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ZADACI 5

1. A sample of neon gas at 20 °C is confined to a cylinder with a movable piston. The gas is then
heated until its pressure is doubled. What is the final temperature of the gas?
A) 10 °C
B) 40 °C
C) 313 °C
D) 586 °C
E) This cannot be found since the final and initial volumes are unknown.

2. A sample of a monatomic ideal gas is originally at 20 °C. What is the final temperature of the
gas if the pressure is doubled and volume is reduced to one-fourth its initial value?
A) 900 °C
B) 10 °C
C) 80 °C
D) 130 °C
E) 260 °C

3. An ideal gas at 0 °C is contained within a rigid vessel. The temperature of the gas is increased by
1 C°. What is Pf/Pi, the ratio of the final to initial pressure?
A) 273/274
B) 274/273
C) 1/2
D) 1/10
E) 1/273

4. In the space between two stars, the temperature of a gas cloud is 12 K; and the density of the gas
is 1.2 × 10–8 atom/m3. What is the absolute pressure of the gas?
A) 2.0 × 10–30 Pa
B) 1.2 × 10–28 Pa
C) 2.0 × 10–17 Pa
D) 1.2 × 10–6 Pa
E) 1.4 × 10–4 Pa

5. A sealed container has a volume of 0.020 m3 and contains 15.0 g of molecular nitrogen (N2),
which has a molecular mass of 28.0 u. The gas is at 525 K. What is the absolute pressure of the
nitrogen gas?
A) 3.9 × 10–19 Pa
B) 4.3 × 10–5 Pa
C) 1.2 × 105 Pa
D) 1.9 × 105 Pa
E) 4.3 × 106 Pa

6. An ideal gas is contained in a vessel with a moveable piston. Initially, the gas has a volume of
0.024 m3, an absolute pressure of 1.8 atm, and a temperature of 35.0 °C. The pressure is 0.90 atm
when the volume of the container is decreased to 0.012 m3. What is the final temperature of the
gas?
A) 77 K
B) 85 K
C) 170 K
D) 154 K
E) 282 K
7. A tank contains 135 moles of the monatomic gas argon at a temperature of 15.3 °C. How much
energy must be added to the gas to increase its temperature to 45.0 °C?
A) 2.50 × 103 J
B) 3.33 × 104 J
C) 5.00 × 104 J
D) 5.70 × 105 J
E) 7.50 × 106 J

8. When the gas enclosed beneath the piston shown in the figure receives 2170 J of heat, Q, from its
surroundings, it performs 2840 J of work in raising the piston. What is the change in the internal
energy of the gas?

A) +670 J
B) –670 J
C) –5010 J
D) +5010 J
E) zero joules

9. Which one of the following pressure-volume graphs represents an isochoric process?

A) (a)
B) (b)
C) (c)
D) (d)
E) (e)

10. A system containing an ideal gas at a constant pressure of 1.42 × 105 Pa gains 2320 J of heat.
During the process, the internal energy of the system increases by 2540 J. What is the change in
volume of the gas?
A) +1.55 × 10–3 m3
B) –1.55 × 10–3 m3
C) +2.36 × 10–3 m3
D) –2.36 × 10–3 m3
E) zero m3

11. Neon is a monatomic gas with a molar heat capacity at constant volume of 12.66 J/(mol · K).
Two moles of neon gas enclosed in a constant volume system receive 4250 J of heat. If the gas was
initially at 293 K, what is the final temperature of the neon?
A) 3400 K
B) 400 K
C) 460 K
D) 520 K
E) 600 K
12. Beneath the moveable piston in the drawing,2.25 moles of a monatomic ideal gas is enclosed at
314 K. The initial volume of the gas is 3.0 m3. The gas is compressed isothermally to a final
volume of 1.0 m3. How much heat is removed from the gas during this process?

A) –6450 J
B) –4300 J
C) –2900 J
D) –1450 J
E) zero joules

13. The coefficient of linear expansion of steel is 12 × 10–6/C°. A railroad track is made of
individual rails of steel 1.0 km in length. By what length would these rails change between a cold
day when the temperature is –10 °C and a hot day at 30 °C?
A) 0.62 cm
B) 24 cm
C) 48 cm
D) 480 cm
E) 620 cm

14. A metal rod 40.0000-cm long at 55.0 °C is heated to 85.0 °C. The length of the rod is then
measured to be 40.0264 cm. What is the coefficient of linear expansion of the metal?
A) 13 × 10–6/C°
B) 22 × 10–6/C°
C) 44 × 10–6/C°
D) 53 × 10–6/C°
E) 71 × 10–6/C°

15. A 0.30-kg lead ball is heated to 90.0 °C and dropped into an ideal calorimeter containing 0.50
kg of water initially at 20.0 °C. What is the final equilibrium temperature of the lead ball? The
specific heat capacity of lead is 128 J/(kg · C°); and the specific heat of water is 4186 J/(kg · C°).
A) 84.8 °C
B) 20.8 °C
C) 21.3 °C
D) 27.8 °C
E) 32.1 °C

16. In an insulated container, 0.50 kg of steam, initially at 140 °C, is mixed with 2.0 kg of ice,
initially at –20.0 °C. What is the final temperature inside the container if heat exchanges with the
container are ignored?
A) 16 °C
B) 50 °C
C) 60 °C
D) 64 °C
E) 86 °C