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Alcatel 9600 LSY

STM-1/0 LONG HAUL DRRS

4.0 - 4.7 - 6.2 - 6.7 - 7 - 8 – 10 - 11 - 13 GHz

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 October 2004


Contents

Page

1 Introduction ......................................................... 3

2 Application .......................................................... 4

3 9600 LSY Family Key Success Factor.................... 5

4 General System Description ................................ 7


4.1 Station Types ....................................................... 7
4.2 Configurations .................................................... 8
4.3 Modulation type ................................................ 11
4.4 Frequency reuse ................................................ 11
4.5 Bit rate capacity ................................................. 12
4.6 Protection.......................................................... 12
4.7 User interfaces .................................................. 13
4.8 Auxiliary Service Channels ................................. 14

5 Operating and maintenance features .............. 15


5.1 TMN platform ................................................... 15
5.2 System Controller Management.......................... 15
5.3 Maintenance policy............................................ 17
5.4 Installation and commissioning .......................... 17

6 Standard Multichannel System Architecture ..... 18


6.1 Transceiver assembly ......................................... 19
6.2 Baseband - Modem subrack............................... 21
6.3 Branching ......................................................... 28
6.4 Top Rack Unit (T.R.U.)........................................ 28

7 Compact System Architecture ......................... 29

8 Technical Characteristics ................................... 33

9 Glossary............................................................. 39

2 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


1 Introduction
The 9600 LSY digital radio relay system belongs to the
second generation of the Alcatel SDH (Synchronous Digital
Hierarchy) radio family that has been developed aiming to
match the demand of high quality microwave transmission
links and following the SDH standards defined by
International Organizations as ITU-T, ITU-R and ETSI.
Special attention concerning the network management
standards and its integration into a SDH based network has
been paid.
Big efforts have been done to expand as much as possible the
versatility of the new radio family and the full compatibility
with the optical systems to ensure the utilization of the radio
media as natural complement to the optical fiber
transmission.
A 9600 LSY radio system can be in fact utilised either with
multiplex section termination (MST) or regenerator section
termination (RST) functionality, can be used for optical loop
closures or for fiber optic back-up, for spurs or for backbone
links and, in general, in all the network interconnections
where the advantages due to an easy installation, a
bringing-to-service operations and time and cost saving
solution are requested.
The family supports radio transmission of STM-0 (51 Mbps)
and STM-1 (155 Mbps) signals as well STM-4 (622 Mbps) or
STM-16 (2.4 Gbps) connections, using a proper number of
radio frequency channels in various configurations.
A full set of synchronous and plesiochronous interfaces is
available.
The 9600 LSY series features the 128 QAM modulation
offering excellent spectrum efficiency and covering the 4, U4,
L6, U6, 7, 8, 10, 11 and 13 GHz frequency bands.
A modulator 64 QAM is also available on the frequency band
4, U4, U6, 11 GHz offering a better system gain.
By means of the new 9600 LSY family, Alcatel intends to
answer the growing demand of transmission capacity either
for traditional telephone services or for the new data-oriented
services (including ATM + IP networks, LAN/WAN networks)
or for the evolution of the cellular market.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 3


2 Application
The new generation of radio transmission system Alcatel
9600 LSY family is specifically designed for catching
principally two main objectives: on one side to provide a radio
solution for long distance links where large configurations
are required to fulfill the high capacity transmission needs;
on the other side to guarantee link quality as high as
possible, using, where required, the same sites and
infrastructures utilized for the previous generation
equipment.
The achievement of these objectives has given the possibility
to the new equipment to be widely utilized in a large number
of applications, including:
• New full radio infrastructure
• Closure of STM1, STM4 and STM16 fiber optic rings
• Back-up to fiber optic trunk links
• Radio spurs of fiber/radio at STM-n level
• Utilization as backbone link in national trunk networks
• Interconnection of cellular networks with public switched
networks.
Figure 1 shows some of these applications.

Figure 1. 9600 LSY family applications

4 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


3 9600 LSY Family
Key Success
Factor
The new Alcatel 9600 LSY family exploits the experience
gained with the previous SDH generations of radio
equipment and, thanks to the deep utilisation of all
technological possibilities and to new hardware and software
developments, some key success factors have been achieved
pursuing to provide an innovative answer to the most recent
market requirements:
• Total interworking with other kinds of network elements
present in the network, aiming to make the network
independent from transmission medium.
• Full integration in the Alcatel network management
platform able to manage different types of network
elements belonging to different technologies: OMSN, LT,
OMSG, microwave radios, optical systems and submarine
systems. 9600 LSY is included in Alcatel network release
plan, guaranteeing consistent feature support and
allowing, in case of existing SDH NEs, not to change
TMN platform, thus saving investments already done.
• Double identity of the equipment that can be inserted in
the SDH network as:
− Radio regenerator to be easily introduced in
transparent mode without affecting any
modifications to the network.
− Wireless Multi Service Node (WMSN) that can be
considered as full performance OMSN or LT with
different synchronous physical interface: radio
instead of fibre.
• Transmission capacity easily selectable between STM0
and STM1 according to the bandwidth availability and, if
necessary, following an incremental approach.
• High integration of the full indoor structure with very
compact size:
- configurations up to 7+1/8+0 terminal are housed inside
a single ETSI rack.
- configurations 1+0, 1+1 and 2+0 can be installed in a
single subrack assembly not expansible to higher
configurations.
• Usage of 128 QAM as standard modulation, improving
the spectrum efficiency in all the radio frequency bands;
• A 64 QAM modulator is also available.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 5


• Adoption of CCDP (frequency reuse) technique as option
for all the supported frequency bands, allowing the
transmission of 2x STM-1 per channel.
• Space Diversity reception as countermeasure against
fading exploiting the new baseband combiner.
• Transmission of auxiliary traffic of one 2 Mbit/s Way
Side Traffic per RF channel, using RFCOH bytes.
• Further powerful multipath countermeasures:
multichannel hitless switch, transversal equaliser,
configurable ATPC functionality, multileved coded
modulation.
• High reliability in order to minimise field intervention.
• Fully software configurable terminals with software
download capabilities.
The characteristics Alcatel 9600LSY are compliant with
current SDH standards defined within the International
Organisations ITU-T, ITU-R and ETSI, with special
attention to those standards concerning the network
management and its integration into SDH based network.

6 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


4 General System
Description
The Alcatel 9600 LSY family covers the radio point to point
applications supporting the following frequency bands:
• 4.0 GHz (9640 LSY)
• 4.7 GHz (9647 LSY)
• 6.2 GHz (9662 LSY)
• 6.7 GHz (9667 LSY)
• 7 GHz (9674 LSY)
• 8 GHz (9681 LSY)
• 10 GHz (9610 LSY)
• 11 GHz (9611 LSY)
• 13 GHz (9613 LSY)
4.1 Station Types
The Alcatel 9600 LSY systems offer a full set of system
configuration and protection schemes to meet any specific
need in a network with a high degree of flexibility.
Two are the envisaged station types, each supplying different
functionality.
• Regenerator station (RST) is needed when the RSOH
termination and MSOH transparency are requested. I/O
network interface is STM-1 electrical or optical.
• Multiplex station (MST) is necessary when a Wireless
Multiservice Node (WMSN) (one side or two sides) has to
be implemented. In this case the MST station is used at
the terminal ends of the radio link and it gives the
possibility to provide synchronous STM-1 electrical and
optical interfaces and plesiochronous 140 Mbit/s, 3x45
Mbit/s, 3x34 Mbit/s, 63x2 Mbit/s interfaces. It is possible
to implement a full multiplex section features like
synchronisation, SOH termination, network protection
(SNCP/I, SNCP/N and linear MSP), VCs cross
connection, tributary add-drops.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 7


4.2 Configurations
The 9600 LSY family allows the radio transmission of both
STM-1 and STM-0 utilising protected and unprotected
heterofrequency configurations.
Two are the available versions of 9600LSY equipment that
thanks to the high integration level allow to provide several
types of configurations allowing to address different network
applications:
- a standard multichannel version
- a new compact version for 1+0, 1+1 and 2+0 configurations.
For both cases, the developped configurations are hereafter
listed.
Multichannel version (max configuration):

- 7+1 Terminal regenerator in 1 ETSI rack


- 8+0 Terminal regenerator in 1 ETSI rack
- 7+1 Terminal WMSN in 1 ETSI rack
- 8+0 Terminal WMSN in 1 ETSI rack
- 2x(7+1) Terminal regenerator or in 2 ETSI racks
WMSN CCDP
A terminal can be configured as a WMSN simply adding a
1650 SMC device to the radio regenerator equipment.
Each configuration is easily expansible to a higher capacity
just adding the foreseen expansion kits.
In Figure 2 - part A and B - a view of a 8 channel regenerator
terminal and a 8 channel WMSN are respectively shown.
Compact version:

- 1+0 Terminal regenerator in 1 subrack


- 1+1 Terminal regenerator in 1 subrack
- 2+0 Terminal regenerator in 1 subrack
- 1+1 HST Terminal regenerator in 1 subrack
- 1+1 CCDP Terminal regenerator in 1 subrack
Also in this case, terminals can be used as WMSN just
adding 1650 SM-C device to the terminal regenerator.
In a single 2200 mm rack, three different 1+0, 1+1 or 2+0
regenerator terminals can be housed (fig. 2C); only two in
case of WMSN configuration (fig. 2D) .
The compact subracks are shown installed inside the 2200
mm Optinex rack. Also the installation inside a 19” ETSI
rack is allowed.

8 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


Part. A - 9600 LSY 8+0 / 7+1 terminal Part. B - 9600 LSY 8+0 / 7+1 WMSN
regenerator configuration.

Part. C - 9600 LSY compact 3x1+1 Part. B - 9600 LSY compact 2x1+1
terminal regenerator configuration. terminal WMSN configuration.
Figure 2. 9600 LSY

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 9


In the next Figure 3, the block diagram of a 7+1 regenerator
is shown.

S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R

RADIO PROTECTION SWITCHING


I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T
S T M -1 U SER M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R
I N T /R S T

M ODEM T R A N S C E IV E R

Figure 3. 9600 LSY 7+1 Regenerator configurations

Next Figure 4 shows a block diagram illustrating a Wireless


Multiservice Node for 7 STM-1 transmission configured with
radio protection (RPS) implementing a 7+1 radio
configuration.

OMSN REGENERATOR
7X STM-1 or 140 or 3x45 or 3x34 or 63x2 Mb/s

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST PROTECTION SWITCHING MODEM TRANSCEIVER

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER


RADIO

TRAF.PORT AGGREG. RST MODEM TRANSCEIVER

MODEM TRANSCEIVER

Figure 4. 9600 LSY – WMSN-OS 7+1 configuration .

In the next figure the block diagram of a Compact 1+1


heterofrequency regenerator with one protected STM-1
stream and a second “occasional” STM-1 is presented.

10 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


Figure 5. 9600 LSY 1+1 compact regenerator block diagram

4.3 Modulation type


Two modulation scheme have been adopted for the
equipment belonging to the 9600 LSY family :128 QAM and
64 QAM cross modulation .
The high number of levels utilised in 128 QAM allows to
obtain a high spectrum efficiency that allows the utilisation
of the following channel spacing :
• 28 MHz, 29 MHz, 29.65 MHz, 30 MHz and 40 MHz for
STM-1 capacity (co-polar and alternate polar)
• 14 MHz (alternate polar) or 28 MHz (co-polar) for STM-0
capacity.
With the 64 QAM modulation a 40 MHz channel spacing is
required.

4.4 Frequency reuse


The way utilised by Alcatel to improve the spectrum
efficiency is based on the Co-Channel Dual Polarisation
(CCDP) technique.
This technique, consisting in transmitting two different STM-
1 channels on each radio channel utilising two different
antenna polarisation, has been consolidated in the recent
past by means of field proven results.
In order to meet ITU-R transmission quality objectives also
in unfavourable propagation condition causing XPD
degradation, Cross-polar Interface Canceller (XPIC) device is
adopted to minimise the negative effects of the cross-polar
interference signal, assuring an improvement factor of
approx. 18 dB to the cross polar antenna discrimination.
The function is implemented in an optional additional card
to be plugged on each couple of demodulator boards of reused
channels.
Particular attention has been paid to the scalability of the
system, allowing the extension of a deployed alternate polar
(AP) system to a CCDP reused system only when necessary
and consequently to a progressive investment.
Two possible ways of extension and configurations are
available:

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 11


• CCDP configurations using 2 protection channels up to
2x(7+1)
• CCDP configurations using only 1 protection channel up
to 7 working channels plus 1 stand-by.
The frequency reuse is applicable to STM-1 streams in all the
frequency bands and with all the channel spacing foreseen in
the ITU-R recommendations, while it is not available in case
of STM-0 transmission.
The CCDP configuration is available for both standard and
compact versions.
4.5 Bit rate capacity
The 9600 LSY family allows the transmission of STM-1
signals for all frequency bands from 4 to 13 GHz and STM-0
for 7, 8 and 13 GHz bands, according to the customer needs.
The system allows an easy migration from STM-0 to STM-1
when the traffic and the band requirements are going to
change.
Auxiliary traffic can be added by means of RFCOH bytes
corresponding to one 2 Mbit/s Way Side Traffic in STM-1
case. Way Side Traffic in STM-0 case is not available.
4.6 Protection
Different protection types are available for the 9600 LSY
systems: Radio Protection and Network Protection.
• Radio Protection (RPS).
The high capacity long haul radio systems utilise, to
perform the automatic protection of the radio channels, a
multichannel switching device moving the channel to be
protected on a spare bearer (standby channel). The
function, implemented on the RX side is N+1 hitless
type; it is transparent to other types of protection and in
particular to network protection.
The switch supplies the protection of the link either in
case of failure of the equipment or for improving the
quality performances of the link. In this last case the
Early Warning criteria are utilised to achieve an error
free changeover.
The same type of RPS is used also in the 1+1 compact
version. Moreover, for this last version, also the 1+1 Hot
Standby protected configuration is available.
• Network Protection: for network protection the radio
system in regenerator section configuration (RRA) will be
fully transparent to APS channel and criteria allowing
the OMSNs present in the network to perform the
network protection activity. On the other hand the radio
system in multiplex section configuration (WMSN)
implements, as embedded function, network protection
features like Trail protection and sub-network protection
(APS, SNC-P etc.).

12 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


4.7 User interfaces
In the following table the available users interfaces are listed
depending on the 9600 LSY station types (Regenerator or
WMSN).

REGENERATOR WMSN
INTERFACES
STM-1 STM-0 STM-1 STM-0
STM-1 ELECTRICAL G.708 X X X X
(STM-1 sub-equipped) (STM-1 sub-equipped)
STM-1 OPTICAL S1.1 G.957 X X X X
(STM-1 sub-equipped) (STM-1 sub-equipped)
STM-1 OPTICAL L1.1 G.957 --- --- X ---
STM-1 OPTICAL L1.2 G.957 --- --- X ---
140 Mbit/s G.703 --- --- X ---
3 x 45 Mbit/s G.703 --- --- X X
(1 x 45 Mbit/s)
3 x 34 Mbit/s G.703 --- --- X X
(1 x 34 Mbit/s)
63 x 2 Mbit/s G.703 --- --- X X
(21 x 2 Mbit/s)
Table 1. 9600 LSY user interfaces

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 13


4.8 Auxiliary Service
Channels
In addition to the main signal, the 9600 LSY family supplies
the interfaces to the following service channels:
• 1 x 9600 baud with interface V24/V28 (selectable)
• 3 x 64 Kb/s G.703 (one is 64/128 Kb/s selectable)
• 3 x 64 Kb/s V11
• 1 voice frequency (E1)
• 3 ports voice frequency party line (E1)
• 1 voice frequency (point to point only between adjacent
radio sections).
Among them it is possible to select, by software presetting,
up to 6 x 64 Kbit/s channels plus one voice frequency channel
(EOW), to be transmitted radio side in 1+1 protected way.
They can be dropped and inserted in every radio station.
Other channels, dedicated to specific radio functionality, are
inserted in RFCOH frame, without affecting standard SOH
frame:
• DSI channel (used for multiline switching)
• ATPC channel
• Monitoring Channel (used for transmitting switching
criteria)
• One WST service stream at 2 Mb/s.
The protection of WST service stream is achieved only on
channels 0 and 1. Other streams inserted in the radio
channels are unprotected.
The SOH byte allocation is performed according to ITU-T and
ITU-R recommendations and, in Table 2 , the SOH usage is
summarised.
BYTE Utilisation Note
A1,A2 Frame alignment RST & MST
B1 RST Bit error monitor RST & MST
B2 MST bit error monitoring MST
J0 Channel identification RST & MST
D1 to D3 DCCr RST & MST
D4 to D12 DCCm MST
E1 RST OW RST & MST
E2 MST OW MST
F1 Data channel RST & MST
* Future standardisation Available to the user
K1,K2 APS channel MST
MSU Media spec. Usage Available to the user
NU National Usage Available to the user
S1 Synchronisation Status MST
M1 Monit. Far End MST
Z1,Z2 Not defined MST

Table 2. Byte utilisation

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5 Operating and
maintenance
features

5.1 TMN platform


The 9600 LSY is fully integrated in the Alcatel Network
Management platform built by 1353 SH Element Manager
and 1354 RM subnetwork manager; the Alcatel platform is
able to manage different types of network elements belonging
to different technologies: ADM, LT, Cross-Connect,
Microwave Radios, Optical Systems and Submarine Systems.

SML

1354NN
NML

1354RM
SNML

TSD-IM
SEN-IM

1353SH
EML

QB3
TSD-IM
ECT TSD-IM ECT ECT ECT

F F F

NEs DXC ADM MICROWAVE Others NEs


9600 LSY

Figure 6. Alcatel Network Management platform

5.2 System Controller


Management
The Alcatel 9600 LSY systems are equipped with a System
Controller unit (SC). This unit collects alarms and
measurements from the equipment and makes them
available for the system managing.
In detail, SC performs the following main functions:
• Data collection and exchange with radio system units
(SEMF)
• DCC management (MCF)
• Provision of local operator F interface by means a
personal computer (ECT/RECT)
• Provision of TMN interface based on QB3
• Discrete alarms and controls management
• Remote Inventory management

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 15


5.2.1 DCCR and DCCM Management
The System Controller housed on the 9600 LSY systems
manages the DCCM and DCCR bytes.
The DCCM constitutes a Data Communication Channel for
TMN information suitable for multiplex section; the DCCR
constitutes a Data Communication Channel suitable for
regeneration section.
In protected configuration the DCCM and DCCR are sent in
twin path between channel 1 and the protection channel.

5.2.2 ECT/RECT and QB3 feature


The ECT/RECT craft terminal represent the local network
element manager for the Alcatel 9600 LSY family; it is part of
Alcatel’s network management solution for the operation of
SDH transmission network.
The Element Manager (1353 SH) and the Regional Manager
(1354 RM) connected to the 9600 LSY equipment through a
QB3 interface, provide a complete end-to-end sub-network
management solution in transmission network.
The Craft Terminal and QB3 are based Information Model
compliant with ETSI standard.
The Craft Terminal provides the following functions:
• Single or multiple equipment management (Remote Craft
Terminal application)
• Local SW down loading and Remote SW downloading
from OS
• QB3 LAN interface
• Administrative function
• Security management to take care of the data integrity
and operator access
• Alarm Surveillance
• Configuration alarm severity
• Configuration Management
• Performance Monitoring according to ITU-T G.826/G.829
& G784
• Remote Inventory
• I/O housekeeping, summarising alarms and equipment
discrete alarms management
• Loopback management (near end/far end)
• BER measurement and analogue measurement (Tx/Rx
Power level)

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• Frequency agility management

5.2.3 Discrete alarms/environmental alarms


The Alcatel 9600 LSY systems can manage/provide, through
the System Controller unit, some discrete alarms and
controls:
Alarms & Controls Regenerator WMSN
Summary alarms
45 50
(outputs)
Housekeeping
22 28
(inputs station alarms)
Housekeeping
10 12
(outputs station controls)
Table 3. Alarms and controls
The electrical characteristics for alarms and control (V in the
voltage between the warm wire and the common one) are:
- open contact: ±72 ≤ V ≤ ±2V I ≤ 0.2mA
- closed contract: ±2 ≤ V ≤ 0V I ≤ 50mA
The presence of active alarm or control corresponds to closed
relay contacts with a common wire available to the customer.

5.3 Maintenance policy


The maintenance philosophy for the 9600 LSY equipment
foresees that a fault of the system is indicated through local
and concentrate visual indications (led) and reported also to
ECT and OS.
For each replaceable units of the system a red alarm led is
present on the front plate to signal the faulty condition; the
single alarm indications are grouped together to activate
some summarising led alarm like Internal, Urgent, Not
Urgent, Indicative, Abnormal, etc. In such a condition the
maintenance procedure continues with the identification of
the problem by connecting the Craft Terminal to the
equipment and with the replacement of the faulty unit if any.
No particular operations of routine maintenance are foreseen
for the 9600 LSY equipment; periodical checks can be easily
performed with the aid of the Craft Terminal.
5.4 Installation and
commissioning
The high integration degree achieved in the development of
the radio station has reduced the quantity of cable
connections among the various functional blocks, giving
benefits from the point of view of the easy installation and
the time for bringing-to-service the link.
The local interface of the terminal (ECT) gives an easy and
fast possibility to the control and the monitoring capability
both on the local and remote stations, supplying a further
advantage on the quality of the measurement on the link and
a fast response in case of fault location necessity.

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6 Standard
Multichannel
System
Architecture
The Alcatel 9600 LSY multichannel system architecture,
based on a full indoor structure, foresees the distribution of
the various functions in different blocks that are hereafter
listed:
− Radio transceiver including all the RF parts.
− Baseband-Modem subrack housing all the Base
Band, Modem, Service and Management parts
− Branching assembly
− Top Rack Unit (TRU) for power supply distribution
and protection.
In Figure 7, the allocation of the various subracks housed
inside the rack is shown, both in case of 7+1 regenerator and
7+1 WMSN terminal station.

Figure 7. Regenerator and WMSN station in 7+1


configuration.

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6.1 Transceiver
assembly
The dimensions of the transceiver mechanical assembly are
the following:
530 mm (w) x 470 mm (h) x 240 mm (d)
A detailed view of the structure, fully equipped with 10
transceivers is shown in the next Figure 8 .

Figure 8. Transceiver subrack.

Each transceiver module is inserted in a vertical dedicated


slot. The coaxial connections with Rx and Tx branching units
are located at the top and bottom positions of each
transceiver.
Each module is equipped with the following units:
− Transmitter
− Receiver
− Tx Local Oscillator
− Rx Local Oscillator
− DC/DC converter

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A simple block diagram, illustrating the main functions
performed by transceiver module, is shown in the following
figure 9.

TRANSCEIVER

IF TX
RF TX
IF TX TRANSMITTER
RF

TX L.O.
DC/DC
CONVERTER

RX L.O.

IF RX RF RX
IF TX RECEIVER
RF

Figure 9. Single channel transceiver block diagram.

The transmitter includes an IF amplifier, a SSB up-


converter, a local oscillator and a RF power amplifier.
The utilisation of a high rejection SSB up-converter permits
to avoid the use of a RF filtering at the up-converter output,
allowing a wide-band utilisation of the unit.
In the configurations higher than 1+1, a low profile fan
subrack is utilised for maintaining the temperature inside
the rack at normal value.
The Automatic Transmitted Power Control (ATPC) function
is included in the transceiver in order to decrease the Tx
power output and dissipation in case of normal propagation
and to push the maximum power up in deep fading
conditions.
This function may be disabled and the level of the
transmitted RF power can be manually forced by means of
Craft Terminal configuration.
The receiver includes a low noise RF preamplifier, an
automatic imagine rejection down converter, an IF filter, a
main amplifier with AGC and a local oscillator.
A space diversity receiver, to be used in junction with a
baseband signal combiner, is also available as
countermeasure to the selective fading due to the multipath
propagation of the signal.
The advantages obtained by the baseband combiner
utilisation are mainly due to a higher reliability, thanks to

20 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


the adopted digital technology, to the possibility of recovering
very high delays between the two received signals and to the
very reduced signature of the combined signal.
6.2 Baseband - Modem
subrack
The baseband-modem subrack accommodates in the bottom
part of the shelf the channel-depending units, used both in
regenerator terminal and in WMSN stations. The upper right
area of the shelf is dedicated to the insertion of the 1650 SM-
C device, needed in case of WMSN terminal to implement
multiplexing functionality.
In regenerator terminal case, this unused area is empty.
The physical dimensions of the subrack are: 490 mm (w) x
500 mm (h) x 250 mm (d).

In the left side of the shelf the system common units are
accommodated: the system controller (SC), the service channel unit.
The channel-depending units are built by the modem units and the
RRA units.

The RRA board performs the following main functions :


• STM-1 bi-directional interface, electrical or optical
selectable by means of interchangeable
• plug-ins
• Extraction/Insertion RSOH line side to/from Aux.
Service Board
• Hitless Switch functionality
The RRA STBY board hosts the switching logic function
dedicated to the switching criteria management of the N+1
hitless radio protection.
The Modem board performs the following main functions:
• Terminal modulator
• Terminal demodulator
• XPIC/baseband signal combiner
Two different modems are available for STM-1 and STM-0
capacity. The first also allows the transmission of a single 2
Mb/s WST service stream.
This service stream can be transmitted in unprotected way,
one for each radio channel, by means of the interfaces (1.0/2.3
75 Ohm coax male connectors) allocated in the access area of
the subrack.
The possibility to transmit one 2Mb/s WST stream in
protected way (on channels 0 and 1 ) is also given. In this
case the access is located on the front panel of Service unit
that hosts the WST switching functionality. By SW it is also
possible to choose the couple of radio channels to transmit the
protected WST stream.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 21


The Service board provides also the external access to the
auxiliary service channels (see par. 4.8), utilising SUB-D
connectors.
Moreover the unit manages the ATPC functionality.

22 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


The System Controller unit is devoted to the equipment
management. It exchanges alarms, commands and
management information with the other units of the
equipment and provides the following interfaces for local and
remote management:
• Channel communication for TMN utilising a Q3 interface
(BNC connector) info model based
• “F” interface (RS232 toward the local PC) (SUB-D 9 pin
connector) towards Local Craft Terminal
• QECC interface for remote management through DCC
channels.
Each Power Supply unit supplies the secondary voltages,
starting from the primary voltage -48 to –60 Vdc (±20%) to
the couple of Modem and RRA units relevent to every single
channel. The P.S. probeetion is actived between each comple
of two adjacent units. The common units (system controller
and service) are powered, in protected way, by two DC/DC
converters contained in Filter1 and Filter2 units. The system
can also be powered by batteries with different voltage: ±24
Vdc (±20%). In this case, a on-purpose designed DC/DC
converter has to be installed in the lower area of the rack.

6.2.1 Regenerator Configuration


In the following Figure 10, the photograph of the baseband-
modem subrack is shown.

Figure 10. Baseband-modem subrack.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 23


Hereafter, the block diagram of the RRA-modem functions,
relevant to a single channel, is pointed out.

REGENERATOR
RRA BOARD MODEM BOARD
TX
STM1 ELET./OPT. HTL RFCOH MODEM
MODEM RT
RRA
INTERFACE SW RX

AUX.
SERV. ATPC DCCR

SERVICE & SYSTEM


WST
Aux.SERV. ATPC CONTROLLER
CH.
Mb/s F QB3
2 SERVICE UNIT

V batt. DC/DC
CONVERTER

OS
ECT

Figure 11. Regenerator block diagram.

6.2.2 WMSN Configuration


When the Multiplex Section functionality is requested, an
additional 1650 SM-C device has to be installed in the upper
right position of the rack, just above the BB-Modem shelf.
WMSN provide the mapping functionality (STM-1 frame
creation), synchronisation management and tributary add-
drop, network protection and VCs cross-connection.
A detailed view of the multiplexer subrack is shown in
Figure 12.

24 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


Figure 12. - 1650 SM-C multiplexer front view

This configuration, in particular, gives the possibility to


manage up to 8 STM-1 channels line-side and to transmit
them radio side with or without radio protection. In this way
the obtained functionality is the one corresponding to a Line
Terminal (LT).
1650 SM-C equipment consist of the following sub-system
units:
• Compact ADM
• Access module
• Auxiliary and overhead
• Power supply
The Compact ADM is built upon a matrix that can accept,
through an access module providing the physical interface for
the asynchronous or synchronous signals , a maximum of
63x2 Mb/s, 3x34 Mb/s, 3x45 Mb/s, 140 Mb/s or 155 Mb/s
streams.
Inside the ADM, a synchronisation unit provides the timing
reference needed by all the components of the network
element, with a max. daily drift of 0.37 ppm.
A control sub-system realises the Synchronous System
Management Function (SEMF), according with ITU-T G.783
recommendation. The sub-system operates with a double
controlling system utilising an Equipment Controller (EC) for
DCC networking and a Shelf Controller (SC) for alarm

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 25


detection and reporting, performance monitoring and
equipment protection switching.

26 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


A wide range of auxiliary service channels is offered
according to SDH standards utilising SDH and POH bytes.
These bytes are used for alignment word, parity check,
network management operations, performance monitoring;
some data and orderwire channels are available to the user.
The unit utilises a power supply distributed architecture
where the –48 V battery voltage is distributed to all the cards
and here is DC/DC converted to the voltages necessary to
each card.
Two batteries can be used at the input, with automatic
selection on the one with higher voltage.
The distribution is protected against single converter failure.
In Figure 13, the block diagram of the MST functionality,
relevant to a single channel, is shown.

WMSN
1650 SM- C REGENERATOR ASSEMBLY

RRA BOARD MODEM BOARD


ACCESS MODULE

STM-1 MODULE
63x2 Mbps
3x34 Mbps
ELECT. HTL RT
3x45 Mbps VC STM1 RRA RFCOH MODEM
INT. SW
140 Mbps MATRIX
- ATPC
155 Mbps

SERVICE UNIT

SERV. WST
EOW & AUX &
Aux. 2x2
Serv. Ch. ATPC
Mbps

SYSTEM DC/DC V
CONTR. CONV. batt.

F QB3

ECT OS

Figure 13. MST- functional block diagram.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 27


6.3 Branching
Tx and Rx filters and channel circulators are accommodated
in horizontal layout respectively at the bottom and upper side
of the transceiver subrack.
They are connected to the antenna circulators sited over the
top of the rack, by means of branching connections installed
along one or two side walls of the rack, depending on the
branching configuration that can be one polarisation per rack
or double polarisation per rack type.
According to the frequency band, the branching is realised
utilising coaxial connections (4 and 5 GHz bands) or using
waveguides (from 6 GHz to 13 GHz).
The utilisation of narrow band RF branching filters allows to
avoid the use of –3 dB hybrids in all the channel plans.

6.4 Top Rack Unit


(T.R.U.)
At the rack top area a subrack, containing the breakers (up to
12) and the rack lamps is allocated.
TRU main functions are the power battery protection and the
power distribution to all the functional blocks present in the
rack by means of pre-installed power supply cables. This
solution contributes to an easy and fast installation and
commissioning of the station.

28 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


7 Compact
System
Architecture
The Alcatel 9600 LSY-C compact system architecture allows
to install into a single subrack all the functionalities
necessary to regenerator terminal configurations up to
1+1/2+0 : baseband, modem and RF parts.
Next figure 14 shows the compact subrack equipped in 1+1
HST configuration.

Figure 14. Compact subrack in 1+1 HST.

The compact regenerator terminal reutilises all the active


boards already used in the standard version, reducing the
complexity of the whole 9600LSY system and supplying
benefits on the spare part policy of the customer.

Only two passive interface boards for WST service channels


(in alternative 75 ohm or 120 ohm) have been developped as
new board, toghether with the driver unit needed to the
antenna Tx switch used in the Hot Standby 1+1 terminals.

Next figures 15 and 16 show the allocation of the different


units inside the compact subrack.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 29


Figure 15. Compact Regenerator Terminal in 1+1
configuration.

The single board position can be easily identified in the next


figure. In this case the 1+1 heterofrequency configuration is
shown.

Figure 16. Compact Regenerator for 1+1/2+0 configuration.

The compact terminal can be operated on all the frequency


bands foreseen for the standard multichannel version.

30 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


The 1+1/2+0 heterofrequency configurations are foreseen
both with and without space diversity; moreover also the
CCDP version has been implemented giving the performance
to transmit two STM-1 channel on a single frequency channel
by means of the use of the same canceller unit (XPIC) already
developed for the normal version.

Compact version allows to add to the heterofrequency and


CCDP also the 1+1HST and 1+0 configurations, not available
in the 9600LSY multichannel standard version .

The 1+0 configuration has been designed taking into account


the necessity of future expansions. So it is possible to install
in advance, inside the subrack, a 1+0 branching ready to be
expanded to 1+1/2+0. This possibility is foreseen for both co-
polar and alternate polar configurations. In this way the
future expansion will be carried out only installing the
additional active units and the branching filters, practically
avoiding any traffic interruption.

In the next figure, the drawing of the 9600LSY 1+0 compact


configuration is reported, indicating the empty slots, covered
by their cover, and the position of the single transceiver
installed in the subrack.

Figure 17. Compact Regenerator Terminal in 1+0


configuration.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 31


The terminal compact subrack has the following dimensions :

500 mm (w) x 475 mm (h) x 275 mm (d).

32 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


8 Technical
Characteristics

STANDARD MULTICHANNEL VERSION / 128 QAM

Note: in case of channel plan with homopolar channel space 28 MHz, the threshold value is 0,5dB
higher

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 33


COMPACT VERSION / 128 QAM

Note: in case of channel plan with homopolar channel space 28 MHz, the threshold value is 0,5dB
higher

34 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


STANDARD MULTICHANNEL VERSION / 64 QAM

RADIO SYSTEM 9640 LSY 9647 LSY 9667 LSY 9611 LSY
RF FREQ. BAND (GHz) 3.6-4.2 4.4-5.0 6.4-7.1 10.7-11.7

RF CHANNEL F.635-5 F. 1099-3 F.384-7 F. 387-8


ARRANGEMENTS (ITU-R)
RF CHANNEL SPACING (MHz)
STM-1 40 40 40 40
TRANSMISSION CAPACITY 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1
(PER RF CHANNEL) or or or or
2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1
MODULATION 64 QAM
DEMODULATION COHERENT
ADAPTIVE EQUALIZER 19 TAPS
SPECTRUM SHAPING RAISED COSINE
CODING TYPE MLC
FREQUENCY REUSE YES
TRANSMITTED POWER (*)
ATPC (Max.) (dBm) 32 32 32 30
ATPC RANGE (dB) 17 17 17 15
AGC DINAMIC RANGE (dB) 60
RECEIVER THRESHOLD STM1
@ BER =1x10-3 (**) (dBm) -76,7 -76,7 -76,5 -76
RECEIVER THRESHOLD STM1
@ BER =1x10-6 (**) (dBm) -74,9 -74,9 -74,7 -74,2
BRANCHING LOSSES T+R (dB)
1+1 single polar (STM-1) 6,5 7,0 4 5,5
3+1 single polar (STM-1) 7,5 8,0 4,5 6
NET SYSTEM GAIN (Point C-C’)
@ BER =1x10-3 (dB)
1+1 single polar (STM-1) 102,2 101,7 104,5 100,5
3+1 single polar (STM-1) 101,2 100,7 104 100
SYSTEM STANDARD (ETSI) EN 300 234 - EN 301 127 - EN 301 669 - EN 301 461 - EN 301489
SWITCHING CONFIGURATION N+0/N+1
SWITCHING TYPE HITLESS
STATION CONFIGURATION REGENERATOR TERM. - WIRELESS MULTISERVICE NODE
POWER CONSUMPTION (W)
1+1/2+0 Regenerator Terminal < or = 180
3+1/4+0 Regenerator Terminal < or = 350
7+1/8+0 Regenerator Terminal < or = 670

(*) Tolerance: ± 0.5 dB at ambient temperature; : ± 1.5 dB at in temperature range –5°C to +55 °C
(**) Guaranteed values

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 35


COMPACT VERSION / 64 QAM

RADIO SYSTEM 9640 LSY 9647 LSY 9667 LSY 9611 LSY
RF FREQ. BAND (GHz) 3.6-4.2 4.4-5.0 6.4-7.1 10.7-11.7

RF CHANNEL F.635-5 F. 1099-3 F.384-7 F. 387-8


ARRANGEMENTS (ITU-R)
RF CHANNEL SPACING (MHz)
STM-1 40 40 40 40
TRANSMISSION CAPACITY 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 1 x STM-1
(PER RF CHANNEL) or or or or
2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 2 x STM-1
MODULATION 64 QAM
DEMODULATION COHERENT
ADAPTIVE EQUALIZER 19 TAPS
SPECTRUM SHAPING RAISED COSINE
CODING TYPE MLC
FREQUENCY REUSE YES
TRANSMITTED POWER (*)
ATPC (Max.) (dBm) 32 32 32 30
ATPC RANGE (dB) 17 17 17 15
AGC DINAMIC RANGE (dB) 60
RECEIVER THRESHOLD STM1
@ BER =1x10-3 (**) (dBm) -76,7 -76,7 -76,5 -76
RECEIVER THRESHOLD STM1
@ BER =1x10-6 (**) (dBm) -74,9 -74,9 -74,7 -74,2
BRANCHING LOSSES T+R (dB)
1+0 single polar (STM-1) 4,5 4,5 3,5 4,5
1+1/2+0 single polar (STM-1) 5 5,0 4 5
1+1 HST (1:10) (STM-1) 7,5 7,5 6,5 8
NET SYSTEM GAIN (Point C-C’)
@ BER =1x10-3 (dB)
1+0 single polar (STM-1) 104,2 104,2 105 101,5
1+1/2+0 single polar (STM-1) 103,7 103,7 104,5 101
1+1 HST (STM-1) 101,2 101,2 102 98
SYSTEM STANDARD (ETSI) EN 300 234 - EN 301 127 - EN 301 669 - EN 301 461 - EN 301489
SWITCHING CONFIGURATION 1+0/1+1/2+0
SWITCHING TYPE HITLESS
STATION CONFIGURATION REGENERATOR TERM. - WIRELESS MULTISERVICE NODE
POWER CONSUMPTION (W)
1+0 Regenerator Terminal (STM-1) < or = 100
1+1/2+0 Regenerator Terminal < or = 180

(*) Tolerance: ± 0.5 dB at ambient temperature; : ± 1.5 dB at in temperature range –5°C to +55 °C
(**) Guaranteed values

36 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


STANDARD MULTICHANNEL & COMPACT VERSIONS

Electrical Interface
• 155.520 Mb/s (STM-1) ITU-T Rec. G.703
• 139.264 Mb/s (PDH) ITU-T Rec. G.703
• 3 x 34.368 / 3 x 44.736 Mb/s ITU-T Rec. G.703
• 2.048 Mb/s ITU-T Rec. G.703

Optical Interface
• 155.520 Mb/s (STM-1) ITU-T Rec.G.957– G.958

CHARACTERISTICS S 1.1 L 1.1 L 1.2


Input optical interface:
Operating wavelenght range (nm) 1260-1360 1280-1335 1480-1580
Minimum sensitivity (point R) (dBm) -28 -34 -34
Minimum overload (point R) (dBm) -8 -10 -10
Automatic Laser Shutdown procedure ITU-T G.958 ITU-T G.958 ITU-T G.958
Output optical interface:
Max. launched power (point S) (dBm) -8 0 0
Min. launched power (point S) (dBm) -15 -5 -5

Note: the three type of optical interfaces above mentioned are available for Multiplex assembly
while only the S 1.1 type is available for Regenerator assembly.

Table 4. STM-1 Optical interfaces

Auxiliary Channels
• 1 x 2 Mb/s (STM-1 ONLY)

Service channel
• Omnibus voice channel (E1) DTMF
• 6 x 64 Kb/s (G.703 or V11)
• 1 x 9.6 Kb/s RS 232

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 37


• TMN channel (D1 D3, D4 D12)
• 3 voice frequency party line (E1)
• 1 voice frequency (between adjacent sections)

Network Management
• F. interface RS 232 C
• Q3 interface Ethernet AUI 10 Base2, 10 BaseT
• QECC interface D1÷D3 / D4÷D12

Rack dimensions (h x w x d)
• 2200 x 600 x 300 (mm)
Environment
• EMI-EMC ETS 300385 Class B
• Safety IEC 950 and IEC 215
• Temperature range:
Standard version: -5°C to +55°C (with fans)
Compact version: -5°C to +50°C (without fans)
-5°C to +55°C (with fans)

Power Supply
– 48 to –60 Vdc (± 20%)

_________________________________________________________
Note: all data subject to change without notice.

38 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


9 Glossary

ADM Add Drop Multiplexer


AP Alternate Polarisation
APS Automatic Protection Switching
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATPC Automatic Transmitted Power Control
AUX AUXiliary
BB Base Band
BER Bit Error Rate
CCDP Co-Channel Dual Polarisation
CO-CH Co-Channel
DCC Data Communication Channel
DRRS Digital Radio Relay System
DSI Digital Switching Information
DTMF Dual Tone Multi Frequency
ECT Equipment Craft Terminal
EMI/EMC ElectroMagnetic Interf./ElectroMagnetic
Compat.
EOW Engineering Order Wire
EPS Equipment Protection Switching
ETSI European Telecommunication Standard
Institute
HET Hetero frequency (frequency diversity)
IP Internet Protocol
ITU International Telecommunication Union
LT Line Terminal
MCF Message Communication Function
MSOH Multiplex Section OverHead
MST Multiplex Section Termination
NE Network Element
OH OverHead
OMSN Optinex MultiService Node
OS Operation System
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
RF Radio Frequency

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 39


RFCOH Radio Frame Complementary OverHead
RPS Radio Protection Switching
RRA Radio Regeneration Adaptation
RSOH Regeneration Section OverHead
RST Regenerator Section Termination
RT Radio Transceiver
SC System Controller
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SNC-P Sub Network Connection Protection
SOH Section OverHead
SSB Single Side Band
STM Synchronous Transport Module
SW Software
TMN Telecommunication Management Network
TRU Top Rack Unit
VC Virtual Container
WMSN Wireless MultiService Node
XPD Cross Polar Discrimination
XPIC Cross Polar Interference Canceller
XPIF Cross Polar Improvement Factor
XPOL Cross Polar channel
WST Way Side Traffic

40 3DB 01574 AAAA Ed05


ALCATEL

Via Trento 30
200059 Vimercate (MI)
Italy

Tel. +39.39.686.1 - Fax +39.39.686.14.83 - Telex 330630

Alcatel reserves the right to modify the specifications in this document without prior warning, as a result of
technical upgrades or new regulations.

3DB 01574 AAAA Ed.05 41