Anda di halaman 1dari 6

SPECIFICATION FOR UNS N08904, UNS N08925, AND

UNS N08926 SEAMLESS PIPE AND TUBE


SB-677

01 (Identical with ASTM Specification B 677-99 except that certification has been made mandatory.)

1. Scope 4. Ordering Information


1.1 This specification covers UNS N08904, UNS 4.1 Orders for materials under this specification shall
N08925, and UNS N08926 seamless, cold-worked or include the following information:
hot-finished pipe and tube intended for general corrosive
4.1.1 Alloy name or UNS number.
service.
4.1.2 ASTM designation and year of issue.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be
regarded as the standard. 4.1.3 Finish.
4.1.4 Dimensions:
4.1.4.1 Tube — Outside diameter and the average
2. Referenced Documents or minimum wall thickness.
2.1 ASTM Standards: 4.1.4.2 Pipe — Standard pipe size and schedule
A 450 /A 450M Specification for General Requirements (Appendix X1).
for Carbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel
Tubes 4.1.4.3 Length, (cut to length or random).
E 8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Mate-
rials 4.1.5 Quantity (feet or number of pieces).
E 29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data 4.1.6 Nondestructive Testing (see 7.2):
to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E 354 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High- 4.1.6.1 Pressure Requirements — Test pressure
Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar if other than required by 7.2.1.
Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
4.1.6.2 Specify if an electric test is to be per-
formed (see 7.2.2).

4.1.7 Ends — Plain ends cut and deburred will


3. Terminology Definitions be furnished. If threaded ends or ends beveled for
3.1 average diameter — the average of the maximum welding are desired, give details.
and minimum outside diameters as determined at any 4.1.8 Certification — Certification is required (Sec-
one cross section of the tube or pipe. tion 16).
3.2 pipe — seamless tube conforming to the particular 4.1.9 Samples for Product (Check) Analysis —
dimensions commercially known as standard pipe sizes State whether samples for product (check) analysis
(Appendix X1). should be furnished (see 6.2).
3.3 tube — a hollow product of round or any other 4.1.10 Purchaser Inspection — If the purchaser
cross section having a continuous periphery. wishes to witness tests or inspection of material at the

882

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PART B — NONFERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SB-677

TABLE 1
CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS
Product (Check) Analysis Variations,
under min or over max of the
Specified Limit of Element, %

UNS N08904
Element UNS N08904 UNS N08925 UNS N08926 UNS N08925 UNS N08926

Carbon, max 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.005 0.005


Manganese, max 2.0 1.0 2.00 0.04 0.04
Phosphorus, max 0.045 0.045 0.03 0.005 0.005
Sulfur, max 0.035 0.030 0.01 0.005 0.003
Silicon, max 1.00 0.50 0.5 0.05 0.03
Nickel 23.0 to 28.0 24.0 to 26.0 24.00 to 26.00 0.20 0.25
Chromium 19.0 to 23.0 19.0 to 21.0 19.00 to 21.00 0.20 0.25
Molybdenum 4.0 to 5.0 6.0 to 7.0 6.0 to 7.0 0.10 0.15
Copper 1.0 to 2.0 0.8 to 1.5 0.5 to 1.5 0.10 0.04
Nitrogen ... 0.1 to 0.2 0.15 to 0.25 ... 0.01
IronA balance balance balance ... ...

place of manufacture, the purchase order must so state, 7.2 Nondestructive Tests:
indicating which tests or inspections are to be witnessed Each pipe and tube shall be subjected to either a
(Section 14). hydrostatic test or a nondestructive electric test in
accordance with specification A 450/A 450M, at the
manufacturer’s option. The purchaser may specify which
test is to be used.
5. Materials and Manufacture
7.2.1 Hydrostatic Test:
5.1 The material shall be supplied in the solution-
treated condition. 7.2.1.1 Each pipe or tube with an outside diame-
ter 1⁄8 in. (3.2 mm) and larger and with wall thickness
NOTE 1 — The recommended heat treatment shall consist of heating
to a temperature of 1950 to 2100°F (1065 to 1150°C) for UNS of 0.015 in. (0.38 mm) and over shall be tested by
N08904 or 2010 to 2100°F (1100 to 1150°C) for UNS N08925 and the manufacturer to an internal hydrostatic pressure of
UNS N08926, followed by quenching in water or rapid cooling by 1000 psi (6.9 MPa) provided that the fiber stress
other means.
calculated in accordance with the following equation
does not exceed the allowable fiber stress, S, indicated
below:
6. Chemical Composition
P p 2St /D (1)
6.1 The material shall conform to the requirements
as to chemical composition prescribed in Table 1.
where:
6.2 If a product (check) analysis is performed by P p hydrostatic test pressure, psi (or MPa),
the purchaser, the material shall conform to the product S p allowable fiber stress for material in the condi-
(check) analysis variations prescribed in Table 1. tion (temper) furnished, 20 000 psi (138 MPa),
t p minimum wall thickness, in. (or mm); equal to
the specified average wall minus the permissible
7. Mechanical Properties and Other “minus” wall tolerance, Table 3, or the specified
Requirements minimum wall thickness, and
D p outside diameter of the tube, in. (or mm).
7.1 Mechanical Properties — The material shall
conform to the mechanical properties prescribed in 7.2.1.2 The test pressure shall be held for a
Table 2. minimum of 5 s.

883

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
SB-677 2001 SECTION II

TABLE 2
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF PIPE AND TUBE
Elongation in 2 in. or
Tensile Strength, Yield Strength, 0.2% offset, 50 mm (or 4D), min,
Alloy Temper min, psi (MPa) min, psi (MPa) %

UNS N08904 solution annealed 71 (490) 31 (220) 35


UNS N08925 solution annealed 87 (600) 43 (300) 40
UNS N08926 solution annealed 94 (650) 43 (295) 35

TABLE 3
PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS FOR OUTSIDE DIAMETER AND WALL THICKNESS
NOTE — Ovality — The permissible variations in this table apply to individual measurements, including out-of-roundness (ovality) except for
the following:
(1) Pipe and tube having a nominal wall thickness of 3% or less of the nominal outside diameter. The mean outside diameter shall conform
to the permissible variations of Table 3 and individual measurements (including ovality) shall conform to the plus and minus values of the table,
with the values increased by 0.5% of the nominal outside diameter.
(2) The mean outside diameter for pipe and tube over 41⁄2 in. (114 mm) in outside diameter with a nominal wall thickness greater than 3%
of the nominal outside diameter shall conform to the permissible variations of this table, and individual measurements shall not exceed twice
the permissible variations of the table.

Permissible Variations

Thickness of Specified Thickness of Specified


Outside Diameter, in. (mm) Average Wall, % Minimum Wall, %

Nominal Outside Diameter, in. (mm) Plus Minus Plus Minus Plus Minus

Cold-Worked Pipe and Tube:


Up to 5⁄8 (16), excl 0.005 (0.13) 0.005 (0.13) 15.0 15.0 30 0
5
⁄8 (16) to 11⁄2 (38), incl 0.0075 (0.19) 0.0075 (0.19) 10.0 10.0 20 0
Over 11⁄2 (38) to 31⁄2 (89), incl 0.010 (0.25) 0.010 (0.25) 10.0 10.0 22 0
Over 31⁄2 (89) to 41⁄2 (114), incl 0.015 (0.38) 0.015 (0.38) 10.0 10.0 22 0
Over 41⁄2 (114) to 6 (152), incl 0.020 (0.51) 0.020 (0.51) 12.5 12.5 25 0
Over 6 (152) to 65⁄8 (168), incl 0.025 (0.64) 0.025 (0.64) 12.5 12.5 25 0
Hot-Finished TubeA, B:
11⁄2 (38.1) to 51⁄2 (139.7), excl 0.031 (0.79) 0.031 (0.79 12.5 12.5 28.5 0
51⁄2 (139.7) to 91⁄2 (234.95) incl 0.047 (1.19) 0.047 (1.19) 12.5 12.5 28.5 0
A
The wall thickness tolerances for hot-finished tubes includes eccentricity tolerance up to ±12.5%.
B
For hot-finished tube 5 in. (127.0 mm) and under in outside diameter, the tolerances on the outside diameter apply for individual measurements
and include ovality. For tubes over 5 in. in outside diameter, the mean outside diameter shall conform to the permissible variations of this
table and individual measurements shall not exceed twice the permissible variations of this table.

7.2.1.3 Visual examination is to be made when A 450 /A 450M may be used instead of or in addition
the material is under pressure. The full length of material to the hydrostatic test.
must be examined for leaks. If any pipe or tube shows
leaks during the hydrostatic test, it shall be rejected.
7.2.1.4 When so agreed upon between the manu-
facturer and the purchaser, pipe or tube may be tested 8. Dimensions and Permissible Variations
to one and one-half times the allowable fiber stress
given in 7.2.1. 8.1 Diameter and Wall Thickness — The permissible
variations in the outside diameter and wall thickness
7.2.2 When specified by the purchaser, a nonde- of pipe and tube shall not exceed those prescribed in
structive electric test in accordance with Specification Table 3.

884

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PART B — NONFERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SB-677

8.2 Length — When pipe or tube is ordered cut-to- 12.2 Whenever possible, all pipe and tube shall be
length, the length shall not be less than that specified, tested in full tubular size. When testing in full tubular
but a variation of +1⁄8 in. (3.2 mm) will be permitted, size is not possible, longitudinal strip specimens, or
except that for lengths over 30 ft (9.1 m), a variation the largest possible round specimen, shall be used. In
of + 1⁄4 in. (6.4 mm) will be permitted. the event of disagreement when full tubular testing is
not possible, a longitudinal strip specimen with reduced
8.3 Straightness — Material shall be reasonably gage length as in accordance with Test Methods E 8
straight and free of bends and kinks. shall be used.

9. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance 13. Test Methods


9.1 The material shall be uniform in quality and 13.1 Determine the chemical composition, mechani-
temper, smooth, commercially straight, and free of cal, and other properties of the material as enumerated
injurious imperfections. in this specification, in case of disagreement, in accord-
ance with the following methods:
Test ASTM Designation
10. Sampling Chemical analysis E 354
Tension E8
10.1 Lot — Definition: Rounding procedure E 29
10.1.1 A lot for chemical analysis shall consist
of one heat. 13.2 For purposes of determining compliance with
the specified limits for requirements of the properties
10.1.2 A lot for mechanical properties testing shall listed in the following table, an observed value or
consist of all material from the same heat, nominal a calculated value shall be rounded as indicated, in
size (excepting length), and condition (temper). accordance with the rounding method of Practice E 29:
10.2 Test Material Selection: Rounded Unit for Observed
Test or Calculated Value
10.2.1 Chemical Analysis — Representative sam- Chemical composition and toler- nearest unit in the last right-hand
ples shall be taken during pouring or subsequent pro- ances (when expressed in dec- place of figures of the specified
cessing from each lot. imals) limit. If two choices are possi-
ble, as when the digits dropped
10.2.1.1 Product (Check) Analysis shall be are exactly a 5 or a 5 followed
wholly the responsibility of the purchaser. only by zeros, choose the one
ending in an even digit with
10.2.2 Mechanical Properties — Samples of the zero defined as an even digit.
Tensile strength and yield strength nearest 1000 psi (6.9 MPa)
material to provide test specimens for mechanical prop-
Elongation nearest 1%
erties shall be taken from such locations in each lot
as to be representative of that lot.

14. Inspection
11. Number of Tests 14.1 Inspection of the material shall be made as
agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier
11.1 Chemical Analysis — One test per lot.
as part of the purchase contract.
11.2 Mechanical Properties — One test per lot.
11.3 Nondestructive Test — Each piece in each lot. 15. Rejection and Rehearing
15.1 Material that fails to conform to the requirements
of this specification may be rejected. Rejection should
12. Specimen Preparation
be reported to the producer or supplier promptly and
12.1 Tension test specimens shall be taken from in writing. In case of dissatisfaction with the results
material in the final condition (temper) and tested in of the test, the producer or supplier may make claim
the direction of fabrication. for a rehearing.

885

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
SB-677 2001 SECTION II

16. Certification 17.1.1 For material less than 1⁄2 in. (12.7 mm) in
outside diameter and material under 3 ft (914 mm) in
16.1 A producer’s or supplier’s certification shall
length, the information specified in 17.1 shall be either
be furnished to the purchaser that the material was
stenciled or marked on a tag securely attached to the
manufactured, sampled, tested, and inspected in accord- bundle or box in which the tube is shipped.
ance with this specification and has been found to meet
the requirements. A report of the test results shall be
furnished. 18. Packaging and Package Marking
18.1 Each bundle or shipping container shall be
marked with the name or brand of the manufacturer;
the trade name of the material or UNS number; the
letters ASTM; the specification number; heat number;
17. Product Marking finish; condition (temper); and nominal size; gross,
17.1 The name or brand of the manufacturer, the tare, and net weight; consignor and consignee address;
trade name of the material or UNS number, the letters contract or order number; or such other information
ASTM, the specification number, the heat number, as may be defined in the contract or order.
finish, and nominal size shall be legibly stenciled on
each piece 1⁄2 in. (12.7 mm) and over in outside
19. Keywords
diameter, provided the length is not under 3 ft (914
mm). The marking shall be by any method that will 19.1 seamless pipe; seamless tube; N08904; N08925;
not result in harmful contamination. N08926

886

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PART B — NONFERROUS MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS SB-677

APPENDIX

(Nonmandatory Information)

XI. SCHEDULES OF COLD-WORKED


SEAMLESS PIPE
X1.1 The schedules of cold-worked, seamless UNS
N08904 pipe as given in Table X1.1 are regularly
available. Other schedules may be furnished, and the
manufacturer should be consulted. Table X1.1 is pub-
lished for information only.

TABLE X1.1
PIPE SCHEDULESA
Nominal Wall Thickness

Nominal Pipe Size Outside Diameter Schedule No. 5 Schedule No. 10 Schedule No. 40 Schedule No. 80
1
⁄4 0.540 ... 0.065 0.088 ...
3
⁄8 0.675 ... 0.065 0.091 0.126
1
⁄2 0.840 0.065 0.083 0.109 0.147
3
⁄4 1.050 0.065 0.083 0.113 0.154
1 1.315 0.065 0.109 0.133 0.179
11⁄4 1.660 0.065 0.109 0.140 0.191
11⁄2 1.900 0.065 0.109 0.145 0.200
2 2.375 0.065 0.109 0.154 0.218
21⁄2 2.875 0.083 0.120 0.203 0.276
3 3.500 0.083 0.120 0.216 0.300
31⁄2 4.000 0.083 0.120 0.226 0.318
4 4.500 0.083 0.120 0.237 0.337
5 5.563 ... ... 0.258 ...
6 6.625 ... ... 0.280 ...

Millimetres

6.35 13.72 ... 1.65 2.24 ...


9.52 17.14 ... 1.65 2.31 3.20
12.70 21.34 1.65 2.11 2.77 3.73
19.05 26.67 1.65 2.11 2.87 3.91
25.4 33.40 1.65 2.77 3.38 4.55
31.8 42.16 1.65 2.77 3.56 4.85
38.1 48.26 1.65 2.77 3.68 5.08
50.8 60.32 1.65 2.77 3.91 5.54
63.5 73.02 2.11 3.05 5.16 7.04
76.2 88.90 2.11 3.05 5.49 7.62
88.9 101.60 2.11 3.05 5.74 8.08
101.6 114.30 2.11 3.05 6.02 8.56
127.0 141.30 ... ... 6.55 ...
152.4 168.28 ... ... 7.11 ...
A
The pipe schedules shown conform with standards adopted by the American National Standards Institute.

887

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services