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Irregular Verbs:

With no change

N° Base form Past simple Past participle Meaning


1 bet bet bet apostar

2 broadcast broadcast broadcast emitir, transmitir

3 burst burst burst reventar (llanto/risa), explotar

4 cost cost cost costar

5 cut cut cut cortar

6 hit hit hit golpear

7 hurt hurt hurt doler

8 let let let dejar, permitir

9 put put put poner, colocar

10 quit quit quit renunciar

11 set set set fijar, poner (la mesa)

12 shut shut shut cerrar

13 split split split dividir, partir

14 spread spread spread esparcir

1
Irregular Verbs:
With one change

N° Base form Past simple Past participle Meaning


1 bend bent bent doblar, torcer

2 lend lent lent prestar

3 send sent sent enviar

4 mean meant meant significar

5 spend spent spent gastar

6 build built built construir

7 creep crept crept moverse sigilosamente

8 sleep slept slept dormir

9 keep kept kept mantener, guardar, continuar

10 sweep swept swept barrer

11 weep wept wept llorar

12 deal dealt dealt repartir, tratar con

13 feel felt felt sentir

14 kneel knelt knelt arrodillarse

15 leave left left partir, dejar

16 slide slid slid deslizar, deslizarse

17 light lit lit encender, prender

18 lose lost lost perder

19 meet met met reunirse, encontrarse

20 sit sat sat sentarse

21 spit spat spat escupir

22 have had had tener

23 shoot shot shot disparar

24 get got got conseguir, obtener

25 bring brought brought traer

26 buy bought bought comprar

27 catch caught caught atrapar

28 fight fought fought pelear

29 seek sought sought buscar

30 teach taught taught enseñar

2
Irregular Verbs:
With one change

N° Base form Past simple Past participle Meaning


31 think thought thought pensar

32 feed fed fed alimentar

33 flee fled fled huir

34 lead led led guiar, llevar

35 read read read leer

36 say said said decir

37 lay laid laid colocar, tender

38 make made made hacer

39 pay paid paid pagar

40 hear heard heard escuchar, oír

41 hold held held sostener, tener

42 sell sold sold vender

43 tell told told decir, contar

44 shine shone shone brillar, sacar brillo

45 stand stood stood estar de pie, pararse, aguantar

46 understand understood understood comprender, entender

47 dig dug dug excavar

48 hang hung hung colgar

49 stick stuck stuck adherir, pegar

50 sting stung stung picar, arder

51 strike struck struck golpear, pegar

52 swing swung swung balancearse

53 win won won ganar, vencer

3
Irregular Verbs:
With two or more changes

N° Base form Past simple Past participle Meaning


1 become became become convertirse en, llegar a ser

2 come came come venir

3 run ran run correr

4 begin began begun comenzar

5 do did done hacer

6 drink drank drunk beber

7 ring rang rung sonar, tocar, llamar

8 shrink shrank shrunk encoger, contraerse

9 sink sank sunk hundir, hundirse

10 sing sang sung cantar

11 spring sprang sprung saltar

12 stink stank stunk apestar

13 swim swam swum nadar

14 blow blew blown soplar

15 fly flew flown volar

16 grow grew grown crecer, expandirse

17 know knew known conocer, saber

18 sew sewed sewn coser

19 show showed shown mostrar

20 swear swore sworn jurar, usar palabras groseras


usar (ropa), llevar puesto,
21 wear wore worn
desgastar
22 tear tore torn romper, rasgar

23 throw threw thrown lanzar, tirar

24 draw drew drawn dibujar

25 be was /were been ser, estar

26 see saw seen ver

27 lie lay lain echarse, tenderse

4
Irregular Verbs:
With two or more changes

N° Base form Past simple Past participle Meaning


28 fall fell fallen caer

29 beat beat beaten batir, golpear

30 eat ate eaten comer

31 arise arose arisen surgir, presentarse

32 rise rose risen subir, elevarse

33 choose chose chosen escoger, elegir

34 freeze froze frozen congelar, congelarse

35 break broke broken romper, quebrar

36 awake awoke awoken despertar

37 speak spoke spoken hablar, conversar

38 wake woke woken despertar

39 steal stole stolen robar

40 drive drove driven conducir, manejar

41 write wrote written escribir, componer

42 ride rode ridden andar (caballo, bicicleta)

43 bite bit bitten mascar, morder

44 hide hid hidden esconder, esconderse

45 forbid forbade forbidden prohibir

46 forgive forgave forgiven perdonar

47 give gave given dar, entregar

48 mistake mistook mistaken cometer un error, confundir

49 take took taken tomar

50 shake shook shaken agitar, sacudir

51 forget forgot forgotten olvidar

5
Regular Verbs:
Group A
Final –ed is pronounced /t/ when the final sound is: k, x, s, sh, p, f, ch.

N° Infinitive Past Past Participle Meaning


1. ask asked asked preguntar
2. cook cooked cooked cocinar
3. dance danced danced bailar
4. dress dressed dressed vestir
5. finish finished finished terminar
6. guess guessed guessed adivinar
7. help helped helped ayudar
8. jump jumped jumped saltar
9. laugh laughed laughed reír
10. look looked looked mirar
11. miss missed missed perder, extrañar
12. push pushed pushed empujar
13. stop stopped stopped parar, detener
14. talk talked talked conversar
15. wish wished wished desear
16. wash washed washed lavar
17. watch watched watched mirar
18. work worked worked trabajar, funcionar

6
Regular Verbs:
Group B
Final –ed is pronounced /d/ when the final sound is: r, l, n, b, m, v, ll, z, or a vowel.

N° Infinitive Past Past Participle Meaning

1. answer answered answered responder


=
2. call called called llamar
=
3. clean cleaned cleaned limpiar
=
4. close closed closed cerrar
5. change changed changed cambiar
=
6. describe described described describir
=
7. die died died morir=
8. dry dried dried secar
=
9. enjoy enjoyed enjoyed disfrutar
=
10. fill filled filled llenar
=
11. happen happened happened suceder
=
12. harm harmed harmed dañar,
= lastimar
13. kill killed killed matar
=
14. listen listened listened escuchar
=
15. live lived lived vivir =
16. love loved loved amar=
17. open opened opened abrir=
18. pray prayed prayed rezar=
19. play played played jugar=
20. pull pulled pulled tirar =
21. rain rained rained llover=
22. remember remembered remembered recordar
=
23. show showed showed mostrar
=
24. study studied studied estudiar
=
25. travel traveled traveled viajar
26. turn turned turned girar, doblar

7
Regular Verbs:
Group C
Final –ed is pronounced /id/ when the final sound is d and t

N° Infinitive Past Past Participle Meaning


1. avoid avoided avoided =evitar
2. complete completed completed =completar
3. count counted counted =contar
4. decide decided decided =decidir
5. defend defended defended =defender
6. demand demanded demanded =demandar
7. hesitate hesitated hesitated =dudar
8. invite invited invited invitar
9. load loaded loaded =cargar
10. need needed needed =necesitar
11. pretend pretended pretended =fingir
12. rest rested rested =descansar
13. resist resisted resisted =resistir
14. start started started =empezar
15. suggest suggested suggested =sugerir
16. visit visited visited visitar
17. wait waited waited =esperar
18. want wanted wanted =desear