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DAFTAR ISI

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HALAMAN JUDUL ....................................................................................... i


LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ............................................................................ ii
KATA PENGANTAR..................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................................... v
DAFTAR TABEL ........................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR GAMBAR....................................................................................... ix

BAB I PENDAHULUAN................................................................................ 1
1.1 Latar Belakang .................................................................................... 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah............................................................................... 2
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ................................................................................ 2
1.4 Batasan Masalah ................................................................................. 3
1.5 Waktu dan Lokasi Penelitian .............................................................. 3
1.6 Sistematika Penulisan ......................................................................... 3

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ................................................................... 5


2.1 Batubara ............................................................................................. 5
2.1.1 Pengertian Batubara ........................................................................... 5
2.1.2 Proses Terbentuknya Batubara .......................................................... 6
2.1.3 Sifat Umum Batubara ........................................................................ 10
2.1.4 Perbandingan Sifat-Sifat Batubara .................................................... 11
2.2 Rank Batubara.................................................................................... 13
2.3 Klasifikasi Batubara .......................................................................... 16
2.4 Kualitas Batubara .............................................................................. 18
2.4.1 Parameter Kualitas Batubara ............................................................. 18
2.4.2 Basis Pelaporan Hasil Analisis .......................................................... 19
2.4.3 Analisis Dasar Batubara .................................................................... 22
2.4.3.1 Penentuan Total Moisture.................................................................. 22

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2.4.3.2 Penentuan Kandungan Ash ................................................................ 22
2.4.3.3 Penentuan Volatile Matter ................................................................. 23
2.4.3.4 Penentuan Fixed Carbon ................................................................... 24
2.4.4 Mineral Matter .................................................................................. 24
2.4.5 Analisis Khusus Batubara .................................................................. 26
2.4.5.1 Penentuan Calorific Value ................................................................. 26
2.4.5.2 Penentuan Hardgrove Grindability Index ......................................... 26
2.5 Perilaku Batubara pada Pemanasan ................................................... 31
2.6 Analisis Korelasi dan Regresi Linear Batubara ................................. 38
2.6.1 Analisis Korelasi................................................................................ 38
2.6.2 Analisis Regresi ................................................................................. 39
2.6.2.1 Analisis Regresi Linear Sederhana .................................................... 40
2.6.2.2 Analisis Regresi Linear Berganda ..................................................... 41
2.6.3 Analisis Data dengan SPSS ............................................................... 42

BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN .................................................... 43


3.1 Kegiatan Penelitian ............................................................................ 43
3.2 Tahapan Penelitian ............................................................................ 43
3.2.1 Tahap Pra Lapangan .......................................................................... 43
3.2.1.1 Studi Literatur .................................................................................... 43
3.2.2 Tahap Lapangan ................................................................................ 44
3.2.2.1 Pengambilan Data .............................................................................. 44
3.2.2.1.1 Data Primer ........................................................................................ 44
3.2.2.1.2 Data Sekunder.................................................................................... 45
3.2.2.2 Preparasi Sampel ............................................................................... 45
3.2.2.3 Analisis Batubara tanpa Pemanasan .................................................. 46
3.2.2.4 Analisis Nilai HGI ............................................................................. 47
3.2.2.4.1 Pengujian HGI tanpa Pemanasan ...................................................... 47
3.2.2.4.2 Pengujian HGI dengan Pemanasan.................................................... 47
3.2.2.5 Analisis Batubara dengan Pemanasan ............................................... 48
3.2.3 Tahap Pasca Lapangan ...................................................................... 48
3.2.3.1 Pengolahan Data ................................................................................ 48

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3.2.3.2 Analisis Korelasi dan Regresi Linear Berganda menggunakan SPSS 49
3.2.4 Kesimpulan dan Saran ....................................................................... 50
3.3 Jadwal Penelitian ............................................................................... 52

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ..................................................................................... 53

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DAFTAR TABEL

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Tabel 2.1 Hubungan Jenis Batubara dan Pembakaran .............................. 11


Tabel 2.2 Tahapan Utama Pengembangan dari Gambut sampai
Meta-Antrasit ............................................................................ 14
Tabel 2.3 Klasifikasi Batubara menurut ASTM........................................ 17
Tabel 2.4 Parameter Kualitas Batubara ..................................................... 18
Tabel 2.5 Tabel untuk Mengubah Basis .................................................... 21
Tabel 2.6 Variasi Kandungan Pemanasan Batubara dengan Temperatur . 32
Tabel 2.7 Panas Spesifik Batubara Air-Dried ........................................... 33
Tabel 2.8 Reaksi Mineral Batubara pada Temperatur Tinggi ................... 38
Tabel 3.1 Jadwal Penelitian ....................................................................... 52

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

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Gambar 2.1 Skema Pembentukan Batubara .................................................. 7


Gambar 2.2 Perubahan Berbagai Parameter karena Berubahnya Rank ........ 13
Gambar 2.3 Hardgrove Grindability Machine ............................................. 27
Gambar 2.4 Kalibrasi Nilai HGI ................................................................... 28
Gambar 2.5 Hubungan antara Nilai HGI dengan Zat Terbang ..................... 31
Gambar 2.6 Variasi Panas Spesifik dengan Kandungan Moisture ............... 33
Gambar 2.7 Variasi Panas Spesifik dengan Kandungan Karbon .................. 34
Gambar 2.8 Variasi Panas Spesifik dengan Kandungan Volatile Matter ..... 34
Gambar 2.9 Penyebaran Produk Proses Karbonisasi dengan Variasi
Temperatur ................................................................................ 35
Gambar 2.10 Pengaruh Rank Batubara terhadap Pelepasan Berat Selama
Pirolisis...................................................................................... 36
Gambar 2.11 Hasil Volatile Matter sebagai Fungsi Laju Pemanasan............. 37
Gambar 3.1 Diagram Alir Penelitian ............................................................ 51

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