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CIRCULATORY SYSTEM deoxygenated blood except for the

pulmonary veins.
3 components of circulatory system
CAPILLARIES - the finest and thinnest
-heart -blood -blood vessel
of all the blood vessels. They form a
HEART - approximately the size of your vast of network where the exchange of
fist, which pumps blood throughout the materials takes place in the body.
body. Located at the center chest
THE FLOW OF THE BLOOD
between the lungs and slightly
deviated to the left. It is divided into 1. Superior and inferior vena cava 2.
two halves, the right and left halves. Right atrium 3. Tricuspid valve 4. Right
ventricles 5. Pulmonary valve 6.
RIGHT HALVES - contain deoxygenated
Pulmonary artery 7. Lungs 8.
blood coming from all parts of your
Pulmonary vein 9. Left atrium 10.
body and brings this blood to the lungs
Bicuspid/Mitral valve 11. Left ventricles
for oxygenation or gas exchange.
12. Aortic valve 13. Aorta 14. The rest
LEFT HALVES - receives oxygenated of the body
blood coming from the lungs and
TYPES OF CIRCULATION PULMONARY
pumps the blood to all parts of the
body BLOOD - transport raw materials CIRCULATION - movement of the blood
to cells and remove waste from cells. from the heart, to the lungs and back
to the heart
RED BLOOD CELLS (ERYTHROCYTES) -
have a life span of around 90-120 days CORONARY CIRCULATION - movement
after which they are broken down and of the blood through the tissue of the
stored in the liver and spleen. heart
Produced in the marrow of long bone.
SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION - movement
Hemoglobin is an important iron and
of blood from the heart to the rest of
protein compound of RBC.
the body excluding lungs
WHITE BLOOD CELLS (LEUKOCYTES) -
DISEASES OF CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
cells in the immune system. They help
defend the body from invasion of Angina pectoris -refers to the pain in
pathogen that can cause diseases. the chest Atherosclerosis -hardening of
Produced and stored in the bone the arteries Heart attack - blood supply
marrow. The live for only 1-3 days. is cut off from the heart

PLATELETS (THROMBOCYTES) - Arrhythmia and dysrhythmia -No


colorless cells that are smaller than rhythm and abnormal rhythm
red and white blood cells and lack of
nuclei. They are fragments from very High blood pressure (hypertension)
large bone marrow cells. They live for -force or pressure of the blood flowing
less than 10 days. The purpose of WBC through the vessels is consistently too
is to aid in clotting, the process that high.
stops the flow of the blood. Stroke - blocked by a blood clot or
PLASMA - a yellowish liquid, unclotted burst Aortic aneurysms -the artery wall
or uncoagulated part of the blood that has weakened
is transparent and straw-colored. DISEASES of Respiratory System
BLOOD VESSELS - it is where blood Emphysema - the damage of air sac in
flows. The alleys and highways. the lungs
ARTERIES - responsible for carrying Lung cancer –
blood that leaves the heart
Chronic Bronchitis - inflamed bronchial
VEINS - responsible for carrying blood tubes produced a lot of mucus
back to the heart. They contain
Cataracts - clouding of the lens

Buerger's diseases - blood vessels


swell which prevent the blood to flow
causing clot to form

Diabetes - the blood sugar level is too


high

Gastric ulcer - is a break in the inner


lining of the stomach

Breast cancer –

Osteoporosis disease - a body losses


too much bone

PREVENTION HEALTHY LIFESTYLE –

balanced diet

- regular exercise

- adequate rest

- avoiding vices (smoking, alcoholic)

- stop smoking