Anda di halaman 1dari 25

Vehicle Classification:

MS18 Loading from NSCP 2010


FLOOR BEAM ANALYSIS For traverse section:
Deck Arch Bridge
Floor Beam (One-Way Deck)(Both Ends) Weight of post and railings (made of aluminum; γaluminum = 26.7
kN/m3)(From Table 204-1, NSCP 2015)

γconcrete = 23.5 kN/m3 (From NSCP Vol. II Art. 3.3.4)


W= Wpost + Wrailings
γsteel = 77 kN/m3 (From NSCP Vol. II Art. 3.3.4)
Wpost = (Vpost + Vrailings)(γaluminum)
Wpost = {[(0.2)(0.2) - (𝜋)(0.06)2][0.015] + [(𝜋)(0.06)2(1.015)] +
[(𝜋)(0.05)2 - (𝜋)(0.04)2](1.25)(3)}(26.7)
Wpost = 0.6011717689 kN
For weight of concrete and steel: (27.35)(7.5)2 (0.6)(7.4)2 (0.1) (72)(6.15)2 (1.35)
FEML = -[ + (7.5)2
+
(7.5)2
+
12
W = (2.5)(0.4)(23.5) + (2.5)(0.02)(77) (72)(4.35)2 (3.15) 2
(72)(3.15) (4.35) 2
(72)(1.35) (6.15) (0.6)(0.1)2 (7.4)
(7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
]
W = 27.35 kN/m
FEML = -339.510325 kNm
Most Stressed Condition:
Using MS 18, NSCP Art. 3.11.1, figure 3.7.6A (27.35)(7.5)2 (0.6)(0.1)2 (7.4) (72)(1.35)2 (6.15)
FEMR = [ + (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+
12
1 axle (2 wheels) = 144 kN 2
(72)(3.15) (4.35) 2
(72)(4.35) (3.15) 2
(72)(6.15) (1.35) (0.6)(7.4)2 (0.1)
(7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
]
144kN
Each wheel = = 72 kN
2
FEML = 339.510325 kNm

Reaction:
(0.6)(2)+(72)(4)+(27.35)(7.5)
RL = RR = = 247.1625 kN
2

RL = RR = 247.1625 kN
Solution for Beam Design (Cross Beams): Checking for Compactness:
𝑏𝑓 170 𝑑 1690
≤ ≤
2𝑡𝑓 √𝐹𝑦 𝑡𝑤 √𝐹𝑦
Mreq = 339.510325 kNm
312.9 170 332.2 1690
≤ ≤
Fy = 248 MPa 2(28.1) √248 18 √248

5.57 ≤ 10.8 18.51 ≤ 107.32

Assume compact: ∴ Compact ∴ Compact

Fb = 0.66 Fy
= (0.66)(248 MPa) Mnew = Mreq + Msection
9.81m 1
Fb = 163.68 MPa (174.1 kg/m)( )( )(7.5m)2
s2 1000
Mnew = 339.510325 + [ ]
12
Sx = M / Fb
Mnew = 347.5162047 kNm
6
= (339.510325 x 10 ) / (163.68)
Sxnew = Mnew / Fb = (347.5162047 x 106) / (163.8)
Sx = 2074.232191 x 103 mm3
= 2121.588551 x 103 mm3
Sxnew < Sxsection
Using W12 x 120
∴ Acceptable
bf = 312.9 mm tw = 18 mm

tf = 28.1 mm Sx = 2673.3 x 103 mm3


d = 332.2 mm W = 179.1 kg/m
Distributed Load = 27.35 kN/m + (179.1 kg/m)(9.81m/s 2)(1/1000) Reaction:
= 29.106971 kN/m (0.6)(2)+(72)(4)+(29.106971)(7.5)
RL = RR = = 253.7511413 kN
2

RL = RR = 253.7511413 kN

(29.106971)(7.5)2 (0.6)(7.4)2 (0.1) (72)(6.15)2 (1.35)


FEML = -[ + (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+
12
(72)(4.35)2 (3.15) 2
(72)(3.15) (4.35) 2
(72)(1.35) (6.15) (0.6)(0.1)2 (7.4)
(7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
+ (7.5)2
]

FEML = -347.7512572 kNm

FEMR = 347.7512572 kNm


ONE WAY SLAB ANALYSIS For Longitudinal Section:
Maximum Load for One-Way Slab:
Weight of post and railings (made of aluminum; γaluminum = 26.7
kN/m3)(From Table 204-1, NSCP 2015)

W = Wpost + Wrailings
Wpost = (Vpost + Vrailings)(γaluminum)
Wpost = {[(0.2)(0.2) - (𝜋)(0.06)2][0.015] + [(𝜋)(0.06)2(1.015)] +
[(𝜋)(0.05)2 - (𝜋)(0.04)2](1.25)(3)}(26.7)
Wpost = 0.6011717689 kN
Using MS18 Loading:

Max. Axle load = 144 kN from NSCP Vol. II Bridges Art. 3.11.1, For weight of concrete and steel:
Fig. 3.7.6A
W = (7.5m)(0.4m)(23.5kN/m3) + (7.5m)(0.02m)(77kN/m3)
2 axles = 2 (144kN)
W = 82.05kN/m
= 288 kN

Distributed Load = Wconcrete and steel


= 82.05 kN/m
Shear Diagram:

Solution:
∑ML = 0

RR (2.5m) = (288)(1.25) + (0.6)(2.5) + (82.05)(2.5)(1.25) Shear @left: V = 247.1625 – 0.6

RR = 247.1625 kN = 246.5625 kN
@midspan: V1 = 246.5625 – (82.05)(1.25)

∑MR = 0 = 144 kN

RL (2.5m) = (288)(1.25) + (0.6)(2.5) + (82.05)(2.5)(1.25) V2 = 144 – 288

RL = 247.1625 kN = -144kN

@right: V = -144 – (82.05)(1.25)

= -246.5625 kN
Moment Diagram:

Moment @left: ML = 0
(246.5625)+(144)
@midspan: Mmidspan = (1.25)
2

Mmidspan = 244.1015625 kNm


(144)+(246.5625)
@right: MR = 244.1015625 - (1.25)
2

MR = 0
MAXIMUM STESS CONDITION (Case 1) (Summary)

Vertical Member Axial Force (kN) Diagonal Member Axial Force (kN)
(kN) (kN)
Top Member Axial Force (kN) Arch Member (kN) Axial Force (kN)
AB AD
AC BD
CD CF
CE DF
EF EH
EG FH
GH HI
GI HJ
IJ IL
IK JL
KL LM
KM LN
MN NO
MO NP
OP PQ
OQ PR
QR
Transferring of Loads: Case 1 (Solution) For Floor Beam 2:
(NSCP 2010 Volume 2: MS 18 Loading) (144)(0.73)
` RFB2 =
2.5

RFB2 = 42.048 kN

INFLUENCE DIAGRAM
For Floor Beam 1: For Floor Beam 3:
(144)(1.77)
` RFB3 =
2.5
RFB1 = RFB1 = (144 kN)(1) RFB2 = 101.952 kN
RFB1 = 144 kN
For Floor Beam 4: For Floor Beam 6:
(36)(1.46) (144)(1.29)
RFB4 = RFB6 =
2.5 2.5

RFB4 = 21.024 kN RFB6 = 74.304 kN

For Floor Beam 5: For Floor Beam 7:


(36)(1.04) (144)(1.94)
RFB5 = + RFB7 =
2.5 2.5
(36)(1.46) (144)(1.21)
2.5 2.5 RFB7 = 111.744 kN
RFB5 = 84.762 kN
For Floor Beam 8:
(144)(0.56)
RFB8 = +
2.5
(36)(1.46) (36)(0.17)
2.5 2.5

RFB8 = 34.704 kN

For Floor Beam 9:


(36)(2.33)
RFB9 =
2.5

RFB9 = 33.552 kN
MAXIMUM STESS CONDITION (Case 2) (Summary)

Vertical Member Axial Force (kN Diagonal Member Axial Force (kN)
Top Member Axial Force (kN) Arch Member (kN) Axial Force (kN) (kN) (kN)
AC BD AB AD
CE DF CD CF
EG FH EF EH
GI HJ GH HI
IK JL IJ IL
KM LN KL LM
MO NP MN NO
OQ PR OP PQ

QR
Transferring of Loads: Case 2 (Solution) For Floor Beam 2:
(NSCP 2010 Volume 2: MS 18 Loading) (144)(0.56)
RFB2 =
2.5

RFB2 = 32.256 kN

INFLUENCE DIAGRAM For Floor Beam 3:


For Floor Beam 1: (144)(1.94)
` RFB3 =
2.5

RFB3 = 111.744 kN
(144)(2.33)
RFB1 =
2.5

RFB1 = 134.208 kN
For Floor Beam 4: For Floor Beam 6:
(36)(1.29) (144)(1.46)
RFB4 = UIU RFB6 =
2.5 2.5

RFB4 = 18.576 kN RFB6 = 84.096 kN

For Floor Beam 5: For Floor Beam 7:


(36)(1.21) (144)(1.77)
RFB5 = + RFB7 =
2.5 2.5
(36)(1.46) (144)(1.04)
2.5 2.5 RFB7 = 101.952 kN
RFB5 = 77.328 kN
For Floor Beam 8:
(144)(0.73)
RFB8 =
2.5

RFB8 = 42.048 kN

For Floor Beam 9:

RFB9 = 36(1)

RFB9 = 36 kN

La
LOADING OF THE TRUSS (Live Load and Dead Load) Factored Load at G:
Case 1: PG = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (21.024)
Solution: PG = 338.1397696 kN
Factored Load = Factored Dead Load + Factored Live Load

Factored Load = 1.2DL + 1.6LL Factored Load at I:


PI = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (84.762)
Factored Load at A: PI = 440.1205696 kN
PA = 1.2 (253.7511413/2) + 1.6 (144)

PA = 382.6506848 kN Factored Load at K:

PK = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (74.304)

Factored Load at C: PK = 423.3877696 kN


PC = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (42.048)

PC = 371.7781696 kN Factored Load at M:

PM = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (111.744)


Factored Load at E: PM = 483.2917696 kN
PE = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (101.952)

PE = 462.6245696 kN
Factored Load at O:
Truss Member Weight of the Truss Member Weight of the
PO = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (34.704) Member (kN) Member (kN)
PO = 360.0277696 kN AB IK
AC IL
AD JL
Factored Load at Q: BD KL
CD KM
PQ = 1.2 (253.7511413/2) + 1.6 (33.552) CE LM
CF LN
PQ = 205.9338848 kN DF MN
EF MO
EG NO
EH NP
FH OP
For the self-weight of the truss members: GH OQ
GI PQ
Assume dead load of the truss member:
HI PR
 Use W12 x 120 with HJ QR
IJ

 Use W12 x 120 with


Case 2: Factored Load at I:
PI = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (77.328)
Factored Load at A: PI = 428.2261696 kN
PA = 1.2 (253.7511413/2) + 1.6 (134.208)

PA = 366.9834848kN Factored Load at K:


PK = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (84.096)
Factored Load at C: PK = 439.0549696 kN
PC = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (32.256)

PC = 356.1109696 kN Factored Load at M:

PM = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (101.952)

Factored Load at E: PM = 467.6245696 kN


PE = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (111.744)

PE = 483.2917696 kN Factored Load at O:

PO = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (42.048)


Factored Load at G: PO = 371.7781696 kN
PG = 1.2 (253.7511413) + 1.6 (18.576)

PG = 334.2229696 kN
Factored Load at Q:
Truss Member Weight of the Truss Member Weight of the
PQ = 1.2 (253.7511413/2) + 1.6 (36) Member (kN) Member (kN)
PQ = 209.8506848 kN AB IK
AC IL
AD JL
BD KL
CD KM
For the self-weight of the truss members: CE LM
CF LN
Assume dead load of the truss member: DF MN
EF MO
 Use W12 x 120 with
EG NO
EH NP
FH OP
 Use W12 x 120 with GH OQ
GI PQ
HI PR
HJ QR
IJ
SUMMARY OF LOADS WITH SECTION ASSIGNMENT

Case 1:

Top Max. Section Arch Max. Section Vertical Max. Section Diagonal Max. Section
Member Possible Member Possible Member Possible Member Possible
Load (kN) Load (kN) Load (kN) Load (kN)

AC BD AB AD

CE DF CD CF

EG FH EF EH

GI HJ GH HI

IK JL IJ IL

KM LN KL LM

MO NP MN NO

OQ PR OP PQ

QR
Case 2:

Top Max. Section Arch Max. Section Vertical Max. Section Diagonal Max. Section
Member Possible Member Possible Member Possible Member Possible
Load (kN) Load (kN) Load (kN) Load (kN)

AC BD AB AD

CE DF CD CF

EG FH EF EH

GI HJ GH HI

IK JL IJ IL

KM LN KL LM

MO NP MN NO

OQ PR OP PQ
QR