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IC APPLICATIONS LAB

LAB MANUAL
ON
IC APPLICATIONS

III B.TECH I SEMESTER ECE


(JNTUA-R13)
Verified and Compiled by:
Dr. V. THRIMURTHULU, M.E, Ph.D., MISTE, MIETE
Professor, Dept. of ECE

Mr. S. ALI ASGAR, M.Tech Ms. A.MOUNIKA, M.Tech


Assistant Professor, Dept. of ECE Assistant Professor, Dept. of ECE

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATION


ENGINEERING

CHADALAWADA RAMANAMMA ENGINEERING COLLEGE


CHADALAWADA NAGAR, RENIGUNTA ROAD, TIRUPATI (A.P) – 517506

Dept. of ECE CREC 1


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Study the characteristics of negative feedback amplifier


a. A Unity gain amplifier
b. A Non-inverting amplifier
c. An Inverting Amplifier
2. Design of an Instrumentation amplifier
3. Design of Astable Multivibrator
4. Design of an Op-amp as an Integrator
5. Design of a Function Generator
6. Design of Analog filters- I
7. Design of Analog filters- II
8. Design of Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO)
9. Design of Phase Locked Loops (PLL)
10. Design of Automatic Gain Control (AGC)/Automatic Volume Control (AVC)
Characteristics
11. Design of Low drop out regulator
12. Design of DC-DC Converter

Dept. of ECE CREC 2


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

1.STUDY THE CHARACTERISTICS OF NEGATIVE FEEDBACK


AMPLIFIER
1(A). INVERTING AMPLIFIER

AIM: To Design an Inverting amplifier for the given specifications using ASLK-PRO.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. By adjusting the amplitude and frequency knobs of the function generator, appropriate input
voltage is applied to the inverting input terminal of the Op-Amp.
3. The output voltage is obtained in the CRO and the input and output voltage waveforms are
plotted in a graph sheet.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 3


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:
We know for an inverting Amplifier ACL = RF / R1
Assume R1 (approx. 10 KΩ) and find Rf
Hence Vo(theoretical) = - ACL Vi

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Amplitude (V)

Input

Output

Dept. of ECE CREC 4


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 5


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

1(B). NON-INVERTING AMPLIFIER

AIM: To Design a Non-Inverting amplifier for the given specifications using ASLK-PRO.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. By adjusting the amplitude and frequency knobs of the function generator, appropriate input
voltage is applied to the non-inverting input terminal of the Op-Amp.
3. The output voltage is obtained in the CRO and the input and output voltage waveforms are
plotted in a graph sheet.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 6


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:
We know for a non-inverting Amplifier ACL = 1+(RF / R1 )
Assume R1 (approx. 10 KΩ) and find Rf
Hence Vo(theoretical) = ACL Vi

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Amplitude (V)

Input

Output

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IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 8


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

1(C). UNITY GAIN AMPLIFIER

AIM: To Design a Unity gain amplifier for the given specifications using ASLK-PRO.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. By adjusting the amplitude and frequency knobs of the function generator, appropriate input
voltage is applied to the non-inverting input terminal of the Op-Amp.
3. The output voltage is obtained in the CRO and the input and output voltage waveforms are
plotted in a graph sheet.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 9


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:
We know for a Unity gain Amplifier Vo=Vi

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Amplitude (V)

Input

Output

Dept. of ECE CREC 10


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 11


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

2. DESIGN OF INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER


AIM: Design an Instrumentation amplifier of Differential mode gain of ‘A’ using three op-amps.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 3
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. By adjusting the amplitude and frequency knobs of the function generator, appropriate input
voltage is applied to the inverting input terminal of the Op-Amp.
3. The output voltage is obtained in the CRO.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 12


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:
We know for an instrumentation Amplifier

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Amplitude (V)

Input V1=
V2=
Output

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 13


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

3. DESIGN OF ASTABLE MULTIVIBRATOR


AIM: To Design an Astable Multivibrator for the given specifications using ASLK-PRO.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. By adjusting the amplitude and frequency knobs of the function generator, the output
waveform is obtained in the CRO and the input and output voltage waveforms are plotted in a
graph sheet.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 14


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:

The Time period of Astable Multivibrator is


T = 2RCln [(1+β)/(1-β)]
Where β = R1/(R1+R2 )
Now the Frequency is given by f=(1/T)=_____________Hz

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No R,C Time Period (ms) Frequency (Hz)

Dept. of ECE CREC 15


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 16


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

4. DESIGN OF OP-AMP AS AN INTEGRATOR


AIM: To design an Integrator circuit for the given specifications using ASLK-PRO.

APPARATUS REQUIRED:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2 Apply a Square wave and Sine wave inputs of 4V (p-p) for a frequency of 1 KHz.
3 By adjusting the proper amplitude and frequency knobs of function generator, appropriate
input voltage is applied to the inverting terminal of the op-amp.
4 The output waveform is obtained in the CRO and the input and output voltage waveforms are
plotted in a graph sheet.

PIN DIAGRAM:

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IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

INPUT & OUTPUT WAVEFORMS:

Dept. of ECE CREC 18


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

RESULT:

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IC APPLICATIONS LAB

5.DESIGN OF FUNCTION GENERATOR


AIM: Design and test function generator that can generate Square wave and Triangular wave
output for a given frequency.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is observed with then help of CRO.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 20


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

DESIGN:
The function generator produces a square wave at the Schmitt trigger output and a
triangular wave at the integrator output with the frequency (F) equal to

F=(1/4)RC(R2/R1)

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Frequency of Square Wave (Hz) Frequency of Triangular Wave (Hz)

Dept. of ECE CREC 21


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 22


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

6. DESIGN OF ANALOG FILTERS-I


AIM: Design a Second order Butterworth Band-pass filter for a given center frequency.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is obtained with the help of CRO.
3. Apply a Square wave input with a frequency of 157 Hz a Sample output is obtained which is
shown in the figure below.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 23


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Frequency (Hz) Output Voltage (V)

Dept. of ECE CREC 24


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 25


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

7. DESIGN OF ANALOG FILTERS-II


AIM: Design a Notch filter for a given center frequency.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is obtained with the help of CRO.
3. Apply a Square wave input with a frequency of 159 Hz a Sample output is obtained which is
shown in the figure below.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 26


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Frequency (Hz) Output Voltage (V)

Dept. of ECE CREC 27


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 28


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

8. DESIGN OF VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR


AIM: Design and test voltage controlled oscillator for a given specification.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is obtained with the help of CRO.
3. Vary the Control Voltage (Vc) and obtain the change in Frequency (fo)

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 29


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Control Voltage(Vc) Change in frequency (fo)

Dept. of ECE CREC 30


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 31


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

8. DESIGN OF PHASE LOCKED LOOP


AIM: Design and test a PLL to a given frequency ‘f’.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is obtained with the help of CRO.
3. Measure the Lock range of the system
4. Measure the change in Phase of the output signal as the input frequency is varied within the
lock range.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 32


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Input frequency (Hz) Output frequency (Hz)

Dept. of ECE CREC 33


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 34


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

10. DESIGN OF AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL (AGC)/AUTOMATIC


VOLUME CONTROL (AVC)
AIM: Design a AGC System to maintain a peak amplitude of Sine wave output at 2V.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TL 082 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. The output waveform is obtained with the help of CRO.
3. Apply a Sine wave input and observe the amplitude at output.
4. Vary the input amplitude at fixed input frequency; the output amplitude should remain
constant for varying input amplitude within the lock range of the system.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 35


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

Fixed Input Frequency=1 KHz

S.No Input voltage (Vin) Output voltage (Vout)

Dept. of ECE CREC 36


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 37


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

11. DESIGN OF LOW DROP OUT REGULATOR


AIM: Design and test a low drop out Regulator using TPS7250 IC.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TPS 7250 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. Vary the input voltage from 5.5V to 10V and observe the output voltage with the help of a
Multimeter.
3. Plot the Graph on a graph sheet by taking input voltage (Vin) on x-axis and output voltage
(Vout) on y-axis.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 38


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Input Voltage (Vin) Output Voltage (Vout)

Dept. of ECE CREC 39


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 40


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

12. DESIGN OF DC-DC CONVERTER


AIM: Design of a Switch mode Power Supply that can provide a regulated power voltage for a
given input range using the TPS 40200 IC.

APPARATUS:

S.No Name of the Apparatus Range Quantity


1 Function Generator 3 M Hz 1
2 CRO 30 M Hz 1
3 Dual RPS (0-30)V 1
4 ASLK-PRO TPS 40200 IC 1
5 Connecting Wires As Required

PRECAUTIONS:
1. Output voltage will be saturated if it exceeds ± 10V.

PROCEDURE:
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram in the ASLK-PRO.
2. Vary the input voltage from 6V to 10V and observe the output voltage with the help of a
Multimeter.
3. Plot the Graph on a graph sheet by taking input voltage (Vin) on x-axis and output voltage
(Vout) on y-axis.

PIN DIAGRAM:

Dept. of ECE CREC 41


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

OBSERVATIONS:

S.No Input Voltage (Vin) Output Voltage (Vout)

Dept. of ECE CREC 42


IC APPLICATIONS LAB

MODEL GRAPH:

RESULT:

Dept. of ECE CREC 43