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VINAYAKA MISSIONS UNIVERSITY


AARUPADAI VEEDU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI
&
V.M.K.V.ENGINEERING COLLEGE, SALEM

BOARD : MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


REGULATION : 2012
PROGRAM : B.E – MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
SEMESTER : VI
SUBJECT : AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

QUESTION BANK

UNIT- I : VEHICLE STRUCTURE AND ENGINES


PART A

1. What is a chassis? List the different components.


2. What are the main functions of a frame?
3. List out the various materials used in the construction of chassis frames.
4. Mention any two main sections of vehicle construction.
5. What loads are acting on an axle?
6. List the various resistance forces acting on a vehicle in motion.
7. Why is the frame narrow at front?
8. List out the various materials used in the construction of vehicle body.
9. What is the function of a bumper?
10. Mention the significant components of engine.
11. What are the types of frames?
12. What are the advantages of using Grey Iron for a cylinder block?
13. What are the causes of a cylinder wall wear ?
14. What are valve guides? Specify two basic types.
15. What is the purpose of a cylinder head gasket ? What it is usually made of ?
16. What is Piston Clearance? Why is it needed?
17. Mention the merits of a Rear Engine Vehicle.
18. What is a Front Engine Front Drive automobile?
19. What are the driving advantages of a Four Wheel Drive?
20. Which type of drive is suited for a vehicle driven in a desert? And Why?

PART B
1. Elucidate the chassis layout of an automobile vehicle and detail its various
components.
2. Explain, with a suitable sketch, the layout of a truck frame. Label the component
parts.
3. Discuss in detail the functions of a chassis frame and the loads to which a chassis
frame is subjected.
4. Describe the various types of chassis frames used in vehicles.
5. With necessary sketches explain a Front Engine Front Wheel Drive system. Detail
the various advantages and disadvantages.

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6. Explain a Four Wheel Drive Vehicle with a neat sketch of its layout.
7. With neat sketch of a cross-section of an Internal Combustion Engine, explain the
function of its significant components.
8. Discuss the various functions of piston in an automotive cylinder. Discuss
different types of pistons.
9. Explain the function and construction of an IC Engine crankshaft.
10. Write short notes on a. Piston Rings and b. Cylinder Liners.

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UNIT- II : ENGINE AUXILIARY SYSTEMS


PART A

1. What is carburation?
2. List two basic reasons for defects in carburetor.
3. What is the air fuel requirement for idling at normal temperature?
4. Specify the different areas of electronic control of carburetion.
5. What is the basic principle of gasoline injection? What is the major advantage of
gasoline injection?
6. Classify Gasoline Injection System. State them.
7. What is a sequential injection system ?
8. Where does fuel is injected in a single point fuel injection system?
9. Mention the various merits of a gasoline fuel injection system.
10. What are the disadvantages of a gasoline fuel injection against an conventional
carburetor?
11. What is the function of a electronic fuel pump and a pressure regulator?
12. What is injector pulse width?
13. List the various components of a Electronic Diesel Injection System.
14. What is an Electronic Ignition System?
15. How Hall Effect principle is used in an Electronic Ignition System?
16. What is over-run Fuel cut-off and over speed Fuel cut-off?
17. What is the purpose of an oxygen sensor ?
18. What is a turbocharger? How are they driven?
19. What is turbo lag and boost?
20. What is the basic principle of working of a catalytic convereter?

PART B

1. Describe with suitable sketches the following systems of a carburetor operation.


a. Main metering system, b. Idling c. Power enrichment
d. Acceleration e. Choke.
2. Explain with the help of a neat sketch any gasoline injection system.
3. With necessary sketches explain a Multi Point Fuel Injection System and its
components.
4. Explain an Electronic Fuel-injection system with air-flow meter with necessary
sketch.
5. List and explain the eight different engine sensors for electronic control.
6. Explain Electronic Control of Diesel Injection with a neat diagram.
7. Explain Common Rail Direct Injection ( CRDi) system with neat sketch.
8. Describe an Electronic Ignition System with necessary circuits.
9. Describe with the help of neat and labeled sketches, the construction and
operating principle of a turbocharger.
10. Explain a three way catalytic converter with its neat diagram.

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UNIT- III : TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS


PART A

1. What is the function of a clutch?


2. List the desirable qualities of a clutch.
3. What is the function of a gear box? State its types.
4. Why are helical gears used in manual transmission and overdives?
5. Why sliding mesh gear box not preferred?
6. List the different friction lining materials used in clutches.
7. What is an over drive?
8. What are the four major functions of a transfer case?
9. State the function of a free wheel unit.
10. Why are synchronizers used in transmission?
11. What is Clutch slippage and clutch drag ?
12. What are the two basic types of front-driving axles?
13. What is a Continuously Variable Transmission? State its principal advantage.
14. What drives the torque converter?
15. What is the primary function of a planetary gearset in automatic transmission?
16. What is the necessity of a differential in a vehicle driveline ?
17. What is the function of a propeller shaft?
18. Why do the “live” axles in the transaxle need universal joints?
19. What is the function of a rear axle?
20. What is the difference between a fluid coupling and a torque converter?

PART B

1. Explain, with neat sketches the construction and operation of a diaphragm spring
single plate clutch.
2. Discuss Mechanical Clutch Linkage and Hydraulic Clutch Linkage with
necessary sketches.
3. Explain , with necessary sketches the construction and operation of a Manually
operated selective transmission sliding mesh gear box.
4. Describe, with the help of a neat and labeled sketch, the construction and
operation of a syncromesh gearbox..
5. Explain the construction and working of an Overdrive arrangement.
6. Write short notes on a. Fluid Coupling and b. Torque Converter.
7. Explain with a neat sketch the operation of a ball and trunion joint used in a
vehicle driveline.
8. Sketch the general arrangement of a live axle and label the various loads that it
has to withstand. Explain them.
9. Write descriptive notes on a. Constant velocity Universal Joints and b. Slip Joint.
10. Differentiate between Hotchkiss drive and a torque tube drive.

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UNIT- IV: STEERING, BRAKES AND SUSPENSION SYSTEMS


PART A

1. List the main requirements of a steering system.


2. What is steering ratio?
3. Classify the various steering gears commonly used.
4. What does steering axis inclination mean?
5. What is an integral power steering system?
6. What is pitching of a suspension system?
7. What is meant by “spring mass” and “unsprung mass”?
8. List the objectives of a vehicle suspension.
9. Give two functions of a leaf spring bolt.
10. What is the effect of shot peening on leaves of leaf spring?
11. Name four major types of springs used in modern automobile suspensions.
12. What are the requirements of a automobile brakes?
13. List the factors that govern the stopping distance of a vehicle.
14. What are a leading shoe and a trailing shoe?
15. What is the function of a brake shoe lining?
16. What is the effect of floating the brake expander, instead of fixing it on the back
plate?
17. How does the use of a double master cylinder make the brake system safe?
18. What is anti-lock brake system?
19. What is an air brake system?
20. State two characteristics of a hydraulic brake fluid.

PART B

1. Explain the principle of “Ackerman Steering Mechanism”.


2. Describe with the help of a neat sketch the Recircualting Ball Type of Steering
Gear. Compare it with the cam-and double roller type of steering gears. Which
system will you prefer and why ?
3. Describe the concepts of Oversteer, Understeer, Cornering power and Slip Angle.
4. Explain the necessity of power steering in an automobile. Draw any power steering
system and explain its working.
5. With the help of neat and labeled sketches, describe the construction and working
of an independent suspension system using coil springs.
6. Explain, with the help of a neat and labeled sketches, the function and
construction of a leaf spring and show how it is mounted on rear and front.
7. With the help of a neat and labeled sketches, describe a type of mechanical brake
used in automotive practice.
8. With the help of a neat and labeled diagram, describe the layout and operation of
a hydraulically operated, four wheel drum brake system.
9. How do hydraulic brake systems sometimes have to be bled? Describe the two
most common methods of bleeding hydraulic brakes.
10. Describe an anti lock brake system in detail with necessary sketches.

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UNIT- V : ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES


PART A

1. What are the fuels available for future?


2. List the various forms of natural gas.
3. State any three disadvantages of liquefied natural gas as an automotive fuel.
4. What are the major constituents of natural gas and LPG
5. What are advantages of LPG over conventional fuels?
6. Write down the components of LPG equipment.
7. What are the two types of LPG used for automotive engine fuel?
8. State two advantages of burning leaner overall fuel air mixtures.
9. List the properties of ethanol fuel.
10. What are the features of methanol as a fuel?
11. What is carbonyl emission?
12. What is E85?
13. What are the advantages of hydrogen in CI engine?
14. Specify the emission characteristics from SI engine when alcohol used as fuel.
15. What is an hybrid power source?
16. Mention any four types of fuel cells.
17. What is a fuel cell?
18. State the advantages of fuel cell.
19. What are the main components of electric and hybrid vehicles?
20. List out some of the safety aspects of hydrogen fuel?

PART B

1. Describe the salient features of using LPG an alternate fuel.


2. Elucidate the various components of CNG conversion kit used in S.I engines.
3. Discuss the performance and emission characteristics of CNG as engine fuel.
4. Explain the production process of hydrogen fuel and explain the performance
characteristics of hydrogen fuel.
5. How bio diesel is produced? Explain and its usage in automobiles.
6. Detail the applicability of alcohol based fuels as an alternative fuel in CI engine.
What are its advantages and disadvantages?
7. State the Advantages and disadvantages of electric vehicles. Explain the concept
of hybrid vehicle with neat sketch.
8. What are properties of hydrogen gas? Discuss the potential of using hydrogen as a
fuel for automotives.
9. Describe the working of an electric automotive with neat sketch.
10. With the help of a neat sketch explain fuel cell and its application in an
automotive.