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WKS14 www.wineyard.

in

FARMER FRIENDLY SOLAR BASED ELECTRIC FENCER FOR RURAL AGRICULTURE

WITH BATTERY REVERSE CHARGE PROTECTION

Technical Specifications:

Title of the project : Farmer Friendly solar fence for rural agricultural with

www.wineyard.in Ph.: 040-6464 6363, 6625 6695, 888 5555 212


battery reverse charge protection
Domain : Renewable Energy Management, Energy System

Embedded Systems

Power Supply : +5V, 500mA Regulated Power Supply and 12V lead acid

Battery

Rechargeable Battery : NiMH Rechargeable battery 3.6V, 600mAh

Source : Solar Panel

Inverter : (12V/230V)

Software : Embedded C, Keil, Proload

Microcontroller : AT89S52

Display : LCD

ADC0808 : 1

Crystal : 11.0592MHz

Applications : Industrial applications, batteries, vehicles, Mining

Developed By : M/S Wine Yard Technologies

Phone : 040-6464 6363, www.WineYard.in

Hyderabad: Tarakarama Estates, 2nd Left Lane – Opp. RS Brothers, Ameerpet, Hyderabad-500073
WKS14 www.wineyard.in

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ABSTRACT
Electric fences can be used to protect farmhouses, farmlands, forest bunglows, etc from

animals. In a way, these simulate the job of a cowboy or forest guard. Already popular in

countries where manpower is expensive, electric fences are slowly becoming popular in India as

www.wineyard.in Ph.: 040-6464 6363, 6625 6695, 888 5555 212


well. These control the animals by giving them a short, sharp but safe shock that teaches them to

stay away from the fence. Thus electric fences are economical and practical solutions to

maximize field production through controlled grazing. Electric fencing is safe, as its output is

discrete (not continuous). There is certain time duration between two pulses that prevents

prolonged shocking to animals or people. In addition, the short ‘on’-time (normally 1/5000th of a

second) prevents heat build-up.

This fence system is powered by a 12V rechargeable battery. A solar panel is connected to
the battery to charge on day time. The battery is connected to the inverter. This inverter is used to
convert the 12 Volt D.C to the 230 Volt A.C. This 230 Volt A.C voltage is used to activate the
loads. Here we are also using Conventional Battery Charger Unit to recharge the battery.

AT89S52 micro controller is the heart of the circuit as it controls all the functions. A

voltage sampler is interfaced with the system using ADC 0808 to get the DC voltage generated

from solar panel stored in battery as a display on a 16X2 LCD.

A 12 V DC lead acid rechargeable battery is used for storing the energy. We are using

conventional battery charging unit also for giving supply to the circuitry.

This Conventional power source uses regulated 5V, 500mA power supply. 7805 three
terminal voltage regulator is used for voltage regulation. Bridge type full wave rectifier is used to
rectify the ac out put of secondary of 230/12V step down transformer.

Hyderabad: Tarakarama Estates, 2nd Left Lane – Opp. RS Brothers, Ameerpet, Hyderabad-500073
WKS14 www.wineyard.in

Block Diagram:

Power
Supply Unit
Contrast

www.wineyard.in Ph.: 040-6464 6363, 6625 6695, 888 5555 212


16X2 LCD

AT89S52

Solar Panel

Voltage ADC
Sampler

ON/ OFF
Rechargeable Inverter control
Battery switch

Power Supply Unit:

Fence

Hyderabad: Tarakarama Estates, 2nd Left Lane – Opp. RS Brothers, Ameerpet, Hyderabad-500073
WKS14 www.wineyard.in

Advantages:

 Protected animals

 Renewable Energy Opportunities on the Farm.

 Effective and active crop and asset protection

www.wineyard.in Ph.: 040-6464 6363, 6625 6695, 888 5555 212


 Ecofriendly

 Safety

 Durability

 Convenience to operate

 Low maintenance

Applications:

 Security of agriculture crops from animals

 Strangers can be prohibited from entering into the Agri-field.

 Industrial

 Domestic

Hyderabad: Tarakarama Estates, 2nd Left Lane – Opp. RS Brothers, Ameerpet, Hyderabad-500073