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L T P C

15AS201J APPLIED FLUID MECHANICS


2 2 2 4
Co-requisite: Nil
Prerequisite: Nil
Data Book /
Codes/Standards Nil
Course Category P PROFESSIONAL CORE AERODYNAMICS
Course designed by Department of Aerospace Engineering
Approval Academic Council Meeting –23rd July, 2016

PURPOSE To be familiar with all the basic concepts of fluids and fluid flow phenomenon, conservation
equations and their applications to simple problems.
INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES STUDENT
OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, student will be able to
1. Understand the properties of the fluid and solve the fluid flow problems a b e
2. Understand the mathematical techniques of practical flow problems. a b e
3. Understand the Boundary layer problems a b e

Session Description of Topic (Theory) Contact C-D-


IOs Reference
hours I-O
UNIT I: PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS AND FLUID 9
STATICS
1. Brief history of fluid mechanics - Fluids and their 1 C,D 1 1,2,3
properties.
2. Continuum, density, viscosity, surface tension - Numerical
2 C,D 1 1,2,3
problems
3. Compressibility and bulk modulus, concept of pressure. 1 C,D 1 1,2,3

4. Fluid statics - Pascal's law, Hydrostatic law - Piezometric


2 C,D 1 1,2,3
head, and Numerical problems
5. Manometry- simple manometer and differential 3 1 1,2,3
manometer- Numerical problems C,D
9
UNIT II: FLUID KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS
Lagrangian and Eulerian description of fluid flow, types of
6. 1 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
fluid flow, streamlines, path lines, and streak lines.
System and Control volume concept – Reynolds transport
7. theorem and its applications in finite control volume 3 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
analysis - Numerical problems
Euler's equation of motion along a streamline - Bernoulli’s
8. 2 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
equation - Numerical problems
Bernoulli’s equation – Application through various
9. examples including flow measuring devices –Orifice 3 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
meter, venturimeter, pitot – tube - Numerical problems
UNIT III: POTENTIAL FLOW 9
Equation of streamline – stream function - velocity
10. 2 C,D 1,2 1,3,4
potential functionNumerical problems.
Basic elementary flows – Uniform parallel flow, Source,
11. 3 C,D 1,2 1,3,4
sink, free and forced vortex.
Combination of elementary flows, pressure and velocity
12. 4 C,D 1,2 1,3,4
distributions on bodies with and without circulation in
ideal
UNITand IV:real fluid flows.
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND FLUID
9
FLOW IN CLOSED CONDUICTS
Dimensional Analysis – Rayleigh’s method, Buckingham
13. Pi - theorem, Derivations and applicationsof important 3 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
dimensionless numbers, basic modeling and similitude.
Viscous fluid flow - Laminar and turbulent flow, Hagen -
14. 2 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
Poiseuille flow in circular pipes and Numerical problems.
Development of flow in pipes, Pipe friction, Darcy-
15. 2 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
Weisbach equation and Chezy's formula.
Pipe losses - Major and Minor losses - Numerical
16. 2 C,D 1,2 1,2,4
Problems in parallel, series and branched pipes.
UNIT V: FLUID FLOW OVER BODIES 9
Boundary layer theory - boundary layer development on a
17. flat plate, displacement thickness, momentum thickness, 3 C,D 1,2,3 1,2,3
Energy thickness and numerical problems.
18. Drag on a flat plate –Vonkarman Momentum integral 2 C,D 1,2,3 1,2,3
equation.
Nature of turbulence, Separation of flow over bodies -
19. streamlined and bluff bodies, Lift and Drag on cylinder 4 C,D 1,2,3 1,2,3
and Aerofoil – Numerical problems.
Total contact hours * 45
*Excluding Assessment hours

Sl. No. Description of experiments Contact C-D-


IOs Reference
hours I-O
1. Determination of coefficient of discharge of orifice meter. 2 I-O 1,2 6
2. Determination of coefficient of discharge of venturimeter. 2 I-O 1,2 6
3. Verification of Bernoulli's theorem. 2 I-O 1,2 6
4. Major loss due to friction in pipe flow. 2 I-O 1,2 6
5. Minor losses due to pipe fittings in pipes. 2 I-O 1,2 6
6. Determination of Impact force of water jet on vane. 2 I-O 1,2 6
7. Determination of type of flow by Reynolds apparatus. 2 I-O 1,2 6
8. Determination of viscosity using Red wood viscometer. 2 I-O 1,2 6
9. Performance test on centrifugal blower with different 2 I-O 1,2 6
10. impellers.
Performance test on reciprocating air compressor. 2 I-O 1,2 6
11. Flow visualization using smoke, dye and Hele - Shaw 2 I-O 1,2 6
12. apparatus.
Study of flow over bluff bodies and streamlined bodies by
2 C 1,2 6
flow visualization technique.
13. Aerodynamic studies on isolated airfoil in wind tunnel. 2 C 1,2 6
14. Calibration of subsonic wind tunnel. 2 I-O 1,2 6
15. Estimation of drag over a cylinder. 2 I-O 1,2 6
Total contact hours * 20
*Any ten experiments will be offered

LEARNING RESOURCES
Sl. No. TEXT BOOKS
1. Munson, Bruce R., Young, Donald F., Okiishi, Theodore H., Huebsch, Wade W. “Fundamentals
of Fluid Mechanics”, Seventh Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
2. Kumar, K.L.,“EngineeringFluid Mechanics”, 8th Edition, S. Chand, New Delhi, 2008.
REFERENCE BOOKS/OTHER READING MATERIAL
3. Irving H. Shames, “Mechanics of Fluids”, 4rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
4. Streeter, Victor, Bedford, K.W. and Wylie, E. Benjamin, “Fluid Mechanics”, 2nd Edition, Tata
McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1997.
5. Douglas.J. F., Gasiorek and Swaffield, “Fluid Mechanics”, 3rd Edition, ELBS/ Pitman.U. K., 1995.

6. Laboratory Manual

Course nature Theory + Practical


Assessment Method – Theory Component (Weightage 50%)
Assessment Cycle test Surprise
In- Cycle test I Cycle Test III Quiz Total
tool II Test
semester
Weightage 10% 15% 15% 5% 5% 50%
End semester examination Weightage : 50%

Assessment Method – Practical Component (Weightage 50%)


Assessment MCQ/Quiz/Viva Model
In- Experiments Record Total
tool Voce examination
semester
Weightage 40% 5% 5% 10% 60%
End semester examination Weightage : 40%