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ICAO Annex-14 Vol-1 Aerodrome Design & Operations (5th Edition, 2009)

RUNWAYS RUNWAY SOULDERS TAXIWAY


WIDTH OF RUNWAYS MIN. DISTANCE SLOPES ON RUNWAYS WIDTH OF SLOPES ON STRENGTH SLOPES ON TAXIWAY
CODE CODE
CODE CODE LETTER BETWEEN PARALLEL Longitudinal Longitudinal Distance Between CODE Transverse LETTER
RUNWAY RUNWAY OF RUNWAY NO
CLEARANCE WIDTH OF TAXIWAY Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Slope
SIGHT DISTANCE TAXIWAY SHOULDERS
RUNWAYS SHOULDERS SHOULDERS SHOULDERS
NO A B C D E F Slopes Slope Changes Slope Changes LETTER Slope Slopes Slopes Changes
1a 18 m 18 m 23 m - - - 120 m 2% 2% 5.000 m A 2% A - A 1.5 m 7.5 m 1 % per 25 m 1.5 m above the taxiway -
≤3% ≤2% (minimum radius of
2a 23 m 23 m 30 m - - - 150 m 2% 2% 5.000 m B 2% B - B 2.25 m 10.5 m curvature of 2500 m) 2 m above the taxiway -
Aerodrome
3 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes with 15 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes with
3 30 m 30 m 30 m 45 m - - 210 m 1% 1.5% 15.000 m C 1.5% C - Design a wheel base less than 18 m a wheel base less than 18 m
≤ 2.5 % Manual C 25 m
4.5 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes 18 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes with
4 - - 45 m 45 m 45 m 60 m 210 m 1% 1.5% 30.000 m D 1.5% D 60 m (Doc 9157) with a wheel base equal to or greater than 18 m a wheel base equal to or greater than 18 m
Part 1 18 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes with
a. The width of a precision approach runway E 1.5% E 60 m 1 % per 30 m
an outer main gear wheel span of less than 9 m 3 m above the
should be not less than 30 m where the code D 4.5 m ≤ 1.5 % ≤ 1.5 % (minimum radius of 38 m
F 1.5% F 75 m 23 m if the taxiway is intended to be used by aeroplanes with taxiway
number is 1 or 2. an outer main gear wheel span equal to or greater 9 m curvature of 3000 m)

RUNWAY STRIPS E 4.5 m 23 m 44 m

LENGTH OF RUNWAY WIDTH OF GRADING OF SLOPES ON RUNWAY STRIPS STRENGTH OF RUNWAY STRIPS F 4.5 m 23 m 60 m
CODE
NO STRIPS RUNWAY STRIPS RUNWAY STRIPS Non-Instrument
Longitudinal Slopes Longitudinal Slope Changes Transverse Slopes Instrument Runway
Runway
30 m for runway is instrument one
1 60 m for runway is non-instrument one
75 m 40 m 2% 3% 40 m 30 m
Slope changes on that portion
2 60 m 75 m 40 m 2% of a strip to be graded should 3% 40 m 40 m
be as gradual as practicable
3 60 m 150 m 75 m 2% and abrupt changes or sudden 3% 75 m 75 m
reversals of slopes avoided
4 60 m 150 m 75 m 2% 3% 75 m 75 m

TAXIWAY STRIP STRENGTH OF TAXIWAY RAPID EXIT TAXIWAYS


CODE GRADING OF SLOPES ON CODE RADIUS TURN-OFF CURVE OF AT ENABLE EXIT SPEEDS UNDER WET
TAXIWAY STRIPS
NO TAXIWAY STRIPS TAXIWAY STRIPS NO LEAST CONDITIONS

A 11 m 1
RUNWAY TURN PADS RUNWAY END SAFETY AREAS (RESA) B 12.5 m
≤3%
2
275 m 65 km/h

CODE SLOPES ON RESA Aerodrome Design Manual


CODE DIMENSIONS OF STRENGTH Aerodrome Design
LETTE CLEARANCE DISTANCE C 12.5 m (Doc. 9157) Part 3. 3
NO RESA Longitudinal Longitudinal Transverse OF RESA
R Manual 550 m 93 km/h
Slopes Slope Slopes D 19 m
(Doc. 9157) Part 2 4
A 1.5 m 1 ≤ 2.5 %
120 m The The transverse E 22 m
Londitudinal
B 2.25 m longitudinal slopes changes slopes of a
slopes of a should be as runway end Aerodrome F 30 m
3 m for a wheel base < 18 m 2 120 m Design
C APRON runway end gradual as safety area
4.5 m for a wheel base ≥ 18 m
safety area practicable and should not Manual TAXIWAY MINIMUM SEPERATION DISTANCE
D 4.5 m 3 240 m should not abrupt changes exceed an (Doc 9157) Distance between taxiway center line and runway center Taxiway
exceed a or sudden upward or Part 1. Taxiway other Aircraft stand
E 4.5 m reversals of line (meters) center line to taxilane
downward downward CODE Instrument runways Non-instrument runways than aircraft
slope of 5%. slopes avoided. slope of 5% taxiway stand taxilane, center line to
4 240 m NO Code Number Code Number
F 4.5 m center line center line to object
1 2 3 3 1 2 3 4 (meters) object (meters) (meters)

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)
APRON A 82.5 82.5 - - 37.5 47.5 - - 23.75 16.25 12.00
CODE CLEARANCE DISTANCE
ON AIRCRAFT STANDS
SLOPES ON APRONS SIZE OF APRONS STRENGTH OF APRONS B 87 87 - - 42 52 - - 33.50 21.50 16.50
LETTER
C - - 168 - - - 93 - 44.00 26.00 24.50
A 3m
D - - 176 176 - - 101 101 66.50 40.50 36.00
B 3m Each part of an apron should becapable of withstanding
the traffic of the aircraft it is intended to serve, due E - - - 182.5 - - - 107.5 80.00 47.50 42.50
C 4.5 m The total apron area should be adequate to permit
consideration being given to the fact that some portions of
≤1% expeditious handling of the aerodrome traffic at its F - - - 190 - - - 115 97.50 57.50 50.50
D 7.5 m the apron will be subjected to a higher density of traffic
maximum anticipated density.
and, as a result of slow moving or stationery aircraft, to
E 7.5 m higher stresses than a runway.

F 7.5 m

ISOLATED AIRCRAFT PARKING POSITION AERODROME REFERENCE CODE


OUTER MAIN
CODE NO CODE LETTER FIELD LENGTH WINGSPAN GEAR WHEEL
SPANa.
1 A L < 800m W < 15m S < 4.5m

The isolated aircraft parking position should be located at the maximum distance practicable and in any case never less than 100 m from other parking positions, buildings or public areas, etc. Cate 2 B 1200m > L ≥ 800m 24m > W ≥ 15m 6m > S ≥ 4.5m

should be taken ensure that the position is not located over underground utilities such as gas and aviation fuel and, to the extent feasible, electrical or communication cables. 3 C 1800m > L ≥ 1200m 36m > W ≥ 24m 9m > S ≥ 6m

4 D L ≥ 1800m 52m > W ≥ 36m 14m > S ≥ 9m

E 65m > W ≥ 52m 14m > S ≥ 9m

DE-ICING / ANTI-ICING FACILITIES F 80m > W ≥ 65m 16m > S ≥ 14m

a. Distance between the outside edges of the main gear wheels


SIZE AND NUMBER OF DE-ICING/ANTI- SLOPES ON DE-ICING/ANTI- STRENGTH OF DE-ICING/ANTI-ICING
GENERAL LOCATION
ICING PADS ICING PADS PADS STRENGTH OF PAVEMENTS
CODE PAVEMENT TYPE ACN- CODE EVALUATION
The de-icing/anti-icing pad should be LETTER PCN DETERMINATION LETTER METHOD
Aeroplane de- De-icing/anti-icing facilities should be provided either The size of de-icing/anti-icing pad should capable of withstanding the traffic of the R Rigid Pavement T Technical Evaluation
icing/anti-icing at aircraft stands or at specified remote stand areas be equal to the parking area required by aircraft it is intended to serve, due
along the taxiway leading to the runway meant for take- The longitudinal slope should be as Using Aircraft
facilities should be the most demanding aeroplane in a given consideration being given to the fact that F Flexible Pavement U
off, provided that adequate drainage arragements for little as practicable and the Experience
provided at an category with at least 3.8 m clear paved the de-icing/anti-icing pad (like apron) will CODE
SUBGRADE STRENGTH CATEGORY
the collection and safe disposal excess de-icing/anti- transverse slope should not exceed LETTER
aerodrome where icing fluids are avaible to prevent ground water
area all round the aeroplane for the be subjected to a higher density of traffic
1% High Strength: characterized by K=150 MN/m3 and representing all K
icing conditions are contamination. The effect of volume of traffic and movement of the de-icing/anti-icing and, as a result of slow moving or
A values above 120 MN/m3 for rigid pavements, and by CBR=15 and
expected to occur. departure flow rates should also be considered. vehicles. stationery aircraft, to higher stresses than representing all CBR values above 13 for flexible pavements.
a runway. Medium Strength: characterized by K=80 MN/m3 and representing a
B range in K of 60 to 120 MN/m3 for rigid pavements, and by CBR=10 and
representing a range in CBR of 8 to 13 for flexible pavements.
CLEARANCE DISTANCE ON A DE-ICING/ANTI-ICING PADS ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS Low Strength: characterized by K=40 MN/m3 and representing a range in
C K of 25 to 60 MN/m3 for rigid pavements, and by CBR=6 and representing
a range in CBR of 4 to 8 for flexible pavements.
Taxiway other than Ultra Low Strength: characterized by K=20 MN/m3 and representing all K
Aircraft stand taxilane D values below 25 MN/m3 for rigid pavements, and by CBR=3 and
aircraft stand taxilane, Where de-icing/anti-
CODE NO center line to object representing all CBR values below 4 for flexible pavements.
center line to object icing activities are CODE
(meters) MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE TIRE PRESSURE CATEGORY
(meters) carried out, the LETTER
surface drainage W High: no pressure limit
A 16.25 12 should be planned to
collect the run-off X Medium: pressure limited to 1.50 Mpa
B 21.5 16.5 separately, preventing
its mixing with the Y Low: pressure limited to 1.00 Mpa
C 26 24.5 normal surface run-off
so that it does not Z Very Low: pressure limited to 0.50 Mpa
D 40.5 36
pollute the ground If the bearing strength of a rigid pavement, resting on a medium strength subgrade, has been
E 47.5 42.5 water. assessed by technical evaluation to be PCN 80 and there is no tire pressure limitation, then
the reported information would be:

F 57.5 50.5 PCN 80 / R / B / W / T

TYPICAL CROSS-SECTION OF AIRPORT PAVEMENTS

QA/QC Lead Eng. Sinan İCİK