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Steam tracing simulation for determining Process Fluid Temperature

SI Unit Version
Author: J.A.B. de Lange
Source: www.cheresources.com
Press "Ctrl L" to activate the macro that runs the simulation.

! It is extremely important that the references in the Outputs section and the Data sheet not be changed, as th
! It is also very important to read the messages at the bottom of the screen each time the simulation has been

Inputs

Line Number 123


Pipe Length (m) 40

Steam Specification
Steam Pressure (kPa) 400

Process Fluid Pipe


Pipe NPS (inches) 8"
Pipe schedule STD
Pipe material Carbon steel
Minimum allowable fluid temperature (ºC) 30

Steam tracing available


Bare/Cemented Bare
Amount of Available Tracers 1
Tracer NPS (inches) ½"
Tracer Pipe Material Stainless Steel

Insulation Specifications
Insulation Material Rock Wool 40 kg/m³
Insulation Thickness (mm) 55
Emissivity of insulation lagging 0.4

Ambient Conditions
Ambient Temperature (ºC) 19
Wind Velocity (km/h) 10.8

Messages
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
Hottest Surface Temperature Acceptable for Personnel Protection, insulation thickness ok
Insulation thickness acceptable, but refer to the second message for further information
Steam pressure acceptable
Process Fluid Temperature acceptable, and above Minimum Allowable Fluid Temperature
cess Fluid Temperature

Assumptions:
Saturated Steam is used, pressure drop along length of pipe neglegible
Resistance to heat transfer through tracer pipe wall material is neglegible

ction and the Data sheet not be changed, as this will cause the program to respond incorrectly.
the screen each time the simulation has been run, before evaluating the outputs.

Ouputs

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºC) 84.5

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºC) 143.6
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 7

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºC) 63
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 109.54
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 8.18
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 101.36
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 52.8

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67
Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.04077
Temperature Range (ºC) -43 to 200ºC
Average Insulation Temperature (ºC) 47

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºC) 55
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/m²K) 10.3

on, insulation thickness ok


ge for further information

owable Fluid Temperature


0
0
Steam tracing simulation for determining Process Fluid Temperature
Imperial Unit Version
Author: J.A.B. de Lange
Source: www.cheresources.com
Press "Ctrl r" to activate the macro that runs the simulation.

! It is extremely important that the references in the Outputs section and the Data sheet not be changed, as th
! It is also very important to read the messages at the bottom of the screen each time the simulation has been

Inputs

Line Number 123


Pipe Length (ft) 131.233

Steam Specification
Steam Pressure (psi) 58.013

Process Fluid Pipe


Pipe NPS (inches) 8"
Pipe schedule STD
Pipe material Carbon steel
Minimum allowable fluid temperature (ºF) 86

Steam tracing available


Bare/Cemented Bare
Amount of Available Tracers 1
Tracer NPS (inches) ½"
Tracer Pipe Material Stainless Steel

Insulation Specifications
Insulation Material Rock Wool 40 kg/m³
Insulation Thickness (inches) 2
Emissivity of insulation lagging 0.4

Ambient Conditions
Ambient Temperature (ºF) 66
Wind Velocity (ft/s) 9

Messages
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
Hottest Surface Temperature Acceptable for Personnel Protection, insulation thickness ok
Insulation thickness acceptable, but refer to the second message for further information
Steam pressure acceptable
Process Fluid Temperature acceptable, and above Minimum Allowable Fluid Temperature
cess Fluid Temperature

Assumptions:
Saturated Steam is used, pressure drop along length of pipe neglegible
Resistance to heat transfer through tracer pipe wall material is neglegible

ction and the Data sheet not be changed, as this will cause the program to respond incorrectly.
f the screen each time the simulation has been run, before evaluating the outputs.

Ouputs

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºF) 181.0

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºF) 290.5
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 16

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºF) 139
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthºF) 30.6

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42
Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthºF) 0.02589
Temperature Range (ºF) -45 to 390ºF
Average Insulation Temperature (ºF) 113

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºF) 139
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft2hºF) 1.8

on, insulation thickness ok


ge for further information

owable Fluid Temperature


0
0
Before attempting to run the simulations, make sure your version of excel is configured as follows:
Selecting the cell will display instructions.

1 Install Solver
2 Make sure the macro function can use Solver

If at any time Solver reports an error message after a macro has been run, simply uninstall the Solver Add-In from the Add-
Ins menu (found under Tools), and reinstall Solver as described under "Install Solver".

If the above has no effect on the outcome of the error message, try guessing another value for the insulation thickness. Solver
sometimes converges to different values depending on the initial starting value.
r Add-In from the Add-

sulation thickness. Solver


SI units
Available Steam
Latent Heat (kJ/kg)
604.5349875838

Pipes Bare
Reference 1 11 Cemented
Reference 2 8

Thermal conductivity, PFP, kw, (W/mK)


Temperature,K 298.15 398.15 498.15 kw
Stainless steel 16 17 19 16.40655677
Carbon steel 54 51 47 52.8291453
Copper 401 400 398 400.5934432
Brass 109 109 109 109
Aluminium 250 255 250 251.6666667
Iron 80 68 60 75.51184373

Thermal conductivity, Insu


Temperature, K 230 240 255 270 283.15
Fiberglass 0.032
Foam Glass 0.045 0.046666 0.0486915 0.050880017 0.0529307
Calcium silicate 0.0538
Rigid Polyurethane 0.024894325 0.0251241047 0.0254462747 0.025741445 0.025978
Cellular glass 0.046 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.0547
Rock Wool 40 kg/m³ 0.036
Rock Wool 60 kg/m³ 0.0346
Rock Wool 80 kg/m³ 0.038

Reference
6

Ambient Temperature
Wind speed (m/s) (km/h) є q -10
0 0 0 30.2010230909 -9
1 3.6 0.05 56.2183814945 -8
2 7.2 0.1 -7
3 10.8 0.15 -6
4 14.4 0.2 -5
5 18 0.25 -4
6 21.6 0.3 -3
7 25.2 0.35 -2
8 28.8 0.4 -1
9 32.4 0.45 0
10 36 0.5 1
11 39.6 0.55 2
12 43.2 0.6 3
13 46.8 0.65 4
14 50.4 0.7 5
15 54 0.75 6
16 57.6 0.8 7
17 61.2 0.85 8
18 64.8 0.9 9
19 68.4 0.95 10
20 72 1 11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Imperial Units

Available steam
Latent Heat (BTU/lbm)
259.9156

Pipes Bare
Reference 1 11 Cemented
Reference 2 8

Thermal conductivity, PFP, kw, (BTU/fthºF)


Temperature,K 77 257 437 kw
Stainless steel 9.243212016 9.8209127672 10.9763142692 9.447509033
Carbon steel 31.19584055 29.462738302 27.1519352975 30.59076957
Copper 231.6580012 231.0803004 229.9248989024 231.4537041
Brass 62.96938186 62.96938186 62.9693818602 62.96938186
Aluminium 144.4251878 147.31369151 144.4251877527 145.3880223
Iron 46.21606008 39.283651069 34.6620450607 43.82705641

Thermal conductivity, Insu


Temperature, K 230 240 255 270 283.15
Fiberglass 0.032
Foam Glass 0.045 0.046666 0.0486915 0.050880017 0.0529307
Calcium silicate 0.0538
Rigid Polyurethane 0.024894325 0.0251241047 0.0254462747 0.025741445 0.025978
Cellular glass 0.046 0.048 0.051 0.052 0.0547
Rock Wool 40 kg/m³ 0.036
Rock Wool 60 kg/m³ 0.0346
Rock Wool 80 kg/m³ 0.038

Reference
6

Ambient Temperature
Wind speed (ft/s) є q (BTU/hft )
2
-4
0 0 9.9887932638 -3
3 0.05 18.6790167168 -2
6 0.1 -1
9 0.15 0
12 0.2 1
15 0.25 2
18 0.3 3
21 0.35 4
24 0.4 5
27 0.45 6
30 0.5 7
33 0.55 8
36 0.6 9
39 0.65 10
42 0.7 11
45 0.75 12
48 0.8 13
51 0.85 14
54 0.9 15
57 0.95 16
60 1 17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
Amount of Tracers
1 Tracer OD OD (Inches) OD (mm)
2 ¼" 0.672 17.0688
3 ½" 0.84 21.336
4 ¾" 1.05 26.67
5 1" 1.315 33.401
Reference 2
Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel

Reference
2

hermal conductivity, Insulation material, kins


297.15 310.85 323.15 348.15 373.15
0.033 0.034314 0.037 0.04 0.044
0.05525 0.0576544 0.0599275 0.064880625 0.07028
0.054 0.055 0.056 0.0575 0.059582
0.026207 0.0264084 0.02657 0.0268425 0.02704
0.0578 0.0621 0.064 0.0674 0.070455
0.038 0.04 0.042 0.0475 0.054
0.0368 0.039 0.041 0.0448 0.048
0.039 0.04 0.041 0.0436 0.046

mbient Temperature Outputs


Ouputs: Bare

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºC) 84.5

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºC) 143.6192329
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 7.21

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºC) 63.21489606
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 109.54
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 8.18
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 101.36
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 52.8

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67

Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.04077
Temperature Range (ºC) -43 to 200ºC
Average Insulation Temperature (ºC) 46.60

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºC) 55.22
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/m²K) 10.3

Ouputs: Cemented

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºC) 113.2

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºC) 143.6192329
Steam Consumption (kg/h) 14.91

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºC) 121.95
Pipe Outer Radius (mm) 109.54
Pipe Wall Thickness (mm) 8.18
Pipe Inner Radius (mm) 101.36
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (W/mK) 52.8

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (mm) 10.67

Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (W/mK) 0.04077
Temperature Range (ºC) -43 to 200ºC
Average Insulation Temperature (ºC) 74.03

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºC) 1.14
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (W/m²K) 11.4

L act (mm) 68.69313238

Amount of Tracers Tracer OD OD (Inches) OD (mm)


1 ¼" 0.672 17.0688
2 ½" 0.84 21.336
3 ¾" 1.05 26.67
4 1" 1.315 33.401
5 Reference 2
Stainless Steel
Carbon Steel

Reference
2

hermal conductivity, Insulation material, kins, (BTU/fthºF)


297.15 310.85 323.15 348.15 373.15
0.033 0.034314 0.037 0.04 0.044
0.05525 0.0576544 0.0599275 0.064880625 0.07028
0.054 0.055 0.056 0.0575 0.059582
0.026207 0.0264084 0.02657 0.0268425 0.02704
0.0578 0.0621 0.064 0.0674 0.070455
0.038 0.04 0.042 0.0475 0.054
0.0368 0.039 0.041 0.0448 0.048
0.039 0.04 0.041 0.0436 0.046

mbient Temperature Outputs


ºF Ouputs: Bare

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºF) 181.0

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºF) 290.51456
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 15.99

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºF) 139.44
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthºF) 30.6

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42

Spacers Required

Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthºF) 0.02589
Temperature Range (ºF) -45 to 390ºF
Average Insulation Temperature (ºF) 113.09

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºF) 139.43
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft2hºF) 1.8

Ouputs: Cemented

Other Information
Annulus Temperature (ºF) 235.5

Steam Information
Steam Temperature (ºF) 290.51456
Steam Consumption (lbm/h) 40.03

Process Fluid Pipe


Process Fluid Temperature (ºF) 250.86
Pipe Outer Radius (inches) 4.31
Pipe Wall Thickness (inches) 0.32
Pipe Inner Radius (inches) 3.99
Wall Material Thermal Conductivity, kw, (BTU/fthºF) 30.6

Steam Tracer Information


Tracer Outer Radius (inches) 0.42

Spacers Required
Insulation Information
Thermal Conductivity, k(ins), (BTU/fthºF) 0.02589
Temperature Range (ºF) -45 to 390ºF
Average Insulation Temperature (ºF) 165.16

Outer Surface Information


Hottest Outside Surface Temperature (ºF) 7.99
Surface Film Coefficient, ho, (BTU/ft2hºF) 2.0

L act (inches) 2.696919514


Cement
0.21
0.2625
0.2625

398.15 423.15 448.15 473.15


0.047 0.052 0.057 0.062
0.076125625 0.0824175 0.089155625 0.09634
0.061 0.0635 0.066 0.068
0.0271625 0.02721 0.0271825 0.02708
0.0748 0.08 0.086 0.093
0.059 0.065 0.0739 0.085
0.053 0.058 0.062 0.065
0.05 0.055 0.059 0.064

k1 21.2153194989
k2 0.4798216539

acos((r1-r2)/(r1+r2)) 0.6049902318 Starting Values Diff


Tsurf pipe bare ºC 21.9453671216 21.9453558017 1.281403E-10
Tsurf pipe cement 23.9432905143 23.9432758844 2.140343E-10
Process fluid temp (Bare) 63.22 1.311183E-08
Process fluid temp (Cement) 121.9520537034 8.636178E-08
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
9.981579E-08
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree

Please refer to Sheet "SI Version" or "Imperial Unit Version" again to continue.
c1 14.8343669672
c2 0.482482743
c3 1.6078799145
NPS qt (W/m²K)
½" 34.4 60.2879608
¾" 34.4 60.2879608
1" 34.3 60.1127051
1½" 34.3 60.1127051
2" 32.6 57.1333582
2½" 31 54.329267
3" 29.1 50.9994087
3½" 27.8 48.7210846
4" 26.9 47.1437833
6" 23.8 41.7108566
8" 21.5 37.6799755
10" 18.4 32.2470488
12" 14.6 25.5873322
14" 12.2 21.3811954
16" 9.8 17.1750586
18" 9.8 17.1750586
20" 9.8 17.1750586
24" 9.7 16.9998029
30" 9.7 16.9998029
36" 9.7 16.9998029
42" 9.6 16.8245472
48" 9.6 16.8245472
37.6799755
mm inch
Insthick 55.00 2.1653543307

Cement
0.168
0.21
0.168

398.15 423.15 448.15 473.15


0.047 0.052 0.057 0.062
0.076125625 0.0824175 0.089155625 0.09634
0.061 0.0635 0.066 0.068
0.0271625 0.02721 0.0271825 0.02708
0.0748 0.08 0.086 0.093
0.059 0.065 0.0739 0.085
0.053 0.058 0.062 0.065
0.05 0.055 0.059 0.064

k1 22.2229105102
k2 0.3026124383
ctrl + r
acos((r1-r2)/(r1+r2)) 0.6049908005 Starting Values Diff
Tsurf pipe bare ºF 71.6365966939 71.6360451364 3.042157E-07
Tsurf pipe cement ºF 75.4978761365 75.4979822964 1.126994E-08
Process fluid temp Bare 139.4368707161 8.666488E-08
Process fluid temp Cement 250.8559653901 3.934825E-07
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree
7.95633E-07
Solution converged to a satisfactory degree

Please refer to Sheet "SI Version" or "Imperial Unit Version" again to continue.

c1 -112.4963972681
c2 0.0371963788
c3 3.01
NPS qt (BTU/ft²hºF)
½" 34.4
¾" 34.4
1" 34.3
1½" 34.3
2" 32.6
2½" 31
3" 29.1
3½" 27.8
4" 26.9
6" 23.8
8" 21.5
10" 18.4
12" 14.6
14" 12.2
16" 9.8
18" 9.8
20" 9.8
24" 9.7
30" 9.7
36" 9.7
42" 9.6
48" 9.6
21.5

mm inch
Insthick 55.00 2.1653543307

α 0.6049908005
Ф 1.5084626746
498.15 523.15 573.15 598.15 623.15 648.15 673.15
0.068 0.075
0.103970625 0.1120475
0.071 0.0742363 0.08 0.083 0.086 0.09 0.0928
0.0269025 0.02665 0.02592 0.025443 0.02489 0.024263 0.02356
- - - - - - -
0.097 0.118
0.069 0.072
0.069 0.0738

Bare
Cem

" again to continue.


498.15 523.15 573.15 598.15 623.15 648.15 673.15
0.068 0.075
0.103970625 0.1120475
0.071 0.0742363 0.08 0.083 0.086 0.09 0.0928
0.0269025 0.02665 0.02592 0.025443 0.02489 0.024263 0.02356
- - - - - - -
0.097 0.118
0.069 0.072
0.069 0.0738
" again to continue.
698.15 723.15 748.15 773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 KinsInterp
0.0358708963
0.0613950092
0.096 0.0999 0.104 0.108 0.116 0.126 0.137 0.0522946724
0.022783 0.02193 0.021003 0.02 0.01777 0.01524 0.01241 0.0269756493
- - - - - - - 0.0622147963
0.0407723276
0.0404430882
0.0407230062
698.15 723.15 748.15 773.15 823.15 873.15 923.15 KinsInterp(W/mK)
0.0381599432
0.0643335264
0.096 0.0999 0.104 0.108 0.116 0.126 0.137 0.0539083247
0.022783 0.02193 0.021003 0.02 0.01777 0.01524 0.01241 0.0267880931
- - - - - - - 0.064626427
0.0448103477
0.0425351851
0.0426913064
Temp range
10 to 250ºC
-43 to 250ºC
10 to 650ºC
10 to 650ºC
-43 to 200ºC
-43 to 200ºC
10 to 250ºC
10 to 250ºC
Temp range Kins(BTU/fthºF)
50 to 480ºF 0.022045028
-45 to 480ºF 0.037165527
50 to 1200ºF 0.0311428796
50 to 1200ºF 0.015475502
-45 to 390ºF 0.037334735
-45 to 390ºF 0.025886971
50 to 480ºF 0.024572608
50 to 480ºF 0.0246628
Steam Table SI Units Steam Table Imperial Units
pressure temp Hf pressure temp H(latent)
kPa K kJ/kg psia deg F BTU/lb
6.895 311.894 162.18 1 101.74 69.73
13.79 325.411 218.7 2 126.07 94.03
20.685 333.967 254.5 3 141.47 109.42
27.58 340.35 281.25 4 152.96 120.92
34.475 345.506 302.83 5 162.24 130.2
41.37 349.844 321.04 6 170.05 138.03
48.265 353.617 336.86 7 176.84 144.83
55.16 356.961 350.91 8 182.86 150.87
62.055 359.967 363.54 9 188.27 156.3
68.95 362.711 375.07 10 193.21 161.26
75.845 365.233 385.68 11 197.75 165.82
82.74 367.572 395.52 12 201.96 170.05
89.635 369.75 404.7 13 205.88 174
96.53 371.794 413.33 14 209.56 177.71
103.425 373.722 421.47 15 213.03 181.21
110.32 375.55 429.17 16 216.32 184.52
117.215 377.283 436.48 17 219.44 187.66
124.11 378.933 443.45 18 222.41 190.66
131.005 380.506 450.11 19 225.24 193.52
137.9 382.017 456.5 20 227.96 196.27
144.795 383.467 462.62 21 230.57 198.9
151.69 384.856 468.53 22 233.07 201.44
158.585 386.2 474.2 23 235.49 203.88
165.48 387.494 479.69 24 237.82 206.24
172.375 388.744 484.99 25 240.07 208.52
179.27 389.956 490.06 26 242.25 210.7
186.165 391.128 495.18 27 244.36 212.9
193.06 392.267 499.83 28 246.41 214.9
199.955 393.372 504.72 29 248.4 217
206.85 394.45 509.14 30 250.34 218.9
213.745 395.494 513.56 31 252.22 220.8
220.64 396.511 517.98 32 254.05 222.7
227.535 397.506 522.16 33 255.84 224.5
234.43 398.472 526.35 34 257.58 226.3
241.325 399.422 530.3 35 259.29 228
248.22 400.344 534.26 36 260.95 229.7
255.115 401.25 538.21 37 262.58 231.4
262.01 402.133 541.93 38 264.17 233
268.905 402.994 545.65 39 265.72 234.6
275.8 403.844 549.14 40 267.25 236.1
282.695 404.672 552.86 41 268.74 237.7
289.59 405.489 556.35 42 270.21 239.2
296.485 406.289 559.61 43 271.65 240.6
303.38 407.072 563.1 44 273.06 242.1
310.275 407.839 566.35 45 274.44 243.5
317.17 408.594 569.61 46 275.8 244.9
324.065 409.339 572.63 47 277.14 246.2
330.96 410.067 575.89 48 278.45 247.6
337.855 410.783 578.91 49 279.74 248.9
344.75 411.494 581.94 50 281.02 250.2
351.645 412.189 584.96 51 282.27 251.5
358.54 412.872 587.98 52 283.5 252.8
365.435 413.544 590.78 53 284.71 254
372.33 414.206 593.57 54 285.9 255.2
379.225 414.861 596.36 55 287.08 256.4
386.12 415.506 599.15 56 288.24 257.6
393.015 416.139 601.94 57 289.38 258.8
399.91 416.761 604.5 58 290.5 259.9
406.805 417.383 607.29 59 291.62 261.1
413.7 417.989 609.85 60 292.71 262.2
420.595 418.589 612.41 61 293.79 263.3
427.49 419.183 614.97 62 294.86 264.4
434.385 419.767 617.52 63 295.91 265.5
441.28 420.344 620.08 64 296.95 266.6
448.175 420.917 622.41 65 297.98 267.6
455.07 421.478 624.97 66 298.99 268.7
461.965 422.033 627.29 67 299.99 269.7
468.86 422.589 629.62 68 300.99 270.7
475.755 423.128 631.94 69 301.96 271.7
482.65 423.667 634.27 70 302.93 272.7
489.545 424.2 636.6 71 303.89 273.7
496.44 424.722 638.92 72 304.83 274.7
503.335 425.244 641.25 73 305.77 275.7
510.23 425.756 643.34 74 306.69 276.6
517.125 426.267 645.67 75 307.61 277.6
524.02 426.767 647.76 76 308.51 278.5
530.915 427.267 649.85 77 309.41 279.4
537.81 427.756 651.95 78 310.29 280.3
544.705 428.244 654.27 79 311.17 281.3
551.6 428.728 656.13 80 312.04 282.1
558.495 429.206 658.23 81 312.9 283
565.39 429.678 660.32 82 313.75 283.9
572.285 430.15 662.41 83 314.6 284.8
579.18 430.611 664.51 84 315.43 285.7
586.075 431.072 666.37 85 316.26 286.5
592.97 431.528 668.46 86 317.08 287.4
599.865 431.978 670.32 87 317.89 288.2
606.76 432.422 672.18 88 318.69 289
613.655 432.867 674.28 89 319.49 289.9
620.55 433.306 676.14 90 320.28 290.7
627.445 433.739 678 91 321.06 291.5
634.34 434.172 679.86 92 321.84 292.3
641.235 434.6 681.72 93 322.61 293.1
648.13 435.022 683.58 94 323.37 293.9
655.025 435.444 685.44 95 324.13 294.7
661.92 435.861 687.3 96 324.88 295.5
668.815 436.278 689.16 97 325.63 296.3
675.71 436.683 690.79 98 326.36 297
682.605 437.094 692.65 99 327.1 297.8
689.5 437.494 694.28 100 327.82 298.5
696.395 437.894 696.14 101 328.54 299.3
703.29 438.294 697.77 102 329.26 300
710.185 438.689 699.63 103 329.97 300.8
717.08 439.078 701.26 104 330.67 301.5
723.975 439.467 702.88 105 331.37 302.2
730.87 439.85 704.74 106 332.06 303
737.765 440.233 706.37 107 332.75 303.7
744.66 440.617 708 108 333.44 304.4
751.555 440.989 709.63 109 334.11 305.1
758.45 441.367 711.26 110 334.79 305.8
765.345 441.739 712.88 111 335.46 306.5
772.24 442.106 714.51 112 336.12 307.2
779.135 442.472 716.14 113 336.78 307.9
786.03 442.833 717.77 114 337.43 308.6
792.925 443.194 719.4 115 338.08 309.3
799.82 443.556 720.79 116 338.73 309.9
806.715 443.911 722.42 117 339.37 310.6
813.61 444.267 724.05 118 340.01 311.3
820.505 444.617 725.44 119 340.64 311.9
827.4 444.967 727.07 120 341.27 312.6
834.295 445.311 728.47 121 341.89 313.2
841.19 445.656 730.1 122 342.51 313.9
848.085 446 731.49 123 343.13 314.5
854.98 446.339 733.12 124 343.74 315.2
861.875 446.678 734.52 125 344.35 315.8
868.77 447.011 735.91 126 344.95 316.4
875.665 447.344 737.54 127 345.55 317.1
882.56 447.678 738.93 128 346.15 317.7
889.455 448.006 740.33 129 346.74 318.3
896.35 448.333 741.96 130 347.33 319
903.245 448.661 743.35 131 347.92 319.6
910.14 448.983 744.75 132 348.5 320.2
917.035 449.306 746.15 133 349.08 320.8
923.93 449.622 747.54 134 349.65 321.4
930.825 449.944 748.94 135 350.23 322
937.72 450.256 750.33 136 350.79 322.6
944.615 450.572 751.73 137 351.36 323.2
951.51 450.883 753.12 138 351.92 323.8
958.405 451.194 754.52 139 352.48 324.4
965.3 451.506 755.91 140 353.04 325
972.195 451.811 757.08 141 353.59 325.5
979.09 452.117 758.47 142 354.14 326.1
985.985 452.422 759.87 143 354.69 326.7
992.88 452.722 761.26 144 355.23 327.3
999.775 453.022 762.43 145 355.77 327.8
1006.67 453.322 763.82 146 356.31 328.4
1013.565 453.617 765.22 147 356.84 329
1020.46 453.917 766.38 148 357.38 329.5
1027.355 454.211 767.78 149 357.91 330.1
1034.25 454.5 768.94 150 358.43 330.6
1048.04 455.083 771.73 152 359.48 331.8
1061.83 455.656 774.06 154 360.51 332.8
1075.62 456.222 776.61 156 361.53 333.9
1089.41 456.789 779.17 158 362.55 335
1103.2 457.344 781.73 160 363.55 336.1
1116.99 457.894 784.06 162 364.54 337.1
1130.78 458.444 786.62 164 365.53 338.2
1144.57 458.983 788.94 166 366.5 339.2
1158.36 459.522 791.27 168 367.47 340.2
1172.15 460.05 793.59 170 368.42 341.2
1185.94 460.578 795.92 172 369.37 342.2
1199.73 461.1 798.25 174 370.31 343.2
1213.52 461.617 800.57 176 371.24 344.2
1227.31 462.128 802.9 178 372.16 345.2
1241.1 462.639 805.22 180 373.08 346.2
1254.89 463.139 807.55 182 373.98 347.2
1268.68 463.639 809.64 184 374.88 348.1
1282.47 464.133 811.97 186 375.77 349.1
1296.26 464.622 814.06 188 376.65 350
1310.05 465.111 816.15 190 377.53 350.9
1323.84 465.594 818.48 192 378.4 351.9
1337.63 466.072 820.57 194 379.26 352.8
1351.42 466.55 822.67 196 380.12 353.7
1365.21 467.017 824.76 198 380.96 354.6
1379 467.483 826.85 200 381.8 355.5
1413.475 468.639 831.97 205 383.88 357.7
1447.95 469.767 837.09 210 385.91 359.9
1482.425 470.878 842.2 215 387.91 362.1
1516.9 471.972 847.09 220 389.88 364.2
1551.375 473.039 851.74 225 391.8 366.2
1585.85 474.094 856.62 230 393.7 368.3
1620.325 475.128 861.28 235 395.56 370.3
1654.8 476.144 865.93 240 397.39 372.3
1689.275 477.144 870.35 245 399.19 374.2
1723.75 478.133 874.77 250 400.97 376.1
1758.225 479.106 879.19 255 402.72 378
1792.7 480.061 883.61 260 404.44 379.9
1827.175 481 887.79 265 406.13 381.7
1861.65 481.928 892.21 270 407.8 383.6
1896.125 482.844 896.4 275 409.45 385.4
1930.6 483.744 900.35 280 411.07 387.1
1965.075 484.633 904.54 285 412.67 388.9
1999.55 485.511 908.49 290 414.25 390.6
2034.025 486.378 912.45 295 415.81 392.3
2068.5 487.233 916.4 300 417.35 394
2206.4 490.544 931.52 320 423.31 400.5
2344.3 493.7 946.17 340 428.99 406.8
2482.2 496.711 960.13 360 434.41 412.8
2620.1 499.6 973.62 380 439.61 418.6
2758 502.372 986.64 400 444.6 424.2
2895.9 505.039 999.2 420 449.4 429.6
3033.8 507.611 1011.3 440 454.03 434.8
3171.7 510.094 1022.9 460 458.5 439.8
3309.6 512.494 1034.3 480 462.82 444.7
3447.5 514.822 1045.5 500 467.01 449.5
3585.4 517.078 1056.4 520 471.07 454.2
3723.3 519.267 1066.9 540 475.01 458.7
3861.2 521.394 1077.1 560 478.84 463.1
3999.1 523.467 1087.4 580 482.57 467.5
4137 525.483 1097.1 600 486.2 471.7
4274.9 527.45 1106.7 620 489.74 475.8
4412.8 529.367 1116.2 640 493.19 479.9
4550.7 531.244 1125.5 660 496.57 483.9
4688.6 533.072 1134.6 680 499.86 487.8
4826.5 534.861 1143.4 700 503.08 491.6
4964.4 536.611 1152.2 720 506.23 495.4
5102.3 538.328 1160.9 740 509.32 499.1
5240.2 540.006 1169.2 760 512.34 502.7
5378.1 541.65 1177.6 780 515.3 506.3
5516 543.267 1185.7 800 518.21 509.8
5653.9 544.85 1193.9 820 521.06 513.3
5791.8 546.406 1201.8 840 523.86 516.7
5929.7 547.928 1209.7 860 526.6 520.1
6067.6 549.428 1217.4 880 529.3 523.4
6205.5 550.9 1225 900 531.95 526.7
6343.4 552.35 1232.7 920 534.56 530
6481.3 553.778 1240.2 940 537.13 533.2
6619.2 555.178 1247.4 960 539.65 536.3
6757.1 556.561 1254.8 980 542.14 539.5
6895 557.917 1262 1000 544.58 542.6
7239.75 561.222 1279.5 1050 550.53 550.1
7584.5 564.417 1296.7 1100 556.28 557.5
7929.25 567.494 1313.7 1150 561.82 564.8
8274 570.478 1330.2 1200 567.19 571.9
8618.75 573.361 1346.2 1250 572.38 578.8
8963.5 576.161 1362 1300 577.42 585.6
9308.25 578.883 1377.4 1350 582.32 592.2
9653 581.522 1392.7 1400 587.07 598.8
9997.75 584.094 1407.9 1450 591.7 605.3
10342.5 586.594 1422.7 1500 596.2 611.7
11032 591.411 1451.8 1600 604.87 624.2
11721.5 596 1480.4 1700 613.13 636.5
12411 600.383 1508.3 1800 621.02 648.5
13100.5 604.572 1536 1900 628.56 660.4
13790 608.594 1563.2 2000 635.8 672.1
14479.5 612.461 1590.4 2100 642.76 683.8
15169 616.178 1617.7 2200 649.45 695.5
15858.5 619.756 1644.9 2300 655.89 707.2
16548 623.211 1672.3 2400 662.11 719
17237.5 626.544 1701.9 2500 668.11 731.7
17927 629.767 1731.6 2600 673.91 744.5
18616.5 632.889 1761.4 2700 679.53 757.3
19306 635.906 1792.6 2800 684.96 770.7
19995.5 638.828 1826.1 2900 690.22 785.1
20685 641.667 1864.9 3000 695.33 801.8
400 416.769 604.53 58.013 290.51 259.916

Ref P T H Ref P T H
58 399.91 416.761 604.5 58 58 290.5 259.9
59 406.805 417.383 607.29 59 59 291.62 261.1
PIPE INTERNAL DIAME

PIPE SIZE OD SCH 5S SCH 10 SCH 10S SCH 20 SCH 30 SCH 40 SCH 40S
5S 10 10S 20 30 40 40S
½" 21.336 18.034 - 17.12 - - 15.799 15.799
¾" 26.67 23.368 - 22.454 - - 20.93 20.93
1" 33.401 30.099 - 27.864 - - 26.645 26.645
1½" 48.26 44.958 - 42.723 - - 40.894 40.894
2" 60.325 57.023 - 54.788 - - 52.501 52.501
2½" 73.025 68.809 - 66.929 - - 62.713 62.713
3" 88.9 84.684 - 82.804 - - 77.927 77.927
3½" 101.6 97.384 - 95.504 - - 90.12 90.12
4" 114.3 110.084 - 108.204 - - 102.26 102.26
6" 168.28 162.742 - 161.472 - - 154.056 154.056
8" 219.08 213.542 - 211.562 206.38 205.008 202.722 202.722
10" 273.05 266.242 - 264.668 260.35 257.454 254.508 254.508
12" 323.85 315.936 314.71 311.15 307.086 303.226 304.8
14" 355.6 347.676 342.9 346.05 339.75 336.55 333.35 -
16" 406.4 398.018 393.7 396.85 390.55 387.35 381 -
18" 457.2 448.818 444.5 447.65 441.35 434.95 428.65 -
20" 508 498.45 495.3 496.93 488.95 482.6 477.824 -
24" 609.6 598.526 596.9 596.9 590.554 581.05 574.654 -
30" 762 748.73 746.158 746.15 736.678 730.25 - -
42" 1066.8 - - - - - -
48" 1219.2 - - - - - -

PIPE WALL THICKNE

PIPE SIZE Radius OD SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH
5S 10 10S 20 30 40 40S
½" 10.668 21.336 1.651 - 2.108 - - 2.769 2.769
¾" 13.335 26.67 1.651 - 2.108 - - 2.87 2.87
1" 16.7005 33.401 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.378 3.378
1½" 24.13 48.26 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.683 3.683
2" 30.1625 60.325 1.651 - 2.769 - - 3.912 3.912
2½" 36.5125 73.025 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.156 5.156
3" 44.45 88.9 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.487 5.487
3½" 50.8 101.6 2.108 - 3.048 - - 5.74 5.74
4" 57.15 114.3 2.108 - 3.048 - - 6.02 6.02
6" 84.14 168.28 2.769 - 3.404 - - 7.112 7.112
8" 109.54 219.08 2.769 - 3.759 6.35 7.036 8.179 8.179
10" 136.525 273.05 3.404 - 4.191 6.35 7.798 9.271 9.271
12" 161.9 323.8 3.962 - 4.572 6.35 8.382 10.312 9.525
14" 177.8 355.6 3.962 6.35 4.775 7.925 9.525 11.125 -
16" 203.2 406.4 4.191 6.35 4.775 7.925 9.525 12.7 -
18" 228.6 457.2 4.191 6.35 4.775 7.925 11.125 14.275 -
20" 254.179 508.358 4.775 6.35 5.537 9.525 12.7 15.088 -
24" 304.827 609.654 5.537 6.35 6.35 9.525 14.275 17.475 -
30" 381.289 762.578 6.635 7.925 7.925 12.7 15.875 - -
36" 457.2145 914.429 - 7.925 - 12.7 15.875 19.05 -
42" 533.4 1066.8 - - - - - - -
48" 609.62 1219.24 - - - - - - -

MINIMUM ALLOWABLE PIPE WAL

PIPE SIZE OD SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH SCH


5S 10 10S 20 30 40 40S
½" 21.336 1.3974 - 1.3974 - - 1.3974 1.3974
¾" 26.67 1.461 - 1.461 - - 1.461 1.461
1" 33.401 1.5413 - 1.5413 - - 1.5413 1.5413
1½" 48.26 1.7185 - 1.7185 - - 1.7185 1.7185
2" 60.325 1.8625 - 1.8625 - - 1.8625 1.8625
2½" 73.025 2.014 - 2.014 - - 2.014 2.014
3" 88.902 2.2034 - 2.2034 - - 2.2034 2.2034
3½" 101.6 2.3548 - 2.3548 - - 2.3548 2.3548
4" 114.3 2.5063 - 2.5063 - - 2.5063 2.5063
6" 168.28 3.1502 - 3.1502 - - 3.1502 3.1502
8" 219.08 3.7562 - 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562
10" 273.05 4.4 - 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
12" 323.8 5.0054 - 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054
14" 355.6 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 -
16" 406.4 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 -
18" 457.2 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 -
20" 508.358 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 -
24" 609.654 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 -
30" 762.578 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 10.2395 - -
36" 914.429 - 12.0509 - 12.0509 12.0509 12.0509 -
42" 1066.8 - - - - - - -
48" 1219.24 - - - - - - -
PIPE INTERNAL DIAMETER (mm)

STD SCH 60 SCH 80 SCH 80S XS SCH 100 SCH 120 SCH 140 SCH 160 XXS
60 80 80S 100 120 140 160
15.799 - 13.868 13.868 13.868 - - - 11.786 6.401
20.93 - 18.847 18.847 18.847 - - - 15.545 11.024
26.645 - 24.308 24.308 24.308 - - - 20.701 15.215
40.894 - 38.1 38.1 38.1 - - - 33.986 27.94
52.501 - 49.251 49.251 49.251 - - - 42.849 38.177
62.713 - 59.005 59.004 59.005 - - - 53.975 44.983
77.927 - 73.66 73.66 73.66 - - - 66.65 58.42
90.12 - 85.446 85.446 85.446 - - - - -
102.26 - 97.18 97.18 97.18 - 92.05 - 87.326 80.06
154.056 - 146.334 146.33 146.334 - 139.73 - 131.754 124.388
202.722 198.456 193.68 193.68 193.68 188.904 182.554 177.83 173.056 174.63
254.508 247.65 242.874 247.5 247.65 236.524 230.174 222.25 215.9 222.25
304.8 295.3 288.9 298.5 298.45 280.974 273.05 266.7 257.2 273.05
336.55 325.424 317.5 - 330.2 307.95 300.024 292.1 284.176 -
387.35 373.076 363.524 - 381 354.026 344.474 333.35 325.424 -
438.15 419.1 409.55 - 431.8 398.476 387.35 377.85 366.726 -
488.95 466.75 455.626 - 482.6 442.926 431.8 419.1 400.05 -
590.55 560.374 547.674 - 584.2 531.826 517.55 504.85 490.524 -
742.95 - - - 736.6 - - - - -
1047.75 - - - 1041.4 - - - - -
1200.15 - - - 1193.8 - - - - -

PIPE WALL THICKNESS (mm)

STD SCH SCH SCH XS SCH SCH SCH SCH XXS


60 80 80S 100 120 140 160
2.769 - 3.734 3.734 3.734 - - - 4.775 7.468
2.87 - 3.912 3.912 3.912 - - - 5.563 7.823
3.378 - 4.547 4.547 4.547 - - - 6.35 9.093
3.683 - 5.08 5.08 5.08 - - - 7.137 10.16
3.912 - 5.537 5.537 5.537 - - - 8.738 11.074
5.156 - 7.01 7.011 7.01 - - - 9.525 14.021
5.487 - 7.62 7.62 7.62 - - - 11.125 15.24
5.74 - 8.077 8.077 8.077 - - - - -
6.02 - 8.56 8.56 8.56 - 11.125 - 13.487 17.12
7.112 - 10.973 10.975 10.973 - 14.275 - 18.263 21.946
8.179 10.312 12.7 12.7 12.7 15.088 18.263 20.625 23.012 22.225
9.271 12.7 15.088 12.775 12.7 18.263 21.438 25.4 28.575 25.4
9.525 14.275 17.475 12.675 12.7 21.438 25.4 28.575 33.325 25.4
9.525 15.088 19.05 - 12.7 23.825 27.788 31.75 35.712 -
9.525 16.662 21.438 - 12.7 26.187 30.963 36.525 40.488 -
9.525 19.05 23.825 - 12.7 29.362 34.925 39.675 45.237 -
9.525 20.625 26.187 - 12.7 32.537 38.1 44.45 53.975 -
9.525 24.613 30.963 - 12.7 38.887 46.025 52.375 59.538 -
9.525 - - - 12.7 - - - - -
9.525 - - - 12.7 - - - - -
9.525 - - - 12.7 - - - - -
9.525 - - - 12.7 - - - - -

ALLOWABLE PIPE WALL THICKNESS (mm)

STD SCH SCH SCH XS SCH SCH SCH SCH XXS


60 80 80S 100 120 140 160
1.3974 - 1.3974 1.3974 1.3974 - - - 1.3974 1.3974
1.461 - 1.461 1.461 1.461 - - - 1.461 1.461
1.5413 - 1.5413 1.5413 1.5413 - - - 1.5413 1.5413
1.7185 - 1.7185 1.7185 1.7185 - - - 1.7185 1.7185
1.8625 - 1.8625 1.8625 1.8625 - - - 1.8625 1.8625
2.014 - 2.014 2.014 2.014 - - - 2.014 2.014
2.2034 - 2.2034 2.2034 2.2034 - - - 2.2034 2.2034
2.3548 - 2.3548 2.3548 2.3548 - - - - -
2.5063 - 2.5063 2.5063 2.5063 - 2.5063 - 2.5063 2.5063
3.1502 - 3.1502 3.1502 3.1502 - 3.1502 - 3.1502 3.1502
3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562 3.7562
4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4
5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054 5.0054
5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 - 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 5.3847 -
5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 - 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 5.9907 -
6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 - 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 6.5967 -
7.207 7.207 7.207 - 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 7.207 -
8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 - 8.4153 - 8.4153 8.4153 8.4153 -
10.2395 - - - 10.2395 - - - - -
12.0509 - - - 12.0509 - - - - -
13.8685 - - - 13.8685 - - - - -
15.6869 - - - 15.6869 - - - - -
Author: J.A.B. de Lange (in collaboration with C. Haslego)