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Advantages of Computers

1 . Speed Up Work Efficiency

This is by far the biggest advantage of using computers. They have

replaced the use of manpower in carrying out tedious and repetitive work.
Work that can take days to complete manually can be done in a few minutes
using a computer. This is made possible by the fact that data, instructions and
information move very fast in the electric circuits of computers. They process
trillions of instructions within a second.

2. Large and Reliable Storage Capacity

Computers can store huge volumes of data. To put this into perspective,
physical files that can fill a whole room can be stored in one computer once
they are digitized. Better yet, access to the stored information is super-fast. It
takes micro-seconds for data to be transferred from storage to memory in a
computer. The same cannot be said for the retrieval of physical files. With a
computer, you can store videos, games, applications, documents etc. that you
can access whenever required. Better yet, storage can be backed up fast and
3. Connection with Internet

The Internet is probably the most outstanding invention in history.

Computers allow you to connect to the Internet and access this global
repository of knowledge. With the Internet, you can communicate faster with
people across the globe. You can send email, hold voice and video calls or
use IM services. The Internet also allows for instant sharing of files. You can
also connect with friends and family on social networks and even learn a new
language online. The Internet is a great educational resource where you can
find information on virtually anything.
One of the biggest breakthroughs on the Internet is probably ecommerce.
You can actually shop in the convenience of your home and have the items
delivered to your doorstep.

4. Consistency
You always get the same result for the same process when using a
computer. For example if you created a document on one computer, you can
open it on another without making any special adjustments. This consistency
makes it possible to save and edit a document from different computers in
different parts of the world. Collaboration is therefore easier.
Whatever job you need done, you can always rest assured that the
computer will get it just right. There will be no variations in results achieved
from the same process. This makes computers ideal for doing tedious and
repetitive work.

Disadvantages of Computers

1. Health Risk

Improper and prolonged use of a computer might lead to disorders or

injuries of the elbows, wrist, neck, back, and eyes. As a computer user you
can avoid these injuries by working in a workplace that is well designed, using
a good sitting position and taking proper work breaks. Technology load and
computer addiction are the major behavioral health risks. Addiction comes
when you are obsessed with a computer. Technology overload comes when
you are over loaded with computer and mobile phones. Both technology
overload and computer addiction are avoidable if the habits are noted
and a follow up is done.

2. Violation of Privacy

When using the Internet on your computer, you run the risk of leaking your
private information. This is especially so if you happen to download malicious
software into your computer. Trojans and Malware can infiltrate your system
and give identity thieves access to your personal information. Of particular
interest to identity thieves are your bank and credit card details. Make sure to
install reliable antivirus software to keep malware and Trojans at bay. You
should also avoid clicking on suspicious looking links when using the Internet.
3. Impact on Environment

Manufacturing process of computers and computer waste are harmful to

the environment. When computer junk is discarded in open grounds, they
release harmful chemicals like lead and mercury to the environment. Mercury
can result in cancer and lead can cause radiation diseases when exposed to
the environment. Disposed computers could also cause fire.

4. Data Security
This is one of the most controversial aspects of computers today. The
safety and integrity of data is key for any business. However, data stored in a
computer can be lost or compromised in a number of ways. There are
instances where the computer could crash wiping out all data that had been
stored therein. Hackers could also gain access into your computer and
compromise the integrity of your data. This is why you should always have a
backup. Moreover, you should put measures in place to keep your data safe
from hackers.