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Math Reviewer

Knowledge
Identification: Write the information that is needed.
1. It is the union of two non – collinear rays, which pass a common intersection.
2. It is a segment that divides any angle of a triangle in two angles of equal measure.
3. A device used to measure or to draw angles.
4. A pair of angle that share a common side and is supplementary
5. Type of triangle that, all angles are equal to 70o.
6. It is the theorem that means ‘the sum of all the angles in a triangle is 180o.
7. A line that intersects two or more coplanar lines in two or more distinct points.

True or False: Write T if the statement is correct, otherwise F.

8. The circumcenter is the midpoint of an angle bisector in a triangle.
9. All linear pairs are supplementary angles.
10. In naming an angle, if O is the vertex of the angle, then O must be in the middle.
11. The opposite side is the longest side of a right triangle.
12. If there are six interior rays in an angle, then there are 27 angles in it.

Analogy: Give the other pair.

13. PCAC: Corresponding angles ; PAIC : ___________
14. Right Triangle : ______________ ; Obtuse Triangle : One angle is greater than 90o
15. Orthocenter : Altitude ; _____________ : Median
16. VAT : Vertical Angles Theorem ; TAT : _____________

Process
Multiple Choice. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
1. Which of the following is true about supplementary angles?
a. Pair of angles that both measure 180o c. Pair of angles that is always a linear pair
c. Pair of angles that add up to 180o d. The supplement of angle x is x + 180.
2. What is the formula in finding the number of angles, given number of interior rays?
𝑛(𝑛+1)(𝑛+2) 𝑛(𝑛−2) 𝑛(𝑛−1) (𝑛+1)(𝑛+2)
a. 2
b. 2 c. 2 d. 2
3. Translate to symbols: Sixty more than twice its supplement.
a. 𝑥 + 60 + 𝑥 = 180 b. 𝑥 + 60 + 𝑥 = 90 c. 𝑥 + 60 + 2𝑥 = 180 d. 𝑥 + 2𝑥 = 180
4. Two complementary numbers are in the ratio 4:2. What is the working equation?
a. 𝑥 + 4𝑥 + 2𝑥 = 90 b. 𝑥 + 2𝑥 = 90 c. 4𝑥 + 2𝑥 = 90 d. 𝑥 + 𝑦 = 90
5. What do you call the intersection of two non – collinear rays?
a. Vertex b. Adjacent c. Angle d. Orthocenter

For numbers 6 – 8, look at the figure.

6. What is the postulate that supports < 𝐴𝐵𝐷+ < 𝐷𝐵𝐶 = < 𝐴𝐵𝐶?
a. Supplement Postulate b. AAP c. RAT d. TAT
7. What is the value of x?
a. 15 b. 30 c. 45 d. 60
8. What is the measurement of < 𝐴𝐵𝐷?
a. 60o b. 30o c. 15o d. 75o

9. Two supplementary angles are given. The angle is 30 more than its supplement. What is the bigger angle?
a. 75o b. 105o c. 85o d. 95o

For items 10 – 12, look at the figure below.

10. If line x and y are cut by transversal a, which of the following are same – side interior angles?
a. Angle t and q b. Angle r and s c. Angle t and p d. Angle u and n
11. If angle r is 35o, what is the value of x if angle u is 5x+350?
a. 20 b. 150 c. 105 d. 45
12. What theorem supports angle u and q?
a. PSSIAS b. PCAC c. PAIC d. PAEC

For items 13 – 15, look at the figure below.

13. In triangle ABC, m<A= x, m<B= 2x + 2, and m<C= 3x + 4. What is the value of x?
a. 29 b. 58 c. 77 d. 60
14. If angle ABD = 45 and angle BAC = 20, and angle ACB = 5x+15, what is x?
a. 35 b. 15 c. 20 d. 105
̅̅̅̅ ̅̅̅ ̅̅̅̅
15. If 𝑏𝑑 = 𝑑𝑐, then what is 𝑎𝑑 called?
a. Centroid b. Altitude c. Median d. Bisector

16. What is the value of x? _______________________

17. What is the measure of Angle ABD? ________ Angle DBC? ________

18. What is the value of x? _______________

19. What is the measure of Angle ABC? _______ Angle DBE? _________
20. What is the measure of Angle ABD? _______ Angle CBE? _________

Understanding
Given are following statements, match the correct reasons.

Given: Point B is the interior of angle ABD.

Angle ABD is a right angle
Prove: Angle ABD and angle DBC are complementary

STATEMENTS REASONS
1. <ABD + <DBC = <ABC a. Definition of Right Angle
2. <ABC = 90 b. Definition of Complementary Angles
3. <ABD + <DBC = 90 c. Law of Substitution
4. <ABD + <DBC = 90 d. Angle Addition Postulate

5. Find Angle FCD if Angle FDC = 22o.

6 – 7. If <BCG is 36o, what is m<GBC?
8 – 9. If <EDB is 27o, what is m<EBD?

10. Find x.
11. What is the value of angle p?

Two complementary angles are in the ratio 13:11.

12. What is the working equation? _______________________________________________________________
13. Solution:

14. What is the measure of the smaller angle? ________ The bigger angle? __________

Proving: Give the reasons or statements needed.

Given: <1 and <2 form a linear pair, <2 and <3 are supplementary
Prove: <1 ≅ <3

Statements Reasons
15. __________________________________ Given
<1 and <2 are supplementary 16. _______________________
m<1 + m<2 = 180
Definition of supplementary angles
m<2 + m<3 = 180
17. __________________________________ Transitive Property of Equality
m<1 = m<3 18. __________________________
<1 ≅ <3 19. _________________________

Given: → is an interior ray of <ACD.

𝐶𝐵
<ACD is a right angle.
Prove: <ACB nd <BCD are complementary

Statements Reasons
Point C is the interior angle of <ACD
20. _________________________________
<ACD is a right angle