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NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS

FOR
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
TECHNICIAN
(NC2, NC3)

Department of Occupational Standards


Ministry of Labour and Human Resources
Thimphu, Bhutan.
(September, 2015)
NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS
FOR
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING
TECHNICIAN
(NC2, NC3)

Department of Occupational Standards


Ministry of Labour and Human Resources
Thimphu, Bhutan.
(September, 2015)
First Publication 2015
© Department of Occupational Standards (DOS)
FOREWORD

The Department of Occupational Standards of the Ministry of Labour and


Human Resources is pleased to present the National Competency Standards
(NCSs) for Refrigeration and air conditioning technician. The standards
represent the fruits of hard work and invaluable experiences gained by the
department since its establishment in the latter half of 2003. The main aim of
developing NCS is to set up a well-defined nationally recognized Vocational
Qualification System that will help set a benchmark for the Technical
Vocational Education and Training (TVET) System in our country aligned to
international best practices.

NCS is one of the base pillars in the Bhutan Vocational Qualification


Framework (BVQF) and is the first step in its implementation. The NCS are
developed and revised to ensure that employees or vocational graduates
possess and acquire the desired competencies required by industries and
employers. In order to ensure this close match in supply and demand of
competencies, NCS have been developed and revised in close consultation
and partnership with industry experts and validated by the Technical Advisory
Committees of the concerned economic sectors.

A vocational education and training system based on NCS shall ensure that
delivered training is of a high quality and relevant to the needs of the labour
market. As a result, future TVET graduates will be better equipped to meet the
need and expectations of industries and employers. This positive impact on
the employability of TVET graduates will enhance the reputation of vocational
education and training and make it attractive to school leavers.

I gratefully acknowledge collaboration and the valuable contributions made by


experts from industries during the consultation and validation processes of the
standards. I look forward for continued engagement and participation of the
industry and employers in the development of a quality assured demand
driven TVET system and to build competent and productive national workforce
that will contribute to the continued socio-economic progress of our country.

Director
Department of Occupational Standards
Ministry of Labour and Human Resources
i
INTRODUCTION

A. National Competency Standards (NCS)

The National Competency Standards specify the skill, knowledge and attitudes
applied to a particular occupation. Standards also specify the standards or
criteria of performance of a competent worker and the various contexts in
which work may take place. Standards provide explicit advice to assessors
regarding the skill and knowledge to be demonstrated by candidates seeking
formal recognition either following training or through work experience.

Purpose of National Competency Standards

National Competency Standards serve a number of purposes including:


 Providing advice to curriculum developers about the competencies to be
included in curriculum.
 Providing specifications to assessment resource developers about the
competencies within an occupation to be demonstrated by candidates.
 Providing advice to industry/employers about job functions, which in turn
can be used for the development of job descriptions, performance
appraisal systems and work flow analysis.

ii
B. Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework (BVQF)

Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework is an agreed system of


Assessing, Certifying and Monitoring nationally recognized qualifications for all
learning in the TVET sector against national competency standards, in training
institutions, in the workplace, in schools or anywhere where learning takes
place.

Components of the Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework (BVQF)

NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS

COMPETENCY BASED
CURRICULUM
ASSESSMENT
RESOURCES

ACCREDITED TRAINING
PROGRAMME

*RPL
COMPETENCY BASED ASSESSMENT WORKERS FROM
WORK PLACE

NATIONAL CERTIFICATION

CERTIFIED SKILLED WORKER

INDUSTRY / LABOUR MARKET

* RPL = Recognition of Prior Learning

iii
BVQF Levels

The Bhutan Vocational Qualifications Framework has three levels classified


based on the competency of the skilled workers. The three levels are:

 National Certificate Level 3 (NC III)


 National Certificate Level 2 (NC II)
 National Certificate Level 1 (NC I)

BVQF Level Descriptors

The qualification levels are decided based on level descriptors. The detail of
the qualification level descriptor is as follows:

National Certificate Level 1


Carry out processes Learning demand: Responsibilities which
that: are applied:

 Are narrow in range.  Basic operational  In directed activity.


knowledge and skill.
 Are established and  Under general
familiar.  Utilization of basic supervision and quality
available information. control.
 Offer a clear choice of
routine responses.  Known solutions to  With some responsibility
familiar problems. for quantity and quality.
 Involve some
prioritizing of tasks  Little generation of  With no responsibility for
from known solutions. new ideas. guiding others.

iv
National Certificate Level 2
Carry out processes Learning demand: Responsibilities which
that: are applied:
 Require a range of  Some relevant  In directed activity with
well-developed skills. theoretical knowledge. some autonomy.
 Offer a significant  Interpretation of  Under general
choice of procedures available information. supervision and quality
requiring checking.
prioritization.  Discretion and
judgments.  With significant
 Are employed within responsibility for the
a range of familiar  A range of known quantity and quality of
context. responses to familiar output.
problems
 With some possible
responsibility for the
output of others.

National Certificate Level 3


Carry out processes Learning demand: Responsibilities which
that: are applied:
 Requires a wide  A broad knowledge  In self–directed activity.
range of technical or base which
scholastic skills. incorporates some  Under broad guidance
theoretical concepts. and evaluation.
 Offer a considerable
choice of procedures  Analytical interpretation  With complete
requiring prioritization of information. responsibility for quantity
to achieve optimum and quality of output.
outcomes.  Informed judgment.
 With possible
 Are employed in a  A range of sometimes responsibility for the
variety of familiar and innovative responses output of others.
unfamiliar contexts. to concrete but often
unfamiliar problems.

v
PURPOSE

This suite of two qualifications is designed for people interested in a career as


a refrigeration and air conditioning technician.

The first of the two qualifications is the National Certificate Level 2 in


refrigeration and air conditioning. The Level 2 qualification recognizes the
skills and knowledge required for people working as a skilled refrigeration and
air conditioning technician at the workplace.

The qualification comprises of three units of Competency Standards that cover


the essential knowledge and skills required in performing servicing of domestic
refrigerator, installation and servicing of split type air conditioner.

The National Certificate Level 2 in refrigeration and air conditioning prepares


technicians for entry into further qualifications and is a prerequisite for entry
into the National Certificate Level 3.

The National Certificate Level 3 in refrigeration and air conditioning is currently


the final achievement in this qualification pathway. Candidates wishing to be
admitted into training should hold the National Certificate Level 2 in
refrigeration and air conditioning.

The Level 3 qualification recognizes the competencies required to work as


highly skilled refrigeration and air conditioning technicians. This qualification
includes three units of Competency that covers the skills and knowledge
required in performing servicing of commercial refrigeration plant, servicing of
central air condition plant and servicing of package type air conditioning units.

A diagram of the qualification pathway provided by these two National


Certificates is as follows.

vi
PACKAGING OF QUALIFICATIONS FOR REFRIGERATION AND AIR
CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN

The National competency standard for the refrigeration and air conditioning
comprises of six units of competencies, which are clustered into two
qualification levels as shown below:

National Certificate Level 3

Perform servicing of package type air condition units (7127-U6-L3)

Perform servicing of central air condition plant (7127-U5-L3)

Perform servicing of commercial refrigeration plant (7127-U4-L3)

National Certificate Level 2

Perform servicing of split type air conditioner (7127-U3-L2)

Perform installation of split type air conditioner (7127-U2-L2)

Perform servicing of domestic refrigerator (7127-U1-L2)

ENTRY

vii
CODING USED FOR NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS

The coding and classification system developed in Bhutan is logical, easy to


use, and also aligned with international best practises. The Bhutanese coding
and classification system is based on the International Standard Classification
of Occupations, 2008 (ISCO-08) developed by the International Labour
Organisation (ILO).

The coding of the national competency standards forms the basis of the
identification code for the Vocational Education and Training Management
Information System (VET – MIS) both in terms of economic sector
identification and that of the individual standard.
Coding the individual units of competency standard is to identify the level in
qualification packages to which it belongs.

While packaging, in order to follow a logical order, only competency standards


related to each other and following a logical sequence in terms of training
delivery, from the simple to the complex, are clustered into a qualification
packages.

The ILO assigns the code 7127 to the occupation of Air conditioning and
refrigeration mechanics. Therefore, in the Bhutan context, the occupation Air
conditioning and refrigeration technician has been assigned the code 7127 in
the National Coding System. The first unit is assigned the code U1, the first
Unit of Competency Standard clustered into the first qualification is designated
the code 7127-U1. Levels are assigned the code L and follow a logical
progression from the National Certificate Level 1 (NC I) to the National
Certificate Level 3 (NC 3). Therefore the National Certificate Level 2 is
assigned the code L2. The complete unit code will be 7127-U1-L2.

viii
Implementation and Operational Procedures for National Competency
Standards (MoLHR)

National Competency Standards (DOS and


industry experts)

National Qualification (assigned by DOS)

Program Design

Program Registration and Accreditation

Program Implementation (Training Providers)

National Assessment (DOS)

Certification (DOS)

Key:

MoLHR – Ministry of Labour and Human Resources


DOS – Department of Occupational Standards

ix
NATIONAL COMPETENCY STANDARDS FOR REFRIGERATION
AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN
th
Validation date : 11 September 2015.
st
Endorsement date : 1 September 2015.
st
Date of Review : 1 September 2018 (Max. 3 years).

Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) members for the Manufacturing


Sector involved in the validation of the NCS:

1. D S Tamang (TAC Chairman), Dy. Manager, Druk Wang Alloys


Limited, Pasakha.
2. B B Rai, Sr. Manager, Bhutan Fruit Product Private Limited, Samtse.
3. Kinzang Namgyel, Dy. Chief Engineer, Penden Cement Authority
Limited, Gomtu.
4. Chorten Dorji, Manager, Bhutan Ferro Alloys Limited, Pasakha.
5. Subash Gurung, Executive Engineer, Bhutan Carbide & Chemicals
Limited, Pasakha.
6. G S Rai, Manager, Bhutan Board Product Limited, Tala.
7. Karma Dorji, Programme Officer, Training and Professional Services
Division, Department of Human Resources, MoLHR, Thimphu.
8. Karma Loday (TAC Member Secretary), Chief Programme Officer,
Standards and Qualification Division, Department of Occupational
Standards, MoLHR, Thimphu.

x
Subject experts (RAC Technicians) involved during the consultation
workshop to develop the NCS:

1. Bhuktiman Rai, Bhutan Brewery Private Limited, Pasakha.


2. Keshab Phuyel, Bhutan Carbide & Chemicals Limited, Pasakha
3. Palden Lama, Dolma Enterprise, Phuntsholing
4. Sapan Pee, Dolma Enterprise, Phuntsholing
5. Arun Kumar, Dolma Enterprise, Phuntsholing
6. Pushpalal, Bhutan Fruit Product Limited, Samtse.
7. Purna Bdr. Tamang, Food Corporation of Bhutan, Phuntsholing
8. Pema tshering, Food Corporation of Bhutan, Phuntsholing
9. Kinley Gyentshen, TPSD, DHR, MoLHR, Thimphu.

1. Tshewang, Senior Programme Officer (Facilitator),


Department of Occupational Standards (DOS), MoLHR, Thimphu.

xi
TABLE OF CONTENTS – COMPETENCY STANDARDS FOR
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN

NATIONAL CERTIFICATE – LEVEL 2

UNIT TITLE ELEMENTS OF COMPETENCE PAGE

Perform servicing 1. Prepare for servicing work


of domestic 2. Service domestic refrigerator 1
refrigerator
3. Conduct test

Perform 1. Prepare for installation work


installation of 2. Install split type air conditioner 5
split type air
conditioner 3. Conduct test

Perform servicing 1. Prepare for servicing work


of split type air 2. Service split type air conditioner 8
conditioner
3. Conduct test

NATIONAL CERTIFICATE – LEVEL 3

UNIT TITLE ELEMENTS OF COMPETENCE PAGE

Perform servicing 1. Prepare for servicing work


of commercial 2. Service refrigeration plant 13
refrigeration plant
3. Conduct test

Perform servicing 1. Prepare for servicing work


of central air 2. Service central air condition plant 17
condition plant
3. Conduct test

Perform servicing 1. Prepare for servicing work


of package type 2. Service package type air conditioning
air conditioning 21
units
units
3. Conduct test

xii
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN
COMPETENCY STANDARDS
FOR
NATIONAL CERTIFICATE LEVEL 2 (NC 2)

UNIT TITLE ELEMENTS OF COMPETENCE

Perform servicing of 1. Prepare for servicing work


domestic 2. Service domestic refrigerator
refrigerator
3. Conduct test

Perform installation 1. Prepare for installation work


of split type air 2. Install split type air conditioner
conditioner
3. Conduct test

Perform servicing of 1. Prepare for servicing work


split type air 2. Service split type air conditioner
conditioner
3. Conduct test

xiii
UNIT TITLE : Perform servicing of domestic refrigerator

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required to service


domestic refrigerators that are of frost free and direct
cooling type. These competencies can also be
applicable for the servicing of deep freezer.

CODE : 7127-U1-L2

ELEMENTS OF
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per
servicing work the job requirements.
1.2 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.
1.3 Select and use personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job requirements

2. Service 2.1 Troubleshoot to identify the faults following


domestic standards procedures.
refrigerator
2.2 Estimate the cost of service following
standard procedures.
2.3 Repair the faulty electrical and mechanical
components as per the job requirements
following standard procedures.
2.4 Replace the electrical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.5 Replace the mechanical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.6 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following
standard procedures in accordance with
relevant rules and regulations.

3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the refrigerator for proper functioning


following standard procedures.

1
3.2 Maintain records / documents as per the job
requirements.
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Screw driver set  Charging meter
 Multi meter  Pressure meter
 Pliers  Tester
 Allen key set  Blow lamp
 Vacuum pump
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Hang gloves  Safety shoes
 Workshop dress
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Brazing rod  Copper tube / wire
 Refrigerant  Anti moist
Faults may include but not limited to:
 Electrical faults  Mechanical faults
Electrical components may include but not limited to:
 Thermostat  Over load protector
 Fuse  Capacitors
 Relay  Timers
 Door switch
Mechanical components may include but not limited to:
 Evaporator  Strainer
 Condenser  Tubes
 Compressor
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Current
 Leakage  Auto system test
Records / documents may include but not limited to:
 Maintenance / service records  Bills
 Job / history cards

2
ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be accessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstration of occupational health and safety practices at
workplace
 Troubleshooting and rectifying the faults following standards
procedures
 Discharging and charging the refrigerant following standard
procedures in accordance with relevant rules and regulations

UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Working principal of  Team work


refrigeration system  Communication
 Estimation and costing  Negotiation
 Market rates  Handling of tools and equipment
 Environment rules and  Brazing

3
regulations
 Waste prevention and
management act
 OHS
 Types of refrigerant
 Basic electrical
 Basic thermo dynamics

4
UNIT TITLE : Perform installation of split type air conditioner

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required to prepare


layout, install split type air conditioner and then to
conduct test for proper functioning.

CODE : 7127-U2-L2

ELEMENTS OF
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per
installation the job requirements.
work
1.2 Select and use Personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job requirements.
1.3 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.

2. Install split 2.1 Determine the capacity and number of AC


type AC following standards procedures / as per the job
requirements.
2.2 Prepare layout for the installation following
standard procedures as per the job
requirements.
2.3 Lay wires following standard procedures as
per the job requirements.
2.4 Install indoor air condition units following
standard procedures.
2.5 Install outdoor air condition units following
standard procedures.
2.6 Provide connections following standard
procedures.

3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the installation for proper functioning


following standard procedures.
3.2 Maintain records / documents as per the job
requirements.

5
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Drill machine  Flaring tools
 Pipe cutter  Charging meter
 Screw driver set  Pressure meter
 Multi meter  Tester
 Pliers  Blow lamp
 Allen key set
 Vacuum pump
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Gloves  Workshop dress
 Safety shoes  Mask
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Wires  Tubes
 Refrigerant  Dry nitrogen gas
Connections for may include but not limited to:
 Tube  Electrical
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Leakage
Records / documents may include but not limited to:
 Installation record  Bills

ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be accessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).

6
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstrate compliance with safety regulation applicable to work site
operation.
 Installation of indoor and outdoor air condition units as per the
manufacturers specification following standard procedures
 Conducting of leakage test following standard procedures.

UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Occupational Health and Safety  Interpreting manufacturer’s


(OHS) Regulations manual / specifications
 Basic electronic components  Safe use of tools and equipment
 Waste prevention &
 Team Work
management act
 Estimation and costing  Communication

 Types and uses of personal  Interpersonal relationship


protective equipment  Problem solving
 Familiarity with manufacturer’s  Drilling
operation manuals and
 Flaring and swaging
specifications
 Brazing
 Types of AC
 Working principle of AC
 Basic electrical connections
 Environment hazards

7
UNIT TITLE : Perform servicing of split type air conditioner

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required to


troubleshoot and to service split type air conditioners.
It also covers the competencies required in testing it
for proper functioning.

CODE : 7127-U3-L2

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMANCE CRITERIA


COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per
servicing the job requirements.
work.
1.2 Select and use personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job requirements.
1.3 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.

2. Service split 2.1 Troubleshoot to identify the faults following


type Air standards procedures.
conditioner.
2.2 Estimate the cost of service following standard
procedures.
2.3 Repair the faulty electrical and mechanical
components as per the job requirements
following standard procedures.
2.4 Replace the electrical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.5 Replace the mechanical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.6 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following
standard procedures in accordance with
relevant rules and regulations.

3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the air conditioner for proper functioning
following standard procedures.

8
3.2 Maintain records / document as per the job
requirements.
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Gloves  Workshop dress
 Safety shoes
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Screw driver set  Charging meter
 Multi meter  Pressure meter
 Pliers  Tester
 Allen key set  Blow lamp
 Vacuum pump
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Wires  Tubes
Faults may include but not limited to:
 Electrical  Mechanical
Electrical components may include but not limited to:
 Thermostat  Capacitors
 Fuse  Timers
 Relay  Power circuit board
 Over load protector  Transformer
Mechanical components may include but not limited to:
 Evaporator  Strainer
 Condenser  Tubes
 Compressor  Blower
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Leakage
Records / documents may include but not limited to:
 Maintenance / service record  Bills
 Job card

9
ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be assessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstrating compliance with safety regulation applicable to work site
operation.
 Troubleshooting and rectifying the faults following standards
procedures
 Discharging and charging the refrigerant following standard procedures
in accordance with relevant rules and regulations

UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Occupational Health & Safety  Interpreting manufacturer’s


operation manual, information
 Basic electronics components and instructions
 Basic First Aid  Safe use of tools
 Types and uses of personal  Team Work
protective equipment

10
 Familiarity with manufacturer’s  Communication
operation manuals and
specifications  Interpersonal relationship

 Positive work values  Problem solving

 Estimation  Tube cutting

 Basic electrical connections  Brazing

 Working principal of AC  Swaging and flaring

 Types of AC  Service mobile air conditioning


(MAC) system
 Working principal and
components of mobile air
conditioning (MAC) system
 Types of refrigerant
 Environment hazards
 Waste prevention and
management act

11
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN
COMPETENCY STANDARDS
FOR
NATIONAL CERTIFICATE LEVEL 3 (NC 3)

UNIT TITLE ELEMENTS OF COMPETENCE

Perform servicing of 1. Prepare for servicing work


commercial 2. Service refrigeration plant
refrigeration plant
3. Conduct test

Perform servicing of 1. Prepare for servicing work


central air condition 2. Service central air condition plant
plant
3. Conduct test

Perform servicing of 1. Prepare for servicing work


package type air 2. Service package type air conditioning units
conditioning units
3. Conduct test

12
UNIT TITLE : Perform servicing of commercial refrigeration
plant

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required to identify


the faults in commercial refrigeration plant and then to
service following all safety procedures at work place

CODE : 7127-U4-L3

ELEMENTS OF
PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per
servicing work the job requirements.
1.2 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.
1.3 Select and use personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job
requirements.

2. Service 2.1 Troubleshoot to identify the faults following


refrigeration standards procedures.
plant
2.2 Estimate the cost of service following standard
procedures.
2.3 Repair the faulty electrical and mechanical
components of refrigeration plant as per the
job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.4 Replace the electrical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.5 Replace the mechanical components as per
the job requirements following standard
procedures.
2.6 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following
standard procedures in accordance with
relevant rules and regulations.

13
3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the refrigeration plant for proper
functioning following standard procedures.
3.2 Maintain records / documents as per the job
requirements.
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Mask  Safety shoes
 Gloves  Company dress
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Tubes
 Wires
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Screw driver set  Charging meter
 Multi meter  Pressure meter
 Pliers  Tester
 Allen key set  Blow lamp
 Vacuum pump
Faults may include but not limited to:
 Electrical  Mechanical
Electrical components may include but not limited to:
 Thermostat  Capacitors
 Fuse  Timers
 Relay  Panel board
 Over load protector  Motors
 Sensors  Connections
Mechanical components may include but not limited to:
 Evaporator  Blower
 Condenser  Belts
 Compressor  Oil separator
 Strainer  Receiver tank
 Tubes  Cooling system
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Humidity
 Leakage

14
Records / documents may include but not limited to:
 Maintenance / service record  Bills
 Job card

ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be accessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstrating compliance with safety regulation applicable to work site
operation.
 Troubleshooting and rectifying the faults following standards
procedures
 Discharging and charging the refrigerant following standard procedures
in accordance with relevant rules and regulations

15
UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Occupational Health and Safety  Interpretation manufacturers


(OHS) Regulations manuals and specifications
 Working principal of refrigeration  Safe use of tools and equipment
plant
 Team Work
 Types of refrigeration plant
 Basic First Aid  Communication

 Types and uses of personal  Interpersonal relationship


protective equipment  Problem solving
 Familiarity with manufacturer’s  Tube cutting
installation manuals and
 Brazing
specifications
 Swaging and flaring
 Estimation and costing
 Types of refrigerants
 Environment hazards
 Waste prevention and
management act

16
UNIT TITLE : Perform servicing of central air condition plant

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required to install a


ensuring safety at all times of operation.

CODE : 7127-U5-L3

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMANCE CRITERIA


COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per the
servicing job requirements.
work.
1.2 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.
1.3 Select and use personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job requirements.

2. Service 2.1 Troubleshoot the faults following standards


central air procedures.
condition
2.2 Estimate cost for the service in accordance with
plant
standard procedures.
2.3 Clean / top up / adjust the parts / components
as per the job requirement following standard
procedures.
2.4 Repair faulty components as per the job
requirements following standard procedures.
2.5 Replace faulty mechanical components
following standard procedures as per the job
requirements.
2.6 Replace faulty electrical components following
standard procedures.
2.7 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following
standard procedures in accordance with
relevant rules and regulations.

3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the plant following standard procedures.


3.2 Document the required documents as per the
job requirements.

17
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Screw driver set  Charging meter
 Multi meter  Pressure meter
 Pliers  Tester
 Allen key set  Blow lamp
 Vacuum pump
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Wires  Tubes
 Refrigerant  Glass wool (insulation)
 Wire mesh
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Goggles  Gloves
 Mask safety shoes  Workshop dress
Faults may include but not limited to:
 Electrical  Mechanical
Electrical components may include but not limited to:
 Contactor assembly  Relays
 Over load protector  Solenoids
 Motors  Heater
 Capacitors  Electrical circuit
 Thermostat  Oil pressure cut / switch
Mechanical components may include but not limited to:
 Compressor  Oil separator
 Evaporator  Chiller
 Condenser  Water pump
 Filter drier  Cooling tower
 Valves  Air handling unit
 V-belts  Filters
 AC duct  Moisture separator
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Leakage
Records / documents may include but not limited to:
 Maintenance / service record  Bills
 Job cards

18
ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be assessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstrating compliance with safety regulation applicable to work site
operation.
 Troubleshooting and rectifying the faults following standards
procedures
 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following standard procedures in
accordance with relevant rules and regulations

UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Working principal of central AC  Interpreting of manufacturer’s


plant manual and specifications
 Occupational Health and Safety  Safe use of tools and equipment
(OHS) Regulations
 Team Work
 Basic First Aid
 Communication

19
 Troubleshooting procedures  Interpersonal relationship
 Types and uses of personal  Problem solving
protective equipment
 Cutting
 Familiarity with manufacturer’s
installation manuals and  Brazing
specifications  Swaging and flaring
 Basic electrical controls and
connections
 Estimation and costing
 Installation procedures
 Environment hazards
 Waste prevention and
management act

20
UNIT TITLE : Perform servicing of package type air conditioning
units

DESCRIPTOR : This unit covers the competencies required identify the


faults in package type air conditioning units and then to
service it ensuring safety at all times of operations.

CODE : 7127-U6-L3

ELEMENTS OF PERFORMANCE CRITERIA


COMPETENCE

1. Prepare for 1.1 Select and use tools and equipment as per the
servicing job requirements.
work
1.2 Select and use materials as per the job
requirements.
1.3 Select and use Personal protective
equipment (PPE) as per the job requirements.

2. Service 2.1 Troubleshoot the faults following standards


package air procedures.
conditioning
2.2 Estimate cost for the service in accordance with
unit
standard procedures.
2.3 Repair electrical and mechanical components
as per the job requirement following standard
procedures.
2.4 Replace faulty mechanical components
following standard procedures as per the job
requirements.
2.5 Replace faulty electrical components following
standard procedures.
2.6 Discharge and charge the refrigerant following
standard procedures in accordance with
relevant rules and regulations.

3. Conduct test 3.1 Test the refrigeration plant following standard


procedures.
3.2 Document the required documents as per the
job requirements.
21
3.3 Store materials and clean the workplace
following standard procedures.

RANGE STATEMENT
Tools and equipment may include but not limited to:
 Screw driver set  Charging meter
 Multi meter  Pressure meter
 Pliers  Tester
 Allen key set  Blow lamp
 Vacuum pump
Materials may include but not limited to:
 Wires  Tubes
Personal protective equipment (PPE) may include but not limited to:
 Helmet  Safety shoes
 Goggles  Gloves
 Mask  Workshop dress
 Ear muff
Faults may include but not limited to:
 Electrical  Mechanical
Electrical components may include but not limited to:
 Contactor assembly,  Relays
 Over load protector  Solenoids
 Motors  Heater
 Capacitors  Electrical circuit
 Thermostat  Fuses
Mechanical components may include but not limited to:
 Compressor  Water pump
 Evaporator  Cooling tower
 Condenser  Filters
 Filter drier  V-belts
 Valves  Duct
 Blower fan  Grill
Test may include but not limited to:
 Cooling  Flow
 Leakage
Records / document may include but not limited to:
 Service / maintenance record  Bills
 Job card

22
ASSESSMENT GUIDE

Form of assessment
 Continuous assessment together with collected evidence of
performance will be used.
 Evidence of the performance shall be based on practical
demonstration.
 Knowledge can be assessed through diagrams, in writing or orally
(viva-voce).
Assessment context
 Competency may be assessed in the actual work place or in a
simulated workplace setting.
Assessment condition
 The candidate shall have access to all required tools, equipment,
materials and documents.
 The candidate must complete the assessment in industry accepted time
frame.
Critical aspects
 Demonstrating compliance with safety regulation applicable to work site
operation.
 Troubleshooting and rectifying the faults following standards
procedures
 Discharging and charging the refrigerant following standard procedures
in accordance with relevant rules and regulations

UNDERPINNING KNOWLEDGE UNDERPINNING SKILLS

 Working principal of package  Interpreting manufacturer’s


type air conditioner manual and specifications
 Functions of the components /  Safe use of tools
units
 Team Work
 Occupational Health and Safety
 Communication

23
(OHS) Regulations  Interpersonal relationship
 Basic knowledge of electronic  Problem solving
components
 Brazing
 Basic First Aid
 Monitoring procedures  Cutting

 Troubleshooting procedures  Swaging and flaring

 Familiarity with manufacturer’s


manuals and specifications
 Installation procedures
 Environment rules and
regulations
 Environment hazards
 Waste prevention and
management act

24
Department of Occupational Standards
Ministry of Labour & Human Resources
Thongsel Lam, Lower Motithang
P.O. Box 1036, Thimphu.
Tel: 02-331611, Fax: 02-326873
www.molhr.gov.bt