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CLASS- XII P- BLOCK ELEMENTS

MASTER THE REACTION – PREVIOUS YEAR BOARD QUESTIONS (P-Block)-


2M
SN Complete the following chemical reaction SN Complete the following chemical reaction
equations: equations:
P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-1 P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-6
1 Cu + HNO3 (CONC.)  26 P4 + Conc. HNO3 
2 NaOH (hot and conc.) + Cl2  27 Sn + 2PCl5 (heating)
3 XeF2 (s) + H2O(l)  28 AgCl(s) + NH3(aq)
4 HgCl2 +2PH3  29 NH3 + Cl2 ( excess) 
5 P4 + NaOH + H2O  30 Cu (s) + H 2SO 4 (conc.) 

P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-2 P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-7


6 Cu + HNO3 (DIL.)  31 PCl5 + H2O (excess) 
7 NaOH (cold and dil.) + Cl2  32 I¯ (aq ) +H2O(aq) + O3(g)
8 XeF4(s) + H2O(l)  33 XeF4 + O2F2 
9 CuSO4+2PH3  34 XeF6 (s) + H2O(l) 
10 Ca3P2 + H2O  35 AgNO3 +H3PO2+ H2O

P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-3 P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-8


11 P4 + SO2Cl2  36 PCl3 + H2O 
12 SO2 + MnO 4- + H2O  37 Br2 (g) + F2(g) (excess)
13 Xe (g) (in excess) + F2(g) , 673K 1Bar  38 SO3 + H 2SO 4 (conc.)
14 H3PO3 + (Heat) 39 XeF6 (s) + 2H2O(l) 
15 XeF2 + PF5  40 CaF2 + H2SO4

P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-4 P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-9


16 P4 + SOCl2  41 KClO3 + Heat( in presence of MnO2)
17 SO2 + Fe3+ + H2O  42 SiO2 + HF 
18 Cl2 (g) + F2(g) (excess)(3000C) 43 XeF6 (s) + H2O(excess) 
19 F2(g) + H2O  44 NaF + XeF6
20 PCl5 + Heat  45 (NH4)2 Cr2O7 + Heat

P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-5 P-BLOCK REACTION CARD-10


21 I2 + HNO3 (conc.)  46 Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 (g) 
22 Ag + 2PCl5 (heating) 47 Cl2 (g) + H2O 
23 Cu (aq) + NH 3(excess (aq)  48 NH3 (excess) + Cl2 
24 NH4Cl(aq) + NaNO2 (aq)  49 NaN3 + Heat
25 C + H 2SO 4 (conc.)  50 Na2SO3 + Cl2 + H2O
P-BLOCK REACTIONS
1(a)# Cu + 8 HNO3(Dil. )  Cu(NO3)2 + 2NO +4 H2O
1(b)# Cu + 4 HNO3( conc.) Cu(NO3)2 + 2NO2 +2H2O

2(a)# 2NaOH (cold and dilute) + Cl2 NaCl +NaOCl +H2O


2(b)# 6NaOH (hot and conc.) + 3Cl2 5NaCl +NaClO3 +H2O

3(a)# 8NH3 (excess) + 3 Cl2 6NH4Cl + N2 3(b)# NH3 + Cl2 ( excess)  NCl3 (explosive ) + 3 HCl

4(a)# PCl3 + H2O  H3PO3 + 3 HCl


4(b)# PCl5 + H2O  POCl3 + 2 HCl
└> + H2O H3PO4 + 3 HCl

5(a)# F2 + H2O  HF + O2
5(b)# X2(g) + H2O(l)  HX(aq) + HOX (aq) ] 1/3
ClF + H2O  HF + H—O—Cl  X2(Hydrated) ] 2/3

6(a) # 2XeF2 (s) + 2H2O(l) 2Xe (g) + 4 HF(aq) + O2(g)


6(b) # 6XeF4 + 12 H2O  4Xe + 2Xe03 + 24 HF + 3 O2
[Hydrolysis of XeF4 and XeF6 with water gives Xe03.]

7(a)# # C + 2H2SO4 (Conc.)  CO2 + 2 SO2 +2H2O


7(b)# # Cu + 2H2SO4 (Conc.) CuSO4 + SO2 +2H2O

8(a)# # 4 H3PO3  3 H3PO4 + PH3


8(b)# (NH4)2Cr2O7 —(Heat ) - N2 + Cr2O3 +H2O
8(c)# HNO2 --(Heat)  HNO3 + H2O + 2NO
8(d)# PCl5 + Heat  PCl3 + Cl2

9(a)# Cu + 2H2SO4 (Conc.) CuSO4 + SO2 +2H2O


9(b)# Cu + 4 HNO3( conc.) Cu(NO3)2 + 2NO2 +2H2O

10(a)# XeF6 + 3 H2O XeO3 + 6 HF


10(b)# XeF6 + H2O XeOF4 + 2 HF [Partial hydrolysis of XeF6 gives oxyfluorides, XeOF4 and
XeO2F2]
10(c)# XeF6 + 2 H2O XeO2F2 + 4HF

11(a)# XeF2 + PF5[XeF]+ [PF6]– ;


11(b)# XeF4 + SbF5[XeF3]+ [SbF6]–
11(c)# XeF6 + MF M+ [XeF7]– (M = Na, K, Rb or Cs)

12(a)# Ca3P2 + 6H2O  3 Ca(OH)2 + 2 PH3


12(b)# P4 + 3NaOH + 3 H2O  PH3 + 3 NaH2PO2
P-BLOCK REACTIONS
13(a)# 2 Fe3+ + SO2 + 2H2O  2 Fe2+ + SO42ˉ + 4 H+
13(b)# 5 SO2 + 2 MnO4 ˉ + 2 H2O  5 SO42ˉ + 4 H+ + 2 Mn2+

14(a)# P4 + 8 SOCl2 4 PCl3 +4 SO2 + 2 S2Cl2 14(c)# P4 + SO2Cl2 4 PCl5 + 10 SO2

15(a)# 3CuSO4 +2PH3 Cu3P2 + 3 H2SO4 15(b)# 3HgCl2 +2 PH3 Hg3P2 + 6 HCl

16(a)# Cu2+ (aq) + 4 NH3(aq) [Cu(NH3)4]2+(aq)


(blue) (deep blue)
16(b)# AgCl (s) + 2 NH3(aq) [Ag(NH3)2] Cl (aq) {colourless soluble complex}

17(a)# NH4Cl(aq) + NaNO2 (aq)  N2(g) +2H2O (l) + NaCl (aq)


17(b)# (NH4)2Cr2O7+Heat N2 + 4H2O + Cr2O3
17(c)# Ba(N3)2 Ba + N2

18(a)# PCl3 + H2O  H3PO3 + 3 HCl


18(b)# PCl5 + H2O  POCl3 + 2 HCl
└> + H2O H3PO4 + 3 HCl

19(a)# C2 H5 OH + PCl5C2 H 5Cl + POCl3 + HCl


19(a)# CH 3COOH + PCl5CH3 COCl + POCl3 +HCl

20(a)# 2Ag (Finely divided )+ PCl5 2AgCl + PCl3


20(b)# Sn(Finely divided ) + 2PCl5 SnCl4 + 2PCl3

21(a)# NCl3 + H2O  NH3 + 3 HOCl 21(b)# PCl3 + H2O  H3PO3 + 3 HCl

22(a)# 2FeSO4 + H2SO4 + Cl2 → Fe2(SO4)3 + 2HCl


22(b)# Na2SO3 + Cl2 + H2O → Na2SO4 + 2HCl
22(c)# SO2 + 2H2O + Cl2 → H2SO4 + 2HCl

23(a)# Cl2+F2 [437K]→2ClF; 23(b)# Cl2 + 3F2 (excess) [573K ]→2ClF3 ;


(equal volume)

24(a)# I2 +3Cl2 [437K]→2ICl3;


24(b)# I2 +Cl2 (equimolar)→2ICl

25(a)# Br2 + 3F2 →2BrF3 25(b)# Br2 + 5F2 →2BrF5


(Diluted with water) (excess)

26(a)# 2 Na2S2O3 + I2  Na2S4O6 + 2 NaI


26(a)# Na2S2O3 + 4 Cl2 +5 H2O  2 NaHSO4 + 8 HCl