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SCH 3U1 EXAM REVIEW STUDY SHEET

UNIT ONE (MATTER, CHEMICAL TRENDS, AND CHEMICAL BONDING)


 Elements and periodic table
 Atomic theories
 Periodic trends (atomic radius, ionic radius, ionization energy, electron affinity, electronegativity)
 Atomic number, mass number, atomic mass, isotope, radioisotope and half-life
 Relative atomic mass and isotopic abundance
 Properties of ionic and covalent substances
 Drawing Lewis symbols (electron dot diagrams) for elements, ions, and ionic compounds
 Drawing Lewis structures for covalent compounds
 Electronegativity and types of intramolecular bonding (polar covalent, non-polar covalent, ionic)
 Molecular shape and molecular polarity
 Intermolecular bonding (dipole-dipole, hydrogen bonding, London dispersion forces)

UNIT TWO (CHEMICAL REACTIONS)


 Writing chemical names of compounds
 Writing chemical formulas of compounds
 Writing chemical equations for combustion, synthesis, decomposition, single displacement, and double
displacement reactions
 Writing chemical equations for single displacement reactions using the activity series for metals and halogens
 Writing chemical equations for double displacement reactions where a precipitation reaction occurs

UNIT THREE (QUANTITIES IN CHEMICAL REACTIONS)


 Relative atomic mass and isotopic abundance
 Calculations involving the mole concept (mass amount in moles number of entities) using Avogadro’s
constant and molar mass
 Percentage composition
 Empirical and molecular formulas
 Balancing and interpreting chemical equations
 Writing balanced nuclear equations
 Gravimetric stoichiometry (calculating masses of reactants and products)
 Determining limiting and excess reagents and using this information to calculate masses of products
 Calculating percentage yield using actual and theoretical yield

UNIT FOUR (SOLUTIONS AND SOLUBILITY)


 Properties of solutions involving polar and non-polar solutes and solvents
 Solution concentration problems involving percentage concentration, ppm, and molar concentration
 Calculations involving solution preparation from a solid and by dilution
 Solubility of solids (saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated) and solubility curves
 Writing overall reactions, total ionic equations, and net ionic equations for precipitate reactions
 Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative tests
 Solution stoichiometry (calculating concentrations of reactants and products)
 Properties of acids and bases
 Converting between H+ ion concentration and pH
 Properties of strong and weak acids
 Arrhenius’ concept of acids and bases and the Revised theory
 Bronsted-Lowry’s theory of acids and bases
 Neutralization reactions and Acid-Base titrations

UNIT FIVE (GASES AND ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY)


 Kinetic molecular theory of gases
 Boyle’s Law relating pressure to volume
 Converting temperature from the Celsius scale to the Kelvin scale
 Charles’ Law relating temperature to volume
 Gay-Lussac’s / Pressure and Temperature Law relating pressure to temperature
 Combined Gas Law relating pressure, volume, and temperature
 Ideal gas Law
 Dalton’s Law of partial pressures
 Gas stoichiometry (calculations involving gas volume, molar volume, and the ideal gas law)