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1.

Critical Properties
komponen BM Tb (K) Tc (K) Pc (bar) Pc (atm) Tb (c )
C2H4O2 60.05 391.05 592.71 57.86 57.1033802 117.9
C4H10O 74.12 390.81 562.93 44.13 43.5529238 117.66
C6H12O2 116.16 399.15 579.65 31.1 30.6933136 126
H2O 18.015 373.15 647.096 220.64 217.75475 100

2. Kapasitas Panas Gas


Cp = A + B*T + C*T^2 + D*T^3 + E*T^4
Cp = heat capacity of ideal gas (joule/(mol K )
T = temperature (kelvin)

komponen A B C D E
C2H4O2 34.85 3.76E-02 2.83E-04 -3.08E-07 9.26E-11
C4H10O 8.157 4.10E-01 -2.26E-04 6.04E-08 -6.28E-12
C6H12O2 85.139 7.16E-02 8.78E-04 -1.07E-06 3.74E-10
H2O 33.933 -8.42E-03 2.99E-05 -1.78E-08 3.69E-12

3. Heat capacity of liquid

Cp = A + B*T + C*T^2 + D*T^3 joule/ (mol K)

komponen A B C D
C2H4O2 -18.944 1.10E+00 -2.89E-03 2.93E-06
C4H10O 83.877 5.66E-01 -1.72E-03 2.28E-06
C6H12O2 91.175 9.99E-01 -2.90E-03 3.67E-06
H2O 92.053 -4.00E-02 -2.11E-04 5.35E-07

4. Enthalpy of vaporization
ΔH vap = A (1-T/Tc)^n
ΔH vap = Enthalpy of vaporization
T = temperature (K)

komponen A Tc n
C2H4O2 11.575 592.71 -0.65
C4H10O 63.024 562.93 0.318
C6H12O2 57.75 579.65 0.393
H2O 52.053 647.13 0.321
5. Tekanan Uap Murni YAWS
ln P = A + B/T +C. ln T + D. T^E
P = Pa
T =K

komponen A B C D E
C2H4O2 28.3756 -2.97E+03 -7.03E+00 -1.51E-09 2.18E-06
C4H10O 39.6673 -4.00E+03 -1.03E+01 -3.26E-10 8.67E-07
C6H12O2 4.383 -2.71E+03 3.98E+00 -1.66E-02 9.72E-06
H2O 73.649 -7.26E+03 -7.30E+00 4.17E-06 2.00E+00

Densitas Cairan YAWS


densitas=A+B*T+C*T2+D*T3
Tc = temperature critical K
T = temperatur K

komponen A B n Tc rho (T=25 C)


C2H4O2 0.35182 0.26954 0.26843 592.71 1.043
C4H10O 0.26891 0.26674 0.2457 562.93 0.806
C6H12O2 0.29857 0.26028 0.309 579.65 0.876
H2O 0.3471 0.274 0.28571 6.47E+02 1.027 RUMUS:DENSITAS=A*B(1-T/Tc)^n

Entalpi pembakaran T=25 C/77 F


komponen KJ/mol kj/kg btu/lb
C2H4O2 786.4 13095.6 5631.1
C4H10O 2456 33134.1 14247.7
C6H12O2 3283 28262.7 12153

Entalpi of formation gas YAWS


Hf = A + B T +C T^2 kJoule/mol
t = temperatur kJoule/mol

komponen A B C Hf (t=25 C)
C2H4O2 -422.582 -4.84E-02 2.33E-05 -434.84
C4H10O -245.806 -1.12E-01 5.35E-05 -274.43
C6H12O2 -451.564 -1.35E-01 6.99E-05 -485.6
H2O -241.8

Gibbs energy of formation gas YAWS


Gf = A + BT + CT^2 kJoule / mol
komponen A B C Gf (T=298)
C2H4O2 -435.963 1.93E-01 1.64E-05 -376.69
C4H10O -276.27 4.10E-01 3.91E-05 -150.67
C6H12O2 -488.898 5.78E+00 4.16E-05 -312.3
H2O -228.6

Viskositas gas
visko = A + BT +CT^2 mikropoise YAWS
T = kelvin
komponen A B C T=25 Komponen
C2H4 -3.985 3.87E-01 -1.12E-04 101.5 C2H4O2
CH4 3.844 4.01E-01 -1.43E-04 110.72 C4H10O
C2H6 0.514 3.34E-01 -7.11E-05 93.92 C6H12O2
HCl -9.118 5.55E-01 -1.11E-04 146.44 H2O
O2 44.224 5.62E-01 -1.13E-04 201.85
N2 42.606 4.75E-01 -9.88E-05 175.52
EDC (C2H4CL2) 1.025 3.18E-01 -4.19E-05 -
C2H3Cl (VCM) -6.067 3.90E-01 -8.40E-05 102.79
H2O -36.826 4.29E-01 -1.62E-05 89.68
CO 23.811 5.39E-01 -1.54E-04 170.95
CO2 11.811 4.98E-01 -1.09E-04 150.76

Viskositas cair
visko=log10 nliquid=A+B/T+CT+CT^2 centipoise

komponen A B C D T= 25 C
C2H4O2 -3.8937 7.85E+02 6.67E-03 -1.36E+01 1.13E+00
C4H10O -5.397 1.33E+03 6.22E-03 -5.51E-06 2.60E+00
C6H12O2 -8.3884 1.31E+03 1.77E-02 -1.61E-05 6.77E-01
H2O -10.2158 1.79E+03 1.77E-02 -1.26E-05 9.11E-01

Thermal konduktivitas (Gas) YAWS


Thermal konduktivitas (Cairan)

komponen A B C T= 25 C
C2H4O2 0.00234 -6.60E-06 1.16E-07 0.01066 komponen
C4H10O 0.01783 -4.83E-05 1.63E-07 - C2H4O2
C6H12O2 -0.01347 6.31E-05 5.59E-08 0.0103 C4H10O
H2O 0.00053 4.71E-05 4.96E-08 0.01898 C6H12O2
H2O

Panas Laten/Enthalpy vaporization/panas pengupan (cair)


deltaHv=A*(1-Tr)^(B+C*Tr+D*Tr2+E*Tr3)
Tr=T/Tc PERRY
komponen A (C1) B (C2) C (C3) D (C4)
C2H4O2 2.03E-07 0.11911 -1.3487 1.4227
C4H10O 6.74E-07 0.173 0.2915 0
C6H12O2 5.78E-07 0.3935 0 0
H2O 5.21E-07 0.3199 -0.212 0.25795
YAWS

omega P(Mpa) melting point


0.462 7.786 -111
0.259 4.413
0.41 3.11
0.345 22.064
10

yaws
UMUS:DENSITAS=A*B(1-T/Tc)^n
A B C T=25 C
-28.66 2.35E-01 2.21E-04 -
-11.144 2.88E-01 -5.63E-05 -
-5.14 2.43E-01 -3.91E-05 -
-36.826 4.29E-01 -1.62E-05 89.68

hermal konduktivitas (Cairan)

A B C T= 25 C
-1.2836 5.89E-01 5.93E+02 0.1581
-1.312 6.19E-01 5.63E+02 0.1538
-1.6072 9.11E-01 5.80E+02 0.136
-0.2758 4.61E-03 -5.54E-06 0.607

Tabel 2-193
Rectifier
Tangki
Asam
Asetat

Mixer Reaktor

Tangki
Butanol MD 1
Rectifier

Tangki
Butanol

Tangki
BA
Tangki
Asam
Asetat

Mixer Reaktor Dekanter

Tangki
Butanol Katalis
Air

MD 2

Butanol
A.asetat
MD 1
ekanter

Tangki
BA
Neraca Massa
Pra Rancangan Pabrik Butil Asetat dari Asam Asetat dan Butanol
Bahan baku : Asam Asetat dan Butanol
Produk : Butil Asetat (C6H12O2)
by: : Anjani Rizkia P,Fitrotul Fauziah E, dan Christina Nirmala S
Kapasitas Produksi : 25000 ton/tahun
waktu produksi : 330 hari
Jam Kerja : 24 jam
Jumlah Produksi : 3156.5657 kg/jam
27.174880658 kgmol/jam

Spesifikasi Bahan Baku Berat Atom


komponen kadar %berat BM C
C2H4O2 (Asam Asetat) 99.8500000% 60.05116 H
H2O 0.1500000% 18.01488 O
100.0000000%

Spesifikasi Bahan Baku


komponen kadar %berat BM
C4H10O (Butanol) 99.5000000% 74.1212
H2O 0.5000000% 18.01488
100.0000000%

Spesifikasi Produk
Produk utama
komponen kadar %berat BM
Butil Asetat (C6H12O2) 99% 116.15748

Basis Perhitungan 10000 kg/jam

1. NERACA MASSA MIXER


kemurnian Asam Asetat 99.8500000% kemurnian Butanol
Asam Asetat 9985 kg
h20= 15 kg

Input
Komponen Arus 1 Arus 8 recycle
BM kmol/jam kg/jam kmol/jam
C2H4O2(A.Asetat) 60.05116 166.2749 9985.0000 0.1146
C4H10O(Butanol) 74.1212 134.2396 9950.0000 1.6671
C6H12O2(Butil Asetat) 116.15748 0.0000 0.0000 322.7771
Sub total 19935.0000 324.5588
Total 57558.4219
12.0107
1.00794
15.999

99.5000000%
Butanol 9950 kg
h20= 50 kg

Output
Arus 8 recycle Arus 2
kg/jam kmol/jam kg/jam
6.8792 166.3894 9991.8792
123.5710 135.9067 10073.5710
37492.9717 322.7771 37492.9717
37623.4219 625.0733 57558.4219
57558.4219
Kapasitas perancangan per jam = 25000

= 3156.5657
= 27.1748806583

Spesifikasi Bahan Baku


komponen kadar %berat BM
C2H4O2 (Asam Asetat) 99.85% 60.053
H2O 0.15% 18.015
100%

Spesifikasi Bahan Baku


komponen kadar %berat BM
C4H10O (Butanol) 99.5% 74.123
H2O 0.5% 18.015
100%

Spesifikasi Produk
Produk utama
komponen kadar %berat BM
Butil Asetat (C6H12O2) 99% 116.160

BASIS:
KEBUTUHAN ASAM ASETAT
CH3COOH 100 kmol =
H2O 600.53x(0.2%/99.8%) =

Menghitung kebutuhan butanol


Perbandingan umpan antara asam asetat dan amil butanol adalah 50% : 50%
C4H10O =
=
H2O = (7046.816*(5%/95%)) =

NERACA MASSA REAKTOR


input MIXER
arus 1
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 37.248 0.005 18.015
C4H10O (butanol) 7412.300 0.995 74.123
total 7449.548 1.000

arus 2
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 9.021 0.0015 18.015
CH3COOH 6005.300 0.9985 60.053
6014.321 1.000

output mixer (input reaktor)


Arus 3
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 46.269 0.0034 18.015
CH3COOH 6005.300 0.4460 60.053
C4H10O 7412.300 0.5505 74.123
13463.869 1.000

KONVERSI REAKTOR = 60.46%

reaksi:
as.asetat butil alkohol
mula (kmol) 100.000 100.000
reaksi (kmol) 60.460 60.460
sisa (kmol) 39.540 39.540

output REAKTOR
arus 4 dan 7
Komponen BM kmol Fraksi mol
H2O 18.015 63.028 0.311
CH3COOH 60.053 39.540 0.195
C4H10O 74.123 39.540 0.195
C6H12O2 116.160 60.460 0.298
202.568 1.000

Output reaktor bagian atas


Arus 4
Asumsi:
CH3COOH = 10.0% berat
H2O = 85.0% berat
C4H10O = 5.0% berat

Komponen kmol fraksi mol BM


H2O 53.574 0.900 18.015
CH3COOH 3.954 0.066 60.053
C4H10O 1.977 0.033 74.123
59.505 1.000

Output reaktor bagian bawah


arus 7
Komponen kg fraksi massa BM
H2O 170.318 0.014 18.015
CH3COOH 2137.046 0.176 60.053
C4H10O 2784.282 0.230 74.123
C6H12O2 7023.034 0.580 116.160
12114.680 1.000
NERACA MASSA TOTAL REAKTOR
Input (kg/jam) Output (kg/jam)
Komponen
Arus 1 Arus 2 Arus 4
H2O 37.248 9.021 965.138
CH3COOH 0.000 6005.300 237.450
C4H10O 7412.300 0.000 146.541
C6H12O2 0.000 0.000 0.000
Sub total 7449.548 6014.321 1349.128
Total (kg/j) 13463.869 13463.809

NERACA MASSA RECTIFIER


input rectifier
arus 4
Komponen kg fraksi massa BM
H2O 965.138 0.715 18.015
CH3COOH 237.450 0.176 60.053
C4H10O 146.541 0.109 74.123
1349.128 1.000

output rectifier
arus 6 dan 5
Komponen kmol fraksi mol BM
H2O 53.574 0.900 18.015
CH3COOH 3.954 0.066 60.053
C4H10O 1.977 0.033 74.123
59.505 1.000

T= 105 C =
P= 1 atm =
(L/V) trial = 0.0001

ln P = A + B/T +C. ln T + D. T^E


Komponen A B C
H2O 73.649 -7.26E+03 -7.30E+00
CH3COOH 28.3756 -2.97E+03 -7.03E+00
C4H10O 39.6673 -4.00E+03 -1.03E+01
C6H12O2

Komponen Po Ki = Po/P Vi
H2O 1.20E+05 157.995 0.900
CH3COOH 6.06E-10 0.000 0.000
C4H10O 1.24E-14 0.000 0.000
C6H12O2
0.900

output rectifier bagian atas


arus 5
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 965.138 1.000 18.015
CH3COOH 0.000 0.000 60.053
C4H10O 0.000 0.000 74.123
965.138 1.000

output rectifier bagian bawah


arus 6
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 0.000 0.000 18.015
CH3COOH 237.450 0.618 60.053
C4H10O 146.541 0.382 74.123
383.991 1.000

Neraca massa total rectifier


Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Komponen
Arus 4 Arus 5 Arus 6
H2O 965.138 965.138 0.000
CH3COOH 237.450 0.000 237.450
C4H10O 146.541 0.000 146.541
Sub total 1349.128 965.138 383.991
Total (kg/j) 1349.128 1349.128

NERACA MASSA MENARA DISTILASI


Rancangan:
1) Light key component (LK) = C4H10O (fraksi ringan)
2) Heavy key component (HK)= C6H12O2 (fraksi berat)
3) Diinginkan produk bawah dengan komposisi:
C5H11OH = 0.10% berat
C6H12O2= 99.90% berat

Input MD
Arus 7
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 170.318 0.014 18.015
CH3COOH 2137.046 0.176 60.053
C4H10O 2784.282 0.230 74.123
C6H12O2 7023.034 0.580 116.160
Sub total 12114.680 1.000
Total (kg/j) 12114.680

Output MD bottom product


Arus 9
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
C4H10O 2.784 0.000 74.123
C6H12O2 7016.011 1.000 116.160
7018.795 1.000

Output MD top product


Arus 8
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 170.318 0.033 18.015
CH3COOH 2137.046 0.419 60.053
C4H10O 2784.282 0.546 74.123
C6H12O2 7.023 0.001 116.160
5098.670 1.000

Neraca Massa total MD


Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Komponen
Arus 7 Arus 8 Arus 9
H2O 170.318 170.32 0.000
CH3COOH 2137.046 2137.046 0.000
C4H10O 2784.282 2781.498 2.784
C6H12O2 7023.034 7.023 7016.011
Sub total (kg/j) 11944.362 4925.567 7018.795
Total (kg/j) 11944.362 11944.362

Arus recycle = Arus 6 dan arus 8

Arus 6
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 0.000 0.000 18.015
CH3COOH 237.450 0.618 60.053
C4H10O 146.541 0.382 74.123
383.991 1.000

Arus 8
Komponen massa (kg) Fraksi massa BM
H2O 170.318 0.033 18.015
CH3COOH 2137.046 0.419 60.053
C4H10O 2784.282 0.546 74.123
C6H12O2 7.023 0.001 116.160
5098.670 1.000

Arus (6+8)
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 170.318 0.031 18.015
CH3COOH 2374.496 0.434 60.053
C4H10O 2930.823 0.535 74.123
5475.637 1.000

Arus umpan = Arus 1 dan arus 2


Arus 1
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 37.248 0.005 18.015
C4H10O 7412.300 0.995 74.123
7449.548 1.000

Arus 2
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 9.021 0.002 18.015
CH3COOH 6005.300 0.999 60.053
6014.321 1.000

Arus (1+2)
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O 46.269 0.003 18.015
CH3COOH 6005.300 0.446 60.053
C4H10O 7412.300 0.551 74.123
13463.869 1.000

NERACA MASSA SETELAH RECYCLE

Menghitung fresh feed


Arus (1+2)' = Arus (1+2) - Arus (6+8+10)
Arus (1+2)'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O -124.049 -0.016 18.015
CH3COOH 3630.804 0.455 60.053
C4H10O 4481.477 0.561 74.123
7988.232 1.000

Arus 1'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O -99.862 -0.023 18.015
C4H10O 4481.477 1.023 74.123
4381.614 1.000

Arus 2'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM
H2O -24.187 -0.007 18.015
CH3COOH 3630.804 1.007 60.053
3606.618 1.000

Neraca massa mixer z


Input (kg/j)
Komponen
arus 1' arus 2' arus 6
H2O -99.862 -24.187 0.000
CH3COOH 0.000 3630.804 237.450
C4H10O 4481.477 0.000 146.541
Sub total 4381.614 3606.618 383.991
Total 13463.869

NERACA MASSA TOTAL SETELAH RECYCLE


Komponen Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Arus 1' Arus 2' Arus 5
H2O -99.862 -24.187 965.138
CH3COOH 0.000 3630.804 0.000
C4H10O 4481.477 0.000 0.000
C6H12O2
Sub total (kg/j) 4381.614 3606.618 965.138
Total (kg/j) 7988.232 7983.933

Umpan basis = 100 kmol


Produk basis = 7018.795 kg
Produk sebenarnya = 3156.5657 kg

Umpan sebenarnya = Produk sebenarnya x umpan basis


Produk basis

= 8838,3838 kg x 10 kmol
1105,620 kg

= 44.9730434445
kg
kgmol/jam

6005.3 kg
9.0214822233 kg

1 2
100 kmol
7412.3 kg
37.2477386935 kg

kmol Fraksi mol


2.068 0.020
100.000 0.980
102.068 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


0.090 0.001
100.000 0.999
100.090 1.000

Kmol Fraksi mol


2.568 0.013
100.000 0.494
100.000 0.494
202.568 1.000

butil alkohol butil asetat air


100.000 - -
60.460 60.460 60.460
39.540 60.460 60.460

kg fraksi massa
1135.4561209168 0.084
2374.49562 0.176
2930.82342 0.218
7023.0336 0.522
13463.8087609168 1.000

kg fraksi massa
965.138 0.715
237.450 0.176
146.541 0.109
1349.128 1.000

kmol fraksi mol


9.454 0.066
35.586 0.249
37.563 0.263
60.460 0.423
143.063 1.000
Output (kg/jam)
Arus 7
170.318
2137.046
2784.282
7023.034
12114.680
13463.809

kmol fraksi mol


53.574 0.900
3.954 0.066
1.977 0.033
59.505 1.000

kg fraksi massa
965.138 0.715
237.450 0.176
146.541 0.109
1349.128 1.000

378 K
760 mmHg

D E log Po
4.17E-06 2.00E+00 1.17E+01
-1.51E-09 2.18E-06 -2.12E+01
-3.26E-10 8.67E-07 -3.20E+01

yi=Vi/V Li xi
1.000 52.67379 0.899
0.000 3.95400 0.067
0.000 1.97700 0.034

1.000 58.60479 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


53.574 1.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
53.574 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


0.000 0.000
3.954 0.667
1.977 0.333
5.931 1.000
kmol Fraksi mol
9.454 0.066
35.586 0.249
37.563 0.263
60.460 0.423
143.063 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


0.038 0.001
60.400 0.999
60.437 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


9.454 0.129
35.586 0.486
37.563 0.513
0.060 0.001
73.209 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


0.000 0.000
3.954 0.667
1.977 0.333
5.931 1.000
kmol Fraksi mol
9.454 0.114
35.586 0.431
37.563 0.455
0.060 0.001
82.603 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


9.454 0.107
39.540 0.447
39.540 0.447
88.534 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


2.068 0.020
100.000 0.980
102.068 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


0.501 0.005
100.000 0.995
100.501 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


2.568 0.013
100.000 0.494
100.000 0.494
202.568 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


-6.886 -0.060
60.460 0.530
60.460 0.530
114.034 1.000
kmol Fraksi mol
-5.543 -0.101
60.460 1.101
54.917 1.000

kmol Fraksi mol


-1.343 -0.023
60.460 1.023
59.117 1.000

output (kg/j)
arus 8 arus 3
170.318 46.269
2137.046 6005.300
2784.282 7412.300
5091.647 13463.869
13463.869

Output (kg/j)
Arus 9
0.000
0.000
2.784
7016.011
7018.794848649

k sebenarnya x umpan basis

3838 kg x 10 kmol

kmol
Kapasitas perancangan per jam = 25000

= 3156.5657 kg
= 27.1748810322 kgmol/jam

Komponen umpan
Komposisi asam asetat:
CH3COOH = 99.85% berat
H2O = 0.150% berat
100.00% berat

komposisi butanol:
C4H10O = 99.50% berat
H2O = 0.50% berat
100% berat

KOMPONEN PRODUK
C6H12O2 = 99.90% berat = 3153.409
C4H10O = 0.1% berat = 3.157
3156.566

BM masing-masing komponen
H2O = 18.015 kg/kmol
CH3COOH = 60.053 kg/kmol
C4H10O = 74.121 kg/kmol
C6H12O2 = 116.157 kg/kmol

KEBUTUHAN ASAM ASETAT


CH3COOH = 44.9730434445 kmol = 2700.76527851
H2O = 6005,298x(0.150%/99.5%) = 4.0572337684

Menghitung kebutuhan Butanol


Perbandingan umpan antara asam asetat dan butanol adalah 50% : 50%
C4H10O = 44.9730434445
= 3333.44695315
H2O = (7412,1*(5%/95%)) = 16.7509897143

NERACA MASSA REAKTOR


input MIXER
arus 1
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 16.751 0.005 18.015 0.930
C4H10O 3333.447 0.995 74.121 44.973
3350.198 1.000 45.903

arus 2
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 4.057 0.0015 18.015 0.225
CH3COOH 2700.765 0.9985 60.053 44.973
2704.823 1.000 45.198

output mixer (input reaktor)


Arus 3
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM Kmol
H2O 20.808 0.003 18.015 1.155
CH3COOH 2700.765 0.446 60.053 44.973
C4H10O 3333.447 0.551 74.121 44.973
6055.020 1.000 91.101

KONVERSI REAKTOR = 60.46%

reaksi:
as.asetat butil alkohol
mula (kmol) 44.973 44.973
reaksi (kmol) 27.191 27.191
sisa (kmol) 17.782 17.782

output REAKTOR
arus 4 dan 7
Komponen BM kmol Fraksi mol kg
H2O 18.015 28.346 0.311 510.657966051
CH3COOH 60.053 17.782 0.195 1067.88259112
C4H10O 74.121 17.782 0.195 1318.04492528
C6H12O 116.157 27.191 0.298 3158.39037995
91.101 1.000 6054.9758624

Output reaktor bagian atas


Arus 4
Asumsi:
CH3COOH = 20.0% berat
H2O = 75.0% berat
C4H10O 5.0% berat

Komponen kmol fraksi mol BM kg


H2O 21.259 0.827 18.015 382.993
CH3COOH 3.556 0.138 60.053 213.577
C4H10O 0.889 0.035 74.121 65.902
25.705 1.000 662.472

Output reaktor bagian bawah


arus 7
Komponen kg fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 127.664 0.024 18.015 7.086
CH3COOH 854.306 0.158 60.053 14.226
C4H10O 1252.143 0.232 74.121 16.893
C6H12O2 3158.390 0.586 116.157 27.191
5392.504 1.000 65.396

NERACA MASSA TOTAL REAKTOR


Input (kg/jam) Output (kg/jam)
Komponen
Arus 1 Arus 2 Arus 4 Arus 7
H2O 16.751 4.057 382.993 127.664
CH3COOH 0.000 2700.765 213.577 854.306
C4H10O 3333.447 0.000 65.902 1252.143
C6H12O2 0.000 0.000 3158.390
Sub total 3350.198 2704.823 662.472 5392.504
Total (kg/j) 6055.020 6054.976

NERCA MASSA RECTIFIER


input rectifier
arus 4
Komponen kg fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 382.993 0.578 18.015 21.259
CH3COOH 213.577 0.322 60.053 3.556
C4H10O 65.902 0.099 74.121 0.889
662.472 1.000 25.705

output rectifier
arus 6 dan 5
Komponen kmol fraksi mol BM kg
H2O 21.259 0.827 18.015 382.993
CH3COOH 3.556 0.138 60.053 213.577
C4H10O 0.889 0.035 74.121 65.902
25.705 1.000 662.472

T= 105 C = 378 K
P= 1 atm = 760 mmHg
(L/V) trial = 0.0001
ln P = A + B/T +C. ln T + D. T^E
Komponen A B C D
H2O 73.649 -7.26E+03 -7.30E+00 4.17E-06
CH3COOH 28.3756 -2.97E+03 -7.03E+00 -1.51E-09
C4H10O 39.6673 -4.00E+03 -1.03E+01 -3.26E-10
C6H12O2

Komponen Po Ki = Po/P Vi yi=Vi/V


H2O 1.20E+05 157.995 21.259 1.000
CH3COOH 6.06E-10 0.0000 0.000 0.000
C4H10O 1.24E-14 0.000 0.000 0.000
C6H12O2
21.259 1.000

output rectifier bagian atas


arus 5
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 382.993 1.000 18.015 21.259
CH3COOH 0.000 0.000 60.053 0.000
C4H10O 0.000 0.000 74.121 0.000
382.993 1.000 21.259

output rectifier bagian bawah


arus 6
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 0.000 0.000 18.015 0.000
CH3COOH 213.577 0.764 60.053 3.556
C4H10O 65.902 0.236 74.121 0.889
279.479 1.000 4.446

Neraca massa total rectifier


Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Komponen
Arus 4 Arus 5 Arus 6
H2O 382.993 382.993 0.000
CH3COOH 213.577 0.000 213.577
C4H10O 65.902 0.000 65.902
Sub total 662.472 382.993 279.479
Total (kg/j) 662.472 662.472
NERACA MASSA MD
Rancangan:
1) Light key component (LK) = C4H10O (fraksi ringan)
2) Heavy key component (HK)= C6H12O2 (fraksi berat) 0.998
3) Diinginkan produk bawah dengan komposisi: 0.0025
C4H10O 0.10% berat
C6H12O2 99.90% berat
Input MD
Arus 7
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 127.664 0.024 18.015 7.086
CH3COOH 854.306 0.162 60.053 14.226
C4H10O 1252.143 0.238 74.121 16.893
C6H12O2 3158.390 0.600 116.157 27.191
5264.839 1.000 58.310

Output MD bottom product


Arus 9
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
C4H10O 3.1566 0.001 74.121 0.043
C6H12O2 3153.4091 0.999 116.157 27.148
3156.5657 1.000 27.190

Output MD top product


Arus 8
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 127.664 0.061 18.015 7.086
CH3COOH 854.306 0.405 60.053 14.226
C4H10O 1248.986 0.592 74.121 16.851
C6H12O2 4.981 0.002 116.157 0.043
2108.273 1.000 31.119

Neraca Massa total MD


Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Komponen
Arus 7 Arus 8 Arus 9
H2O 127.664 127.66 0.000
CH3COOH 854.306 854.306 0.000
C4H10O 1252.143 1248.986 3.157
C6H12O2 3158.390 4.981 3153.409
Sub total (kg/j) 5264.839 2108.273 3156.566
Total (kg/j) 5264.839 5264.839

Arus recycle = Arus 6 dan arus 8

Arus 6
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 0.000 0.000 18.015 0.000
CH3COOH 213.577 0.764 60.053 3.556
C4H10O 65.902 0.236 74.121 0.889
279.479 1.000 4.446

Arus 8
Komponen massa (kg) Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 127.664 0.057 18.015 7.086
CH3COOH 854.306 0.382 60.053 14.226
C4H10O 1248.986 0.559 74.121 16.851
C6H12O2 4.981 0.002
2235.938 0.998 38.163

Arus (6+8)
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 127.664 0.051 18.015 7.086
CH3COOH 1067.883 0.425 60.053 17.782
C4H10O 1314.888 0.524 74.121 17.740
2510.435 1.000 42.609

Arus umpan = Arus 1 dan arus 2


Arus 1
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 16.751 0.005 18.015 0.930
C4H10O 3333.447 0.995 74.121 44.973
3350.198 1.000 45.903

Arus 2
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 4.057 0.002 18.015 0.225
CH3COOH 2700.765 0.999 60.053 44.973
2704.823 1.000 45.198

Arus (1+2)
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O 20.808 0.003 18.015 1.155
CH3COOH 2700.765 0.446 60.053 44.973
C4H10O 3333.447 0.551 74.121 44.973
6055.020 1.000 91.101

NERACA MASSA SETELAH RECYCLE

Menghitung fresh feed


Arus (1+2)' = Arus (1+2) - Arus (6+8+10)
Arus (1+2)'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O -106.856 -0.028 18.015 -5.931
CH3COOH 1632.883 0.431 60.053 27.191
C4H10O 2265.564 0.598 74.121 30.566
3791.591 1.000 51.825

Arus 1'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O -86.021 -0.039 18.015 -4.775
C4H10O 2265.564 1.039 74.121 30.566
2179.543 1.000 25.791

Arus 2'
Komponen kg Fraksi massa BM kmol
H2O -20.835 -0.013 18.015 -1.157
CH3COOH 1632.883 1.013 60.053 27.191
1612.048 1.000 26.034

Neraca massa mz
Input (kg/j)
Komponen
arus 1' arus 2' arus 6 arus 8
H2O -86.021 -20.835 0.000 127.664
CH3COOH 0.000 1632.883 213.577 854.306
C4H10O 2265.564 0.000 65.902 1248.986
Sub total 2179.543 1612.048 279.479 2230.957
Total 12604.052

NERACA MASSA TOTAL SETELAH RECYCLE


Komponen Input (kg/j) Output (kg/j)
Arus 1' Arus 2' Arus 5 Arus 9
H2O -86.021 -20.835 382.993 0.000
CH3COOH 0.000 1632.883 0.000 0.000
C4H10O 2265.564 0.000 0.000 3.157
C6H12O2 3153.409
Sub total (kg/j) 2179.543 1612.048 382.993 3156.5657
Total (kg/j) 3791.591 3539.559
kg
kg
kg

kg
kg

kmol
kg
kg

Fraksi mol
0.020
0.980
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.005
0.995
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.013
0.494
0.494
1.000

butil asetat air


- -
27.191 27.191
27.191 27.191

fraksi massa
0.084
0.176
0.218
0.522
1.000

fraksi massa
0.578
0.322
0.099
1.000

fraksi mol
0.108
0.218
0.258
0.416
1.000

fraksi mol
0.827
0.138
0.035
1.000

output rectifier bagian atas


fraksi massa komposisi :
0.578 CH3COOH 0.23%
0.322 C5H11OH 0.77%
0.099 H2O = 99%
1.000
E ln P°
2.00E+00 1.17E+01
2.18E-06 -2.12E+01
8.67E-07 -3.20E+01

Li xi
0.00002 0.000
3.55647 0.800
0.88912 0.200

4.44560 1.000

Fraksi mol
1.000
0.000
0.000
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.000
0.800
0.200
1.000
0.998
3153.409
3.157

Fraksi mol
0.122
0.244
0.290
0.466
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.002
0.998
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.228
0.457
0.541
0.001
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.000
0.800
0.200
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.186
0.373
0.442

1.000

Fraksi mol
0.166
0.417
0.416
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.020
0.980
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.005
0.995
1.000

Fraksi mol
0.013
0.494
0.494
1.000

Fraksi mol
-0.114
0.525
0.590
1.000

Fraksi mol
-0.185
1.185
1.000

Fraksi mol
-0.044
1.044
1.000

output (kg/j)
arus 3
20.808
2700.765
3333.447
6055.020
12110.041