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Constructing Graphs & Solving


Equations Graphically
Question Paper 16
Level IGCSE
Subject Maths (0580)
Exam Board Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)
Paper Type Extended
Topic Algebra and Graphs
Sub-Topic Constructing Graphs & Solving Equations
Graphically
Booklet Question Paper 16

Time Allowed: 52 minutes

Score: /43

Percentage: /100

Grade Boundaries:

A* A B C D E U

>85% 75% 60% 45% 35% 25% <25%


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1 (a) Complete the table of values for y # 3x.

x 02 01.5 01 00.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2


y 0.2 5.2 9

[3]

(b) Use your table to complete the graph of y # 3x for 02 ≤ x ≤ 2.

y
9

–2 –1 0 1 2 x

–1

–2

[2]
(c) Use the graph to find the solution of the equation
3 x  =  6.

Answer (c) x # ...................................... [1]


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2 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper.

x 04 03 02 01 0 1 2 3 4
f(x) 08 4.5 8 5.5 0 05.5 08 04.5 8

(a) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to represent 4 units on the
y-axis, draw axes for 04 ≤ x ≤ 4 and 08 ≤ y ≤ 8.
Draw the curve y # f(x) using the table of values given above. [5]

(b) Use your graph to solve the equation f(x) # 0. [2]

(c) On the same grid, draw y # g(x) for 04 ≤ x ≤ 4, where g(x) # x ! 1. [2]

(d) Write down the value of


(i) g(1),
(ii) fg(1),
(iii) g01(4),
(iv) the positive solution of f(x) # g(x). [4]

(e) Draw the tangent to y # f(x) at x # 3. Use it to calculate an estimate of the gradient of the curve
at this point. [3]
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3 Answer the whole of this question on a sheet of graph paper


24
(a) The table gives values of f(x) = + x2 for 0.8 ⭐ x ⭐ 6.
x2

x 0.8 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5 5.5 6

f(x) 38.1 25 12.9 10 10.1 11.7 l m n 26 31 36.7

Calculate, correct to 1 decimal place, the values of l, m and n. [3]

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to represent 5 units on the y-axis, draw
an x-axis for 0 ⭐ x ⭐ 6 and a y-axis for 0 ⭐ y ⭐ 40.

Draw the graph of y = f(x) for 0.8 ⭐ x ⭐ 6. [6]

(c) Draw the tangent to your graph at x = 1.5 and use it to calculate an estimate of the gradient of the curve
at this point. [4]

(d) (i) Draw a straight line joining the points (0, 20) and (6, 32). [1]
(ii) Write down the equation of this line in the form y = mx + c. [2]
(iii) Use your graph to write down the x-values of the points of intersection of this line and the curve
y = f(x). [2]
(iv) Draw the tangent to the curve which has the same gradient as your line in part d(i). [1
(v) Write down the equation for the tangent in part d(iv). [2]