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# 7108 – 7102 ‫التجربة الثالثة لعام‬ ‫الشهادة المتوسطة‬ ‫ليسه دي زار‬

‫أسس التصحيح‬
Q Parts Elements of answer Notes
I is the midpoint of BC  (given)
So, ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐴𝐵 + ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐴𝐶 = 2𝐴𝐼⃗⃗⃗⃗ (Median and vectors)
1) But, G is the centroid of triangle ABC (given)
⃗⃗⃗⃗ = 3𝐺𝐼
So, 𝐴𝐼 ⃗⃗⃗⃗
Thus, 𝐴𝐵⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ + 𝐴𝐶⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗ = 2(3𝐺𝐼
⃗⃗⃗⃗ ) = 6𝐺𝐼
⃗⃗⃗⃗ (by substitution)
In ' s ABE & EDC we have: `
 AB  DC  (given)
A, E & D 
The points  are collinear in this order
B, E & C 
By Thales' property: (Any line drawn parallel to a side of a triangle cuts other sides proportionally)
𝐸𝐶 𝐸𝐷 𝐷𝐶
Ratios: = =
𝐸𝐵 𝐸𝐴 𝐴𝐵
2) 𝑦+3 2𝑦 − 2 3
𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑛 = =
3𝑥 − 3 𝑥+3 6
𝑦+3 3 2𝑦−2 3
Using ratios: 3𝑥−3 = 6 and 𝑥+3 = 6
  3 x  2 y  9 I 
We get: 
 x  4 y  7   (3) II 
By elimination we get: y  3
Replace value of y  3 in I  to get x  5 (accepted greater than 1)
I. I
So, (−6𝑥 ≤ 19) × (−1)
3𝑥 + 2 2𝑥 + 1 𝑥 + 4 19
( − ≤ ) × 15 Hence, 𝑥 ≥ − .
3) 5 3 3 6
Then, 3(3𝑥 + 2) − 5(2𝑥 + 1) ≤ 5(𝑥 + 4) Thus, the negative integer solutions
are:{−3, −2, −1 , 0}.
16  3 5  5 2  7  4  8 3
5
X
4)
xn i i 20
X  i 1
83
N Thus, X 
20
212 −210 210 (22 −1)
5) 𝑚×𝑛 = = = 24 = 16.
28 −26 26 (22 −1)

7  125  20 1 5
x Hence, x 
20 2
7  52  5  22  5 x  1  5 is a solution of x 2  ax  1  0
6)  1 + √5
2
1 + √5
14 ( ) −𝑎( )+1
2 2
77 5
 Hence,10 + 2√5 − 2𝑎(1 + √5) = 0
14 Thus, 𝑎 = √5.

## 3rd-Trial (17-18) Correction Standards Page 1 of 4

- Population is the set of 115 000 voters in the parliament elections in Beirut.
1) - Variable: Names of the lists competed in the 2018 parliament elections.
- Nature: qualitative since the variable is not a numeral
The central angle corresponding to List-A is  A  90o (using the pie-chart)
 % fA
So, A o  (central angles and percentage frequencies are proportional )
360 100
Then, % f A  25%
a. But, any list that scored more than 20% wins (given)
II. Thus, list-A wins.
2) f
% f A  A  100 (rule or frequencies and their percentages are propotional)
N
115000  25
Thus, the number of voter for list-A is f A   28750 voter.
100
n is the central angle associated with the percentage of list E
b. then, 𝑛 = 360 − (90 + 60 + 70 + 80). (sum of central angles)
thus, 𝑛 = 580
3. No, we can’t calculate the average value of given data since character is qualitative.

a.

## A & B belong to d  if their coordinates satisfy the equation of d  : x  2 y  2  0

1 b.  𝑥𝐴 − 2𝑦𝐴 − 2 = 2 − 0 − 2 = 0. Verified
 𝑥𝐵 − 2𝑦𝐵 − 2 = 6 − 4 − 2 = 0. Verified
𝐴𝐵 = √(𝑥𝐴 − 𝑥𝐵 )2 + (𝑦𝐴 − 𝑦𝐵 )2 𝐴𝐶 = √(𝑥𝐴 − 𝑥𝐶 )2 + (𝑦𝐴 − 𝑦𝐶 )2
= √16 + 4 = √16 + 4
c. 𝐴𝐵 = 2√5 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠. 𝐴𝐶 = 2√5 𝑢𝑛𝑖𝑡𝑠.
III. Hence, AB  AC  2 5
Thus, triangle ABC is isosceles at A .
𝑎(∆) = 2.
𝑎(𝐴𝐶) =
𝑦𝐴 − 𝑦𝐶
=−
1 But,   pass through A (given)
𝑥𝐴 − 𝑥𝐶 2
y  yA
2     AC  (given) Hence,   :  a  
So, 𝑎(∆) × 𝑎(𝐵𝐴)= − 1 x  xA
Thus,   y  2 x  4
' y  axis (given) To get E the intersection point of  ' &  
So,  ' : x  cst we solve the system:
But, So, B 6;2  belongs to  ' (given)
3 a 𝑦 = 2𝑥 − 4
{
𝑥=6
Hence,  ' : x  2 Then, 𝑦 = 8.
Thus, 𝐸(6; 8)

## 3rd-Trial (17-18) Correction Standards Page 2 of 4

CA   AE  at A (proved) B & E have same abscissas xE  xB  6
̂ = 90 So, BE  y  axis
0
So, 𝐶𝐴𝐸
But, C  is a circle of diameter CE  (given)
B & C have same ordinates y E  y B  6
Thus, A is on C  (inscribed angle facing
b So, BC  x  axis
diameter)
But coordinate axes are perpendicular.
̂ = 900
Hence, 𝐶𝐵𝐸
Thus, B is on C  (inscribed angle facing
diameter)
F is the center of C  with diameter CE  𝑥 +𝑥 𝑦 +𝑦
𝑥𝐹 = 𝐶 2 𝐸 = 2 and 𝑦𝐹 = 𝐶 2 𝐸 = 5
So, F is the midpoint of CE 
a
Thus, F (2; 5)
L & K on y  axis (given)
So, xL  xK  0
L & K are on C  (given)
So, FL  R
Then, FL  R
2 2

4 But, R  FA  x A
 xF    y A  y F 
2 2

b R  5cm
FL2   xF  xL    y F  y L 
2 2

25  4   y  5
2

So,  y  5  21  0
2

Hence, y  5  21 y  5   
21  0

Thus, K 0;5  21 & L 0;5    21 
a ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑨𝑪(−𝟒; 𝟐) (Graphically)
S is translate of B by ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑨𝑪 (given) ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑩𝑺 = ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑨𝑪
So, ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑩𝑺 = ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑨𝑪 Equal vectors admit equal coordinates.
So, ABSC is a parallelogram So, 𝑥⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐴𝐶 = 𝑥⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐵𝑆 and 𝑦⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐴𝐶 = 𝑦⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝐵𝑆
b 𝑥𝐶 − 𝑥𝐴 = 𝑥𝐵 − 𝑥𝑆 &𝑦𝐶 − 𝑦𝐴 = 𝑦𝐵 − 𝑦𝑆
But, AB  AC  2 5cm (proved)
Hence, 𝑥𝑆 = 2 and 𝑦𝑆 = 4
Thus, S 2;4 
Thus, ABSC is a rhombus
5
k  is the image of  AB  by ⃗⃗⃗⃗⃗
𝑨𝑪 (given) So, its image C is on k 
So, k   AB  y  yC
Then, k  :  a k 
c 1 x  xC
So, a AB   a k  
Thus, k  : y  x  3
2 1
But, A is on  AB  2
Let 𝛼 be acute angle between  AB  & x’Ox So, tan   0.5
a So, 𝒂(𝑨𝑩)= 𝒕𝒂𝒏𝜶   tan 1 0.5
Thus,   27
o
6
Let 𝛽 be acute angle between  AB  &y’Oy Hence, 𝛽 = 900 − 27
b Thus, 𝛽 ≅ 630
So, 𝛼 + 𝛽 = 900 .

## 3rd-Trial (17-18) Correction Standards Page 3 of 4

1
MB  & MC  are tangents to C  , issued from M at points B & C respectively (given)
O is center of C  (given)
Thus, OM  is the perpendicular bisector of BC  (Tangent theorem: line joining exterior
point from which two tangents are drawn and center is perpendicular bisector of segment
joining points of tangencies)
In triangles AIO & OMP we have: - Hence, 𝑨𝑰𝑶 ̂ = 𝑴𝑷𝑶 ̂ = 𝟗𝟎𝟎
OM   bisector of BC  (proved) - 𝑴𝑶𝑷 ̂ = 𝑰𝑶𝑨̂ « common
̂ = 𝟗𝟎
So, 𝑨𝑰𝑶 𝟎 angle »
a P is the orthogonal projection of M on Thus, AIO & OMP are similar by angle-
OA (given) angle postulate.
̂ = 𝟗𝟎𝟎
So, 𝑴𝑷𝑶
AIO & OMP are similar (proved) Using ratios: 2 & 3 we get:
1 2 3 Thus, 𝑴𝑶 × 𝑰𝑶 = 𝑨𝑶 × 𝑷𝑶
2 b AIO
AI IO AO
Ratio of similitude:  
MPO MP PO MO
IV. In right triangle OMP : In right triangle OMC : Thus,
adj OP opp OC OP OC
cos MOˆ P   sin OMˆ C   
c hyp OM hyp OM cos MOˆ P sin OMˆ C
OP OC (by comparison)
So, OM  So, OM 
cos MOˆ P sin OMˆ C
CMI being a right-angled triangle at I (perpendicular bisector) from which it is inscribed in
the circle (S ') of diameter [MC]. And (OC) ⊥ (MC) (because of the tangent (MC) to the
a circle (S)).
So (OC) is the tangent to (S) as being perpendicular to the diameter [MC].
In the triangles CIO and MCO we have:
̂ = 𝑪𝑰𝑶
(A) : 𝑶𝑪𝑴 ̂ = 𝟗𝟎𝟎 « perpendicular »
̂
(A) : 𝑪𝑶𝑰 = 𝑪𝑶𝑴 ̂ « Common angle»
3
b Hence, triangles CIO and MCO are similar by using AA property.
𝑪𝑰𝑶 𝑪𝑰 𝑰𝑶 𝑪𝑶 𝑰𝑶 𝑪𝑶
|→ = = 𝒔𝒐 = 𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒏 𝑴𝑶 × 𝑰𝑶 = 𝑪𝑶𝟐
𝑴𝑪𝑶 𝑴𝑪 𝑪𝑶 𝑴𝑶 𝑪𝑶 𝑴𝑶
𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝑴𝑶 × 𝑰𝑶 = 𝑹𝟐
We have: 𝑨𝑶 × 𝑷𝑶 = 𝑹𝟐 ; 𝟐𝑹 × 𝑶𝑷 = 𝑹𝟐
c 𝑴𝑶 × 𝑰𝑶 = 𝑨𝑶 × 𝑷𝑶
;
𝑹
𝒕𝒉𝒆𝒓𝒆𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝑶𝑷 = 𝟐 unit
𝟐
𝑴𝑶 × 𝑰𝑶 = 𝑹
In the triangle OAM we have: (AI) ⊥ (MO) (where (AI) is the height proved)
And likewise (MP) ⊥ (AO) (because of the height)
4 Hence (MP) is a height.
The two heights intersect in K so K is the orthocenter of the triangle OAM.
Thus, (ON) ⊥ (MA) because (ON) passes through vertex O and orthocenter K