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Safety Data Sheet

According to Occupational Health and Safety (Classification, Labelling and

Safety Data Sheet of Hazardous Chemicals) Malaysia Regulation 2013

Version 2.1 Release Date: 24.02.2016

SECTION 1: Identification of the hazardous chemical and of the supplier

Product name : Isobutanol

CAS-No. : 78-83-1
Synonyms : 2-methyl-1-propanol, Isobutyl alcohol
Recommended use : Use in textile processes, industrial cleaners and solvents for
hard surface cleaning
Restrictions on use : No restriction of use

Manufacturer or supplier's details

Headquarters : PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad
Address : Tower 2, PETRONAS Twin Towers,
Kuala Lumpur City Centre,
50088 Kuala Lumpur
Plant Site : PETRONAS Chemicals Derivatives Sdn Bhd
Address : Administration Complex,
Kerteh Industrial Area,
KM 106 Jalan Kuala Terengganu - Kuantan,
24300 Kerteh, Kemaman,
Terengganu, Malaysia
Emergency telephone : (+609) 830 7555
number 999 (Bomba)
National Poison Centre:
04-6570099 (office hours)
012-4309499 (after office hours)

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

Classification of the hazardous chemical

Flammable liquids : Category 3
Skin corrosion/irritation : Category 2
Serious eye damage/eye : Category 1
Specific target organ toxicity - : Category 3 (Respiratory system, Central nervous system)
single exposure
Label elements
Hazard pictograms :

Signal word : Danger

Hazard statements : H226 Flammable liquid and vapour.
H315 Causes skin irritation.
H318 Causes serious eye damage.
H335 May cause respiratory irritation.
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness.
Precautionary statements : Prevention:
Safety Data Sheet


Version 2.1 Release Date: 24.02.2016

P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces.

No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 Use explosion-proof electrical/ ventilating/ lighting/
P242 Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/ fume/ gas/ mist/ vapours/ spray.
P264 Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/
face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/ Take off
immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/
P304 + P340 + P312 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air
and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Call a
POISON CENTER or doctor/ physician if you feel unwell.
P305 + P351 + P338 + P310 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with
water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and
easy to do. Continue rinsing. Immediately call a POISON
CENTER or doctor/ physician.
P332 + P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/
P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or
alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 + P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep
container tightly closed. Keep cool.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste
disposal plant.

Other hazards which do not result in classification

No information available.

SECTION 3: Composition and information of the ingredients of the hazardous chemical

Substance / Mixture : Substance

Chemical nature : Isobutanol (Isobutyl Alcohol)

Hazardous components
Chemical Name CAS-No. Concentration (%)
2-Methylpropan-1-ol 78-83-1 >= 99 - <= 100

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Version 2.1 Release Date: 24.02.2016

SECTION 4: First aid measures

Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with water; remove contact lenses, if present, after the first 5
minutes, then continue flushing eyes for at least 15 minutes. Obtain medical attention without delay,
preferably from an ophthalmologist.

Skin Contact: Wash skin with plenty of water.

Inhalation: Move person to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration; if by mouth to mouth use
rescuer protection (pocket mask, etc.). If breathing is difficult, oxygen should be administered by
qualified personnel. Call a physician or transport to a medical facility.

Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Call a physician and/or transport to emergency facility immediately.

Notes to Physician: If lavage is performed, suggest endotracheal and/or esophageal control. Danger
from lung aspiration must be weighed against toxicity when considering emptying the stomach. The
decision of whether to induce vomiting or not should be made by a physician. Maintain adequate
ventilation and oxygenation of the patient. No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be
directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

Extinguishing Media: Water fog or fine spray. Dry chemical fire extinguishers. Carbon dioxide fire
extinguishers. Foam. Do not use direct water stream. Straight or direct water streams may not be
effective to extinguish fire. Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) are preferred. General purpose synthetic
foams (including AFFF) or protein foams may function, but will be less effective.

Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away. Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry. Stay upwind.
Keep out of low areas where gases (fumes) can accumulate. Water may not be effective in extinguishing
fire. Use water spray to cool fire exposed containers and fire affected zone until fire is out and danger
of reignition has passed. Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire. Eliminate ignition sources.
Move container from fire area if this is possible without hazard. Burning liquids may be moved by flushing
with water to protect personnel and minimize property damage. Avoid accumulation of water. Product
may be carried across water surface spreading fire or contacting an ignition source.

Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing

apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers, boots,
and gloves). If protective equipment is not available or not used, fight fire from a protected location or
safe distance.

Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon
application of direct water stream to hot liquids. When product is stored in closed containers, a
flammable atmosphere can develop. Electrically ground and bond all equipment. Flammable mixtures
of this product are readily ignited even by static discharge. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel
a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur. Flammable
mixtures may exist within the vapor space of containers at room temperature. Flammable concentrations
of vapor can accumulate at temperatures above flash point; see Section 9.

Hazardous Combustion Products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition
to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating. Combustion products
may include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.

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Version 2.1 Release Date: 24.02.2016

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

Steps to be Taken if Material is Released or Spilled: Contain spilled material if possible. Ground and
bond all containers and handling equipment. Collect in suitable and properly labeled containers. Pump
with explosion-proof equipment. If available, use foam to smother or suppress. See Section 13, Disposal
Considerations, for additional information.

Personal Precautions: Use appropriate safety equipment. For additional information, refer to Section
8, Exposure Controls and Personal Protection. Isolate area. Refer to Section 7, Handling, for additional
precautionary measures. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering the area. Keep
personnel out of low areas. Keep upwind of spill. Ventilate area of leak or spill. No smoking in area.
Eliminate all sources of ignition in vicinity of spill or released vapor to avoid fire or explosion. For large
spills, warn public of downwind explosion hazard. Check area with combustible gas detector before
reentering area. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment. Vapor explosion hazard. Keep
out of sewers.

Environmental Precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or
groundwater. See Section 12, Ecological Information.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

General Handling: Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.
Avoid breathing vapor. Do not swallow. Keep container closed. Use with adequate ventilation. Wash
thoroughly after handling. No smoking, open flames or sources of ignition in handling and storage area.
Ignition sources can include and are not limited to pilot lights, flames, smoking, sparks, heaters, electrical
equipment, and static discharges. Electrically bond and ground all containers, personnel and equipment
before transfer or use of material. Never use air pressure for transferring product. Use of non-sparking
or explosion-proof equipment may be necessary, depending upon the type of operation. Containers,
even those that have been emptied, can contain vapors. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld, or perform similar
operations on or near empty containers.

Other Precautions: Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low
lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur.

Store in a dry place. Store away from direct sunlight. Store in original container. Minimize sources of
ignition, such as static build-up, heat, spark or flame. Keep container closed.

SECTION 8: Exposure controls and personal protection

Exposure Limits

Component List Type Value

2-Methylpropan-1-ol; isobutanol ACGIH TWA 50 ppm

MY OEL TWA 152 mg/m3 50 ppm

Personal Protection
Eye/Face Protection: Use chemical goggles. Chemical goggles should be consistent with EN 166 or

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Skin Protection: Use protective clothing chemically resistant to this material. Selection of specific items
such as face shield, boots, apron, or full body suit will depend on the task. Remove contaminated
clothing immediately, wash skin area with soap and water, and launder clothing before reuse or dispose
of properly.

Hand protection: Use chemical resistant gloves classified under Standard EN374: Protective gloves
against chemicals and micro-organisms. Examples of preferred glove barrier materials include: Viton.
Butyl rubber. Polyethylene. Neoprene. Chlorinated polyethylene. Natural rubber ("latex"). Polyvinyl
chloride ("PVC" or "vinyl"). Ethyl vinyl alcohol laminate ("EVAL").
Examples of acceptable glove barrier materials include: Nitrile/butadiene rubber ("nitrile" or
"NBR"). When prolonged or frequently repeated contact may occur, a glove with a protection class of 4
or higher (breakthrough time greater than 120 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. When
only brief contact is expected, a glove with a protection class of 1 or higher (breakthrough time greater
than 10 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended.
NOTICE: The selection of a specific glove for a particular application and duration of use in a workplace
should also take into account all relevant workplace factors such as, but not limited to: Other chemicals
which may be handled, physical requirements (cut/puncture protection, dexterity, thermal protection),
potential body reactions to glove materials, as well as the instructions/specifications provided by the
glove supplier.

Respiratory Protection: Atmospheric levels should be maintained below the exposure guideline.
When respiratory protection is required, use an approved air-purifying or positive-pressure supplied-air
respirator depending on the potential airborne concentration. For emergency and other conditions where
the exposure guideline may be exceeded, use an approved positive-pressure self-contained breathing
apparatus or positive-pressure air line with auxiliary self-contained air supply. Use the following CE
approved air-purifying respirator: Organic vapor cartridge, type A (boiling point >65 ºC)
Ingestion: Avoid ingestion of even very small amounts; do not consume or store food or tobacco in the
work area; wash hands and face before smoking or eating.

Engineering Controls
Ventilation: Provide general and/or local exhaust ventilation to control airborne levels below the
exposure guidelines.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

Appearance : Liquid
Colour : Colourless
Odour : Alcohol-like
Odour Threshold : No data available
pH : No data available
Melting point/freezing point : -107.8 °C
Boiling point/boiling range : 108 °C
Flash point : 27 °C Method: ASTM D 56, Tag closed cup
Evaporation rate : 0.74
Upper explosion limit : 11 %(V)
Lower explosion limit : 1.7 %(V)
Vapour pressure : 11.8 hPa (20 °C)
Relative vapour density : 2.55
Relative density : 1.02 (20 °C)
Density : 0.8 g/cm3
Water solubility : 95 g/l (20 °C)
Partition coefficient: n- : log Kow: 0.76
Auto-ignition temperature : No data available
Decomposition temperature : No data available

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Viscosity, dynamic : 4.0 mPa.s (200 °C)

Viscosity, kinematic : No data available

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

Thermally stable at typical use temperatures.

Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to elevated temperatures can cause product to decompose. Avoid
static discharge.

Incompatible Materials: Avoid contact with oxidizing materials.

Hazardous Polymerization
Will not occur.

Thermal Decomposition
Decomposition products depend upon temperature, air supply and the presence of other materials.

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

Acute toxicity
Acute oral toxicity : LD50 (Rat): 2,460 mg/kg
Acute inhalation toxicity : LC50 (Rat): 8000 ppm
Exposure time: 4 h
Acute dermal toxicity : LD50 (Rabbit): 3,400 mg/kg

Skin corrosion/irritation
Species : Rabbit
Result : Moderate skin irritation

Serious eye damage/eye irritation

Remarks : Irreversible effects on the eye

Respiratory or skin sensitisation

Exposure routes : Inhalation
Result : Causes sensitisation.
Exposure routes : Skin contact
Remarks : No data available

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Germ cell mutagenicity

Germ cell mutagenicity - : No data available

Carcinogenicity - : No data available

Reproductive toxicity
Reproductive toxicity - : No data available

STOT - single exposure

Target Organs : Respiratory Tract, Central nervous system
Assessment : May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or

STOT - repeated exposure

Remarks : No data available

Aspiration toxicity
Statement on Aspiration Tox. : No data available

Further information

SECTION 12: Ecological information

Toxicity to fish : LC50 (Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow)): 1,430 mg/l
Exposure time: 96 h
Toxicity to daphnia and other : LC50 (Daphnia pulex (Water flea)): 1,100 mg/l
aquatic invertebrates Exposure time: 48 h
Toxicity to algae : EC50 (Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (green algae)): 593
Exposure time: 72 h

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Toxicity to fish (Chronic : Remarks: No data available

Toxicity to daphnia and other : NOEC (Daphnia magna (Water flea)): 20 mg/l
aquatic invertebrates Exposure time: 21 d
(Chronic toxicity)
Toxicity to microorganisms : EC50 (Pseudokirchneriella putida): 280 mg/l
Exposure time: 16 h
Test Type: Growth inhibition

Persistence and degradability

Biodegradability : Result: Readily biodegradable

Bioaccumulative potential
Bioaccumulation : Remarks: Low bioaccumulation potential.
Partition coefficient: n- : Remarks: log Kow: 0.76

Mobility in soil
Mobility : Medium: Soil
Remarks: No data available
2-Methylpropan-1-ol:No data available

SECTION 13: Disposal information

This product, when being disposed of in its unused and uncontaminated state should be treated as a
hazardous waste according to EC Directive 91/689/EEC. Any disposal practices must be in compliance
with all national and provincial laws and any municipal or local by-laws governing hazardous waste. For
used, contaminated and residual materials additional evaluations may be required. Do not dump into
any sewers, on the ground, or into any body of water.

SECTION 14: Transport information

International Regulation
UN number : UN 1212
Proper shipping name : ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL
Class : 3
Packing group : III
Labels : 3
UN/ID No. : UN 1212
Proper shipping name : Isobutyl alcohol
Class : 3

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Packing group : III

Packing instruction (cargo : 366
Packing instruction : 355
(passenger aircraft)

UN number : UN 1212
Proper shipping name : ISOBUTYL ALCOHOL
Class : 3
Packing group : III
Labels : 3
EmS Code : F-E, S-D
Marine pollutant : no
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code
Pollution category : Z
Ship type : 3

Hazchem Code : ●3Y

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

Safety, health, and environmental regulations specific for the hazardous chemical

Occupational Safety and Health (Classification, Labelling and Safety Data Sheet of Hazardous
Chemicals) Regulations 2013.
Occupational Safety and Health (Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to
Health) Regulations 2000.

The components of this product are reported in the following inventories:

CH INV : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
TSCA : On TSCA Inventory.
DSL : All components of this product are on the Canadian DSL
AICS : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
NZIoC : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
ENCS : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
ISHL : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
KECI : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
PICCS : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.
IECSC : On the inventory, or in compliance with the inventory.

SECTION 16: Other information

SDS preparation date : 25.09.2014

Revision Date : 24.02.2016
Sources of key data used to : ICOP CCHC
compile the Safety Data
Full text of other abbreviations
(Q)SAR - (Quantitative) Structure Activity Relationship
ANTT - National Agency for Transport by Land of Brazil

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ASTM - American Society for the Testing of Materials

bw - Body weight
CPR - Controlled Products Regulations
CCHC - Chemicals Classification and Hazard Communication
DIN - Standard of the German Institute for Standardisation
ECx - Concentration associated with x% response
ELx - Loading rate associated with x% response
EmS - Emergency Schedule
ErCx - Concentration associated with x% growth rate response
ERG - Emergency Response Guide
GHS - Globally Harmonized System
IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer
IATA - International Air Transport Association
IBC - International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships carrying
Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
IC50 - Half maximal inhibitory concentration
ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization
ICOP - Industry Code of Practice on Chemicals Classification and Hazard
IMDG - International Maritime Dangerous Goods
IMO - International Maritime Organization
ISO - International Organisation for Standardization
LC50 - Lethal Concentration to 50 % of a test population
LD50 - Lethal Dose to 50% of a test population (Median Lethal Dose)
MARPOL - International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships
n.o.s. - Not Otherwise Specified
Nch - Chilean Norm
NITE - National Institute of Technology and Evaluation
NO(A)EC - No Observed (Adverse) Effect Concentration
NO(A)EL - No Observed (Adverse) Effect Level
NOELR - No Observable Effect Loading Rate
NOM - Official Mexican Norm
NTP - National Toxicology Program
OECD - Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OPPTS - Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
PBT - Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic substance
REACH - Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council
concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of
SADT - Self-Accelerating Decomposition Temperature
SDS - Safety Data Sheet
TDG - Transportation of Dangerous Goods
UN - United Nations
UNRTDG - United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods
vPvB - Very Persistent and Very Bioaccumulative
WHMIS - Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
DSL - Domestic Substances List (Canada)
KECI - Korea Existing Chemicals Inventory
TSCA - Toxic Substances Control Act (United States)
AICS - Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances
IECSC - Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances in China
ENCS - Existing and New Chemical Substances (Japan)
ISHL - Industrial Safety and Health Law (Japan)
PICCS - Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances
NZIoC - New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals
TCSI - Taiwan Chemical Substance Inventory
CMR - Carcinogen, Mutagen or Reproductive Toxicant

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GLP - Good Laboratory Practice

The information contained herein is based on our current knowledge and are presented in good
faith and believed to be accurate. The information is to be studied carefully upon consultation of
appropriate expertise, as necessary. No warranty, express or implied, is given as to the quality,
accuracy, reliability, applicability or completeness of the contents of this SDS. The information
presented here pertains only to the product as shipped. It is your responsibility to ensure that
any activities relating to the product comply with all federal, state or local laws. Any hazards
associated with any product regulatory requirements are subject to change and may differ
between various locations. Except to the extent required by law, re-publication or retransmission
of this SDS, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited.

Product Stewardship Advisory:

PETRONAS wishes to create awareness of all the hazards associated with the storage,
handling and use of our products. Carefully studying the accompanying Safety Data Sheets and
disseminating the information to all dependent and interested parties is an essential part of any
Responsible Care programme.


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