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# SRI SAIRAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

## Sixth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dec.2018 lJan.20l9

Design of Machine Elements - ll
Time:3 hrs. Max. Marks: 80
Note: l. Answer an-1: FIVE full questions, choosing one full question from eoch module.
2. Use of hand book is permitted.
００〓０に﹄

Module-1
。一

## List the assumptions made in obtaining stress equation in curved beam.

“Ｃ

(06 Marks)

〓∽

Compute the combined stresses at the inner and outer fiber inthe critical cross-section of a
に０〇一

crane hook which is required to lift loads upto 25 kN. The hook has trapezoidal cross section
“０﹄

with the parallel sides 60mm and 30mm. The distance between them being 90mm. The inner
︺０〇 一

radius of hook is 100 mm. The load line is nearer to the inner surface of the hook by 25 nrm
∽ｏ“ “０ 〓 〓”一

than the centre of curvature at the critical section. What will be the stresses at inner and
〓＞′．

outer fiber, if the beam is treated as straight beam for given load? (10 NIarks)
〇い＝ ∞＋Ｎ寸．
０ ∞ Ｃ一〓 一

OR
2 a. A cast iron cylindrical
“ Ｅ Ｏ﹄ ｏ〓一 “ｏ ∽ｏＣ 〓 ∽∽ｏ﹄ｏ 一

## pipe of outside diameter 300mm and inside dianteter 200mm is

∞ｏＦ

subjected to an internal pressure of 20 MPa and external pressure of 5 MPa. Determine the
︻ｏ一

tangential and radial stresses at inner, middle and outer surface. Also sketch the stresses

## distribution across the thickness. (08 Marks)

ＣＯ““５σｏ﹂ｏ＼０〓“﹄

b. A 440 mm outer diameter, 250mm inner diameter and 300mm long steel hub is to be shrink
on to a 250mm diameter steel shaft. If the torque is to be transmitted is 300 kNm and
p : 0.18, determine the amount of interference required. (08 Marks)
“ＣＯ∞ ”一ｏ ＞′ｏ﹂０ ＾ 〓﹄ｏ ∽一●。 Ｅ ＯＯ ・

Module-2
ｏ一

3 a.
０●一

## A belt kW from a pulley of I .2m diameter running at 250 rpm to

is required to transmit I 8.5
に＞ｏ〇一︻

another pulley which run at 500 rpm. The distance between the centres of pulley is 2.7ni.
The following data refers to open belt drive p:0.25. Safe working stress lor leather is
”０。α”´

1.75 MPa. Thickness of belt l0 mm. Determine the width and length of belt taking
centrifugal tension into account. Also find the initial tension in belt and speed at which this
ｒＯ〓”０〓〓ｃｏＯ¨

## can be transmitted. (08 lllarks)

∽﹄０ ′∽Ｃ“ 〓●０ ＾ “ 〓 “ ０一

## b. A V-beh is to transmit 20 kW from a 250 mm pitch diameter operating at

1500 rpm to a
900 mm diameter flat pulley. The centre distance between input and output shaft I m. The
:
groove angle is 40o and p 0.2 for both pulleys and shears combination. The cross section
﹂ｏ¨〓〓にｏ＞２ ＾εンヽ．

of belt is 38mm wide at the top and lgmm at bottom by 25mm deep. Each belt weighs
I I kN/m3 and allowable tension per belt is 1000 N. How many belts are required? (os wtart<s)
。 Ｅ Ｏ Ｏ Ｃ︵︶ ・︻ 一 ｏ一０

OR
4 a. A loaded narrow gauge car weighs l8 kN and moving at a velocity of 80 m/min is brought

to rest by a buffer spring of two helical springs. In bringing the car to rest the spring
undergoes a compressionof 200mm. The allorvable shear stresiis 0.3 Gpa and spring incte.i
フ＾ “Ｃ“〓 ｏ Ｏ Ｆ〓

## is 8. Solve for the dimensions of spring. Take G g4 : Gpa. (0E rllarks)

b' A semi-elliptical leaf spring is used for the suspension of the rear axle of a truck. It consists
of 2 extra full length leaves and IS graduated leaves with a band of 100 mm. The centre
to
centre distance between spring eyes is l.l m. All leaves are pre-stressed to 400
Mpa.
E : 200 GPa. The max. force on spring is 75 kN. Take rotal depth to width ratio
as 2.
Determine (i) Cross section of leaf (ii) Initial nip (iii) Load on band.
(0E tlrarks)
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SRI SAIRAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

15ME64

Module-3
5 Design a pair of spur gear 20o involute to transmit 30 kW of power at 600 rpm of pinion.
Number on teeth on pinion is I 5, transmission ratio is 5: I . Material of the p in ion is cast steel
(σ =137.34 ⅣIPa)and that ofgear is high gr〔 de eaSt irOn(σ =103 MPa.). (16 Marks)

OR‐
a. Derive an equation for formative number of teeth on bevel gear. (06 Marks)
b. Determine the module for a pair of helical gear to transmit l5 kW of power at 4000 rpm of
pinion with i:5:1. Pinion is made of 0.4% carbon steel untreated (o :69.6 MPa) and gear
is made of cast iron (o : 3l MPa). Helix angle is 20'. Number of gear teeth on. Pinion is 24.
(Gear system 20" FDI). (10 Marks)

Module-4
7 Design worm drive to transmit a power of 2 kW at 1000 rpm, i :20 l and centre distance is
200 mm. (16 Marks)

OR
8 a. Design a multi-plate clutch to transmit 25 kW at 300 rpm. The plates have friction surfaces
of steel and phosphorous bronze run on oil. Design clutch for 25oh over load. (08 Marks)
b. A simple band brake is required to transmit a torque of 100 kg-m. The brake drum diameter
is 400 mn1, p : 0.25. Find the efIort required to obtain braking in clock-wise direction.
Design the band and thc lever.Takё O=270° .[Rcfer・ 蘭giQ8(b)] (08 PIarks)

Fig.Q8(b)

Module-5
a. Derive Petroff's equation for lightly loaded bearing. (06 Marks)
b. A lightly loaded journal bearing has a load of I kN. The oil used is SAE60 and mean
effective temperature of operation is 40"C. The journal has a diameter of 50 mm and the
bearing has a diameter of 50.5mm. The speed of journal is 15000 rpm. The L/d ratio is
limited to 1.2. Determine CoF and power loss in friction. (10 Marks)

OR
10 a. Explain the principle of Hydro Dynamic lubrication. (06 Marks)
b. A spindle of a wood-working machine runs at 1000 rpm. It is mounted on two single-row
ball bearings. One of which is required to carry radial load of 2250 N and thrust load of
1900 N. The machine runs 8 hrs/day. Assuming a lifb of 4 years a spindle diameter equal to
30 mm. Select a suitable bearing. (10 Marks)

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SRI SAIRAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

USN 10PIE62

## Sixth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, Dec.2018 lJan.20l9

Design of Machine Elements - ll
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks: 100
Note: l. Answer ony FIWfull questions, selecting
ot least TWO questions from each part.
ｏＯ〓ｏ“﹄。一

## 2. Use of design data hand book is permitted.

3. Any additionol dota d required can be ossumed.
ｏＣＳ ∽● ０〇一“０﹄一 〇０ 一〓 ′ ．

la.Thecrosssectionofasteel",un.ffi*peziumwithaninnersideofl20mmand
outside 60 mm. The depth of the section is 90 mm. The load line is l5 mm away from the
・∽ｏ““Ｑ 〓Ｃ“一

centre of curvature. Determine the safe load that the hook can carry. if the allowable stress

## of90 MPa. (10 Marks)

Ｏｎ ＝ ∞＋ 銀寸 “ｏ Ｅ〇一〓﹄＞′ ∽〓〇一“コσｏ ﹄０＼ ＯＣに ■ｏ一ｏ５一

b. A thick cylinder 120 mm inner diameter and 200 mm outer diameter carries fluid under a
Ｏ ｍＣ一

pressure of 9 MPa. Find the tangential and radial stresses across the rvall and sketch the
Ｃ一

## stress distribution. (10 Marks)

““パと ｏ〓︶ 〓ｏ ∽ｏＣ〓 ∽∽ｏ■０ 一

## 2 a. A 12 mm thick flat belt is required to transmit 12 KW of power from a pulley 300 mm

diameter running at 900 rpm to another pulley to run at 500 rpm. The allowable stress for
belt material is 2.1 MPa. Coefficient of friction is 0.25 and centre distance between pulley is
1.8 m. find the width and length of belt. Also find the initial tension in the belt. (10 Marks)
b. Select a V-belt drive to transmit l8 KW at 1500 rpm to another pulley to run at 750 rpm.
●ＣＯｍ“一

(10 Marks)

3a.
０ ≧′“﹂０ 、〓一ｏ∽︻

## What is equalized stresses or Nipping in spring leaves? Explain. (06 Marks)

b. Design a helical compression spring to support an axial load of 3000 N. the deflection under
にンＯ Ｏ︼ 一

load is limited to 60 mm. The spring index is 6. The allowable shear stress of spring material
is 345 N/mm2. The modulus of rigidity is 79340 N/mm2. (r4 Marks)
“０。αｏ ．
ぅ。 日 ｏ９ ．

## It is required to transmit 25 KW of power from a shaft running at 1000 rpm to a parallel

ＣＯ““Ｏ嘔 〓 Ｃ０〇一ヽＯ “〓〓●０ンｏ﹄ ＾〓´ヽ ．
∽﹄０た′∽〓“ ﹄う０、 ∞〓〓０一

shaft with a speed reduction ratio of 2.5:1. The centre distance of the shaft is to be 300 mm.
: :
the material used for pinion is steel (oo 200 N/mm2, BHN 250) and for gear is cast iron
(oo: 180 N/mm2, BHN = 200). Considering class ll gear with tooth profile 20'full depth
involute. Design the spur gear and check for dynamic and wear load. (20 Marks)
。Ｅ ＯＯ Ｃ︵︶ ・一 一ｏ一ｏフ︻一ＣＣ〓 ００ 〓

PART _ B
A pair of 20" full depth involute teeth bevel gears connect two shafts at right angles having
velocity ratio 3:1. The gear is made of cast steel 0.20% untreated and the pinion material is

of steel C30 heat treated. The pinion has 20 number of teeth and transmits 40 KW at750
rpm. Determine the module, face width, pitch diameter. Suggest suitable surface hardness

for the gear pair. Assume width of gear face as l/3 rd of the length of pitch .on. [O = ll3l
L

(20 Marks)

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SRI SAIRAM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
10ME62
6 a. A conc clutch has a semicone angle of15° and is used to lⅢ 轟量10 KW at 1500 rpm.The
Ⅲζ
width ofthe face is one― fourth ofthe mean diameter 9f■ iO16n lining.The normal intenshy
of pressurc between contact surね ceお 0.12 MPa alllC¨ 聞こ bnt of iた tbnヽ 0.2,assumhg
uniform wear,dcsign the clutch dimcnsions.Take C40・stё el and FOS=2.5。 (lo Marks)
b. A360 mm radius brake drum contacts a singlo shle ls shOWn in FigoQ6(b)and Sustains a
power of23.5 KW at1000rpm.Determine:‐ ■_.‐
i)The nOrmal force on the shoe ‐

ii) The tangential force
iii) The operating force for clockwise rotation
iv) The operating force for counter-clockwise rotation
v) The value of distance 'c' for the brake to be self locking
vi) The rate of heat generated.

ごF夕 0

prメ 層
イニ360“ H

## a. Derivc PetronPs equatiOn for coeFlcient offrict19n‐ 1,IJOurnal bcarings. (o8Marks)

b.A75 mm Юng ‐ ζ
ttlljournaゅ 9anng Ofdhmetc■ 751● ippOrts a r■ 11110ad Of12 kN atthe
shat speed of 1800 rOvィ ,iη .Assume ratio of‐ diameter to thc diametral clearance as 1000.
The宙 scosky ofoilis 0101‐ Pas at the operating‐ mperature.DetOrmihe the following:
i) Summerfield number
ii) The coefficientof friction based on McKee's equation
iii) Amount of heat generated
iv) Power loss due to friction. (12 Marks)
●￨￨￨￨‐
8 Design a‐ o■ IPli漱 5h fOr a singlel叫 ing four strOke diesel engine,om the
fo1lowing data: ■‐￨■
"hable cast静
Ma対 mum gas prcssurc.F■ 51 MPa .‐
Fucl consumptbn=0.21g/brakc powcr"卜 w/hOur
lndた ated mean cffective pressure=0.85 MPa
‐ .
Speed=300 rpln ・
Maxirnum pcrrnissiblc tcnsion follcast iron for the dcslgn of head thickness is 30 MPa and
for piston pin."aterial is 12Q NIPa・ Bearing pressure for pも ton pin should not excccd
20 MPao Cシ lindcr borc diamctさ 「 ヽ300 mm and length of stroke is 450 mmo Assume any
further data required of the design. (20 ⅣIarks)

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SHIRDI SAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE
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USN

## Sixth Semester B.E. Degree Examination, December 2010

Design of Machine Elements - II
Time: 3 hrs. Max. Marks:l00
Note: 1. Answer any FIVEfull questions, selecting at least TWO questionsfrom each part.
2. Use of design data handbook is permitted.
3. Missing data, if any, may suitably be assumed with justification.
PART-A
1 a. Derive an expression for normal stresses due to bending at the extreme fibres on the cross
section of a curved machine member. (08 Marks)
b. Determine the value of 't' in the cross section of a curved machine member shown in
Fig.l (b), so that the normal stresses due to bending at extreme fibres are numerically equal.
Also determine the normal stresses so induced at extreme fibres due to a bending moment of
10 kN-m. (12 Marks)

Fig.l(b).
T
t
I,i-
1 '-H:: 0; C\,I'(vqiu'fe.

1 _ \
L,~~-i-'50~I
\- "'''1

## 2 a. A cast steel cylinder of 350 mm inside diameter is to contain liquid at a pressure of

13.5 N/mm2. It is closed at both ends by flat cover plates which are made of alloy steel and
are attached by bolts.
i) Determine the wall thickness of the cylinder, if the maximum hoop stress in the
material is limited to 55 MPa.
ii) Calculate the minimum thickness necessary of the cover plates it the working stress IS
not to exceed 65 MPa. (08 Marks)
b. A shrink fit assembly, formed by shrinking one cylinder over another, is subjected to an
external pressure of 60 N/mm2. Before the fluid is admitted, the internal and external
diameters of the assembly are 120 mm and 200 mm respectively and the diameter at the
junction is 160 mm. If after shrinking on, the contact pressure at the junction is 8 Nzmm'',
determine using Lame's equations, the stresses at inner, mating and outer surfaces of the
assembly after the fluid has been admitted. (12 Marks)

3 a. A semi elliptical laminated spring has effective length of 1 m. The spring has to sustain a
load of 75 kN. The spring has 3 full length leaves and 16 graduated leaves. If the leaves are
prestressed such that the stress induced in all the leaves is same and are limited to 400 MPa,
when maximum load is applied. The width of the leaves is 9. times the thickness. Assume
E = 200 GPa. Determine:
o
i) The width and thickness of the leaves.
(5
z ii) The initial space that has to be provided between full length leaves and the graduated
§ . leaves before the band is applied.
t:: iii) Load on the clip to close the initial gap. (10 Marks)
o
Po.
.§ b. A load of 2 kN is dropped axially on a close coiled helical spring from a height of 250 mm .
The spring has 20 effective turns and it is made of 25 mm diameter wire. The spring index is
8. Find the maximum shear stress induced in the spring and the amount of compression
produced. Take G = 82.7GPa. (10 Marks)
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06ME61

4 a. State the.advantages of gear drives when compared to chain or belt drives. (04 Marks)
b. Design-a-helical gear pair to transmit a power of 15 kW from a shaft rotating at 1000 rpm to
anothen shaft to be run at 360 rpm. Assume involute profile with a pressure angle of 20°. The
material! fov pinion is forged steel SAE 1030 whose ao = 172.375 MPa and the material for
the gearr is, cast steel 0.20% C untreated with ao = 137.34 MPa. The gears operate under a
condition 0f medium shocks for a period of 10 hrs per day. Check for dynamic load, if load
factor C=S-80 N/mm and also for wear load. (16 Marks)

PART-B

5 Design a pair of bevel gears to connect two shafts at 60°. The power transmitted is 25 kW at
900 rpm of pinion. The reduction ratio desired is 5: 1. The teeth are 20° full depth involute
and pinion has 24 teeth. Check the design for dynamic and wear considerations. (20 Marks)

6 a. Design a single plate clutch having both sides effective form the following data:
Power transmitted = 30 kW; speed of shaft = 1500 rpm;
Allowable lining pressure = 0.147 MPa;
Maximum diameter of clutch = 300 mm; service factor = 1.5;
Number of springs = 9;
Compression of spring during engagement = 2.5 mm. (12 Marks)
b. Determine the torque that may be resisted by the single block brake shown in Fig.6(b) below
for a coefficient of friction 0.3. (08 Marks)

Fig.6(b).

I
7 a. Explain mechanism of hydrodynamic journal bearing. (04 Marks)
b. A full journal bearing 50 mm in diameter and 50 mm long operates at 1000 rpm and carries
a load 5 kN. The radial clearance is 0.025 mm. The bearing is lubricated with SAE 30 oil
and the operating temperature of oil is 80°C. Assume the attitude angle as 60°, determine:
i) Bearing pressure; ii) Sommerfeld number; iii) Attitude; iv) Minimum film thickness;
v) Heat generated ; vi) Heat dissipated if the ambient temperature is 20°C and
vii) Amount of artificial cooling if necessary. Use McKnee' s and Pederson's equations.
(16 Marks)

8 a. A 25 mm 6 x 37 steel wire rope is used in a mine of 80 m deep. The velocity of the cage is
2 mlsec, and the time required to accelerate the cage to the desired velocity is 10 sees. The
diameter of the drum is 1.25 m. Determine the safe load that the hoist can handle by
assuming a factor of safety as 8. Neglect the impact load on the rope. (12 Marks)
b. A leather belt 125 mrn wide and 6 mm thick, transmits power from a pulley 750 mm
diameter which runs at 500 rpm. The angle of the lap is 150° and the coefficient of friction
between the belt and the pulley is 0.3. If the belt density is 1000 kg/m ' and the stress in the
belt is not to exceed 2.75 Nzmnr', find the power that can be transmitted by the belt. Also
find the initial tension in the belt. (08 Marks)

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