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Running Head: APA STYLE SAMPLE 1

APA Style Sample

Macnish J

School of Education
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Table of Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Discussion.......................................................................................................................................................... 3

Examples ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

Format ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

Summary ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

References ......................................................................................................................................................... 5
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Americal American Psychological Association Style Sample

Introduction

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is primarily used in the social science

disciplines. It is formatted like Modern Language Association (MLA), and shows many similarities, but is

unique in several key points. This paper discusses the APA in detail. Look at Referencing Help sheet – there

is a sentence that needs to be added here. You need to remember to insert the two citations with RefWorks

(do not just copy and paste the sentence).

Discussion

APA uses parenthetical (or in-text) citations within sentences, but rather than indicating the author's

name and page number, APA includes author's name and date of publication. The page number, represented

with a p. or a pp., is only added to the citation when using a direct quote (not a summary or paraphrase). If

the author's name is mentioned in the sentence, then place the date of publication in parentheses directly

after the name. If the name is not mentioned include the author's name and date in parentheses at the end of

the source material. And, if you use a direct quote, place the page number after the publication date within

the parentheses.

Examples

Note the difference between the following three examples:

Terrence (1999) has presented poignant examples from 150 interviews. However, it has been pointed

out that the research was conducted in a selective, highly biased, way (Strong & Porter, 1998). All of the

interviewees have been called “exceptions to the norm” (Strong & Porter, 1998, p. 5).
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Note the first example paraphrases an author that is named in the sentence, the second example

paraphrases authors that are not named in the sentence, and the third example provides a direct quote (thus

the inclusion of the page numbers) but also does not identify the authors within the sentence. If the authors

were identified within the sentence in the third example, the authors' names would be followed by the year

of publication and only the page numbers would be in the parentheses at the end of the quote.

Format

Finally, the bibliographic page in APA style differs from MLA, what APA calls the Reference page.

You will notice a few immediate differences from the MLA Works Cited format. With APA you include the

initial of the author's first name rather than the complete name, the publication date immediately follows the

author's name in parentheses, and titles of articles are not surrounded with quotation marks. The lists are still

alphabetized by author's last name (or title in the absence of an author) and the first line is flush left while

subsequent lines in the same entry are indented in (approximately 5 spaces or one tab). A good resource to

help you with referencing is Notre Dame’s referencing guide at http://library.nd.edu.au/referencing/apa#s-

lg-box-3040351. There is also a summary downloadable help document available at:

http://library.nd.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=8053459. In APA Style, you include a reference list rather than a

bibliography with your paper (APA, 2017). A reference list consists of all sources cited in the text of a paper

whereas a bibliography may include resources that were consulted but not cited in the text as well as an

annotated description of each one.

Summary

The School of Education, University of Notre Dame Australia, uses the APA 6th referencing style for

all written documents. In addition to in text referencing and the reference list there are a number of

formatting requirements to ensure your essay complies with APA standards. Get to know the APA 6th.
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References

APA. (2017) Bibliography versus reference list. Retrieved from http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-

guide-on-references.aspx#Bibliography

Hosney, M., & Fatima, S. (2014). Attitudes of students towards cheating and plagiarism: University case

study. Journal of Applied Sciences, 14(8), 748-757. doi: 10.3923/jas.2014.748.757

Terrence, H. S. (2007). Student Success in Community Colleges. The West Australian, p. 6-7

Strong, R. L., Porter, M. (1998), Grammatical Combinations. In S. Parker & K. Gibson (Eds.), Language

and Literacy (p 540-578) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.