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Reactive Power Solutions

Capacitor Catalogue 2016


Reactive Power Solutions

About us
3
Havells Power Capacitors are designed and manufactured using S technology. It encompenses product with tripple shield
with differential disconnector in the event of any fault within due to environmental compatability. Automatic controlled V ACcum
potting of “Element Modules” ensures fault remains localised and protects the installation inspite of hazards.
Advance technologies adopted in our “Capacitors” offer you unmatched safety and outstanding performance under Indian
conditions benefiting you month after month and every year from now on...
Our commitment to manufacturing excellence and providing a world class quality products at affordable prices in creating your
industry more energy efficient, now from even wider spectrum of products from Havells; we offer you a complete solution which
is not only safe and reliable but also help you save your energy.

At Havells “Energy Conservation is our Motto”


Reactive Power Solutions

INDEX
Introduction 8-15

Product overview 16-21

IPFC Panels 22-29

Power Capacitors - Cylinderical 30-44

Power Capacitors - Square 46-57

Anti Resonance Harmonic Filter 58-65

Micorprocessor controlled power factor controler 66-70

PFC fundamentals 71-83

Sahibabad Capacitor Plant


Reactive Power Solutions

Sahibabad Capacitor Plant

4
Reactive Power Solutions

5
Reactive Power Solutions

From Component to Solution

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Reactive Power Solutions

Range of Power Factor Correction Capacitors &


Components

Cylindrical Anti Microprocessor Square APFC Panel


Harmonic Controlled
Detuned Power Factor
Filter Controller

Range
TORRENT 6-350 KVAr
(Splendid Duty)
Range 1-30 KVAr 8 & 12 Steps

Range 5-100 KVAr

CHAMP
(Heavy Duty) (Heavy Duty)
Range 1-25 KVAr Range 1-30 KVAr*

(Normal Duty) (Super Heavy Duty)


Range 1-15 KVAr Double Dielectric
Range 1-25 KVAr*

(Splendid Duty)
Range 1-30 KVAr*

*Higher ratings on requrest. Banking solution available.

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Reactive Power Solutions

Power Factor
As electrical power demand increasing day by day the awarness of the necessity of the energy saving is also increasing. So awarness
of power quality increases. The power factor correction (PFC) and harmonic filtering is a need of the hour. Its a way of fast return of
investment.

U I

I U

Linear loads: Non linear load produce


voltage was followed non sinusoidal currents when
by current. connected to sinusoidal voltage.

Havells is single window for power quality solution togeather with


• Application know-how • A worldwide network of partners
• Technical skills • Continuous development
• Extensive experience in the field of power quality improvement • Sharing of information.

Uninterruptible Power Supply Power Factor Correction (PFC)


(optional) and Harmonic Filtering
EMC filter
C

DC link Tuned Linear load Dynamic Passive Active


(Aluminum electrolytic harmonic with fixed PFC harmonic harmonic
or film capacitors) filters PFC systems filters filters
Frequency converter
Overvoltage Overvoltage Overvoltage Overvoltage Overvoltage
protection protection protection protection protection
Charging
resistor
M
3~ C
(detuned
250/350/ M PFC
Output filter EMC filter
550 Hz 3~ systems)

Power factor Power factor improvement Types of PFC


Power factor improvement can be (Detuned or conventional)
Low power factor (cos f)results in achieved by
• Individual or fixed compensation
• Higher energy consumption • Compensation of reactive (each reactive power producer is
and costs power with capacitors individually compensated)
• Less power distributed via • Active compensation – using • Group compensation (reactive
the network semiconductors, power producers connected as a
• Power loss in the network • Overexcited synchronous group and compensated as a whole)
• Higher transformer losses machine (motor / generator) • Central or automatic compensation
(by a PFC system at a central point),
• Increased voltage drop in
power distribution networks. • Mixed compensation.

Important Notes
Following points are applies to all products in this catalogue.
• HAVELLS is either unfamiliar with individual customer applications or less familiar with them than customers themselves. For this
reason, It is always ultimately incumbent on the customer to check and decide whether the HAVELLS product with the properties
described in the product specification is suitable for use in particular customer application.
• We also point out that in individual cases, a malfunction of components or failure before the end of their usual service life cannot
be completely ruled out in the current state of the art, even if they are operated as specified. In customer application requiring
a very high level of operational safety and especially in customer applications in which the malfunction or failure of component
could endanger human life or health (e.g. in accident prevention or lifesaving systems), it must therefore be ensured by means of
suitable design of the customer application or other action taken by the customer (e.g. installation of protective circuitry
or redundancy) that no injury or damage is sustained by third parties in the event of malfunction or failure of component.
• The warnings, cautions and product –specific notes must be observed.
• We constantly strive to improve our products, consequently, the product describe in this publication may change from time to
time. Please check before or when you place the purchase order whether the product description and specifications contained in
this catalogue.

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Reactive Power Solutions

Power Factor Correction - Components


kWh meter

Apparent
power

P
Grid S
Q

kvarh meter

Capacitors for
compensation

Capacitor
Power factor correction (PFC) capacitors produce the necessary leading reactive power to compensate the lagging reactive power.
They should be capable of withstanding high inrush currents caused by switching operations (>100 · IR). If they are connected in
parallel, i.e. as banks, the inrush current will increase (≥150 · IR) because the charging current comes from the power line as well
as from other capacitors connected in parallel.

Design of capacitors
MPP technology

Metalized plastic compact capacitors with self-healing properties and a polypropylene dielectric. Film metallization with
zinc/aluminum alloy results in high performance and a low film thickness allowing significantly more compact dimensions
and a lower weight.

Self-healing
x In the event of thermal or electrical overload, an electric breakdown
1 occurs. The dielectric in the breakdown channel is broken down into
6 5
highly compressed plasma that explodes out of the breakdown
4 2 4 channel and pushes the dielectric layers apart. The discharge contin-
2 97 93
10 8 10 r ues within the spreading charge continues within the spreading
1 1
plasma via the metal layers so that the metal surrounding the faulty
2 4 6 5 4 2 area is completely burnt out. This produces perfect isolation of the
7 9 3 faulty area within microseconds. The self-healing process results in
10 1 10
negligible capacitance loss – less than 100 pF per event. The capaci-
tor remains fully functional during the entire process.

1. Dielectric
2. Metalized electrodes
3. Material displacing shock wave 30 µm 10 µm
4. Air gap with metal vapor
5, 6. Plasma zone
7. Boundary layer between gas phase dielectric and plasma
8. Breakdown channel
9. Gas phase dielectric
10. Zone of displaced metalization and dielectric (isolating region)

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Reactive Power Solutions

Introduction - Principle of Reactive Energy Management


Under normal operating conditions certain electrical loads (e.g. induction motors, welding Reactive Power KVAr

equipment, arc furnaces and fluorescent lighting) draw not only active power from the Q = S2 - P2

supply, but also inductive reactive power (KVAr).This reactive power is necessary for the
equipment to operate correctly but could be interpreted as an undesirable burden on the
Active Active
supply. The power factor of a load is defined as the ratio of active power to apparent power, P = S2-Q2 S = P2-Q2
i.e. kW: kVA and is referred to as cosf. The closer cosf is to unity, the less reactive power [KW] [kVA]

is drawn from the supply:


Cos f = P/S f = phase displacement
Sin f = Q/S S1 = uncompensated apparent power
Q = S Sin f S2 = compensated power with
Active Power (kW) Q = P tan f
capacitor for compensation

• It is power used by the loads to meet the functional output requirements Power Factor = Cos f
Cos f = P (kW) / S (kVA)

Reactive Power (KVAr)


• It is power used by the load to meet its magnetic field equipments and the requirements
of magnetic losses
• The reactive power is always 900 out of phase with respects to the active power
• The unit normally used to express the reactive power is VAr ( in practical usage KVAr)
• The apparent power KVA is the vector some of active and reactive power

Power Factor • Using IPFC panel at various points of the distribution network-
The power factor is the cosine of the angle between Active power Here automatic power factor correction takes place with the help
and Apparent power of power factor controller and power contactors by switching
Active power (KW) in/out 4/6/8/12 steps of capacitor banks as the power factor
• Power Factor (cosf) =
Apparent power(KVA) varies.
• KVA = KW +KVAr
2 2

• Increase IR losses leading to additional heating and loss of


• kW = KVA x cosf energy
KVAr • Increase in the rating of switchgear cables and other protective
• tanf =
kW devices
• Reduction of voltage at the load end
Effects of Reactive Energy
It is now obvious that both active and reactive energy are
necessary inputs in all electrical systems however the flow of
reactive power has certain negative aspects which results in
Active energy Active energy
the increased cost of electrical systems and also drops in the Power Transmission
Motor
Generation network
efficiency of systems operations Reactive energy Reactive energy

The increased flow of reactive power results in the following.


Adverse condition
• Overloading of transformers
• Higher kVA demand on system Power Active energy
Transmission
network
Active energy
Motor
Generation
• Higher voltage drop throughout the systems.
Capacitors

Power Factor Correction kvar c (leading)

Capacitors are most cost effective and reliable static devices which
can generate and supply reactive power (energy). Capacitors
kW
consume virtually negligible active power and able to produce ϕ2 kvar2
ϕ1
reactive power locally, thus enabling Power Factor Correction for kVA 2

inductive loads. kvar C


kvar 1
kVA 1
The vector diagram given aside summarize the concept of power
factor correction/ improvement by reactive power compensation
with capacitors.
cosf1 = Initial power factor
cosf2 = Target power factor
KVA2<KVA1

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Reactive Power Solutions

Benefits of Reactive Energy Management


• By providing proper Reactive management system the adverse effects of flow of reactive energy can be minimized
• Following table provides some of the benefits of reactive energy management

Reduction in Electricity bill

Reduction in KVAr

Reduction in kVA Demand

Reduction in Line Current Reduced Loading on Transformer

Reduction in Switchgear Rating

Reduction in line losses / Cable losses

Reduction in voltage regulations

Savings on the electricity bill


• Decrease in KVA demand

( )
2
• Eliminate penalties on reactive energy PF1
Copper loss = X Full load copper loss
PF2
• Reduce power loss in transformers

( )
2
0.7
= X Full load copper loss
0.98
Example:
( )
2
Loss reduction in a 630KVA transformer 0.7
= X 6500W
PW = 6500W (assumed) with an initial Power Factor = 0.7 0.98
With power factor correction we obtain a final power = 3316W
factor = 0.98
Savings = 6500W – 3316W
The losses become : 3316W i.e. a reduction of 49%
= 3183W

Increase in available power


A high power factor optimizes an electrical installation. Power Factor Additional available
Fitting PFC equipment on Low Voltage side of transformers power (kW)
increases available power at secondary of LV transformers. 0.7 0%
The table shows the increased available power at the transformer
0.8 +14%
output by improving power factor from 0.7 to1.
0.85 +21%
0.90 +29%
Example :
0.95 +36%
Calculation for additional load in KW that can be connected by
improving Power Factor 1.00 +43%
Load = 500KVA
Initial PF (cosf1) = 0.7
Target PF (cosf2) = 0.95
cosf1 = kW1/KVA
kW1 = KVA x cosf1
= 350 kW
kW2 = KVA x cosf2
= 475 kW
Additional kW that can be connected
= 475-350
= 125 kW
% of additional load = 125 /350 x100
= 36%

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Reactive Power Solutions

Reduction in line current


Installation of PFC equipment results in, Power Factor MF
• Reduction in current drawn from source 1 1
• Reduction in conductor cross section and reduced losses
0.80 1.25
The table shows the Multiplying Factor(MF) for the conductor crosssection
increase for fall in power factor. 0.80 1.67
0.40 2.50
Example:
Calculation of reduction of line current if PF improved from 0.60 to 1.00
Load = 350 kW
1. KVA1 = 1kW/PF1
= 1350 / 1.00
= 1350 kVA
I1 = 1KVA x 1000 / Ö3 x V
= 1583 x 1000 / Ö3 x 440
= 1765 A (Before PF compensation)
2. KVA2 = 1kW/PF2
= 1350/0.60
= 1583 KVA
I2 = 1KVA x 1000 / Ö3 x V
= 1350 x 1000 / Ö3 x 440
= 1459 A (After PF compensation)
Savings in line current
Multiplying Factor
= 1I1 / I2
= 1765 / 459
= 11.67

Improvement in voltage regulation


Installing PFC equipment increases the voltage at the point of connection, which compensates the fall in voltage due to poor
Power Factor
DV = Q
V S

DV =Voltage Improvement
V = System Voltage Without Capacitors
Q = Capacitors Rating in MVAr
S = System Fault Level In MVA

Example:
For a 150 KVAr, 440V capacitor & System
fault level of 15 MVA.
DV = Q
V S

440 x 0.15
DV =
15

DV = 4.4 Volts

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Reactive Power Solutions

Types of compensation
Broadly, there are two types of compensation:
• Fixed compensation
• Variable compensation
Fixed compensation
This arrangement uses one or more capacitors to provide a constant level of compensation.

Control may be
• Manual: by circuit-breaker or load-break switch
• Semi-automatic: by contactor
• Direct connection to an appliance and switched with it

These capacitors are applied:


• At the terminals of inductive loads (mainly motors), at bus bars connecting numerous small motors and inductive appliances for
which individual compensation would be too costly
• In cases where the load factor is reasonably constant

Variable compensation
• IPFC panels
• Contactor / Thyristor based
• ePFC
• Electronic VAr compensator with IGBT
The primary reason for Variable compensation is the variation of loads in the network. In many applications the process are not constant
through out the day, hence the reactive energy required varies as per the load profile, to eliminate the risk of leading power factor and to
optimize the kVA demand, the variable compensation techniques are used.

Modes of compensation
The selection of the Power Factgor Correction equipment can follow 3 levels of compensation
• Central compensation
• Group compensation
• Individual compensaion

Supply

Transformer

Circuit
Breaker

Central
Compensation

Group Group
Compensation Compensation

Individual Individual Individual Individual


Compensation Compensation Compensation Compensation

M M M M
Load Load Load Load

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Reactive Power Solutions

The table below shows the values for typical power factors
according to the formula
Current achievable
(Actual) (Target)
Tan f Cos f cos f
0.80 0.82 0.85 0.88

3.18 0.30 2.43 2.43 2.56 2.64
2.96 0.32 2.21 2.26 2.34 2.42
2.77 0.34 2.02 2.07 2.15 2.23
2.59 0.36 1.84 1.89 1.97 2.05
2.43 0.38 1.68 1.73 1.81 1.89
2.29 0.40 1.54 1.59 1.67 1.75
2.16 0.42 1.41 1.46 1.54 1.62
2.04 0.44 1.29 1.34 1.42 1.50
1.93 0.46 1.18 1.23 1.31 1.39
1.83 0.48 1.08 1.13 1.21 1.29
1.73 0.50 0.98 1.03 1.11 1.19
1.64 0.52 0.89 0.94 1.02 1.10
1.56 0.54 0.81 0.86 0.94 1.02
1.48 0.56 0.73 0.78 0.86 0.94
1.40 0.58 0.65 0.70 0.78 0.86
1.33 0.60 0.58 0.63 0.71 0.79
1.30 0.61 0.55 0.60 0.68 0.76
1.27 0.62 0.52 0.57 0.65 0.73
1.23 0.63 0.48 0.53 0.61 0.69
1.20 0.64 0.45 0.50 0.58 0.66
1.17 0.65 0.42 0.47 0.55 0.63
1.14 0.66 0.39 0.44 0.52 0.60
1.11 0.67 0.36 0.41 0.49 0.57
1.08 0.68 0.33 0.38 0.46 0.54
1.05 0.69 0.30 0.35 0.43 0.51
1.02 0.70 0.27 0.32 0.40 0.48
0.99 0.71 0.24 0.29 0.37 0.45
0.96 0.72 0.21 0.26 0.34 0.42
0.94 0.73 0.19 0.24 0.32 0.40
0.91 0.74 0.16 0.21 0.29 0.37
0.88 0.75 0.13 0.18 0.26 0.34
0.86 0.76 0.11 0.16 0.24 0.32
0.83 0.77 0.08 0.13 0.21 0.29
0.80 0.78 0.05 0.10 0.18 0.26
0.78 0.79 0.03 0.08 0.16 0.24
0.75 0.80 0.05 0.13 0.21
0.72 0.81 0.10 0.18
0.70 0.82 0.08 0.16
0.67 0.83 0.05 0.13
0.65 0.84 0.03 0.11
0.62 0.85 0.08
0.59 0.86 0.05
0.57 0.87
0.54 0.88
0.51 0.89
0.48 0.90
0.46 0.91
0.43 0.92
0.40 0.93
0.36 0.94
0.33 0.95
0.29 0.96
0.25 0.97
0.20 0.98
0.14 0.99

Example:
Qc = PA * (tanf1-tan f2) ACTUAL motor power P = 100 kW
Qc (KVAr) = PMotor * K = active power (kW) * factor “K” Actual cos f 0.65
PMotor=S * cos j = apparent power * cos f TARGET cos f 0.96
tan f 1 + f 2 according to cos f values ref. Table Factor K from table 0.88
Capacitor reactive power Qc
Qc = 100 * 0.88 = 88 KVAr (say 90 KVAr)

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Reactive Power Solutions

0.90 0.92 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00


Factor K
2.70 2.75 2.82 2.89 2.98 3.18
2.48 2.53 2.60 2.67 2.76 2.96
2.28 2.34 2.41 2.48 2.56 2.77
2.10 2.17 2.23 2.30 2.39 2.59
1.95 2.01 2.07 2.14 2.23 2.43
1.81 1.87 1.93 2.00 2.09 2.29
1.68 1.73 1.80 1.87 1.96 2.06
1.56 1.61 1.68 1.75 1.84 2.04
1.45 1.50 1.57 1.64 1.73 1.93
1.34 1.40 1.47 1.54 1.62 1.83
1.25 1.31 1.37 1.45 1.63 1.73
1.16 1.22 1.28 1.35 1.44 1.64
1.07 1.13 1.20 1.27 1.36 1.56
1.00 1.05 1.12 1.19 1.28 1.48
0.92 0.98 1.04 1.11 1.20 1.40
0.85 0.91 0.97 1.04 1.13 1.33
0.81 0.87 0.94 1.01 1.10 1.30
0.78 0.84 0.91 0.99 1.06 1.27
0.75 0.81 0.87 0.94 1.03 1.23
0.72 0.77 0.84 0.91 1.00 1.20
0.68 0.74 0.81 0.88 0.97 1.17
0.65 0.71 0.78 0.85 0.94 1.14
0.63 0.68 0.75 0.82 0.90 1.11
0.59 0.65 0.72 0.79 0.88 1.08
0.56 0.62 0.69 0.76 0.85 1.05
0.54 0.59 0.66 0.73 0.82 1.02
0.51 0.57 0.63 0.70 0.79 0.99
0.48 0.54 0.60 0.67 0.76 0.96
0.45 0.51 0.58 0.65 0.73 0.94
0.42 0.48 0.55 0.62 0.71 0.91
0.40 0.46 0.52 0.59 0.68 0.88
0.37 0.43 0.50 0.57 0.65 0.86
0.34 0.40 0.47 0.54 0.63 0.83
0.32 0.38 0.44 0.51 0.60 0.80
0.29 0.35 0.42 0.49 0.57 0.78
0.27 0.32 0.39 0.46 0.55 0.75
0.24 0.30 0.36 0.43 0.52 0.72
0.21 0.27 0.34 0.41 0.49 0.70
0.19 0.25 0.31 0.38 0.47 0.67
0.16 0.22 0.29 0.36 0.44 0.65
0.14 0.19 0.26 0.33 0.42 0.62
0.11 0.17 0.23 0.30 0.39 0.59
0.08 0.14 0.21 0.28 0.36 0.57
0.06 0.11 0.18 0.25 0.34 0.54
0.03 0.09 0.15 0.22 0.31 0.51
0.06 0.12 0.19 0.26 0.48
0.03 0.10 0.17 0.25 0.46
0.07 0.14 0.22 0.43
0.04 0.11 0.19 0.40
0.07 0.16 0.36
0.13 0.33
0.09 0.29
0.05 0.25
0.20
0.14

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Reactive Power Solutions

Power factor correction capacitors - Cylindrical


Parameter Unit Hercules
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 30 KVAr
Tolerance 0 –10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax.
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined
Max. Permisible Current Imax. effects of harmonics, over voltages and
capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 200 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
Ambient Temperature 0
C
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Max. Permisible Altitute 4000 M above sea level
Mean Life Expectancy tLD (co) 100000 Hrs
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Aluminium / Cylindrical
Dimensions According to specification table page no. 33, 34
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Threaded Bolt M8 / M12
Max. Tourque for Fixing Nm 4 Nm / 10 Nm
Upright. Horizontal mounting with additional
Mounting Position
head support possible.
Terminals Upto 5KVAr fast on and above clamp
Degree of Protection Safety IP20 optional IP54
Max. Tourque for Connection Terminals (6 KVAr and above) Nm 2.5 Nm
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHNTC*
* without discharge resister

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Reactive Power Solutions

Phantom Agri Boost


IS 13340 / IEC 60831 IS 13340
1 – 25 KVAr 1 – 15 KVAr
0 –10% 0 –10%
Delta Delta
400 – 525 415 – 440
50 / 60 Hz 50 / 60 Hz

VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily) VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)


VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily) VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily) VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily) VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl.
combined effects of harmonics, combined effects of harmonics,
over voltages and capacitance) over voltages and capacitance)
up to 250 x IR up to 200 x IR

2.15 x UN, 2 Sec. 1.75 x UN, 2 Sec.


3600 V AC, 2 Sec. 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.

< 0.2 W/KVAr < 0.2 W/KVAr


< 0.4 W/KVAr < 0.4 W/KVAr

-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C; -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
95% 95%
4000 M above sea level 4000 M above sea level
130000 Hrs 100000 Hrs

Aluminium / Cylindrical Aluminium / Cylindrical


According to Specification Table Page No. 39, 40 According to Specification Table Page No. 44
Polypropylene Film Polypropylene Film
Soft Resin Soft Resin
Threaded Bolt M8 / M12 Threaded Bolt M8 / M12
4 Nm / 10 Nm 4 Nm / 10 Nm
Upright. Horizontal mounting with Upright. Horizontal mounting with
additional head support Possible. additional head support Possible.
Upto 5KVAr fast on and above clamp Wire Terminal
IP20 optional IP54 IP54
2.5 Nm

Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector


Resister Resister
≤60 Sec (50 V) ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Natural or Forced Natural or Forced
Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
QHHTC* QHATC*

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Reactive Power Solutions

Power factor correction capacitors - Square


Parameter Unit Mini Master / Master
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 100 KVAr
Tolerance 0 – 10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax. VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Max. Permisible Current Imax. Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined
effects of harmonics, over voltages and
capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 200 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
Ambient Temperature 0
C -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Permisible Altitute Max. 4000 M above sea level
Mean Life Expectancy tLD (co) 100000 Hrs
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal
/ Rectangular
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 48, 49
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Base Mounting
Mounting Position Upright
Degree of Protection Safety IP41 Fabricated sheet metal
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHNTM*
* without discharge resister

18
Reactive Power Solutions

Master Plus Champion


IS 13340 / IEC 60831 IS 13340 / IEC 60831
1 – 100 KVAr 1 – 100 KVAr
0 – 10% 0 – 10%
Delta Delta
400 – 525 400 – 525
50 / 60 Hz 50 / 60 Hz

VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily) VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)


VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily) VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily) VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily) VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined effects of harmonics, over Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined effects of
voltages and capacitance) harmonics, over voltages and capacitance)

up to 250 x IR up to 300 x IR

2.15 x UN, 2 Sec. 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.


3600 V AC, 2 Sec. 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.

< 0.2 W/KVAr < 0.2 W/KVAr


< 0.4 W/KVAr < 0.45 W/KVAr

-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C; -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
95% 95%
Max. 4000 M above sea level Max. 4000 M above sea level
130000 Hrs 180000 Hrs

Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal / Rectangular Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal / Rectangular

According to Specification Table Page No. According to Specification Table Page No. 56, 57
Polypropylene Film Polypropylene Film
Soft Resin Soft Resin
Base Mounting Base Mounting
Upright Upright
IP41 Fabricated sheet metal IP41 Fabricated sheet metal

Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector


Resister Resister
≤60 Sec (50 V) ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Natural or Forced Natural or Forced
Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
QHHTM* QHSTM*

19
Reactive Power Solutions

Power factor control component - Anti Harmoni Detuned Filer

Technical Data
Reference Standard IEC 61558 / IS 5553
Tolerance of Inductance ± 3%
V3 = 0.5% VR (duty cycle = 100%)
V5 = 6.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)
Harmonics* V7 = 5.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)
V11 = 3.5% VR (duty cycle = 100%)
V13 = 3.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)
Effective current Irms = (I12+I32 ... I132)
Fundamental current I1 = 1.06 . IR (50 Hz or 60 Hz current of capacitor)
Insulation (winding-core) 3 kV
Temperature protection Microswitch (NC)
Dimensional drawings and terminals See specific datasheets
Three-phase filter reactors to EN 60289 / IEC 61558
Frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz
Voltage 400, 440 V AC
Output 5 … 100 KVAr
Detuning Factors 5.67%, 7%, 14%
Cooling Natural
Ambient temperature 40 °C
Humidity 95%
Insulation class H
Class of protection I
Enclosure IP00
Max. Permissible Attitude Max. 4000M above sea level
Terminals Lugs / Busbar
Design Data
Dimensions According to specification table page no
Weight Approx. According to specification table page no
Safety- All reactors are provided with a sepaerate screw terminal for the temperature switch (opening switch) which is located indisde
the central coil.
Response Temperature 1400C
Voltage 250 V AC (<4A) ... 500 V AC (<2A)
Ordering Code QHDTM*

20
Reactive Power Solutions

Power factor control component -


Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller

Technical Data & Limit Values


Reference Standard IEC 61010-1
Parameters Unit Intelligent Power Factor Controller
Dimension m.m. 144 x 144 x 85
Weight kg. 0.75
Ambient conditions
Operating temperature Range °C –10 °C ... + 60 °C
Storage temperature Range °C –20 °C ... + 65 °C
Mounting position Flush Mounting in Vertical Plane
Protection class IP 54 ( Front)
Operation
Rated Operational Voltage V AC 230 V AC+-20%
Rated Operational Current I 50 mA – 6A (--/5 A Current Transformer)
Network Type Single Phase, 2 Wire
Mains frequency Hz 50 / 60
Power consumption
Current I <2VA
Voltage V <10 VA
Target Power Factor Cos Φ 0.8 < cos Φ <= 1 (Inductive)
Switching Outputs
Capacitor Steps 6,8 , 12 Steps (Max.) + 1 Alarm
Relay Output Contact Max 250 AC, 1000 W
Switching time range 2 Sec. – 30 Min.
Control modes Automatic Bank Selection in accordance to Reactive
Power Compensation
Ordering code QHOSRA*

21
Reactive Power Solutions

-Automatic Power  Factor Correction System

Introduction power factor under certain load conditions, which is unhealthy


Modern Power network cater to a wide variety of electrical and for the installation as it can result in over voltages, saturation of
power electronic loads, which create a varying power demand transformers, mal-operation of diesel generating sets, penalties
on the supply system. It therefore becomes practically difficult by electricity supply authorities etc.
to maintain a consistent power factor by the use of fixed
It is therefore necessary to automatic switching operation of the
compensation i.e. fixed capacitor to be manually switched ON
suitable capacitor depending upon the load fluctuations without
and OFF to suit the variation of the load. This will lead to situation
manual intervention. This compensation is best suited to the load
where the installation can have a low power factor causing higher
requirements.
demand charges and levy of power factor penalties.
It can be achieved by using Automatic Power Factor Correction
In addition to not being able to achieve the desired power
(APFC) System which can maintain consistently high power
factor that the use of fixed compensation can result in leading
factor, without leading power factor operation.

Range
• Output Rating: 6-350 KVAr (Other KVAr rating on request) • IEC 60439-3: Low voltage switchgear and control gear
• Voltage Rating: 440V assemblies. Particular requirements for low-voltage switchgear
and control gear assemblies intended to be installed in places
where unskilled persons have access for their use-Distribution
Ref. Standard
boards.
• IEC 61921/ IS 8623
• IEC 60947: Low Voltage Switchgear
The design of the Low Voltage Power Factor Correction banks
Part 2: Molded Case Circuit Breakers & Air circuit Breakers
and accessories shall comply with the following standards
Part 4: Power Contactors
• IEC60831: Part 1 & 2-Shunt power capacitors of the self
• IEC 60269: LV Fuses
healing type for a.c systems having rated voltage up to and
including 1kV. • IEC 60529: Degree of protection provided by enclosure
• IEC 60044-1: Current transformers.
• IEC 60664-1 / IEC 61326: Power Factor Controller.

22
Reactive Power Solutions
Salient Features
• Higher voltage drops in the distribution network hence poor
• Correction to Unit Power Factor.
performance of electrical equipments resulting in production
• Modular Design which allows easier assembly, installation
loss.
and maintenance by the user.
• Higher voltage fluctuations hence damage to electrical
• Designed to minimize installation time and cost.
equipments resulting in production loss.
• Advanced Microprocessor relay
• The incomer MCCB provided has upto 35 KA fault
Need to correct the poor power factor:
interrupting capability.
If we are able to correct the poor power factor to near unity on
• Manual Capacitor Switching Capability.
all occasions at all loads, we can bring down the kVA demand,
• Indicating light for Capacitor stage display. line losses, increase the utilization of the distribution equipments,
• Industrial Duty, Safety disconnects Metallized dielectric increase the performance of electrical equipments, avoid damages
capacitors, less than 0.2 watts per KVAr losses. to electrical equipments and avoid production losses due to power
• Colour Siemens Grey RAL. related problems. Another major advantage is that unity power
factor not only avoids penalty but also brings in incentive from
• Special cable used hence it can withstand temperature.
Electricity Board for higher power factor. All the above savings in
• Step Switching.
revenue expenditures improves the bottom line of the company
• Capacitor Duty Contactor with dumping resistance. directly adding to the profit. Hence the investment on a good
• Switch option Auto or Manual. power factor correction system will give an attractive payback.
• Bus bar is made of copper. Subsequently the return on the investment will be high.

• Provision of Rotary handle for incomer MCCB.


Various Methods Of Power Factor Correction System
Principle Operation Using Power Capacitors, the poor power factor can be corrected
in the following methods:
• To continuously sense and monitor the load conditions by
the use of the external CT (whose output is fed to the control • By providing fixed value of capacitors to the distribution
relay). network at various points. They will be switched in/out as per
the load manually.
• To automatically switch ON and switch OFF relevant
capacitor steps to ensure consistent power factor.
• To ensure easy user interface for enabling reliable
understanding of system operation, such as display of real
time power factor, number of switching operations carried out
etc.
• To protect against any electrical faults in a manner that
will ensure safe isolation of the power factor correction
equipment.
Disadvantages of having poor power factor are
generally understood as follows:
• More kVA demand for the given kW load and penalty for poor
power factor, hence higher running cost (electricity bill).
• More line current for the given kW load and hence higher
rated transformer, switchgears and cables are required, hence
higher capital cost.
• More the line current for the given kW load and hence higher
losses at the transformer, switchgears and cables, hence
higher running cost.
• More line current for the given kW load- poor utilization of
all electrical distribution network and hence poor return on
investment.

23
Reactive Power Solutions

Technical Data & Limit Values


Details Rating

Power Rating 6-15 KVAr 25-50 KVAr 75-150 KVAr 175-250 KVAr 275-350 KVAr

3 phase 440 V - 20% 3 phase 440 V - 3 phase 440 V - 3 phase 440 V - 3 phase 440 V - 20%
Rated Voltage
to 10% 20% to 10% 20% to 10% 20% to 10% to 10%

Frequency 50Hz +/-3% 50Hz +/-3% 50Hz +/-3% 50Hz +/-3% 50Hz +/-3%

Protection when Voltage


“C Curve” “C Curve” “C Curve” “C Curve” “C Curve”
sensing fails
OC, OV, Under OC, OV, Under OC, OV, Under OC, OV, Under OC, OV, Under
Alarms with relay output
Compensation Compensation Compensation Compensation Compensation

Tolerance in KVAr ± 3.5 ± 3.5 ±7 ±8.75 ±8.75

Corrected PF 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Capacitor Bank ON By indication


By indication lamps By indication lamps By indication lamps By indication lamps
indication lamps
KVAr/ current meter for Optional- ICD
Optional- ICD Make Optional- ICD Make Optional- ICD Make Optional- ICD Make
Capacitor Make
Display of set/ actual
PF and KVAr PF and KVAr PF and KVAr PF and KVAr PF and KVAr
values
20 degree C above 20 degree C above 20 degree C above 20 degree C above 20 degree C above
Panel Temperature Rise
ambient ambient ambient ambient ambient

Panel Enclosure IP20, Force Cooled IP20, Force Cooled IP20, Force Cooled IP20, Force Cooled IP20, Force Cooled

Short Circuit Rating upto 35 kA

105 % Continuous
110 % for 8 Hours Daily
Over Voltage
120 % for 5 Minutes
130% for 1 Minute

Over Current 200 % the Rated Current Continuously

Duty Continuous

Power Supply Three phase, four line

Ambient temperature -5 °C to + 40 °C

Altitude 1000 metres above Sea level

Incomer A three pole MCCB, Using FRLS cable, of adequate section

Internal wiring Cylindrical, dry type three phase units (see table for step ratings)

Capacitors MPP - SH, Normal duty cylinderical with over pressure Disconnector & Discharge Resistor.

Contactors Three pole Capacitor duty contactors of adequate ratings for respective steps

Relay A microprocessor based relay with 4, 8 & 12 output contacts for switching contactors

Having PF indication, built in time delays, and alarm indication for CT reversal apart from the protections
associated with the capacitor itself, there is a thermostat which disconnects the entire panel in the event of
Controller Protection
excessive temperature rise in the enclosure.
As a safety measure, an inter lock is provided so that when the front door is opened, the entire panel will trip.

Installation Indoor, floor mounted in a well-ventilated, non-dusty environment, cable entry from bottom

24
Reactive Power Solutions

GA Drawings 6 - 15 KVAr

R Y B
IPFC Relay

Y2

Volt Meter Amiter


H

MCCB

W
D
Front
Side
D1

X1

B
Bottom

Foundation

Rating B D1 D2 W H X1 Y2
6-12KVAr 552 180 200 600 800 500 700
15KVAr 652 230 250 700 1000 600 900

25
Reactive Power Solutions

GA Drawing 25 to 50 KVAr

R Y B

IPFC Relay

Volt Meter Amiter

MCCB

Side
Front

Bottom

Foundation

26
Reactive Power Solutions

GA Drawing 75 to 350 KVAr

R Y B

IPFC Relay

Volt Meter Amiter

MCCB

Side Front

Bottom

Foundation

Rating A B C D1 D2 W H X1 Y1 Y2
75-150KVAr 351 700 250 230 250 1500 1500 600 100 1400
175-250KVAr 351 700 250 230 250 1500 1750 600 100 1650
275-350KVAr 351 700 250 280 300 1500 2000 600 150 1900

27
Table of Step Rating

Capacitor Step in KVAr with Capacitor Duty Contactor and MCB / MCCB Rating
Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 Step 9 Step 10 Step 11 Step 12

CT Rating

KVAr Rating
Incomer MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB
Capacitor
Contactor
MCCB

/5 C1 CC MC C2 CC MC C3 CC MC C4 CC MC C5 CC MC C6 CC MC C7 CC MC C8 CC MC C9 CC MC C10 CC MC C11 CC MC C12 CC MC

15 40A 50 1 12 6 2 12 6 5 12 10 7 12 16

25 63A 100 1 12 6 1 12 6 2 12 6 3 12 6 3 12 6 4 12 10 5 12 10 7 12 16

50 125A 150 1 12 6 2 12 6 3 12 6 4 12 10 5 12 10 7.5 12 16 12.5 20 25 15 20 32

75 200A 200 1 12 16 1 12 16 2 12 16 3 12 16 3 12 16 4 12 16 5 12 16 7 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 25 50 63

100 250A 300 1 12 16 2 12 16 3 12 16 3 12 16 4 12 16 5 12 16 7 12 16 7.5 12 16 10 20 25 12.5 20 25 20 30 63 25 50 63

125 315A 300 1 12 16 1 12 16 2 12 16 3 12 16 4 12 16 7.5 12 16 10 20 25 12.5 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

150 400A 400 1 12 16 2 12 16 3 12 16 5 12 16 7.5 12 16 10 20 25 12.5 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

175 500A 450 1 12 16 2 12 16 5 12 16 10 20 25 12.5 20 25 15 20 32 15 20 32 20 30 63 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

200 500A 500 3 12 16 5 12 16 7.5 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 20 30 63 20 20 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

225 630A 600 3 12 16 7.5 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

250 630A 600 5 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63

275 800A 800 3 12 16 5 12 16 7 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 15 20 32 20 30 32 25 50 63 25 50 63 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125

300 800A 800 3 12 16 5 12 16 7 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125

325 800A 800 5 12 16 7 12 16 12.5 20 25 15 20 32 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125

350 800A 800 5 12 16 10 20 25 15 20 32 20 30 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 25 50 63 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125 50 50 125

28
Reactive Power Solutions
Reactive Power Solutions

Ordering Information
Panel size
Description- With Normal Duty(Hercules) Capacitor Product Code
W X H X D in mm
6 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5006X0
9 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5009X0 600 X 800 X 200
12 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5012X0
15 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5015X0 700 X 1000 X 250
25 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5025X0
1050 X 1000 X 250
50 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5050X0
75 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5075X0
100 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5100X0
1500 X 1500 X 250
125 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5125X0
150 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5150X0
175 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5175X0
200 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5200X0
1500 X 1750 X 250
225 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5225X0
250 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5250X0
275 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5275X0
300 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5300X0
1500 X 2000 X 300
325 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5325X0
350 KVAr/ 440V Standard APFC Panel ND QHCTRB5350X0
Description- With Heavy Duty(Phantom) Capacitor
6 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5006X0
9 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5009X0 600 X 800 X 200
12 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5012X0
15 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5015X0 700 X 1000 X 250
25 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5025X0
1050 X 1000 X 250
50 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5050X0
75 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5075X0
100 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5100X0
1500 X 1500 X 250
125 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5125X0
150 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5150X0
175 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5175X0
200 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5200X0
1500 X 1750 X 250
225 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5225X0
250 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5250X0
275 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5275X0
300 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5300X0
1500 X 2000 X 300
325 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5325X0
350 KVAr /440V Standard APFC Panel HD QHKTRB5350X0

Note: Manual version also available

29
Reactive Power Solutions

TORRENT
Cylindrical PFC Capacitor

Hercules Three Phase PFC Capacitors - Normal Duty


Non PCB, Soft Resin Impregnated • Stacked Winding • Tripple Safety System

General
Hercules capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from
Havells which have been used for PFC applications for more than 7 years
The power range varies from 1.0 to 30.0 KVAr.
The Hercules capacitor is used for power factor correction in industrial applications.

Applications
• Power Factor Correction (PFC) • Automatic capacitor banks • Fixed PFC applications, e.g. motor compensation
• Detuned PFC systems • Dynamic PFC systems • Filter Application

Features
• Compact design in cylindrical aluminum can with stud • Stacked winding • MPP technology
• Voltage range 400 … 525 V • Output range 1.0 … 30.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 100000 hours • Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 200 x IR

Mechanical and maintenance


• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume • Maintenance-free

Safety
• Self-healing • Overpressure disconnector • Shock hazard protected optimized capacitor safety terminals above 6KVAr

30
Reactive Power Solutions

TORRENT - Soft resin impregnated • Stacked winding • Tripple Safety System


Parameter Unit Hercules
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 30 KVAr
Tolerance 0 –10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax.
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined
Max. Permisible Current Imax. effects of harmonics, over voltages and
capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 200 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
Ambient Temperature 0
C
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Max. Permisible Altitute 4000 M above sea level
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Aluminium / Cylindrical
Dimensions According to specification table page no. 33, 34
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Threaded Bolt M8 / M12
Max. Tourque for Fixing Nm 4 Nm / 10 Nm
Upright. Horizontal mounting with additional
Mounting Position
head support possible.
Terminals Upto 5KVAr fast on and above clamp
Degree of Protection Safety IP20 optional IP54
Max. Tourque for Connection Terminals (6 KVAr and above) Nm 2.5 Nm
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHNTC*
Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

* Without Discharge Resister

31
Reactive Power Solutions

TORRENT
Technical data, specifications & dimensional drawing of plastic top capacitor series up to 5 KVAr

Diameter D (Ø) 50 / 63.5 / 68mm


Expansion µ max. 12 mm

Mounting
M 12 M8
(Ø 63.5 mm / 68 mm) (Ø 50 mm)
Torque T = 10 Nm T = 4 Nm
Toothed Washer 12.5 8.0
Hex nut 12 8
12+1

Technical data, specifications & dimensional drawing of Metal top capacitor series above 5 KVAr

Diameter D1 (Ø) 79.5 mm / 89.5 mm / 94.5 mm


Diameter D (Ø) 75.0 mm / 85.0 mm / 90 mm
Expansion µ max. 13 mm

Mounting
M 12
Torque T = 10 Nm
Toothed Washer 12.5
Hex nut 12

Terminal Cover for IP 54

32
Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (Normal Duty)


Current Current Capacitance D H Pack
KVAr KVAr Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) (mm) (mm) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 400 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.6 50 157 16 QHNTCQ5001X0
2 2.9 2.4 3.5 13.3 50 157 16 QHNTCQ5002X0
2.5 3.6 3 4.3 16.6 50 157 16 QHNTCQ5002X5
3 4.3 3.6 5.2 19.9 50 157 16 QHNTCQ5003X0
4 5.8 4.8 6.9 26.5 50 157 16 QHNTCQ5004X0
5 7.2 6 8.7 33.2 63.5 157 16 QHNTCQ5005X0
6 8.7 7.2 10.4 39.8 75 165 8 QHNTCQ5006X0
7 10.1 8.4 12.1 46.4 75 165 8 QHNTCQ5007X0
7.5 10.8 9 13 49.7 75 165 8 QHNTCQ5007X5
10 14.4 12 17.3 66.3 75 195 8 QHNTCQ5010X0
12.5 18 15 21.7 82.9 85 195 8 QHNTCQ5012X5
15 21.7 18 26 99.5 85 195 8 QHNTCQ5015X0
20 28.9 24 34.6 132.6 85 270 4 QHNTCQ5020X0
25 36.1 30 43.3 165.8 85 270 4 QHNTCQ5025X0
Rated Voltage 415 V AC
1.0 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 50 157 16 QHNTCB5001X0
2.0 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 50 157 16 QHNTCB5002X0
2.5 3.5 3.0 4.2 15.4 50 157 16 QHNTCB5002X5
3.0 4.2 3.6 5.0 18.5 50 157 16 QHNTCB5003X0
4.0 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 50 157 16 QHNTCB5004X0
5.0 7.0 6.0 8.3 30.8 63.5 157 16 QHNTCB5005X0
6.0 8.3 7.2 10.0 37.0 75 195 8 QHNTCB5006X0
7.0 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 75 195 8 QHNTCB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9.0 12.5 46.2 75 195 8 QHNTCB5007X5
10.0 13.9 12.0 16.7 61.6 75 195 8 QHNTCB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15.0 20.9 77.0 85 270 8 QHNTCB5012X5
15.0 20.9 18.0 25.0 92.4 85 270 8 QHNTCB5015X0
20.0 27.8 24.0 33.4 123.2 85 345 4 QHNTCB5020X0
25.0 34.8 30.0 41.7 154.0 85 345 4 QHNTCB5025X0
Rated Voltage 440 V AC
1.0 1.3 1.2 1.6 5.5 50 157 16 QHNTCC5001X0
2.0 2.6 2.4 3.1 11.0 50 157 16 QHNTCC5002X0
2.5 3.3 3.0 3.9 13.7 50 157 16 QHNTCC5002X5
3.0 3.9 3.6 4.7 16.4 50 157 16 QHNTCC5003X0
4.0 5.2 4.8 6.3 21.9 50 157 16 QHNTCC5004X0
5.0 6.6 6.0 7.9 27.4 63.5 157 16 QHNTCC5005X0
6.0 7.9 7.2 9.4 32.9 75 165 8 QHNTCC5006X0
7.0 9.2 8.4 11.0 38.4 75 195 8 QHNTCC5007X0
7.5 9.8 9.0 11.8 41.1 75 195 8 QHNTCC5007X5
8.0 10.5 9.6 12.6 43.8 75 195 8 QHNTCC5008X0
10.0 13.1 12.0 15.7 54.8 75 195 8 QHNTCC5010X0
12.5 16.4 15.0 19.7 68.5 85 195 8 QHNTCC5012X5
15.0 19.7 18.0 23.6 82.2 85 270 4 QHNTCC5015X0
20.0 26.2 24.0 31.5 109.6 85 270 4 QHNTCC5020X0
25.0 32.8 30.0 39.4 137.0 85 345 4 QHNTCC5025X0

33
Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (Normal Duty)

Current Current Capacitance D H Pack


KVAr KVAr Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) (mm) (mm) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 480 V AC
1.0 1.2 1.2 1.4 4.6 50 157 16 QHNTCD5001X0
2.0 2.4 2.4 2.9 9.2 50 157 16 QHNTCD5002X0
2.5 3.0 3.0 3.6 11.5 50 157 16 QHNTCD5002X5
3.0 3.6 3.6 4.3 13.8 50 157 16 QHNTCD5003X0
4.0 4.8 4.8 5.8 18.4 63.5 157 16 QHNTCD5004X0
5.0 6.0 6.0 7.2 23.0 63.5 157 16 QHNTCD5005X0
6.0 7.2 7.2 8.7 27.6 75 165 8 QHNTCD5006X0
7.0 8.4 8.4 10.1 32.2 75 195 8 QHNTCD5007X0
7.5 9.0 9.0 10.8 34.5 75 195 8 QHNTCD5007X5
8.0 9.6 9.6 11.5 36.8 75 195 8 QHNTCD5008X0
10.0 12.0 12.0 14.4 46.0 85 270 8 QHNTCD5010X0
12.5 15.0 15.0 18.0 57.6 85 270 8 QHNTCD5012X5
15.0 18.0 18.0 21.7 69.1 85 270 4 QHNTCD5015X0
20.0 24.1 24.0 28.9 92.1 90 270 4 QHNTCD5020X0
25.0 30.1 30.0 36.1 115.1 85 345 4 QHNTCD5025X0
30.0 36.1 36.0 43.3 138.1 90 345 4 QHNTCD5030X0
Rated Voltage 525 V AC
1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 3.8 50 157 16 QHNTCF5001X0
2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 7.7 50 157 16 QHNTCF5002X0
2.5 2.7 3.0 3.3 9.6 50 157 16 QHNTCF5002X5
3.0 3.3 3.6 4.0 11.5 50 157 16 QHNTCF5003X0
4.0 4.4 4.8 5.3 15.4 63.5 157 16 QHNTCF5004X0
5.0 5.5 6.0 6.6 19.2 63.5 157 16 QHNTCF5005X0
6.0 6.6 7.2 7.9 23.1 75 195 8 QHNTCF5006X0
7.0 7.7 8.4 9.2 26.9 75 195 8 QHNTCF5007X0
7.5 8.2 9.0 9.9 28.9 75 195 8 QHNTCF5007X5
8.0 8.8 9.6 10.6 30.8 75 195 8 QHNTCF5008X0
10.0 11.0 12.0 13.2 38.5 75 195 8 QHNTCF5010X0
12.5 13.7 15.0 16.5 48.1 85 195 8 QHNTCF5012X5
15.0 16.5 18.0 19.8 57.7 85 270 8 QHNTCF5015X0
20.0 22.0 24.0 26.4 77.0 85 270 4 QHNTCF5020X0
25.0 27.5 30.0 33.0 96.2 90 270 4 QHNTCF5025X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.
Note:
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Hercules –type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher
Replace X with E for export orders.

34
Reactive Power Solutions

35
Reactive Power Solutions

Cylindrical PFC Capacitor

Phantom Three Phase PFC Capacitors (Heavy Duty)


Non PCB Soft Resin Impregnated • Stacked Winding • Tripple Safety System

General
Phantom capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from Havells which have been used for PFC applications for more
than 7 years. The power range varies from 1.0 to 25.0 KVAr. The Phantom capacitor is used for power factor correction in industrial
applications where some amount of harmonics are presents.

Applications
• Power Factor Correction (PFC) • Automatic capacitor banks • Fixed PFC applications, e.g. motor compensation
• Detuned PFC systems • Dynamic PFC systems • Filter Application

Features
• Compact design in cylindrical aluminum can with stud • Stacked winding • MPP technology • Voltage range 400 … 525 V
• Output range 1.0 … 25.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 130000 hours
• Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 250 x IR

Mechanical and maintenance


• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume • Maintenance-free

Safety
• Self-healing • Overpressure disconnector • Shock hazard protected optimized capacitor safety terminals above 6KVAr

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Reactive Power Solutions

- Soft resin impregnated • Stacked winding • Tripple Safety System


Parameter Unit Phantom
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 25 KVAr
Tolerance 0 –10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax.
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl.
Max. Permisible Current Imax. combined effects of harmonics,
over voltages and capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 250 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
Ambient Temperature 0
C
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Max. Permisible Altitute 4000 M above sea level
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Aluminium / Cylindrical
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 39, 40
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Threaded Bolt M8 / M12
Max. Tourque for Fixing Nm 4 Nm / 10 Nm
Upright. Horizontal mounting with
Mounting Position
additional head support Possible.
Terminals Upto 5KVAr fast on and above clamp
Degree of Protection Safety IP20 optional IP54
Max. Tourque for Connection Terminals (6 KVAr and above) Nm 2.5 Nm
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHHTC*

Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

* Without Discharge Resister

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Reactive Power Solutions

Technical data, specifications & dimensional drawing of plastic top capacitor


series up to 5 KVAr

Diameter D (Ø) 50 / 63.5 / 68mm


Expansion µ max. 12 mm

Mounting
M 12 M8
(Ø 63.5 mm / 68 mm) (Ø 50 mm)
Torque T = 10 Nm T = 4 Nm
Toothed Washer 12.5 8.0
Hex nut 12 8
12+1

Technical data, specifications & dimensional drawing of Metal top capacitor series above 5 KVAr

Diameter D1 (Ø) 79.5 mm / 89.5 mm / 94.5 mm


Diameter D (Ø) 75.0 mm / 85.0 mm / 90 mm
Expansion µ max. 13 mm

Mounting
M 12
Torque T = 10 Nm
Toothed Washer 12.5
Hex nut 12

Terminal Cover for IP 54

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Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (Heavy Duty)


Current Current Capacitance D H Pack
KVAr KVAr Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) (mm) (mm) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 400 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.6 50 157 16 QHHTCQ5001X0
2 2.9 2.4 3.5 13.3 50 157 16 QHHTCQ5002X0
2.5 3.6 3 4.3 16.6 50 157 16 QHHTCQ5002X5
3 4.3 3.6 5.2 19.9 63.5 157 16 QHHTCQ5003X0
4 5.8 4.8 6.9 26.5 63.5 157 16 QHHTCQ5004X0
5 7.2 6 8.7 33.2 63.5 157 16 QHHTCQ5005X0
6 8.7 7.2 10.4 39.8 75 195 8 QHHTCQ5006X0
7 10.1 8.4 12.1 46.4 75 195 8 QHHTCQ5007X0
7.5 10.8 9 13 49.7 75 195 8 QHHTCQ5007X5
8.0 11.5 9.6 13.9 53.0 75 195 8 QHHTCQ5008X0
10 14.4 12 17.3 66.3 85 270 8 QHHTCQ5010X0
12.5 18 15 21.7 82.9 85 270 8 QHHTCQ5012X5
15 21.7 18 26 99.5 85 270 8 QHHTCQ5015X0
20 28.9 24 34.6 132.6 85 345 4 QHHTCQ5020X0
25 36.1 30 43.3 165.8 85 345 4 QHHTCQ5025X0
Rated Voltage 415 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 50 157 16 QHHTCB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 50 157 16 QHHTCB5002X0
2.5 3.5 3 4.2 15.4 50 157 16 QHHTCB5002X5
3 4.2 3.6 5.0 18.5 63.5 157 16 QHHTCB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 63.5 157 16 QHHTCB5004X0
5 7.0 6 8.3 30.8 63.5 157 16 QHHTCB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10.0 37.0 75 195 8 QHHTCB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 75 195 8 QHHTCB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 85 195 8 QHHTCB5007X5
8.0 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 85 195 8 QHHTCB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 85 270 4 QHHTCB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77.0 85 270 4 QHHTCB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25.0 92.4 85 270 4 QHHTCB5015X0
20 27.8 24 33.4 123.2 85 345 4 QHHTCB5020X0
25 34.8 30.0 41.7 154.0 85 345 4 QHHTCB5025X0
Rated Voltage 440 V AC
1 1.3 1.2 1.6 5.5 50 157 16 QHHTCC5001X0
2 2.6 2.4 3.1 11.0 50 157 16 QHHTCC5002X0
2.5 3.3 3 3.9 13.7 50 157 16 QHHTCC5002X5
3 3.9 3.6 4.7 16.4 63.5 157 16 QHHTCC5003X0
4 5.2 4.8 6.3 21.9 63.5 157 16 QHHTCC5004X0
5 6.6 6 7.9 27.4 68 157 16 QHHTCC5005X0
6 7.9 7.2 9.4 32.9 75 195 8 QHHTCC5006X0
7 9.2 8.4 11.0 38.4 75 195 8 QHHTCC5007X0
7.5 9.8 9 11.8 41.1 75 195 8 QHHTCC5007X5
8.0 10.5 9.6 12.6 43.8 75 195 8 QHHTCC5008X0
10 13.1 12 15.7 54.8 85 270 8 QHHTCC5010X0
12.5 16.4 15 19.7 68.5 85 270 4 QHHTCC5012X5
15 19.7 18 23.6 82.2 85 270 4 QHHTCC5015X0
20 26.2 24 31.5 109.6 85 345 4 QHHTCC5020X0
25 32.8 30.0 39.4 137.0 90 345 4 QHHTCC5025X0
39
Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (heavy duty)


Current Current Capacitance D H Pack
KVAr KVAr Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) (mm) (mm) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 480 V AC
1 1.2 1.2 1.4 4.6 50 157 16 QHHTCD5001X0
2 2.4 2.4 2.9 9.2 50 157 16 QHHTCD5002X0
2.5 3.0 3 3.6 11.5 50 157 16 QHHTCD5002X5
3 3.6 3.6 4.3 13.8 63.5 157 16 QHHTCD5003X0
4 4.8 4.8 5.8 18.4 63.5 157 16 QHHTCD5004X0
5 6.0 6 7.2 23.0 68 157 16 QHHTCD5005X0
6 7.2 7.2 8.7 27.6 75 195 8 QHHTCD5006X0
7 8.4 8.4 10.1 32.2 75 195 8 QHHTCD5007X0
7.5 9.0 9 10.8 34.5 75 195 8 QHHTCD5007X5
8.0 9.6 9.6 11.5 36.8 75 195 8 QHHTCD5008X0
10 12.0 12 14.4 46.0 85 270 8 QHHTCD5010X0
12.5 15.0 15 18.0 57.6 85 270 4 QHHTCD5012X5
15 18.0 18 21.7 69.1 85 270 4 QHHTCD5015X0
20 24.1 24 28.9 92.1 85 345 4 QHHTCD5020X0
25 30.1 30.0 36.1 115.1 90 345 4 QHHTCD5025X0
Rated Voltage 525 V AC
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 3.8 50 157 16 QHHTCF5001X0
2 2.2 2.4 2.6 7.7 50 157 16 QHHTCF5002X0
2.5 2.7 3 3.3 9.6 50 157 16 QHHTCF5002X5
3 3.3 3.6 4.0 11.5 63.5 157 16 QHHTCF5003X0
4 4.4 4.8 5.3 15.4 63.5 157 16 QHHTCF5004X0
5 5.5 6 6.6 19.2 63.5 187 16 QHHTCF5005X0
6 6.6 7.2 7.9 23.1 75 195 8 QHHTCF5006X0
7 7.7 8.4 9.2 26.9 75 195 8 QHHTCF5007X0
7.5 8.2 9 9.9 28.9 75 195 8 QHHTCF5007X5
8.0 8.8 9.6 10.6 30.8 85 195 8 QHHTCF5008X0
10 11.0 12 13.2 38.5 85 270 8 QHHTCF5010X0
12.5 13.7 15 16.5 48.1 85 270 4 QHHTCF5012X5
15 16.5 18 19.8 57.7 85 270 4 QHHTCF5015X0
20 22.0 24 26.4 77.0 90 270 4 QHHTCF5020X0
25 27.5 30.0 33.0 96.2 90 345 4 QHHTCF5025X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.
Note:
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Phantom – Type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher
Replace X with E for export orders.

40
Reactive Power Solutions

41
Reactive Power Solutions

Cylindrical PFC Capacitor

Agri Boost Three Phase PFC Capacitors


Non PCB Soft Resin Impregnated • Stacked Winding • Tripple Safety System

General
Agri Boost capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from Havells which have been used for PFC
applications for more than 7 years. The power range varies from 1.0 to 15.0 KVAr.
The Agri Boost capacitor is used for power factor correction.

Applications
• Agriculture Use

Features
• Compact design in cylindrical aluminum can with stud • Stacked winding • MPP technology • Voltage range 415 V
• Output range 1.0 … 15.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 100000 hours • Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 200 x IR

Mechanical and maintenance


• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume • Maintenance-free

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Reactive Power Solutions

- Soft resin impregnated • Stacked winding • Tripple Safety System

Parameter Unit Agri Boost


Reference Standard IS 13340
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 15 KVAr
Tolerance 0 –10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 415 – 440
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax.
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl.
Max. Permisible Current Imax. combined effects of harmonics,
over voltages and capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 200 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 1.75 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
-25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
Ambient Temperature 0
C
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Max. Permisible Altitute 4000 M above sea level
Mean Life Expectancy tLD (co) 100000 Hrs
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Aluminium / Cylindrical
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 44
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Threaded Bolt M8 / M12
Upright. Horizontal mounting with
Mounting Position
additional head support Possible.
Terminals Wire Terminal
Degree of Protection Safety IP54
Max. Tourque for Connection Terminals (6 KVAr and above) Nm
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHATC*
Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

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Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor


Current Current Capacitance D H Pack
KVAr KVAr Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) (mm) (mm) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 415 V AC (Normal Duty)
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 40 157 16 QHATCB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 40 157 16 QHATCB5002X0
3 4.2 3.6 5 18.5 50 157 16 QHATCB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 50 157 16 QHATCB5004X0
5 7 6 8.3 30.8 50 157 16 QHATCB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10 37 63.5 157 16 QHATCB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 63.5 157 16 QHATCB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 63.5 157 16 QHATCB5007X5
8 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 63.5 157 16 QHATCB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 68 192 16 QHATCB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77 85 192 8 QHATCB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25 92.4 85 192 8 QHATCB5015X0
Rated Voltage 415 V AC (Heavy Duty)
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 40 157 16 QHITCB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 50 157 16 QHITCB5002X0
3 4.2 3.6 5 18.5 63.5 157 16 QHITCB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 63.5 157 16 QHITCB5004X0
5 7 6 8.3 30.8 68 157 16 QHITCB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10 37 63 192 16 QHITCB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 68 192 16 QHITCB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 68 192 16 QHITCB5007X5
8 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 75 192 8 QHITCB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 85 192 8 QHITCB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77 85 270 4 QHITCB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25 92.4 85 270 4 QHITCB5015X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.
Note:
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Agri Boost – Type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher

44
Reactive Power Solutions

Havells easy way to perform energy consumption studies –


Harmonic Analysis
For finding energy waste in commercial, factory buildings and equipment through energy consumption studies and electrical load analysis
and perform power quality logging and analysis according to IEEE 519 – 1992 IEEE Recommended Practices & Requirements for
Harmonic Control in Electrical Power System.
Electronic equipment study measures virtually every power system parameter: voltage, current, frequency, power, energy consumption,
cos f or power factor, unbalance, and harmonics and inter-harmonics.

Load studies and energy assessments


• Monitor maximum power demand over user-defined averaging
periods
• Demonstrate the benefit of efficiency improvements with
energy consumption tests
• Measure harmonic distortion caused by electronic loads
• Analyze reliability problems by capturing voltage dips and
swells from load switching
• Showcase events like dips and swells, interruptions and rapid
voltage changes, based upon ½ cycle rms values.
• Meets the stringent 600 V CAT IV, 1000 V CAT III safety
standard required for measurements at service entrance

Analyze every parameter on display

The System-Monitor overview screen gives instant customize measurement selections and provides analysis of
insight into whether the voltage, harmonics, frequency, user-selectable parameters to find intermittent problems or
and the number of dips and swells fall outside the set relate PQ issues to other phenomena/events.
limits.provides analysis of user-selectable parameters to
find intermittent problems or relate PQ issues to other
phenomena/events.

Graph shows voltage and current unbalance, and helps


Measure and record power (W), VA and VARs. verify connections

For queries & price offer on harmonic analysis, please e-mail: marketing@havells.com or contact our nearest sales offices.
45
Reactive Power Solutions

Square Cap PFC Capacitor

Mini Master / Master Three Phase PFC Capacitors (Normal Duty)


Non PCB Soft Resin Impregnated • Modular Construction • Tripple Safety System

General
Mini Master / Master capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from Havells which have been used for PFC
applications for more than 7 years. The power range varies from 1.0 to 30.0 KVAr.
The Mini Master / Master capacitor is used for power factor correction in industrial applications.

Applications
• Power Factor Correction (PFC) • Automatic capacitor banks • Fixed PFC applications, e.g. motor compensation
• Detuned PFC systems • Dynamic PFC systems • Filter Application

Features
• Compact design in powder coated MS enclosure with base mounting facility • Modular Construction • MPP technology
• Voltage range 400 … 525 V • Output range 1.0 … 100.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 100000 hours • Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 200 x IR

Mechanical and maintenance


• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume • Maintenance-free

Safety
• Self-healing shield • Overpressure disconnector shield • Notch shield

46
Reactive Power Solutions

Square PFC capacitor series for power factor correction


Parameter Unit Mini Master / Master
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 100 KVAr
Tolerance 0 – 10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax. VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Max. Permisible Current Imax. Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined
effects of harmonics, over voltages and
capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 200 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
Ambient Temperature 0
C -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Permisible Altitute Max. 4000 M above sea level
Mean Life Expectancy tLD (co) 100000 Hrs
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal
/ Rectangular
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 48, 49
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Base Mounting
Mounting Position Upright
Degree of Protection Safety IP41 Fabricated sheet metal
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHNTM*
Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

* Without Discharge Resister

47
Reactive Power Solutions

Technical Data, Specifications & Dimensional Drawing

A1 D A2

A3

Dimensions in (mm)
Frame Size A1 A2 A3 D H
B00 120 132 144 50 180
B0 155 167 179 60 225
B1 195 217 239 75 290
B2 220 242 264 80 290
B3 220 242 264 160 300

D A1 A2
A3
Dimensions in (mm)

KVAr Bank Rating A1 A2 A3 D H K

50 25 X 2 nos 220 242 264 320 325 410

75 25 X 3 nos 220 242 264 480 325 570

100 25 X 4 nos 220 242 264 640 390 725

48
Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (Normal Duty)


Current Current Capacitance Pack
KVAr KVAr Frame Size Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 415 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 B00 30 QHNTMB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 B00 30 QHNTMB5002X0
3 4.2 3.6 5 18.5 B0 24 QHNTMB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 B0 24 QHNTMB5004X0
5 7 6 8.3 30.8 B0 24 QHNTMB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10 37 B1 1 QHNTMB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 B1 1 QHNTMB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 B1 1 QHNTMB5007X5
8 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 B1 1 QHNTMB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 B1 1 QHNTMB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77 B2 1 QHNTMB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25 92.4 B2 1 QHNTMB5015X0
20 27.8 24 33.4 (2 X 61.6) B3 1 QHNTMB5020X0
25 34.8 30 41.7 (2 X 77.0) B3 1 QHNTMB5025X0
30 41.7 36 50.1 (2 X 92.4) B3 1 QHNTCB5030X0
50 69.6 60 83.5 (4 X 77.0) 25 X 2 NOS** 1 QHNTMB5050X0
75 104.3 90 125.2 (6 X 77.0) 25 X 3 NOS** 1 QHNTMB5075X0
100 139.1 120 166.9 (8 X 77.0) 25 X 4 NOS** 1 QHNTMB5100X0
Rated Voltage 440 V AC
1 1.3 1.2 1.6 5.5 B00 30 QHNTMC5001X0
2 2.6 2.4 3.1 11 B00 30 QHNTMC5002X0
3 3.9 3.6 4.7 16.4 B0 24 QHNTMC5003X0
4 5.2 4.8 6.3 21.9 B0 24 QHNTMC5004X0
5 6.6 6 7.9 27.4 B0 24 QHNTMC5005X0
6 7.9 7.2 9.4 32.9 B1 1 QHNTMC5006X0
7 9.2 8.4 11 38.4 B1 1 QHNTMC5007X0
7.5 9.8 9 11.8 41.1 B1 1 QHNTMC5007X5
8 10.5 9.6 12.6 43.8 B1 1 QHNTMC5008X0
10 13.1 12 15.7 54.8 B1 1 QHNTMC5010X0
12.5 16.4 15 19.7 68.5 B2 1 QHNTMC5012X5
15 19.7 18 23.6 82.2 B2 1 QHNTMC5015X0
20 26.2 24 31.5 (2 X 54.8) B3 1 QHNTMC5020X0
25 32.8 30 39.4 (2 X 68.5) B3 1 QHNTMC5025X0
30 39.4 36 47.2 (2 X 82.2) B3 1 QHNTMC5030X0
50 65.6 60 78.7 (4 X 68.5) 25 X 2 NOS** 1 QHNTMC5050X0
75 98.4 90 118.1 (6 X 68.5) 25 X 3 NOS** 1 QHNTMC5075X0
100 131.2 120 157.5 (8 X 68.5) 25 X 4 NOS** 1 QHNTMC5100X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.

Note:
QHNTW is with wire terminal & QHNTM is with bolt terminal.
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Minimaster & Master – Type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher

49
Reactive Power Solutions

CHAMP
Square Cap PFC Capacitor

Master Plus Three Phase PFC Capacitors (Heavy Duty)


Non PCB Soft Resin Impregnated • Modular Construction • Tripple Safety System

General
Master Plus capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from Havells which have been used for PFC applications for
more than 7 years. The power range varies from 1.0 to 100.0 KVAr.
The Master Plus capacitor is used for power factor correction in industrial applications.

Applications
• Power Factor Correction (PFC) • Automatic capacitor banks • Fixed PFC applications, e.g. motor compensation
• Detuned PFC systems • Dynamic PFC systems • Filter Application

Features
• Compact design in powder coated MS enclosure with base mounting facility • Modular Construction • MPP technology
• Voltage range 400 … 525 V • Output range 1.0 … 100.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 130000 hours • Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 250 x IR
• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume
• Maintenance-free

Safety
• Self-healing shield • Overpressure disconnector shield • Notch shield

50
Reactive Power Solutions

CHAMP Square PFC capacitor series for power factor correction


Parameter Unit Master Plus
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 100 KVAr
Tolerance 0 – 10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax. VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Max. Permisible Current Imax. Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined effects of
harmonics, over voltages and capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 250 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.4 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
Ambient Temperature 0
C -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Permisible Altitute Max. 4000 M above sea level
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal / Rectangular
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 52, 53
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Base Mounting
Mounting Position Upright
Degree of Protection Safety IP41 Fabricated sheet metal
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHHTM*
Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

* Without Discharge Resister

51
Reactive Power Solutions

CHAMP
Technical Data, Specifications & Dimensional Drawing

A1 D A2

A3

Dimensions in (mm)
Frame Size A1 A2 A3 D H
B00 120 132 144 50 180
B0 155 167 179 60 225
B1 195 217 239 75 290
B2 220 242 264 80 290
B3 220 242 264 160 300

D A1 A2
A3
Dimensions in (mm)

KVAr Bank Rating A1 A2 A3 D H K

50 25 X 2 nos 220 242 264 320 325 410

75 25 X 3 nos 220 242 264 480 325 570

100 25 X 4 nos 220 242 264 640 390 725

52
Reactive Power Solutions

CHAMP
Three phase power capacitor (Heavy Duty)
Current Current Capacitance Pack
KVAr KVAr Frame Size Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 415 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 B00 30 QHHTMB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 B00 30 QHHTMB5002X0
3 4.2 3.6 5 18.5 B0 24 QHHTMB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 B0 24 QHHTMB5004X0
5 7 6 8.3 30.8 B1 24 QHHTMB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10 37 B1 1 QHHTMB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 B1 1 QHHTMB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 B1 1 QHHTMB5007X5
8 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 B1 1 QHHTMB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 B2 1 QHHTMB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77 B2 1 QHHTMB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25 92.4 B2 1 QHHTMB5015X0
20 27.8 24 33.4 (2 X 61.6) B3 1 QHHTMB5020X0
25 34.8 30 41.7 (2 X 77.0) B3 1 QHHTMB5025X0
30 41.7 36 50.1 (2 X 92.4) B3 1 QHHTCB5030X0
50 69.6 60 83.5 (4 X 77.0) 25 X 2 NOS** 1 QHHTMB5050X0
75 104.3 90 125.2 (6 X 77.0) 25 X 3 NOS** 1 QHHTMB5075X0
100 139.1 120 166.9 (8 X 77.0) 25 X 4 NOS** 1 QHHTMB5100X0
Rated Voltage 440 V AC
1 1.3 1.2 1.6 5.5 B00 30 QHHTMC5001X0
2 2.6 2.4 3.1 11 B00 30 QHHTMC5002X0
3 3.9 3.6 4.7 16.4 B0 24 QHHTMC5003X0
4 5.2 4.8 6.3 21.9 B0 24 QHHTMC5004X0
5 6.6 6 7.9 27.4 B1 24 QHHTMC5005X0
6 7.9 7.2 9.4 32.9 B1 1 QHHTMC5006X0
7 9.2 8.4 11 38.4 B1 1 QHHTMC5007X0
7.5 9.8 9 11.8 41.1 B1 1 QHHTMC5007X5
8 10.5 9.6 12.6 43.8 B1 1 QHHTMC5008X0
10 13.1 12 15.7 54.8 B2 1 QHHTMC5010X0
12.5 16.4 15 19.7 68.5 B2 1 QHHTMC5012X5
15 19.7 18 23.6 82.2 B2 1 QHHTMC5015X0
20 26.2 24 31.5 (2 X 54.8) B3 1 QHHTMC5020X0
25 32.8 30 39.4 (2 X 68.5) B3 1 QHHTMC5025X0
30 39.4 36 47.2 (2 X 82.2) B3 1 QHHTMC5030X0
50 65.6 60 78.7 (4 X 68.5) 25 X 2 NOS** 1 QHHTMC5050X0
75 98.4 90 118.1 (6 X 68.5) 25 X 3 NOS** 1 QHHTMC5075X0
100 131.2 120 157.5 (8 X 68.5) 25 X 4 NOS** 1 QHHTMC5100X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.
Note:
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Master Plus – Type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher

53
Reactive Power Solutions

Square Cap PFC Capacitor

Champion Three Phase PFC Capacitors


(Super Heavy Duty-Double Dielectric)
Soft Resin Impregnated • Modular Construction • Tripple Safety System

General
Champion capacitors are MPP (metalized polypropylene) capacitors from Havells which have been used for PFC applications for more
than 7 years. The power range varies from 1.0 to 100.0 KVAr.
The Champion capacitor is used for power factor correction in industrial applications.

Applications
• Power Factor Correction (PFC) • Automatic capacitor banks • Fixed PFC applications, e.g. motor compensation
• Detuned PFC systems • Dynamic PFC systems• Filter Application

Features
• Compact design in square MS enclosure with base mounting facility • Modular Construction • MPP technology
• Double Dielectric • Voltage range 400 … 525 V • Output range 1.0 … 100.0 KVAr

Electrical
• Long life expectancy of up to 180000 hours • Max. transient inrush current handling capability is 300 x IR

Mechanical and maintenance


• Reduced mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Low weight and compact volume
• Maintenance-free

Safety
• Self-healing shield • Overpressure disconnector shield • Notch shield

54
Reactive Power Solutions

Square PFC capacitor series for power factor correction (Super heavy duty)
Parameter Unit Champion
Reference Standard IS 13340 / IEC 60831
Power (Rated Capacitance) Qn 1 – 100 KVAr
Tolerance 0 – 10%
Connection Delta
Rated voltage VR 400 – 525
Rated Frequency fR 50 / 60 Hz
Max. Ratings
Max. Permisible Voltage Vmax. VR + 10 % (up to 8 h daily)
VR + 15 % (up to 30 min daily)
VR + 20 % (up to 5 min daily)
VR + 30 % (up to 1 min daily)
Max. Permisible Current Imax. Up to 1.3 x IR (up to 1.5 x IR incl. combined effects of
harmonics, over voltages and capacitance)
Max. Transient Inrush Current Handling Capacity IS up to 300 x IR
Test Data
AC Test Voltage Terminal to Terminal VTT 2.15 x UN, 2 Sec.
Insulation Voltage Between Terminal & Container VTC 3600 V AC, 2 Sec.
Losses:
– Dielectric < 0.2 W/KVAr
– Total* < 0.45 W/KVAr
Climatic Category
Ambient Temperature 0
C -25 / D; max. temp. 550 C; max mean 24h = 45 0C;
max. mean 1 year = 35 0C; lowest temp. = -25 0C
Max. humidity Hrel 95%
Permisible Altitute Max. 4000 M above sea level
Mean Life Expectancy tLD (co) 180000 Hrs
Design Data
Case Material / Shape Powder Coated, Fabricated Sheet Metal / Rectangular
Dimensions According to Specification Table Page No. 56, 57
Dielectric Polypropylene Film
Impregnation Soft Resin
Fixing Base Mounting
Mounting Position Upright
Degree of Protection Safety IP41 Fabricated sheet metal
Safety
Mechnical Safety Tear of fuses, overpressure disconnector
Discharge Device Resister
Discharge Device Time Sec. ≤60 Sec (50 V)
Cooling Natural or Forced
Max. Switching Operations Max. 5000 Nos. Per Year
Ordering Code QHSTM*

Note:
1. It should be noted that presence of harmonics produce over voltage & over current on capacitors. Resonance may cause serious damage to capacitor if a significant
level of total harmonic distortion level exists for voltage or current. In such cases, series reactors must be considered.
2. Operating temperature class: In accordance with the reference standards, these temperatures are those measured on the surface on the capacitor.

* Without Discharge Resister

55
Reactive Power Solutions

Technical Data, Specifications & Dimensional Drawing

A1 D A2

A3

Dimensions in (mm)
Frame Size A1 A2 A3 D H
B0 155 167 179 60 225
B1 195 217 239 75 290
B2 220 242 264 80 290
B4 220 242 264 80 390
B5 220 242 264 160 400

D A1 A2
A3
Dimensions in (mm)

KVAr Bank Rating A1 A2 A3 D H K

50 25 X 2 nos 220 242 264 320 425 410

75 25 X 3 nos 220 242 264 480 425 570

100 25 X 4 nos 220 242 264 640 490 725

56
Reactive Power Solutions

Three phase power capacitor (super heavy duty)


Current Current Capacitance Pack
KVAr KVAr Frame Size Product Code
(A) (A) (3XµF) Unit*
50Hz 60Hz
Rated Voltage 415 V AC
1 1.4 1.2 1.7 6.2 B1 1 QHSTMB5001X0
2 2.8 2.4 3.3 12.3 B1 1 QHSTMB5002X0
3 4.2 3.6 5 18.5 B2 1 QHSTMB5003X0
4 5.6 4.8 6.7 24.6 B2 1 QHSTMB5004X0
5 7 6 8.3 30.8 B2 1 QHSTMB5005X0
6 8.3 7.2 10 37 B4 1 QHSTMB5006X0
7 9.7 8.4 11.7 43.1 B4 1 QHSTMB5007X0
7.5 10.4 9 12.5 46.2 B4 1 QHSTMB5007X5
8 11.1 9.6 13.4 49.3 B4 1 QHSTMB5008X0
10 13.9 12 16.7 61.6 B4 1 QHSTMB5010X0
12.5 17.4 15 20.9 77 B4 1 QHSTMB5012X5
15 20.9 18 25 (2 X46.2) B5 1 QHSTMB5015X0
20 27.8 24 33.4 (2 X 61.6) B5 1 QHSTMB5020X0
25 34.8 30 41.7 (2 X 77.0) B5 1 QHSTMB5025X0
30 41.7 36 50.1 (4 X 46.2) 15 X 2 NOS* 1 QHSTCB5030X0
50 69.6 60 83.5 (4 X 77.0) 25 X 2 NOS* 1 QHSTMB5050X0
75 104.3 90 125.2 (6 X 77.0) 25 X 3 NOS* 1 QHSTMB5075X0
100 139.1 120 166.9 (8 X 77.0) 25 X 4 NOS* 1 QHSTMB5100X0
Rated Voltage 440 V AC
1 1.3 1.2 1.6 5.5 B1 1 QHSTMC5001X0
2 2.6 2.4 3.1 11 B1 1 QHSTMC5002X0
3 3.9 3.6 4.7 16.4 B2 1 QHSTMC5003X0
4 5.2 4.8 6.3 21.9 B2 1 QHSTMC5004X0
5 6.6 6 7.9 27.4 B2 1 QHSTMC5005X0
6 7.9 7.2 9.4 32.9 B4 1 QHSTMC5006X0
7 9.2 8.4 11 38.4 B4 1 QHSTMC5007X0
7.5 9.8 9 11.8 41.1 B4 1 QHSTMC5007X5
8 10.5 9.6 12.6 43.8 B4 1 QHSTMC5008X0
10 13.1 12 15.7 54.8 B4 1 QHSTMC5010X0
12.5 16.4 15 19.7 68.5 B4 1 QHSTMC5012X5
15 19.7 18 23.6 (2 X 41.1) B5 1 QHSTMC5015X0
20 26.2 24 31.5 (2 X 54.8) B5 1 QHSTMC5020X0
25 32.8 30 39.4 (2 X 68.5) B5 1 QHSTMC5025X0
30 39.4 36 47.2 (4 X 41.1) 15 X 2 NOS* 1 QHSTMC5030X0
50 65.6 60 78.7 (4 X 68.5) 25 X 2 NOS* 1 QHSTMC5050X0
75 98.4 90 118.1 (6 X 68.5) 25 X 3 NOS* 1 QHSTMC5075X0
100 131.2 120 157.5 (8 X 68.5) 25 X 4 NOS* 1 QHSTMC5100X0

*Packing units for capacitors equal minimum order quantity. Orders will be rounded up to packing unit or multiple thereof.
Note:
Customized products available upon request. Minimum Order Quantity 50 Nos.
All Master Plus – Type capacitors may be used for 60Hz, the output will be 1.2 times higher

57
Reactive Power Solutions

Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter

General
The increasing use of modern power electronic apparatus (drives, uninterruptible power supplies, etc) produces nonlinear current and
thus influences and loads the network with harmonics (line pollution). The power factor correction or capacitance of the power capacitor
forms a resonant circuit in conjunction with the feeding transformer. Experience shows that the selfresonant frequency of this circuit is
typically between 250 and 500 Hz, i.e. in the region of the 5th and 7th harmonics.

Such a resonance although can lead to the following undesirable effects:


• Overloading of capacitors
• Overloading of transformers and transmission equipment
• Interference with metering and control systems, computers and electrical gear
• Resonance elevation, i.e. amplification of harmonics
• Voltage distortion.

These resonance phenomena can be avoided by connecting capacitors in series with filter reactors in the PFC system. These so called
“detuned” PFC systems are scaled. in a way that the self-resonant frequency is below the lowest line harmonic. The detuned PFC system
is purely inductive seen by harmonics above this frequency. For the base line frequency (50 or 60 Hz usually), the detuned system on the
other hand acts purely capacitive, thus correcting the reactive power.

Applications
• Avoidance of resonance conditions
• Tuned and detuned harmonic filters
• Reduction of harmonic distortion (network clearing)
• Reduction of power losses

Features
• High harmonic loading capability
• Very low losses
• High linearity to avoid choke tilt
• Low noise
• Convenient mounting
• Long expected life time
• Temperature protection (NC contact)

Mechanical and maintenance


• Low mounting costs
• Easy installation and connection
• Compact volume
• Maintenance-free

Safety
• Temperature protection

58
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter

Technical Data

Reference Standard IEC 61558 / IS 5553

Tolerance of Inductance ± 3%

V3 = 0.5% VR (duty cycle = 100%)

V5 = 6.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)

Harmonics* V7 = 5.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)

V11 = 3.5% VR (duty cycle = 100%)

V13 = 3.0% VR (duty cycle = 100%)

Effective current Irms Irms = ß®(I12+I32 ... I132)

Fundamental current I I1 = 1.06 · IR (50 Hz or 60 Hz current of capacitor)

Insulation (winding-core) Kv 3 Kv

Temperature protection Microswitch (NC)

Dimensional drawings and See specific datasheets


terminals

Three-phase filter reactors to EN 60289 / IEC 61558

Frequency f 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Voltage V AC 400, 440 V AC

Output KVAr 5 … 100 KVAr

Detuning Factor 5.67%, 7%, 14%

Cooling Natural

Ambient temperature °C 40°C

Humidity 95%

Insulation class H

Class of protection I

Enclosure IP00

Max. Permissible Attitude Max. 4000M above sea level

Terminals Lugs / Busbar

Design Data

Dimensions According to specification table page no

Weight Approx. According to specification table page no

Safety- All reactors are provided with a sepaerate screw terminal for the temperature switch (opening switch) which is
located indisde the central coil.

Response Temperature °C 1400C

Voltage V AC 250 V AC (<4A) ... 500 V AC (<2A)

Ordering Code QHDTM*

59
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter

Selection of Filter Losses


Determine the necessary effective power (KVAr) of the capacitor The 50 Hz losses are comparatively low but when the filter
bank in order to obtain the desired PF. circuit reactors are installed into the cabinet, they are charged
Design the capacitor stages in such a way that the sensitivity of with additional currents, predominantly those of the 5, 7 & 11
the bank is around 15–20% of the total available power. It’s not harmonics. Then the total heat losses dissipated can be of a level
useful to have a more sensitive bank that reacts with a 5 or 10% whereby they have to be extracted from the cabinet, by means
of the total power because this would lead to a high amount of of fans.
switching operations, wasting the equipment unnecessarily when Terminals: the terminals for filter circuit reactors are designed as
the real objective is to have a high average PF. cable terminals.
Try to design the bank with standard KVAr values of effective
power steps, preferably multiples of 25 KVAr Design Features
Measure the presence of harmonic currents in the main feeder Havells filter reactors are designed with properties like low
cable of the system without capacitors at all possible load temperature rise and lower flux density so that it can operate with
conditions. Determine frequency and maximum amplitude for worst conditions of Harmonic overloads. Reactors are available
every harmonic that could exist. Calculate the Total Harmonic with detuned factor of 5.67%, 7% and 14% in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25,
50 KVAr rating. Any other specific rating can be made as per the
Distortion of Current
request from the customer.
THD-I = 100 • SQR [(I3)2 + (I5)2 + ... + (IR)2]/Il
An integrated switch allows external monitoring and/ or discon-
Calculate every existing value for THD-IR = 100 • IR/Il nection of the reactor in the event of impermissible built up of heat.

Measure the presence of harmonic voltages that might come from


outside your system, if possible measure the HV side.

Calculate the Total Harmonic Distortion of Voltage

THD-V =100 • SQR [(U3)2 + (U5)2 + ... + (UN)2]/Ul

The following table shows a comparison for various reactor/


capacitor combinations at fundamental frequency of 50 Hz:

p -Detuned factor
f - Fundamental frequency
f Res -Resonating frequency

Resonance frequency De-tuning factor


210 Hz 5.67
189 Hz 7
134 Hz 14

60
Reactive Power Solutions

Detuned PFC in general Detuned PFC Important Facts


and Instructions
When installing capacitors for PFC purpose, the problem of Important design instructions to be followed for detuned PFC
dealing with harmonics has to be faced. They have to be taken Systems
into account when designing the PFC system in order to prevent
parallel and / or series resonance conditions that would damage 1) Determine the necessary effective power (KVAr) of the
the whole electrical system. When PFC capacitors are connected, capacitor bank in order to obtain the desired PF.
the inductance of the transformer together with the capacitors
2) Design the capacitor stages in such a way that the sensibility
forms a resonant circuit that could be excited by a harmonic current
of the bank is around 15–20% of the total available power.
generated by the load. This resonant circuit has a resonance
It’s not useful to have a more sensitive bank that reacts with
frequency, and if a harmonic current of this frequency (or close to
a 5 or 10% of the total power because this would lead to a
it) exists, it will lead the circuit into a resonance condition where
high amount of switching operations, wasting the equipment
high current will flow through the branches (L: the transformer,
unnecessarily when the real objective is to have a high average
and C: the capacitor bank), overloading them and raising the
PF.
voltage across them and across the whole electrical system that
is connected in parallel. PFC detuned filtering is a tech nique to 3) Try to design the bank with standard KVAr values of effective
correct the power factor avoiding the risk of resonance condition power steps, preferably multiples of 25 KVAr.
performed by shifting the resonance frequency to lower values
where no harmonic currents are present. 4) Measure the presence of harmonic currents in the main feeder
cable of the system without capacitors at all possible load
This is achieved by modifying the basic LC circuit formed by
conditions. Determine frequency and maximum ampli tude for
the transformer and the capacitor bank, introducing a filter
every harmonic that could exist. Calcu late the Total Harmonic
reactor in series with the capacitors, making this way a more
Distortion of Current THD-I = 100 · SQR [(I3)2 + (I5)2 + ... +
complex resonant circuit but with the desired feature of having a
(IR)2]/Il Calculate every existing value for THD-IR = 100 · IR/Il
resonance frequency below the first existing harmonic. This way
it’s not possible to have a real resonance condition. Besides this 5) Measure the presence of harmonic voltages that might come
main objective, the reactor connected in series with capacitors from outside your system, if possible measure the HV side.
form a series resonant circuit with a certain tuning frequency Calculate the Total Harmonic Distortion of Voltage THD-V =
at which the branch will offer a low impedancepath. Filtering of 100 · SQR [(V3)2 + (V5)2 + ... + (VN)2]/Vl
harmonic currents and “cleaning” of the grid will be achieved.
Components for PFC detuned filters must be carefully selected 6) Are there harmonics such as THD-I > 10% or THD-V > 3%
according to the desired PFC purpose, to the harmonics present (measured without capacitors)? If YES use PFC-DF and
in the system, to some features of the system like short circuit go to consideration 7. If NO use standard PFC and skip
power and impedances, to the desired filtering effect and to the considerations 7, 8 and 9.
characteristics of the resonant circuit configured.
7) Is there 3rd harmonic content, I3 > 0.2 · I5? If YES use PFC-
For example, the voltage across the capacitors will be higher than DF with p = 14% and skip consideration 8. If NO use PFC-DF
the nominal grid voltage when they have a reactor connected in with p = 7% or 5.67% and go to consideration
series. The reactors must be selected in line with the inductance
value to obtain the desired tuning frequency and current capabi 8) THD-V is: 3–7% use PFC-DF with p = 7% >7% use PFC-DF
lity high enough for the harmonic current absorption that can be with p = 5.67% >10% ask for special filter design
expected. The tuning frequency is usually indirectly referred to as
the detuning factor p and expressed as a percentage. 9) Select the proper components using Havells tables for PFC-
DF and standard values for effective power, the voltage and
frequency of your grid, and the determined detuned factor p.
X
(
X C ƒRES
ƒ 2
)
p = 100 · ––L– = ––––– · 100
10) Always use genuine Havells application-specific designed
PFC detuned filtering is an engi neer ing speciality that takes ex components for PFC-DF. Please observe that reactors are
per ienced know-how to implement it in a satisfying and safe way. specified for their effective power at grid voltage and frequency.
The design-instructions for detuned PFC systems on page 75 This power will be the real effective power of the whole LC
have to be followed to ensure an optimum performance of the set at fundamental frequency. Capacitors for PFC-DF must
PFC system. be selected for a higher rated voltage than the grid’s because
of the overvoltage caused by the series connection with the
Note: The recommendations given in the selection tables are reactor. Contactors for capacitors are designed as application-
meant as a support tool. does not take over any responsibility for specific to reduce inrush capacitors currents and to handle
the design as apart from the theoretical conditions the prevailing capacitive loads in a reliable way.
circumstances in the application have to be taken into account.

61
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter
Technical Data and Specifications
W

H
G
Busbar

60
d
n1 n2

L b

Elevation R.H. Side View

Net Insulation
Ordering Code KVAr Current Inductance Losses Dimensions (mm)/Tolerance
Weight Class
dist
A mH Kg Watts L W H n1 n2 b Slot between
Ød1
size slot ØG
Copper
QHDTMCV005X0 5 6.56A 9.33mH 9 70W H 220 145 165 140 90 125 8 7 x 20 60 6

QHDTMCV010X0 10 13.12A 4.64mH 11 80W H 220 145 165 140 90 125 8 8 x 25 60 6

QHDTMCV012X5 12.5 16.6A 3.71mH 15 90W H 220 145 165 140 90 125 8 8 x 25 60 6

QHDTMCV015X0 15 19.68A 3.10mH 20 130W H 225 145 205 150 94 116 8 7 x 20 76 6

QHDTMCV020X0 20 26.24A 2.31mH 20 150w H 225 145 205 150 94 116 8 7 x 20 76 8


QHDTMCV025X0 25 32.8A 1.86mH 24 170w H 225 145 205 150 94 116 8 7 x 20 76 8

QHDTMCV050X0 50 65.6A 0.926mH 35 250w H 265 170 235 150 104 132 8 7 x 20 88 8
QHDTMCV075X0 75 99A 0.618mH 47 340w H 300 175 270 265 113 143 10 10 x 20 100 10
QHDTMCV100X0 100 131.5A 0.464mH 58 380w H 300 200 270 265 140 170 10 10 x 20 100 10
Aluminium
QHTTMCV005X0 5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

QHTTMCV010X0 10 13.12A 4.64mH 10 90w H 220 150 165 150 90 125 8 8 x 25 65 6

QHTTMCV012X5 12.5 16.6A 3.71mH 12 100w H 240 160 165 150 90 125 8 8 x 25 65 8

QHTTMCV015X0 15 19.68A 3.10mH 20 140w H 225 175 205 150 94 116 8 7 x 20 76 8


QHTTMCV020X0 20 26.24A 2.10mH 20 160w H 225 175 210 150 94 116 8.5 7 x 20 76 8
QHTTMCV025X0 25 32.5A 37.2mH 20 180w H 240 190 210 170 94 116 8.5 7 x 20 86 8

QHTTMCV050X0 50 65.6A 0.926mH 28 270w H 285 220 235 210 104 132 8.5 7 x 20 103 10
QHTTMCV075X0 75 99A 0.618mH 41 360w H 340 180 270 265 113 143 10 10 x 20 115 10
QHTTMCV100X0 100 131.5A 0.464mH 52 400w H 340 270 270 265 140 170 10 10 X 20 115 12

Notes: 1) All Dimensions are in M.M.


2) Tolerance on Dimension - Overall (L,W,H) - +/-1%
Mounting - +/-2MM"
3) Total max. losses, considering max. specified overvoltage and harmonic currents*
4) Other Voltages on request
5) Other Voltages/KVAr drawing may be changed

QHDTMCV005X0: 5 KVAr/440 V - Order for other voltages
Replace C with Q for 400V

Q C
400V 440V

QHDTMCV005X0: 5 KVAr/440 V - Order for other detuning factor


Replace V with U for 5.67% and W for 14%
U V W
50Hz
5.67% 7% 14%
62
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter
Calculation of the requested rated capacitor output in detuned filter circuits (factors to be multiplied with the required output per step

Supply Voltage: 400V


Rated voltage * Detuning Factor (%)
of capacitor (V) 5 5.5 6 7 12.5 13 14
440 1.150 1.143 1.137 1.125 - - -
525 1.637 1.628 1.619 1.602 1.507 1.499 1.481

Supply Voltage: 415V


Rated voltage * Detuning Factor (%)
of capacitor (V) 5 5.5 6 7 12.5 13 14
440 1.068 1.062 1.057 - - - -
525 1.520 1.512 1.504 1.488 1.400 1.392 1.376

Supply Voltage: 440V


Rated voltage * Detuning Factor (%)
of capacitor (V) 5 5.5 6 7 12.5 13 14
525 1.352 1.345 1.338 1.324 1.246 1.239 1.224

Supply Voltage: 480V


Rated voltage * Detuning Factor (%)
of capacitor (V) 5 5.5 6 7 12.5 13 14
525 1.136 1.130 1.125 1.113 - - -
660 1.796 1.787 1.777 1.758 1.654 1.645 1.626

Example:
Required output per step at supply voltage: 50KVAr
Supply voltage: 440V
Detuning factor: 7%
Rated voltage of capacitor: 525V
Factor of the table: 1.324
Requested rated output of the capacitors: 50KVAr X 1.327= 66.2
Selection: 2(PFC capacitors) x 33.1

* For filter circuits the capacitor rated voltage has to be chosen always higher than the supply voltage.
i.e.: fundamental voltage increased by the reactor and harmonics

63
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter
Component selection table for dynamic pfc Anti-resonance Filter Circuit
Grid: 400 V - 50 Hz Detuned Filters components selection table

Detuned Effective filter Grid Capacitor Capacitor Capacitance 3 Reactor IRMS


factor % output KVAr voltage voltage output KVAr * µF inductivity (Ieff)
Selection 3 * mH

Rated voltage V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 5.67% (fr = 210 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 * LR for current up to 2.08 * I1

5.00 KVAr 5.71 KVAr 31.3 µF 6.13 mH 8.78 AMP

10.00 KVAr 11.41 KVAr 62.6 µF 3.06 mH 17.55 AMP

12.50 KVAr 14.27 KVAr 78.2 µF 2.45 mH 21.94 AMP

15.00 KVAr 17.12 KVAr 93.9 µF 2.04 mH 26.33 AMP


5.67 400 V 440 V
20.00 KVAr 22.83 KVAr 125.2 µF 1.53 mH 35.11 AMP

25.00 KVAr 28.53 KVAr 156.5 µF 1.23 mH 43.88 AMP

40.00 KVAr 45.66 KVAr 250.3 µF 0.77 mH 70.21 AMP

50.00 KVAr 57.07 KVAr 312.9 µF 0.61 mH 87.76 AMP

75.00 KVAr 85.60 KVAr 469.4 µF 0.41 mH 131.65 AMP

100.00 KVAr 114.14 KVAr 625.9 µF 0.31 mH 175.53 AMP

Rated voltage V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 7% (fr = 189 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 * LR for current up to 1.73 * I1

5.00 KVAr 5.63 KVAr 30.9 µF 7.67 mH 8.03 AMP

10.00 KVAr 11.25 KVAr 61.7 µF 3.84 mH 16.07 AMP

12.50 KVAr 14.07 KVAr 77.1 µF 3.07 mH 20.09 AMP

15.00 KVAr 16.88 KVAr 92.6 µF 2.56 mH 24.10 AMP


7 400 V 440 V
20.00 KVAr 22.51 KVAr 123.4 µF 1.92 mH 32.14 AMP

25.00 KVAr 28.13 KVAr 154.3 µF 1.53 mH 40.17 AMP

40.00 KVAr 45.01 KVAr 246.8 µF 0.96 mH 64.28 AMP

50.00 KVAr 56.27 KVAr 308.5 µF 0.77 mH 80.34 AMP

75.00 KVAr 84.40 KVAr 462.8 µF 0.51 mH 120.52 AMP

100.00 KVAr 112.53 KVAr 617.0 µF 0.38 mH 160.69 AMP

Rated voltage V = 400 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 14% (fr = 135 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 * LR for current up to 1.37 * I1

5.00 KVAr 6.19 KVAr 28.5 µF 16.59 mH 7.69 AMP

10.00 KVAr 12.38 KVAr 57.1 µF 8.30 mH 15.39 AMP

12.50 KVAr 15.48 KVAr 71.3 µF 6.64 mH 19.23 AMP

15.00 KVAr 18.58 KVAr 85.6 µF 5.53 mH 23.08 AMP


14 400 V 480 V
20.00 KVAr 24.77 KVAr 114.1 µF 4.15 mH 30.77 AMP

25.00 KVAr 30.96 KVAr 142.6 µF 3.32 mH 38.46 AMP

40.00 KVAr 49.54 KVAr 228.2 µF 2.07 mH 61.54 AMP

50.00 KVAr 61.92 KVAr 285.3 µF 1.66 mH 76.93 AMP

75.00 KVAr 92.88 KVAr 427.9 µF 1.11 mH 115.39 AMP

100.00 KVAr 123.84 KVAr 570.6 µF 0.83 mH 153.85 AMP

64
Reactive Power Solutions
Anti-Resonance Harmonic Filter
Grid: 440 V - 50 Hz Detuned Filters components selection table

Detuned Effective filter Grid Capacitor Capacitor Capacitance 3 Reactor IRMS


factor % output KVAr voltage voltage output KVAr * µF inductivity (Ieff)
Selection 3 * mH

Rated voltage V = 440 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 5.67% (fr = 210 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 • LR for current up to 2.08 • I1

5.00 KVAr 5.61 KVAr 25.9 µF 7.41 mH 7.98 AMP

10.00 KVAr 11.23 KVAr 51.7 µF 3.71 mH 15.96 AMP

12.50 KVAr 14.03 KVAr 64.7 µF 2.96 mH 19.95 AMP

15.00 KVAr 16.84 KVAr 77.6 µF 2.47 mH 23.94 AMP


440 V 480 V
5.67 20.00 KVAr 22.45 KVAr 103.4 µF 1.85 mH 31.91 AMP

25.00 KVAr 28.07 KVAr 129.3 µF 1.48 mH 39.89 AMP

40.00 KVAr 44.90 KVAr 206.9 µF 0.93 mH 63.83 AMP

50.00 KVAr 56.13 KVAr 258.6 µF 0.74 mH 79.78 AMP

75.00 KVAr 84.20 KVAr 387.9 µF 0.49 mH 119.68 AMP

100.00 KVAr 112.26 KVAr 517.2 µF 0.37 mH 159.57 AMP

Rated voltage V = 440 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 7% (fr = 189 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 • LR for current up to 1.73 • I1

5.00 KVAr 5.53 KVAr 25.5 µF 9.33 mH 7.30 AMP

10.00 KVAr 11.07 KVAr 51.0 µF 4.64 mH 14.61 AMP

12.50 KVAr 13.83 KVAr 63.7 µF 3.71 mH 18.26 AMP

15.00 KVAr 16.60 KVAr 76.5 µF 3.10 mH 21.91 AMP


7 440 V 480 V
20.00 KVAr 22.14 KVAr 102.0 µF 2.31 mH 29.22 AMP

25.00 KVAr 27.67 KVAr 127.5 µF 1.86 mH 36.52 AMP

40.00 KVAr 44.27 KVAr 204.0 µF 1.16 mH 58.43 AMP

50.00 KVAr 55.34 KVAr 255.0 µF 0.93 mH 73.04 AMP

75.00 KVAr 83.01 KVAr 382.5 µF 0.62 mH 109.56 AMP

100.00 KVAr 110.68 KVAr 509.9 µF 0.46 mH 146.08 AMP

Rated voltage V = 440 V, f = 50 Hz, p = 14% (fr = 135 Hz) / Linearity: L ≥ 0.95 • LR for current up to 1.37 • I1

5.00 KVAr 6.12 KVAr 23.6 µF 20.07 mH 6.99 AMP

10.00 KVAr 12.24 KVAr 47.2 µF 10.04 mH 13.99 AMP

12.50 KVAr 15.30 KVAr 58.9 µF 8.03 mH 17.48 AMP

15.00 KVAr 18.37 KVAr 70.7 µF 6.69 mH 20.98 AMP


14 440 V 525 V
20.00 KVAr 24.49 KVAr 94.3 µF 5.02 mH 27.97 AMP

25.00 KVAr 30.61 KVAr 117.9 µF 4.01 mH 34.97 AMP

40.00 KVAr 48.97 KVAr 188.6 µF 2.51 mH 55.95 AMP

50.00 KVAr 61.22 KVAr 235.8 µF 2.01 mH 69.93 AMP

75.00 KVAr 91.83 KVAr 353.7 µF 1.34 mH 104.90 AMP

100.00 KVAr 122.44 KVAr 471.6 µF 1.00 mH 139.87 AMP

65
Reactive Power Solutions

Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller

General
IPFC Relay for Power Factor Correction in Low Voltage applications measures the actual power factor and connect or disconnect
capacitors to achieve a target power factor. The single phase electronic measuring system detects the reactive and active component
of the network through the current and voltage path. From this it calculates the phase shift between current and voltage and compares
this with the set target power factor.
If there are deviations of the power factor, capacitor stages are switched in and out by the IPFC relay. The contactor control logic is
optimised so that the desired power factor is achieved with minimum switching operations, thus ensuring an optimised life cycle of the
capacitor bank.

Features
• User friendly program for target power factor, on/off delay, CT ratio.
• Seven segment LCD display with backlight for readability in poorly illuminated areas.
• Display parameters – KW, PF, KVAr, KVA, Volt, Amp, Frequency.
• Key pad for user interface.
• Compatible with RS 232 (Galvanically isolated).
• Recall function of recorded values.
• Available in 6, 8, 12, 14 stages.
• User configurable parameters - Target PF Setting, Power Factor Tolerance, CT ratio, total capacitor banks, under current, Over /
Under frequency, Over / Under voltage threshold for alarm / tripping capacitor bank, time delay between steps (2 sec - 1800 sec.).
• Download Parameters - Target PF, CT ratio, total capacitor banks, Capcaitor banks status, under current, Over / Under voltage
threshold for alarm / tripping capacitor bank, Over / Under frequency threshold for alarm / tripping capacitor bank, time delay
between steps (2 sec upto 1800 sec.).
• Load survey for 40 days for each 30 minute interval consisting of: Active energy & demand, reactive energy & demand, apparent
energy & demand, average power factor, voltage (average 30 minutes), date, time.
• P.C. based software for data storing and system monitoring.

Mechanical and maintenance


• Low mounting costs • Easy installation and connection • Compact volume • Maintenance-free

66
Reactive Power Solutions
Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller
Technical Data & Limit Values
Reference Standard IEC 61010-1
Parameters Unit Intelligent Power Factor
Controller
Dimension m.m. 144 x 144 x 85
Weight kg. 0.75
Ambient conditions
Operating temperature Range °C –10 °C ... + 60 °C
Storage temperature Range °C –20 °C ... + 65 °C
Mounting position Flush Mounting in Vertical Plane
Protection class IP 54 ( Front)
Operation
Rated Operational Voltage V. AC 230 V AC+-20%
Rated Operational Current I 50 mA – 6A (--/5 A Current
Transformer)
Network Type Single Phase, 2 Wire
Mains frequency Hz 50 / 60
Power consumption
Current I <2VA
Voltage V <10 VA
Target Power Factor Cos Φ 0.8 < cos Φ <= 1 (Inductive)
Switching Outputs
Capacitor Steps 6,8 , 12 Steps (Max.) + 1 Alarm
Relay Output Contact Max 250 AC, 1000 W
Switching time range 2 Sec. – 30 Min.
Control modes Automatic Bank Selection in
accordance to Reactive Power
Compensation
Ordering code QHOSRA*

67
Reactive Power Solutions
Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller
Operating Voltage (Un): 230 V AC ± 20%; 50/60 Hz
Operating Current 50 mA – 6 A (--/5 A Current Transformer)
Network Type 1 Phase, 2 wire
Capacitor Steps 6, 8, 12 steps (max) + 1 ALARM
Power Consumption < 2 VA (Current Circuit), < 10 VA (Voltage Circuit)
Output Contact 3 A, 750 VA
Cos Ø setting 0.8< cos Ø £ 1(Inductive)
Ambient Operating temp. -10° C, +60° C
Degree of Protection IP 54 (Front Panel)
Connection/ Installation Terminal / Flush - Mounting with rear terminals
Dimensions & 144 x 144 x 85 mm
Packing Weight 770 gm (Approx.)
CT Ratio Configurable (max. 1000/5)

Automatic Capacitors connect automatically to achieve target power factor of Load


Mode
Manual mode By key pad to connect / disconnect the  capacitors

Setting mode For user configurable target Power factor, CT_Ratio, Over / under Voltage limit and Over / Under Frequency limit
tripping time, total no of capacitor banks
Communication RS 232

PROTECTION • Capacitor Bank Status


• Over / Under Voltage • Over / Under Voltage Threshold for Alarm / Tripping
• Over / Under Frequency Capacitor Bank
• Over / Under Compensation • Over / Under Frequency, Under Current Threshold for
Alarm / Tripping Capacitor Bank
• Under current
• Time Delay Between Steps (2 Sec Upto 1800 Sec.)
• Load survey for 40 days for each 30 minute interval
PROGRAMMABLE PARAMETERS consisting of:
• Target Power Factor Setting - Active Energy & demand
• Power Factor Tolerance - Reactive Energy & demand
• CT Ratio - Apparent Energy & demand
• Total Capacitor Bank - Voltage (Average 30 minutes)
• Number of Active Outputs - Average Power Factor
• Over / Under Voltage Threshold For Alarm / Tripping - Date & Time
Capacitor Bank
• Over / Under Frequency Threshold For Alarm / Tripping FAULT / ALARM INDICATION
Capacitor Bank
• Alarm relay contact is closed when the fault occur in the
• Time Delay Between Steps (2 Sec Upto 1800 Sec.) AC main supply for persistance of 5 sec. or more
• Alarm display on the LCD will appear in the event of any
DOWN LOAD PARAMETERS abnormaility. Example :
• Target Power Factor - Over / Under Voltage
• Power Factor Tolerance - Over / Under Frequency
- Over / Under Compensation
• CT Ratio
- Under Current
• Total Capacitor Bank

CONTROL PANEL
To increase the value
To decrease the value
Scroll To scroll the parameters
Automatic/manual or setting mode selection by Keys

68
Reactive Power Solutions
Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller
CONNECTION DIAGRAM

Microprocessor Controlled
Power Factor Controller

Ordering Info : Intelligent Power Factor Controller (IPFC - 11002) (Smart Relay) (1ø, 230V), 50Hz
Product Code Description Min packing qty.
QHOSRA5N0006 IPFC 11002 6+1Step Relay 1ø, 230V 50Hz 6
QHOSRA5N0008 IPFC 11002 8+1Step Relay 1ø, 230V 50Hz 6
QHOSRA5N0012 IPFC 11002 12+1Step Relay 1ø, 230V 50Hz 6

Ordering Info : Intelligent Power Factor Controller (IPFC - 11003) (Smart Relay) 3ø, 3 x 230V,
Product Code Description Min packing qty.
QHOTRB5N0006 IPFC 11003 6+1Step Relay 3ø, 3 x 230V, (L-N), 50Hz 6
QHOTRB5N0008 IPFC 11003 8+1Step Relay 3ø, 3 x 230V, (L-N), 50Hz 6
QHOTRB5N0012 IPFC 11003 12+1Step Relay 3ø, 3 x 230V, (L-N), 50Hz 6

69
Reactive Power Solutions
Microprocessor Controlled Power Factor Controller

INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE • Handle capacitors carefully, because they may still be charged
even after disconnection due to faulty discharging devices.
Ambient temperature
• Follow good engineering practice.
Capacitors are divided into temperature classes, Each class in
represented by a number followed by a letter e.g. -250/D. The • Do not use HRC fuses to power a capacitor up and down (risk
number is the lowest ambient temperature at which a capacitor of arcing).
may operate. The upper limit temperature is indicated by the letter • Remember that the terminals of capacitors, connected bus
D, standing for 550C. A maximum case temperature of 600C. must bars and cables as well as other devices may also be energized.
not be exceeded. Temperature is one of the main.
Over current and short circuit protection
Exceeding maximum allowed temperature may set the safety • Use HRC fuses or MCCBs for short circuit protection. Short
device out of operation. circuit protection and connecting cables should be selected so
that 1.5 times the rated capacitor current can be permanently
Inrush current handled.
Switching LV PFC capacitors, especially when they are in parallel • HRC fuses do not protect a capacitor against overload-they
with others that are already energized, can cause high inrush are only for short circuit protection.
currents of up to 200 times rated current. This leads to additional
stress on contactors as well as capacitors and reduces their • The HRC fuse rating should be 1.6 to 1.8 times rated capacitor
useful life. In addition, high inrush currents have a negative effect current.
on power quality, producing transients and voltage drops. • Do not use HRC fuses to switch capacitors (risk of arcing).
As per IEC 60831 standard, a maximum of 5000 switching • Use thermal magnetic overcurrent relays for overload
operations per year is acceptable. protection.

Harmonics Maintenance
Harmonics are produced in the operation of electric loads with a • Periodically check that connections and terminals are tight.
nonlinear voltage/current characteristic e.g. rectifiers and inverters
• Regularly clean terminals/bushing to avoid short circuits due to
for drives, welding apparatus and uninterruptible power supplies).
dust and soiling.
Harmonics are sinusoidal voltages and currents with higher
frequencies of a multiple of the 50 or 60 Hz line frequency. • Check short circuit protection fuses.
• Make a current reading twice annually to see if application
Note : In applications subject to harmonics, you should only use
conditions have altered.
power capacitors with reactors, so called detuned capacitor
banks. Depending on the selected series resonant frequency, part • Consider upgrading or modifying the PFC system if the
of the harmonic current is absorbed by the power capacitor. The application environment has changed.
remainder of the harmonic current flows into the superordinate • In the event of a current above nominal, check your application
system. The use of power capacitors with reactors reduces for possible modification.
harmonic distortion and lesser the disturbing effect on proper
• In the event of a significant increase in nonlinear loading, call
operation of other electric loads.
consultant for a harmonics examination.
A major reason for installing detuned capacitor banks is to avoid • If harmonics are present consider installation of a detuned
resonance. Resonance can multiply existing harmonics and create capacitor bank (reactors).
power quality problems, as well as causing damage to distribution
equipment. • Check discharge resistors/reactors and their functioning :
- Power the capacitor up and down
Resonance cases must be avoided by appropriate application
design in any case! - The voltage across the terminals must fall to <50 V
within 60s.
Max. total rms capacitor current (incl. fundamental harmonic
current) specified in technical data of the specific series must not
Capacitor life expectancy
be exceeded
Capacitors operation between any rated value and the
Safety corresponding absolute maximum rating is an overload that
• Ensure good effective grounding for capacitor enclosures. derates life expectancy of the device.

• Provide means of disconnecting and insulating a faulty Simultaneous overload conditions or exceeding any absolute
component/bank. maximum rating may reduce life expectancy significantly.

70
Reactive Power Solutions

PFC Basic Formulas


The following electrical formulas may be used to calculate basic PFC values.

Active power

The amount of input power converted to output power is the active power.

P= 3 · V · I · cos ϕ [W]

Reactive power
The reactive power is the power consumed in an AC circuit due to the expansion and collapse of
magnetic (inductive) and electrostatic (capacitive) fields.

Q= 3 · V · I · sin ϕ [VAr]

Apparent Power

The apparent power is the power delivered to an electric circuit.

S= 3·V·I [VA]

Power factor
The power factor of an AC electrical power system is defined as the ratio of the real (active) power to
the apparent power.

Active power P
Power factor = –––––––– = ––
Apparent power S

Power Factor Correction


When the AC load is partly capacitive or inductive, the current waveform is out of phase with the voltage. This requires additional AC
current to be generated that is not consumed by the load, creating I2R losses in power cables. Capacitors are used to supply reactive
energy to inductive loads. Reactive energy must be produced as closely as possible to the loads to prevent unnecessary flow of current
in the network. This is known as power factor correction.

QC = P · (tan ϕ1 – tan ϕ2) [VAr]


QC: active power needed
P: total reactive power
ϕ1: actual angle of cos ϕ actual
ϕ2: target angle of cos ϕ target

Connection and rating of capacitors

The reactive power of the capacitor


is a function of its rated voltage and
current.

Q C = V C · IC [VAr]

V C · V C (V C)2
Q C = –––––––– = –––––
XC XC

1 1
X C = ––––– = –––––––––
·C 2 ·f·C
f: frequency of network
XC: impedance of capacitor
C: capacitance value

Q C = (V C)2 · · C = (V C)2 · 2 · f · C

71
Reactive Power Solutions

PFC Basic Formulas


Capacitor in three-phase PFC application

Three-phase PFC applications have two types of capacitor connections: star and delta.

STAR connection - The capacitor is subject to a voltage of ( VL / 3)


Thus total kVAR compansation is calculated as

Q TOT = 3 · Q C
VL
VC = V L / 3
1954 µF

(VL)2
Q TOT = 3 · –––––– · · C STAR
Star connection
( 3 )2

Q TOT Q TOT
C STAR = ––––––– –– = –––––––––––––
(V L)2 · (V L)2 · 2 · f

DELTA connection - The capacitor is subject to line voltage of VL, phase to phase
Thus total KVAR compansation is calculated as

V C = VL
651 µF
VL
Q TOT = 3 · (V L)2 · · C DELTA
Q TOT QTOT
C DELTA = ––––––– ––– = ––––––––––––––
3 · (V L)2 · 3· (V L)2 · 2 · f
Delta connection

Conclusion: C DELTA = C STAR


––––––
3

Capacitor output kvar: These values are operating conditions:


VNew
( ) · ––––
f
2
New Qnew: new reactive power
QNew = ––––– Q
f ·
C
From the formula if we find the VR R Vnew: new voltage
fnew: new frequency
Qnew with ratio: C will be constant.
These values are the values capacitor is designed:
QC: rated capacitor reactive power
VC: rated capacitor voltage
fR: rated frequency

Calculation example
Real power = 100 kW
Example 1: After PFC = Reactive power
105 kVA After: 33 kvar
The relationship between active,
reactive and real power and cos ϕ. Reactive power
Before: 100 kvar
Before PFC =
In the diagram below, the power 142 kVA
triangle shows an initial power factor Capacitance
Apparent power added = 67 kvar
of 0.70 for a 100 kW (real power)
inductive load. The reactive power re-
quired by the load is 100 kvar. By in-
stalling a 67-kvar capacitor, the
apparent power is reduced from 142
to 105 kvar, resulting in a 26%
Power factor calculations:
reduction in current. The power factor
Before PFC: 100/142 = 0.70 or 70% After PFC: 100/105 = 0.95 or 95%
is improved to 0.95.

72
Reactive Power Solutions

PFC Basic Formulas


Example 2:
Calculation of capacitor rating for
industrial installation
Given parameters: Target to correct the power factor to 0.9:

Induction motor 220 kW cos ϕ1 = 0.7 tan ϕ1 = 1.02


Network 440 V AC, cos ϕ2 = 0.9 tan ϕ2 = 0.48
(line delta) 3-phase Q C = P (tan ϕ1 – tan ϕ2) 440 V / 50 Hz

Frequency 50 Hz = 220 · 1 000 (1.02 – 0.48)


Power factor = 118.8 kvar
– Current cos ϕ 0.7 M

– Target cos ϕ 0.9 220 kW


cos ϕ = 0.7
118.8 kvar

Example 3:
Calculating capacitor ratings for
D E LTA a n d S TA R c o n n e c t i o n s i n
example 2
STAR connection: DELTA connection:

VL 440
V C = –––– = –––– = 254 V V C = V L = 440 V
3 3
Q TOT Q TOT Q TOT Q TOT
C STAR = ––––––– –– = ––––––––––––– C DELTA = ––––––– ––– = ––––––––––––––
(V L)2 · (V L)2 · 2 · f 3 · (V L)2 · 3 · (V L)2 · 2 · f
118.8 · 1 000 118.8 · 1 000
C STAR = ––––––––––––––––– C DELTA = ––––––––––––––––––––

(440) 2 · 2 · 50 3 · (440) 2 · 2 · 50
= 1 954 µF / Line (phase) = 651 µF / Line (phase)
C TOT = 5 862 µF C TOT = 1 954 µF

Example 4:
Calculating apparent power - Due to power factor correction, the requried apparent power transmission can be reduce by

Reduction (S1-S2) in example 2 Cable cross section calculation

S 1 = P / cos ϕ1 = 220 / 0.7 Line current drawn by the motor:


= 314 kVA I1 uncompensated load (0.7):

S 2 = P / cos ϕ2 = 220 / 0.9 220 · 1 000


I1 = ––––––––––––––––– = 412 A
= 244 kVA 3 · 440 · (0.7)

S 1 – S 2 = 70 kVA I2 compensated load (0.9):

Thus, additional power of 220 · 1 000


I2 = ––––––––––––––––– = 320 A
70 · (0.9) = 63 kW can be supplied 3 · 440 · (0.9)
and transferred via the existing Thus, the cable can carry an
network. additional load of 92 A, or the
designer can reduce the cable cross section.
S1 - Uncompensated load
S2 - Compensaited load

73
Reactive Power Solutions
Loads in industrial and public electrical networks are primarily of sensitive load for example.
an ohmic inductive nature.
Reactor
The purpose of systems for power factor correction in networks is
Power distribution networks are increasingly subjected to
to compensate the generated lagging reactive power by leading
harmonic pollution from modern power electronic devices, so
reactive power at defined nodes. In this way impermissibly high
called nonlinear loads, e.g. drives, uninterruptible power supplies,
voltage drops and additional ohmic losses are also avoided. The
electronic ballasts. Harmonics are dangerous for capacitors
necessary leading power is produced by capacitors parallel to
connected in the PFC circuit, especially if the capacitors operate
the supply network, as close as possible to the inductive load.
at resonant frequency. The series connection of reactor and
Static capacitive compensation devices reduce the lagging
capacitor to detuned the series resonant frequency (the capacitor's
reactive power component transmitted over the network. If
resonant frequency) helps to prevent capacitor damage. Most
network conditions alter, the required leading reactive power
critical frequencies are the 5th and 7th harmonic (250 and 350
can be matched in steps by adding and taking out single power
Hz at 50 Hz). Detuned capacitor banks also help to reduce the
capacitors (automatic PFC) to compensate the lagging reactive
harmonic distortion level and clean the network.
power.
Fuse
Advantages of power factor correction
A HRC fuse / MCCB acts as a safety device for short circuit
• Payback in 8 to 24 months through lower power costs.
protection.
Power factor correction reduces the reactive power in a
system. Power consumption and thus power costs drops in • The HRC fuse rating should be 1.6 to 1.8 times nominal
proportion. capacitor current.

• Effective installation use


An improved power factor means that an electrical installation
works more economically (higher effective power for the
same apparent power). Reactive power compensation for Motor
• Improved voltage quality The recommended capacitor rating for motor should be Sized to
• Reduced voltage drop compensate up to 90 % of the motor magnetization Current of
motor, to avoid self excitation phenomenon. The below table gives
• Optimum cable design
the selection chart for Capacitors as per the hp rating of the motor.
Cable cross-section can be reduced with improvement of power
factor (less current). In existing installations for instance, extra or
higher power can be transmitted. Power capacitor rating for direct connection Induction Motors
Capacitor KVAr at motor speed of
• Reduced transmission losses
The transmission and switching devices carry less current, i.e. Motor 3000 1500 1000 750 600 500
only the effective power, meaning that the ohmic losses in the HP rmp rmp rmp rmp rmp rmp
leads are reduced. 5 2 2 2 3 3 3
Main components of Capacitor 7.5 2 2 3 3 3 3
10 3 3 4 5 5 5
Power factor correction capacitors produce the necessary leading
reactive power to compensate the lagging reactive power. PFC 15 3 4 5 7 7 7
capacitors should be capable of withstanding high inrush currents 20 5 6 7 8 8 10
caused by switching operations (>100*IR). If capacitors are 25 6 7 8 9 9 12
connected in parallel, i.e. as banks, the inrush current will increase
(=150*IR) because the charging current comes from the grid as 30 7 8 9 10 10 15
well as from capacitors parallel to the one switched. 40 9 10 12 15 16 20

PFC controller 50 10 12 15 18 20 22
60 12 14 15 20 25 25
Modern PFC controllers are microprocessor based. The
microprocessor analyses the signal from a current transformer and 75 15 16 20 22 25 30
produces switching commands to control the contactors that add 100 20 22 25 26 32 35
or remove capacitor stage Intelligent control by microprocessor- 125 25 26 30 32 35 40
based PFC controllers ensures even utisation of capacitor stages,
150 30 32 35 40 45 50
minimised number of switching operations and optimised life cycle
of the capacitor bank. 200 40 45 45 50 55 60
250 45 50 55 60 65 70
Capacitor contactor
Contactors are electromechanical switching elements used to *Above 250HP KVAr approximate 35% of the motor power

switch capacitors or reactors and capacitors in standard or


detuned PFC systems. The switching operation can be performed
by mechanical contacts or an electronic switch (semi conduction).
Always used capacitor duty contactors for capacitor switching.
The latter solution is preferable if fast switching is required for a

74
Reactive Power Solutions

Reactive power compensation for Transformer Table of Capacitance value measured between Phase to Phase
terminals
Power and distribution transformers, which work on the principle KVAr Output Output Output Output
of electromagnetic induction, consume reactive power for their Capacitance Capacitance Capacitance Capacitance
own needs even when its secondary is not connected to any load. (µF) 400V (µF) 415V (µF) 440V (µF) 480V
The power factor will be very low under such situation. To improve 1 9.9 9.2 8.2 6.9
the power factor, it is required to connect a fixed capacitor or a 2 19.9 18.5 16.4 13.8
3 29.8 27.7 24.6 20.7
capacitor bank at the LT side of the transformer. Below table gives
4 39.8 37.0 32.8 27.6
the approximate KVAr of capacitors required.
5 49.7 46.2 41.1 34.5
KVA rating of the KVAr required for 6 59.7 55.4 49.3 41.4
Transformer compensation 7 69.6 64.7 57.5 48.3
7.5 74.6 69.3 62.0 51.8
Up to and including 315 KVA 5 % of KVA rating 8 79.6 73.9 65.8 55.2
315 KVA - 1000 KVA 6 % of KVA rating 10 99.5 92.4 82.2 69.1
12.5 124.3 115.5 103.0 86.3
Above 1000 KVA 8 % of KVA rating
15 149.2 138.6 123.3 103.6
20 199.0 184.8 164.4 138.2
It is useful to note that, in the case of APFC system, the current 25 248.7 231.0 206.0 172.7
Transformer providing feedback to the APFC system must be 30 298.5 277.2 246.6 207.3
located in such a way that it does not measure this capacitor 35 348.2 323.4 287.7 241.8
current. 40 398.0 369.6 328.8 276.4
45 447.7 415.8 369.9 310.9
Welding Transformers 50 497.5 462.0 411.0 345.5
60 597.0 554.4 493.2 414.6
Single phase, Single Operator Three phase, Multi-operator
75 746.1 693.0 618.0 518.1
Welding Required Welding Required 100 995.0 924.0 822.0 691.0
Transformer Capacitor Type Transformer Capacitor Note : The tolerance is - 5% / + 10%
continous rating continuous rating
rating kVA KVAr rating kVA KVAr

9 4 300/3 54 16.5

12 6 300/6 90 30

18 8 300/9 122 45

24 12 300/12 453 60

30 15

36 18

75
Reactive Power Solutions
Standard Values: Selection Tables for Cables,Cable Cross Sections and Fuses
The values mentioned in the following table are guidelines for operation in normal conditions at ambient temperatures up to 35°C. Upgrade
accordingly if conditions differ, e.g. temperature or hamonics differ. The internal wiring of a capacitor bank is sometimes possible with a
smaller cross section. Various parameters such as temperature inside the cabinet, cable quality, maximum cable insulation temperature,
single or multi core cable, cable length and laying system have to be considered for a proper selection. The local panelbuilder/installer
is responsible for a proper selection of the cable sizes and fuses according to the valid regulations and standards in the specific country
where the PFC panels are installed.

Selection Table
Power Current Section Fuse
KVAr A mm2 A
Rated voltage 230 V, 60 Hz
2.5 6.3 1.5 10
5 12.6 4 25
7.5 18.8 6 35
10 25.1 10 50
12.5 31.4 16 50
15 37.7 16 63
20 50.2 25 80
25 62.8 3 35 100
30 75.3 50 125
40 100.4 70 160
50 125.5 95 200
75 188.3 185 315
100 251 2 x 120.0 400
125 – – –
150 – – –
175 – – –
200 – – –

Rated voltage 400 V, 50 Hz


2.5 3.6 1.5 10
5 7.2 2.5 16
7.5 10.8 2.5 16
10 14.4 4 25
12.5 18 6 35
15 21.6 6 35
20 28.8 10 50
25 36 16 63
30 43.2 25 80
40 57.6 35 100
50 72 50 125
75 108.3 70 160
100 144.3 120 250
125 180.3 185 315
150 216.5 2 x 95.0 350
175 252.6 2 x 95.0 400
200 288 2 x 120.0 500

Rated voltage 440 V, 60 Hz


2.5 3.3 1.5 10
5 6.6 2.5 16
7.5 10 2.5 16
10 13.2 4.0 25
12.5 16.8 4.0 25
15 19.8 6.0 35
20 26.4 10.0 50
25 33 16.0 63
30 39.6 25.0 80
40 52.8 35.0 100
50 66 50.0 125
75 99 70.0 160
100 132 95.0 200
125 165 185.0 315
150 198 2 x 95.0 350
175 231 2 x 95.0 400
200 264 2 x 120.0 500
76
Reactive Power Solutions
Standard Values: Selection Tables for Cables, Cable Cross Sections and Fuses

Power Current Section Fuse


KVAr A mm2 A
Rated voltage 480 V, 60 Hz
2.5 3 1.5 10
5 6 2.5 16
7.5 9 2.5 16
10 12 4 25
12.5 18 6 35
15 21 6 35
20 24 10 50
25 30 10 50
30 36 16 63
40 48 25 80
50 60 35 100
75 90 70 160
100 120 95 200
125 150 120 250
150 180 185 315
175 210 2 x 95.0 350
200 240 2 x 95.0 400

Rated voltage 525 V, 50 Hz


2.5 2.7 1.5 10
5 5.5 1.5 10
7.5 6.9 2.5 16
10 11 2.5 16
12.5 13.7 4 25
15 16.5 4 25
20 22 6 35
25 27.5 10 50
30 33 16 63
40 44 25 80
50 55 35 100
75 82.5 70 160
100 110 95 200
125 137.5 95 200
150 165 185 300
175 193 2 x 95.0 350
200 220 2 x 95.0 350

77
Reactive Power Solutions
Cautions Maximum Admissible Overvoltage
Temperature class of capacitors to standard Frequency Max. Max. Max.
IEC 60831 / IS 13340 (50/60Hz) voltage duration duration
(Vrms)
Capacitors are divided into temperature classes. Each class is
Line Frequency 1.00 VR Continuous Highest mean during
represented by a number followed by a letter. e.g. -25/D. The duty entire operating time of
number is the lowest ambient temperature at which a capacitor capacitor, exceptions
(see below) are
may operate. the upper limit temperature is indicated by the letter
admissible for times
(see table above). of <24h
The use of a capacitor depends very much on temperature. Proper Line Frequency 1.10 VR 8 h daily Line voltage fluctuations
cooling of a capacitor must ensure that the minimum temperature Line Frequency 1.15 VR 30 min daily Line voltage fluctuations
is not exceeded of rewised useful life otherwise useful life is Line Frequency 1.20 VR 5 min daily Line voltage fluctuations
degraded. When configuring a circuit, one should make sure that Line Frequency 1.30 VR 1 min daily Line voltage fluctuations
capacitors are not subjected to heat from adjacent components
(reactors, bus bars, etc.). Forced cooling is preferable for compact
designs and it is highly inadvisable to arrange capacitors directly Current rating/maximum admissible over current
above reactors. The rated current (IR) is the current utilised for rated voltage (VR)
and frequency (in Hz.) excluding transient. Maximum permitted
Temperature Class of Capacitors
(according IEC 60831) rms current for each particular capacitor is specified in the data
sheet. Continuously exceeding of the nominal current will lead to
Temperature Temperature of Maximum Maximum
class capacitor surrounding mean mean increased self heating of the capacitor and reduce life time. The
air Maximum for 24 h for 1 year
maximum admissible overcurrent (I max) of 1.3*IR to IEC 60831
B 45°C 35°C 25°C
standard is maintained by all capacitors is this catalogue. The
C 50°C 40°C 30°C
figures for overcurrent allow for the combined effects of harmonics,
D 55°C 45°C 35°C
overvoltage and capacitance tolerance.

Enclosure of Capacitors (IPxx)


Enclosure First digit Second digit
IP00 No protection against finger No protection
touch and ingress of solid against ingress
foreign bodies of water
IP20 Protection against finger touch No protection
and solid foreign bodies against ingress
12.5 mm diameter of water
IP41 Protection against tool touch Drip-water
and solid foreign protection
bodies >1mm diameter
IP54 Protection against tool touch Splash water
and solid foreign bodies >1mm protection
diameter.
Protection against dust deposit

78
Reactive Power Solutions
Individual PFC for Motors
Approximate values for fixed PFC of Motors
Motor rating Capacitor rating Capacitor rating Capacitor rating
(1500 rpm) (1000 rpm) (750 rpm)
kW kvar kvar kvar
1 … 1.9 0.5 0.5 0.6
2 … 2.9 1 1.1 1.2
3 … 3.9 1.5 1.6 1.7
4 … 4.9 2 2.1 2.3
5 … 5.9 2.5 2.6 2.9
6 … 7.9 3 3.2 3.5
8 … 10.9 4 4.2 4.6
11 … 13.9 5 5.3 5.8
14 … 17.9 6 6.3 6.9
18 … 21.9 7.5 8.0 8.6
22 … 29.9 10 10.5 11.5
30 … 39.9 approx . 40% of the motor power
40 and above approx. 35% of the motor power

The capacitor output should be approx. 90% of the apparent power of the motor when idle.

This means a power factor of 0.9% at full load and 0.95 … 0.98 during idling. Important: The capacitor output must not be rated too high
for individual compensated machines where the capacitor is directly connected with the motor clamp. This especially applies when the
machine has a big oscillating weight and still continues to rotate after switching off. The capacitor placed in parallel may act as generator
for the motor which will cause serious overvoltages. The consequence could be heavy damage to the capacitor as well as to the motor.

Individual PFC for Transformers


Standard values for transformer power factor correction
Rated apparent power Rated capacitor power Rated capacitor power
of transformer for oil immersed transformers for cast resin transformers
kVA kvar kvar
10 1.0 1.5
20 2.0 1.7
50 4.0 2.0
75 5.0 2.5
100 5.0 2.5
160 7.0 4.0
200 7.5 5.0
250 8.0 7.5
315 10.0 8.0
400 12.5 8.5
500 15.0 10.0
630 17.5 12.5
800 20.0 15.0
1000 25.0 16.7
1250 30.0 20.0
1600 35.0 22.0
2000 40.0 25.0
2500 50.0 35.0
3150 60.0 50.0

For an exact calculation of the right capacitor value, following formula can be used:
AN
Q C = I 0% · ––––
100
Q c = needed capacitor (kvar)
I0% = magnetising current of the transformer (A S%)
A N = apparent rated power of the transformer in kVA

There are regional differences in the guidelines of power suppliers concerning the admissible size of capacitors directly
connected with a transformer. Therefore a consultation with the respective power supplier is recommended before
installation of a compensation bank. Modern transformers have laminations which only need low capacity to reverse the
magnetism. In case the capacitor output is too high, stress increase may occur during idling.

79
Reactive Power Solutions

Cautions

}
Bellow shield

Normal capacitor module Triple


3
Notch shield S Safety

Self healing shield

Fault operated capacitor module

Overpressure disconnector 1. The elastic elements must not be hindered, i.e.

At the end of the capacitor’s service life or when a high pressure – connecting lines must be flexible leads (cables),
forms inside the can, the overpressure disconnector is activated.
– there must be sufficient space (at least 20 mm) for expansion
The specially designed cover with an expansion bead moves
above the connections (specified for the different models),
upwards. Expansion beyond a certain degree will separate the
wires and disconnect the capacitor safely from the line. The – folding beads must not be retained by clamps.
disconnector is separated at its break point (small notch) and the 2. The maximum permissible fault current of 10 000 A to the UL
flow of current to the capacitor windings is interrupted. 810 standard must not be exceeded.
Caution: 3. Stress parameters of the capacitor must be within the IEC
To ensure full functionality of an overpressure disconnector, the 60831 / IS 13340 specification.
following is required:

80
Reactive Power Solutions
Dry technology/ V ACuum impregnation
The active winding elements are heated and then dried for a critical frequencies are the 5th and 7th harmonics (250 and 350
defined period. Impregnation is performed under V ACuum. In Hz at 50 Hz grid frequency). Detuned capacitor banks also help to
this way, air and moisture are extracted from the inner capacitor, reduce the harmonic distortion level and clean the network.
and oxidation of the electrodes as well as partial discharges are
avoided. Afterwards, the capacitor elements are hermetically
Discharge devices
sealed in cases (e.g. aluminum). This elaborate process ensures
excellent capacitance stability and long useful life. Discharge resistors are required to discharge capacitors and
protect human beings against electric shock hazards as well as to
Power factor controller Modern PF controllers are microprocessor-
switch capacitors in automatic PFC equipment (opposing phase).
based. The microprocessor analyzes the signal from a current
Discharge resistors are designed to discharge capacitors to 50V
transformer and produces switching commands to control the
or less within 60 seconds.
contactors that add or remove capacitor stages. Intelligent control
by microprocessorbased PF controllers ensures even utilization
of capacitor stages, a minimized number of switching operations
Caution:
and an optimized life cycle of the capacitor bank. After the required
capacitor output has been determined, the number of steps Discharge and short-circuit the capacitor before handling it!

Discharge reactor

Whenever fast discharge of a capacitor is required, a discharge


Thumb Rule: The number of steps depends on the number of resistor is not sufficient. Discharge reactors must be used to allow
loads, i.e. the more small inductive loads, the higher the number a discharge of within a few seconds. Also, the various steps in a
of steps should be. The switching time is also of major importance PFC system can then be switched much faster, minimizing losses
here: the more frequently a capacitor is switched, the more stress at the same time.
is placed on it and its contactors.

Multi measuring device An external meter combining several


Protection
features in a single device. Combined with the appropriate PF
controller, it allows the monitoring, display and storage of various An HRC fuse or MCCB acts as a safety device for short-circuit
grid parameters. It provides additional protection for the capacitor protection. HRC fuses do not protect a ca pac - itor against
and the PFC system. As a standalone solution, it acts as a meter, overload – they are designed for short-circuit protection only. The
a signal trigger for thyristor modules or as a switch. HRC fuse rating should be 1.6 to 1.8 times the nominal capacitor
current.

Capacitor contactor
Caution:
Contactors are electromechanical switching elements used to
switch capacitors or reactors and capacitors in standard or Do not use HRC fuses for switching (risk of arcing!).
detuned PFC systems. The pre-switching auxiliary contacts of
capacitor contactors close before the main contact and avoid
peak current values by pre-loading the capacitor. Note: Even
when using capacitor contactors, it is important not to exceed the
annual switching capability of the particular capacitor series.

Reactors - (compensation and filtering)

Power distribution networks are increasingly subjected to


harmonic pollution from modern power electronics devices,
known as non -linear loads, e.g. drives, uninter ruptible power
supplies and electronic ballasts. Harmonics are dangerous for
capacitors connected in the PFC circuit, especially if they operate
at a resonant frequency. The series connection of a reactor and
capac itor to detune the series resonant frequency (the capacitor’s
resonant frequency) helps to prevent capacitor damage. The most

81
Reactive Power Solutions

Cautions of power capacitor and reactor. the circuit is tuned so that


the series resonant frequency is below the lowest harmonics
Mean life expectancy
appearing in the system. This produces an inductive response
The mean life expectancy of power capacitors is mainly governed to all frequencies above the series resonant frequency, avoiding
by the following factors: resonances with system inductances. Depending on the selected
- duration of overload. series resonant frequency, part of the harmonic current is taken
- ambient temperature and the resulting case temperature. up by the detuned power capacitors. The remainder of the
harmonic current flows into the superordinate system. The use of
- Maximum rms current and the resulting case temperature
detuned power capacitors thus contributes to reducing voltage
The calculated life expectancy of the various series is stated for nominal
distortion through harmonics and lessens the disturbing effect on
operating conditions. If components are stressed less than the
proper operation of other electric loads.
IEC 60831 factors, longer useful life can be expected, and a
Most international standards limit THD-V on LV side to 5%
correspondingly shorter one or increased failure rate if nominal
However it has to be noted that in many grids these levels are
parameters are exceeded.
exceeded and even lower distortion, e.g. 3-4% THD-V can
Fuse protection generate extreme overcurrents in case of resonance condition.
Power capacitors have to be protected against short circuits by Maximum overcurrents as specified under technical data of each
fuses or thermal magnetic overcurrent relays. Slow-blow, low- series must not be exceeded.
voltage high rupturing capacity fuses (HRC) are preferable. The
Resonance must be avoided by appropriate pannel design.
fuse rating should be 1.6 to 1.8 times the rated current of the
Resonance may cause very high overcurrents which can lead to
capacitor. Magnetic short circuit relays should be set to between
capacitor failures and worst case, to explosion and fire.
9 and 12 times rated current to prevent them responding to high
inrush currents.
Connection
HRC fuses must not be used for switching as it results Make sure connection cables are of flexible type or flexible copper
in electric arcing which can cause death ! It may also cause bands are used. This is mandatory to allow the overpressure
capacitor failures. disconnector work and avoid mechanical stress on the terminals
Switching of capacitors and feedthroughs. The connection cables to the capacitor should
be designed for a current of at least 1.5 times the rated current so
When a capacitor is switched to an AC system, the result is a
that no heat is conducted into the capacitor. If reactors are used
resonant circuit damped to a greater or lesser degree. In addition
in an application, the distance between reactor and capacitor
to the rated current, the capacitor accepts a transient current that
must be great enough so that no heat of the reactors, which are
is a multiple of (up to 200 times), its rated current. Fast switching,
operating at a much higher temperature level, is conducted via
low-bounce contactors should be used, and have the switching
connection cable to the capacitors.
capacity for capacitive currents stated by the producer. Special
capacitor contactor with leading contacts that feature precharging Avoid bending cable lugs, cables or other mechanical force on
resistors to damp inrush currents are recommended. As per IEC the terminals. Otherwise leakages may set the safety device out
60831 standard, a maximum of 5,000 switching operations per of operation.
year is acceptable. Ensure firm fixing of terminals, fixing torque to be applied as per
individual specification.
Discharging
Maximum specified terminal current (please refer to technical
Capacitors must be discharged to a maximum of 10% of rated
data of specific series) must not be exceeded at any case.
voltage before they are switched in again. This prevents an
electric impulse discharge in the application, influences the Grounding
capacitor's useful life in PFC systems, and protects against The threaded bottom stud of the capacitor has to be used for
electric shock. The capacitor must be discharged to 50 V or less grounding. In case grounding is done via metal chassis that the
within 60 sec. There must not be any switch, fuse or any other capacitor is mounted to, the layer of varnish beneath the washer
disconnecting device in the circuit between the power capacitor and nut should be removed.
and the discharging device.
Storage and operating conditions
Caution : Discharge capacitor before handling! Do not use or store capacitors in corrosive atmosphere, especially
Capacitors in networks with harmonics where chloride gas, sulfide gas, acid, alkali, salt or the like are
present. In dusty environments regular maintenance and cleaning
Harmonics are produced in the operation of electric loads with
especially of the terminals is required to avoid conductive path
a nonlinear voltage/current characteristic (e.g. rectifiers and
between phases and / or phases and ground.
inverters for drives, welding apparatus and uninterruptible power
supplies). Harmonics are sinusoidal voltages and currents with
higher frequencies of a multiple of the 50 or 60 Hz line frequency.

In low-voltage three-phase systems the 5th and 7th harmonics Faliure to follow cautions may result, worst
are especially troublesome. Detuned filter (capacitor and case, in premature faliures, bursting and fire.
reactor) should be used for power factor correction in systems
subject to harmonics. These represent a series resonant circuit
82
Reactive Power Solutions

Planning power factor correction


CHECK LIST

Introduction
This document shall help identifying the key application criteria for a secure and economic solution in Power Factor Correction (PFC).

Which loads have to be provided with Power Factor Correction?


Inductive loads
• Motors • Transformers

Non-linear loads
• Converters, Rectifiers, Inverters, Choppers • Thyristor Controls, Three-Phase Controllers
• Electronic Valves Phase Controls • UPS units (inverter technology)
• Discharge lamps with Magnetic Ballasts

Attention! Non-linear loads generate harmonics.

What are the power demand and the duty cycle of the loads?
Power demand, duty cycle Solution
• Constant power demand and long duty cycle • Single- or group- fixed PFC
• Variable power demand and/or variable duty cycle • Controlled central PFC

When is it necessary to install a detuned PFC system?


Please use the following chart to find out whether a detuned system is needed
• Sos : ST • Detuning
• 0%... 10% • Non-detuned
• >10%... 50% • Detuned
• >40%...100% • Detailed calculation needed, if necessary use of filter circuit

Abbreviations: Sos power of the harmonic generator in the own network


ST rated transformer power or installed load

A detuned PFC system is also necessary


• If one or more harmonic voltages in the MV mains are >2%, and/or
• If certain audio frequency control signals are used (see point 5)

Attention! Non-detuned and detuned capacitors must never be combined together.

Summarizing General Technical Data


Type of PFC parameters of the mains
• Fixed PFC • Rated mains voltage/frequency ...V / ...Hz
• Automatic control system • Control voltage/frequency ...V / ...Hz

PFC data Ambient conditions


• Reactive power by rated mains voltage …KVAr • Protection IP …
• Stages (sections) x reactive power …x…KVAr • Ambient temperature min … °C
• Detuning factor …% • max …°C

Note: *Other KVAr Rating / Voltage are Available on Request. *Detuned Anti Resonance Filter APFC Panel on Request.

83
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Representative Offices: • Goa • Solapur • Gwalior • Kathmandu • Bhopal

Although every effort has been made to ensure accuracy in the compliation of the technical detail within this publication.
Specifications and performance data are constantly changing. Current details should therefore be checked with Havells Group.

Havells India Ltd.


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CIN - L31900DL1983PLC016304.