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MICOM T390

Digital Power Line Carrier


&
DIP5000
Digital Teleprotection

Presentation to POWERGRID

Amit Pandey

1 PGCIL SEP 2011 1


Agenda

 Telecom for Power Utilities

 Power Line Carrier Solution

 Migration to Digital

 Conclusion

2 PGCIL SEP 2011 2


Telecom Requirements

 Objective: Transmit mission critical information from one


location to other at a distance to guarantee power network
security

 Teleprotection to transfers the protection command from a


distance protection relay to other remote location
 With very low transfer time: a few ms
 With high reliability (low Probability of Missing Command)
 With high security (low Probability of Unwanted Command)

 The communication medium can be Power line, Optical Fiber…


 The transmission can be analog (voice frequency) or digital
(binary information through a digital multiplexer)

3 PGCIL SEP 2011 3


Requirements of Power Utilities

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems at Area, State and


Regional Load Dispatch Centers for smooth Grid operations
Signaling to assist protection of the power system.
Collection of statistical data for power network planning.
Operational telephone and intercom connections.
Connection of remote data terminals to corporate computers

4 PGCIL SEP 2011 4


Telecom Solutions for Power Utilities ???

5 PGCIL SEP 2011 5


Telecom Solutions for Power Utilities

RTU Teleprotection PLC Micom T390 Teleprotection RTU


distance protection DIP 5000 DIP 5000 distance protection
Differential protection Differential protection
Ethernet Subs bus Ethernet Subs bus

Voice Voice
& data & data

Telecom Management MUX DXC5000 MUX DXC5000

6 PGCIL SEP 2011 6


Agenda

 Telecom for Power Utilities

 Power Line Carrier Solution

 Migration to Digital

 Conclusion

7 PGCIL SEP 2011 7


What are the POWERGRID constraints?

 The PLCC should take into account the POWERGRID evolution


 Should support new SCADA/RTU/Protection
 Should also support speech for despatch functions

 Frequency congestion
 Frequency spectrum is already congested
 Need 6 PLC = 24 Khz (24+24 actually) per new 400/220 kV DC line

 Guarantee reliability/ security


 Guarantee a quality of services in any case, line fault , bad weather
etc … and not provide only “best effort”

 Minimize cost
 Entry Cost : Cost to purchase the equipment need
 Cost of implementation: Design the network , frequency planning,
adaptation to the existing network, installation and commissioning
 Cost of Ownership: cost to train, maintain, upgrade the PLC during
their life, cost of spare

8 PGCIL SEP 2011 8


Frequency re-use game

?
F1 F1 F1 F1

Substation Substation Substation


A B C

How to avoid Interferences ?  Adopt Separation Rules


Could be very complex in case of meshed network

9 PGCIL SEP 2011 9


PLC Engineering Constraints

? ? ?

Forbidden Band
Separation Rule
Existing A frequency plan is rapidly congested
New Particularly in case of meshed network

 R.F Band is limited  40 - 500 kHz as per IEC

 Forbidden Bands ( Radio beacons, administrative Rules etc.)

 Existing PLCs

 Interferences between Sections

10 PGCIL SEP 2011 10


How good is the Traditional PLC solution?

 Power line carrier has been used for more than 40 years by
transmission utility to provide secure and reliable information
exchange between substations

 But the traditional Power line carrier offer limited services and can
not always cope with new requirements
 Today SCADA application , RTUs and DCS in substation requires
higher transfer speed that are not easily reached by conventional
analogue PLC
 Compatibility with several types of interface like V11, Ethernet,
C37.94 (optical) etc. is required when wanting to use PLC as a
backup; or to complete Digital communication network
 Telecom network monitoring system facilities are now widely
used for the Digital Network

 Digital PLC and Micom T390 bring the PLC technology to a higher level

11 PGCIL SEP 2011 11


AREVA DPLC MICOM T390 answers
 The PLCC should take into account the POWERGRID evolution
 Micom T390 is able to support the traditional analog PLC features and
can be upgraded easily
 Supports 3 speech, 4 data and 1 tele-protection in Digital mode

 Resolves frequency congestion


 Supports above services (3S+4D+1TP) with 8 KHz bandwidth
 Need 2 DPLC per new 400/220 kV DC line for redundancy

 Guarantee reliability/ security


 Micom T390 offers enhanced monitoring and management capabilities
and automatic adaptation to the line quality

 Minimize cost
 Entry Cost : Configuration is adaptable to any customer needs
 Cost of implementation: Powerful HMI, Flexibility in the frequency
allocation, Integration of Commissioning tools
 Cost of Ownership: easy maintenance and easy software upgrade via
local or remote access

12 PGCIL SEP 2011 12


Agenda

 Telecom for Power Utilities

 Power Line Carrier Solution

 Migration to Digital

 Conclusion

13 PGCIL SEP 2011 13


Migration from Analog to Digital – Step 1
 You can replace PLC equipment by Micom T390 without
replacing any outdoor equipments, without having to
redesign the PLC network , frequency plan study, PABX
routing
 Just replace one to one !

HV LINE
Line
Trap

»Line Matching »Line Matching


Unit Unit
LMU 5000 LMU 5000

Analogue
PLC
14 PGCIL SEP 2011 14
Migration from Analog to Digital – Step 2
 Move directly to digital/mix mode when you have new data
transmission requirements

HV LINE
Line
Trap

CC

»Line Matching
Unit »Line Matching
Unit
LMU 5000
LMU 5000

»Management software for MICOM T390


and DIP 5000 over SNMP protocol

»Power Line Carrier MICOM T390 »Power Line Carrier MICOM T390
And teleprotection DIP 5000 And Intertripping DIP 5000

SERVICES
SERVICES

15 PGCIL SEP 2011 15


Move from analog to digital transmission made easy

 Migration steps 1 and 2 show many benefits for the utility


interested in migrating from analog PLC to digital PLC
 Limited risks
 Minimized technical and commissioning risks as the staff already
knows the line status and the PLC parameters (frequency plan and
specifications)
 Flexibility
 Migrate at your own pace : expertise in digital implementation is
learnt smoothly
 Cost control
 Migration is simple to perform making investment forecast and asset
management easier as well
 Some upgrade during step 2 can be done remotely (lower cost)
 And of course access to the benefits of digital transmission
 Increased data rate for RTU and DCS communication
(conventional speech and PABX allocation can be kept in analog)
 Network Monitoring system

16 PGCIL SEP 2011 16


Migration from Analog to Digital – Step 3
Enjoy the power of Micom T390
 Benefit from Digital PLC
 The PLC is integrated as a “standard” telecommunication
equipment (like SDH/PDH equipment)
 A complete monitoring of the network is possible
 Standardization of connections (Ethernet wiring)

 And introduce new enhanced digital services


 Some IP/Ethernet services can be supported (Voice over IP, Data,
Video, new Ethernet based RTU)
 Intranet can be created between substation (“Bridge function”)
 LAN to LAN, “MESH network” with redundant path
 Direct step to 61850 release 2 and 3 service creation (VLAN
function)

17 PGCIL SEP 2011 17


Answering the Power Network Evolution Constraints
Through Micom T390

 Handle racks not cards


providing more flexibility

 No hardware limitation

 Modules can be configured


and upgraded according to
customer needs by himself
without any return to the
factory

 More services offered (up


to 12 modules)

18 PGCIL SEP 2011 18


SPEECH CONNECTIVITY WITH T390
MICOM T390 POWER N/W MICOM T390

Telephone

Scenario#1: Phone to PABX PABX

MICOM T390 POWER N/W MICOM T390

Telephone
Telephone
Scenario#2: Phone to Phone

MICOM T390 MICOM T390

POWER N/W
PABX PABX
Scenario#1: PABX to PABX

19 PGCIL SEP 2011 19


DATA CONNECTIVITY WITH T390

MICOM T390 MICOM T390

RTU C264 POWER N/W FRONT END/


Distance <15m MODEM
TALK / DATA
TALK RS CS TR RD TD CD
WIDEBAND NODE
Substation #1 EXISTING PLCC EXISTING PLCC Substation #2

EXISTING PLCC EXISTING PLCC


TALK / DATA
TALK RS CS TR RD TD CD

MODEM
RS232

RTU C264

Substation #3

20 PGCIL SEP 2011 20


TELEPROTECTION CONNECTIVITY WITH T390

MICOM T390 POWER N/W MICOM T390


Teleprotection Teleprotection

TELEPROTECTION TO MICOM T390 CONNECTIVITY

21 PGCIL SEP 2011 21


Design Proposal: Double CKT Ph-Ph

WT WT

Main 1 WT WT DTPC Main 1


DTPC
Backup2 Backup2
400 kV line CKT-1
Speech/ PLCC LMU LMU LMU LMU PLCC Speech/
Data 1 Data 1

WT WT

Main 2 WT WT Main 2
DTPC DTPC
Backup1 400 kV line CKT-2 Backup1
Speech/ LMU LMU PLCC Speech/
PLCC LMU LMU
Data 2 Data 2

Site-1 Site-2
MICOM T390 Power Line Carrier

MICOM T390 Amp


• up to >100W with Ampx when < 200Khz
• start at 20Khz

MICOM T390 PRCS MICOM T390 PRCO


•1 V11 Interface 64Kbps
•1 RS232
•3 RS232
• 1 V11 Interface 64Kbps
•1 LAN port
• 1 LAN port
• 1 IRIG B interface
• 1 IRIG B interface
• Maintenance handset
•Optical input for external Teleprotection
• 3 speech channels
• SNMP management
• Input for TP
• SNMP management • 3 speech channels

MICOM T390 Serv


•up to 3 RS232 Interfaces
•Maintenance handset
Performance
• up to 3 speech channels

23 PGCIL SEP 2011 23


MICOM T390 Power Line Carrier

Amplifier Unit - Size 19 inches - 3U


80 W
output

Information Access for 40 W Unbalanced


Led hybrid settings output

- Amplifier Unit -
24 PGCIL SEP 2011 24
MICOM T390 Power Line Carrier
Processing Unit - Size 19 inches - 2U

Management External analog 3 Speech Reference


Interface Teleprotection Interface for E&M
Interface

V11 data IRIG B


Interface 4 RS 232 data Interface
Interface

- Processing Unit Standard -


25 PGCIL SEP 2011 25
MICOM T390 Power Line Carrier
Service Unit - Size 19 inches - 2U
Management 3 x RS232
Interface Serial Interface

Information 3 x Speech Reference


Service Phone
Led’s Interface for E&M

- Service Unit -
26 PGCIL SEP 2011 26
Answering the Power Network Evolution Constraints
Evolution to higher bandwidth and new service (IP based)

 Moving from Analogue to Digital by simple firmware license Download

RX TX
FSK FSK

 2 Analogue channels
Analog InterBand for Analog
Analog Analog
CH1 separated mode CH1
CH2 CH2
with TPX with TPX

2.5 or 2.5 or 2.5 or 2.5 or


4KHz 4KHz 4KHz 4KHz
0 to max

 Digital 72Kb/s
QAM Signal QAM Signal

FSK
RX TX
FSK
LAN
Rx Tx

Unlimited RS232
16 kHz 16 kHz 6 speechs
or or
8 KHz 8 KHz
Or or
4kHz 4KHz

27 PGCIL SEP 2011 27


Answering the Power Network Evolution Constraints
Support the traditional PLC features

FSK FSK

InterBand for
 Analogue single channel :
Analog
RX
with TPX
separated mode
Analog
TX
with TPX
Separated / adjacent band,
2.5khz and 4Khz band
2.5 or 2.5 or
4KHz 4KHz
0 to max

RX TX
FSK FSK

Analog
Analog InterBand for
separated mode
Analog
Analog
 Analogue double channel :
CH1 CH1
CH2
with TPX with TPX
CH2
Separated / adjacent band,
2.5 or
4KHz
2.5 or
4KHz
2.5 or
4KHz
2.5 or
4KHz
2.5khz and 4Khz band
0 to max

28 PGCIL SEP 2011 28


Answering the Power Network Evolution Constraints
The Analog / Digital Mix mode

analogue analogue
channel channel
FSK FSK
QAM Signal QAM Signal Tx
Rx
Rx TX
h ch
ec
p e Data
p ee Data
S S

4KHz 16 kHz 16 kHz 4KHz


or or
8 KHz 8 KHz
Reception band Transmission band

1 analogue channel ( up to 2 )inc. 1 speech, 1 DIP 5000 teleprotection channel and up to 3


data channel ; 1 digital channel (4Khz or 8KHz)

analogue analogue
channe channe
FSK FSK
Q AM Signal Tx
Rx
TX

e ch e ch
pe pe
Data Data
S S

4KHz 4KHz

16 kHz
Superimposed Mode, 16Khz

29 PGCIL SEP 2011 29


Answering the Power Network Evolution Constraints
Advanced IP function Lan to Lan

30 PGCIL SEP 2011 30


Guarantee reliability and security
Enhanced Monitoring

31 PGCIL SEP 2011 31


Guarantee reliability and security
Enhanced Monitoring

32 PGCIL SEP 2011 32


Guarantee reliability and security
Enhanced Monitoring

33 PGCIL SEP 2011 33


Guarantee reliability and security
Enhanced Monitoring

34 PGCIL SEP 2011 34


Guarantee reliability and security
Enhanced Monitoring / Adaptation to line quality

QAM64 with 13-17-20db line attenuation simulation


35 PGCIL SEP 2011 35
Innovative commissioning Tools
Spectrum analyzer

36 PGCIL SEP 2011 36


Agenda

 Telecom for Power Utilities

 Power Line Carrier Solution

 Migration to Digital

 Conclusion

37 PGCIL SEP 2011 37


Comprehensive Management
»Analogue or digital or mix »Remote configuration by IP
»V11, Ethernet, RS232 data addressing
interfaces »Remote monitoring
»Speech, E&M »Local and remote
»IRIG B Configuration
COMPREHENSIVE »SNMP trap management
compatible with standard
Network management system

INSTALLATION
MICOM MANAGEMENT
T390

MODULAR

Installation Modular
»All in front connection »One 40W amplifier or 2 for
80W
»Powerful IHM »Already complete basic
»Embedded configuration configuration
tools
»+ Additional service units to
»Embedded commissioning accommodate even more
tool speech/data interfaces
38 PGCIL SEP 2011 38
TeleProtection Offering

39 PGCIL SEP 2011 39


Substation « A » Substation « B »
HV line

Digital Telecom
network
Intertripping Intertripping
DIP 5000 DIP 5000

And / or direct fiber optic link

Analog Telecom
Protection relay Protection relay
Brand A network Brand B

40 PGCIL SEP 2011 40


Intertripping Criteria

The 3 main characteristics of intertripping are :

Transfer time : During a fault, damage incurred to HV equipment will


depend on the fault clearance time.
The transfer time of the intertripping equipment, (the time between
the acquisition of a protection signal to its restitution at the other
end), must therefore be as short as possible to minimize the fault
clearance time.

Reliability/Dependability : Since the communication can be altered by noise


due to the high voltage environment, the intertripping signal shall be
transmitted in a way to minimize the risk of losing a command that would
lead to the non functioning of the fault clearance process. This value is
expressed as the Probability of Missing command Pmc.

41 PGCIL SEP 2011 41


Intertripping Criteria

The 3 main characteristics of a intertripping are (continued ):


Security : Since intertripping is often used to protect “strategic” lines on which a shut-
down would have heavy consequences, the intertripping has to ensure that a
command that can disconnect an HV line is a TRUE command and not due to
noise coming from the HV environment. This value is expressed as the
probability of unwanted command Puc for the worst-case being with the highest
noise .

All intertripping equipment shall meet as a minimum, the security,


dependability and transfer time criteria defined by an IEC
standard IEC 60834-1

42 PGCIL SEP 2011 42


DIP 5000
DIGITAL intertripping
DIP 5000 is increasing monitoring capabilities
 Continuous self testing of the Possibility to select alarms in
equipment and continuous
monitoring of the communication case of too high transmission
channel with REAL TIME BER and time or high BER or
Transfer Time monitoring Programmable alarms
contacts on lengthy command
 Event and alarm recording 512 events 1 ms stamping
allowing fault analysis and
tracking

- Increase the safety of your electrical network -


43 PGCIL SEP 2011 43
distance protection Application

transmission

securisation
Distance

transmission
securisation
Distance
protection protection

Speed

Permissive faster Blocking

slower

low

high
high

Direct
Security Intertrip Dependability

intermicom
intermicom

Distance Distance
protection protection

44 PGCIL SEP 2011 44


DIP 5000: Increasing the safety of your network

Faster transfer time : The fault clearance process is reduced


saving expensive HV equipment.

Transfer Time Reliability Security (Puc)


Protection With E1 Worst case
Mode (Pmc)
Interface
4 or 8
commands
Blocking 1 ms 1E-30 < 2E-7
Permissive 1 ms 1E-35 6E-14
Direct Tripping 1.5 ms 1E-19 1E-20

For reference
Puc according to IEC 60834-1 with 200 ms noise bursts / 200 ms pause

Puc for worst case SNR Single-tone commands Dual-tone commands


- blocking Puc < 1E-03 Puc < 1E-04
- permissive Puc < 1E-05 Puc < 1E-06
- direct Puc < 1E-08 Puc < 1E-09
45 PGCIL SEP 2011 45
AREVA Telecom Products for Power Utilities
DIP 5000 Teleprotection
Application
Transfer of distance protection information
Remote status information
Transfer of RTU for Scada application (load shedding)

Key characteristics
 Very high speed for command transmission
 High reliability (low PMC) and security (low PUC)
 Compliant to all required latest IEC standards
 Comprehensive range: analog and digital modes; Interfaces V11,
G703.1 (64kbps), G703.6 (2Mbps) C37.94 (optical)
 Reduced cost of ownership: modular and easy to install
 Remote management system TMS5000
46 PGCIL SEP 2011 46
Digital Teleprotection Function

47 PGCIL SEP 2011 47


GENERALITIES

1 FUNCTION

Exchange of ON/OFF informations between two different geographical


points, through a digital medium and with compliance to the following
criteria :
 Nominal transfer time
 Security
 Dependability
 DCE Data Communication Equipment

48 PGCIL SEP 2011 48


GENERALITIES
Functions Cont’d
 DTE Data Terminal Equipment
 Transfer time :
- The time between a change of transmitter input state and the
corresponding change of state at the receiver output when
there is no on-line interference or noise.
 Security :
- Ability of the equipments to avoid any restitution in absence
of information at the transmission side, even in case of
interference on the transmission support.
 Dependability :
- Capability of the equipment to restitute in the appropriate
transfer time, all the informations occuring at the
transmission side.

49 PGCIL SEP 2011 49


GENERALITIES

2 PRINCIPLE

50 PGCIL SEP 2011 50


GENERALITIES

3 APPLICATION
 The DIP 5000 is designed to comply with the electrical network
protections needs as transfer time characteristic, dependability
and security.
 However it might be used to transmit any kind of information in
ON/OFF type, like alarm, apparatus position indicator for
interlocking purpose etc...
 There are 3 defined applications selectable on the DIP 5000 as
follows :
 "Permissive" type which promotes the
dependability criteria
(for distance protections).
 "Blocking" type which promotes the transfer time
(for distance protections).
 "Direct transfer trip" type which promotes the security
criteria
(for any kind of protections).

51 PGCIL SEP 2011 51


CHARACTERISTICS

TRANSMISSION SUPPORT
The following standards for digital medium are supported :
 G703.1 64 kbps
 G703.6 2048 kbps
 V11 / X24 32 to 256 kbps

52 PGCIL SEP 2011 52


FACILITIES

 HARDWARE
 Redundant power supply (optional)
 Reset push button
 Alarm status signalling by LED and contact
 Input/Ouput command status signalling by LED and contact

53 PGCIL SEP 2011 53


FACILITIES

 SOFTWARE (using a PC terminal)


 Hardware test
 Remote configuration and test (digital)
 Possibility to lock independently or simultaneously the signal
transmission and command outputs
 Local and remote (digital) loop back
 Inputs / Outputs forcing
 transfer time directly measured in event list by clicking (digital)
 2 counters for each command (received and sent)
 Real time event recorder : 1750 events memorized (1
ms accuracy)
 Real time alarm recorder : 1750 alarms memorized (1
ms accuracy)

54 PGCIL SEP 2011 54


TELEPROTECTION MONITORING SYSTEM

 Access IP / LAN et network management

Possibility to connect the AREVA


TMS 5000 monitoring software to
monitor a DIP 5000 network alarm
status on a real time basis

Intranet network

DIP 5000 Real time monitoring


55 PGCIL SEP 2011 55