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Checking the reliability and validity of HSPQ profiles.

Sherman JL1, Krug SE, Birenbaum M.

Author information

Abstract

Developed a scale designed to detect invalid response patterns on the High School Personality
Questionnaire (HSPQ). Using a large sample of protocols drawn from the HSPQ standardization
group, ten items were found to satisfy the necessary criterion for inclusion in the resulting "random"
or "validity" (RV) scale. When applied to separate cross-validation groups of nearly 2,000 valid and
randomly generated response protocols, RV was found to correctly classify 79% of the profiles. As a
further test of the scale's utility, 100 profiles classified as valid and 100 classified as invalid were
selected for comparison. In the invalid group, KR-20 reliabilities of the 14 trait scales were almost
uniformly lowered, Also, for the invalid group the correlations among the trait scales were
attenuated and altered to the extent that the underlying factor structure of the test was upset.

Review of IPAT High School Personality Questionnaire (H.S.P.Q.).

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Review-Software & Other

Database: PsycARTICLES

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Citation

Review of IPAT High School Personality Questionnaire (H.S.P.Q.). (1958). [Review of the
software IPAT High School Personality Questionnaire (H.S.P.Q.). R. B. Cattell, H. Beloff & R. W.
Coan]. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 22(6), 497.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0039140

Abstract

Reviews the test IPAT High School Personality Questionnaire (H.S.P.Q.) by Raymond B. Cattell, Halla
Beloff and Richard W. Coan (1958). The reviewer provides data on factor reliabilities, construct
validities and test norms. The reviewer sees the H.S.P.Q. as a potentially valuable instrument when
further research has supplied sound actuarial data. But it is subject to serious misuse if the
unreliable single factor scores are given stereotyped interpretations, supported only by the
interpreter's intuitive hunches about the meanings of the factors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c)
2019 APA, all rights reserved)
Abstract:
The High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ) is a self-report inventory for children ages 12-18.
It measures 14 personality characteristics that research has shown to be good predictors of social,
clinical, occupational, and school behavior. These 14 characteristics were identified through factor
analysis and are as follows: Warmth, Intelligence, Emotional Stability, Excitability, Dominance,
Enthusiasm, Conformity, Self-Sufficiency, Self-Discipline, and Tension. The test takes 45 - 60 minutes
to complete and may be given in groups. It is made up of 142 multiple-choice questions regarding
the examinees' responses to social situations, as well as preferences for future careers and leisure
time. Test scores are intended for use in predicting academic achievement, school interest, the
likelihood of becoming a high school dropout, learning styles, and creativity. In addition, they may be
used by psychologists and psychiatrists to diagnose anxiety disorders, to predict which children with
speech disorders will respond best to treatment, to predict the effectiveness of any therapeutic
treatment, and to identify children who are at risk for chemical dependency. Furthermore, test
norms reveal a "delinquency profile" as well as the difference between leadership qualities and
popularity in young people. Answer sheets can be scored by the test administrator either manually
or by machine, and scores are expressed as 14 subscores, one for each personality characteristic. By
comparing raw scores with the norms (the establishment of which on a sample of 9000 is the subject
of many independent research projects listed in the bibliography of the test manual), sten scores
which are designated as "low", "average", or "high" as well as percentile scores are obtained.
Separate norms are used for boys and girls and a Spanish version of the test is available. Several
special scales help detect deliberate misrepresentation of self, and random response patterns.
Short-term test-retest reliability is in the .70s and .80s, and long-term is in the .50s and .60s. Factor
analysis was used to establish construct validity, and 12 replications of the original procedure have
confirmed the validity of the 14 personality characteristics.

High School Personality Questionnaire (HSPQ)

a 142-item self-report inventory of 14 personality dimensions in adolescents ages 12 to 18. The


dimensions include warmth, intelligence, emotional stability, excitability, dominance, cheerfulness,
conformity, boldness, sensitivity, withdrawal, apprehension, self-sufficiency, self-discipline, and
tension. [developed in 1958 by psychologists Raymond B. Cattell, Halla Beloff (1930– ), and Richard
W. Coan (1928– )]