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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat


Exchangers
GP 06-01-01

Scope
1) This ExxonMobil Global Practice (GP) covers the requirements for shell-and-tube exchangers
according to API Standard 660, Eighth Edition, and the identical ISO 16812 (E), August 2007 (API
STD 660-8/ISO 16812), titled "Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers." This GP does not cover double
pipe exchangers or scraped surface exchangers.
2) API STD 660-8/ISO 16812 (E) as amended by this GP, defines the minimum requirements for shell-
and-tube heat exchangers in petroleum, petrochemical, and natural gas industries.
3) [I] Only the paragraphs amended are listed. For user convenience, the nature of the amendment is
noted as follows:

Addition:
Denotes additions to the corresponding API/ISO paragraph.

Exception:
Denotes a complete replacement of the corresponding API/ISO paragraph.

New:
Denotes a new requirement that does not appear in API STD 660-8/ISO 16812.

Refining/Chemicals, Downstream
For Company Use Only Version 5.0.0
Imperial Oil

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Copyright Waiver
ExxonMobil Development Company and ExxonMobil Pipeline Company hereby license the use of ExxonMobil Engineering Practices System (EMEPS) Global Practices (GPs) for
use by any ExxonMobil division, subsidiary, or more-than-50%-owned affiliate. The GPs may be downloaded and modified as necessary for project and affiliate use. Written
permission from ExxonMobil Development Company or ExxonMobil Pipeline Company is not required. However, any modified GPs must be renumbered to a project-specific or
affiliate-specific number to distinguish them from the GPs on the EMEPS web site. ExxonMobil operated joint ventures may utilize GPs to create project-specific or location-specific
specifications. It is the responsibility of individual affiliate or joint venture to ensure that the use of GPs and their derivatives is limited to joint venture related business and not
disclosed or used outside the JV without appropriate EM management approval.
GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Table of Contents

1. Required References ............................................................................................ 3


1.1. Global Practices–ExxonMobil Engineering Practices ................................... 3
1.2. API–American Petroleum Institute ................................................................ 3
1.3. TEMA–Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association ................................ 3
2. Additional Requirements ...................................................................................... 3
2.1. Global Practices–ExxonMobil Engineering Practices ................................... 3
2.2. ASME–American Society of Mechanical Engineers ..................................... 4
2.3. ASTM–American Society for Testing and Materials ..................................... 4
2.4. BSI–British Standards Institution .................................................................. 4
2.5. NACE–National Association of Corrosion Engineers.................................... 4
3. Revisions to API Standard 660, Eighth Edition, August 2007/ISO 16812 ......... 4

Modification to Section 3: Terms and Definitions ..................................................... 5

Modifications to Section 4: General ........................................................................... 5

Modifications to Section 5: Proposals ....................................................................... 5

Modifications to Section 6: Drawings and Other Required Data.............................. 5

Modifications to Section 7: Design ............................................................................. 6

Modifications to Section 8: Materials ....................................................................... 10

Modifications to Section 9: Fabrication ................................................................... 11

Modifications to Section 10: Inspection and Testing .............................................. 13

Revision to Section 11: Preparation for Shipment .................................................. 14

Revision to Section 12: Supplemental Requirements............................................. 14

Appendix: Exception to Annex B of API Standard 660-8/ISO 16812 ...................... 15

Record of Change ....................................................................................................... 18

Attachment: Purpose Code Definitions.................................................................... 23

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

1. Required References
This Section lists the Practices, codes, standards, specifications, and publications that shall be used with
this document. Unless otherwise specified herein, use the latest edition.

1.1. Global Practices–ExxonMobil Engineering Practices


GP 03-16-01 Flanged Joints, Gaskets, and Bolting
GP 05-01-01 Pressure Vessels
GP 05-03-01 Pressure Testing of Unfired Pressure Vessels
GP 18-07-01 Welding Procedures
GP 18-10-01 Additional Requirements for Materials
GP 20-01-01 Inspection of Equipment and Materials

1.2. API–American Petroleum Institute


API STD 660-8/ISO Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers for General Refinery Services - Eighth
16812 Edition, 2007

1.3. TEMA–Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association


TEMA BOOK OF Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (9th
STANDARDS Edition) - 2007

2. Additional Requirements
[*] This Section lists the additional Practices, codes, standards, specifications, and publications that shall
be used with this document only where specified. Unless otherwise specified herein, use the latest
edition.

2.1. Global Practices–ExxonMobil Engineering Practices


GP 03-08-01 Expansion Joints
GP 05-01-02 Additional Requirements for Special Criteria Pressure Vessels
GP 18-04-01 Postweld Heat Treatment of Equipment Handling Alkaline Solutions
GP 18-12-01 Positive Material Identification
GP 19-01-01 Paint and Protective Coatings

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

GP 20-01-03 Quality Programs

2.2. ASME–American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings NPS 1/2 Through NPS 24 Metric/Inch
Standard
ASME SEC II A SA- SA-450/SA-450M Specification for General Requirements for Carbon,
450/SA-450M Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes
ASME SEC VIII D1 BPVC Section VIII - Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels -
Division 1
ASME SEC VIII D2 BPVC Section VIII - Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels -
Division 2 Alternative Rules
ASME SEC IX BPVC Section IX - Qualification Standard for Welding and Brazing
Procedures, Welders, Brazers, and Welding and Brazing Operators

2.3. ASTM–American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A 193/A 193M Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting
Materials for High Temperature or High Pressure Service and Other
Special Purpose Applications
ASTM A 320/A 320M Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting
Materials for Low-Temperature Service

2.4. BSI–British Standards Institution


BSI BS EN ISO 15614- Specification and Qualification of Welding Procedures for Metallic
8 Materials - Welding Procedure Test - Part 8: Welding of Tubes to Tube-
Plate Joints

2.5. NACE–National Association of Corrosion Engineers


NACE MR0103 Materials Resistant to Sulfide Stress Cracking in Corrosive Petroleum
Refining Environments

3. Revisions to API Standard 660, Eighth Edition, August


2007/ISO 16812
[I] All headings contained herein correspond to paragraph numbering within API STD 660-8/ISO 16812
and reflect additions, exceptions, and new requirements to the standard. All provisions not modified or
deleted remain in force.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Modification to Section 3: Terms and Definitions


3.5. Addition: Definition: Effective Surface
[I] Effective surface—the area associated with tube bends in U-tube bundles shall be considered as
effective heat transfer surface in kettle-type reboilers only.

Modifications to Section 4: General


4.1. Exception: General
[*] [I] Design, fabrication, inspection, and testing of heat exchangers shall be in accordance with the
latest edition of ASME SEC VIII D1. Alternatively, codes of other countries shall be permitted in
accordance with GP 05-01-01.

4.2. Exception: General


[R] Heat-exchanger construction shall conform to TEMA, Class R, unless another TEMA class is
specified by the Purchaser.

Modifications to Section 5: Proposals


5.7.b. Exception: Proposals
[*] [I] Spare gaskets shall not be supplied unless otherwise specified by Purchaser.

5.8. New: Proposals


[*] [I] If specified, the proposal shall include a copy of a detailed description of the Vendor Quality
Assurance program. This is required to contain a positive materials identification (PMI) program for
alloy components.

Modifications to Section 6: Drawings and Other Required


Data
6.1.2. Exception: Outline Drawings and Other Supporting Data
[R] Vendor shall submit tube vibration analysis calculations for review. In the case of kettle reboilers, an
analysis using a software specialized in detailed tube vibrations, and approved by Purchaser, shall be
performed.

6.2.2. Exception: Information Required after Outline Drawings are


Reviewed
Qualified welding procedures and procedure qualification records as required by the pressure design code
shall be submitted for review.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

6.2.4.a. Addition: Information Required after Outline Drawings are


Reviewed
[R] Vendor shall supply calculations for the hydrotest condition demonstrating that the as specified
uncorroded thickness of the pressure containing components, excluding bolting, are acceptable based on a
maximum allowable stress in tension for the hydrotest condition of 90 percent of the specified minimum
yield strength (SMYS) at ambient temperature for ferritic steels, or 100 percent of SMYS at ambient
temperature for austenitic and non-ferritic steels, using the same Code formulas used to determine the
required thickness for the design conditions.

6.2.5. Exception: Information Required after Outline Drawings are


Reviewed
[I] Vendor shall submit for review mechanical design calculations for supports and lifting/pulling devices.

Modifications to Section 7: Design


7.1.1. Exception: Design Temperature
[*] [R] All exchangers shall have two design temperatures for each side, a maximum design temperature
as specified on API STD 660-8/ISO 16812, Annex C, "Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Data Sheets,"
Page 1, Line 41, and a critical exposure temperature (CET), specified by Purchaser as shown in Table B–
1 of this Practice.

7.1.3. Addition: Design Temperature


[R] For fixed tubesheet exchangers, if the differential between the average shell metal temperature and
the coincident average metal temperature of any one tube pass exceeds 50°F (28°C) in any operating case,
the need for a shellside or tubeside expansion joint shall be evaluated by Vendor.

7.1.5. New: Design Temperature


[R] Two pass shell (F-shell) exchangers shall not be used unless approved by Owner.

7.4.2 Exception: Stationary Head


[R] The pressure differential used to calculate the pass-partition plate thickness in accordance with
TEMA, RCB-9.132, shall be the greater of the allowable tube-side pressure drop of the entire exchanger
unit or twice the clean calculated pressure drop across the pass-partition plate, unless otherwise approved
by Owner.

7.4.3. New: Stationary Head


[O] TEMA Type C channels shall have an internal pass partition box (where pass partitions are sealed
independently from the channel cover).

7.5.6. New: Floating Head


[M] Split ring design for TEMA Type S units shall be as shown in Figure 1 of this GP. The shellside
corrosion allowance shall be included on the backside of the floating head backing device.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Figure 1: Split Ring for TEMA Type S Bundles


1/4 in.
(6 mm)

Floating Head Split Ring


Flange

Bolt Circle
1/16 in. (1.5 mm) Line
1/16 in.
1/8 in. (3 mm) (1.5 mm) R

30°
1/16 in.
(1.5 mm)

Floating
Tubesheet

7.6.1.4. New: Tubes


[R] When integrally finned tubes are specified, the tube wall thickness under the root diameter of the fins
shall meet the thickness specified on the Heat Exchanger Specification Sheet.

7.6.1.5. New: Tubes


[R] Integrally finned U-tubes shall be finned in the bend area, except when the mean bend diameter is less
than six outside tube diameters, in which case the entire bend plus 2 in. beyond the tangent shall not be
finned.

7.6.2.5. New: Tubesheets


[*] [I] If the procedures described in ASME SEC VIII D1 Part UHX, Para. UHX-13.8.1 (b), (c), (d), or
14.6.1 (b), (c), (d) are applicable, Purchaser shall provide the information required for the calculations to
satisfy the design considerations of Para. UHX-13.4 or UHX-14.4.

7.6.2.6. New: Tubesheets


a) [R] In exchangers with stationary or fixed tubesheets and bolted flanges made of dissimilar materials,
the selection of solid SS or high alloy tubesheets shall be limited to applications where the maximum
differential thermal expansion in each pair of tubesheet and flange does not exceed 0.1 inch, unless
otherwise approved by Owner.
b) The thermal expansion calculations shall be based on the gasket mean diameter and the largest
difference between the estimated coincident operating or design temperatures of the tubesheet and the
flange under consideration. For bolted joints involving stationary tubesheets with channel and shell
side flanges, the differential thermal expansion between each flange and the tubesheet shall be
assessed independently. The temperatures used in the thermal expansion calculations shall be
approved by Owner before final selection of the tubesheet material.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

7.6.2.7 New: Tubesheets


[R] Roller-expanded tube-to-tubesheet joints shall comply with the rules in Para. A-1 (d) (3) of ASME
SEC VIII D1 NMA A, "Basis for Establishing Allowable Loads for Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints," unless
otherwise approved by Owner.

7.6.4.1. Exception: Impingement Protection


[R] If impingement protection is required, two rows of solid impingement rods of the same diameter,
same pitch, and same layout as the tubes shall be used, unless otherwise approved by Owner.

7.7.5.d. Exception: Nozzles and Other Connections


[R] Slip-on flanges shall not be used in hydrogen and wet H 2 S services, as defined in GP 18-10-01.

7.7.6. Addition: Nozzles and Other Connections


[M] The projection of a flanged connection shall provide adequate clearance between the back of the
flange and the insulation on the heat exchanger to allow bolt removal when a valve is to be installed on
the neck of the nozzle.

7.7.10. New: Nozzles and Other Connections


[R] Threaded connections shall not be provided on exchanger components if any of the following applies:
a) Clad or weld overlay construction
b) Design temperature greater than or equal to 750°F (400°C)
c) Components are subject to post-weld heat treatment (PWHT).
d) [*] If Purchaser specifies that Heat exchangers are in dangerous material service, unless all threaded
connections are seal welded

7.7.11. New: Nozzles and Other Connections


[R] [I] Areas A1 and A3 in the calculations for nozzle reinforcement per ASME SEC VIII D1, UG-37,
shall be set equal to zero.

7.8.10. New: Flanged External Girth Joints


[R] The potential effects of thermal distortion on the reliability of bolted and gasketed tubesheet and girth
flange joints shall be considered where the difference between the inlet and outlet temperatures of either
shell or tube side exceeds 175°F (80°C).

7.8.11. New: Flanged External Girth Joints


[*] [M] If specified by Owner, the design of girth flanges, floating head flanges, tubesheets, and channel
covers shall include a 1/ 8 in. allowance on each gasket surface, including the pass partition grooves, for
future maintenance machining. If the exchanger or exchanger component requires PWHT, this allowance
shall be increased to 3/ 16 in. For gasket surfaces with weld overlay or cladding, no future machining
allowance is required

7.8.12. New: Flanged External Girth Joints


[R] [I] Exchanger MAWP shall not be limited by bolting.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

7.9.1. Addition: Expansion Joints


[R] Shellside expansion joints shall be of the flanged and flued construction, unless otherwise approved
by Owner.

7.10.1. Exception: Gaskets


[R] Gaskets in girth flange joints shall be double jacketed, corrugated metal graphite-covered (CMGC),
grooved metal graphite-covered (GMGC), or spiral wound; solid flat metal gaskets shall not be used.
Gasket type and material for girth flange joints shall be in accordance with GP 03-16-01 and shall be
selected per Table 1 of this GP for fluid services compatible with the intended gasket materials.
For all gasket types, the following gasket factors shall be used:
m = 4 (minimum)
y = 10,000 psi (69 MPa) (minimum)

Table 1: Gasket Types for Service Fluids


Service Fluid Equivalent Design Temperature Gasket Type
ASME Rating Range °F (°C)

Hydrocarbons 150 and 300 750 (400) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
Above 750 (400) Spiral Wound or GMGC(See Note 2 below)
400 and higher Any Spiral Wound or GMGC(See Note 2 below)
Hydrogen or 150 and 300 750 (400) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
Helium Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
Above 750 (400) Spiral Wound or GMGC (See Note 2 below)
400 and higher Any Spiral Wound or GMGC (See Note 2 below)
Steam 150 and 300 750 (400) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
Above 750 (400) Spiral Wound or GMGC(See Note 2 below)
400 and higher Spiral Wound or GMGC(See Note 2 below)
Air or other 150 and 300 750 (400) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
oxidizing media Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
Above 750 (400) Spiral Wound or GMGC(See Note 2 below)
Water (including 150 and 300 Any Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
boiler feed) Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
400, and higher Any Spiral Wound or GMGC
Toxic Materials, 300 and lower 750 (400) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
including acids Wound, CMGC, or GMGC
and caustics
Refrigerant and 300 and lower 400 (200) and below Double-jacketed (See Note 1 below), Spiral
Refrigerated Wound, CMGC, or GMGC

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Service Fluid Equivalent Design Temperature Gasket Type


ASME Rating Range °F (°C)
Hydrocarbon Above 300 Any Spiral Wound or GMGC
Notes:
(1) Double jacketed gaskets shall be limited to Class 150 services with design temperatures below 500°F.

(2) SW, CMGC and GMGC gaskets operating above 800F and in oxidizing atmospheres, such as air, oxygen,
carbon dioxide, steam, etc. shall have Thermiculite or an approved equivalent, as filler/cover material.

(3) [*] For exchangers in cyclic service, GMGC or SW gaskets for girth flanges shall be selected if allowed per
Table 1. When specified by the Purchaser, properly designed Belleville disc springs (washers) to maintain
bolt load shall be installed. An exchanger is to be considered in cyclic service if the number of startups and
shutdowns plus other significant pressure or temperature cycles exceed 1000 during the life of the unit.

7.10.10. New: Gaskets


[*] [R] Gasket type for the floating head joint shall be GMGC, unless otherwise specified by Purchaser.

7.10.11. New: Gaskets


[R] If double-jacketed gaskets are used in aqueous acid (pH<3) service, the metal shells of the gaskets
shall be of a more corrosion-resistant alloy than the flange material, otherwise GMGC or CMGC gaskets
shall be used.

7.11.4. Addition: Handling Devices


[S] All vertical heat exchangers shall have lifting devices to install the exchanger and to pull the bundle.

7.12. Exception: Hydrogen Service


[*] [I] If the Purchaser specifies that the tubeside and/or shellside are/is in hydrogen or wet H 2 S service,
as defined in GP 18-10-01, totally enclosed spaces between welds shall be eliminated or vented with a
hole of 1/ 4 in. (6 mm) diameter.

Modifications to Section 8: Materials


8.1.1.1. New: General
[*] [R] Floating head flange joint bolting of ferritic material shall be ASTM A 193/A 193M Grade B7M
if the shell side service has been specified to contain wet H 2 S, caustic solution in concentrations, which
would require PWHT per GP 18-04-01, or amines. Due to the lower yield strength of B7M studs (when
compared to B7/B16 studs), controlled tightening of the floating head should be considered.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

8.1.1.2. New: General


[*] [R] If the shell side corrosion allowance is greater than 1/ 8 in. (3 mm), floating head flange bolting
shall be either 12 chrome conforming to ASTM A 193/A 193M Grade B6 or 18 chrome 8 nickel
conforming to ASTM A 320/A 320M Grade B8, strain hardened.

8.3.3. New: Tubes


[R] Electric resistance welded (ERW) copper alloy tubes shall not be used.

8.3.4 New: Tubes


[R] Welded (ERW) carbon steel tubes shall comply with the following requirements:
a) An eddy current test in accordance with ASME SEC II A SA-450/SA-450M shall be performed on
the entire cross-section of welded tubes.
b) Tubes shall have a maximum internal weld flash height of 0.076 mm (0.003 in.).
c) Where the carbon content exceeds 0.23 wt percent, the carbon equivalent shall not exceed 0.43 percent.
d) Only continuously cast or equivalent steel shall be used.
e) All ERW seams shall be normalized and tempered.
f) All ERW seams shall be hydrostatically tested
g) The tube mill shall provide quality control data acceptable to Owner.

Modifications to Section 9: Fabrication


9.2.1. New: Pass-partition Plates
[R] Pass partition plates of channels and floating head covers, which are subject to PWHT, shall be full
penetration welded.

9.5.1. Exception: Welding


[R] Paragraphs 9.5.1 to 9.5.5 and 9.5.7 to 9.5.9 of API STD 660-8/ISO 16812 are superseded by GP 05-
01-01, GP 05-01-02, or GP 18-07-01, as applicable, and the following new Sections.

9.5.6.1. New: Welding


[*] [R] If indicated in the Table B–1 checklist of this GP, Purchaser shall specify welded tube-to-
tubesheet joints on the Heat Exchanger Specification Sheet. Such joints are required for, but not limited
to, the following services:
a) Hydrogen service, as defined in GP 18-10-01, where the design pressure exceeds 1000 psig (6. 9 MPa
gauge) or the design temperature exceeds 1000°F (540°C)
b) Sulfur plant waste heat boilers and condensers
c) Exchangers handling steam or boiler feedwater at design conditions exceeding Class 150 pressure-
temperature ratings given by ASME B16.5
d) Joints above 400°F (200°C) metal temperature with austenitic stainless steel tubes and ferritic
tubesheets
e) Design pressures above 1500 psig (10.3 MPa gauge)
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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

f) Services in which sudden temperature changes may occur frequently


g) Services in which cross-contamination of shellside and tubeside fluids cannot be tolerated
h) Titanium tube to titanium clad tubesheet joints
i) When the f y ratio of tubesheet SMYS to tube SMYS), as defined in ASME SEC VIII D1, NMA A,
"Basis for Establishing Allowable Loads for Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints," is less than 0.6. For clad
tubesheets, the tubesheet yield stress used in the calculation of f y shall be that of the backer material.
j) Other services specified by Purchaser

9.5.6.2. New: Welding


[R] All tube-to-tubesheet welding procedures shall be qualified and tested in accordance with ASME SEC
IX QW-193 or BSI BS EN ISO 15614-8, except that the acceptance criteria contained in QW-193.1.3(d)
shall only be considered mandatory for ASME SEC VIII D2 construction. Vendor shall submit a
complete fabrication plan (including assembly, cleaning, weld preparation, and testing) to Purchaser for
approval.

9.5.6.3. New: Welding


[M] For tube-to-tubesheet welding, tubesheet surfaces require a weld overlay if either of the following
conditions exist:
a) The root pass is deposited by TIG welding without filler metal.
b) [*] The tubesheet material requires PWHT according to the applicable code; for this case, a non-air
hardening weld overlay is required when specified by Purchaser.

9.5.11. New: Welding


a) [R] If tube-to-tubesheet welding is specified in the checklist in Table B–1 of this GP, the joint shall be
per ASME Section VIII Division I, Appendix A (ASME SEC VIII D1 NMA APP A), Figure A–2,
"Some Acceptable Types of Tube-to-Tubesheet Welds," Details 1, 2, 3, or 4 (strength weld).
b) Tube-to-tubesheet welding where the weld geometry creates "a" that is less than 1.4t (seal weld) per
Appendix A (ASME SEC VIII D1 NMA APP A), Figure A–2, "Some Acceptable Types of Tube-to-
Tubesheet Welds," Details 6, 8, or 9, may be offered to Purchaser for approval when the material of
construction is a high alloy material such as an austenitic or duplex SS, Ni alloy, or Ti, subject to the
following conditions:
1) The weld shall not be a recessed seal weld.
2) The welding shall be performed by GTAW.
3) Only Ti-to-Ti joints may be welded without filler metal. In this case, Section 9.5.6.3, Item (1),
does not apply.

9.6.7. Addition: Heat Treatment


[*] Welded ferritic steel components (channel, bonnet, shell, shell cover, floating head) shall be post-weld
heat treated if any of the following service conditions are specified by Purchaser:
a) [S] Caustic solutions per GP 18-04-01
b) [R] Alkaline service per GP 18-04-01
c) [R] Wet H 2 S service per GP 18-10-01

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

9.6.8 New: Heat Treatment


[R] Test coupons for carbon and low alloy steel components required per ASME SEC VIII D1 UCS-85
shall be furnished with at least two additional PWHT cycles for future full-thickness weld repairs, unless
otherwise specified by Owner. All time at PWHT temperatures in excess of 900°F shall be taken into
account in the sample hold time. Actual material specifications, including PWHT hold times and
temperatures, shall be approved by Owner prior to ordering material.

9.7.4. New: Dimensional Tolerances


[M] Maximum interchangeability of components shall be provided if two or more heat exchangers have
the same design conditions.

9.8.2. Addition: Gasket Contact Surfaces other than Nozzle-Flange


Facings
[R] The flatness tolerance on peripheral gasket contact surfaces shall be in accordance with GP 05-01-01,
Table 4, "Allowable Flatness Tolerances of Gasket Contact Surfaces."

9.10.2. Addition: Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints


[R] If welded tube-to-tubesheet joints are specified, the final tube expansion is required and shall be
performed after welding.

9.10.5. New: Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints


[R] Normally tubes shall extend 1/ 8 in. (3 mm) beyond the tubesheet. Copper alloy tubes handling salt or
brackish water shall extend 3/ 16 in. (5 mm) beyond the tubesheet and shall be flared by roller expansion at
15 degrees with the tube centerline.

9.11.3. New: Assembly


[M] Gasket surfaces shall not be greased for makeup. However, a small amount of adhesive may be used
to hold the gasket in position before assembly.

Modifications to Section 10: Inspection and Testing


10.1.1. Exception: Quality Assurance
[I] Inspection by the Purchaser's Representative shall be performed in accordance with GP 20-01-01.

10.2. Exception: Quality Control


GP 05-01-01 or GP 05-01-02 supersedes Section 10.2 of API STD 660-8/ISO 16812.

10.2.5.a. Exception: Quality Control


[I] [R] Hardness testing of the weld metal and heat affected zone of pressure retaining welds shall be in
accordance with GP 18-10-01.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

10.3.1. Exception: Pressure Testing


[R] All welded tube-to-tubesheet joints shall have the tube weld integrity verified (before final expansion)
by pneumatic test from the shellside at a minimum gauge pressure of 15 psi (100 kPa), using a soap-water
solution to reveal leaks.

10.3.3. Addition: Pressure Testing


[I] Heat exchangers shall be hydrotested in accordance with GP 05-03-01, which requires test pressures
typically higher than the ones specified in ASME SEC VIII D1.

10.3.12. New: Pressure Testing


[*] [R] An optional shellside helium leak test shall be provided when specified by Purchaser for welded
tube-to-tubesheet joints prior to final expansion.

10.3.13. New: Pressure Testing


[*] [R] A supplemental helium flange leak test shall be provided when specified by Purchaser.

Revision to Section 11: Preparation for Shipment


11.1.1. Addition: Protection
[R] All exchangers shall be dried to ambient dew point. Exchangers shipped over the ocean shall be
purged with nitrogen prior to closing for shipment. Exchangers shipped overland shall have a desiccant,
such as silica gel, placed inside the nozzles.

11.1.5. Exception: Protection


[R] Threaded connections shall be plugged with solid bar stock plugs of the same nominal chemical
composition as the connection.

11.1.7. Exception: Protection


[*] [R] Paint system(s) for exterior surfaces shall be specified by Purchaser using GP 19-01-01. In
addition, Purchaser shall also specify in Table B–1 of the Appendix in this GP whether prime-painting or
complete system painting is required.

11.1.8. Addition: Protection


[R] Test holes in reinforcing pads shall be plugged with grease or plastic sealant prior to shipment.

Revision to Section 12: Supplemental Requirements


12.1. Exception: General
[I] Additional requirements for pressure parts—excluding tubes, tubesheets, and channel covers—where
the thickness exceeds 2 in. (50 mm), material of construction is ferritic alloy steel, material of
construction is Quenched and Tempered (Q&T) steel, material of construction has a specified yield
strength that exceeds 52200 psi (360 MPa ), or vessel is in cyclic service shall be per GP 05-01-02.
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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Appendix: Exception to Annex B of API Standard 660-8/ISO


16812
The checklist in Table B–1 supersedes Annex B, "Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Checklist," of API
STD 660-8/ISO 16812.
This checklist shall be used for listing Purchaser Specific Requirements when an asterisked [*] Section of
this GP or a bulleted (•) Section of API STD 660-8/ISO 16812 provides a choice or designates that a
decision shall be made.
In the Section/Paragraph column, API/ISO Par. means a paragraph in API STD 660-8/ISO 16812; GP
Section means a Section/Paragraph found in this GP.

Table B–1: Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Checklist

Section/ Item Owner's Requirement


Paragraph
GP Section 2.1 GP 03-08-01 – Expansion Joints Yes No
GP 05-01-02 – Additional Requirements for Special Criteria Pressure Vessels Yes No
GP 18-04-01 – Postweld Heat Treatment of Equipment Handling Alkaline Yes No
Solutions
GP 18-12-01 – Positive Material Identification Yes No
GP 19-01-01 – Paint and Protective Coatings Yes No
GP 20-01-03 – Quality Programs Yes No
GP Section 4.1 Pressure design code to be used

API Para. 4.3 GP 05-01-01 – Registration with the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Yes No
Vessel Inspection Authority?
GP Section 5.7 (b) Spare gaskets required? Yes No
GP Section 5.8 Is Vendor Quality Assurance Program required? Yes No

GP Section 7.1.1 Critical exposure temperature. ________ ________


Shell: _____________________
Channel: _____________________
API Par. 7.1.3. Expansion joint design conditions (Annex A)
GP 6-1-1, Para. Purchaser to provide information for design considerations described in UHX-
7.6.2.5 13.4 or UHX-14.4, if the procedures in UHX-13.8.1 (b), (c), (d), or UHX-
14.6.1 (b), (c), (d) are applicable.
___________

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Section/ Item Owner's Requirement


Paragraph
API 7.7.1 Purchaser to specify the required flange design code ___________
API Par. 7.7.6 Insulation thickness.
Shell: _____________________
Channel: _____________________
API Par. 7.7.8 Chemical cleaning connections required? Yes No
Size _____________________
API Par. 7.7. 9 Loads and moments on connections?
API 7.7.10 Are these exchangers in dangerous material service? Yes No
API Par. 7.8.7 Bolt tightening devices required? Yes No
API 7.8.11 Is machining allowance for flange and tubesheet gasketed surfaces required? Yes No
GP Section 7.10.1 Are Belleville disc springs (washers) required? Yes No
GP Section 7.10.10 Is other than DJ or GMGC gasket specified for the floating head joint? Yes No
GP Section 7.12 Is exchanger in hydrogen or wet H 2 S service? Yes No
Which side of exchanger is in hydrogen or wet H 2 S service? Shell Tube
API 8.1.1 Is exchanger in sour service? Yes No
Which side of exchanger is in sour service? Shell Tube
GP Section 8.1.1.1 Does shell side fluid contain Wet H 2 S, concentrated caustic, or amines thus Shell Tube
requiring ASTM A193/A193M B7M bolting?
GP Section 8.1.1.2 If shellside C.A. exceeds 1/ 8 in. (3 mm), circle the bolt material. B6 B8
GP Section 9.5.6.1 Welded tube-to-tubesheet joints required? Yes No
GP Section 9.5.6.3 Weld overlay for welded tube-to-tubesheet joints when tubesheet material Yes No
requires PWHT according to the applicable code?
API Par. 9.6.2 Heat treatment requirements and procedures for U-tube bend sections. ________ ________
API Par. 9.6.5 Post weld heat treatment of clad carbon steel channels and bonnets required? Yes No
GP Section 9.6.7 Post-weld heat treatment for process reason (circle the side or "none"). Shell Tube None
API Par. 9.8.3 Special flatness tolerance on gasket contact surfaces required? Yes No
API Par. 10.1.1 Purchaser's inspection? Yes
Extent of Purchaser's inspection: GP 20-01-01
API 10.3.5 Purchaser to specify additional requirements for equipment drying or ____________________
preservation
GP Section 10.3.12 Optional tube-to-tubesheet helium leak test? Yes No
GP Section 10.3.13 Supplemental helium flange leak test? Yes No
GP Section 11.1.7 Painting requirements (circle one). Prime Complete

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Section/ Item Owner's Requirement


Paragraph
API Par. 12.1 Supplemental Requirements apply to:
Shellside Yes No
Tubeside Yes No

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Record of Change
Version 1.0.0 Date: 07/01
Location Action Description
No changes

Version 2.0.0 Date: 02/03


Sector tagging added. No changes to text.

Version 3.0.0 Date: 08/03


Section 2 Addition Added an asterisk to Section 2, first paragraph.
Section 4.10.1, Addition Added the Note to the end of Table 1.
Table 1
Appendix, Addition Added the following to the table:
Table A–1,
GP Section 4.10.1. Are Belleville disc springs (washers) required? Yes
Row 19
No
Appendix, Modification Changed GP Section 5.1 to GP Section 5.1.1
Table A–1,
Column 1,
Row 22
Appendix, Modification Changed GP Section 7.3.7.1 to GP Section 7.3.11
Table A–1,
Column 1,
Row 32
Appendix, Modification Changed GP Section 7.3.7.2 to GP Section 7.3.12
Table A–1,
Column 1,
Row 33

Version 3.1.0 Date: 12/03


Section 1.1 Addition Added references to GP 18-12-01 and GP 18-07-01.
Section 2.1 Deletion Deleted reference to GP 19-02-01.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Version 4.0.0 Date: 02/05


General Renumbering Renumbered each section as appropriate to reflect new API standard.
Section 1.1 Addition Added references to GP 05-03-01 and GP 18-10-01.
Removed reference to GP 18-12-01.
Section 2.1 Addition Added references to GP 18-12-01 and GP 20-01-03.
Removed references to GP 19-04-01 and GP 19-04-02.
Section 2.2 Addition Added references to ASME B16.5 and ASME BPVC Section VIII.
Section 2.4 Addition Added reference to NACE MR0103.
Section 4.1 Modification Modified the Pressure Design Code requirements.
Section 4.2 Deletion Deleted old GP 1.2.1 "TEMA R design requirements" as adequately
covered in 4.2 of API.
Section 6.2.4.c Addition Added decision point for bolt-up procedure for girth flanges.
Section 6.2.5 Addition Added requirement for tube vibration analysis.
Section 7.1.4 Modification Modified criteria for evaluation of expansion joints in exchangers with
fixed tubesheets.
Section 7.1.5 Addition Added rationale.
Section 7.2.3 Deletion Deleted old GP 4.2.3 as adequately covered in 7.2.2 of API and GP 18-
07-01.
Section 7.3.2.e Deletion Deleted old GP 4.3.2.a as adequately covered in 7.3.2.e of API.
Section 7.3.4 Deletion Deleted old GP 4.3.4 as adequately covered in 5.2.6.a of API
Section 7.5.6 Modification Modified "recommended" to "shall be" and added rationale.
Section 7.7.5.d Modification Prohibited the use of slip-on flanges in H 2 and wet H 2 S service.
Section 7.7.7 Modification Added clarification regarding the clearance for bolt removal.
Section 7.7.11 Modification Modified wording to avoid confusion.
Section 7.7.11 Deletion Deleted old GP 04-07-12 as adequately covered in 5.2.6.a of API.
[*] Section Addition Added requirements for gaskets when nubbins are specified.
7.8.3
Table 1 Modification Added DJ gaskets in 300# hydrocarbon, hydrogen, and helium services,
150 and 300# steam services, CMGC gaskets in 150 and 300# water
services.
Section 7.10.1 Modification Revised the first sentence to better describe the acceptable gasket types
for girth flange joints.
Section 7.10.5 Addition Added new paragraph.
Section 7.12 Modification Modified hydrogen service definition and added requirement in wet H 2 S
service.
Section 8.1.1 Modification Replaced NACE MR0175 with MR0103.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Section 8.1.1.1 Addition Added controlled tightening requirements for B7M studs.
Section 9.5.6.1 Addition Modified definition of H 2 service in Item 1); added Item 8) and
Rationale.
Section Addition Added Rationale and modified the designator for this item to "M" from
9.5.6.3.2 "R."
Section Addition Added clarification for tube expansion requirement.
9.5.11.1
Section 9.6.7 Modification Replaced "carbon steel" with "ferritic steel" and modified the definition
of wet H 2 S service.
Section 9.8.2 Addition Added flatness tolerance.
Section 9.8.3 Deletion Deleted old GP 6.8.3 as adequately covered in GP 9.8.2.
Section 9.11.3 Modification This paragraph was previously numbered 9.10.3.
[*]Section Modification Specified a minimum 15 psig (1 barg) pneumatic test pressure for welded
10.3.1 tube-to-tubesheet joints.
[*]Section Modification Modified "if specified" to "shall be conducted unless otherwise specified
10.3.5 by the Purchaser."
Section Modification Modified supplemental leak test requirements for welded tube-to-
10.3.11 tubesheet joints.
Section 12.1 Addition Added criteria for applicability of GP 05-01-02.
Appendix: Modification Renumbered each section as appropriate to reflect new API standard.
Annex B Deleted/Added sections as appropriate to reflect new API standard and
revised GP. Changed Table A–1 to Table B–1. Added Annex D to
Table B-1 in Annex B.

Version 5.0.0 Date: 01/09


General Renumbering Renumbered, deleted, and added sections as appropriate to reflect new
API standard.
Section 4.2 Addition Added clarification and rationale regarding TEMA R exchangers.
Section 6.2.4.a Addition Added requirement for calculations for hydro test condition.
Section 6.2.4.e Addition Added clarification and rationale regarding tube vibration analyses.
Section 7.1.3 Modification Clarified the requirement for expansion joint evaluation.
Section 7.1.5 Modification Modified the requirement and rationale regarding F-shell exchangers.
Section 7.4.2 Addition Added the requirement and rationale regarding pass partition plates.
Section 7.5.6 Modification Clarified the requirement and rationale for floating head joints.
Section 7.6.2.5 Addition Added requirements for tubesheet calculations.
Section 7.6.2.6 Addition Added the requirement and rationale regarding SS tubesheets in high
temperature service.
Section 7.6.2.7 Addition Added design verification requirements and rationale for expanded joints.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Section 7.6.4.1 Addition Added the requirement and rationale regarding impingement protection
devices.
Section 7.7.10 Modification Modified requirements for threaded connections.
Section 7.7.11 Addition Added the requirement and rationale for nozzle reinforcement area
calculations.
Section 7.8.10 Addition Added the requirement and rationale for bolted tubesheet and flange
joints in high differential temperature applications.
Section 7.8.11 Addition Added the requirement and rationale for optional machining allowance
on gasketed surfaces.
Section 7.8.12 Addition Added the requirement and rationale for bolting design.
Section 7.9.1 Addition Added the preference for flanged and flued shell side expansion joints.
Section 7.10.1 Modification Added the gasket design factors and rationale.
Table 1 Modification Revised the gasket selection table, and added notes related to DJ gaskets
and limitation of graphite filler/cover.
Section 8.3.3 Addition Added the rationale for ERW copper tubes.
Section 8.3.4 Addition Added requirements and rationale for ERW CS tubes.
Section 9.5.6.1 Addition Added the requirement for welded joints when the ratio f y is less than
0.6.
Section 9.5.6.2 Modification Updated the Code references and rationale for welding requirements.
Section 9.5.11 Addition Added rationale defining strength welds per EM.
Section 9.6.7 Modification Removed "S" labels for alkaline and wet H2S services.
Section 9.6.8 Addition Added requirements and rationale for test coupons specified per ASME
UCS-85.
Section 9.8.2 Modification Modified the gasketed surface flatness requirement.
Section 9.10.2 Addition Added the requirement and rationale for final tube expansion after
welding.
Section 9.10.5 Addition Added rationale for flared inlet ends of copper tubes.
Section Addition Added the requirement for hardness testing of welds.
10.2.5.a
Section 10.3 Addition Added reminder of test pressures exceeding ASME VIII, Div 1
requirements.
Appendix: Modification Renumbered each section as appropriate to reflect new API standard.
Annex B Deleted/Added sections as appropriate to reflect new API standard and
revised GP.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

All Global Modifications To standardize the format of the Global Practices and to meet other
Practices requirements, the following changes have been implemented:
"For ExxonMobil Use Only" has been replaced with "For Company Use
Only."
A copyright waiver has been added in the first page Footer.
The definition of asterisks in the Scope has been deleted. The asterisk is
now defined in the Purpose Code attachment and is used within brackets
as other Purpose Codes.
Multiple paragraphs within a Section have been numbered.
The standard text for Required References has been modified.
The standard text for Additional Requirements has been modified.
The [S] Purpose Code has been modified.
The following Purpose Codes have been added:
[*] for additional information or decision required of Owner's
Engineer.
[A] for approval requirements before beginning work or finalizing
design.

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GP 06-01-01 TEMA Type Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers January 2009

Attachment: Purpose Code Definitions


Code Description
* Assigned to paragraphs that require the Owner's Engineer to provide additional information or
make a decision.
A Assigned to paragraphs that require approval from the Owner's Engineer before the work may
proceed or the design is finalized.
C Assigned to paragraphs whose primary purpose is reduced costs. Reduced cost in this context
refers to initial investment cost and does not include life cycle cost considerations. Life cycle
cost considerations are captured under reliability, maintainability, or operability purpose codes.
E Assigned to paragraphs whose primary purpose is driven by environmental considerations.
Environmental considerations typically include specifications intended to protect against
emissions/leakage to the air, water, and/or soil. Deviations from the specifications contained
in such paragraphs require formal review and approval according to local environmental
policy.
I Assigned to paragraphs that provide only clarifying information, such as Scope statements,
definitions of terms, etc.
M Assigned to paragraphs whose primary purpose is to provide for maintainability of equipment
or systems. Maintainability provisions are those that facilitate the performance of maintenance
on equipment/systems either during downtimes or during onstream operations.
O Assigned to paragraphs whose primary purpose is to assure operability of equipment or
systems. Operability is the ability of the equipment/system to perform satisfactorily even
though conditions are off-design, such as during start-ups, process swings, subcomponent
malfunction, etc.
R Assigned to paragraphs whose primary purpose is to improve or assure the reliability of
equipment or systems. Reliability is a measure of the ability of equipment/systems to operate
without malfunction or failure between planned maintenance interventions.
S Assigned to paragraphs containing specifications/guidance where the primary purpose is the
avoidance of incidents impacting personnel safety, process safety, and the public in general
and/or involving responses to emergency situations. Any deviation from the specifications
contained in such designated paragraphs requires formal review and approval according to
local safety policy.
Personnel Safety: Refers to the prevention of incident-related personnel injuries or illness,
e.g., burns, cuts, abrasions, inhalation of or exposure to dangerous
substances, etc., that could result in medical treatment, restricted work,
lost-time incidents, or fatalities.
Process Safety: Refers to the prevention and control of process releases, fires, and/or
explosions that could result in damage to equipment, process disruption,
or personnel injury or illness.

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