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# ROARK'S FORMULA

## Tank Height, H = 196.85 in = 5000 mm

Tank ID, D = 305.12 in = 7750 mm

## Design Pressure = FULL LIQUID + 0 bar g

Design Temp. = 50 o
C
Material = SA 240 GR 304

Partition plate is fixed/supported by primary vertical structure (8" SCH 40 pipe) & secondary horizontal
structure (4" SCH 40 pipe). Panels within the support (3875 x 1650) is selected as an area for analysis,
where highest static liquid pressure is at the bottom panel.

3875

250

1650 350 x 4

## As per Table 11-4 Case No.1a Chapter 11 of Roark's 500 x 8

Rectangular plate, all edges simply supported, with uniform loads over entire plate.

S
g= 9.81 m/s2 a
ρliquid = 1000 kg/m 3
S b S
a= 19.69 in = 500.0 mm
b= 13.78 in = 350.0 mm
a/b = 1.4286 S
b = 0.4622 Loading q= ρliquid gH + 0 bar g
a = 0.0789 = 49050 + 0 N/m2
g = 0.4799 = 7.1123 + 0.0000 psi
E = 2.80E+07 psi = 7.1123 psi
= 2.22E+02 GPa = 49.0375 kPa

t= 0.2362 in = 6.0 mm
c.a = 0.0394 in = 1.0 mm
t (corr) = 0.1969 in = 5.0 mm
At Center,
Maximum Deflection, = -(aqb4)/Et3
= -2.41
= 2.41 mm < t/2 then O.K (para 11.1)

## = 16107 psi < σallowable 19624 psi. then OK

= 111 MPa < σallowable 135 MPa. then OK

## Material = SA 240 GR 304

Yield Stress, sy = 29733 psi = 205.0 MPa
Stress Ratio, s/sy = 0.542

## At center of long side,

Maximum reaction force per unit length normal to the plate surface,

R = g qb
= 47.03 lb/in
= 5313.56 N/mm
= 5313.56 MPa

Plate Thickness = 6 mm
STIFFENER CALCULATION (horizontal)

Maximum bending moment occurs at the point where dM/dx = 0 and shear force is zero,
that is, at the middle of the beam.

## Stiffener No. 1 (typical)

a= 500.00 mm = 19.685
98.00 lb/in b= 350.00 mm = 13.78
Load q = 7.1123 psi
= 49.0375 kPa
Uniform load W = qxr lb/in
= 98.00 lb/in
= 1.75 kg/mm
X
FB 100 x 9
19.685 in I = 3.083 in4
Wa Wb
= 128.335 cm4

Bending Moment
As per Table 8.1 Case 2e of Roark's (Uniform load on entire span)
At x = L/2 = 9.84 in
= 250.00 mm
Maximum moment, Mmax = WL2/8
= 4747 lb-in
= 85 kg/mm

M/I = s/y

(I/y)required = M/s
= 0.242 in3
= 3.964 cm3

Use FB 100 x 9
I/y = 6.01 in3 > (I/y)required then O.K

## Therefore, s = 790 psi < σallowable 19624 psi. then O.K

= 5 MPa < σallowable 135 MPa. then O.K

Deflection
As per Table 8.1 Case 2e of Roark's (Uniform load on entire span)

At x =L/2= 9.84 in
= 250.00 mm

dmax = (5WL4)
384EI

## = 0.00222 < L/300 = 0.0656 in. then O.K

= 0.05639 < 1.6667 mm. then O.K

## Therefore the size used is adequate.

in
in
STIFFENER CALCULATION (Vertical)

## Stiffener No. 1 (typical)

H= 1650 mm = 64.96 in
a= 500 mm = 19.69 in
Load q = 7.1123 psi
= 49.0375 kPa
Total load W = qxґ lb/in
= 140.00 lb/in
= 2.50 kg/mm

FB 100 x 9
L
I = 5.544 in4
= 230.756 cm4

Bending Moment
As per Table 8.1 Case 2d of Roark's (Uniformly increasing load)
At x = 0.55L = 35.73 in
= 907.50 mm
Maximum moment, Mmax = 0.0641WL2
= 37871 lb-in
= 676 kg/mm

M/I = s/y

(I/y)required = M/s
= 1.93 in3
= 31.625 cm3

Use FB 100 x 9
I/y = 6.01 in3 > (I/y)required then O.K

## Therefore, s = 6303 psi < σallowable 19624 psi. then O.K

= 43 MPa < σallowable 135 MPa. then O.K

Deflection
As per Table 8.1 Case 2d of Roark's (Uniformly increasing load)

## At x = 0.525L = 33.73 in = 856.845 mm

dmax = 0.00653WL4
EI

## = 0.1049 < L/300 = 0.2165 in. then O.K

= 2.66462 < 5.5000 mm. then O.K

## Therefore the size used is adequate.

5) STIFFENER PROPERTIES FOR FRONT, BACK, RIGHT, LEFT & BOTTOM PLATE

Size FB 100 x 9
Material, SA 240 GR 304
Yield Stress, σy = 29732.7 psi = 205 MPa
Allowable Stress, σallowable = 19624 psi = 135 MPa

Stiffener b2 Where :

h2 d1 = 6 mm
d2 = 100 mm
2 d2
b1 = 239 mm
b2 = 9 mm
y2 h1
C
1 d1
y1
b1

Plate

## PART area (a) y axy h h2 a x h2 bd3/12

mm2 mm mm3 mm mm2 mm4 mm4
1 1434 3 4302 20.44 417.6717 598941.22 4302
2 900 56 50400 32.56 1060.3478 954313 750000
TOTAL 2334 54702 1553254 754302

Therefore,

C = 23.44 mm

## Z (I/C) = 98457.758 mm3 = 6.0083 in3

b1 = tr  1.56 R * ts
b1 = 239 mm take min. L = 5000 mm, so R:
R= 2500 mm