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CORRUPTION

Corruption is any act of dishonesty or unethical conduct by an


individual entrusted with a position of power. Several people
especially young students have a lot of curiosity to know in detail
about corruption and its repercussions; more so because it is
impacting our country’s economic growth and prosperity.

The speech topic for today is corruption and I will address my


viewpoint on the same, particularly on political corruption. Ever
since the formation of our country, everything is dictated by the
political leaders and people ruling in the government sectors.
Apparently we are a democratic country, but whosoever comes
into the power tries to misuse that power for his/her personal
gains, for acquiring wealth and luxury. The common people, as
always, find themselves in a state of deprivation.

In our country, the gap between the haves and have-nots is so


huge that it becomes a clear example of corruption in our country
where one section of society acquires richness and wealth and
on the other hand the majority of the masses remain below the
poverty line. This is the reason why economy of certain nations
is facing a decline, such as the USA economy.

If we are a responsible citizen of our country, we should


understand that this corruption is eating into our nation’s
economical growth like a termite and is giving rise to crime in our
society. If the majority section of our society will continue to live
in deprivation and poverty and will not find any employment
opportunity, the crime rate will never come down. Poverty will
destroy people’s ethics and morals and would result in an
increase in hatred amongst the people. It is high time for us to
address this issue and fight it in order to pave way for the holistic
growth of our country.

The parliament should pass strict laws against the anti-social


elements of our society, regardless of the fact that whether such
people are within the political system of our country or outside it.
There should be an equal treatment for all.

If one were to think and evaluate the causes behind corruption,


then it could be countless. However, the most glaring reason
responsible for the vicious spread of corruption, I believe, is the
people’s non-serious attitude towards the governmental rules
and laws and the sheer inertia of government towards those who
spread evil in society. It appears that the ones who are employed
to put an end to corruption have themselves become complicit in
the crime and are encouraging it. Though there are various strict
laws like the Prevention of money Laundering Act; Indian Penal
Code of 1860 and the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988; to
name a few, but there is no serious implementation of these
laws.

Yet another important reason behind corruption is the non-


transparency of bureaucratic and governmental functions. In
particular, the institutions that are run under the government
show moral laxity and brush under the carpet serious issues. The
money that should be used for the upliftment of poor people is
gobbled up by the politicians themselves. Even worse, the
people who are not affluent and cannot bribe the people in power
are not able to get their work done and hence their files are fated
to meet the dust instead of stimulating action. Clearly, any
growing economy would come falling down when corrupt officials
hold the reign of a country.

The situation has become very tense and unless the general
public takes proactive measures and becomes vigilant, the
corruption cannot be uprooted from our society. So come let’s
join hands and fight against corruption.

Report on Guest Lecture:


Drug is any chemical substance that causes a physical or mental change in the structure or
function of the body. Example Marijuana, Heroin, Alcohol, Nicotine etc.

Any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical purposes is called
Substance Abuse.

There are different types of drugs like Stimulants, Depressants, Narcotics, Hallucinogens etc.

Stimulants are the substances which tend to increases or speed up the functions in the body
like heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and pupil size.
Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methyl amphetamine) is a potent central nervous
system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as
a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.

Methamphetamine is illicitly trafficked and sold owing to their potential for recreational use.
The highest prevalence of illegal methamphetamine use occurs in parts of Asia, Oceania, and
in the United States.

In low to moderate doses, methamphetamine can elevate mood, increase alertness,


concentration and energy in fatigued individuals, reduce appetite, and promote weight loss.

At relatively high doses, it can induce psychosis, breakdown of skeletal


muscle, seizures and bleeding in the brain.

Chronic high-dose use can precipitate unpredictable and rapid mood swings, stimulant
psychosis (e.g., paranoia, hallucinations, delirium, and delusions) and violent behavior.

Recreationally, methamphetamine's ability to increase energy has been reported to lift


mood and increase sexual desire to such an extent that users are able to engage in sexual
activity continuously for several days.

Methamphetamine is known to possess a high addiction liability (i.e., a high likelihood that
long-term or high dose use will lead to compulsive drug use) and high dependence liability
(i.e. a high likelihood that withdrawal symptoms will occur when methamphetamine use
ceases).

The physical effects of methamphetamine can include loss of appetite, hyperactivity, dilated
pupils, flushed skin, excessive sweating, increased movement, dry mouth and teeth
grinding (leading to "meth mouth"), headache, irregular heartbeat (usually as accelerated
heartbeat or slowed heartbeat.
The psychological effects of methamphetamine can include euphoria, dysphoria, changes
in libido, alertness, apprehension and concentration, decreased sense of
fatigue, insomnia or wakefulness, self-confidence, sociability, irritability,
restlessness, grandiosity and obsessive behaviors.
Unlike amphetamine, methamphetamine is directly neurotoxin to dopamine neurons in both
lab animals and humans. Moreover, methamphetamine neurotoxicity is associated with an
increased risk of Parkinson's disease, an effect which partially arises through excessive
cytosolic and synaptic production of reactive oxygen species and autoxidation of dopamine.

Depressants like alcohol, also known by its chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive
substance that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard
liquor).

It is one of the oldest and most common recreational substances, causing the characteristic
effects of alcohol intoxication ("drunkenness").
Alcohol has a variety of short-term and long-term adverse effects. Short-term adverse effects
include generalized impairment of neurocognitive function, dizziness, nausea, vomiting,
and hangover-like symptoms.

Alcohol can be addictive to humans, as in alcoholism, and can result


in dependence and withdrawal. It can have a variety of long-term adverse effects on health,
for instance liver damage, brain damage, and its consumption is the fifth leading cause of
cancer.

The adverse effects of alcohol on health are most important when it is used in excessive
quantities or with heavy frequency. However, some of them, such as increased risk of certain
cancers, may occur even with light or moderate alcohol consumption. In high amounts,
alcohol may cause loss of consciousness or, in severe cases, death.

It has both short term and long term effects.

Short terms affects are CNS impairment, gastrointestinal effects, allergic like reactions.

Long term effects may include brain damage, liver disease, birth defects, Cancer and others.
To talk to your teen about drugs:

 Ask your teen's views. Avoid lectures. Instead, listen to your teen's opinions and
questions about drugs. Assure your teen that he or she can be honest with you.
 Discuss reasons not to use drugs. Avoid scare tactics. Emphasize how drug use can
affect the things that are important to your teen — such as sports, driving, health and
appearance.
 Consider media messages. Social media, television programs, movies and songs can
glamorize or trivialize drug use. Talk about what your teen sees and hears.
 Discuss ways to resist peer pressure. Brainstorm with your teen about how to turn down
offers of drugs.
 Be ready to discuss your own drug use. Think about how you'll respond if your teen
asks about your own drug use. If you chose not to use drugs, explain why. If you did use
drugs, share what the experience taught you.

 Establish rules and consequences. Explain your family rules, such as leaving a party
where drug use occurs and not riding in a car with a driver who's been using drugs. If your
teen breaks the rules, consistently enforce consequences.
 Keep track of prescription drugs. Take an inventory of all prescription and over-the-
counter medications in your home.
 Provide support. Offer praise and encouragement when your teen succeeds. A strong
bond between you and your teen might help prevent your teen from using drugs.
 Set a good example. If you drink, do so in moderation. Use prescription drugs as directed.
Don't use illicit drugs.