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The Fighting Cock

Xavier Keith C. Vizon


Peter Jay Z. Encomienda
Reynaldo R Vicente Jr.
Jesfer Louise Abenojar
B.S. in Electronics Engineering
Wesleyan University-Philippines

Abstract – The purpose of this research This device measures force and height of
is to help poultry farmers to raise their chickens the chicken being tested. When the user uses the
more effectively and healthy and to help device to “test” the chicken by making the
professional cockfighter raisers pick better chicken fight the device, the chicken will hit the
chicken for a cockfighting competition. This area with the FSR to measure/record the resulting
research project has an ammonia detecting device force of the hit. Subsequently it also measures the
that measures if the ammonia in a certain area is height at the moment the device was hit by the
at a dangerous level. This project also has an chicken. Additionally, this device can monitor
apparatus to measure the force of impact when a the ammonia level of an area.
chicken hits it, additionally this project can also
measure distance a chicken can reach vertically. Ammonia levels in the air as low as 5
The results of this research is gathered through parts per million (ppm) can be recognized by
experimentations and testing with actual odor. An average person detects ammonia by
chickens. The results are then further analyzed odor at around 17 ppm. According to the World
through ANOVA (Microsoft excel analysis of Health Organization (WHO), continuous
variables) and it showed that there is indeed a exposure to 25 ppm of ammonia in the air does
significant difference in force and distance not result in a significant increase in blood levels
between two chickens. This research project of ammonia in the body. According to the
device has four main parts, three of these are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
sensors which are; FSR, Ultrasonic, and ammonia (OSHA), the least amount of ammonia which is
sensor. And the part that processes the data found to be irritating to the eyes, nose and throat
gathered from these sensor, the Arduino. of the most sensitive individuals is 50 ppm.
The objectives of this research are to help
Keywords – sensor, force sensor, ultrasonic,
chicken farmers raise their chicken in a healthy
ammonia
manner by means of effective cleaning of the
chicken coop when needed, specifically to
I. INTRODUCTION
determine that time when it has to be cleaned.
Another goal for this research is to help
Power and speed. These are two of the sabungeros determine which cock fighter is the
needed skills of an individual to win in most strongest and the best to send out in the arena to
physical competition in this world. This is fight other chickens effectively. And to help
especially true in the world of cock fighting or identify which fighting style a chicken has by
“sabong”. Cock fighting or “sabong ng manok” measuring the highest distance it can reach.
is when two people pits their self-raised fighter
cocks in an arena(cockpit) specifically made for II. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
this event. In this event the owners shall have no
control over these fighters and would just hope The research aims to provide solutions to
that their fighter is good enough. But what if the following problems: 1) Research progress
there is a way to actually know if your cock is through the following stages: Developing a plan,
good enough to be fighter or even a champion. gathering of data, analyzing, designing a
This device will help determine a cock’s power, prototype, testing/experimentation. 2) How will
speed and to monitor the area where a chicken the respondents evaluate the prototype system
lives. through the following criteria: Usefulness, Ease
of Usage, Functionality, Durability, Accuracy.

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3.) Is there a significant difference on the force research. Next was objectives. Then hardware
and distance between two roosters using fifteen development. The research device was
trials? developed and innovated as needed. After the
device was fully developed and ready for use is
IV. METHODOLOGY the testing stage. Then interpretation of results.
The researchers used ANOVA (analysis of
In performing the study, several steps variables) for this. And finally the generation of
were observed and taken. The first step in conclusions with all the information gathered.
making the paper is to identify the research
problem, followed by proposing a solution. The
general objective of the study is to classify the
methods used to help chicken farmers raise their Computation Force and Height
Chicken Thrust
chicken in a healthy manner by means of Process Output
(using FSR)
effective cleaning of the chicken coop when (using Arduino) (via LCD Monitor)
needed, specifically to determine that time when
it has to be cleaned., thus leading to identifying
what ways can be done to accomplish the said
Figure 2: Conceptual Framework
objective. Fourth step is to get as many related
literature as you can as these articles are the key Figure 2 shows the conceptual
in performing the next step in completing this framework of the device. First the sensor FSR
paper. Next is to develop the hardware and ultrasonic sensor measures force and height
components which will be the main structure of as an external force (in this case chicken thrust or
kick) is exerted. Then the Arduino processes
the design. Testing have been done and results
these measurements. It will then display the
were analyzed through ANOVA.
processed information on the LCD monitor

Identify the
Propose solution
Start
Research problem

Gather input force from


the test subject (chicken)

Statement of the Calculate the gathered data


Objectives
Problem (force and height)

Are there yes


Hardware problems Troubleshoot
Testing encountered?
Development

no
Output Calculated Results
Generate (Force and Height)
Interpretation of
Conclusion and
Results
Recommendation

Figure 1: Process Flow End

Figure 1 shows the process flow of the


research. First was to identify the problem, this
served as the guideline on what the objectives of Figure 3: Process Flowchart
the research were. Second is to propose a
solution. The researchers thought of the solution Figure 3 shows the flowchart of the
on the problems then implemented it on the device. First was gathering data which were the

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force of the thrust and kick and distance (height Figure 4 shows the sensor called FSR
reached) of the test subject (chicken). After that, with a US coin as reference to its size. The 1/2"
the data is processed and calculated by the diameter round part is the sensitive bit.
Arduino and if there are no problems, the LCD
would show the accurate data.

V. MATERIALS

The researchers used a dummy cock. A


dummy cock is a fake chicken that is made up of
actual feathers in a stick. This dummy cock
already looks like a chicken, when the user
stimulates the opposing chicken to fight, it will Figure 5
react by fighting back. The researchers
assembled various sensors and other components Figure 5 shows the ultrasonic sensor used
onto this dummy cock. Such as FSR. FSRs are for the project. Ultrasonic sensor is as the name
sensors that allow you to detect physical indicates, measure distance by using ultrasonic
pressure, squeezing and weight. The researchers waves.
placed this sensor in an area where a chicken
usually hits another chicken which is around its
chest. The researchers used a 3x2 plywood so
that the chicken can hit the FSR easier. The
plywood is supported by two springs on its two
sides. Another spring is placed in the middle of
the plywood. This spring is actually the one that
hits the FSR. At the early stage of the project, the
researchers used a PCB board and weaker
springs but it was not durable as it broke after
three actual test on a fighter chicken. Figure 6

The researchers also used ultrasonic Figure 6 shows the sensor for ammonia
sensor to measure distance in height. The
detection and measurement, specifically MQ-
researchers placed this sensor at the bottom of
137. MQ137 gas sensor has high sensitivity to
the dummy cock where it is always parallel to the
ground when used. An additional feature of this ammonia. The sensor could be used to detect
device is detecting and measuring ammonia level different gas which contains Ammonia
of a certain place. The researchers used a sensor
called MQ137. The researchers decided to put
this sensor at the handle of the fighting cock as it
does not have an effect on the measurement of
force or height of the cock.
The researchers used Arduino Mega to
program all the aforementioned sensors together. Figure 7
The Arduino will then display the results of the
tests on a small LCD monitor. Figure 7 is a rough schematic diagram of
the device. The FSR measures the force. The
Sensors used for the research:
ultrasonic sensor measures height. And ammonia
sensor monitors ammonia level in the area. These
results will display in LCD monitor when the
FSR receives an impact, the results will linger on
the monitor until the FSR detects new
information or when another force is acted upon
it.

Figure 4

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VI. RESULTS

The researchers have analyzed how an


actual cock would react to a dummy cock. The
researchers then saw that the cock would react
the same way as if fighting a real one. The
researchers took advantage of this. Here are
some examples of types of fighting chickens:

Figure 10
Hatch (figure 10) are fast, terrific bucklers, hard
hitters, deadly cutters, and aggressive finishers.
Their legs reached out a mile with every stroke,
they deliver their blows with a snap and every
punch lands where it counts most. This type of
Figure 8 chicken is more effective when fighting low.

Modern Sweaters (Figure 8) are more high flying


and are faster, many coming more intelligent
than usual. Their usual characteristics like power
and gameness, though, are still there, their blows Gathering of Data
often packing a wallop. They are basically The researchers studied the results of the
medium-stationed and peacombed with some project through testing the device to multiple
coming straight combed. cock fighters. By doing this, the researchers can
know the average power and distance in height a
fighter cock can achieve.
For the average power of chicken, the
researchers test the device on two fighter chicken
of one of the researchers. The results show as:

FORCE Chicken 1 Chicken 2


Trial 1 495 412
Trial 2 394 420
Trial 3 480 398
Trial 4 512 423
Figure 9 Trial 5 466 467
Roundheads (Figure 9) are smart fighters with
Trial 6 469 415
weaving abilities or the often prized evasion trait
of side-stepping because of their natural agility. Trial 7 477 408
They are also very aggressive, and superbly fast
Trial 8 430 411
cutters. Roundheads are known to possess
devastating leg power and are characteristically Trial 9 420 409
flyers that break high.
Trial 10 398 401

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Trial 11 418 398 SUMMARY Count Sum Average Variance

Trial 12 407 389 Row 1 2 907 453.5 3444.5


Trial 13 404 388 Row 2 2 814 407 338
Row 3 2 878 439 3362
Trial 14 401 380 Row 4 2 935 467.5 3960.5
Trial 15 418 382 Row 5 2 933 466.5 0.5
Row 6 2 884 442 1458
Average 439.27 406.73
Row 7 2 885 442.5 2380.5
Table 1 Row 8 2 841 420.5 180.5
Row 9 2 829 414.5 60.5
As shown on table 1, there are a lot of
Row 10 2 799 399.5 4.5
deviation in force between different tests. This is
Row 11 2 816 408 200
why there needs to be at least fifteen tests done
Row 12 2 796 398 162
on a chicken to get its average power for more
Row 13 2 792 396 128
accurate results. The researchers used the results
Row 14 2 71 390.5 220.5
on the first tests for distance measurements as
Row 15 2 800 400 648
well. (All measurements are in mili Newton)

Column 1 15 6589 439.2667 1567.21


Column 2 15 6101 406.7333 455.066
DISTANCE Chicken 1 Chicken 2
Table 3
Trial 1 49 28
The researchers used analysis of
Trial 2 48 29 variables for the measurements of force as shown
Trial 3 50 30 in table 3. And with this the researchers
concluded that there is indeed a significant
Trial 4 49 28 difference between the force of two cockfighters.
Trial 5 47 28
Trial 6 45 29 SUMMARY Count Sum Average Variance
Trial 7 46 27
Row 1 2 77 38.5 220.5
Trial 8 45 28 Row 2 2 77 38.5 180.5
Row 3 2 80 40 200
Trial 9 46 28
Row 4 2 77 38.5 220.5
Trial 10 45 27 Row 5 2 75 37.5 180.5
Trial 11 44 27 Row 6 2 74 37 128
Row 7 2 73 36.5 180.5
Trial 12 43 26 Row 8 2 73 36.5 144.5
Trial 13 45 28 Row 9 2 74 37 162
Row 10 2 72 36 162
Trial 14 47 26 Row 11 2 71 35.5 144.5
Trial 15 44 25 Row 12 2 69 34.5 144.5
Row 13 2 73 36.5 144.5
Average 45.53 27.6 Row 14 2 73 36.5 220.5
Table 2 Row 15 2 69 34.5 180.5

In these tests, the researchers held the


Column 1 15 693 46.2 4.314286
dummy cock as high as the fighting cock in test
Column 2 15 414 27.6 1.685714
can reach. This is where the results from table 2
Table 4
came from. (All measurements are in inches)
Table 4 shows the results of the analysis
of variables for distance on two cockfighters.
The researchers observed that although the

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variations in distance is less significant than the
variations in force, the results are still different
enough to be needed to consider.

VII. CONCLUSION
In this paper, a force sensitive resistor
sensor is displayed. First its connected
equipment model has been utilized to show a
typical application of such a sensor. At last, the
estimation results acquired from the sensor
model are given. The sensor displayed the ideal
results and the model demonstrated great
correspondence with the experimental data.
Further analyses have been made and the
researchers found out that there is a significant
difference on the variables, both force and
distance, of two cockfighters

VIII. REFERENCES
[1] N. Nageshwar1, S.Gokula Krishnaa1,
S.Lakshmi Narasimhan1, M.Venkatesan1, 2017,
“Thrust measurement using Force Sensitive
Resistor”, IEEE International Conference on
Computational Intelligence and Computing
Research 2017
[2] Kalman Babkovi´c, Nagy L´aszl´o, Damir
Krkljeˇs,; ”Force Sensor with Enhanced Contact
Detection Capability”, 15th International Power
Electronics and Motion Control Conference,
EPE-PEMC 2012 ECCE Europe, Novi Sad,
Serbia 2012
[3] Matthias Kreil, Georg Ogris, Paul Lukowicz.
“Muscle Activity Evaluation using Force
Sensitive Resistors.” Proceedings of the 5th
International Workshop on Wearable and
Implantable Body Sensor Networks, in
conjunction with The 5th International Summer
School and Symposium on Medical Devices and
Biosensors The Chinese University of Hong
Kong, HKSAR, China. Jun 1-3, 2008

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