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 Spain as colonizing power introduced not only Christian religion but also Spanish system of
education. The missionaries founded schools, colleges and universities and their
educational policy was to educate our people for the Christian way of life. The teaching of
the Spanish system affected the ancient Filipino writing; the Filipinos learned new method
of writing and after some years, forgot their own.


 Inhabitants are already engaged in farming wth rice, sugar, corn and tobacco as the
principal products. The natives also produced cotton and abaca. Women engaged in
weaving in their hand looms. The method of trading was by bartering. The inhabitants of
the cast were fishermen who bartered their fish and bought from those living inland rice,
bananas, sweet potatoes, yams, chicken and pork. (Father Juan Plasencia and Father
Diego Oropesa, 1578)
 The inhabitants of mountain could not live without fish, salt and other articles of food, and
the jars and dishes of other districts; nor, on the other hand, can those of the coast live
without the rice and cotton of the mountaineers. (Loarca)
 Spaniards introduced new plants from America and Europe
 The colonizers introduced money or currency as medium of exchange among the natives.
The money replaced the gold bars, metal bells (?), and other forms used by the natives.
Trade and business transactions were thus converted from a barter basis to a money
 New methods of farming and farming plants like melon and watermelon were introduced.
As the population increased, the farmers cleared the forests and marshes, which they
converted to kaingin and later to dalatan. After some years, these lands became rice fields.


 The town of antipolo was separated from province of Tondo and incorporated in the newly
created Distrito de los Montes de San Mateo On August 6, 1898, this town joined the
Revolutionary Government of General Aguinaldo
 Antipolo became the capital of the province of Morong during the existence of Philippine
Republic. The provincial government established its offices in the convent of Catholic
Church (1898-1899)
 When the Filipino rose in revolt against the Spaniards, many Antipolenos joined the rebels.
They had an encounter with the Spanish soldiers at Mt. Makatubong, a mountain within
 Juan Sumulong became the secretary of the revolutionaries in the province.