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4 Sense It

Unit Objectives (page 45) 4. 1. started out 5. brings back


2. brought ... along 6. start ... over
1. Possible Answers 3. setting up 7. set ... back
Apart from the five traditional senses, humans are 4. would have started up 8. set off
considered to have at least five additional senses
that include: nociception (pain), equilibrioception
(balance), proprioception (joint motion and Topic Vocabulary (page 49)
acceleration), sense of time and thermoception
(temperature differences). THE SENSES
1. 1. b 2. b 3. a 4. b 5. a
READING (page 46) 2. Sight Hearing Smell Taste Touch
1. 1. Thomson’s travel agencies, London’s Superdrug stare rhythm odour savoury stroke
2. over 200 pattern whisper stink flavour
3. 1984 3. 1. rhythm 6. odour
4. London 2. stink 7. whisper
5. 2007 3. flavour 8. savoury
3. 1. Because long-term memory is stored in the same 4. stare 9. pattern
area of the brain that processes smells, smells can 5. stroke
trigger strong memories and emotions.
2. It pumps artificial chocolate smell through the IDIOMS
ventilation system of the shop.
3. These natural scents are difficult to replicate 4. 1. tooth 4. see
because their chemical structure is complicated. 2. ear 5. touch
4. These smells make the museum exhibits more 3. taste 6. sense
realistic and authentic.
5. 1. bright 5. pleasant
5. Smoking in pubs was banned in the UK in 2007;
therefore, pubs no longer have ashtrays. 2. stare 6. flavours
3. pale 7. savoury
4. 1. c 2. d 3. a 4. stroke 8. tasty
5. 1. bringing back 4. accurate
2. tantalising 5. tough GRAMMAR (page 50)
3. subtle
REPORTED SPEECH
VOCABULARY (page 48) Statements
1. We move the verb back in time when the
reporting verb is in the past.
Words from the Text 2. Personal pronouns, possessive determiners,
1. 1. exhibit 6. tough demonstratives, time and place words.
2. all the rage 7. mood Questions
3. remain 8. firm 1. if / whether
4. accurate 9. approach 2. A reported question no longer has the order of
a question as it is not a question.
5. trigger
Orders
2. 1. scent 5. take advantage of 1. infinitive
2. mouth-watering 6. purchase 2. In negative reported orders, we use not to before
3. weird 7. nasty the main verb.
4. stores Suggestions
gerund
PHRASAL VERBS Reporting Verbs with Other Structures
1. infinitive 3. object + infinitive
3. 1. b 3. a 5. a 7. b 2. gerund
2. b 4. b 6. a 8. a

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1. 1. had been looking 5. had made 7. Possible Answers
2. understood 6. to come with A reporter asked Batt if he had ever expected to be
3. might go 7. cancelling sued for copying silence.
4. not to let 8. was wearing Batt answered that he had never expected to be sued
because silence didn’t belong to anybody.
2. Questions: asked, inquired, wondered
The reporter wanted to know why he had agreed to
Statements: insisted, mentioned pay a large sum of money in compensation.
3. 1. The reporter asked her how she had found the Batt explained that he had agreed to pay the money
missing girl the year before. out of respect for John Cage.
2. The reporter asked her if she had ever solved A reporter asked Batt why both he and Cage had
a murder case. included silence in their work.
3. The reporter wanted to know if Laura asked Batt replied that the silence made each performance
people to pay her for her help. unique.
4. The reporter inquired if she was working on any
important cases then.
5. The reporter wanted to know if she could use her
sixth sense for other things as well. 1. Jim denied stealing the money.
2. Chloe wanted to know whether I had ever seen
4. 1. My grandmother complained that she hadn’t been an opera.
feeling well lately.
3. Carl told me that he wouldn’t be at home that
2. Maggie asked me if I was going to return her night.
books that day.
4. The shop assistant asked me what I was looking
3. The detective warned us not to touch any of for.
those things.
5. Mark refused to speak to anyone there.
4. Pamela recommended that we see that film the
6. Jenna suggested going out for coffee. / Jenna
following day. / Pamela recommended seeing that
suggested that we go out for coffee.
film the following day.
5. The teacher claimed that her students had done
most of the work an hour before. Grammar Review
6. John asked me what I had been doing during the
match the day before. 8. 1. My father reminded me to phone him when I got
home that night.
7. Andi told me that he usually swam on
Wednesdays. 2. The world is said to be getting warmer.
3. The package has already been delivered.
8. My sister advised me not to get upset about it.
4. You needn’t have helped him.
page 51 5. Anna asked me where I had got that beautiful
5. 1. “Did Tim get a high mark?” my dad wanted to dress.
know. 6. Mark has been running for an hour.
2. “We discussed this yesterday,” explained Sam.
3. “Let’s go camping,” suggested my brother / “We SKILLS (page 52)
could go camping,” suggested my brother.
4. “Can you run faster?” my coach asked me.
5. “How long have you been waiting?” wondered LISTENING
the woman.
A REPORT
6. “Don’t mention the party!” Harriet reminded me.
7. “I’ve never ridden a bicycle,” said the boy. 1. The 2s form a diamond shape.
8. “Where is the post office?” I asked my neighbour.
2. 1. b 2. c
6. 1. had plagiarised 5. didn’t support
3. 1. after a while 4. differences
2. copying 6. to pay
2. are constant 5. genetic
3. hadn’t expected 7. was making
3. always 6. enjoy
4. was 8. would be

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SPEAKING (page 53) 3. Adverbs of frequency
usually, rarely, never, always, seldom, often,
COMPARING PICTURES frequently
Adverbs of degree
1. Possible Answers a bit, quite, not at all, pretty, fairly, hardly, absolutely,
Picture A – People are in a football stadium. They completely, slightly, terribly
are mainly using sight and hearing. They’re probably
watching their football team play a match. They can 4. 1. completely 4. terribly
hear everyone singing and cheering. 2. extremely 5. rather
Picture B – People are in a pub. The senses they are 3. not at all
using are sight, hearing, smell and taste. They are 5. Possible Answers
chatting over a drink and listening to music. They can
1. We always buy our pizza at Luigi’s because
probably smell smoke and beer.
it’s absolutely delicious.
2. 1. f 3. e 5. c 2. Janet rarely goes to the gym and is in really bad
2. a 4. b 6. d shape.
3. While many cats are often unfriendly, this one is
3. a. what the pictures have in common
fairly affectionate.
The two pictures are similar because
4. His doctor was very shocked to learn that he
Another thing they’ve got in common is
sometimes smoked.
they both show
5. I was not at all happy to hear that Kath never
b. the differences between the pictures visits her aunt.
However, in some ways they are very different
6. Possible Answers
Another difference is
My school is a great place where most students are
while in picture B
always quite cheerful in spite of the tough exams.
whereas in picture B
The teachers are usually friendly – although they are
sometimes in a bad mood.
WRITING (page 54) My favourite singer is Rihanna. I love her wonderful
voice even though she is a pretty bad dancer. The
clothes she usually wears are all the rage.
A Description of an Event My neighbourhood is not the best place to live –
some guys are pretty scary and you rarely feel safe.

1. Event: jazz concert Your Task


Time and place: last night at Mike’s Club
Writer’s opinion: positive
WRITING A DESCRIPTION
2. Sight: The club was dark, quite tiny and extremely 1. Possible Answers
crowded. … the shiny gold trumpets and saxophones A wedding or birthday celebration
made an impressive sight … the food, the music, the guests, the atmosphere
Hearing: people … talking excitedly and laughing. ... A concert or show
when the musicians began to play I was immediately the acting, the music, the atmosphere, the audience
captivated by the powerful sound. A festival or fair
Smell: A strong smell of cigarette smoke hung in the the food, the music, the atmosphere
air.
A contest or sports event
Taste: salty chips and sour pickles
the competition, the spectators, the atmosphere
3. Yes, he did. He intends to buy tickets for jazz events
in the future.
Improve Your Style
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
1. Many people from far away came to watch the
1. 1. dark, tiny, crowded, strong, famous, salty, sour, match.
delicious, shiny, gold, impressive, powerful, lively, 2. My father has been urging me every day to go to
enthusiastic the dentist.
2. fantastic, great 3. We had only the dessert because we were late.
3. excitedly, immediately 4. I heard on the evening news that there has been
4. quite, extremely. an accident.
5. You can find almost any paint in this art shop.
page 55
6. I’m hungry. I had just a sandwich for lunch.
2. 1. outstanding, delightful, wonderful
2. disappointing, discouraging
3. properly, successfully
4. powerful, overpowering
5. poorly, carelessly

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LIFE SKILLS (page 56)

BRITISH ETIQUETTE
TASK QUESTIONS

1. b (tip d)
2. a (tip e)
3. c (tip g)
4. b (tip a)
5. a (tip c)
6. c (tip b)
7. b (tip f)
8. b (tip h)

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