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Laws relatives to industrial relationship:

Industrial relations, also called organizational relations, the behaviour of workers

in organizations in which they earn their living.

Industrial relations are the relationships between the management and employees of
an industry. Industrial Relations look at the relationship between management and
workers, particularly groups of workers represented by a union. Industrial relations
pertain to the study and practice of collective bargaining, trade unionism, and labor-
management relations.

Purpose of Industrial Relations Laws:

Industrial relations laws are different in every nation but in general the purpose of
such law is to:

 promote the welfare of the workers and economic prosperity of the nation
 to provide a safety net of minimum wages and conditions of employment
 to provide a framework for determining wages and conditions of pay
according to job roles performed,
 providing a framework of rights and responsibilities for employers and
 ensuring freedom of association, including the rights of employees and
employers to join an organisation (e.g. a union), or not to join an organisation
that provides assistance to the worker.
 ensure international obligations in relation to labour standards are met

Laws relative to social security:

Social Security Law regulates several state and federal specific programs that focus
on health care, disability, insurance, welfare and help for the needy. Additionally
social security number policies are provided in this section including government
legislation to help prevent identity theft through the misappropriation of your SSN

Social security is designed, as the title suggests, to provide security. To protect

individuals from unforeseen catastrophes, the government spreads certain risks
among all members of society so that no single family bears the full burden of such

The Federal Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) pays out monthly
benefits to retired people, to families whose wage earner has died, and to workers
unemployed due to sickness or accident. Workers qualify for its protection by having
been employed for a minimum amount of time and by having made contributions to
the program. An employer who fail to deduct the required employee's share of these
taxes makes that employer liable for the full amount. Once an individual has
qualified for protection, certain other family members are, as well. Financial need is
not a requirement
Laws relative to EEO:

Equal employment opportunity is an employment practice where employers do not

engage in employment activities that are prohibited by law. It is illegal for employers
to discriminate against an applicant or employee on the basis of:

 Race
 Age
 Color
 Sex
 Religion
 National origin

Make fair employment decisions:

You should not make employment decisions based on race, color, religion, sex,
national origin, age, disability, or genetic information. You should treat all your
employees equally with regards to these qualities. Equal treatment applies to all
aspects of employment, including hiring, promoting, and firing employees.

Grant reasonable accommodations:

Employees can ask for reasonable accommodations for medical or religious reasons.
Reasonable accommodations are modifications that you provide to employees so
they can continue their work. You must provide reasonable accommodations to
employees as long as they do not cause undue hardship, meaning the
accommodation would cause you significant difficulty or expense

Stop workplace harassment:

Employees should not be harassed because of race, color, religion, sex, national
origin, age, disability, or genetic information. Employees should also not be harassed
if they have complained about discrimination. The harasser can be a supervisor, a co-
worker, or a customer

Provide equal pay:

Give employees who do the same work equal pay. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 says you
must pay men and women equal pay for equal work. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
of 1964 says you should not base an employee’s wages on race, color, religion, sex, or
national origin.

Laws relative to disability: