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“Profiling on Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan & Barangay Gusa”

A Criminological Research

Presented to

The Faculty of the Criminology Department

Cagayan de Oro College

PHINMA Education Network

Cagayan de Oro City

In partial fulfillment

of the Requirements of the Degree

Bachelor of Science in Criminology

By
Pagtiilan, Mark Ryan O.
Jimenez, Rhogie L.
APPROVAL SHEET

This Thesis entitled “Profiling on Drug Surrenderres in Barangay Lapasan &


Barangay Gusa” prepared and submitted, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for
the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Criminology, has been examined and
recommended for acceptance and approval for Oral Examination.

NEGOSA, HADEMAR JOEY M.

Adviser

PANEL OF EXAMINERS

APPROVED by the Committee on Oral Examination with a grade of _______.

ROAN SALON

Member

______________________________________________________________________

ACCEPTED and APPROVED in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the


Degree of Bachelor of Science in Criminology.

Comprehensive Examination Passed on _____________________

DR. GERRY J. CAÑO

DEAN OF GRADUATE SCHOOL


ABSTRACT

TITLE : “Profiling on Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan &


Barangay Gusa”

AUTHOR : Pagtiilan, Mark Ryan O


Jimenez, Rhogie L.

TYPE OF DOCUMENT : Research

TYPE OF PUBLICATION : Unpublished

HOST INSTITUTION : Cagayan de Oro College

ADDRESS : Max Suniel St.Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City

REGION : X

KEYWORD : Drug Surrenderees

SUMMARY

This descriptive on the Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan & Barangay

Gusa, the profile of the respondents according to independent variable such as age,

civil status, educational attainment, years of using drugs and type of drug used. This

research dealt to study the Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan & Barngay Gusa.

The study was conducted through surveying in the Barangay Hall of Lapasan &

Gusa where the information of surrenderees. The researchers must obtain details or

informations of the surrenderees through conducting interview to the designated person

at the Barangay Hall.Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage were used

to describe the profile of surrenderees.


ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers gratefully acknowledge with sincere appreciation to all persons

who helped in making this study to done.

The community of Barangay Lapasan & Gusa, Cagayan de Oro City, for their

favorable participation in the study.

To the instructors/instructresses who shared their knowledge and experiences.

Above all, the researchers want to thank God for the great things that He has

done. For Giving the opportunity to experience the life real/setting of a researcher.
DEDICATION

First of all the researcher dedicate this to the Lord God Almighty, for the

guidance and all the blessings.

We would like to dedicate this research work to our parents, friend, classmates

and to our relatives who are sources of inspiration to our life.


Table of Contents

CHAPTER TITLE

Approval Sheet i

Abstract ii

Acknowledgment vii

Dedication viii

Table of Contents ix

List of Tables xii

1 The Problem

Introduction 1

Conceptual Framework 4

Schema of the Study 6

Statement of the Problem 7

Significance of the study

Definition of Terms 10

2 Review of Related Literature and Studies


Foreign Setting 12

Local Setting 14

3 Research Methodology

Research Design 17

Research Setting 18

Sampling Procedure 18

Respondents of the Study 18

Research Instrument 18

Data Collection Procedure 19

Categorization of Variables 20

Statistical Treatment 22

4 Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation 23

of Data

5 Summary, Findings, Conclusions and 28

Recommendations

Summary 28

Findings 29

Conclusions 31

Recommendations 32
Bibliography

1. Books 33

2. Internet Sources 35

Appendices

Appendix “A”

Appendix “B”

Appendix “C”

Appendix “D”

Appendix “E”

Curriculum Vitae
List of Tables

TABLE TITLE

1.1 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms of Age

1.2 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms of Civil status

1.3 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents In terms of Educational

attainment

1.4 Frequency Distribution of Surenderees in terms of Years of using

drugs

1.5 Frequency Distribution of Surrenderees In terms of Type of Drug

Used

2.1 Nos. of Drug Surrenderees in Lapasan

2.2 Nos. of Drug Surrenderees In Gusa

3.1 Nos. of Completers In Lapasan

3.2 Nos. of Completers In Gusa


List of Figure

FIGURE TITLE

1 The Schematic Diagram of Variables involved in this Study


CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM

INTRODUCTION

Men are guided in their actions by ideas and conviction. They function according

to the principles they esteem as worth espousing and working for, these are so-called

values. Values must conform to the standards that respect human dignity, common

good for the society; then men and their actions become morally upright, another one

can understand that the acquisition of the correct values and their practices is really

moral or ethical.

In a democratic state, the individual enjoys certain rights which cannot be

modified or taken away by law-making body; these rights are recognized or guaranteed

because of the belief in the inherent dignity of worth of every human person. (Philippine

Constitution, 2002)

The problem in Barangay Lapasan & Barangay Gusa is the drug addiction

among residents living in that particular area. A term denotes a person, whether the

said person belong to the age of minority or majority, who is taking drugs regularly

especially the prohibited drugs, referring to those persons who are taking drugs for their

own pleasure. The flaws in current drug education programs, first, they equate the drug

use and can be used interchangeably and lastly, a mainstay of drug education that use

of prohibited drugs such as Marijuana leads to use of harder and expensive drugs such

as Shabu and Cocaine.

Knowing the challenges of police role in a free society and the ever dynamic

world of highly organized, professional and knowledgeable individuals, the performance


of police officers in the event of their duties towards drug related cases may be affected

in striving to attain and elicit necessary information as cases of constitutional and legal

violation are rampant.

There are factors that associate the viewpoints Level of Drug Addiction in

Barangay Lapasan and Gusa to determine the possibilities of violation they committed

in relation to the norms of society and to conduct an Interview, Investigation and

Observation in the designated area whether minors are safe from drug addiction.

Age is primordial important factor in explaining the behaviors and attitude for an

individual’s interest change as one grows older. Barbour (1997) explained that when an

individual reaches maturity level, said person is more capable of facing the realities and

greater tasks in life.

Educational Attainment or Qualifications plays an important role in the person’s

performance. A concept of education which was given by Eggen (1999) means that

education is the most powerful factor that influences performance. Education

consistently predicts intelligence. Fornilos (1983) as cited by Han (2001) stressed out

that a person’s attitude is generally influenced by his educational attainment.

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

The dependent variables are the nos. of drug surrenderees in the year 2017-

2018 and the nos. of completers or those who undergone Community-Based Drug

Rehabilitation Program recorded at the Barangay Hall of Lapasan & Gusa.


SCHEMA OF THE STUDY

INDEPENDENT VARIBLE DEPENDENT VARIABLE

PROFILE ;OF RESPONDENTS PROFILE OF


IN TERMS SURRENDEREES IN
LAPASAN AND ;GUSA IN
TERMS
AGE

CIVIL STATUS NOS. OF DRUG


EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT SURRENDEREES IN THE
YEAR 2017-2018
YEARS OF USING DRUGS
NOS. OF COMPLETERS OF
TYPE OF DRUG USED CBDRP

Figure 1. The Schematic Diagram of the variables involved in this study.


STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This study sought to determine the “Drug Surrenderres in Barangay Lapasan and

Gusa”. Specifically, this study sought to answer the following questions :

1. What is the profile of surrenderres in terms of:

1.1 Age

1.2 Civil Status

1.3 Educational attainment

1.4 Years of Using Drugs

1.5 Types Of Drugs Used

2. How many drug surrenderees and completers in the year 2017 and 2018 :

2.1 Nos. of drug surrenderees

2.2 Nos. of completers of CBDRP

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY :

This research will be intended to study the “Number of Drug Surrenderees in

Barangay Lapasan and Gusa”. This study focused only on total of 72 persons who are

drug surrenderees. Thus, the findings of this study are limited to residents in Barangay

Lapasan and Gusa as the researchers conduct interviewed, investigation and

observation in the said place. Moreover, the study is limited to calendar year, 2017 and

2018.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY :

The findings of this study will provide information through conducting an

interview, investigation and observation in the designated place to investigate the

number of Drug surrenderees in the Barangay Lapasan and Gusa and the researchers

believes that the findings of this present study can be helpful and directly beneficial to

the following:

GOVERNMENT – The findings of this present study will provide information on

how the government helps in the prevention of crime. In effect, the government may be

able to formulate alternative solutions to cure down the incident of drug addiction among

minors in the community.

COMMUNITY - The result of this present study will help the community

especially its people to know their individual roles in helping the authorities in prevention

of crime as to drug addiction among minors.

PHILIPPINE NATIONAL POLICE – As the implementer of peace and order in

the community, assess the need to pursue and expound the horizon of police patrol.

This study the organization effectively in supervising the responsibility of its officers as

law enforcers.

THE STUDENTS OF BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN CRIMINOLOGY – Through

this research, students may absorb on how laws and regulation are implemented so as

to give an idea on the importance of law enforcement in difference to drug addiction. As


future law enforcers on duty, this will enhance their knowledge and skills, assist the

students in their search for information with regards to drug addiction matters and will

serve as a literature to enrich their lore in the field of law enforcement.

FUTURE RESEARCHER – The result of this study will be able to contribute and

add ideas to the future researcher for future reference that will give aid to them and

extend the research based on its findings and recommendations.

DEFINITION OF TERMS :

For purposes of clarity and for reference on how indicators will be measured,

important terms are defined in its operational and technical definition for better

appreciation and understanding as used in this study.

Addiction – refers to the act wherein a person indulge in activity which might

alter his or her attention.

Crime – refers to an act or omission in violation of a public law.

Dependent Variable – variable being affected or assumed to be affected by the

independent variable.

Drug – chemical substance which affects the user’s physiological and

psychological aspect and potential for abuse.


Drug Addiction – refers to the intoxication produced by frequent consumption of

prohibited drugs.

Independent Variable – a variable that affects the dependents variable under

study and is included in the research design so that its effect can be determined.

Peace and Order – refers to a calm and organized community.

Police – persons who are charged to practice law enforcement activity for the

general welfare and benefit of all.

Public – refers to the community or people who resides in the Lapasan and

Gusa.

Surrenderee – the person to whom the surrender of the state is made.


CHAPTER 2

REVIEW ON RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

This chapter considers a number of literature and studies that have some

relevance to this study. These are categorized in two sections namely related literature

and related studies in foreign and local setting.

FOREIGN SETTING

Being rational, man alone has sense of right and wrong, hence only man has

thinking on calculating right and wrong. Morality makes a human being and lack of it

makes an animal act as animal (Campbell, et al. 2000).

There are no doubt, advocates on both ends of spectrum in the debate regarding

whether or not a law enforcement is a profession towards conducting operation in drug

related cases however, not all of us recognized this as a profession unless we start

doing certain things better, we must create proper framework for doing the right thing at

the right time (Hall, 1992).

The obvious implication is that both criminal justice policies and the most harmful

effects of drug use will have their greatest impacts in the same neighbourhoods and

among minority populations suffering from other disadvantages, even though drug users

as opposed to exceptionally heavy users are probably spread fairly evenly throughout

the population. The concentration in minority population contributes importantly to the

facts that as many as 30 percent of black youths are in some way under the control of it.
This describes the trends of use over time and their relationship to social attitudes

toward particular drugs and perceptions of dangerousness of those drugs. Two critical

facts are hardly surprising: the first is a natural consequence of the inability of many

heavy users and their resulting recourse to crime and the second is an inevitable result

of frequent offending. (Heyman and Browns Berger, 2001)

Behavior is a means of adapting to environmental demands and psychological

capacities have evolved during each species’ history because they facilitated adaptation

and survival. Our biological endowment helps to determine the kinds of experiences in

drugs that we have and we can have in future, as a science, this is empirical in meaning

where the young by age expresses their favor towards drug dependency and maximum

tolerance must be noticed as a means of attaining knowledge about group behavior in

drug intoxication and knowledge when minor user is all alone and when they “Interact”

with one another in complex ways. (Passer and Smith, 2009)

One of the goals of criminal law is to eliminate the need for personal revenge,

turning the punishment of criminal offenses over to the state. While crime rates involving

minors under the influence of drugs in the United States are higher than in most other

Western Nations, violence abroad is not unknown. The availability of drugs in the hands

of teens. While youths aged 13 to 17, collectively, make up about 6% of the total U.S.

population, they account for about 30% of the index crime arrest rate and 18% of arrest

for all types of crimes. (Siegel, 2002)

Marijuana in difference to teenagers has two clear effects on memory. First, it

makes short-term memory more susceptible to interference. People under the influence
may lose the thread of a conversation or forget what they are saying in the middle of the

sentence because of momentary distractions and second, marijuana disrupts learning

by interfering with the transfer of new information from short-term to long-term memory.

(de Wit, Kirk and Justice, 1998)

Model policy states that officers are responsible for observance of all laws,

regulations and orders. This may appear a first glance to be a matter of fundamental

nature as not to deserve specific mention in an agency policy. Reality dictates and

history at some officers whether through misguided zeal, drug carelessness and for

some other reasons. This element is intended to stress out the importance of rule of law

in accordance with the performance of drug prevention and for all officers and to hold

each personnel accountable for any misconduct or incompetencies in performing police

work (Kinzler, 1995).

LOCAL SETTING

Human behavior is adjudged by the standards of good and bad. Members of

society may lead to criminality when there is a source of drug dependency as pattern

and standardize their behavior in accordance with so-called values. Those who fail to do

so or violate accepted behavioral patterns face the prospect of being ostracized or

censured by members of society (Panopio et al, 1994).

The availability or the access to prohibited drugs is where the teenagers gain the

intoxication feeling. Rampant use of illegal drugs must be stopped in order for the
teenagers to achieve harmony in their life and live a happy and drug-free living. Many

who are drug providers in highly urbanized areas in the Philippines who are to be called

drug protector and even drug lords. The use of Shabu, Marijuana and Cocaine is the

primary of all drugs, prohibited drugs that has been used all over the country, thus that

drug addiction leads to drug dependence and drug dependence leads to crimes, of

various crimes where they know that they are exempted from punishment for they are

would-be youthful offender. (Salvador and Geronimo, 2011)

Tolerance is not the same as addiction or dependence. Dependence is physiological

and often seen on cessation of a drug eliciting a withdrawal syndrome. Opioids can

cause both tolerance and dependence and given enough time, these effects are

expected pharmacologically. Addiction, however, is a psychological phenomenon and

the drug becomes the focus of behaviour. Although a patient may present with

tolerance, dependence and addiction is a regularly expected pharmacologic outcome in

pain management.

(http://www.google.com.ph/tolerance_addiction_&dependence%.html – Retrieved

February 4, 2018).

The term psychoactive drugs refers to drugs that affects behavior, consciousness

and or mood. These drugs includes not only illegal “street” drugs when introduced into

the body of a teenager such such as heroin and marijuana and even legal drugs such

as tranquilizers, stimulants and wide use of alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. Drug

Dependence has three (3) key characteristics when used and or acquired by teenagers:

(1)tolerance;(2)withdrawal and (3)compulsive use.

(http://www.fda.gov/Drug_Dependence/Guidance.html - Retrieved February 1, 2018)


Thus, on our attempt to discuss Filipino traits which are equally part of Filipinos

humanity, we also tried to tackle Filipino values or stand in viewpoint of drug related

cases. Having treated considerable data on Filipino Core Values as both ambivalent

and bipolar , we might conclude that Filipino values are undergoing on process of

gradual changes, we infer that this is an indication of higher consciousness of Filipino

about today (Babor, 1990).

Persons suspected of drug related cases, particularly those from poor families

referring to those extremely vulnerable of coercion, intimidation, concealment and other

forms harassment and even deception (Legarda, 2006).


CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter will present and discuss the methods and techniques that will be

used in obtaining the data and other information related to this study. This chapter

presents the research design, research setting of the study, research respondents and

sampling procedures, research instruments, data gathering procedures, categorization

of variables and statistical treatment of the collected data.

RESEARCH DESIGN

This study will be employing the descriptive survey method of research as this

study aims to describe the “Numbers of Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan and

Gusa”, in the individual’s engagement or the possible grounds for them to indulge in

drug use that may lead to drug addiction. This research plan will be expected to provide

basis for future action in the administration of justice system in the Philippines.

The descriptive method as defined by Good (1988) as cited by Bautista in his

Master’s Thesis that, is one that includes research on present facts or conditions

concerning the status or nature of a person or class of events that may involve

procedures of classification and measurement. A descriptive study determines and

reports the way things are. Hence, the researcher’s consider this approach suitable to

the present study.


RESEARCH SETTING

This study will be conducted within the jurisdiction of Barangay Lapasan ans

Gusa about the “Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan and Gusa” in order for the

researchers to know the status of individuals.

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT

This study utilized spontaneous the data we gathered at Barangay Lapasan and

Gusa available at the time about they surrendered to their respective barangays.

DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE

The research will be conducted in the area or jurisdiction of Barangay Lapasan

and Gusa. The researchers will have to approach the person assigned at barangay hall

around even the public officials and be explained unto them the study in order to gather

the needed data. The researchers will have to ask written permission from the Barangay

Officials to conduct this study about the “Drug Surrenderees in Barangay Lapasan and

Gusa” in order for the researchers to get legal information.The researchers will have to

take note the answers given by the person being interviewed.

CATEGORIZATION OF VARIABLES

The following categories are created to aid in the analysis and interpretation of

the data gathered from the place of survey :


1. Age

20 years old and below

21 – 30 years old

31 - 40 years old

41 – 50 years old

51 and above

2. Civil Status

Single Married Widowed

3. Educational Attainment

Elementary level/graduate

High School level/graduate

College level/graduate

4. Years of using drugs


1 year below

1-3 years

4-7 years

8-10 years

10 years and above

5. Types of Dugs Used

Shabu

Shabu/Marijuana

STATISTICAL TREATMENT

The following tools will be employed in this study :

1. Frequency Distribution will be used for the profiling of surrenderees in terms of

age, civil status, educational attainment. Years of using drugs and type of drug

used.
CHAPTER 4

Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

This chapter focuses on the presentation , analysis and interpretation of data


gathered.

Problem 1. What is the profile of surrenderees in terms of:

Table 1.1

Frequency and percentage distribution of surrenderees in terms of age.

T
a
b Profile on Age Frequency Percentage
l
e 20 years & below 8 11.11

1 21-30 24 33.33
.
1 31-40 26 36.11

41-50 12 16.66

50 and above 2 2.77


I
TOTAL 72 100

In this table it shows the frequency and percentage distribution of surrenderees

in terms of age. It has found that the highest frequencies are those ages from 31-40 yrs.

old has with a percentage of 36.11%. Second, are those ages from 21-30 yrs. old with

frequency of 24 or equivalent to 33.33% followed by those ages from 41-50 yrs. old with

a frequency of 12 surrenderees or 16.66%. Fourth, ages from 20 yrs. old & below with

a frequency of 8 or a percentage of 11.11% and the lowest one are those ages from 50

yrs old and above with a frequency of 2 or a percentage of 2.77%.


Table 1.2

Frequency and percentage distribution in terms of civil status.

Civil status Frequency Percentage

Single 44 61.11

Married 25 34.72

Widowed 3 4.16

Total 72 100

In this table it show the frequency and percentage distribution of surrenderees in

terms of civil status. It has been found that the highest frequency of 44 surrenderees or

61.11% are those who are “singles” followed by those “married person” with frequency

of 25 surrenderres or a percentage of 34.72% and lastly are those “widowed” with a

frequency of 3 surrenderees or a percentage 4.16%.


Table 1.3

Frequency and percentage distribution in terms of educational attainment:

Educational attainment Frequency Percentage

Elementary level/grad 11 15.27

High school level/grad 39 54.16

College level/grad 22 30.55

Total 72 100

In this table it shows the frequency and percentage distribution n of surrenderees

in terms of educational attainment. Most surreenderees who engaged in drugs are

those high school level/graduate with a frequency of 39 surrenderees or a percentage of

54.16%, next are those person who are college level/graduate with a frequency of 22

surrenderees or a percentage of 30.55% and the lowest people engaged are those in

elementary level or graduate with a frequency of 11 surrenderees or a percentage of

15.27%
Table 1.4

Frequency and percentage distribution in terms of years of using drugs:

Years of Using Drugs Frequency Percentage

1 year below 30 41.66

1-3 years 29 40.27

4-7 years 8 11.11

8-10 years 2 2.77

More than 10 years 3 4.16

Total 72 100

In this table it shows the frequency and percentage distribution of surrenderees

in terms of years of using drugs. The table shows that highest nos.of drug surrenderees

are those below 1 year with a frequency of 30 or a percentage 41.66%. Second are

those 1-3 years with a frequency of 29 or a percentage of 40.27%, next are those 4-7

years of using drugs with a frequency of 8 or percentage 11.11% . Fourth are those not

more than 10 years of using drugs with a frequency of 3 or a percentage of 4.16%.

Lastly are those persons in the ranges of 8-10 years with just 2 surrenderees or

equivalent of 2.77%.
Table 1.5

Frequency and percentage distribution in terms of type of drug used:

Drug Used Frequency Percentage

Shabu 54 75

Shabu/Marijuana 18 25

Total 72 100

Table 1.5 shows the frequency and percentage distribution of surrenderees in terms

of type of drug used.It has been found that 54 suurenderees or 75% of total number

were using shabu, while the remaining 18 surrenderees or 25% were using drugs of

both shabu and marijuana.


Problem 2. How many drug surrenderres in the year 2017 and 2018:

Table 2.1(A)

Frequency and percentage distribution of drug surrenderees in Lapasan

Year Nos. of surrenderees Percentage

2017 16 42.10

2018 22 57.89

Total 38 100

In this table it shows the frequency and percentage distribution of drug

surrenderres in Lapasan.There were a total of 38 surrenderees. There were more

surrenderees in Lapasan in the year 2018 than 2017.There were 22 surrenderees

from 2018 with a percentage of 57.89%, while there were 16 surrenderees in 2017

with a percentage of 42.10%.


Table 2.1(B)

Frequency and percentage distribution of drug surrenderees in Gusa

Year Nos. of surrenderees Percentage

2017 13 38.23

2018 21 61.76

Total 34 100

In this table it shows the frequency and percentage distribution of drug

surrenderees in Gusa. There were more surrenderees in Gusa in the year 2018 than

2017.The total number were 34 surrenderees, 21 surrenderees or 61.67% of its total

number were from 2018 and 13 surrenderees or 38.23% were from 2017.
Table 2.2(A)

Frequency and percentage distribution of Completers of CBDRP in Lapasan

Year NOs. of Completers Percentage

2017 14 48.27

2018 15 51.72

Total 29 100

In this table, it shows Frequency and percentage distribution of Completers of


CBDRP in Lapasan. The total number of 29 completers of CBDRP. The majority of 15
surrenderees or equivalent to 51.72% were coming from 2018,while 14 surrenderees or
48.27% were coming from 2017.
Table 2.2(B)

Frequency and percentage distribution of Completers of CBDRB in Gusa

Year Nos. of Completers Percentage

2017 9 32.14

2018 19 67.85

Total 28 100

In this tableit shows the frequency and percentage distribution of Completers of


CBDRB in Gusa. It shows the total nos. of completers in Gusa.There were 28 numbers
of completers in Gusa.The majority of completers were from 2018 with a number of 19
completers and a percentage of 67.85% , while in 2017 there were only 9 completers
with a percentage of 32.14%.
CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY, FINDINGS,CONCLUSIONS and RECOMMENDATIONS

This chapter presents the summary, conclusions and recommendations of the

study on the basis of findings in the preceding chapter.

SUMMARY

This descriptive on th Drug Surenderees in Barangay Lapasan and Barangay

Gusa, the profile of the surrenderees according to independent variable such as age ,

civil status, educational attainment, years of using drugs and type of drug used. Drug

Pusher.

The study was conducted through surveying in the Barangay Hall where the

information of surrenderees found at the vicinity of Barangay Lapasan and Gusa,

Cagayan de Oro City.The researchers must obtain a complete detail or information

from the assigned person at Barangay Hall through conducting interview.but the

researchers must explain about the interview in order to show that this research will be

legally conducted and to show that this study will be on academic purposes only and

their answers be kept confidential, the survey questionnaire served as the means of

data gathering as well as varied statistical tools were employed.

Descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentage were used to describe

the profile of surrenderees


FINDINGS

The following findings were derived from the data gathered :

Majority or 26 percent of the surrenderees were in the age range of 31-40.

Majority or 61.11percent of the surrenderees were singles.

Majority or 54 percent of the surenderees were High School Level or Graduate.

Majority or 41 percent of the surrenderees were using drugs not more than a year.

Majority or 75 percent of the surrenderees were using shabu.

For the Nos. of surrenderees

In Lapasan:

Majority of surrenderees are in the year 2018.

In Gusa:

Majority of surrenderess are in the year of 2018.

For the of completers of CBDRP.

It has found that most completers are those persons who continued to attend

rehabilitation programs.
CONCLUSIONS

1. Based on the gathered findings the conclusions made.

2. A total of 72 overall surrenderees separate Barangay Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro

City and Barangay Gusa, Cagayan de Oro City were subjected to this study.The

majority of surrenderees are in the ages 31-40 years old.

3. The level of educationa plays important role in the community to assist the public

about the effects of drugs.

RECOMMENDATIONS

 Used as basis for developing action plans in improving the quality of lives of

individuals.

 Every person in the locality must observe and be more inspired to help who need

immediate assistance who are under the influence of prohibited drugs.

 The government must establish “Drug Education” to promote the development of

citizen especially minors in nature.

 For future researchers, this study may be replicated with new variables or

indicators for further study on the said topic.


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Publishing

Siegel, Larry J (2002). Criminology : Theories, Patterns and Typologies. 6th Edition .

McGraw-Hill Companies

Stanton, Duncan M. & Todd, Thomas C. (1982). The family therapy of drug abuse

and addiction. The Guilford Press, New York


2. INTERNET SOURCES

(http://drugcrime.com/law_on _choices_affect_teenagers_life)

(http://drugcrime.com/law_on_Juvenile)

(http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/Guidance_Compliance_Regulatory_Information/Guidances/u

cm134966.html)

(http://www.fda.gov/Drug_Dependence/Guidance.html)

(http://www.google.com.ph/tolerance_addiction_&dependence%.html)
APPENDICES

A. Letter to the Barangay Authorities

B. Letter to the Respondents (English Version)

C. Survey Questionnaire for the Respondents (English Version)

D. Letter to the Respondents (Visayan Version)

E. Survey Questionnaire for the Respondents (Visayan Version)


APPENDIX “ A “

Cagayan de Oro College


PHINMA EDUCATION NETWORK
Mac Suniel St. Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City
Criminology Department

Hon. Tibor Donyo


Zone Chairman
Lapasan, Cagayan de Oro City

The undersigned is presently conducting a study entitled “Drug Surrenderres in Lapasan


and Gusa Cagayan de Oro City”. This is a partial fulfillment of the requirements for Bachelor of
Science in Criminology at Cagayan de Oro College, Phinma Education Network Carmen
Campus.
It is hoped that the results of this study will help the Public to improve and enhance the
knowledge of everyone related to this study.
Relative thereto, may we request in your good office to allow us to conduct the data
gathering phase of this study. Rest assured that all answers from the respondents be kept
confidential.
Thank you very much.

Truly yours,
Pagtiilan, Mark Ryan O.
Jimenez, Rhogie L.

Researchers

Noted by :
________________
Research Instructor
APPENDIX “ B “

Dear Respondents,

The Researchers would like to undertake a research study for purely

academic purposes only. Any responses you contribute will be treated as

confidential and never be divulged for whatever purposes against your interest.

This questionnaire is designed to obtain necessary information for further

improvement of this study. Your answer to this questionnaire will be treated with

utmost confidentiality.

Thank You very much.

Yours truly,

Pagtiilan, Mark Ryan O.

Jimenez,Rhogie L.

Researchers
APPENDIX “ C ”

General Direction : Kindly give your Honest and Sincere answers to every

questions in this questionnaire. Put a check or slash (/) on the box provided

based on your answer that best describes your identity.

Part 1. Profile of Respondent

1. Age

20 years old and below

21 – 30 years old

31 - 40 years old

41 – 50 years old

51 and above

2. Civil Status

Single Married Widowed


3. Educational Attainment

Elementary level

High School level

College level

4. Years of Using

1year below

1-3 years

4-7 years

8-10 years

More than 10 years

5. Type of drug used

Shabu

Shabu/Marijuana
APPENDIX “ D “

Tinahud kong mga Kaigsuonan,

Mi-anhi kami diri aron sa pagmugna sa among pag research mahitungod sa mga
surenderi sa druga sa atong mga katawhan karong panahuna. Bisan unsa nga
mamahimong imong tubag amo kining pagahilumon.

Ang mga pangutana nga nahilatid sa among questionnaire gi-desinyo para


makakuha ug maayong impormasyon.

Daghan Kaayong Salamat.

Kaninyo matinahuron,

Pagtiilan, Mark Ryan O.

Jimenez, Rhogie L.

Researchers
APPENDIX “ E “

Palihog tubaga sa tinuod ug sa kinasing-kasing ang mga pangutana. Butangi ug

tsek o badlis (/) sa bakante nga kahon nga nagpaila nga mao imong tubag.

Unang Hugna. Ang Respondente

1. Edad

20 anyos paubos

21 – 30 anyos

31 – 40 anyos

41 – 50 anyos

51 anyos ug pataas
2. Estado Sibil

Batan-on Minyo Balo

3. Edukasyong Nakab-ot

Elementarya

Sekondarya

Kolehiyo

4. Tuig sa paggamit

1 ka tuig paubos

1-3 ka tuig

4-7 ka tuig

8-10 ka tuig

10 ka tuig pataas
5. Klasi sa druga nga gigamit

shabu

shabu ug marijuana
CURRICULUM VITAE