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1.1. Matching questions and answers

Match the questions in A with the answers in B.

Where were you born? A year ago.
What do you do? Three times a week.
Are you married? In Thailand.
Why are you learning English? Because I need it for my job.
When did you start leaning English? I’m a teacher.
How often do you have English classes? No, I’m single.

1.2. Complete the text using the verbs in the box.

am enjoying am going to work live started

am studying come can speak went

My name is Maurizio Celi. I (1) _______________ from Bologna, a city

in the north of Italy. I am a student at the University of Bologna. I (2)
__________________ modern languages – English and Russian. I also
know a little Spanish, so I (3) _____________________four languages. I
(4) _______________________the course a lot, but it’s really hard work.
The course (5) ______________________ three years ago. I (6)
______________________ with my parents and my sister. My brother (7)
____________________ to work in the United States last year. After I
graduate, I (8) ________________________________ as a translator. I
hope so anyway.

1.3. Make questions about Maurizio Celi

1. ___________________________ come from?
2. _________________________________ live?
3. _________________________________ live with?
4. What _____________________________ studying?
5. _________________________ enjoying the course?
6. How many _________________________________ speak?
7. ______________________ did his course start?
8. What _________________________ after he graduates?

1.4. Grammar spot

1. Find examples of present, past, and future tenses in the text about
2. Which tenses are the two verbs forms in these sentences? What is the
difference between them?
 He lives with his parents.
 She’s living with an English family for a month.

3. Write the possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns, and reflexive
pronouns of the pronouns in the table below.

Pronouns Possessive
Subject Object Adjective Pronoun

1.5. Match the question words and answers

What . . . ? Because I wanted to.

Who . . . ? Last night.
Where . . . ? $5.
When . . . ? A sandwich.
Why . . .? By bus.
How many . . . ? In New York.
How much . . . ? The black one.
How . . . ? Four.
Whose . . . ? Jack.
Which . . . ? It’s mine.

1. About you
Find a partner and then complete and practice these questions.
a) . . . . . . . your name?
b) How old . . . . . .?
c) . . . . . . . do you come from?
d) . . . . . . . you live?
e) . . . . . . . your hobby?
f) What . . . you . . .?
g) How many brothers and sisters ...?
h) What ... father’s job?
i) What is ... main ... ?

2. Write a paragraph about you. Use the text about Maurizio to help you.
3. Introduce yourself to the class.
Tell about your name, age, origin, address, hobby, job, and
main dream.

4. Interview three of your clasmates. Ask about his/her name, age, origin,
address, hobby, job, and main dream.

Name Age Origin Address Hobby Job Main dream

5. Write a paragraph about one of students you have interviewed.


2.1 Jack’s Daily Activity

Read Jack’s daily activity below, then answer the questions.
Hi! I am Jack. I am a businessman, so I am a busy person. Every day
I have many activities to do. In the morning, when I get up, I directly
take shower, then have my breakfast while watching tv. After that I
read newspaper for about half an hour, then go to my office that takes
me 30 minutes by car. In the office I coordinate all the jobs of my
employees, meet clients, attend the meeting, and sometimes have lunch
with clients. I also read and evaluate the report of the managers. I am
always at the office from 09.00 a.m. to 06.00 p.m.
In the evening I and my family (my wife with three children) always
have dinner togather. After dinner, we have different activities. I am
busy with reading magazines, my children are busy with their homework
or with their lessons, and my wife is busy with her favorite program on
tv. We all go to bed at 10.00 p.m.

Answer these questions.

1. What does Jack do?
2. What does he do in the morning until in the afternoon?
3. Does he always have dinner with his family?
4. What do they do in the evening?
5. What time do they go to bed?
2.2 Present Simple
1. Making Negatives
The sun rises in the west.
The sun doesn’t rise in the west. It rises in the east.
a) The Pope lives in Alaska.
b) Manchester United footballers wear yellow shirts.
c) The sun shines at night.

d) In Britain people drive on the right.


2. Making questions
Write questions such as the eaxample.
a. I get up at ___________.
What time do you get up?
b. At the weekend I usually go to ________________.
c. The banks open at _____________________.
d. My mother comes from ___________________.
e. My children go to _________________ school.
Which _______________________________________________?
f. My brother works in ________________.
Where _______________________________________________?
g. My sister drives a _____________________.
What sort of __________________________________________?

3. Making short Answer

Answer the questions about you. Use short answer.
a. Do you smoke?
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
b. Do you like science fiction?
c. Do you dream a lot?
d. Do you work in the evening?
e. Does your teacher give you a lot of homework?
f. Do your parents read a lot?
g. Does it rain a lot here in September?

2.3 Third singular persons

Write the third person singular of these verbs.
1 help _____________ 10 read ______________
2 watch _____________ 11 do ______________

3 want _____________ 12 fly ______________
4 go _____________ 13 study ______________
5 carry _____________ 14 kiss ______________
6 catch _____________ 15 eat ______________
7 think _____________ 16 have ______________
8 crash _____________ 17 cry ______________
9 wash _____________ 18 play

2.4 Adverb of frequency

Put the words in the correct orders.
1. cinema/you/to/often/go/the/do?
2. meat/never/eat/I/because/don’t/I/it/like
3. listen/evening/the/to/parents/radio/the/my/always/in
4. holiday/how/do/have/often/a/you?
5. sometimes/restaurant/we/Japanese/go/a/to
6. for/late/never/am/school/I

a. Find a partner and practice these questions.
1. What do you usually do - in the morning?
- in the afternoon?
- in the evening?
- at the weekend?

2. What do you usually do in your free time?

3. Study the chart

Name Town and Family Occupation Free Present

and age country time/holiday activity
Nicole, 15 Texas, the two brothers student at listen to music getting
United States high school ready to go
Jeff, 54, & Melbourne, One daughter  Officer  Tennis, swimming, Having a
Australia and three barbeque in
Wendy, 53 grandchildren  Hairdresser  Bali every the back
summer yard

a. Write questions to find the information about the people in your chart
1. Do you know ...........?
2. How old ...........?
3. Where . . . from?
4. . . . married?
5. Does . . . children?
6. How many . . . ?
7. What . . . do?
8. What . . . free time?
9. What . . . doing at the moment?

b. Job description

Match a job in A with

a verb in B and a line in C.

A farmer helps fires.
A receptionist puts out legal advice.
An architect repairs medicine for patients.
A lawyer works guests
A soldier prescribes buildings
A firefighter welcomes on the land.
A decorator fights for the home and the children.
A mechanic provides room in a house
A housewife designs cars
A shop assistant paints customers
A doctor looks after his/her country.


3.1 Writing the past form of verbs

Write the past form of these verbs.

fall _________________ break ______________ spend ___________

take _______________ save _______________ lose ____________
find _______________ laugh _____________ leave ___________
celebrate ___________ can’t ______________ need ____________

3.2 Complete the text with the verbs above in the past form.

Gary Smith yesterday (1) ____________ his twentieth birthday, but he’s
lucky to be alive. In March this year, he was climbing Ben Nevis, Britain’s
highest mountain, when he (2) ____________ his way and (3) _________
sixteen hours in sub-zero temperatures. ‘My friends (4) ______ at me for
having so much survival equipment, but it (5) ___________ my life.’

On the first night, the weather was so bad that it tore his new mountain tent
to pieces, so he moved into a Youth Hostel. He (6) _________________ the
hostel at 10:00 the next morning, but that afternoon he was in trouble. ‘I (7)
____________ off a rock and (8) _________ my left leg. I (9) __________
Mountain rescue teams went out to look for Gary, and (10) ________ him at
9:00 the next morning. A helicopter (11) ________________ him to a
hospital, where he (12) _________ several operations. ‘Next time I’ll go
with my friends, not on my own!’ he joked.

3.3 Past Simple

1. Making Negative
a) Gary Smith yesterday anttended a party.
Gary Smith yesterday didn’t attend a party. He celebrated his twentieth
b) When he lost his way, he found his friend.
c) My friends were angry with me for having so much survival
d) He arrived at the hostel at 10:00 the next morning.
e) I fell off a rock and broke my left leg. I could move, said Gary Smith.
f) Mountain rescue teams stayed at home.

2. Short answers
Answer the question about Gary using short answers.
1) Did Gary get lost?
2) Did he have a lot of equipment?
3) Did he go with his friends?
4) Did he hurt his hand?

3. Making Questions
1) I went to the United States in 19________.
2) I went to ________ for my last holiday.
3) We stayed in _______________________.
4) We stayed there for _________________.
5) We had ________________ weather.
6) We travelled round by ________.
7) We had _____________ food.

4. Answer these questions:

1) What the most impression place have you visited?
2) What can we enjoy when we are there?
3) When did you go there?
4) What for did you go there?
5) Where did you stay in?
6) How long did you stay there?
7) What was the weather like?
8) How did you travel round?
9) What was the food like?

3.6 Reading Magazine Article

Divide the class into Group A, B and C. Then read the magazine
article below.
Group A Read about Roberto
Group B Read about Endre
Group C Read about Yuet Tung

a) Answer the questions.

1. Why and when did he/she come to the US?
2. What does he/she do?
3. What does he/she like about living in the US?
4. What was difficult at the beginning?

The people of the United States are nearly all immigrants, or decendants of
immigrants. It is a young country, and much of the population has relatives
who live in the parts of the world.

But how do they find the US when they first arrive? What do they think of the
people, the culture and the way of life.
Jamie Peterson spoke to three of them.

Roberto Solan Endre Boros Yuet Tung

Aged 24, from Mexico Aged 45, from Hungary Aged 31, from Hong Kong
Roberto came from Acapulco to Endre is a mathematcian at Yuet Tung is her Chinese name,
New York ten years ago. At first Rutgers University, New Jersey. He but in English she’s known as
he missed everything - the came from Budapest thirteen years Clara. She came to the US eight
sunshine, the food, his girlfriend. ago. ‘I had an opportunity to come years ago and studied fine art. Now
But now he is a successful here for two years.’ After a year, she works on Madison Avenue for
business with his three brothers his wife came to join him, and a publisher. She married a
and his sister. They run a soccer since then they’ve had a daughter, Vietnamese American three years
store in New Brunswick. so they decided to stay. ago, and they live in Long Island.
Roberto’s girlfriend is now his They don’t have any children yet.
wife, and they have two children ‘At first it was very strange.
who go to American schools. Everything is so big here,’ he says. What does she think of living in
‘I started to feel happy when I New York? ‘It’s very similar to
When asked why he came to the bought a car. Now I go everywhere Hong Kong. It’s a busy city, very
US, Roberto says without by car. In Hungary, we only use the exciting, and people walk very fast!
hesitation, ‘Because I want to car at the weekends, but here your I like the stores here. They’re huge,
work hard and be successful.’ He car is part of your life. Nobody and it’s cheaper than Hong Kong.
certainly works hard. He’s at the walks anywhere.’ But you need a car here. In Hong
store all day, then works as a Kong everyone uses public
driver in the evening. ‘That’s why How does he find the people? ‘Very transportation, because it’s good
I like America,’ he says. ‘You can friendly. The first question and it’s cheap. At first I hated
be what you want.’ everybody ask you is ”Where are driving here, but it’s OK now.’
you from?” People talk to you here,
‘When I first came here, I didn’t they start conversations. I like the What does she like best? ‘The
speak the language, and it was fact that there are people from all space. Here I live in a house with a
Winter. It was so cold! There was over the world. yard. In Hong Kong it’s so crowded.
snow! Now nearly all my family And the people are friendly. When
are here, not only in New York, What about the way of life? ‘The I go jogging, everyone says “Hi!”
but also in California, and in thing I like best is the And the food is from every country
Texas. We meet about once a independence. Nobody tells me in the world.’
month and have a huge Mexican what to do. Here you can do what
meal that takes about five hours! you want, so you learn to make
We’re all happy here.’ decisions for yourself. I feel in

b) Read the article again then answer these question.

1. What do the people have in common in America?
2. Are they happy living in the US?
3. Who has other members of their family living there?
4. Do they all have children?
5. Who married someone from their own country?

6. What do Roberto and Endre like about the US?
7. What do they say about their own country?
8. Do they like the people?
9. What do they say about Americans and their cars?

c) What do you think?

 What do you like the best about living in your country? What would you miss if
you lived abroad? What would you find difficult about living abroad?

1. Ask and answer these questions.
1) What did you do last night?
2) What time did you get up this morning?
3) Did you eat breakfast before leaving home this morning?
4) What time did you leave home?
5) How did you come to the campus?
6) What did you do last weekend?

2. Choose the correct verb form.

1) I ______________ (see) a very good program on TV last night.

2) I _______________ (not want) to get up early this morning. It _______ (is)
3) Last week the police _______________ (stop) me in my car because I drove
at over eighty miles an hour.
4) I _________________ (go) on holiday to Bali last year.
5) I ________________ (say) hello to the children, but they __________ (not
say anything because they were watching TV.


4.1 Reading comprehension

Read the following two opinions about two candidates of governor election.

‘I’m voting for Greta Monroe. She’s the best ‘I’m not voting. I used to vote in every election and

candidate. She’s honest, hard working, and nothing changed. I’m not going to waste my time

itelligent. Just think, we are going to have our anymore. In fact, I’m leaving for Chicago the day

first woman governor! I’m sure that she’ll do a before the election, so I’m not even going be there.

great job. For one thing, she’s fair. She wants Besides, I’m sure Overmeyer is going to win. He’s not

to help poor people, but she isn’t going to raise a politician; he is a businesman. He started his own

taxes for the rest of us. She’s also very company and now it’s one of the state’s largest

interested in education, and that’s impotant to employers. All the business people will vote for him.

me. ‘ (Diane Marshall, 67, retired teacher) The others don’t have a chance.’ (Richard Chen, 26,


Answer these questions.

a) Who is Diane Marshell?
b) What is her opinion about Greta Monroe?
c) Why is she sure that Greta Monroe will do a great job?
d) Who is Richard Chen?
e) Why is he not voting?
f) Who is going to win the election according to him?
g) If you are a voter, who are you voting for? Why?

4.2 Discussing future

a) Future with plan
S + to be (am/is/are) + verb-ing + future complement
- I am leaving for Jakarta tonight.
- Herman and Ira are not inviting many people to their wedding party.

b) Future with intention and prediction

Express your intention and prediction with BE + GOING + TO.
(S + be going to + verb 1 + complement)
S + am/is/are + going to + verb 1 + complement
- I am going to meet you tonight.
- This place is not going to be suitable for you.
- Ayu is going to be a star.
- You are not going to pay your debt on time.
- Are they going to visit us here?
- In fifty years later, many islands in Indonesia are going to sink
because of the global warming.

c) Future with quick decision

S + will/shall + verb 1 + complement
- A: This room is hot.
B: Don’t worry, Sir. I’ll help you with it. I’ll turn on the AC.
- Many students asked about the result of the test.
Ok, I’ll announce the result of the test soon.
- A: Humaira! We don’t have any salt.
B: Wait mom! I’ll go out and buy some.

4.3 Grammar spot

Read the text again then find all statements that express:
1) future with plan;
2) future with intention;
3) future with prediction;
4) future with quick decision.


1. Look at Sally’s diary for next week. Then complete what she says she is doing
next week. Use the words below.

 Work  meet  do  see  go

Sunday 14 On Monday evening I’m going to a disco with my

friend Louice. On Tuesday evening I (1) _____

Monday 15 9.00 p.m. : go to a disco
with Louise ______. (2) On Wednesday I _______ (not)
Tuesday 16 Work late anything. On Thursday evening I (3) _______

________ my friend Julie at 7 o’clock. I’ve got

Wednesday 17
an appoinment with the doctor on Friday
Thursday 18 7.00 p.m. : meet Julie evening. I (4) ________________ him at 6.30.

Then on Saturday I (5) __________ to the

Friday 19 6.30 p.m. : see doctor
cinama with Peter. We (6) ___________ at the
Saturday 20 In the evening: go to the expresso cafe at 7.30. What about you? What
ciname with Peter
7.30: meet at expresso (7) __________________ (you) next week? (8)
cafe _____________(you) anything special?

2 Complete the sentences using be going to and the verbs in brackets.


‘I’ve made up my mind I’m going to change (change) my job?’ ‘What are you
going to do (you/do)’? ‘I’m not sure yet.’

1) ‘What ____________ (you/wear) at the party on Saturday?’ ‘I haven’t

decided yet. What about you? __________ (you/wear) your new black
2) ‘Why have you bought all that wallpapers? What __________ (you/do)?’
‘I _______________________ (decorate) the living room.’
3) He’s decided that he _________________ (not/leave) school this summer.
He ______________ (stay) on for another year.
4) ‘I _____________ (buy) a new motorbike.’ ‘How ___________
(you/pay) for it? You haven’t got enough money.’ ‘I _______________
(ask) my bank to lend me the money.’

3. Complete the sentences using I’ll or I won’t and the verbs below.

 Go  answer  not go  put  have  lend  wait

I’m tired. I think I’ll go to bed early tonight.

1) ‘I haven’t got any money.’ ‘Haven’t you?’

‘Oh, ________ you some if you like.’
2) ‘The telephone is ringing.’ ‘Oh, ___________ it.’
3) I’m a bit cold. I think __________ on a sweater.
4) ‘Would you like something to eat?’ ‘__________ anything at the
moment, thank you. I’m not very hungry.’
5) ‘I’m going out for a walk.’ ‘It’s raining.’
‘Oh, is it?’ Well, ____________ out now, then _______________ until it

4. Translate the following text into English.ccc

Setiap hari saya sibuk dengan kuliah saya. Di pagi hari saya harus bangun
pada pukul lima. Saya memasak, membersihkan tempat tidur, mandi, sarapan,
lalu pergi ke kampus. Di kampus saya mulai belajar pada pukul 07.30 a.m.
hingga 05.00 p.m. Pada malam hari saya harus menyelesaikan PR dan laporan
saya, sehingga saya tidak memiliki waktu istirahat yang cukup. Akhir pekan
depan saya akan pergi piknik di Bantimurung. Saya akan pergi berenang di
sana sambil menikmati pemandangan sekitar. Meskipun saya telah berada di
sana beberapa kali, tetapi saya tidak pernah merasa bosan.
Saya suka air terjun dan pemandangan.


5.1 Forming Pastparticiple

What is the past participle of these verbs?

ride ____________ hunt _____________ meet ______________
have ___________ get ______________ be (2x) ____________
travel __________ stay ______________ see _______________
visit ___________ do _______________

5.2 Complete the text with suitable verbs from 5.1 above.
My grandfather is 96 years old, and he (1) ________________ a long
and interesting life. He (2) _______________________ a lot. He (3)
________________the Tajmahal in India, and the Pyramids in Egypt. He
(4) ______________________ lions in Africa, and (5) ______________ a
camel across the Sahara dissert. He says that the most beautiful place he (6)
____________ is Kathmandu in Nepal. He (7) ____________________ the
Queen in several occations. In 1959 he was a soldier in New Zealand when
he came to visit, and in 1972 he went to a garden party at Buckingham
He (8) ____________________ married twice. His first wife died
when she was 32. He met his second wife while he was travelling round
France by bike. He and his wife, Eleaner, (9) _____________________
married for 50 years, and they (10) ___________________ in the same
cottage in the country since they got married. He says that he (11)
_________________ never ________________ ill in his life. The secret of
good health, according to my grandfather, is exercise. He goes swimming
every day. He (12) _______________________ this since he was a boy. He
also has a glass of whisky every night. Perhaps that is his secret!

5.3 Present perfect

a. Positive and negative

Make sentences about these people.
1) Alice is a journalist.
meet/ a loot of famous people
She has met a lot of famous people.
not be on television
She hasn’t been on television.

2) Robert Swan is an explorer.
be/North Pole
see/polar bears
never/get lost

3) Bill and Sophie are unemployed.

not have/a job for six months
not have/a holiday since Chrismas
not be/the cinema for a year

4) Andra is a tennis player.

play tennis/since she was six
not win/a senior competition
never play/at Wimbeldon

b. Questinons
Ask these people questions about their experiences. Use have ever.
1. a racing driver – have an accident?
Have you ever had an accident?
2. an explorer – get lost?
3. an actress – forget your words?
4. a montaineer – climb Mount Everest?
5. a window cleaner – fall off your ladder?
6. a pop singer – have a number one song?
7. an electrician – have an electric shock?

c. Match these answers with the questions in b above.

A Yes, I have once! I was so embrassed!

B No, I haven’t yet, but I reached number 10 with my last one.

C No, I haven’t. I’ve always had a good team to help me.

D Yes, I have, lots of time! But not a serious crash.

E Yes, I have, unfortunately. I broke my leg.

F No, I haven’t fortunately. I’m very careful about safety.

G No, I haven’t yet, but I would like to.

d. Short answers
Answer the questions below about ‘My grandfather’ in 1.
1) Has your grtanfather been married for a long time?
2) Has he ever met a queen?
3) Has he often been ill?
4) Have he and his wife lived in their house for a long time?
5) Has he had an interesting life?


1. for or since
Complete the senteces with for or since.
1) I haven’t seen Keith ________________ a while.
2) He’s been in China _______________ January.
3) He works for a company called KAMP. He has worked for them
_______________ several years.
4) He and his wife have lived next to me ________ their son, Tom, was born.
5) I have known them ____________ many years.
6) We have been friends ____________ we were at the university togather.
7) His wife, Carrie, is a designer. She has had her own studio ___________
six months.
8) ‘I’m looking after Tom today’. ‘He’s been at my house ______________
8.00 this morning'.

2. Using the correct tense

Put the verb in brackets in the correct tense, Present Perfect, Past Simple, or
Present Simple.


Dennis Heal (1) ___________________________________ (be) a

politician. He (2) ___________________ (go) to Oxford University in
1975, and in 1982 he (3) _________________________ (become) a
Member of Parlement (MP). He (4) ______________________________
(be) an MP since then. He (5) _______________________________ (be)
a Defence Minister from 1989-1995. He (6) _____________________
(write) three books, including his autobiography The Time of my Life, and
a spy story called The Time to Run. He is married to the artist Edna Heal,
and they have two children. They (7) _______________________ (live)
in Oxford for ten years, they (8) ___________________________ (move)
to London in 1995. They now (9) ____________________________
(live) in a house in Cadogan Square in central London.

3. Write the questions about Dennis Heal.

1 What ________________ he do? He’s a politician.

2 When ____________________? In 1975.
3 When ____________________? In 1982
4 How _____________________? Since 1982
5 When ____________________? From 1989 to 1995.
6 How many _________________? Three
7 _____ he ever ____ a spy story? Yes, he has. It’s called The Time to Run.
8 What _____________________? She’s an artist.
9 How many _________________? Two.
10 How long _________________? For ten years.
11 When ____________________? In 1995
12 Where ____________________? In a house in CadoganSquare in central

4. not yet and already

Angela and Jean-Pierre are getting married. Look at their list of things to
do and complete the sentences. Use the Present Prefect with yet/already.

 Book the hotel for the reception √
 Order the cake x
 Order the flowers x
 Buy a dress √

 Book the church √
 Order the champagne √
 Buy a suit x
 Buy the wedding rings x
 Send the invitations x
 Decide where to go √

1. Angela ____________________ the hotel for the reception.

2. But she ______________________ the cake _______________.
3. Jean-Pierre __________________________________ the church.
4. But he ________________________ a suit ______________.
5. They _____________________ the invitation _________________.
6. But they ________________________________ where to go for
their honey moon.

5. Translate the text below into English.

Ada banyak objek wisata saya telah kunjungi. Namun, yang paling
berkesan adalah kota Malino. Ia memiliki cuaca yang sangat sejuk dan
pemandangan alam yang sangat indah. Dia juga kaya dengan berbagai
hasil pertanian, seperti berbagai jenis buah-buahan dan sayur mayur.
Selain itu, kita juga dapat mencicipi berbagai panganan dan kue
tradisional. Sewaktu saya berada di sana saya mencicipi jagung rebus
dan jagung bakar. Saya juga membeli tenteng dan baje kacang untuk
oleh-oleh keluarga di Makassar.


6.1 Forming comparative and superlative

Write the comparative and superlative forms of these adjectives.

happy happier happiest thin __________ ____________

beautiful ___________ ____________ busy __________ ____________
new ___________ ____________ patient __________ ____________
lovely ___________ ____________ young __________ ____________
hot ___________ ____________ bad __________ ____________
good ___________ ____________ comfortable __________ ____________
handsome ___________ ____________ rude __________ ____________
mean ___________ ____________ fit __________ ____________
generous ___________ ____________ large __________ ____________

6.2 Reading

Read the following text and answer the questions.

How old am I?
I have two sisters, Abigail and Jill, and two brothers, Graham and
Robert. Abigail is twenty. Jill is six years younger than Abigail, but she is
two years older than Robert. Robert is four years younger than me, and he is
eight years younger than me than Graham.

Answer these questions

1) How old am I?
2) Who is the youngest in the family?
3) How old is Robert?
4) Is Jill older than me?
5) Am I the oldest in the family?
6) Who are the twins?

6.2 Making opposite adjectives
Complete the sentences with an opposite adjective in its comparative or
superlative form.
Rober is the oldest in the family.
No, he isn’t. He’s the youngest.

1) Bob is more polite than his brother.

No, he isn’t. He’s _______________________________________.
2) I’m the tallest in this class!
No, you aren’t. You’re ____________________________________.
3) My homework was worse than yours.
No, it wasn’t. It was ______________________________________.
4) The weather today is colder than yesterday.
No, it isn’t. It’s _________________________________________.
5) She bought the cheapest watch in the shop.
No, she didn’t. She bought ________________________________.
6) Jack’s meaner than Alan.
No, he isn’t. He’s _______________________________________.
7) Janet arrived later than John.
No, she didn’t. She arrived ________________________________.
8) This is the easiest exercise in this book.
No, it isn’t. It’s _________________________________________.

6.3 Grammar spot

1. What are the comparative and superlative forms of the following

ajectives? What are the rulles?
a Small c busy
cold noisy
near dry
b Big d beatiful
hot interesting
wet exciting

2. These adjactives are irregular. What are the comparative and superlative
Far good bad


1. as or than
Complete the sentences with as or than.
1. Are you as tall ______________________ your brother?
2. She’s not as clever ______________________ her sister.
3. Was Joane’s party better _________________ Maria’s?
4. I’m studying the same subject __________ Emma.
5. Liz works much harder ________________ John.
6. I haven’t got as many cousins _______________ you.

2. as ... as / not as ... as

Rewrite the sentences with as ... as or not as ... as.
 Bob’s taller than Jack.
Jack’s not as tall as Bob.
 Bob got more presents than Jack.
Jack didn’t get as many present as Bob.

1) Jill’s more intelligent than Bill.

Bill _____________________________________________________.
2) The sun’s hotter than the moon.
The moon _______________________________________________.
3) Are you and your husband the same age?
Are you _________________________________________________?
4) You can read more quickly than I can.
I can’t __________________________________________________.
5) Harry won more money than Bill.
Bill _____________________________________________________.
6) ‘Is Zwitzerland bigger than Luxemburg?’ ‘Yes, it is.’
‘Is Luxembourg ___________________________________________?
7) Eva’s work is better than mine.
My work isn’t _____________________________________________.
8) Dogs are friendlier than cats.
Cats ____________________________________________________.

3. Making sentences about you.

Write six sentences about you and your family (two comparatives, two
superlatives, and two with as ... as).

o I’m more hard-working than my sister
o My grandfather is the oldest.
o I’m not as patient as my mother.

1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
4. ____________________________________________________________
5. ____________________________________________________________
6. ____________________________________________________________

4. Translate the text below into English.

Saya dan saudara perempuan saya memiliki sifat yang sangat berbeda. Saya
suka memberi seyum dan menolong orang yang kesulitan, sedangkan dia suka
cemberut dan tertutup terhadap semua orang. Suatu ketika, kami berudua pergi
ke pesta perkawinan. Dalam perjalanan pulang ke rumah, kami melihat
kecelekaan. Seorang gadis terjatuh dari motornya dan terluka parah. Saya
menyatakan untuk membantu gadis tersebut namun dia melarangnya. Kalau
saya tetap mau membantu gadis tersebut, dia menyuruh saya turun dari mobil
kami dan dia mau terus pulang. Saya memutuskan membantu gadis tersebut
dan dia meninggalkan saya bersama mobil itu.

7.1 Starter
Write down two things that you like about your city/village and two things
that you don’t like it. Tell the class.

7.2 Reading
You are going to read about two millionaires. One was very generous,
another was very mean. First read quickly about Milton Petrie. Find the
examples of his kindness. Then read quickly about Hetty Green, find the
examples of her meanes.


Milton Petrie Hetty Green
The Most Generous Man in the World The Richest, Meanest Woman in the World
Every morning, billionaire Milton Petrie Henetta (Hetty) Green was a very spoilt, only child.
walked from his New York apartment and She was born in Massachusetts, USA, in 1835. Her father
bought a newspaper from the ragged old man was a millionaire businessman. Her mother was often ill,
on the street corner. One morning the man and so from the age of two, her father took her with him to
wasn’t there. Petrie learned that he was very ill work and taught her about stocks and shares. At the age of
in the city hospital. Immediately he paid his six, she started reading the daily financial newspapers and
hospital bill and later, when the man died, paid she opened her own bank account.
for his funeral.
Her father died when she was 21 and she was
The old man was just one of many inherited $7,5 million. She went to New York and
people that Milton Petrie helped with his invested on Wall Street. Hetty saved every penny, eating
money. Whenever he read about personal in the cheapest retaurants for 15 cents. She became one of
disaster in his newspaper Petrie sent generous the richest and most hated women in the world. She was
cheques, especially to the families of policemen called ‘The Witch of Wall Street.’ At 33 she married
or firemen injured at work. He also sent Edward Green, a multimillionaireeen, and had two
cheques to a mother who lost five children in a children, Ned and Sylvia.
fire, and a beautiful model, whose face was cut
in a knife attack. It cost him millions of dollars, Hetty’s meanness was legendary. She always argued
but he still had millions left. He said that he was about prices in shops. She walked to the local grocery
lucky in business and he wanted to help those store to buy broken cookies (biscuits) which were much
less fortunate than himself. ‘The nice thing is, cheaper, and to get a free bone for her much-loved dog,
the harder I work, the more money I make, and Dewey. Once she lost a two cent-stamp and spent the
the more people I can help.’ night looking for it. She never bought clothes and always
wore the same long, ragged black skirt. Worst of all, when
Milton Petrie died in 1994, when he her son Ned fell and injured his knee, she refused to pay
was 92. His will was 120 pages long because he for a doctor and spent hours looking for free medical help.
left $150 million to 383 people. His widow, In the end Ned’s leg was amputated.
Carroll, his fourth and last wife, said his
generosity was a result of the poverty of his When she died in 1916 she left her children $100
early years. His family were poor but kind- million (worth $9.3 billion today). Her daughter built a
hearted. His father was a Russian immigrant hospital with her money.
who became a policeman, but he never arrested
anyone, he was too kind. He couldn’t give a
parking ticket.

Discuss these questions in small groups.

1) How were Milton and Hetty’s childhoods different?

2) How did their childhoods affect them later?
3) Why was Milton especially generous to policemen?
4) Why did Hetty’s daughter build a hospital?
5) What was the kindest thing Milton did?
6) Who had the happeier life? Milton or Hetty?

7.3 Useful expressions

1) Match the questions and answers.
It’s beautiful.
Do you like Paris? Yes, I do.
What’s Paris like? It’s lots of good old buildings.
No. I don’t
2) Tell me about Paris.


1) What’s Chicago like?

Complete the questions with is or are and the correct words below.

 the restaurants  the night life

 the people  the buildings

1 You What’s the weather like?

Todd Well, Chicago’s called ‘the windy city’ and it really can be
2 You What ......................... like?
Todd They’re very intresting. You meet people from all over the
3 You What ................................. like?
Todd A lot of them are very tall. The Sears Tower is 11 storeys
4 You What .................................. like?
Todd They’re very good. You can find food from every country in
the world.
5 You What .................................. like?
Todd Oh, it’s wonderful. There’s lots to do in Chicago.

2) Complete the conversations using an adjective of similar meaning below.

 fed up  messy  modern

 generous  brilliant  wealthy

1) ‘Mary’s family is very rich.’

‘Well, I knew her uncle was very _____________.’
2) ‘Look at all these new buildings!’
‘Yes. Paris is much more ____________ than I expected.’
3) ‘Wasn’t that film wonderful!’
‘Yes, it was _______________.’
4) ‘George doesn’t earn much money, but he’s so kind.’
‘Isn’t he? He’s one of the most ___________ people.’
5) ‘Ann’s bedroom is really untidy again!’
‘Is it? I told her it was ______________ yesterday, and she promised to
clean it.’
6) ‘I’m bored with this lesson!’
‘I know, I’m really ____________ with it, too.’


8.1 Playing the alphabet game

You plan to go shopping next Saturday. You note things you want to buy.
Tell things you have noted based aphabetical order. Continue around the class.
To help you, look at the lists below.

milk cheese
potatoes cake
butter sausages
bread wine
tomatoes crisps

A Next Saturday I want to go shopping and I want to buy an apple.

B Next Saturday I want to go shopping and I want to buy an apple and some bread.
C Next Saturday I want to go shopping and I want to buy an apple, some bread, and
some cheese.
D Next Saturday ....................................................................................................

8.2 The weekend shop

Read the dialogues below.

Sarah (S) and Vicky (V) are two students who share a flat.
It is Saturday morning, and Sarah has written a shopping list.

Dialogue 1
V It says here milk. How much milk do we need?
S Two pints.
V And eggs? How many eggs?
S A dozen.
V And what about potatoes? How many potatoes?
S A kilo’s enough.
V And butter?
S Just one pocket.

Dialogue 2

V Do we need anything else?

S Let’s have a look. We’ve got some apples, but there aren’t any grapes.
And there isn’t any coffee, but we’ve got some tea.
V Is there any orange juice left. Or did somebody finish it?

S There’s a little, but there isn’t much, so we need some more.

V And vegetables? Have we got many vegetables?

S Well, I can see a few carrots, but there are many onions.

V Oh, and don’t forget we need a lot of crisps. Many nephews are coming
S Right, then. I think that’s everything. Let’s go! By the way, how much
money have you got?

8.3 Grammar spot

1. Find count nouns (CNs) and uncount nouns (Uns) from the dialogues.

2. Tick (√) the correct column.

We use . . . with with in positive in in negative

CNs Uns sentences questions sentences
a lot/lots of
a few
a little

8.4 Countable and uncountable nouns

1. a/an or some
Put a/an before the count nouns, and some before the uncount nouns.

1 _____________ chair 10 _____________ music
2 _____________ sugar 11 _____________ job
3 _____________ stampt 12 _____________ work
4 _____________ book 13 _____________ apple
5 _____________ petrol 14 _____________ fruit
6 _____________ tree 15 _____________ tomatoe
7 _____________ air 16 _____________ tomato soup
8 _____________ money 17 _____________ problem
9 _____________ pound 18 _____________ information

2. some or any

Complete the sentences with some or any

1 I haven’t got _______ paper.

2 I’ll buy ______ paper when I go to the shops.
3 Is there ________ petrol in the car?
4 Yes, but I put ________ in yeterday.
5 I bought _________ fruit, but they didn’t have _________ vegetables.
6 Do you have _________ change? I need 50p.
7 I saw __________ change on the table a minute ago.
8 I need ______________ help with my homework.
9 I don’t have _________ free time today. Sorry.
10 Did you have _____________ problems with this exercise?

3. much and many

Complete the sentences with much or many.
1) Have you got _____________ homework?
2) We don’t need _______________ eggs. Just half a dozen.
3) Is there _____________ traffic in your town?
4) I don’t know _______________ students in this class.
5) How _________________ people live in your house?

4. How much? or How many?

Write questions with How much? or How many?

1) We’ve got some eggs.
How many eggs have we got?
2) We need some flower.
3) She has a lot of children.
4) Can you buy some butter?
________________________________________ want?
5) Their house has a lot of bedrooms.

6) Some people are coming for a meal on Sunday.
7) Shaekespear wrote a lot of plays.
8) She earns a fortune.

5. a little, a few, or a lot of

Complete the sentences with a little ,a few, or a lot of
1) I have ____________ close friends. Two or three.
2) He has _________________ money. He’s a millionaire.
3) ‘Do you take sugar in coffee?’ . ‘Just _____________. Half a spoonful.’
4) ‘Have you got _____________CDs?’ ‘Hundreds.’
5) I’ll be ready in _____________________ minutes.
6) She speaks good Spanish, but only _________________ Russian.


1. Complete the sentences using one of the words below. Use a/an where

accident biscuit blood coat decision electricity

key letter moment music question sugar

1 It wasn’t your fault. It was an accident.

2 Listen! Can you hear the music.
3 I couldn’t get into the house because I didn’t have ________________.
4 It’s very warm today. Why are you wearing ______________________.
5 Do you take _____________ in your coffee?
6 Are you hungry? Would you like ____________ with your coffee?
7 Our lives would be very difficult without _____________________.
8 I didn’t find them. I wrote ______________________ instead.
9 The hearts pumps ______________ through the body.
10 Excuse me, but can I ask __________________?
11 I am not ready yet. Can you wait _________________, please?
12 We can’t delay much longer. We have to make _________________.

2. Change the measurement or number of things in the sentences as follows. Use

many, some, several, a few, much, or a little.
There are 100 cassttes in my house.
There are many cassettes in my house.

1) I have just Rp 100,- here in my pocket.
2) It’s the dry season now, there is a gallon of water there.
3) It’s only four days before my birthday.
4) Yes, I thinks we have three or four pens in the drawer.
5) There are about six students waiting for you outsied.
6) She is rich. She has IND 1.000.000,- in cash in her bag.
7) Don’t worry! We still have 2 kg of rice for tomorrow.

3. Singular and plural

There are mistakes in some of these sentences. Find the mistakes and correct
1 How many persons live in your family?
2 Where is the scissors?
3 I’ve bought a new teethbrush.
4 Do you eat a lot of fish?
5 Are the children asleep yet?
6 Your hairs look very nice. Have you just washed them?
7 Ten kilometre are a long way to walk.
8 Physics were my favorite subject at school.
9 I don’t like wearing pyjamas in bed.
10 Do you like my jacket and trouser?

4. Town/village survey
Work in groups. Talk about the good things and bad things about living in
your town/village. Make a list. Compare your list with the class.
Good things:
There are a lot of cafes and restaurants.
There are some good shops.
There are some good panoramas.
We can go on lots of walks.

Bad things:
But we don’t have any good clubs.
There isn’t any supermarket.
There’s only one coffee shop.
There isn’t anywhere that we can go at night.


Akhmad. 2005. Hand out PPBI Book 2; Bidang Communicative Academic

Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang.

Amri. 2007. Bahasa Inggris Dasar I. Jurusan Teknik Kimia Politeknik Negeri
Ujung Pandang.

Beaumont, Digby and Granger, Colin. 1992. The Heinemann: English Grammar.
Great Britain:The Bath Press, Avon.

John and Soars, Liz. 2002. New Headway English Course, Workbook. UK:
Oxford University Press.

John and Soars, Liz. 2002. New Headway English Course, Student’s Book. UK:
Oxford University Press.

Murphy, Raymond. 2002. Essential Grammar in Use. A self-study reference and

practice book for intermedia students of English. Jakarta: Erlangga.