Anda di halaman 1dari 7

LESSON PLAN FOR GRADE 9 – MATHEMATICS

SOLVING RIGHT TRIANGLES USING TRIGONOMETRIC RATIOS

I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, 75 % of the students should be able to:


a. identify trigonometric ratios to use in solving the missing sides of a right triangle;
b. solve missing sides of a right triangle using trigonometric ratios; and
c. apply trigonometric ratios in real world.

II. Learning Task

A. Subject Matter
1. Concept/Ideas: Trigonometric ratios can be used in solving the missing
sides of a right triangle given the measure of the
hypotenuse and an acute angle of a right triangle or the
measure of one leg and an acute angle of a right triangle.
2. Process/Skills: Demonstrating the process of solving the missing sides of
the triangle using trigonometric ratios.
3. Value Focus: Developing collaboration, patience and persistency
among the students.

B. References: Advanced Algebra, Trigonometry and Statistics IV, Dilao (2009)


Making Connections in MATHEMATICS IV, Mangaldan et. Al.(2004)
Math Connections in the Digital Age 9, Antonio et. Al. (2015)

C. Materials: Colored Paper, Manila Paper, Colored Chalk, Blackboard, Pentel Pen,
Eraser, Scotch Tape, Scissors, Ruler, Scientific Calculator

III. Development Activities

Teacher’s Activity Students’ Response


A. Pre - Activity

1. Prayer

Good morning class! Good morning Sir!


Everybody stand, let us pray. (One student will lead the prayer).

Kindly pick up pieces of paper around (The students will pick up pieces of paper).
you and put it in the trash.

Okay, you may sit down. Thank you Miss!

(Calling of attendance and checking of


assignment)

2. Review

Who can recall what we have Last meeting we discussed about solving the
discussed last meeting? missing angles of a right triangle using
trigonometric ratios.

Thank you.

What are the six trigonometric ratios? The six trigonometric ratios are sine, cosine,
tangent, cosecant, secant, and cotangent.
Very Good!

Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN


What is our mnemonic in finding for the SOH – CAH – TOA and CHO – SHA- CAO
value of the six trigonometric ratios?

Very Good!

Are there questions regarding the None


previous topic?

Are you ready for our next topic? Yes Sir!

3. Motivation

On the board are two right triangles. (Students will answer)


Who can solve for the value of the
missing sides?

D
o g
o2 + d2 =g 2
2 2
3 +4 =g
2
Gd O
= =
2
9+16=g
2
25=g
√ 25=√ g2
5=g
=
3C ?
a 4t
2 2
c + a =t
2 2
8 +a =10
2

2
T c= A
= =
2
64+ a =100
a2=100−64
2
a =36

Very Good!
√ a2= √36
a=6 1
4. Presentation

Base on our previous activity, what do


you think is our topic today?
? 80
Our topic for today is solving for the missing
sides of a right triangle.
Exactly!

We are going to solve for the missing


sides of a right triangle given an acute
angle and at the length of at least one
of its sides but this time using
trigonometric ratios.
Before we proceed to our discussion,
what is an acute angle? Acute angle is an angle whose measure is
less than 90 ° .

Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN


B. Activity Proper

Now, we will divide the class into four


groups. Each group will be given a set
of activity. Kindly choose your leader,
secretary and reporter. You will be
given 10 minutes to analyze and
answer the activity and after that, your
reporter will present it in front.

Understood?
Yes Sir!
Very Good!

You may start answering now.


(ACTIVITY SHEETS)

GROUP 1
Solving a Right Triangle Given the Length
of the Hypotenuse and the Measurement of
One Acute Angle

Example: Solve for the value of a and r


.
The given is the hypotenuse and the
angle θ=58 ° .

Solution:
opp
R
t
sinθ =

a
hyp
a
sin 58° =
27 58

=T r= A
27 ( sin 58° )=a
22.90 ≈ a

=2
adj
cosθ=

cosθ=
hyp
r ?
?7
27
27 ( cos 58 ° )=r
14.31≈ r

P
Solve for the missing sides of the following
triangles.

1.
i g 47

=G p I
=
? =
3
?4
Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN
GROUP 2
Solving a Right Triangle Given the Length
of One Leg and the Measurement of One
Acute Angle

Example: Solve for the value of n and


m .
The given is the measure of one leg and the
angle θ=48 ° .

Solution:
adj
cosθ=
hyp
9
cos 48° =

d=
9
d
K
i d
cos 48°
d ≈13.45
opp 48
tanθ=
adj
tan 48° =
i
9
9 tan 48° =i
=D k I
10 ≈ i
=
Solve for the missing sides of the following

? =
triangles.

1.
M ?
a n
9 63

Nm A
= =
GROUP 3
Solving a Right Triangle Given the Length
of the Hypotenuse and the Measurement of
One Acute Angle

Example: Solve for the value of a and


. = r

1R ?
The given is the hypotenuse and the
angle θ=58 ° .

Solution:

1
a ?t
opp
sinθ =
hyp
a
sin 58° =
27 58

= T r= A
27 ( sin 58° )=a
22.90 ≈ a

? =2
adj
cosθ=
hyp

Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN ?7


r
cosθ=
27
27 ( cos 58 ° )=r
14.31≈ r

Solve for the missing sides of the following


triangles.

A
1.

n t 63

GROUP 4
T a= N
Solving a Right Triangle Given the Length

=
of One Leg and the Measurement of One
Acute Angle

=2
Example: Solve for the value of n and
m .
The given is the measure of one leg and the

? 4
angle θ=48 ° .

Solution:
adj

?
cos θ=
hyp
9
cos 48° =

d=
9
d
K
i d
cos 48°
d ≈13.45
opp 48
tanθ=
adj

Time’s up! Kindly present your works.


tan 48° =
i
9
9 tan 48° =i
=D k I
Very Good! (Giving of points to the
works of the students)
10 ≈ i
=
Solve for the missing sides of the following

?B =
triangles.
C. Post Activity

1. Analysis 1.
o y? 50

JY b O
What did you do in your activity?

9y
Very Good!

Let us have another example. Given


one acute angle and one leg of a
triangle, what do you think is the
Students present their works.
o= = 35

= Y j== O
measure of the remaining sides?

1 7 =??
Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN
0 ??
We solve for the missing sides of the right
triangle using the trigonometric ratios.

(Students will answer)

opp
sinθ =
hyp
10
Very Good. sin 35 °=
y
10
Given the length of the hypotenuse and y=
one acute angle of the right triangle, sin 35 °
what do you think is the measure of the y ≈17.43
remaining sides?
opp
tanθ=
adj
tan 35 °=
10
10
j L
j=

x
tan35 °
j ≈ 14.28
u
=X l = U
(Students will answer) 42

opp
sinθ =

? =1
Very Good! hyp
u
sin 42 °=
Now let us have the last example. 15

5
Suppose a 7 meters ladder leans on 15 ( sin 42 ° )=u
the top of the wall and forms 54 ° 10.04 ≈ u

?
angle with the ground. What is the
height of the wall? adj
cosθ=
hyp
l
cos 42°=
15
15 ( cos 42 ° )=l
11.15 ≈ l

(One student will illustrate the problem)


Very Good.

x 7
D. Abstraction/Summary
54
What did you learn in our lesson
today? 54

How could you solve for the missing (One student will solve the problem)
sides of a right triangle using opp
sinθ =
trigonometric ratios? hyp
x
Very Good! sin 54 °=
7

Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN


Are there any clarifications or some 7 ( sin 54 ° )=x
questions you would like to address 5.66 ≈ x
about the discussion? The height of the wall is 5.66 meters .
Did I make myself clear?

Since everything is clear, let’s have our


quiz. Get one-half piece of pad paper. We learn to solve for the missing sides of the
right triangle using the trigonometric ratios.
E. Application
Identify the given angle, the given
Given the right triangle, find for the leg/hypotenuse and then the missing sides.
value of the missing sides. Look for the correct trigonometric ratio s to be
used.
1. A
b c
None.

47

Yes Sir.

DC a B
2.
e= f= 69

F d== E
=? 1
IV. Evaluation

Instruction: Given the right triangle below, solve for the unknown. (1 point each)

=??4
1. 2.

S B
i r 68
e d ? 74

= R s= I Db E 1
3. A ladder leaning against a wall makes a 35 ° angle with the ground. The base of
the ladder is 3 meters from the wall. Find the height of the top of the ladder from

V. A = A
the ground and the length of the ladder. (3 points each)
Assignment
= = 3
b? c? b c
Instruction: Solve for the unknown. Refer to the given illustrations. (2 points each)

43
=
 ?

C a= B a=? B 1
1. 2.

C
1
= = 9
7 ?
=2 =7
? 0 3
Prepared By: CHRISTIAN E. SOLIGAN

? ?