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Stock shapes

Direct forming

TECASINT Compendium
Content

4 TECASINT in application
5 Product families
7 Direct forming process
Direktformung 10 Mechanical properties
14 Thermal/Electrical properties
15 Tribological properties
16 Resistance to environmental influences
17 Flammability, weather resistance
18 Chemical resistance
19 Purity
20 FAQs
21 Machining guidelines, bonding
23 Standard shapes dimensions

TECASINT high-temperature polyimides


are used in demanding applications which
are beyond the capability of other ma-
terials. Key benefits include extreme
temperature resistance, good mechanical
load capacity, weight saving, good sliding
and wear properties and good thermal and
electrical insulation. This test socket made
of TECASINT 4011 is used in the semi-
conductor industry and combines low
thermal expansion with high dimensional
stability and temperature resistance.

2
Parts and shapes made of TECASINT have excellent long-term thermal stability. The broad tem-
perature application spectrum of these materials ranges from –270 °C to +300 °C. Even when heated
briefly to 350 °C, TECASINT materials will not melt or soften. Strength, dimensional stability and
creep strength remain high under mechanical stress even during long-term usage.

The trend towards space and weight saving in TECASINT from Ensinger is a range of non-
modern engineering applications results in melting high-temperature polyimides which
increased thermal and wear resistance expecta- are characterized by the following properties:
tions in the materials used. The characteristic ˌˌHigh strength over a wide temperature
profile of polyimides addresses these stringent range from –270 °C to +300 °C
demands with outstanding success: ˌˌLong-term thermal stability up to 300 °C
ˌˌHDT / A up to 470 °C
ˌˌExcellent electrical insulation properties
ˌˌHigh compressive and creep strength
ˌˌHigh radiation resistance
ˌˌHigh purity, low outgassing in vacuum
in accordance with ESA regulation
ECSS-Q-70-02
ˌˌMinimal thermal expansion
ˌˌMinimal thermal conductivity
ˌˌExcellent friction and wear properties –
even without lubrication
ˌˌGood chemical resistance to acids,
fats and solvents
ˌˌGood cryogenic properties
ˌˌInherently flame resistant (UL 94 V0)

Processing methods
Precision components made of TECASINT are
produced in small production runs using ma-
chining processes in accordance with customer
drawings. For larger volumes, components can
be cost-effectively pressed and sintered using
the direct forming process.

TECASINT is available as:


ˌˌStock shapes
(rods, plates, short tubes, discs)
ˌˌMachined parts
ˌˌSerial parts using the
direct forming process

3
TECASINT – high-temperature polyimides
for special applications

Glass industry Aerospace industry


The use of polyimides can enhance productivity Low outgassing rates, high purity and good
in the manufacture of glass bottles for the bev- mechanical properties are key requirements
erage, pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry. in the manufacture of satellites. Excellent tri-
Their excellent temperature resistance and low bological properties, a long service life and low
thermal conductivity lend these high-perfor- wear are essential criteria for the production
mance plastics key benefits, particularly for hot of bearing bushes used in modern aircraft
glass handling, compared to components made engines. TECASINT is the ideal material to
of graphite. They also help extend the service address all these needs.
life of components and reduce the reject rates.
In addition, these materials are economical to
process, making them an ever more popular
alternative for the production of take-out tongs
and bottle grippers.

Automotive industry
Due to the TECASINT property profile, these
materials are frequently superior to other
plastics and metals. They can be used to imple-
ment applications involving the most extreme
conditions, and are used for applications in
the automotive industry requiring mechanical
Electrical / electronics stability under high continuous temperatures
and semiconductor industry or high pV values in lubricated and unlubri-
Alongside its excellent electrical insulation, cated environments. Use of the direct forming
TECASINT also offers a very low ion content, method allows the economical manufacture
making it ideal for use in the semiconductor of serial parts complying with the narrowest of
industry and in cleanroom environments, for tolerances.
example in test sockets or in chip and wafer
manufacture. Mechanical engineering, vacuum technology
and cryotechnology
The fields of application are widely varied: in
mechanical engineering applications, the ex-
cellent sliding properties of graphite or graph-
ite/PTFE-modified TECASINT types are the
preferred choice. In vacuum technology and
cryogenic applications, unreinforced or MoS2
modified types are used for sliding applications.

4
CH 3 O H H
O O O
C O C O C O C
n l
O C O C C
CH 3 n
H H

PEKEKK POM-C

Product families stock shapes

H H
TECASINT 1000 TECASINTO 5000
S O C O

H
n
ˌˌVery high modulus ˌˌCost-effective
O
materials
n

H
n

ˌˌHigh rigidity and hardness ˌˌExtremely good dimensional stability


ˌˌPrevious designation: SINTIMID PES
and load capacity up to 300 °C POM-H

TECASINT 2000 TECASINT 8000


ˌˌVery high modulus ˌˌMatrix of PTFE reinforced with PI powder
ˌˌHigh rigidity ˌˌReduced creep under load
ˌˌHigh hardness ˌˌExcellent sliding and friction properties
Compared to TECASINT 1000, significantly ˌˌIdeally suited for soft sliding partners
H H
Oreduced moisture absorption. Higher tough- (stainless
O Osteel, Haluminium,
H brass, bronze)
C C O C C O C C
O Cness and improved machining capability.
n
ˌˌBest chemical resistance and easy
n
H CH 3
n

H H
Ideally suited for direct forming components. machining properties
PET PP
TECASINT 4000
Compared to the other TECASINT materials,
TECASINT 4000 is characterized by the fol-
lowing properties:
O ˌˌMinimalCH 3
water absorption O O O O O

C
O
ˌˌHighestC
heat ageing resistance
O
CH 2 C C C C C CH 3

ˌˌLow friction
CH 3
and wear N
n
-R N N
n
-R N N
m
O
n
CH 2 C C C
C
ˌˌOptimum chemical resistance C

O O O O O CH 3
ˌˌHDT / A up to 470 °C
ˌˌDifferent types available with high Structural
PI formula PI PPO > PPE?
elongation at break and toughness
or with high flexural modulus

Clip
TECASINT 2011 (PI):
H H High purity.
Very good machinability.
C C
n

O CH 2 H

C CH S
n H 3C CH 3 n

PMP PPS

Sensor housing
TECASINT 5011:
Thermal resistance up to 300 °C.
Very good electrical insulation.

5
Modifications

Unfilled + 15 % graphite / + 10 % PTFE


ˌˌMaximum strength and elongation ˌˌExtremely low static friction and low
ˌˌHighest modulus coefficient of friction due to PTFE
ˌˌMinimal thermal and electrical conductivity modification
ˌˌHigh purity ˌˌGood properties also in dry running
ˌˌLow outgassing in vacuum in accordance conditions due to self lubrication
with ESA regulation ECSS-Q-70-20 ˌˌFor applications involving low friction
and wear characteristics at medium
+ 15 % graphite temperatures and loads (< 200 °C)
ˌˌEnhanced wear resistance
and thermal ageing + 15 % MoS2
ˌˌSelf lubricating, for lubricated ˌˌBest friction and wear properties in
and unlubricated applications vacuum
ˌˌFrequently used in space applications, in
+ 40 % graphite vacuum or in inert gases (techn. dry)
ˌˌReduced thermal expansion ˌˌLow outgassing in vacuum in accordance
ˌˌMaximum creep strength with ESA regulation ECSS-Q-70-20
and resistance to thermal ageing
ˌˌImproved self-lubrication + 30 % glass fibres
ˌˌReduced strength ˌˌReduced thermal expansion
ˌˌHigh thermal-mechanical load properties
ˌˌExcellent electrical insulation

SD
ˌˌStatic dissipative / antistatic, permanently
migration free
ˌˌSurface resistance 10 6-8 Ω oder 10 10-12 Ω
ˌˌFor explosion-proof equipment and in
semi-conductor technology (test sockets)
Overview of modifications

Description Nomenclature Availability TECASINT


Stock shape 1000 2000 4000 4100 5000 Modifications 8000
Pure x011 1011 2011 4011 4111 5111 80 P / 20 PI 8001
15 % graphite x021 1021 2021 4021 4121 – 85 P / 15 PI 8061
40 % graphite x031 1031 2031 – – –
15 % graphite /  x061 1061 2061 – – –
10 % PTFE
15 % MoS2 x391 – 2391 – – –
30 % GF x051 – – – – 5051
SD static x501 – – – – 5501
dissipative x511 – – – – 5511

Customized products available on request.

Overview of nomenclature TECASINT


TECASINT xxxx

1st digit • PI basic material / product family


2nd + 3rd digit • Formulation code / modification
• Production process
4th digit
(1 = stock shape, 2 = direct forming)

6
Direct forming process

Low-cost manufacturing method Conditions for direct forming


for high volume precision parts

Fast-running vertical automatic presses (me-


Min. part thickness ~ 1 mm
chanical or hydraulic) compress the powder
in the die. The part geometry must permit the Max. part thickness 30 mm
part to be ejected from the press die. Blanks are
Max. outside diameter 145 mm
then sintered for a number of hours at high
temperature. This causes a degree of shrinkage, Min. inside diameter ~ 2 mm
which is accounted for in the original design of
Surface quality ~ 1 μm (Ra)
the die.
Flattening at the chamfers 0.15 – 0.3 mm
The following types are available
 Reference value
for direct forming:

TECASINT 2000 DF Applications:


ˌˌTECASINT 2012 (unfilled) Valve seats, sliding rails, chain guides, piston
ˌˌTECASINT 2022 (wear resistant grade) rings, guides, wear rings, axial sealing rings,
ˌˌTECASINT 2032 (highly filled grade, shaft end seals, bearing discs, bearing bushes,
low friction) collar bushes, sliding bearings, hot glass grippers
ˌˌTECASINT 2062 (15  % graphite, 10  % PTFE)

TECASINT 6000 DF
ˌˌTECASINT 6012 (unfilled)
ˌˌTECASINT 6022 (wear resistant grade)
ˌˌTECASINT 6032 (highly filled grade,
low friction)
ˌˌTECASINT 6062 (15  % graphite, 10 % PTFE)

Filling Pressing Demoulding

Feeder shoe Top die

Cavity Bottom die

For more informationen


regarding direct forming
please have a look on our Powder is filled into the cavity, Pressing between the Pressed part out
website: tecasint.com parallel ejection of pressed part. top and bottom die. eject the cavity.

7
Tolerance guideline
for direct formed parts

Diameter Height

0 – 14 mm ± 0.030 mm 0 – 5 mm ± 0.10 mm

15 – 30 mm ± 0.050 mm 5 – 15 mm ± 0.20 mm

31 – 60 mm ± 0.075 mm 15 – 40 mm ± 0.25 mm

Reference value

W = Wall thickness
ID = Inside diameter
ID OD = Outside diameter
H = Component height

OD

Diameter Concentricity Roundness Parallelity Flatness

0 – 25.4 mm 0.04 0.050 0.040 0.050

25.4 – 50.8 mm 0.05 0.125 0.075 0.125

> 50.8 mm 0.05 0.125 0.075 0.125

All values in [mm] Reference value

Shape and position tolerances can be manu- ˌˌBevelled edges up to an angle of 30


factured off-tool. Depending on the part geo- degrees starting from the horizontal level
metry and component size, deviations to the are possible, but need to be integrated
listed tolerances are possible. Consequently, into the female die
tolerances have to be considered individually ˌˌLarger phase angles require flattening
for each component. Undercuts and transverse by 0.15 mm to 0.3 mm around the die
holes, which cannot be manufactured off-tool, periphery
and also narrow tolerances can be realized by a ˌˌFlattening (appr. 0.15 mm – 0.3 mm)
subsequent machining operation. is required at the base of all 45 – 60 degree
phases
General design guidelines ˌˌWhen pressing on one level, grooves can
ˌˌNo undercuts possible still be demoulded up to a depth of max.
ˌˌCollar bushes require a radius between 30 % of the part height, but should have
the flange and hub a demoulding incline of 1 degree on both
ˌˌA minimum wall thickness of 1 mm is sides
recommended ˌˌHoles should be at least 2 mm in diameter
ˌˌThe wall thickness is a function of the
part height. This depends on the material
and should not exceed the value of 1:10

8
Seal rings

Seal rings made of TECASINT are suitable for continuous application temperature
ranges of –270 °C to +300 °C. Compared to seal rings made of metal, they offer
greater yield, and their higher degree of elasticity makes them more resistant to
permanent deformation.

Butt joint Scarf joint Stepped joint


ˌˌDirect formable ˌˌDirect formable with ˌˌDirect formable with
ˌˌGap closes when heated and subsequent finish machining subsequent finish machining
response to pressure without ˌˌJoint customarily with 20 degree ˌˌStepped joint seal created by
permanent deformation ˌˌGap clearance effect far lower media pressure at any application
ˌˌLow-cost solution rings with than with butt joint temperature
very low constant leakage rates ˌˌSeal effect less dependent ˌˌBehaves on principle in the same
ˌˌMinimum oil pressure required on minimum oil pressure way as a butt joint connection
for even contact pressure on the with slightly reduced clearance
groove flanks ˌˌRings with very low constant
ˌˌMaximum wall thickness for leakage rates
straight butt joint sealing rings: ˌˌSeal less dependent on
0.5 x (min. shaft diameter – groove minimum oil pressure
base diameter) – 0.05 mm

9
Mechanical properties

The determination of mechanical properties by tensile testing provides information about


stress-strain behaviour and the resulting modulus. As components made of TECASINT are only
seldom used at room temperature, material behaviour at elevated service temperatures is required
for successful component design. Even at high temperatures where conventional thermoplastic
materials would fail or disintegrate, TECASINT polyimides are characterized by very high strength
and modulus levels.

Tensile Test TECASINT types at 23 °C / 73 °F Tensile Test TECASINT types at 260 °C / 500 °F
EN ISO 527 EN ISO 527
140 70

120 60

100 50

80 40

60 30

40 20
> Stress [MPa]

> Stress [MPa]

20 10

0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16
> Strain [%] > Strain [%]
TECASINT 1011 TECASINT 1011
TECASINT 2011 TECASINT 2011
  TECASINT 1011 4011
TECASINT   TECASINT 2011   TECASINT 1011 4011
TECASINT   TECASINT 2011
  TECASINT 4011 4111
TECASINT   TECASINT 4111   TECASINT 4011 4111
TECASINT   TECASINT 4111

Tensile Modulus [MPa]


EN ISO 527
0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000

Tecasint 1011
Tecasint 2011
Tecasint 4011
Tecasint 4111

E-Modulus 23 °C / 73 °F [MPa]
E-Modulus 260 °C / 500 °F [MPa]

10
Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA)
DMA measurement is defined as the mechani- dependent basis. The storage modulus E' con-
cal response behaviour (storage modulus E' stitutes the proportion of rigidity which allows
and loss factor tan ∂) of a material exposed to the energy of a mechanical load to be stored by
minimal oscillating load. Measured values are the material as a result of elastic deformation
recorded on a time, temperature and frequency- and then given off again.

Storage modulus E’ as function of temperature 


DMA, 3-point bending test, 1 Hz, 2 K/min
8,000

6,000

4,000
> Storage Modulus E' [MPa]

2,000

0
-200 -100 0 100 200 300 400 500
-328 -148 32 212 392 572 752 932
> Temperature [°C] / [°F]

  Tecapeek   TECASINT 1011   TECASINT 2011


  TECASINTTECASINT
4011 1011  TECASINT 4111
TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4011
TECASINT 4111
TECAPEEK

11
Creep strength
Creep strength is the term given to the defor- and demonstrates very low creep tendency
mation increase depending on time and tem- under load. The diagrams below demonstrate
perature under a constant load. TECASINT is the creep modulus and creep strain depend-
a non-melting material which does not soften ing on time and temperature under a load of
even under the influence of high temperatures 17 MPa.

Creep Strain TECASINT at 23 °C / 73 °F


17 MPa, ISO 899-1
1
> log creep strain [%]

0.1
0.1 10 1,000
> log time [h]
TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4011
  TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4111
  TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111

Creep Strain TECASINT at 150 °C / 302 °F


17 MPa, ISO 899-1
1
> log creep strain [%]

0.1
0.1 10 1,000
> log time [h]
TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4011
  TECASINT 2011 4111
TECASINT   TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111

12
Creep Strain TECASINT at 250 °C / 482 °F
17 MPa, ISO 899-1
10

1
> log creep strain [%]

0.1
0.1 10 1,000

> log time [h]


TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4011
  TECASINT 2011 4111
TECASINT   TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111

Creep modulus EC TECASINT at 150 °C / 302 °F


17 MPa, ISO 899-1
10,000
> log Creep Modulus EC [MPa]

1,000
0.1 10 1,000

> log time [h]


TECASINT 2011
TECASINT 4011
  TECASINT 2011 4111
TECASINT   TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111

13
Thermal properties
Due to their chemical structure and infusibility, polyimides are far superior to thermoplastics
for use in high temperature applications. By ascertaining their thermal oxidation stability, a guide-
line can be seen for service life and ageing resistance under thermal load.

Thermal Oxidation Stability at 300 °C / 572 °F Heat Distortion Temperature


4.8 bar for 300 hours HDT / A 1.80 MPa

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 0 100 200 300 400 500

Tecasint 2021 Tecaflon PVDF


PI competitors Tecapei
Tecasint 4021 tecason s
Tecasint 4121 Tecatron
> Weight loss [%] tecapeek
Tecator pai
Here, TECASINT 4000 materials Tecasint 2011
demonstrate their excellent properties
with minimal weight loss at 300 °C Tecasint 4011
and with additional pressure of 4.8 bar. Tecasint 4111
> Temperature [°C]
Ageing resistance in air at 340 °C / 644 °F
Long-term tests performed at 340°C in air tes- With its residual flexural strength of 70 % after
tify to the excellent properties of TECASINT 3,100 hours, TECASINT 4111 sets the bench-
4000. After 2,000 hours, TECASINT 4011 still mark for extreme high-temperature applica-
attains 50 % of its original flexural strength. tions.

Ageing curve, max. flexural strength at 340 °C / 644 °F oven storage

200

150
> Flexural strength (σ max) [MPa]

100

50

0
0 400 800 1,200 1,600 2,000 2,400 2,800 3,200

> Oven storage in hours [h]

TECASINT 1011
  TECASINT 1011 2011   TECASINT 2011
TECASINT   TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111
TECASINT 4011
TECASINT 4111
Electrical properties
Due to their excellent electrical insulating electrical properties. With rising moisture
properties, high strength and very good radia- content, the dielectric loss factor and the
tion and thermal resistance, components made dielectric constant both increase. The surface
of TECASINT are ideally suited for electrical and volume resistance are only minimally
applications under difficult conditions. Even influenced by increasing moisture content.
at high temperatures, they do not lose their

14
Tribological properties

TECASINT polyimides benefit from high abrasion resistance and are ideally suited for ap-
plications involving minimum lubrication or dry running. For tribological requirements, types
containing graphite or graphite/PTFE modifications are used, while in vacuum applications,
molybdenum disulphide (MoS2 ) is used.

The tribological characteristics depend heavily the coefficient of friction and wear always have
on the ambient conditions. Factors such as to be considered in the light of the test system
sliding speed, load and form of movement used. This makes it almost impossible to pro-
(linear, oscillating, rotating) exert a major in- vide precise values for each application, so that
fluence. Because of these complex correlations, testing under practical conditions is essential.

Shaft-Bushing-Test after 72 hours Ball-Prism-Test, Steel 100Cr6


pV = 10.000 (Rpm: 1278 / 30 psi) Unlubricated, F = 30 N, n = 60 1/min

0 0.10 0.20 0.30 0 0.04 0.08 0.12 0.16 0.20

TecaPEEK PVX Tecasint 1021


Tecasint 1021 Tecasint 1061
Tecasint 2021 Tecasint 1611
Tecasint 4121 Tecasint 2021
PI competitors Tecasint 2061
> Wear [mm] Tecasint 4121
PI competitors
> Wear [mm]

15
Behaviour under environmental influences

TECASINT components are often exposed to wide-ranging different environmental influences


which may result in property changes in the polymer. The combination of different environmental
influences results in unpredictable reciprocal effects. It is only by testing under practical conditions
that this type of influence can be simulated.

Water absorption ISO 62 at 23 °C / 73 °F [%]


EN ISO 62 (in water)

Tecasint 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0

1011
1021
1031
2011
2021
2061
2391
4011
4021
4111
4121

> Water absorption 24 h (23 °C / 73 °F) [%]

Drying
Like many other plastics, TECASINT also When producing components with very low
demonstrates hygroscopic behaviour. This tolerances, however, it can make sense to dry
means that the plastic is able to absorb water, TECASINT prior to machining, in order to re-
generally in the form of air humidity. This move any residual moisture and ensure that
absorption of moisture is reversible, i.e. the the parts are conditioned to a uniform starting
absorbed water can be fully removed again status. The dried finished parts then have to be
by drying. packaged in an airtight sealable PE bag.

When manufacturing high-precision compo- Drying process


nents, we therefore recommend drying the ˌˌStore the component for
parts prior to machining in order to eliminate at least 48 hours at 150 °C
the disturbing influence of water. Even compo- ˌˌThen heat to 240 °C within 8 hours
nents with an application temperature of over and leave to dry for at least 24 hours
200 °C should be dried in order to prevent the at this temperature
formation of bubbles in the material as a result ˌˌSwitch off the oven and leave
of vapour pressure. to cool slowly

Annealing Hydrolysis
Due to the sintering process, semi-finished and Polyimides are sensitive to hydrolysis at
machined parts made of TECASINT are almost temperatures >  100 °C and are consequently
stress free and have low warping tendencies, not suitable for use in hot water, steam or for
meaning that they do not require annealing. repeated steam sterilization processes.

16
Flammability and weather resistance

Flammability Weather resistance


Oxygen index LOI in accordance Polyimides are highly radiation resistant. To
with EN ISO 4589-2 assess weather resistance, Xenotest weather-
The “Limiting Oxygen Index” (LOI) indicates ing in compliance with EN 4892 was selected.
the minimum oxygen concentration which This simulates not only radiation with artificial
must prevail in an oxygen/nitrogen mix when sunlight but also regular rain cycles to test the
a material burns. TECASINT will only burn influence of rain, humidity and temperature
with an oxygen content of around 50 % and is in natural weathering. The TECASINT 4000
consequently not burning in normal air with an types emerged particularly well from these tests,
oxygen content of only 21 %. demonstrating over 70 % of their flexural
strength even after 5000 hours.

Oxygen index LOI


EN ISO 4589-2 Flexural strength after weathering
LOI Xenotest, DIN EN ISO 4892-2
Tecasint 2011 51
200
Tecasint 4011 49

Tecasint 4111 52 160

120
> Flexural strength (σ max) [MPa]

80

40

0
0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500

> Weathering time in hours [h]


TECASINT 1011
TECASINT 2011
  TECASINT 2011   TECASINT 4011   TECASINT 4111
TECASINT 3011
TECASINT 4011
TECASINT 4111

17
Chemical resistance

TECASINT products offer a high level of chemical resistance are temperature, concen-
resistance to many chemical substances, in- tration of agents, exposure time and me-
cluding organic and inorganic solvents, fuels, chanical load. In the table below, resistance
oils and synthetic lubricants. TECASINT to different substances is listed. This overview
products are susceptible in combination with is provided as an aid to orientation. For specific
water and water vapour above 100  °C. Due to applications, customers are advised to perform
their hydrolysis susceptibility, marked cracks their own verification tests.
can occur here. Important criteria for testing

Chemical resistance of Tecasint (PI)

Acetone + Iodine solution, alcohol solution + Hydrochloric acid, aqueous solution 36 % -


Formic acid, aqueous solution 10 % + Potassium Iye, aqueous 50% - Hydrochloric acid, aqueous solution 2 % +
Ammonia solution 10 % - Potassium Iye, aqueous 10% (+) Sulphur dioxide +
Benzine + Potassium dichromate, aqueous solution 10 % - Sulphuric acid, concentrated 98 % -
Benzene + Potassium permaganate, aqueous solution 1 % + Sulphuric acid, aqueous solution 2 % +
Bitumen + Cupric sulphate, 10 % + Soap solution, aqueous solution (+)
Butyl acetate + Linseed oil + Silicone oils +
Calcium chloride, solution 10 % + Methanol + Soda solution, aqueous solution 10 % (+)
Chlorbenzene + Methyl ethyl ketone + Edible fats, Edible oils +
Chloroform + Methylene chloride + Styrene +
Cyclohexane + Milk + Tar +
Cyclohexanone + Lactic acid, aqueous solution 90 % + Carbon tetrachloride +
Dekalin + Lactic acid, aqueous solution 10 % + Tetrahydrofurane +
Diesel oil + Sodium bisulphite, aqueous solution 10 % + Tetralin +
Dimethyl formamide (+) Sodium carbonate, aqueous solution 10 % (+) Ink +
Dioxane + Sodium chloride, aqueous solution 10 % + Toluene +
Acetic acid, concentrated (+) Sodium nitrate, aqueous solution 10 % + Transformer oil +
Acetic acid, aqueous solution 10 % + Sodium thiosulphate 10 % + Triethanolamine -
Acetic acid, aqueous solution 5 % + Soda Iye, aqueous 50 % - Trichlorethylene +
Ethanol 96 % + Soda Iye, aqueous 5 % (+) Trilon B, aqueous solution 10 % +
Ethyl acetate + Nitrobenzene + Vaseline +
Ethyl ether + Oxalic acid, aqueous solution 10 % + Wax, molten +
Ethylene chloride + Ozone (+) Water, cold +
Freon, Frigen, liquid + Paraffin oil + Water, warm -
Fruit juices + Perchlorethylene + Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution 30 % -
Glykol + Petroleum + Hydrogen peroxide, aqueous solution 0.5 % +
Glysantine, aqueous solution 40 % + Phenol, aqueous solution + Wine, Brandy +
Glycerine + Phosphoric acid, concentrated (+) Tartaric acid +
Urea, aqueous solution + Phosphoric acid, aqueous solution 10 % (+) Xylene +
Heating oil + Propanol + Zink chloride, aqueous solution 10 % +
Heptane, Hexane + Pyridine - Citric acid, aqueous solution 10 % +
Iso-octane + Salicylc acid +
Isopropanol + Nitric acid, aqueous solution 2 % +

+ resistant  (+) limited resistance  –  not resistant 


(also dependent on concentration, time and temperature)

18
Purity

In ultra-clean production environments such


as in the semi-conductor and solar industry,
foreign ions can result in contamination and
higher reject rates.

Ionic purity Ionic purity


The TECASINT materials can be classed in the
TECASINT TECASINT TECASINT
“high purity” category. [mg/kg] • 2011 4011 4111

Aluminum (Al) 1 < 1 < 1


Outgassing
Calcium (Ca) 1 < 1 < 1
Tests in compliance with the ESA regulation in-
dicate no condensable impurities in TECASINT. Copper (Cu) < 0.1 < 0.1 < 0.1

These products can consequently be used in Iron (Fe) 0.43 0.24 0.21

high vacuum / space applications. Magnesium (Mg) < 2 < 2 < 2

Sodium (Na) < 3 < 3 < 3

Zinc (Zn) < 0.3 < 0.3 < 0.3


Low outgassing
according to ESA regulations ECSS-Q-70-02

Pur 1011 2011 4011 4111 4111

15 % MoS 2 2391

Test socket
TECASINT 5011:
Thermal resistance up to 300 °C.
High strength.
Good electrical insulation.

Contact plate
TECASINT 5051:
Low thermal expansion.
Thermal resistance up to 300 °C.
Wear resistant.

19
FAQs

What benefits does TECASINT offer when How do slide bearings made of TECASINT
producing bushings and slide bearings? compare to other plastic bearings?
TECASINT offers an unusual characteristic Applications possible at pressure levels, sur-
profile permitting applications for compo- face speeds and temperature ranges where
nents exposed to extreme levels of stress which technical thermoplastics are unable to func-
cannot be achieved using other materials such tion. Higher impact, compression and creep
as ceramics, metal or conventional plastics. strength. Very high abrasion resistance. Very
Bushings and slide rings made of TECASINT good cutting properties and lower tolerances
remain tough, abrasion and creep resistant are possible.
over a continuous application temperature of
– 270 °C to 300 °C, and often exceed the perfor- Sintered parts compared to extruded
mance of other bearing materials. semi-finished products:

How do TECASINT sliding bearings behave in Pressing


comparison to needle and roller bearings? ˌˌSemi-finished part geometries
Due to their good tribological characteristics, close to finished measurement
no external lubrication is required. Applica- ˌˌExtreme economy due to material savings
tions are possible in temperature ranges at ˌˌLow tendency to warp due to almost
which lubricants are ineffective. Good func- isotropic characteristics
tionality in dirty environments. Noise, weight ˌˌConsequently also easier to machine
and cost reduction. ˌˌDiscontinuous production process
ˌˌHigh semi-finished product costs
How do the wear properties compare with
bronze, brass and sintered metal? Extrusion
Extended life of other components due to ˌˌContinuous production process
marked reduction in wear compared to metal- ˌˌLower semi-finished product costs
to-metal mating. Reliable functionality in ˌˌHigh tension levels due to
applications where unlubricated metals fail orientations during production
as a result of combined pressure, heat and ˌˌMore difficult to machine
surface speed. Impact and creep resistant.
No problems due to lubricant loss where tex-
tile or paper dust are produced.

Do you have any other questions?

Please do not hesitate to contact our technical service:


Markus Edelbauer: m.edelbauer@de.ensinger-online.com
or Ben Sin (Asia): s.ben@ensinger.com.sg

20
Machining guidelines

General
TECASINT products can be machined wet feed rates for the individual machining pro-
or dry on all machine tools suitable for metal cesses. Deformation as a result of excessively
machining. The use of cutting tools made of high clamping pressure, in particular when
carbide with a cutting angle for aluminium machining thin-walled parts, must be avoided.
machining has proven the most successful for Pre­ferably, clamping sleeves, clamping man-
machining these materials. To avoid machin- drels or vacuum clamping fixtures should be
ing errors, it is important to recognize and used. The use of four-jaw chucks is recom-
replace worn out cutting tools in good time, mended. A higher number of jaws results in
and to follow the recommended cutting and improved distribution of the clamping force.

Turning Dimensional stability


For all machining steps, the use of carbide For machined parts with extremely close
tools, of the type customary for machining tolerances, the material should preferably be
aluminium, offers the best solution. The tip machined dry due to its hygroscopic behaviour.
of the cutting tool should have a radius of However, in this case, attention should be paid
between 0.2 and 0.4 mm. As a result of wet to ensuring good heat dissipation during the
machining, the cutting pressure at the work- machining operation. PI and PAI parts with
piece increases, which can give rise to increased large diameters tend to spring back slightly
burr formation. The service life of the cutting immediately after piercing due to the high
tools is substantially extended by wet machin- cutting pressure. Consequently it is advisable
ing. If all the essential machining instructions to always produce these in the lower tolerance
are taken into account during turning, high band. Semi-finished products for the manu-
quality products with a good surface finish facture of extremely precise parts must be
can be achieved during the machining of annealed prior to machining. An additional
PAI / PI products (Ra ≥ 1.6). intermediate annealing process is generally not
Cutting speed for face, longitudinal, cylindrical required during machining. In order to prevent
turning / grooving and parting off dimensional changes to the finished parts due
V = 100 – 130 m / min. to their hygroscopic behaviour, it is advisable
f = 0.05 – 0.25 mm / rev. to seal high-quality components in vacuum
barrier film if they are expected to remain in
storage for an extended period.

21
Milling Drilling
Milling is performed exclusively using the Carbide drill bits are recommended for ma-
downcut milling. For all machining steps, the chining PAI and PI materials. The exception
use of carbide tools with the same cutting ge- to this is boreholes less than 1.5 mm dia. These
ometry as that customarily used for alumini- should be produced exclusively using HSS
um is the best solu­tion. Individual grinding drill bits which should be ground to a pointed
of tools can result in improved results with angle of 120 degree. To counteract the effects
certain work steps. Dry and wet machining of heat generation, adequate chip removal and
is possible. As a result of wet machining, the wet machining are recommended for all
cutting pressure at the workpiece increases, drilling processes.
which can give rise to increased burr forma- HM drill:
tion. The service life of the cutting tools is V = 100 m / min.
substantially extended by wet machining. f = 0.02 – 0.1 mm / rev.
Excessive single-sided application of heat into HSS drill:
the material should be avoided. Alternating V = 15 – 40 m / min
two-sided machining is recommended as the f = 0.02 – 0.1 mm / rev.
preferable method.
A comprehensive
Face milling: overview is provided at
V = 90  – 100 m / min. tecasint.com
f = 0.04  –  0.08 mm / tooth

Key facts at a glance

For detailed instructions on machining, we are pleased to provide our


technical information sheet “Machining guidelines for TECASINT”.

Bonding TECASINT
TECASINT components can also be bonded to roughened in advance either mechanically or by
each other or to other plastics, metals and elas- blasting. Oils, greases and dirt must be removed
tomers. In order to ensure a good glue joint, using solvents. Suitable glues include adhesion
the components must be matched precisely glues based on epoxy resin, polyurethane, rub-
to each other. The contact surfaces should be ber or cyanacrylate.

22
Standard shapes dimensions

TECASINT semi-finished products are available Cutting service


as plates, rods and short tubes: ˌˌThis is a cost-effective alternative as there
ˌˌRods from Ø 6 mm to max. Ø 100 mm, is no need to buy complete plates or rods
max. length 1,000 mm (low capital tie-up)
ˌˌPlates from 5 mm ˌˌA convenient option permitting
to max. 100 mm thickness need-driven order placement
ˌˌMaximum plate formats ˌˌFast availability. Generally
up to 300 x 1,000 mm within 2 – 3 days
(max. dimensions depend on type)

Extensive stocked range


ˌˌFast and flexible: All product types
and dimensions shown on the stock list
are available immediately
ˌˌLarge plate formats for high cutting
efficiency

Preferred dimensions can be found online at:


www.goo.gl/upydXH

Machined parts
TECASINT 1000 – 4000 (PI):
Very high thermal stability.
High strength also at high temperatures.

23
Austria
Ensinger Sintimid GmbH
Ensingerplatz 1
4863 Seewalchen
Tel. +43 7662 88788 0
Fax +43 7662 88788 171
ensingerplastics.com

Germany (Zentrale)
Rudolf-Diesel-Straße 8
71154 Nufringen
Tel. +49 7032 819 0
Fax +49 7032 819 100
ensingerplastics.com

Contact Person

Markus Edelbauer Markus Porn Axel Reinheimer Ben Sin (Asia)


Tel. +49 151 1082 2420 Tel. +49 151 1082 2417 Tel. +49 151 519 00458 Tel: +65 8218 2332
E-Mail: m.edelbauer@ E-Mail: m.porn@ E-Mail: Rreinheimer@ E-Mail: s.ben@ensinger.
de.ensinger-online.com de.ensinger-online.com ensinger-sintimid.at com.sg

TECASINT is the Ensinger portfolio of non-melting


high-temperature polyimides. Sintered TECASINT parts and
09/17 GB

shapes are used in numerous demanding industries.

tecasint.com