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(R.A. 9275)
Engr. Divina Camarao
Existing Water Resources (NWRB)

 Marine Waters
• Cover an area of about 226,000 sq km,
including bays and gulfs
• Coastline stretches to about 36,289 km
• 70% of 1,500 municipalities are in
coastal areas

 Groundwater
Existing Water Resources (NWRB)
B. Inland Waters
 Lakes - 99
• Major (minimum area of 4 km2) - 16
• Minor (minimum area less than 4 km2) - 83
 Rivers
• Principal Rivers (with drainage area
not less than 40sqkm )- 421
• Major Rivers (drainage area
not less than 1,400 km2 ) - 18
Status of our Rivers
180 of 421 rivers are

50 are biologically

4 rivers are from

Metro Manila
DAO 2016-08

Water Quality Standards (WQS)

and General Effluent Standards (GES)
(repealed 1978 NPCC Rules and Regulations,
Effluent Regulations of 1982, & DAO 1990-34;
and modified DAO 1990-35)
Water Quality Standards (WQS):
- applies to all water bodies: freshwaters,
marine waters and groundwater
- Shall be used for classifying water
bodies and determining time trends
- Used in the process of designating
Water Body Classification and Usage of
Freshwaters (Rivers, Lakes)
Classification Intended Beneficial Use
Public Water Supply Class I –
Class AA Intended primarily for waters having
AA watersheds, which are uninhabited
and otherwise protected, and which
require only approved disinfection to
meet the latest PNSDW
Public Water Supply Class II –
Intended as sources of water supply
requiring conventional treatment
(coagulation, sedimentation,
A filtration and disinfection) to meet
the latest PNSDW
Water Body Classification and Usage of
Freshwaters (Rivers, Lakes)
Classification Intended Beneficial Use
Class B Recreational Water Class I –
Intended primary contact
B recreation such as bathing,
swimming, skin diving, etc.

1. Fishery Water for the propagation

and growth of fish and other
aquatic resources
2. Recreational Water Class II (for
C Boating, fishing, or similar
3. For agriculture, irrigation, and
livestock watering
Water Body Classification and Usage of
Freshwaters (Rivers, Lakes)
Classification Intended Beneficial Use

Class D Navigable waters

Water Body Classification and Usage
of Marine Waters
Classification Intended Beneficial Use
1.Protected Waters – Waters
designated as national or local
Class SA marine parks, reserves
SA sanctuaries and other areas
established by law (Presidential
Proclamation 1801, other existing
laws), and/or declared as such by
appropriate government agency,
LGUs, etc.

2.Fishery Water Class 1 –

suitable for shellfish harvesting
for direct human consumption.
Water Body Classification and Usage
of Marine Waters
Classification Intended Beneficial Use
1.Fishery Water Class II
Class SB
(Waters suitable for commercial
production of shellfish and
intended as spawning areas for
milkfish (Chanos chanos) and
similar species
SB 2.Tourist Zones – For
ecotourism and recreational
3.Recreational Water Class I
(Intended for primary contact
recreation (for bathing,
swimming, skin diving, etc.)
Water Classification and Usage
of Coastal and Marine Waters
Classification Intended Beneficial Use
1. Fishery Water Class III
(for the propagation and growth of
fish and aquatic resources and
SC intended for Commercial and
sustenance fishing)
1. Recreational Water Class II – For
boating, fishing and similar
2. Marshy and/or mangrove areas
declared as fish and wildlife

Navigable waters
Water Quality Guidelines for Primary
General Effluent Standards (GES):
- the legal restriction or limitation on
quantities, rates, and/or concentrations or
any combination thereof, of physical,
chemical or biological parameters of
effluent which a person or point source is
allowed to discharge into a water body;

- applicable to all industry categories and

defined accdg. to waterbody classification.
- means discharges from known source
which is passed into a body of water or
land, or any wastewater flowing out of a
manufacturing plant, industrial plant
including domestic, commercial or
recreational facilities.

Strong Wastes – wastewater whose initial BOD

value is equal or greater than 3,000mg/l
Effluent Standards for Industries
Producing Strong Wastes

Influent BOD Units, Class C Class D Class SC Class

3,000 to <6,500 mg/L 100 150 100 150

6,500 to <10,000 mg/L 200 300 200 300

10,000 to 30,000 mg/L 600 1,000 600 1,000

>30,000 mg/L 900 1,500 900 1,500

Salient Features of the
Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004
(RA 9275) and its
Implementing Rules and Regulations
(DAO 05‐10)
An Act Providing For A Comprehensive Water Quality
Management And For Other Purposes
Philippine Clean Water Act (RA 9275)
•Enacted on March 22, 2004
• Published on April 21,2004
• Took effect on May 6, 2004

Implementing Rules and Regulations of

the PCWA of 2004 (DAO 2005‐10)

•Signed by the Secretary on May 16, 2005

•Published last May 26, 2005 (Manila Times
and Manila Standard Today)

Sec. 2. Declaration of Policy

The State shall pursue a policy of economic growth in a
manner consistent with the protection, preservation
and revival of the quality of our fresh, brackish and
marine waters. To achieve this end, the framework for
sustainable development shall be pursued.
Objectives of the PCWA
• To protect the country’s water‐bodies from
pollution from land‐based sources

• To provide comprehensive and integrated

strategy to prevent and minimize pollution
through multi‐sectoral and participatory
approach involving all stakeholders
Coverage of the PCWA
The Act shall apply to:
• Water quality management in all water bodies

• The abatement and control of pollution from

land‐based sources

• Enforcement of water quality standards,

regulations and penalties
Sources of Pollution - National

Domestic Agricultural
Sources 33% 29%

Other Sources
11% Industrial 27%
Sources of Pollution - NCR

Water Quality Management
under the Clean Water Act
• Designation of Water Quality Management
The Department, in coordination with the National Water
Resources Board (NWRB), shall designate certain areas as
water quality management areas, using appropriate
physiographic units such as watershed, river basins, or water
resources regions. Said management areas shall have similar
hydrological, hydrogeological or geographic conditions which
affect the physicochemical, biological, and bacteriological
reactions and diffusions of pollutants in the water bodies, or
otherwise share common interest or face similar dev’t
programs, prospect or projects
Management of WQMAs
WQMAs are to be managed by multi-sectoral
Governing Boards chaired by the Secretary of the
DENR with representatives from the local
governments concerned (province/city/
municipality), the private sector, people’s
organization, NGOs, and concerned government
Objectives of Designating WQMA

WQMA is a significant tool in enforcing the CWA.

 Aims for the improvement of water quality to meet

the guidelines (DAO 34, s 1990) under which they
have been classified or to improve their
classification so that it meets its projected or
potential use.
 Creation of GB who will be responsible in the
preparation of draft WQMA Action Plan. The Plan
is prepared and implemented that provides
focused intervention/s to address specific water
quality problem/s in the area.
Sec. 14. Discharge Permits
• All owners or operators of
facilities that discharge
wastewater are required to get
a permit to discharge or
wastewater discharge permit
from the DENR.
Rule 14.1: Who may apply for WDP?

• Any person that shall discharge in any manner

wastewater into Philippine waters and/or
land shall secure a wastewater discharge
permit from the Regional Office of the
Discharge Permit:

• Legal authorization granted by the

DENR to discharge wastewater
• Permit information includes: quantity and quality of effluent

- quality and quantity of effluent

- compliance schedule
- monitoring requirement
Required Permit Information , among others:
1. quantity and quality of effluent
2. compliance schedule
3. monitoring requirement
• Required Permit Information, among others:
1. quantity and quality of effluent
2. compliance schedule
Jurisdiction of EMB - NCR
• Makati City
• Mandaluyong City
• San Juan City
• Las Pinas City
• Paranaque City
• Valenzuela City
• Malabon City
• Navotas City
Jurisdiction of LLDA
• Manila
• Quezon City
• Pasig City
• Taquig City
• Muntinlupa City
• Pasay City
• Caloocan City
• Marikina City
• Pateros
Wastewater Sources & Generation
• From Offices (per 8 hrs shift):
Sewage Generation: 15 gal/per capita/day

• Residential
Small dwellings & cottages: 50 gal/cap/day
Large dwellings w/ several fixtures: 75-100 gal/cap/day
Luxury residences & estates: 100-150 gal/cap/day
1. Fully accomplished Discharge Permit
Application form. Duly notarized

2. Appointment/designation paper of the

Pollution Control Officer (PCO) for the
establishment together with complete bio-
data, curriculum vitae and recent color ID
3. Engineer’s Report prepared by a Registered
Chemical or Sanitary Engineer or PCO.

a. Nature of project or business;

b. Brief description of project and operation


d. The nature and character of the applicant’s

wastewater and its physical and chemical
3. Engineer’s Report prepared by a Registered
Chemical or Sanitary Engineer or PCO.

e. Total daily volume of discharge of raw


f. Treatment process and estimated treatment

efficiency; The expected quality of the
effluent and other discharge shall meet the
Effluent Standards of the DENR;
g. The total daily volume of water consumption
and discharge of final treated wastewater
3. Engineer’s Report prepared by a Registered
Chemical or Sanitary Engineer or PCO.

h. The name of receiving body of water and its

official water classification and in case of land
discharge, the nearest receiving body of water
and its official water classification;

i. Information on flow measurement equipment

and procedure;

j. Pollution prevention/Environmental Mgt.

System plan or program;
3. Engineer’s Report prepared by a Registered
Chemical or Sanitary Engineer or PCO.

k. DENR ID Number as hazardous waste

generator (if applicable); and

l. State the cost incurred in the installation and

maintenance of wastewater treatment
facility; if any.
4. Drawing requirements in 50cm x 90cm paper
duly signed and sealed by Registered Chemical
or Sanitary Engineer
a. Vicinity Map of the Plant;
b. The wastewater line layout from the
wastewater sources to the WTF; and
c. Plan and elevation drawings of the WTF as
built with complete specifications
5. Official Receipt for the payment of the
applicable fees.
6. Copy of the ECC or Certificate of Non-Coverage
(CNC) from the Department.
7. Water billing statement for the whole year.
Rule 14.3: Renewal of Discharge Permits
•a) Copies of the quarterly self‐monitoring reports for the
immediately preceeding year;
•b) Copy of the Certificate of Accreditation of the PCO duly
issued by the Dept., or appointment/designation as such
by the Managing Head;
•c) Official Receipts for the payment of the applicable
Permit Fee and the Wastewater Discharge Fee; and
•d) Copy of the Water Billing Statement

30 days prior to expiry date

Rule 14.9 Effectivity of the Discharge

The Discharge Permit shall be valid

for a maximum period of five (5)
years from the date of its issuance,
renewable for 5 year- period.
Rule 14.5 Permit Fee
The applicant shall pay an annual permit
fee following the schedule below:
Volumetric Rate of Discharge Amount
Annual Fee (Pesos)
Zero Discharge 2,000.00

W/o Heavy Metals With Heavy Metals

Below 10 m3/day 2,000.00 2,600.00

> 10 m3/day – 30 m3/day 2,200.00 2,800.00
> 30 m3/day – 100 m3/day 2,500.00 3,100.00
> 100 m3/day – 150 m3/day 2,700.00 3,300.00
> 150 m3/day 3,300.00 3,900.00
Wastewater Charge System
• Established on the basis of payment to
government for discharging wastewater into
the water bodies
• Based on net waste load
(diff. Of initial load of abstracted water to
waste load of discharged effluent)
Wastewater Charge System
The Wastewater Discharge Fee Formula
WDF = Ln x R
Ln = net waste load
L n = [C f Ca ) (Q f x N f ) ] x 0.001
where: C f = average daily effluent concentration (mg/l) for priority
pollutant parameter (PPP: BOD or TSS)
Ca = average water quality concentration for PPP of
abstracted or intake water
Q f = average volumetric flowrate measurement or final
discharge effluent (m 3 / day)
N f = is the total number of discharge days in a year
R = rate of charge per pollutant
Sample Computation

Effluent BOD = 15 mg/
Abstracted water BOD = 0 mg/L
Volume of Discharge = 75 cu.m./day
No. of Days of Operation = 365 days/yr
(Sept. 2013-August 2014)
Ln = (15-0) mg/L x 75 cu.m./day
x 365 days/yr. x 0.001
Ln = 410.625 kg/yr

WDF = 410.625 kg/yr x P 5.00/kg.

= P 2053/yr.

Permit Fee: P 2,500.00 (30 m3/day – 100


 Discharging, depositing or causing to be

deposited material of any kind directly or
indirectly into water bodies or along the
margin of any surface water

 Discharging, injecting or allowing to seep into

the soil or sub-soil any substance in any form
that would pollute groundwater.

 Discharging regulated water pollutants

without the valid required discharge

 Refusal to allow entry, inspection and

monitoring as well as access to reports and

 Operating facilities that discharge regulated

water pollutants without the valid required
permits or after the permit was revoked for
any violation of any conditions therein.

 Disposal of potentially infectious medical

wastes into seawater by vessels

 Unauthorized transport or dumping into

seawater of sewage sludge or solid waste
as defined under RA 6969

 Transport, dumping or discharge of

prohibited chemicals ,substances or
pollutants listed under RA 6969

 Refusal or failure to submit reports and/or

designate Pollution Control Officer

 Directly using booster pumps in the

distribution system or tampering with the
water supply in such a way to alter or
impair the water quality

 Operate facilities that discharge or allow

to seep, willfully or through grave
negligence, prohibited chemicals,
substances, or pollutants listed under RA
6969, into water bodies

 Undertake activities or development and

expansion of projects, or operating
wastewater treatment/sewerage facilities
in violation of PD 1586 and its IRR
Violation Penalty/Civil Liability
Upon the recommendation of Fine of not less than PhP10,000 but not
the PAB, anyone who more than PhP200,000
commits prohibited acts such for every day of violation
as Discharging of untreated
wastewater into any water body

Failure to undertake clean‐up Imprisonment not less than 2 yrs. but

operations– not more than 4 yrs. ; A fine of not less
than PhP50,000 but not more than
PhP100,000 per day of violation
Failure or refusal to clean‐up Imprisonment of not less than 6 yrs. and
which results in serious injury or 1 day and not more than 12 yrs. and fine
loss of life or lead to irreversible of PhP500,000 per day for each violation
water contamination
Magandang Maka-kalikasang Araw sa Inyo
Salamat Po!