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Professional Education - SET D - Part 2

51. Which of the following propositions is attributed to Plato?

A. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.


B. Human beings create their own truths.
C. Learning is the discovery of truth as Iatent ideas are brought to consciousness.
D. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.

52. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management?

A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs.


B. It teaches dependence on others for self-control.
C. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students.
D. Strategies aresimple enough to be used consistently.

53. Out of 3 distracters in a multiple choice test item, namely B, C, and D, no pupil chose D as answer. This implies that D is
__________

A. an ineffective distracter
B. a vague distracter
C. an effective distracter
D. a plausible distracter

54. I drew learners into several content areas and encouraged them to solve a complex question for inter-disciplinary
teaching. Which strategy did I use?

A. Problem-centered learning
B. Unit method
C. Reading-writing activity
D. Thematic instruction

55. Value clarification as a strategy in Values Education classes is anchored on which philosophy?

A. Existentialism
B. Christian philosophy
C. Idealism
D. Hedonism

56. Teacher A is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences,
dialogues, dictation and writing excercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which
of the following is a valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning.


B. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same manner.
C. The teacher wants to make herteachirig easier by having less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing reading and writing skills.

57. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more __________ questions.

A. closed
B. fact
C. concept
D. convergent

58. Are percentile ranks the same as percentage correct?

A. It cannot be determined unless scores are given.


B. It cannot be determined unless the number of examinees is given.
C. No
D. Yes

59. Which method has been proven to be effective in courses that stress acquisition of knowledge?

A. Socratic method
B. Cooperative learning
C. Mastery learning
D. Indirect instruction
60. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT

A. it links the parts of the lesson


B. lt brings together the information that has been discussed
C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.
D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.

61. Which is a true foundation of the social order?

A. Obedient citizenry
B. The reciprocation of rights and duties
C. Strong political leadership
D. Equitable distribution of wealth

62. Which one can enhance the comparability of grades?

A. Using common conversion table for translating test scores in to ratings


B. Formulating tests that vary from one teacher to another
C. Allowing individual teachers to determine factors for rating
D. Individual teachers giving weights to factors considered for rating

63. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer school day, longer academic year and more
challenging textbooks?

A. Perennialist
B. Essentialist
C. Progressivist
D. Existentialist

64. Which test has broad sampling of topics as strength?

A. Objective test
B. Short answer test
C. Essay test
D. Problem type

65. Read this question:How will you present the layers of the earth to your class?This is a question that

A. directs
B. leads the student to evaluate
C. assesses cognition
D. probes creative thinking

66. In Krathwohl's affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the lowest level of affective behavior?

A. Valuing
B. Characterization
C. Responding
D. Organization

67. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationships with his classmates. Which basic goal must haye not been attained by
Rodel during his developmental years, according to Erikson's theory on psychological development?

A. Autonomy
B. Trust
C. Initiative
D. Generativity

68. Two students are given the WISE II. One has a full scale IQ of 91, while the other has an IQ of 109. Which conclusion can
be drawn?

A. The second student has significantly higher intellectual ability


B. The first student is probably below average, while the second has above average potential
C. Both students are functioning in the average range of intellectual ability
D. Another IQ test should be given to truly assess their intellectual potential

69. To come closer to the truth we need togo back to the things themselves.This is the advice of the

A. behaviorists
B. phenomenologists
C. idealists
D. pragmatists

70. Which guideline in test construction is NOT observed in this test item: Jose Rizal wrote __________.

A. The central problem should be packed in the stem.


B. There must be only one correct answer.
C. Alternatives must have grammatical parallelism.
D. The alternates must be plausible.

71. In what way can teachers uphold the highest possible standards of quality education?

A. By continually improving themselves personally and professionally


B. By wearing expensive clothes to change people's poor perception of teachers
C. By working out undeserved promotions
D. By putting down other professions to lift the status of teaching

72. Each teacher is said to be a trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is, under obligation to
transmit to learners such heritage. Which practice makes him fulfill such obligation?

A. Use the latest instructional technology.


B. Observe continuing professional education.
C. Use interactive teaching strategies.
D. Study the life of Filipino heroes.

73. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has limitless capacity. What does this imply?

A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.


B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this nativeabilty.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything.

74. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage and then made to ingest a drug that
produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking alcohoL Which theory
explains this?

A. Operant conditioning
B. Social Learning Theory
C. Associative Learning
D. Attribution Theory

75. The following are used in writing performance objectives, EXCEPT

A. delineate
B. diagram
C. integrate
D. comprehend

76. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct performance of your students?

A. Use the least intrusive prompt first.


B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain from using prompts.

77. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's Summerhill, one of the most experimental schools, based?

A. Rousseau
B. Pestalozzi
C. Montessori
D. John Locke

78. "In the light of the facts presented, what is most likely to happen when ... ?" is a sample thought question on

A. inferring
B. generalizing
C. synthesizing
D. justifying

79. Which applies when skewness is zero?


A. Mean is greater than the median
B. Median is greater than mean
C. Scores have three modes
D. Scores are normally distributed

80. Whose influence is the education program that puts emphasis on self-development. through the classics, music, and
rituals?

A. Buddha
B. Mohammed
C. Confucius
D. Lao Tsu

81. Which is an appropriate way to manage off-task behavior?

A. Make eye contact.


B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a child's attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing to work.

82. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most authentic?

A. Characterization
B. Organization
C. Responding
D. Valuing

83. Study this group of tests which was administered with the following results, then answer the question.

Subject Mean SD Ronnels's Score


Math 56 10 43
Physics 41 9 31
English 80 16 109

In which subject(s) were the scores most homogenous?

A. Math
B. English
C. Physics
D. Physics and Math

84. We encounter people whose prayer goes like this: "O God, if there is a God; save my soul, if I have a soul" From whom
is this prayer?

A. Stoic
B. Empiricist
C. Agnostic
D. Skeptic

85. The test item "Group the following items according to shape" is a thought test item on __________.

A. creating
B. classifying
C. generalizing
D. comparing

86. Teacher B is a teacher of English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blank sentences, dictation
and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a
valid conclusion?

A. The teacher is reinforcing learning by giving the same information in, a variety of methods.
B. The teacher is applying Bloom's hierachy of cognitive learning.
C. The teacher wants to do less talk.
D. The teacher is emphasizing listening and speaking skills.

87. What is the mean of this score distribution: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10?

A. 7
B. 6
C. 8.5
D. 7.5

88. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupils. Which one will she do?

A. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown in graphs.
B. Ask her students to answer questions beginning withWhat if ...
C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs.
D. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not understood.

89. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are
diagrams helpful to accompany verbal information?

A. Enactive and iconic


B. Symbolic
C. Symbolic and enactive
D. Iconic

90. Which holds true to standardized tests?

A. They are used for comparative purposes


B. They are administered differently
C. They are scored according to different standards
D. They are used for assigning grades

91. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is a low-profile classroom technique?

A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice

92. Which type of report refers toon-the-spotdescription of some incident, episode or occurrence that is being observed and
recorded as being of possible significance?

A. Autobiographical report
B. Biographical report
C. Value and interest report
D. Anecdotal report

93. By what name is Indirect instruction the Socratic method also known?

A. Mastery learning
B. Indirect Method
C. Morrison method
D. Questioning method

94. Teacher A knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be involved in any investigation.
Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher A fail to apply?

A. The end does not justify the means.


B. The principle of double-effect
C. Always do what is right.
D. Between two evils, do the lesser evil.

95. What should a teacher do for students in his class who are not on grade level?

A. Give them materials on their level and let them work at a pace that is reasonable forthem, trying to bring them up to a
grade level.
B. Give them the same work as the other students, because they will absorb as much as they are capable of.
C. Give them the same work as the other students, not much, so that they won't feel embarrassed.
D. Give them work on the level of the other students and work a little above the classmates level to challenge them.

96. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately. But this does not mean that the child may
not steal again. Based on Thorndike's theory on punishment and learning, this shows that __________

A. punishment strengthens a response


B. punishment removes a response
C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response

97. Helping in the development of graduates who aremaka-Diyosis an influence of

A. naturalistic morality
B. classical Christian morality
C. situational morality
D. dialectical morality

98. Teacher H gave her first-grade class a page with a story in which pictures take the place of some words. Which method
did she use?

A. The whole language approach


B. The Spaulding method
C. The rebus method
D. The language experience approach

99. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen.
Which conditioning process is illustrated

A. Generalization
B. Extinction
C. Acquisition
D. Discrimination

100. Teachers often complain of numerous non-teaching assignments that adversely, affect their teaching. Does this mean
that teachers must be preoccupied only with teaching?

A. Yes, if they are given other assignments, justice demands that they be properly compensated.
B. Yes, because other community leaders, not teachers, are tasked to leadin community activities.
C. NO, because every teacher is expected to provide leadership and initiative in activities for betterment of communities.
D. Yes, because teaching is enough full time job.