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BIRZEIT UNIVERCITY

Sample Calculation

Faculty of Engineering

Mechanical Engineering Department

Int. to graduation project.

Prepared For:

Dr. Adel Dweik

Prepared By:
Omar Dababsa 1143102

Date of Submission: 8/11/2018


Assumptions:

 The conditions for outdoor and indoor are assumed to be:


Indoor:
Tin = 18°, with relative humidity 50%,

Outdoor:
Tout = 35°C, with relative humidity 30%,

∆w = 0.00415

∆T = 17◦c

 ∆T between the inside walls and the building =0.


 The height of the building = 4m.
 The height of the available height = 3.5m.
 Inside wall thickness=10 cm
 Outside wall thickness= 41 cm.

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Sample Cooling Load Calculations:
Room 224:

For wall (SE) – External wall:


Q wall =U*A*CLTD
1
Uwall=
Rai+Rplast.+Rblock+Rpoly+Rconc.+Rstone+Rao

1 1
Uwall= 0.02 0.07 0.05 0.2 0.07 = = 𝟎. 𝟒𝟖𝟏
0.12+ + + + + +0.06 2.079
1.2 1 0.03 1.75 2.2

U=0.481 W/m2 .c

From table(4 − 15)∗ - South-west: CLTD =18°C (for type E wall and at 16 solar time)

*Refrigerant and air conditioning system textbook

Area= area of the wall =18.2 𝑚2

Q wall = (0.481)*(18)*(17)

= 147.18 watt

For the glass :


Qg-tr = Ug*Ag*∆T
Ug = 2.419 (for Aluminum thermal breaks and 5mm bronze, 6mm gray,6mm air
space)

Qg-tr = (2.419)*(1.7*4.54)*(17°C)

=317.38 watt

Qg-s = Ag*SHGF*S.C*CLF

SHGF = 700 W/m2 ,From table (4-10) ,S.C = 0.57 ,From table (4-11)

CLF = 0.82 , From table (4-12)

Qg-s = (1.7*4.54)*(700)*(0.57)*(0.52)

= 1601 watt

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NO heat transmitted by the floor (above conditioning space)

For the Roof:

Q floor = Ur*Ar*∆T
1
URoof=
Rai+Rceramic.+Rconc.+Rpoly+Rconc.+Rbrick+Rplast.+Rao

1 1
URoof= 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.18 0.02 = =0.467
0.15+0.83+1.75+0.03+1.75+0.95+ 1.2 +0.09 2.199

Uf = 0.467 W/m2 .c

Af =13.5 𝑚2

Q floor = 0.467*13.5*17°C

= 107.17 watt

Internal loads:

Lights:
Q lights = lump rate *Fn*Fb*CLF*number of lights

Fn = Fb = 1.0 , CLF = 0.70 from table (4-6)

2 lights: Qlights = 2*(197.67) *(1.0) *(1.0) *(0.70)

= 276.73 watt

People:
Q sensible = SHG *# of persons*CLF

Q latent = LHD*#of persons

SHG= 82.5 from table (4-7)

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CLF = 0.84 from table (4-9)

Q s = (49.6)*(2)*(0.84) = 83.3 watt

LHG = 67.5 from table (4-7)

Q l = (32.5)*(2) = 65 watt

Equipment:

1 scanner, 2 PC Computer, 1printer, 2 Computer screen , Miscellaneous load

Total power = 3240 w

Infiltration:

Q inf = Q sensible + Q latent

Qs = 1.23*V’ inf*∆T
ACPH∗Room volume∗10^−3
V’ inf =
3600

0.5 ∗ (18 ∗ 3.5) ∗ 10^3


=
3600
=8.75 L/s

Qs = 1.23*8.75*17°C = 182.96 watt

Ql = 3000*V’ inf*∆w

Ql = 3000*8.75*0.00415 = 108.93 watt

 Q inf = 291.89 watt

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Ventilation:

Q vent = Q sensible + Q latent

Qs = 1.23*V’ vent*∆T
1.35∗10^3
V’ vent = *15=360L/s
60

Qs = 1.23*360 *17°C = 7527.6 watt

Ql = 3000*V’ vent*∆w

Ql = 3000*360*0.00415 = 4482 watt

 Q vent = 12009 watt

Q Room = 6129 watt (by manual method)

Q Room = 6187 watt (by HAP Program)

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