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KEDAH STPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2010 MATHEMATICS T PAPER 1 CHU/SMKK

1. Find the solution set of the inequality x  1  2x  1 [4 marks]

Given point A(2,k) lies on the curve x  2 y  3xy  0 , find the value of k.
3 3
2.
Find also the gradient and equation of the normal to the curve at point A. [6 marks]

3r  4
3. Express U  in partial fractions. [3 marks]
r r (r  1)(r  2)
Hence or otherwise, find
n
(a) U r [2 marks]
r 1

(b) U r [2 marks]
r 1
4. Three points have coordinates A ( 2 , 9 ) , B ( 4 , 3 ) and C ( 2 , −5 ). The line through
1
C with gradient meets the straight line AB produced at D.
2
Find
(a) the coordinates of D [3 marks]
(b) the equation of the line through D perpendicular to the line 5y – 4x = 17 [3 marks]

5. Given that 3 + 2i, 5 – i and 4 – 6i are the first three terms of a geometric progression.
Find
(a) the common ratio, [2 marks]
(b) the fifth term, [3 marks]
(c) the sum of the first 6 terms of this geometric progression. [2 marks]


4

x
2
6. Evaluate cos 2 x dx . Give your answer in terms of . [7 marks]
0

4
7. The parametric equations of a curve are x = 4t , y = , where the parameter t takes
t
all non-zero values. The points A and B on the curve have parameters t1 and t2 respectively,

(a) Write down the coordinates of the midpoint of the chord AB in terms of
t1 and t2. [1 mark]
1
(b) Given that the gradient of AB is 2, show that t1t2 = [3 marks]
2
1
(c) Find the coordinates of the points on the curve at which the gradient of the normal is .
2
[4 marks]

8. Functions f and g are defined by


f:x  x 2  2 x  2, x  R, 0  x  1 and
x2
g: x , x  R, 1  x  2 respectively.
x 1
(a) Determine the range and inverse function of f. [4 marks]

(b) Given function h = gf, determine the range of h. [3 marks]


(c) State with reason whether h has an inverse function. [1 mark]
9. (a) The matrices A and B are given by
 2 3 4   10 4 9 
   
A  4 3 1 . B   15  4  14  .
 1 2 4  5 1 6 
  
State with reason whether matrix A is singular.
Find the matrix AB, and hence, deduce A 1. [5 marks]

(b) Using the result in (a), solve the system of linear equations
.
2 y  4 z   x  2,
2 x  3 y  1  4 z ,
4 x  z  3  3 y. [5marks]

3
10. A curve is defined parametrically by x = 2t – 1, y = t and P is the point on the curve

when t = 2.
dy
(a) Obtain an expression for in terms of t and calculate the gradient
dx
of the curve at P. [3 marks]
2
d y
(b) Find in terms of t. [3 marks]
dx 2
(c) Determine a Cartesian equation of the curve, expressing your answer in the form
y = f(x). [3 marks]

(d) Find the x and y intercepts. [1 mark]

11. Show that



(a)  0
2 x sin x dx  1, . [2 marks]

1
 sin 2 xdx   . 2
(b) 2 [Hint: Use identity cos 2A = 1 – 2 sin A] [3 marks]
0 4
Find the area of the region bounded by the x-axis, the curve y = x – sin x and the line
1
x= . [3 marks]
2
Hence, show that the volume of the solid generated when the region bounded by the
1
x-axis, the curve y = x – sin x and the line x =  is rotated through 360o about the
2
x-axis is
1 4
24

  6 2  48  unit 3 . [4 marks]

12.
4 3 2
Given p(x) = 6 x  ax  bx  x  1 , where a and b are real constants. If (2x – 1)
is a factor of p(x) and (x – 1) is a factor of p‘(x),

(a) Find the values of a and b, factorise p(x) completely, and hence solve the
equation p(x) = 0. [8 marks]

(b) Given that p ( x)  (3 x  1) 2 x 3  1  q ( x) , find q (x ) . Sketch the graph of q (x ) and


 
determine the range of q (x ) when x  0,5. [7 marks]
KEDAH STPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2010 MATHEMATICS T PAPER 2 CHU/SMKK

1
1. By writing sin  as cos ( 2   ), solve the equation cos 3  = sin , for 0 <  < . Give your answers
as multiples of . [4marks]

2. Three points P, Q, and R have position vectors 6i + 7j, 4j and 4i + 3j respectively. A is the point lying on
QA 3
the line QR between Q and R such that  , and B is the point on QR produced such that
AR 2
QB 3  
 . Find the position vectors of A and B and evaluate the scalar product PA  PB . Hence,
BR 2
 
deduce the relationship between PA and PB . [7 marks]

3. P, Q, and R are three points on the horizontal ground with Q lies to the north of P and the bearing of R
o
from P is 060 . The angle of elevation of the point T at the top of a vertical tower located at Q from P
and R are  each. Point S lies on PR such that PS : SR = 1 : 2. If the angle of elevation of T from S is ,
show that tan  : tan  = 3 : 7 [7marks]

4. Find the particular solution of the differential equation


y dy
e dx  1 = ln x ,
given that y = ln 2 when x = 1. [8 marks]

5. Two intersecting circles AOBC and APBQ are shown in the diagram below.

O
Q
P

Given that O is the centre of the circle APBQ and  ACO = 30  .

(a) Find  APC. [4 marks]


(b) Show that  APC is an equilateral triangle. [3 marks]
(c) Prove that BQ is parallel to PA. [3 marks]

6. Two boats P and Q are able to give light signal to one another. The light signal can be seen at a
maximum distance of 10 km. Initially, boat P is at a distance of 2.5 km due east of boat Q. At 1200 noon,
-1
the two boats start to move with boat P moves towards east with a speed of 5 km h and boat Q moves
in the direction north-east with a speed of 10 km h1.

(a) Find the magnitude and direction of the velocity of boat Q relative to boat P. [4 marks]
(b) Calculate the shortest distance between the two boats and the time, to the nearest
minutes, when the two boats are at the shortest distance. [5 marks]
(c) Find the time after which the two boats are unable to see the light signal from one another.
[5 marks]

7. Two bags each contains 8 discs which are indistinguishable apart from their colour. The first bag
contains 3 red and 5 black discs and the second, 6 red and 2 black discs. A disc is chosen at random
from the first bag and placed in second. Then, after thoroughly mixing, a disc is taken from the second
bag and placed in the first. Find the probability that the first bag still contains exactly 3 red discs.
[4 marks]

A continuous random variable X is distributed normally with mean  and variance  . Find the
2
8.
value of  if the probability that X lies within the range of 9.8 from the mean is [4 marks]

9. The mean and variance of the four numbers 2, 3, 6, 9 are 5 and 7.5 respectively. Two numbers m and n

are added to this set of four numbers, such that the mean is increased by 1 and the variance is

increased by 2.5 . Find m and n. [ 7 marks]

10. The binomial variable X represents the number of eggs laid each year by a certain species of
4
birds where E(X) = 4 and Var(X) = 3 . Find P(X = 6).

Hence, find the probability that four or more eggs hatched in a year given that the probability that any
3
egg hatched is 5 . [9 marks]

11. The following data shows the number of books borrowed from a school library for the past 26 days.
61 72 83 57 78 80 67 20 85 70 54 62 76 60 48 75

52 62 72 52 46 83 54 74 82 69

(a) Display the above data in an ordered stemplot. [2 marks]


(b) Find the median and interquartile range. [4 marks]
(c) Draw a boxplot to represent the above data. [3 marks]
(d) State the type of distribution of the above data. Justify your answer. [2 marks]

12. The continuous random variable X has probability density function given by


 k(1  x 2 ), for  1  x  1,
f(x)  

 0, otherwise
where k is a constant.
(a) Find the value of k. [ 3 marks]
(b) Sketch the graph of f(x) and hence state the value of E(X). [ 2 marks]
(c) Determine Var (X). [ 3 marks]
1 3
If A and B are the events represented by X > and X > respectively, find P(B) and P(B|A).
2 4
[ 7 marks]
MARKING SCHEME FOR MATHEMATICS T PAPER 1

5n 2  9n
1 ( x + 1 )  ( 2x + 1 )
3x + 2x  0
2
2 2
M1 (b)  U r  n lim
  2n 2  6n  4
M1 r 1
x ( 3x + 2 )  0 M1 9
2 5
x = (−  ,  ]  [ 0,  ) A1 = lim n M1
3 n 2 6  4
n n2
2. x 3  2 y 3  3xy  0 5
= A1
3
8 + 2k + 6k = 0 2
3
k + 3k + 4 = 0 M1
2
(k + 1)(k − k + 4) = 0 1
k = −1 A1 4. (a) y = x–6 B1
2
dy dy y = − 3x+15 B1
3x 2  6 y 2  3 y  3x 0
dx dx D = (6,−3) A1
dy x2  y
 M1 5
dx x  2y 2 (b) y + 3 = − (x–6) B1M1
4
dy 4 1 3 5x + 4y − 18 = 0
x = 2, y = − 1;   A1
dx 22 4
4 5i 5  i 3  2i
Equation of normal : y + 1 = ( x  2) …. M1 5. (a) r    M1
3 3  2i 3  2i 3  2i
4 11 =1–i A1
y = x A1
3 3 (b) T4  (4 – 6i) x (1 – i) = − 2 – 10i B1

3r  4 A B C
T5 = (− 2 – 10i) x (1 – i) M1
3. Let    = − 12 – 8i A1
r (r  1)(r  2) r r  1 r  2
3r  4  A(r  1)(r  2)  Br(r  2)  cr(r  1) B1 (c) T6 = (−12 – 8i)(1 – i) = − 20 + 4i
A  2, B  1, C  1 B1 S6 = (3 + 2i) + (5 – i) + (4 – 6i) + (−2 –10i) +
3r  4 2 1 1 (−12 – 8i) + (−20 + 4i) M1
    A1
r (r  1)(r  2) r r  1 r  2 = − 22 – 19i A1

n
U r   
2 1 1
(a) (   ) 
1 2 3 4 4
r 1
+(
2

1

1
)
6.  x 2 cos2 x dx =  1 x 2 sin 2 x  4 
2 0  x sin 2x dx M1M1
0 0
2 3 4
  
1  1   sin 2 x  4
+(
2

1

1
) M1 =  x 2 sin 2 x  4   x cos 2 x  4    M1M1
3 4 5  2 0  2 0  4 0
=
1  2     
      sin 2    0   1    cos 2    0   1 sin 2    0
2  4  4  2 4  4   4 4 
2 1 1   
+(   )
n2 n 1 n A1A1
2 1 1  2 1
+(   ) =  A1
n 1 n n 1 32 4
2 1 1
+(   )
n n 1 n2
n  4 4 
  

1 2 1 
 Ur  2  1    7. (a)  1
4t 4t 2 t
, 1
t 2 
2 n 1 n  2  
r 1 2 2
 
5 2 1  
=  
2 n 1 n  2  1 1 
 2(t1  t 2 ),2(  )  B1
n(5n  9)  t1 t 2 
= A1 
2(n  1)(n  2)
4 4

t 2 t1
(b)  2 M1
4t 2  4t1
t1  t 2
 2 M1
t1t 2 (t 2  t1 )
1  4 9 
  2  2 
  10 4 9   5 5  A1
t1t 2 1 
A 1   14    3
4 14 
 15 4  
5  5 
6 
1 5
 5 1   1 6 
t1 t2 = A1  1 
2  5 5 

2 3 4  x   1
dx dy     
(c) = 4 an
-2
= −4t Both correct B1 (b) 4 3 1  y    3  B1
dt dt 1 4    
 2  z   2 
dy 1
=   x  10 4 9  1
dx t2   1  
 y    15  4  14  3  M1
1  z 5  5 1 6  2 
 2 =−2 M1   
t  10 4 9  1
1  
1   15  4  14  3 
t=  A1 5
2  5 1 6  2 
 40 
2 ) and (−2 2 , −4 2 ) A1 1 
Points are (2 2 , 4    55 A1
5 
 20 
8 (a) Range of f = {y : y  R, 1  y  2} B1  8 
 
1    11 A1
Let f (x) = a  4 
f(a) = x  
2
a − 2a + 2 = x x=8, y=−11, z=4 A1
2
a − 2a + (2 – x) = 0 M1
2  2  4(2  x)
2 dx dy 2
10. (a) =2 and = 3t M1
a dt dt
2(1)
a  1 x 1 M1 dy 3t 2
1  M1
f : x  1  x  1, x  R, 1  x  2 A1 dx 2
(b) h(x) = g( x 2  2 x  2) t=2,
dy
=6 A1
x
2

 2x  2  2
dx
=
x 2

 2x  2  1
=
(b)
d2y
2

6t dt
x
2 dx
M1
dx
x  2x  4
2
M1
x 2  2x  3 6t 1
=
x M1
1 2 2
=1+ 3t
x 2  2x  3 = A1
1 4 2
x = 0, h(x) = 1 +  both x 1
3 3 (c) t M1
2
3
x = 1, h(x) = 1 + ½ = B1
2  x 1 
3
4 3 y=   M1
range of h = { y :  y  , y  R} A1  2 
3 2
= x  13
1
(c) h has an inverse function, h is a one-to- A1
one function B1 8
1
(d) y – intercept =
8
9. (a) A  2(12  2)  3(16  1)  4(8  3) x – intercept = −1 Both correct A1

 5  0 M1
A is not singular because A  5  0 . A1

2 3 4  10 4 9 
  
AB   4 3 1  15 4  14 
1 4  6 
 2   5 1 

5 0 0
 
 0 5 0   5I M1A1
0 5
 0 
  
x sin xdx  x cos x 02 
11. (a)
 0
2
02 cos xdx
 y
=  x cos x  sin x  2
0 M1
   
=  cos  sin    0  sin 0  1
 2 2 2
A1
 
2
 02 1  cos2 xdx
1
(b) 2 sin 2 xdx  M1
0 2

1 1 2 6
=  x  sin 2 x  M1
2 2 0 5
1  1 1  
=  sin   (0  sin 0)  A1
2  2 2 2  4 0 x
2
 5
Area = 02 x  sin x dx M1


 x2 2
=   cos x  M1 2 6
 2  0 Minimum point  ,  B1
5 5
 2
 Shape of graph D1
=  cos  (0  cos0)
8 2
2 2
  1 unit 2  2 6
A1 x  5, q(5)  5 5    M1
8  5  5

 107
Volume =  02 x  sin x dx
2
B1

=  02 x  2 x sin x  sin 2 x dx  x  0,5 , Rq   ,107
6 
2
A1
5 
  
=   x 2 dx  2
 x sin xdx  
02 sin
2 2 2
xdx M1
0 0

 x3  2  
=     2 (1)     M1
 3  0 4

4 2
=  2 
24 4


1 4
24

  6 2  48 unit
3
 A1

4 3 2
12.a) p   6   a   b      1  0
1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 2
M1
a  2b  1 M1
p ' (1)  24(1)3  3a(1) 2  2b(1)  1  0 M1
3a  2b  25

a  13 , b  7 A1A1
p( x)  (2x 1)(x 1)(x 1)(3x  1) A1
(2x 1)(x 1)(x 1)(3x  1)  0
1 1
x  , 1,  A1
2 3

(b) p( x)  (3x  1) 2 x 3  1  (5 x 2  4 x  2) M1


 

q( x)  5x 2  4 x  2 A1
2
 2 6
q( x)  5 x    M1
 5  5
MARKING SCHEME FOR MATHEMATICS T PAPER 2

1 Let h = TQ (height of vertical tower)


1. cos 3  = cos ( 2   )
h h
tan  = PQ = QR
1
cos 3   cos ( 2   ) = 0 B1 h
therefore PQ = QR = M1
tan 
 1   1 
 2sin  θ  π  sin  2θ  π  =0 M1 ( PQR is isosceles)
 4   4 

 1   1 
sin  θ  π  = 0 or sin  2θ  π  = 0 QPR = QRP = 60 .
o
 4   4 
( PQR is equilateral)
 1   1 
θ  π =  or  2θ  π  = 0,  M1 PR =
h
M1(Implied)
 4   4  tan 
2h
3 1 5 and SR =
3tan 
M1
 = π or  = π, π
4 8 8
1 3 5 QS = QR + SR  2(QR)(SR) cos 60 .
2 2 2 o
 = π, π , π. A1
8 4 8 h 2 2h 2
) 
2
QS = ( ) + (
tan  3tan 
2. 2 QA  3 AR
h 2h o
2( )( ) cos 60 M1
tan  3tan 
  
2 OA  OQ  3 OR  OA  7h
3 2 QS = A1
OA  OR  OQ M1 3 tan 
5 5
h
=
3
4 i  3j + 2 4 j tan  = QS M1
5 5
12 17 3 tan 
= i j A1 tan  =
5 5 7

tan  : tan  = 3 : 7 A1
2 QB   3BR
  
2 OB  OQ  3 OR  OB 
 e dy   (1  ln x)dx
y
4. M1
OB  3OR  2OQ M1
1
 34i  3j  24 j
 12 i  j A1  x 
e y  x  x ln x  x dx + c M1A1

PA  OA  OP  
18
i
18
j e y  x ln x  c A1
5 5
x  1, y  ln 2 , c=2 M1A1

PB  OB  OP  6 i  6 j e y  x ln x  2 M1
Particular solution  y  ln 2  x ln x A1
 18 18 
PA  PB    i  j   6 i  6 j 
 5 5 
 18   18 
=   x 6      6 
5.(a)
M1
 5   5
= 0. A1
 ABO =  ACO = 30 ( Angles subtended by the same arc) B1
PA is perpendicular to PB . B1
 BAO = ABO = 30(Base angles of isosceles ) B1
T
 AOB =180  BAO   ABO ( Sum of interior angles of )
3. = 120 M1

1
 APC =  AOB(Angle at circumference is half angle at centre)
Q 2
= 60 A1

 

60 5(b)
o  R
P SS
 ACP = 180− AOB = 60 ( Opposite angles of cyclic 10
2
= (2.071t  2.5)
2
+ (7.071t)
2

quadrilateral) B1 100 = 54.288t  10.355t + 6.25


2

 CAP=180  ACB   APB ( Sum of interior angles of )


54.288t  10.355t  93.75 = 0
2

= 60
t = 1.413
Since  APC =  ACP =  CAP= 60 B1
t = 1 hour 25 min A1
 APC is an equilateral triangle. B1
The time is 1325 A1

5(c) Method 2

 QBC =  CAP = 60 (Exterior angles of cyclic quadrilateral) B1 VQP = VQ  VP


 Vp = 5 km
VQP = 10 + 5  2(10)(5) cos 45 . M1
2 2 2 o
  QBC =  APC
h1
B1 VQP = 7.37 km h . A1 1 4
 BQ is parallel to PA (Corresponding angles are equal) B1
sin  sin 45
o
VQP 5o
5 = 7.37 VQ = 10 km
o
 = 28 40’, or 28.7
o o h1
6. (a) VP = 5i + 0j , VQ = 5 2 i + 5 2 j. 4
VQP = VQ  VP. The direction of VQP is at N 16 20’ E or
o
5oo E
N 16.4 A1
=(5 2  5)i + 5 2 j. M1 (b) The shortest distance between the two boats = d
| VQP | = (5 2  5) + (5 2 )
2 2 2
o d
sin 73 40’ = 2.5 M1
1 1
|VQP | =7.368 km h or 7.37 km h . A1
d = 2.399 km or 2.40 km A1
5 2
tan  = M1 o
5 2 5 2.5 cos 73 40'
Time taken t = 7.37 M1
 = 73o 41’ 5
t = 5 min 43 sec A1
2
 The time when the two boats are at shortest

5 2 5 distance is 1206 A1 T
The direction of VQP is at N 16o 19’ E A1 sin  sin 73 40'
o
. (c) 2.5 = 10 M1

 sin  = 0.2399
(b) At time t, position vector of Q = OQ 
 = 13 53’
o
A1

 = 92 27’
OQ = (0i + 0j) + (VQP)t o

 QT 10
OQ = (5 2  5)t i + (5 2 )t j.
sin 92 27' = sin 73 40' M1
M1 o o 10 km

Position vector of P = OP QT = 10.41 km
 10.41
OP = 2.5i + 0j
t = 7.37 d
o 
   t = 1 hour 25min M1 73 40’
PQ = OQ  OP
The time is 1325 hr A1 Q P
 2.5 km
PQ = [(5 2  5)t  2.5] I + (5 2 )t j. M1

PQ = (2.071t  2.5) I + 7.071t j . 7. Required Probability = P ( R1R2)+P(B1B2)

| PQ |2 = s2 = (2.071t  2.5)2 + (7.071t)2
3 7 5 3
ds = x  x B1B1M1
2s dt = 4.142(2.071t  2.5) + 100t M1 8 9 8 9
1
ds = A1
For shortest distance dt = 0 2

4.142(2.071t  2.5) + 100t = 0 9. New mean = 6


t = 0.09536 hr
2369 m n
t = 5 min 43 sec A1 6 M1
6
s = [2.071(0.095)  2.5}
2 2 2
+ {7.071(0.095)} m  n  16 ……….(1) A1
2
s = 5.756 km New variance = 7.5+2.5=10
The shortest distance s = 2.399 km or 2.40 4  9  36  81  m 2  n 2
 6 2  10 M1
6
km A1
m2  n2  146 ……(2) A1

(c) | PQ | = 10 M1 Solving (1) and (2):
m 2  16  m2  146
2m2  32m  110  0
m  11 or m  5 A1
m  11, n  5 or m  5, n  11 (d) Skewed negative. Reason : Q2Q1 > Q3−Q2
The two numbers are 5 and 11. A1

10. 12
X  B( n, p)
 k 1  x dx  1
1
2
4 (a) X is random:
np = 4 , np(1-p) = M1(Both)
3 1
2 1
p = and n = 6 A1  x3 
3 k x    1 M1
 3 
1
2
X  B( 6, )
3  1
k 1   (1) 
 13   1 A1
2 6
P(X= 6) = ( ) M1  3 3 
3
3
64 k A1
= 729 A1 8

b)
f(x)

64
P( Y  4) = 729 [P ( Y = 4 ) + P ( Y = 5 ) + P ( Y = 6)] M1
64 6 3 4 2 2 6 3 52 1 3 6
= 729 [ C4( 5 ) (5 ) + C5 ( 5 ) (5 ) + ( 5 ) ] y
3
8
1 x2 
M1M1
3
64 972 2916 64
= 729 [ 3125 + 15625 + 15625 A1 8
= 0.0478 A1
x
11.
R1
(a)
By symmetry : E(X)=0. B1
Stem Leaves
2 0
 kx 1  x dx  0 M1
1
2 2
3 (c) Var(X) =
1
4 6 8
1
 x3 x5 
5 2 2 4 4 7 = k   M1
6 0 1 2 2 7 9  3 5 
1
16 2
7 0 2 2 4 5 6 8 = k A1
15 5
8 0 2 3 3 5
B1
Key : 5|7 means 57 B1

b)
Median = 68 B1
Q1 = 54, Q3 = 76
Interquartile range = 76  54 B1B1
= 22 B1

(c) 54 68 76
20 46 85
 R1( shape + his Q’s)
outlier