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2 INFORME DE LA COOPERACIÓN SUR-SUR Y TRIANGULAR

ACKNOW L E D GM E N T S

Contents
General Directorate of International
Cooperation - Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and Worship of Argentina.

Coordination
National Office Argentina – International
Organization for Migration (IOM)

Translation
Maitén Vargas

Design
Ariana Jenik y Cristina Melo
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 3

IND E X

PAG.
PAG.

7_ EDITORIAL 8_ ARGENTINE
COOPERATION TODAY

7 _ Argentine Cooperation in
a New International Context.
10 _ The Argentine Fund for International
Cooperation: Twenty-Seven Years Promoting
Partnerships for Development.

13 _ IOM and South-South Cooperation.

14 _ Argentine Institutions and experts: A Network


Working for South- South Cooperation.

17 _ Argentine Cooperation around the World:


Our Partners.

18 _ The Contribution of Argentine Cooperation


to the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development.
4 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

PAG.

20_ ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH
LATIN AMERICA

22 _ BOLIVIA 42 _ ECUADOR
23 _ Strategies to Control the South American Locust. 42 _ Development of Public Policies for People with
24 _ Environmental Awareness and Utilization of Disabilities and their Families.
Agriculture Waste from the Sugar Cane Harvest.
25 _ Strengthening Capacities of the Wine Sector for 43 _ GUATEMALA
Sustainable Management of Water and Energy 43 _ Towards a Technical Regulation for Dam Safety.
44 _ Installation and Promotion of the Use of Wind
26 _ BRASIL Energy in the Facilities of the University of San
27 _ Strengthening Actions for the Promotion of Early Carlos.
28 _ Infant Development.
Management of Solid Urban Waste. 45 _ HONDURAS
45 _ Strengthening of Agri-Food Chains.
30 _ CHILE 46 _ State Management of Environmental Cleanliness
31 _ Good Practices in Criminal Investigations (Solid Waste).
32 _ Monvoisin in America: Binational Studios for the
Scientific Analysis of Paintings. 47 _ MÉXICO
47 _ Institutional Strengthening for the Implementation
33 _ COLOMBIA of Drug Treatment Courts.
34 _ Exchange of alternative methods for the resolution
of conflicts as public policy to access to justice. 49 _ PARAGUAY
35 _ Preventing the recruitment of boys, girls and young 50 _ Strengthening the Agri-Food Unit of the National
people and adolescents in the municipalities of Institute of Technology, Standards and Metrology
Popayan, Algeciras and Puerto Asis. (INTN).
36 _ Search, localization and identification of disappeared 51 _ Strengthening Alternative Methods and Conflict
people. Resolution.

38 _ COSTA RICA 52 _ PERÚ


38 _ Strengthening the Process of Organs, Tissues and 52 _ Appraisal and Ornamental Use of Peruvian Native
Cells Donation and Transplantation. Flora: The Case of Cantuta (Peru’s National Flower).
39 _ Consolidation of Apiculture as a Tool for 54 _ Natural Resource Management in the Landscape
Development. Reserve Nor Yauyos Cochas.

40 _ CUBA 55 _ URUGUAY
40 _ Development of Particle Boards Produced from 55 _ Strengthening Capacities in Justice.
Sugar Cane Bagasse and Soy Protein. 57 _ Binational Standardization of Professional
41 _ Support for the Comprehensive Management of the Certifications
Urban-Landscape Environment in Havana Bay and
Buffer Area. 58 _ BOLIVIA, COSTA RICA, PARAGUAY AND PERU
58 _ Strengthening the Development of Processes
for Cell, Tissue and Organ Donation and
Transplantation.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 5

PAG. PAG.

60_ARGENTINE 70_ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH COOPERATION
THE CARIBBEAN WITH AFRICA

62 _ CARICOM 72 _ ANGOLA
62 _ Regional Cooperation Workshop on Agriculture 72 _ Training Auditors on Industrial, Scientific and
with the English-Speaking Countries of the Legal Metrology.
Caribbean.
63 _ Strengthening the Detection and Surveillance of 73 _ EGYPT
National and Regional Antimicrobial Resistance in 73 _ Development of Quinoa Growing.
the Member Countries of CARICOM.
74 _ MOROCCO
64 _ BARBADOS 74 _ Production by Fermentation of Microbial Strains
65 _ Strengthening Artisan Fishing Techniques. Usable in the Agri-Food Industry.

66 _ GRENADA 75 _ MOZAMBIQUE
67 _ Strengthening Partnership Work between 75 _ Water Resource Management.
Beekeepers and Guanabana Producers in
Grenada. 76 _ NIGERIA
76 _ Development of Technological Skills and
68 _ GUYANA Capacities to Improve Beef Cattle Production in
69 _ improvement of safety levels of the National Nigeria.
Blood Transfusion service.
77 _ SOUTH AFRICA
77 _ Strengthening Technical Capacities for Sustainable
Grain Production.
78 _ African School of Humanitarian Forensic Action.

79 _ TUNISIA
79 _ Promotion of Value Chains for the Territorial
Development of Siliana.
6 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

PAG. PAG.

80_ARGENTINE 94_ARGENTINE
COOPERATION MULTILATERAL
WITH ASIA COOPERATION

82 _ ARMENIA 96 _ ARGENTINE MULTILATERAL COOPERATION


82 _ Strengthening the Agrarian Extension through
Processes of Technological Innovation. 97 _ UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM
84 _ Strengthening Spanish Language Education.
102 _ MERCOSUR
85 _ PHILIPPINES
86 _ Institutional and Human Resource Strengthening 103 _ IBERO-AMERICAN GENERAL SECRETARIAT
for Plague and Pesticide Management to Ensure (SEGIB)
Food Security.
104 _ ORGANIZATION OF THE AMERICAN STATES
87 _ MONGOLIA
87 _ Strengthening Sanitation and Livestock Matters. 105 _ FORUM FOR EAST ASIA-LATIN AMERICA
COOPERATION (FEALAC)
88 _ PALESTINE
88 _ Genetic Improvement of Small Ruminants. 107 _ EUROPEAN UNION

89 _ SINGAPORE 109_ G20


89 _ “Smart Nations” Initiatives.

90 _ VIETNAM
91 _ Production of High-Yield Soy.
92 _ Institutional Strengthening for the Prevention and
Gradual Eradication of Foot-and-Mouth Disease.
93 _ Regional Workshop of Technical Cooperation
and Agro-Industry.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 7

ED I TORIAL

S
outh-South Cooperation is a broad framework of collaboration bet-
ween developing countries at political, economic, social, cultural, envi-
ronmental and technological level. Over the last decades, it has allowed
our countries to partner horizontally and in conditions of mutual benefit in
order to exchange knowledge and strengthen capacities in a wide range of
areas, from agriculture and environment to health, human rights and science
and technology.

This cooperative approach has continuously and progressively been an essen-


tial part of Argentina’s foreign policy. Through it, both bilaterally and multilate-
rally, our country has partnered with other states, international organizations
and civil society organizations with the aim of working for sustainable develo-
pment and creating new opportunities for our citizens.

Argentina has supported and led this process since the adoption of the Bue-
nos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Coope-
ration among Developing Countries (BAPA). Today, the international com-
munity has once again entrusted us with the task of leading a global debate
on South-South Cooperation by appointing us as the host country for the
Second High-level UN Conference on South-South Cooperation, to be held
in the City of Buenos Aires 20-22 March, 2019.

This Conference will take place at a particular historic moment. The agree-
ments embodied in the 2030 Agenda enshrine an idea of development that
reaches every country and which, at the same time, defines a road map to
eradicate poverty, reduce inequalities and protect the environment. As a co-
rollary, all the international cooperation system is closely looking at the results
of this BAPA+40, which will have to decide how to translate the proven capa-
cities of Southern countries into instruments and commitments aligned with
the Sustainable Development Goals.

Therefore, Argentina has a great challenge and responsibility in this process. In


a complex international scenario, we aim at strengthening multilateralism and
cooperation among countries in pursuit of growth and development. March
2019 will see us once again leading this collective effort.
8 INFORME DE LA COOPERACIÓN SUR-SUR Y TRIANGULAR

ARGENTINE
COOPERATION TODAY
COOPERACIÓN ARGENTINA 9
10 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

THE ARGENTINE FUND FOR INTERNATIONAL


COOPERATION: TWENTY-SEVEN YEARS
PROMOTING PARTNERSHIPS FOR DEVELOPMENT

A
rgentine Cooperation designs, develops and implements its ac-
tions, projects and programs based on the South-South Coope-
ration principles, taking into account the strategies, interests and
needs of partner countries.

In order to implement such policy, our country has the Argentine Fund
for International Cooperation (FO.AR), created in 1992 and since then,
it has been creating and consolidating partnerships for development
through more than 10,800 cooperation actions and projects. Its goal is
to strengthen the capacities through the exchange of knowledge, techno-
logies and best practices, as well as the creation of new instruments that
enhance national development processes. The cooperation actions, pro-
jects and programs channeled through the FO.AR include the thematic
areas of agro-industry, technological and productive innovation, science
and technology, human rights, public innovation management, renewable
energy and gender issues, among others.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 11

FO.AR 1992-2018

10.800 ACTIONS/PROJECTS

7.500 ARGENTINE AND FOREIGN EXPERTS

2.300 COOPERATING INSTITUTIONS

80 COUNTRIES FORM LATINA AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN, ASIA,


OCEANIA AND AFRICA

MODALITIES
Argentine cooperation financed through FO.AR can be done in
three ways:

SENDING ARGENTINE EXPERTS ABROAD


Transfer of experts from Argentine institutions to assist and
collaborate with experts in foreign institutions
in their development strategies..

TRAINING OF FOREIGN TECHNICIANS AND


PROFESSIONALS IN THE COUNTRY
Reception of professionals in Argentine institutions, in the
framework of projects currently taking place, to directly experience
the processes, practices or concrete actions to strengthen their
institutions.

ORGANIZING INTERNATIONAL SEMINARS


Organization and support of international or regional seminars on
specific topics, both bilaterally and multilaterally.
12 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 13

IOM AND SOUTH-SOUTH


COOPERATION

T
he International Organization for Migration (IOM) is the United Na-
tions Migration Agency, whose mission is, among others, to encourage
social and economic development through migration. Furthermore,
since the adoption of the new human development agenda in 2015, IOM per-
forms the follow-up and monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals
migration-related targets. It has also promoted the intergovernmental nego-
tiation process leading to the adoption of the Global Compact for a Safe,
Orderly and Regular Migration last December 2018, in Marrakesh.

The Global Compact acknowledges the importance of the regional dimen-


sion of international migration, as well as the need to enhance regional co-
operation. This acknowledgment is in keeping with IOM historical activities in
the promotion of horizontal cooperation on migration matters among South
American countries. To this end also, in 2000 the debate forum named “South
American Conference on Migration”, which is the main dialogue and political
consensus space on this topic in the region, was established.

For several decades, the Argentine Republic has upheld a strong South-South
Cooperation policy, particularly Triangular cooperation, aimed at promoting
shared experiences strengthening development strategies and programmes,
generating exchange alternatives with the purpose of overcoming asymme-
tries, and fostering social inclusion, sustainable development, the defense of
human rights, and all forms of equity.

These purposes are the foundation for the joint work that the Argentine
state and IOM have implemented since more than 27 years ago, channeled
through the Argentine Fund for International Cooperation, led by the General
Directorate of International Cooperation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and Worship of the Nation. There are many actions that the Government of
Argentina has carried out in this regard, with a special emphasis on areas such
as human rights and justice, agroindustry, and health. Within this framework,

IOM has provided support to the transportation of Argentine experts to


Latin American, Caribbean, European, Asian and African countries; the recep-
tion of foreign professionals in Argentina; and the assistance for the organiza-
tion of international seminars.
IOM lauds the choice of the Argentine Republic as the host country of the
Second United Nations High-Level Conference on South-South Cooperation.
It will undoubtedly be an opportunity to re-energize multilateral cooperation
initiatives and reinforce its significance at the very center of the UN system.
Along these lines, we hope that this publication will become a valuable contri-
bution to the knowledge on the matter.
14 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ARGENTINE INSTITUTIONS AND EXPERTS:


A NETWORK WORKING FOR SOUTH- SOUTH
COOPERATION.

T
he committed joint work of FO.AR and Argentine One of the main areas in which the General Director-
institutions has allowed over the years the possi- ate of International Cooperation (DGCIN) focuses is the
bility of sharing the knowledge and experience of promotion of federal nature of international cooperation,
professionals and technicians from more than 450 insti- facilitating the participation of provinces and municipalities
tutions that have built a true network of national stake- that form our nation. For such purposes, the coordination
holder cooperation. The effort, solidarity and work of all of actions with the different governments and municipal
these institutions, even those that have only participated entities is vital.
in a single project, constitute an essential link in this chain Argentine representations abroad are also key in the execu-
of Argentine Cooperation actions. tion of projects and the collaboration between the DGCIN,
Governmental and non-governmental organizations from the national institutions and local partners. Our embassies
different disciplines and areas participate in this network. and consulates are in charge of carrying out the first evalua-
Among them, it is worth mentioning the Argentine Na- tion of applications, providing support to Argentine experts
tional Institute for Agricultural Technology (INTA), the in complying with the different missions, and finally, ensuring
National Institute of Industrial Technology (INTI), the Na- transfers and stays of those officials who travel from Argen-
tional Institute for Fisheries Research and Development tina to participate in training activities.
(INIDEP), the National Institute of Statistics and Census
(INDEC), the National Service of Agri-Food Health and
Quality (SENASA) and the Argentine Forensic Anthropol-
ogy Team (EAAF), among others. Various public ministries,
secretariats, national universities and provincial institutions
also participate.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 15

INTA: PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL INTI: COOPERATION FOR


INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND
PRODUCTIVE INNOVATION

MAIN AREAS
Food • Rural development • Biotechnology • Bioenergy
• Agriculture machines • Vegetable production • Animal MAIN AREAS
production • Family agriculture • Environment
• Construction, materials and processes • Electronics
PARTNER COUNTRIES: and metrology • Chemistry • Natural Resources •
Biotechnology • Nanotechnology • Food • Technology
Armenia • Barbados • Bolivia • Botswana • Brazil
transfer • Design
• Costa Rica • Dominica • Ecuador • El Salvador •
Ethiopia • Philippines • Grenada • Honduras • India •
Jamaica • Kenya •Mexico • Mongolia • Mozambique •
PARTNER COUNTRIES:
Nigeria • Paraguay • Peru •Rwanda •Saint Lucia •Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines • Senegal • South Africa Angola • Barbados • Bolivia • Ecuador • Chile • Cuba
•Thailand •Tunisia • Uruguay •Vietnam • El Salvador • Mexico • Mozambique • Paraguay •
Peru • Uruguay

The National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA) The National Institute of Industrial Technology (INTI) is
is the institution responsible for creating and transferring the body responsible for contributing to the develop-
knowledge of innovation in the agricultural, agri-food and ment of the productive structure, the industrialization
agro-industrial sectors to comprehensively contribute to the of the rural sector and the federalization of industry and
competitiveness of the agro-industrial chain, environmental the promotion of innovation. It is the State technological
health and sustainability of productive systems, social equity branch, and promotes the creation and transfer of tech-
and territorial development. The Institute intervenes in va- nological innovation to industries. It certifies standards,
lue chains, regions and territories through instruments such products and technical specifications, and ensures that
as national research programs, networks, and regional pro- the quality of processes, goods and services produced in
jects with a territorial approach, engaging the diversity of the country meet global requirements and trends. The
the participating actors, their interests, needs, networks and INTI promotes the productive capacities in the following
spaces. Moreover, the INTA embodies the capacity to pro- areas: natural resources, environment, food, construc-
mote inter-institution cooperation, create knowledge and tion, metrology, quality, extension, chemistry, materials
technologies, and to make them available for the sector. At and processes, and electronics. It comprises forty four
regional and national level, it interacts with public and priva- (44) centers specialized in different industrial and region-
te organizations. Also, it works in an extensive geographical al sectors, according to our productive structure and it
area through fifteen regional centers, six research centers, is present nationwide.
fifty experimental stations, twenty-two institutes and 360
extension units and one INTA location abroad (LABINTEX)
in Montpelier, France.
16 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

INCUCAI: : ENCOURAGING ORGAN INIDEP: EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN


DONATION AND TRANSPLANTATION IN FISHING AND CONSERVATION OF THE
THE REGION MARINE ECOSYSTEM

MAIN AREAS:
• Donation and transplantation of organs, tissue and
cells • Reports and statistics • Training professionals •
MAIN AREA:
Technical material and resources
• Scientific research • Elaboration of official technical re-
ports •Development of aquaculture technologies and fis-
PARTNER COUNTRIES: hing • Species catalogue •Dissemination
Bolivia • Costa Rica • Paraguay • Peru
PARTNER COUNTRIES: :
The Unique Central National Institute Coordinator of
Ablation and Implant (INCUCAI) is the body that pro- Barbados • Nicaragua • Panama • Peru
motes, regulates, coordinates and audits activities re-
lated to the donation, procurement and transplantation The National Institute for Fisheries Research and De-
of organs, tissue and cells in our country. It operates velopment (INIDEP) advises the National Undersecre-
in all provinces in Argentina alongside twenty-four lo- tariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture (SSPyA), the Federal
cal organizations for excision and implantation with the Fisheries Council (CFP) and the Argentine Ministry of
aim of providing the population with transparent and Foreign Affairs on the use of fishing resources with the
equal access to transplantation procedures. Its mission aim of preserving the marine ecosystem for future gen-
is to ensure transparency, equity and quality in all those erations. Its mission is to formulate, execute and control
activities. Its vision is focused on an integrated system research projects on exploration, evaluation and devel-
within the healthcare structure that is able to provide opment of fisheries, aquaculture technologies, fishing
responses to multiple demands for transplants, based arts, technological processes and fishing economy.
on the trust and positive attitudes of the community
towards donation. The INCUCAI has a strong participa-
tion in the regional promotion strategy of organ, tissue
and cell donation and transplantation throughout differ-
ent regional and global integration spheres, as well as
through bilateral cooperation agreements.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 17

ARGENTINE COOPERATION
AROUND THE WORLD:
OUR PARTNERS

In the recent years, in addition to continuing the historic


trend of our South-South Cooperation and Triangular
Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean, the
DGCIN has designed a strategic plan to deploy technical
cooperation actions to Asia and Africa, in alignment with
foreign policy guidelines. This new scope of action implies
innovative modalities, which will favor regional projects
and triangular partnerships (with countries or internation-
al organizations) with the aim of consolidating the pres-
ence and multiplying the impact and scope of Argentine
Cooperation
In this framework, in every bilateral program, the re-
spect for the particularities, needs and interests of each
country in the projects was ensured. In this way, our co-
operation programs are the result of the development
strategy synergies of all the parties involved.
18 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

THE CONTRIBUTION OF
ARGENTINE COOPERATION TO
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

After the deadline set for the attainment of the Millen-


nium Development Goals (MDGs), the 193 UN Member
States agreed on seventeen new Sustainable Develop-
ment Goals (SDGs) as road map to eradicate poverty, to work in a collaborative, coherent and complementary
reduce inequalities and protect the environment from a way in order to effectively respond to the priority needs
comprehensive perspective that considers rights, gender of countries and, above all, to their population.
and sustainability of development. The SDGs are the re- In the 2030 Agenda, the cooperation carried out
sult of an extensive deliberative process that included the among countries from the South is mentioned in twice,
participation and input from the States, civil society, the and both times under SDG 17, titled “Strengthen the
private sector and academia. Unlike the MDGs, the SDGs means of implementation and revitalize the global part-
are universal and multidimensional and contemplate the nership for sustainable development.” Among other
existence of multiple stakeholders of development, and things, this Alliance implies commitment from our coun-
recognizes the need for means of implementation and tries to promote greater and better South-South and
necessary resources for their attainment. Triangular Cooperation in science, technology and in-
The goals and targets that constitute the 2030 Agen- novation, the exchange of knowledge and the develop-
da bring together the three dimensions of development: ment of capacities. This mandate proves that, by engaging
economic, social and environmental. In addition to of- partners facing similar challenges, and by promoting the
fering cross-cutting narrative of sustainability, inclusion development of capacities taking into account the local
and equality, this Agenda enshrines essential principles particularities, the South-South Cooperation represents
and values that must guide the actions taken to achieve a differential value in the contribution to successful na-
the SDGs. tional frameworks set in line with the SDGs.
The main axis of these principles is centered on peo- Based on these advances, Argentina suggests re-
ple, on “not leaving anyone behind”, the responsibilities in thinking the role of countries from the South as true
common but differentiated between developed and de- partners for development. In other words, since the mo-
veloping countries, the interdependence and indivisibility ment we share contexts and similar historic paths, our
of the goals and the universality of the commitments. countries may try contextualized, cost-effective strate-
This last principle assumes the inclusion of all countries, gies, and organize long-term capacities. The new scenario
regardless of their relative developmental levels without offers key incentives to fight and internationalize those
prescribing a “single model,” but taking into account the public policies already being implemented by national
different realities, available resources and capacities of and sub-national institutions to comply with the 2030
each State, as well as their national policies and priorities Agenda. Our country is already working at all levels of
for development. government, in key areas for the attainment of SDGs,
In order to attain the SDGs, it is necessary to strength- like food security and sustainable agriculture, universal
en all cooperation modalities and increase their impact access to health, strengthening SMEs competitiveness,
and scope. Each modality has a specific role, however, consumption, responsible production and access to jus-
the different parts must design the adequate adjustments tice, among others.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION 19

16 64 19 11 8 4 6 31 20
PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS

12 23 48 18 5 24 48 210
PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS PROJECTS
ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH

LATIN
AMERICA
With the premise of supporting the national
development of our closest partners, strengthen
bilateral relations and promote regional integration,
Argentine Cooperation with Latin America is at the
core of FO.AR initiatives
MEXICO
CUBA
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
GUATEMALA HONDURAS

COSTA RICA

COLOMBIA

ECUADOR

BRAZIL
PERU

BOLIVIA
PARAGUAY

CHILE URUGUAY

ARGENTINA

TOTAL OF PROJECTS NUMBER OF EXPERTS DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH


TRANSFERRED KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
MODALITY

BILATERAL

TRIANGULAR

DECENTRALIZED

REGIONAL ARGENTINEAN LATIN-AMERICAN


SEMINARS
22 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

BOLIVIA

The 16 projects that make up the


bilateral cooperation program TOTAL OF PROJECTS
with Bolivia focus on various
MODALITY
strategic axes for both countries:
BILATERAL
Agribusiness, Technological and
Productive Innovation, Health TRIANGULAR

and Human Rights. Also, three


triangular initiatives are being DECENTRALIZED

carried out with the Spanish


Agency for International
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
Development Cooperation TRANSFERRED
and the German Agency for
International Cooperation.

ARGENTINEAN BOLIVIAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 23

STRATEGIES TO CONTROL THE SOUTH


AMERICAN MIGRATORY LOCUST

In South America, the migratory locust is distributed in


an extensive area of around 4 million km², including the
North of Argentina, the South of Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay
and the North of Chile, being this the area with the maxi-
mum invasion rate registered. These insects have migra-
tory habits and great dispersion capacity (up to 150 km/
day), great voracity, and represent a huge menace for all
agriculture activity in the region.
On February, 10th, 2017, the Department of Santa
Cruz de la Sierra declared the phytosanitary emergency
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
due to the invasion of this plague and was forced to fu-
migate more than 1,000 hectares of maize, sorghum, soy- KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 41
bean, bean and cotton. In this context, Argentine Coop-
eration provided technical assistance to local producers
and authorities on how to combat this plague through
the exchange of experiences and visits to the countryside,
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 16
adjusting the contingency plan to the characteristics of the 12 ARGENTINEAN 4 BOLIVIAN
affected area to have a more effective and timely control.
Technicians from the National Service of Agri-Food
Health and Quality (SENASA) and INTA participated in
the project and transmitted to governmental officials,
local producers, and even President Evo Morales, the
Argentine experiences related to this plague, the moni-
toring work done in affected areas and all the available The good partnership and joint work of this
information in Argentina related to the management and project fostered the launch of the “Regional
control of locust
It is worth mentioning that the above mentioned lo- Work Plan for the Management of the
cust invasion also affected Paraguay and Argentina, it cov- South American Lobster”, which is now
ered an estimated area of 900,000 km² to the South East
of Bolivia, the West of Paraguay and the Center North
applied in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay
provinces of Argentina, and registered a greater preva-
lence in the Argentine provinces of Cordoba, Catamarca,
La Rioja y Santiago del Estero.
As a consequence of the implementation of this proj-
ect and with the aim of addressing the plague in a sus-
tainable and collaborative manner, Argentina, Bolivia and
Paraguay, pulling together, signed the Regional Working
Plan for Locust Management.
24 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND


UTILIZATION OF AGRICULTURE WASTE
FROM THE SUGAR CANE HARVEST

This initiative of triangular cooperation, implemented


jointly by the Bolivian Ministry of Development Planning The project nourished from the
and the Spanish Agency for International Development
participatory planning carried out with
Cooperation (AECID) aims at reducing the burning of
sugar cane in the community of Bermejo in order to avoid the main actors involved in the harvest
environmental pollution and, at the same time, promote of sugarcane, and seeks to contribute to
the utilization of agriculture waste from harvest for re-
lated economic activities. the sustainable development of Bermejo
On the one hand, the technical cooperation, imple-
mented through INTA professionals and the Government
of Salta, seeks to articulate a utilization plan for agriculture
waste that, through the learning of new technologies by the
producers and the environmental awareness in the commu-
nity of Bermejo, contributes to a decrease in atmospheric
pollution due to sugar cane burning in the border region.
On the other hand, the benefits stemming from the use of
sugar cane waste consist in the craft elaboration of charcoal
and unrefined whole cane sugar (chancaca) briquettes, the
production of balanced livestock feed and soil improvement
through the incorporation of stubble to the land.
An adequate management of resources and a better
utilization at the production, social and cultural levels by
the people of the area, sugar cane producers, the sugar
cane mill, students and grassroots territorial associations
will contribute to the fulfillment of the issues and goals in
2030 Agenda.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 32

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 26
24 ARGENTINEAN 1 SPANISH 1 BOLIVIAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 25

STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES OF
THE WINE SECTOR FOR SUSTAINABLE
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
MANAGEMENT OF WATER AND KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 87
ENERGY

As a consequence of global warming, the department of TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 112


Tarija, Bolivia, is exposed to diverse changes in temperature
and severe desertification processes. In this framework, the 31 ARGENTINEAN 81 BOLIVIAN
project aims at supporting small producers and wineries of
Tarija and its suburban areas by strengthening the sustainable
management of water for productive uses.
Through a multiactor partnership, which
This initiative is implemented along with the Ministry of
Development Planning from Bolivia, the German Agency for involves the Mendoza Province, the Santa
International Cooperation, the wine growing company San- Rita Estates winery and the German Agency
ta Rita Estates and the Federal Irrigation Department from
Mendoza. The latter actor has vast experience in the area. for International Cooperation, Argentina
Therefore, it has been in charge of providing input on the supports small producers and wineries
participatory model for water management applied in the
province so it can be adjusted by the Autonomous Govern- in Tarija by strengthening sustainable
ment of Tarija to their local reality, and allow them to esta- water management for productive uses
blish technical criteria for the continuous collection of data
on the water flows in distribution networks.
It is expected that the implementation of this project will
contribute to addressing the water issue through three key The project will address the water and energy issues, di-
pillars: the institutional development for water management, rectly related to SDG 6 (Ensure access to water and sanita-
the elaboration of technical guidelines focused on the correct tion for all) and SDG 7 (Ensure access to affordable, reliable,
use of resources and the equal distribution of them, taking sustainable and modern energy for all).
into account the technical variables that respect and have the
consent of small, medium and large producers.
26 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

BRAZIL

The shared South-South agenda


with Brazil distinguishes for its TOTAL OF PROJECTS 7
versatile dynamic and broad
MODALITY
thematic scope. Currently, our
country collaborates with the 6 BILATERAL

implementation of “Criança
Feliz” (Happy Child) programme 1 DECENTRALIZED

and receives the support of the


Curitiba Town Hall for Urban
Solid Waste Management.
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 46

23
ARGENTINEAN
23
BRAZILIAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 95
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 27

STRENGTHENING ACTIONS FOR


THE PROMOTION OF EARLY INFANT
DEVELOPMENT

Argentina and Brazil have advanced in recent years in the for the management of this type of public policy. It worth
creation of public policies for women, mothers and chil- mentioning that the programs developed in both countries
dren. Since 2016, our country has been implementing a work on the basis of visits to the families’ homes, which is
program called Primeros Años (First Years) that aims at an enriching opportunity for the exchange of experiences
improving the conditions of childhood development (0-4 and challenges found by the programs’ coordinators. In
years old) in the most vulnerable sectors of society. this regard, the project promotes the creation of multi-
The Argentine republic has vast experience in early disciplinary work groups, the design and elaboration of
childhood, being the program Primeros Años one of its successful methodologies and techniques of intervention
main pillars. The program was created in 2006 with the in families with children of 0-4 years old (Argentina) and
aim of implementing a coordinated public policy that is fo- of 0-6 years old (Brazil) in vulnerable situations.
cused on fostering the development of children, based on The initiative, which aims to support the work of 130
the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In this frame- Argentine technicians, at national and provincial levels,
work, the National Ministry of Health and Social Develop- thirty five technicians from the federal government of
ment; Education, Science and Technology; Production and Brazil, 2,500 municipal supervisors and 10,600 munici-
Employment; Justice and Human Rights; Interior, Public pal visitors from Brazil, will benefit 140,000 families with
Works and Housing, by signing an agreement, pledging to children of 0-4 years old who live in poverty in Argentina
allocate financial and institutional resources to deploy such and 3 million children whose families are beneficiaries of
policy. The program is implemented in provinces and mu- the program Bolsa Familia (0-3 years old), 640,000 preg-
nicipalities with high and extreme poverty rates, in which nant women from Bolsa Familia do PBF, 75,000 children
families with children of 0-4 years old live. whose families are beneficiaries of the continued pay-
In October 2016, the Federative Republic of Brazil ment benefits and 8,600 children from families in shelter
launched the program Criança Feliz (Happy Children), services in Brazil.
designed to strengthen the enforcement of the legal
framework on early childhood and in that way promote
the full development of children by strengthening the
abilities of their families and in turn such families develop
these abilities with their children. The goal of the initia-
tive is to break the poverty cycle, reduce violence, and
reduce school absenteeism and other social benefits.
With the focus mainly on families who benefit from the
program Bolsa Familia. The program offers tools for the
promotion of cognitive, emotional and psychological de- DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
velopment, and is carried out with the collaboration of KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 29
all levels of government.
In this regard, the current project is focused on de-
veloping instances of technical exchange on these poli-
cies of early childhood development in pursuit of creating TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 12
new knowledge on the interventions in vulnerable families 6 ARGENTINEAN 6 BRAZILIAN
with young children. This implies an articulated work of
exchange and joint production on diverse relevant aspects
28 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

MANAGEMENT OF SOLID URBAN


WASTE

This decentralized cooperation initiative emerged from


an exchange between the City of Buenos Aires (CABA);
the Municipality of Vicente Lopez; the Municipality of
Rafaela, the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina, and the Mu-
nicipality of Curitiba, Brazil. It sought to take advantage
of the work that both local governments have been car-
rying out in the pursuit of improving the comprehensive
management of Solid Urban Waste (SUW) in a way that
As of today, five technical exchanges have taken place, strengthens the separation and management of poten-
three of which were carried out in Brazil and two in Ar- tial recyclable waste and reduces the disposal of organic
gentina. Some outstanding outcomes include the Interna- fraction and aggregate waste.
tional Seminar on Addressing Early Childhood, coopera- The city of Curitiba became a role model to be fol-
tion actions in the Municipality of Manaus and Paraiba, in lowed due to the significant management in this area,
Brazil, and neighborhoods in the provinces of Chaco, Rio and it was declared the first “Waste-Free City” of Latin
Negro and Greater Buenos Aires, in Argentina, with the America. For its part, Argentina has improved the man-
aim of analyzing and strengthening intervention modalities agement of its solid waste. Among other lines of action,
in households with children. Moreover, numerous techni- it launched the Federal Plan for Zero Waste, with the
cal meetings were held for work teams at different levels, aim that by 2025 all municipalities in the country have an
at national, provincial and state levels, that evaluate training adequate final disposal. At the same time, the National
methodologies and intervention techniques in force. Tak- Plan of Circular Economy and Waste is currently being
ing all these activities into account, 75% of the project has deployed. In the framework of these plans and the Na-
already been executed and it will end in April 2019.

IMPLEMENTING INSTITUTIONS
The initiative strengthened bilateral
relations, promoted knowledge-sharing and
consolidated strategic priorities of both
countries in the field of Early Childhood BRAZIL

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 9
5 ARGENTINEAN 4 BRAZILIAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 29

tional Plan of Organic Waste Recovery, the Argentine


municipalities of Rafaela, Vicente Lopez and CABA are
adjusting their current programs to these plans of action.
Through these exchanges, there is an attempt to re-
duce the organic fraction of SUW disposed in landfill
sites in Vicente Lopez and Rafaela and elaborate and
implement a plan for the reduction of organic fraction
and aggregate waste for Curitiba. In this regard, it is ex-
pected that the comprehensive management system im-
proves in the stages of SUW generation and separation,
improve separation at source and strengthen monitoring
and capacities, in the area, of local governments, urban
recuperation and the third sector working on this issue.
As of today, two missions took place in each country
and there are two planned by June 2019. Among the
achieved outcomes, it is worth mentioning the training
to officials and environmental promoters from the Ar- The purpose of this project is to
gentine municipalities, the elaboration of a composting improve the capacities of Argentine
plan for the Municipality of Curitiba, the re-structuring of
the monitoring system for solid waste in the Municipality and Brazilian municipalities in the
of Vicente Lopez and the gradual implementation of 20 management of urban solid waste
“ecopoints” (the voluntary provision of waste) in Curi-
tiba, based on an experience carried out in Argentina.
30 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

CHILE
TOTAL OF PROJECTS 17
With a portfolio of 17 projects MODALITY
17
in areas of Security, Justice and
Human Rights, Education, Culture
9 BILATERAL

and Environment, the bilateral


9
cooperation programme with Chile 8 DECENTRALIZED

features a prominent city-to-city


component that favors ownership
8
84
and location of knowledge shared NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED

84

49
ARGENTINEAN
35
CHILEAN

49
ARGENTINOS
35
CHILENOS

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
134
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
134
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 31

Fifty professionals from the National Ministry of Justice


GOOD PRACTICES IN CRIMINAL and Human Rights participated in these training days, as
INVESTIGATIONS well as federal and provincial prosecutors and members
of security forces from the provinces of Buenos Aires and
With the aim of encouraging the implementation of pro- Cordoba, and the city of Rosario. Once the exchange is
grams, the development of protocols of action and the use completed, it will allow for the collection of substantial in-
of technology to improve the provision of judicial services, put for the elaboration of bill to create a federal judicial
the Argentine Undersecretariat of Criminal Policy launched investigation agency in Argentina.
a bilateral cooperation initiative along with the Investigations
Police of Chile (PDI) to facilitate the exchange of knowledge
in their corresponding areas. The project seeks to increase mutual
Through this cooperation project, the institutions in
charge of the structure and resources devoted to the inves- collaboration, exchange of good
tigation of complex crimes in both countries are currently practices and the development
working to exchange knowledge and good practices in the
investigation of crimes and offenses, while developing a
of tools for carrying out criminal
manual of action, protocols and rules applicable to the PDI. investigations in Argentina and Chile
As of today, three out of four expected stages for these
exchanges have been completed, two to Chile and one to
Argentina, with a total of seven experts transferred. In addi-
tion to getting to know the organizational, operational and
administrative work at PDI and the National Agency against
Narcotics and Organized Crime and the Program MT-0
(JENANCO), which have developed tools that will have an DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
impact in the elaboration of judicial policies and other proj- KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 15
ects in Argentina, a remarkable activity was the realization
of three training days on better practices of investigation in
drug trafficking and organized crime, held by the technicians
from PDI. TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 7
4 ARGENTINEAN 3 CHILEAN
32 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

MONVOISIN IN AMERICA: BINATIONAL


STUDIOS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS
OF PAINTINGS
Among the active foreign artists in Twentieth-Century
South America, one outstanding figure is Raymond Quinsac
Monvoisin who, through his painting, had a special influence
in Southern Cone fine arts. Monvoisin had an artistic pro-
duction in five countries of the South American continent:
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Peru, and in France.
His work was marked by an artistic practice in the studio,
with apprentices, assistants and followers such as French
Clara Filleul, an artist active in Chile, Benjamin Franklin Raw-
son, Gregorio Torres and Procesa Sarmiento de Lenoir Biobio, Chile, and in Buenos Aires and San Juan, Argentina.
from the Cuyo region, the Chileans Jose Luis Borgoño and The studies will enable the creation of a cartography of the
Francisco Mandiola, and the Peruvian Ignacio Merino. In this artist’s work, of his career and influence in the arts of both
way, Monvoisin brought together a network of researchers countries. As of today, the experts have examined more
and institutions in Chile and Argentina for the study, analy- than fifty pieces of art and have made advances in compara-
sis, restoration and cataloging of his work. tive research. This has allowed them to discuss on the con-
At the beginning of 2017, the Directorate of Archives, servation-restoration methods and exchange experiences
Libraries and Museums (DIBAM) through the National with non-destructive analysis of X-ray records, reflectogra-
Center of Conservation and Restoration (CNCR), signed phy, IR, FTIR, Raman and microscopy of the samples. At the
an agreement with the National University of San Mar- same time, the parties made progress on the characteriza-
tin (UNSAM), through the Research Institute on Cultural tion of materials, techniques and evidence, they added new
Heritage (IIPC) in which they agreed to work together in input on bibliographical sources and testimonies to expand
scientific, technological, educational and cultural coopera- the database that is being developed and agreed on a pro-
tion, in relation to the documentation, conservation, train- tocol of exchange and recording of the information.
ing and dissemination of cultural heritage, and to participate In this way, the project contributes to the cultural inte-
in collaborative initiatives that encourage the advance and gration of the region, a greater interaction between muse-
application of theoretical and practical knowledge of profes- ums and cultural institutions, along with the creation of a
sionals working in both institutions. network of researchers that allows the exchange of knowl-
Through this initiative, technical-material studies were edge and consolidating the mechanisms for scientific dis-
carried out on the work of Monvoisin, pieces that belong semination and information to the general public.
to public and private collections in the region of Maule and

The realization of binational workshops seeks


DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH to promote cultural integration between
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 16 institutions dedicated to the study and
restoration of historical heritage, enhancing
knowledge transfer and the dissemination
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 7
of the work of Latin American artists.
3 ARGENTINEAN 4 CHILEAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 33

COLOMBIA

Since 1993, the partnership


between Argentina and Colombia TOTAL OF PROJECTS 13
has consolidated thanks to the
MODALITY
implementation of seven bilateral
cooperation programs. The 2016- 11 BILATERAL

2018 Programme encompassed


a new portfolio of projects with
2
DECENTRALIZED

focus on supporting the peace


PUBLIC-PRIVATE
process, eradicating poverty and
ensure access to justice.
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 168

108
ARGENTINEAN
60
COLOMBIAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 398
34 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

EXCHANGE OF ALTERNATIVE METHODS


FOR THE RESOLUTION OF CONFLICTS AS
PUBLIC POLICY TO ACCESS TO JUSTICE

The project “Exchange of Alternative Methods for the


Resolution of Conflicts (MASC) as Public Policy to Access
Justice,” approved in August 2016, has as two goals contrib-
uting to national public policies of expansion and strength-
ening of MASC and strengthening the capacities of alterna-
tive methods of resolution of conflicts of the participating
institutions. DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
The project was technically coordinated by FO.AR
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 35
and national entities, and its counterpart in Colombia, the
Presidential Agency for Cooperation (APC-Colombia), and
managed by the National Directorate of Drugs and Partici-
patory Methods of Conflict Resolution (DNMYMPRC) the TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 14
National Directorate of Promotion and Strengthening of
Access to Justice (DNP y FPAJ), representing Argentina, and 8 ARGENTINEAN 6 COLOMBIAN
the Directorate of Alternative Methods for the Resolution
of Conflicts (DMASC), representing Colombia. In the proj-
ect design, the general goal was to “Strengthen the pres-
ence of the State to guarantee the access of all citizens in
vulnerable situations to basic judicial services, promote pro- In the coming years, one of the main
cesses for the creation of peaceful coexistence and provide
services in a free and efficient manner.” challenges for Colombia will be to
The aim of the exchange is that both countries know, in strengthen public institutions within
detail, the implementation of MASC and public policies that
ensure access to justice and that are deployed by each of
the post-conflict framework. It is
them in order to analyze, compare and suggest public poli- expected that the MASC will play
cies on the matter and reaffirm their advantages. To achieve
this goal, a series of joint activities were carried out and the
a transforming role throughout the
results were included in a joint document. country, guaranteeing access to justice
This experience is linked from conceptual and program- and promoting peaceful coexistence
ming aspects to SDG 16, titled “Promote peaceful and in-
clusive societies for sustainable development, provide ac-
cess to justice for all and build effective, accountable and
inclusive institutions at all levels” and has already completed
four stages and has helped share regulatory frameworks,
coordination dynamics, successful experiences and good
practices in our Ministry of Justice and Human Rights and
the Ministry of Justice and Rights from Colombia.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 35

PREVENTING THE RECRUITMENT OF


BOYS, GIRLS AND YOUNG PEOPLE AND
ADOLESCENTS IN THE MUNICIPALITIES
OF POPAYAN, ALGECIRAS AND PUERTO
ASIS

In December 2016, the project “Preventing the Recruit-


ment of Boys, Girls Youth, and Adolescents from the
Municipality of Popayan, Algeciras and Puerto Asis”, was
launched. The counterparts for this initiative were the
Agency for Reincorporation and Standardization (ARN),
from Colombia, and the National Commission of Popular
Libraries (CONABIP), the Municipality of Vicente Lopez
and the foundation Fundación Los Grobo, from Argen-
tina. This is a multi-stakeholder project that allowed for
the creation of work synergies between the institutions
of the two countries, and that developed alliances at na- Cordoba and Santa Fe, which allowed all actors to get to
tional, local and territorial level, along with an innovative know the different practices and social contexts for the
public-private collaboration. The project goal consisted in work. At the same time, an exchange of experiences was
strengthening the utilization of three Colombian commu- held with the Neighborhood Centers for Young People in
nity libraries as spaces for reestablishing the social fabric in Vicente Lopez and experiences were also shared with the
two rural and one urban municipalities in conflict zones. different popular libraries of the CONABIP.
In the framework of the project, there were six on-site The second mission of the project, financed by Fun-
exchanges between the countries. The first, in December dación Los Grobo aimed at carrying out a participatory
2016, included the participation of women community diagnosis with the communities involved from the three
leaders from Colombia, who learned about the Argentine Colombian municipalities, which allowed the provision of
experience regarding popular libraries and diverse initia- high quality supplies for future interventions by the par-
tives for youth integration. These encounters involved the ticipating organizations, such as stakeholder mapping and
exchange of experiences with representatives from librar- identification of community leadership, among other is-
ies in CABA and the provinces of Buenos Aires, Tucuman, sues identified by each community.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH Argentine institutions strengthened


KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 74 Colombian community libraries in highly
vulnerable areas for forced recruitment,
creating, as a result, protective environments
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 35
for children, adolescents and young people
25 ARGENTINEAN 10 COLOMBIAN
36 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

SEARCH, LOCALIZATION AND


IDENTIFICATION OF DISAPPEARED
PEOPLE

In November 2016, the project “Search, Localization and


Identification of Disappeared People” was launched. The
participating bodies were the National Bank for Genetic
Data under the Secretariat of Science, Technology and Pro-
ductive Innovation, from Argentina, and, from Colombia,
the Ministry of Domestic Affairs in partnership with the
Bank of Genetic Profiles of Disappeared People, constituted
by the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sci-
In the subsequent stages, workshops for the promo- ences, the National Police and the Attorney General.
tion of reading and rights, such as the right to identity or During the first stage of the project, developed between
to play, were held, and aspects related to biblio-technol- 2012 and 2013, the goal was to understand the process of
ogy and space management (cataloging, lending, and reg- creation and implementation of the National Bank for Ge-
istering) were also addressed, as well as the elaboration netic Data from Argentina, the relation with civil society,
of projects. Simultaneously, a donation of 900 books on with organizations led by the families of the disappeared
Argentine literature was given to the three Colombian in- and other organizations in Argentina that directly con-
stitutions. The success of the joint work of the different tribute to the process of identification of the disappeared,
actors allowed continuity through triangular partnership through genetic tests.
and the incorporation of new partners in the exchange, The second phase of the project, in 2014-2015, con-
which allow further work along the same lines and to cre- tinued the technical exchange between countries, address-
ate community development in terms of community li- ing the importance of purging the database of disappeared
braries as protection spaces. people, because the adequate process to compare the
samples, in cases of massive identification, requires the es-
tablishment of a number of Colombian disappeared people.
This process is in progress due to the complexity of the
violence suffered in Colombia and the length of this conflict.
In addition, work was done on the importance of calling
the families of the disappeared and victims with the aim of
massive collection of reference samples and, especially, of
how they have been widely welcomed by the media and
the society in Argentina, a model that must be considered
as an alternative for Colombia in order to access to such
material, and a contribution to the identification process.
This process is emerging in Colombia.
The third phase of project involved five on-site missions
between the countries. The first, developed in Bogota in
November 2016, consisted of the visit of Argentine experts
to work on the analysis of mitochondrial DNA with the aim
of identifying the human remains in the National Bank for
Genetic Data from Colombia (BNDG). Argentina was able
to learn the process of technical certification in the form of
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 37

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
31
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE

This initiative generated knowledge TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 20


networks focused on management 13 ARGENTINEAN 7 COLOMBIAN
of forensic laboratories, collection
and processing of biological samples
from recovered bodies, and search (mDNA) from the resolution of complex cases, selected by
and memory processes Colombian laboratories and the BNDG, through the use
of the following protocols: reagents used, primers, analyzed
regions; program of sequence reading and comparison; as-
sumed criteria in the mDNA analysis in forensic samples;
classification criteria used in expert reports; haplotypes and
haplogroups analysis; criteria for data entry and comparison
of data based used; formulae used in statistical estimates
rules for banks of genetic data implemented in laboratories and validation of a collection of mDNA sequence according
for forensic genetic identification that constituted the Bank to ISO/IEC17025 Standard.
of Colombia. The second mission took place on August The project is expected to continue through a triangular
2017 with the visit of Colombian experts to Argentina in partnership that would strengthen the technical capacities
order to deepen the understanding in the analysis of mi- of the Colombian Bank of Genetic Profiles of Disappeared
tochondrial DNA and analyze the intervention burials and People (Medicine, Legal, Attorney and Police) and the Ge-
cemeteries, and strategies to support the victims’ families. netic Data of Argentina, by generating knowledge networks
The fourth stage of the project, carried out in April focused on components of quality management for forensic
2018 in Bogota, consisted of a technical visit to the National laboratories, in conformity with each national development;
Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences to address the collection and processing of biological samples of bodies
issues on quality management system, through a process recovered and family references, and finally, the search and
of implementation, proceedings, records, quality manual remembrance processes in each country, in support of the
and organization of the institution. The BNDG is starting a work done by groups of families of the victims involved in
process of quality management in the laboratory. The fifth the conflict.
and last stage took place in the City of Buenos Aires, in July
2018, with the participation of Colombian experts. The aim
was to exchange on studies about the mitochondrial DNA
38 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

COSTA RICA

STRENGTHENING THE PROCESS OF


NUMBER OF EXPERTS
29
ORGANS, TISSUE AND CELLS DONATION
AND TRANSPLANTATION
TRANSFERRED
The project focused on strengthening the governance
of the Ministry of Health of Costa Rica (MSCR) and the
management of the Costa Rican Social Insurance Fund
(CCSS), with emphasis on the management, procurement
and maintenance model of donors, regulations, technology,
evaluation, development of officials’ capacities, register sys-

7 22
tem and information on donation and transplantation of
organs, tissues and cells. It was part of the 2nd bilateral pro-
gram between both countries, executed in 2014 and 2015,
ARGENTINEAN COSTA RICAN between the CCSS and the Argentine INCUCAI.
Over the course of the project, some of the actions tak-
en included the identification of strategic lines in the Ministry
of Health, the care process in Donation and Transplantation
at CCSS, and the training of both competent institutions in
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH the area. In addition, sessions were organized to train Costa
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 75 Rican officials in charge of the process of procurement and
identification of potential cadaveric donors. Lastly, the regu-
lations of the new Costa Rica Donation and Transplantation
Law draft, Act 9222, was revised by the Legal Departments
of the INCUCAI and the MSCR.
It is worth mentioning that, currently, both institutions
are developing the project “Strengthening, implementation,
and management model ‘Donation and Transplantation In-
stitutional Network’,” that is part of the third bilateral pro-
gram between both countries and that represents a further
step towards the work being done in both institutions.

The Argentina´s National Institute for the


Coordination of Ablation and Implantation
(INCUCAI) strengthened organ and tissue
donation and transplantation in Costa
Rica through the exchange of successful
experiences, training and education, and
the elaboration of technical documents
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 39

CONSOLIDATION OF APICULTURE
AS A TOOL FOR DEVELOPMENT

This initiative is part of the III Bilateral Program Argenti-


na-Costa Rica, currently developed by INTA in Argentina
and the National Service of Animal Health (SENASA) of
Costa Rica.
The aim of the project is to design and implement a
management model for the development of a value chain
based on associative models, with quality management,
an adequate link to markets and within the framework of
national long-term strategy. In this way, it proposes the
creation of capacities for organizational innovation —of
process and product—, aligned with a participatory territo-
rial and national strategy. In this framework the parties are
working on training territorial technicians and supporting
organizations with the tools provided by the Platform of the
Latin American and Caribbean Network of Environmental
Funds (REDLAC).
As part of this joint action, first, an assessment was car-
ried out on the state of affairs of apiculture in Costa Rica.
Moreover, in the framework of the first project mission,
a training tour with Costa Rican technicians specialized in
production and associative models took place.
Second, with the aim of setting up a biosecurity labora-
tory and implementing the resistance bioassay of the var-
roa mite, a standard protocol to determine mite resistance
was distributed; at the same time, a data collection tem-
plate and a survey on resistance rates were also provided;
beekeepers were also trained on the type of samples they
must send, and lastly, a stock solution and its concentrations
were elaborated. Moreover, advances were made in training
territorial technicians about the development of innovative
experiences and the organization in providing certified liv-
ing material. Team work allowed Costa Rican members to
make progress on the technology needed for the introduc- 6
tion of inseminated queen bees in nucleus colonies.
2
40 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

CUBA

7
DEVELOPMENT OF PARTICLE BOARDS
TOTAL OF PROJECTS PRODUCED FROM SUGAR CANE BAGASSE
AND SOY PROTEIN

MODALITY With the participation of the INTI and the Cuban Institute

6
of Sugar Cane Products (ICIDCA), the project aimed at
BILATERAL promoting the re-utilization of agriculture waste —specifi-
cally, sugar cane bagasse— to partially replace sawdust and
of soy protein concentration for the manufacture of sus-
tainable glue, used in the production of particle boards.

1
The pursuit of waste re-utilization in the sugar cane in-
TRIANGULAR dustry is to make a positive impact on the environment and,
thus, significantly decrease the amount of industrial waste.
The production of particle boards with natural raw material
enables the manufacturing of zero- formaldehyde emission
products and substitutes the use of oil and gas products.
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
25
This bilateral cooperation project built a close collabo-
ration between ICIDCA and the INTI Center for Rubber,
TRANSFERRED and allowed a dynamic and constant exchange in differ-
ent areas. It also increased the added value of the harvest,
through its industrialization and composed material from
sawdust and sugar cane bagasse.
The achievements are aligned with the plan Argentina
Innovadora 2020 (2020 Argentina Innovation Plan), in the
area of transformation of natural resources in industrial
products with high added value and through the incorpora-

15 10
tion of nanotechnology. The project had a positive impact
on the Advanced Nano-Components Group in the INTI

ARGENTINEAN CUBAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 61
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 41

Center for Rubber. During the bilateral cooperation, key SUPPORT FOR THE COMPREHENSIVE
knowledge was obtained for the installation of a pilot plant MANAGEMENT OF THE URBAN-
to manufacture boards.
LANDSCAPE ENVIRONMENT IN HAVANA
Moreover, vital information on critical stages of the pro-
BAY AND BUFFER AREA
cess was generated, such as the determination of the link
between the aspect of the sawdust to be used and the hu-
midity control prior to the compression model. During the This initiative seeks to support the comprehensive man-
different exchanges carried out for this project, information agement for the urban reconversion of Havana Bay and its
was provided on bending tests, longitudinal traction, inter- buffer area, through the input of Argentine specialists and
nal cohesion and swelling levels and the rules ensuring the the transfer of regional knowledge from analogous experi-
final classification for industrial use were reviewed. ences and territories.
Experts from the Physical Planning Institute and pro-
fessionals from the School of Architecture, Design and
Urbanism of the University of Buenos Aires and the Gov-
ernment of the City of Buenos Aires will work with the
Argentine Cooperation works together Havana Historian Office and the Physical Planning Institute
with Cuba to generate high quality affiliated to the Ministry of Economy and Planning through
training workshops, site visits and mapping of identified
products at low cost and reduce places for the reconstruction of Havana Bay.
industrial waste of the sugar industry This project aims at advancing the elaboration of
physical tools and management models for the transfor-
mation of the Bay. From the experience of Argentine spe-
cialists, the intent is to share existing knowledge on urban
plans, urban regulations, soil regulatory frameworks, and
management models: public, private and mixed, in territo-
ries similar to the Havana Bay.
This collaboration between Argentina and Cuba will
leave a joint legacy. It will be the main instrument for urban
planning and the land management of the city of Havana,
in the year of its five hundredth anniversary.

The School of Architecture, Design


and Urbanism of the University of
Buenos Aires contributes to the urban
reconversion of Havana Bay in the
light of the declaration of the city
center and its system of fortifications
as a World Heritage Site (WHS)
42 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ECUADOR

7
DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC POLICIES FOR
TOTAL OF PROJECTS PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES AND THEIR
FAMILIES

With the purpose of contributing to capacities in the go-


MODALITY
vernmental areas in charge of public polices intended for

7 people with disabilities, Argentina and Ecuador agreed to


carry out a project to strengthen and exchange technical
and public policy experiences. Through this initiative, the
proposal seeks to improve incorporation into the labor
market, quality tourism management based on accessibili-
ty and citizen participation and, at the same time, develop

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
23
mechanisms related to disability qualification, education
and access to justice.
TRANSFERRED Its execution is in charge of national representatives in
the area: from Argentina, the National Disability Agency
(ANDIS) in collaboration with the Secretariat of Tourism,
the Secretariat of Labor and Employment, and the Minis-
try of Justice and Human Rights; from Ecuador, the Natio-
nal Council on Disabilities (CONADIS). In October 2018,
a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between
ANDIS and CONADIS to promote the project launch.

17 6
At the same time, at the regional level, countries are
working with the Ibero-American General Secretariat
(SEGIB) on a proposal elaborated by the institution on
ARGENTINEAN ECUADORIAN disability, with the aim of advancing the implementation
of an Ibero-American Program on the Right of People

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 85
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 43

GUATEMALA

with Disabilities. This program will help include people TOWARDS A TECHNICAL REGULATION
with disabilities in the economic and social life through FOR DAM SAFETY
technical cooperation, training, and exchange of good
practices and financial allocation, in compliance with the
UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities The project is part of the first bilateral program between Ar-
and the attainment of the SDGs. gentina and Guatemala and it was developed in 2013-2015.
The aim consisted of strengthening the Guatemalan energy
sector by training professionals from the body in charge of
the revision and the creation of proposals in pursuit of updat-
ing the technical regulation for dam safety. It was implement-
ed by the National Commission of Electric Energy (CNEE)
from Guatemala and the Dam Safety Regulatory Authority
(ORSEP) from Argentina.
Due to the actions taken, the management of the hydro-
electric power plant was strengthened in terms of structural
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 15
and operational safety and dam safety regulations were ap-
plied. Moreover, the current regulations were reviewed with
the aim of implementing a participatory dynamic between
the supervision (CNEE) and the electricity generators (own-
ers), taking based on the methodology used by ORSEP in
Argentina.
Also, the on-going works in the country were inspected,
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH and the current operating forms were verified, raising aware-
ness of their status and needs. A seminar on the matter in-
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 15 tended for technicians and professionals was also carried out.
Once the adjustments to the Dam Safety Regulation were
approved, they were circulated and afterwards a publication
was written that was intended for all actors involved (own-
ers, public and private institutions and citizens). Finally, pro-
motion activities were held in communities affected by the
floods, with regard to the hydroelectric works in the area
covered by the CNEE.

Argentina and Ecuador strengthen public


policies on disability that allow improving
employment, accessible tourism, citizen
participation and access to justice for
people with disabilities and their families
44 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

INSTALLATION AND PROMOTION OF THE application of a latest generation software for the devel-
USE OF WIND ENERGY IN THE FACILITIES opment of wind energy projects. In order to achieve that,
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF SAN CARLOS professionals from the USAC School of Engineering and
the Department of Renewable Energy under the Ministry
of Energy and Mining received training.
Wind energy is the energy obtained from the wind; that Argentine experts conducted WINDPRO courses
is, kinetic energy created by the effect of air currents =that (a system to calculate the annual energy production of a
is converted into other useful forms of energy for hu- turbine or a wind farm) and GLOBAL MAPPER courses
man activities. The purpose of the project, intended for (cartography and images). Site visits were also held in the
teachers and researchers of the School of Engineering of area where the wind farm will be built and where the cal-
the University of San Carlos, in Guatemala (USAC) and culations and certifications of the site will take place. The
the technical staff of the Ministry of Energy and Mining, execution of the project set the basis for the planning of
was to train and share knowledge on the issues related wind energy projects in different geographical areas of the
to wind energy research from the perspective of Energia country.
Argentina S.A. (ENARSA), specifically from its center in
the Province of Chubut.
Three missions were organized and carried out be-
tween February and November 2015, both in Argentina
and Guatemala. They were mainly focused on knowledge
transfer regarding wind dynamic modeling, through the
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 45

HONDURAS

TOTAL OF PROJECTS 8
MODALITY STRENGTHENING AGRI-FOOD CHAINS
8 The project was approved under the first bilateral coop-
eration program between Argentina and Honduras, and
its goal was to validate quality (organoleptic properties) of
potato varieties with adequate characteristics to the local
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
65
agro-ecological conditions, and resistant to plagues, diseases
and crop management practices.
TRANSFERRED It was developed between Argentine INTA and the Ag-
ri-food Chain National Program (PRONAGRO) under the
Secretariat of Honduras in 2013-2016, and it allowed the
inter-institutional teamwork that validated the potato seed.
As part of the initiative, different practices for nutrition
and plague control in potato crops were put into action,
validated though the elaboration of a methodology for soil
classification in areas of potato crops in Honduras, specifi-

37 28
cally in the high area of Intibuca: Azacualpa, Yamaranguila
and Santa Catarina.
The project marked the beginning of the relationship
ARGENTINEAN HONDURAN
between the two countries and it resulted in the develop-
ment of subsequent joint initiatives, deepening the coopera-
tion ties in terms of agro-industry.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 151 Through this initiative, Argentina
strengthened capacities of 60
agricultural professionals distributed
in 11 regions of Honduras, with the
objective of improving meat, dairy and
agricultural production and satisfy the
consumption needs in the country
46 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

STATE MANAGEMENT OF
ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANLINESS (SOLID
WASTE)

Between 2016 and 2018, the Argentine General Auditing


Office (AGN) and the Supreme Audit Institution (TSC) in
Honduras developed this project based on three goals: de-
sign an audit of environmental management control of solid
urban waste in the Central District of Tegucigalpa; train
TSC staff on comprehensive waste management and con-
trol of environmental management; and validate incorporat-
ed tools in an audit of the National Strategy of Sustainable
Tourism in Honduras, to strengthen the country’s control
over environmental management.
The first step was the design of an audit of the com-
prehensive management of solid urban waste taking into the findings in relation to the approach (whether it be the
account the preliminary study carried out by the Honduran causes, problems or consequences).
institution. In addition, the status of the control tools used In the different missions carried out, the regulations gov-
by TSC was evaluated with the aim of adjusting the design erning the supreme auditing entities were respected and
of the audit of environmental management control. professional practices capable of optimizing the manage-
The second step was the training of Honduran officials ment control were compared. Moreover, Argentine experi-
on the design of audits of management control with the use ences on new technologies for the collection of audit evi-
of different tools such as the planning matrix, the defini- dence were presented, such as the use of unmanned aerial
tion of criteria (efficacy, efficiency, effectiveness, economy vehicles (drones).
and equity), FODA analysis, and the problem tree and risk Finally, a protocol for the collection of water, air, soil, etc.
matrix, with the aim of executing what had been planned samples was outlined with the aim of obtaining better col-
and achieve a findings matrix of full audit. At the same time, lected evidence in the on-site verifications and the need to
a new writing style was introduced with clear language have a manual on environmental management control was
that enabled readers of audit reports to understand in full identified. This manual would allow the standardization of
control procedures and methodologies.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 20

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 12
7 ARGENTINEAN 5 HONDURAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 47

MEXICO

12
INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING
FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DRUG
TOTAL OF PROJECTS TREATMENT COURTS

MODALITY The Organization of the American States (OAS), through

11
the Hemispheric Drug Strategy, recognizes that drug de-
pendency is a chronic and recurrent disease that should
be considered and treated as a public health issue, urging
member countries to “explore the means of providing
treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration services

1
for drug dependent criminal offenders as an alternative to
criminal prosecution or imprisonment.” Among the alter-
natives to strengthen anti-drug policies, the report of the
VI Summit of the Americas makes reference to the Drug
Treatment Courts (DTC) as a way to treat imprisonment
of drug dependent offenders.

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
84
In the particular case of Mexico, from the experiences
being developed in countries such as the United States,
TRANSFERRED Canada, Chile, Belgium and Brazil, the implementation of
the Addiction Treatment Courts program started in 2009
and it was successfully implemented in several states by the
Government Secretariat and the Health Secretariat. These
precedents gave rise to the bilateral cooperation project be-

58
ARGENTINEAN
26
MEXICAN
The Drug Treatment Court is an alternative
criminal procedure within the justice
system, aimed at offenders whose crimes
are related to drug and alcohol addictions.
This mechanism facilitates the early
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH identification of drug users in the context
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 264 of criminal proceedings, offering them
immediate access to treatment under
the direct supervision of the judge.
48 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

tween Argentina and Mexico on “Institutional Strengthen-


ing for the Implementation of Drug Treatment Courts,” that DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
aims at creating capacities or the design of an implementa-
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 26
tion program by stages of the Drug Treatment Courts at
the federal level, with the focus on prevention, treatment,
rehabilitation and social integration of Drug Law offenders.
The Argentine Republic has no federal experience in TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 9
the matter, but has developed a pilot test of DTCs in the
Province of Salta, in which the court works through two 6 ARGENTINEAN 3 MEXICAN

district courts. Recently, the Ministry of Justice and Human


Rights created a working group with the aim of analyzing
the visibility of the DTC implementation at the federal level,
promoting the link between countries and international or-
ganizations for its technical assistance and training.
The implementation of this bilateral project allowed our for evaluating processes, results and impact assessments to
country to develop a pilot trial of therapeutic justice for the measure the reduction in the consumption of multiple sub-
establishment of Drug Treatment Courts, along with the stances, recidivism and social integration of participants.
writing of “Protocol of the Pilot Program on Therapeutic In this way, it is expected that the program contrib-
Justice. Comprehensive Treatment Criminal Law Offend- utes to decreasing the use of psycho-active substances by
ers with Problematic Abuse of Psycho-active Substances.” participants, promotes social integration and decreases
The program includes forty case studies, promotes early the criminal rates, elaborates statistical data on the pro-
identification of drug consumers in a context of criminal gram’s function and effectiveness, and evaluates the results
proceeding and offers them immediate access to treatment obtained with the aim of extending the practice to other
under the direct supervision of the judge. It will have a tool jurisdictions.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 49

PARAGUAY

South-South initiatives with


Paraguay focus on thematic areas TOTAL OF PROJECTS 11
such as Health, Human Rights
MODALITY
and Agribusiness, with a great
impact on phytosanitary issues in 11 BILATERAL

crossborder regions. At the same


time, through the collaboration of
the Argentina’s National Institute
1 DECENTRALIZED

for the Coordination of Ablation


and Implantation (INCUCAI), the
Paraguayan government passed a
National Organ Transplant Act.
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 94
Finally, Argentina will carry out
in Paraguay the first Triangular
Cooperation Project with South
Korea on the area of Agribusiness.
58
ARGENTINEAN
36
PARAGUAYAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 180
50 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

STREGTHENING THE AGRI-FOOD Argentine Cooperation was provided by INTI. During


UNIT OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE the execution of the project, the work focused on three
OF TECNOLOGY, STANDARDS AND aspects:
METROLOGY (INTN) • Strengthening the technical capacities of the INTN
agro-industry team from INTN for diagnosis and assis-
tance of food-production SMEs. The training plan included
The agro-industrial sector has a key role in the productive content related to production technologies, management
structure of Paraguay and it takes into account a wide tools and the implementation of good manufacturing
range of products elaborated by SMEs, such as food pro- practices (GMP).
duction, clothing manufacturing, and production of wood • The implementation of a diagnosis methodology, an
and wood products, sectors that account for the greatest improvement proposal and the follow-up of Paraguayan
proportion of economic units and which create the most SMEs.
employment. • Conduction of training sessions oriented at to tech-
Due to the demand of an ever-increasing market and nicians and the food production sector of the region.
one which aims at complying with national and interna- Due to this implementation, the link between the
tional standards, the National Institute of Technology, INTN and the productive sector was enhanced, the In-
Standards and Metrology (INTN) has been working to stitute collaborated with academia and more than 180
promote the implementation of new technologies and the producers were trained in three open workshops. More-
refinement of working methodologies. The INTN is an au- over, the proposed improvement plan was implemented
tonomous and decentralized entity of research and techni- on assessed and diagnosed companies, in relation to the
cal assistance in the field of scientific-technological activi- application of GMPs and the improvement of production
ties, with its own legal identity and jurisdiction over the technologies; and some advances were registered regard-
entire territory of Paraguay. The Institute asked Argentina ing production and staff hygiene, as well as improvements
for support in advancing the technical strengthening of the in the facilities and the enforcement of registration pro-
institution and promoting of a greater link in the national cesses. Finally, three manuals on food technology, manage-
productive sector through technical assistance in micro, ment technology and quality and safety management were
small and medium-size Paraguayan companies in the food elaborated.
sector, in the pursuit of improving processes and products
and promoting the opening of new markets related to the
quality of these goods.
The National Industrial Technology
Institute (INTI) trained technicians of
the Agro-Industry team of National
Institute of Standards and Technology
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH (INTN) of Paraguay and more than
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 31 180 representatives of companies,
professionals and students through the
realization of three open workshops
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 10
8 ARGENTINEAN 2 PARAGUAYAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 51

STRENGTHENING ALTERNATIVE
METHODS AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

The resolution of disputes only by means of a judicial pro-


ceeding is no longer the most adequate form of conflict
resolution, and now negotiation, conciliation, arbitration and
mediation are the alternative mechanisms par excellence to
settle episodes that, in view of the situation, do not need to
be judicially approached. The alternative methods to resolv-
ing conflict (AMRC) consist in a wide range of mechanisms
used to solve disputes without the need to resorting to
the judicial system. These do not imply mechanisms that
work parallel to the judicial system, instead they strengthen
this system, acting in a subsidiary or complementary way,
providing a more comprehensive and adequate service ad-
justed to the circumstances. DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
Since the creation of the Judicial Branch Mediation Of-
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 30
fice, these mechanisms have gained space in the Paraguayan
legal practice. This organization has five locations through-
out the country. In this context, the Directorate for the
Access to Justice under the Ministry of Justice of Paraguay TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 9
presented a cooperation project that seeks to build capaci-
ties in the prevention and management of community and 6 ARGENTINEAN 3 PARAGUAYAN

social conflicts. The project started in June 2017 with offi-


cials working in the matter visiting different Community Me-
diation Centers in Argentina with the aim of learning about
the characteristics and differences between the community
mediation service and the private mediation service, and the
different programs and proceedings applied in our country.
The training was carried out in three stages: the first was
online, and the other two on-site and the result was the
licensing of twenty-two community mediators. diation Centers, as it was successful within the project. Both
Moreover, the project had a component of technical countries jointly worked on a mediation bill for Paraguay.
cooperation for the strengthening of human resources, the The execution of the Project proved, among other
development of tools for knowledge exchange and the con- results, that with these cooperation actions (in particu-
tribution for the opening of a Justice Office in the interior lar, with the training of mediators for the prevention and
of the country. peaceful resolution of community conflicts and with the
The Paraguayan Ministry of Justice took as a model the technical assistance for the implementation of minimum
organization chart in the area of Participatory Methods for standards and unified parameters for action), both Ar-
the Resolution of Conflicts by the Ministry of Justice and Hu- gentina and Paraguay are heading towards the attainment
man Rights by creating the Mediation Directorate and im- of 2030 Agenda SDG 16, as the promotion and devel-
plementing a body similar to the Federal Network of Com- opment of AMRCs undoubtedly constitutes a powerful
munity Mediation Centers. Its officials are currently working tool to ensure access to justice and promote fairer, more
on the creation of a National Network of Community Me- peaceful and inclusive societies.
52 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

PERU

11
APPRAISAL AND ORNAMENTAL USE OF
TOTAL OF PROJECTS PERUVIAN NATIVE FLORA: THE CASE OF
CANTUTA (PERU’S NATIONAL FLOWER)

MODALITY INTA Floriculture Institute and the researchers of the

10
Ornamental Plants Investigation Program (PIPSO) of the
BILATERAL National Agriculture University La Molina (UNALM) from
Peru put into action the project called “Appraisal and Or-
namental Use of Peruvian Native Flora: The Case of Can-
DECENTRALIZED tuta (Peru’s National Flower) with the aim of recovering
the ornamental native flora of Peru.
The genus Cantua has a high ornamental potential due
to its diversity of species and its wide range of colors. Its di-

1 TRIANGULAR verse characteristics are worth the promotion of its grow-


ing as ornamental species and the inclusion of it in landscap-
ing programs in Peru, especially in the Metropolitan Area of
Lima, the main market for potted plants and cut flowers.
The greatest impact of this project was the creation

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
101
of an in vivo germplasm of the genus Cantua available at
the UNALM. This product allowed the collection, do-
TRANSFERRED mestication and characterization of efficient ornamental
germplasm. This collection will enable a plan for genus
genetic improvement. Moreover, the knowledge gained
could be applied to other Peruvian native species with
ornamental potential

Technicians of the National Institute of

67
ARGENTINEAN
34
PERUVIAN
Agricultural Technology (INTA) contributed to
the creation of a germplasm bank of Cantuta
species suitable for growing on the coast
of Peru, favored the insertion of samples in
the local market in Lima and promoted the
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH presentation of a congress bill sponsoring
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 338 Cantuta declaration as the National
Flower. INTA also helped consolidate a
group of UNALM experts in floriculture.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 53

Thanks to this project, INTA could test its methodologi-


cal experience, exchange valuable experiences and gain in-
sight on Peruvian ornamental flora. In addition, training was
provided to the UNALM team and technicians from other
institutions with whom strategic alliances were built.
In the Ornamental Plant Research Program, an area of
work regarding native ornamental plants was established
to carry out tasks related to training, researching, social
extension and projection, and it contributes to educat-
ing all visitors to the plant nursery. In addition, a manual
on cantuta growing will soon be published including the
results of the project.
The Project allowed the UNALM to vindicate its role
as the leading institution in the agriculture sector, pushing
for a bill to officially recognize the Cantua buxifolia as Peru’s
National Flower and to declare the National Flower Day.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 29

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 9
6 ARGENTINEAN 3 PERUVIAN
54 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN mechanisms for sustainable management of communities


THE LANDSCAPE RESERVE NOR YAUYOS located in the RPNYC and, thus, to improve the quality of
COCHAS life of local inhabitants whose main activity and source of
income is based on natural resources.
Local actors were made aware that problems with sil-
In the framework of the V Meeting of the Joint Commis- vo-pastoral management present in the reserves are not
sion for Technical, Scientific and Technological Cooperation a consequence of the poor technical-instrumental aspects,
Peru-Argentina, the Commission agreed on a project called but the effect of joint social aspects that must be reverted
“Natural Resource Management in the Landscape Reserve from the implementation of socio-community intervention
Nor Yuayos Cochas (RPNYC), to integrate the 2015-2018 practices for conservation and preservation. As the RPNYC
Bilateral Cooperation Program. administration had a low level of awareness of cultural and
The project was requested by the National Service of spiritual aspects, these issues were included in the training
the State-Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP) of Peru, provided to park rangers.
taking into account that Argentina is a model in terms of The aim of the project was fully achieved because ad-
management, handling and administration of protected equate mechanisms for sustainable management of the
natural areas. For such reason, the Argentine counterpart communities in the RPNYC were implemented and com-
for this cooperation program invited to participate was the mon criteria were established between park rangers and
Directorate of Parks and Reserves, under the Ministry of local promoters in terms of tourism management and its
Tourism of the Province of Corrientes, which has vast ex- articulation with the conservation and environmental devel-
perience in this field. opment goals. The teams concluded on the need to work
The Project proposal aimed at contributing to the im- on social aspects in each community with a high number of
plementation of a Master Plan of the RPNYC, taking as tourism operations such as Vilca and Huancaya.
strategy the handling of natural resources (adequate use of As a conclusion of the project’s execution and what
grassland, meadows and water harvesting). In this way, the the Peruvian counterpart expressed, the idea of working on
project goal was to strengthen the local and national ca- park rangers’ training emerged and it finally was translated
pacities of the RPNYC staff and its local partners (local pro- into the first experience of this kind ever developed in Peru.
moters) in the identification and implementation of proper

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 80

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 9
5 ARGENTINEAN 4 PERUVIAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 55

URUGUAY

16
STRENGTHENING CAPACITIES IN JUSTICE
TOTAL OF PROJECTS
This project was approved at the II Meeting of Technical
Cooperation between Argentina and Uruguay. On that oc-
MODALITY casion and under the strategic axis of Security and Justice,

15
the Justice Secretariat of the Argentine Ministry of Justice
and Human Rights along with the University of the Repub-
lic agreed on executing a cooperation project that would
strengthen the capacities of both institutions.

1
The project finds its raison d’être in the changes tak-
ing place within each country. On the one hand, towards
the end of 2016, Uruguay was going through a process of
enforcement of a new Penal Code, of accusatory nature,
that modified the role of the attorney, who had to assume,
among other things, the care and protection of victims. On
the other hand, Argentina had undertaken a journey for
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 157 over ten years in terms of Protecting Witnesses and De-
fendants, under Act 25764/2003, and at the same time, the
Argentine National Program of Private Law General Coor-
dination was conducting the elaboration of a new Civil and
Commercial Code.
In this regard, the project aimed at strengthening an in-
stitutional scheme of attorneys in Uruguay and improve the
Argentine justice mechanisms so that procedural reforms
could be effective for civil society. From 2017 to mid-2018,
the project was divided in seven stages, five of which took

80
ARGENTINEAN
77
URUGUAYAN
place in Uruguay and two in Argentina. In order to achieve
that, a total of eleven Argentine experts and four Uruguay-
an experts were transferred. One of the positive outcomes
was that the Private Law Program strengthened the work
done by means of the initiative called “Draft of the New
National Civil and Commercial Code”, due to the exchange
of experiences between both countries and the training
provided to public officials by Uruguay. The Undersecre-
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
250
tariat of Justice and Criminal Policy strengthen the work

KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE being carried out in the framework of the implementation


of the new Penal Code of accusatory nature (Act 27063).
In addition, when studying the Uruguayan experience, the
Argentine experts concluded on the need to increase the
effectiveness of attorneys through the development of op-
eration manuals, the creation of common offices with ad-
ministrative tasks and the creation of prosecution teams,
among others.
56 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

As corollary of the work done, a report titled “Report


on the Impact of the Legislative Reform Regarding the Na- DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
tional Civil and Commercial Code” was elaborated and it
included how the Uruguayan experience, in force for more KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 20
than thirty years, resulted in a great contribution to the
new Civil and Commercial Code, with comparable prin-
ciples and characteristics such as the management of judicial
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 15
offices, which provide support to the procedural regime
Argentina is aiming for. 11 ARGENTINEAN 4 URUGUAYAN
The Argentine Undersecretariat of Justice and Crimi-
nal Policy elaborated a document “Good Practice Proposal
for Management and Organization of Attorney General of
Uruguay”. Through this, the aim was to find the applica- Knowledge-exchange between justice
tion of methods that pursue guidance for the improvement
of management, organization and leverage of resources. In institutions of Argentina and Uruguay
addition, the parties elaborated a Letter of Understanding contributed to the elaboration of
in terms of protection regarding people who intervene in
criminal proceedings between the Ministry of Justice and programs oriented to the protection of
Human Rights of Argentina and the General Attorney of witnesses, imputed and victims, and to
Uruguay.
the training in procedural best practices
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 57

BINATIONAL STANDARDIZATION OF
PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATIONS

The project aims at creating a guiding proposal for the bina-


tional standardization of professional competency certifica-
tions. With this goal in mind, the Ministry of Labor, Employ-
ment and Social Security of Argentina and the Ministry of
Labor and Social Security of Uruguay designed a joint action
to identify, recognize and agree on the conditions for the
standardization of professional certifications, in the frame-
work of national certification systems of both countries.
For Argentina, this project was part of a national strat-
egy to promote the certification of labor competencies
as tool for social equity, acknowledging the professional
knowledge regardless of the way in which they were ac-
quired. Uruguay, for its part, aims to promote the creation
of a national system of training by competencies and to ad-
vance in the creation of a professional certification system.
In this regard, the exchange with other countries that had
already accumulated experience in the field was essential.
This initiative contemplates the advancement in the
standardization of professional competencies so migrant
workers can find employment more quickly and so they do
not require re-certification in their destination country. At
the same time, it is a base project that could be replicated
and expanded to other Mercosur countries with the aim of
achieving professional profiles at regional level.
The project, executed in 2017, was developed in three
stages during which five Argentine experts and three Uru-
guayan experts were transferred. Regarding the initiative
outcomes, it is worth mentioning the deepening of knowl- DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
edge of certification systems and professional training in
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 8
Argentina and Uruguay, the development of a validated and
agreed road map by social actors in each country to ad-
vance in the processes of standardization of professional
certifications, and the development of a binational agree- TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 8
ment proposal.
5 ARGENTINEAN 3 URUGUAYAN
58 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

BOLIVIA, COSTA RICA,


PARAGUAY AND PERU
STRENGTHENING THE DEVELOPMENT
OF PROCESSES FOR CELL, TISSUE
AND ORGAN DONATION AND
TRANSPLANTATION

In recent years, Argentina has developed bilateral coopera-


tion projects with donation and transplantation organiza-
tions from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Paraguay and Peru, with the
aim of contributing to the improvement of their national
systems. In this aspect, the regional program “Strengthen-
ing the Development of Processes of Cell, Tissue and Or-
gan Donation and Transplantation” is based on the regional
leadership of Argentina on this matter through the work of
INCUCAI and it seeks to promote the creation of a space
for an exchange of experiences and capacity transfer, that
would improve the transplantation indicators in the region.
In this framework, and under the leadership of IN-
CUCAI as a collaborating center of the PAHO/WHO in
terms of donation and transplantation, on July 3-7, 2017,
in the City of Buenos Aires, the course “International
Course for Intensive Theoretical-Practical Training on Or-
gan, Tissue and Cell Donation” took place. The goal was to
put into practice one of the activities agreed upon by the
countries in order to provide collaboration to strengthen
within them the development of donation and transplan-
tation processes, reinforcing the bioethical principles of
equity, quality and transparency. Moreover, tools were
provided to train health officials from the aforementioned
countries with the commitment to design a legal and ethi-
cal regulation and to develop donation and transplantation
processes with aligned criteria.
During this international course, decision makers and
technicians of each participating country attended and were
selected by the counterparts. A group of professionals was
created, all of whom were referents of each of the specific
subjects and who could, eventually, replicate the activities in
their own country. Additionally, a space for exchange was
created that could improve the transplantation indicators in
the countries of the region.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH LATIN AMERICA 59
ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH

THE
CARIBBEAN
The fostering of South-South and Triangular initiatives
in The Caribbean has been a priority axis of
Argentine Cooperation for more than two decades.
Currently, FO.AR develops eleven initiatives in fifteen
countries of the region in areas of Agribusiness and
Food Security; Health and Strengthening of
Laboratories, Security and Justice
BAHAMAS

JAMAICA HAITI ST. KITTS & NEVIS

BELIZ E ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

DOMINICA
ST. LUCIA
ST. VINCENT & THE GRANADINES BARBADOS
GRENADA
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

GUYANA
SURINAME

ARGENTINA

TOTAL OF PROJECTS 11 NUMBER OF EXPERTS 345 DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH


MODALITY
TRANSFERRED KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE

5 BILATERAL

4 REGIONAL

335
SEMINARS

2 TRIANGULAR 228 117


ARGENTINEAN CARIBBEAN
62 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY
(CARICOM)

REGIONAL COOPERATION
WORKSHOP ON AGRICULTURE WITH
THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES OF
THE CARIBBEAN

On November 12-15, in Buenos Aires, the “Regional


Workshop on Agriculture in the English-Speaking Carib-
bean”, took place and technicians and officials from Bar-
bados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Lucia and Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines were invited to participate by
the FO.AR.
During the four-day workshop, training activities on
soil management, water resources, protocols of phytos-
anitary certification and plague management were devel-
oped, among the main topics.
Other participants of the meeting included the INTA TRANSFERRED EXPERTS: 39
and SENASA, which provided training by their experts.
Moreover, delegates from the Inter-American Institute
for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and the Caribbean
Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CAR- Experts from the National Institute of
DI), an organization specialized in Caribbean Community
(CARICOM) agriculture issues.
Agricultural Technology (INTA) and the
The representatives of countries and INTA profession- National Agrifood Health and Quality
als shared their work and experiences on the management
(SENASA) trained professionals from six
of water resources, with the aim of cooperating in terms
of the development of projects to improve the quality Caribbean countries in soil and water
of water with equity and increase the crop production. resources management, phytosanitary
A presentation on the National Program of Natural Re-
sources and Environmental Management by INTA took certification protocols and pest control
place. This program seeks to contribute, with the addition
of environmental value, to the agricultural production of
Argentina by gradually improving the sustainability of rural
territories and production systems. The attendees learned
about the diagnosis methodologies and the collection of
water resources and also the presentation of the method-
ology for training and water harvesting.
Later, the representatives of each invited country talked
about the state of water resources in their countries and
addressed issues such as soil salinity, irrigation and water
collection. To close the week, the guests established future
opportunities for cooperation and joint work guidelines.
LA COOPERACIÓN ARGENTINA CON CARIBE 63

STRENGTHENING THE DETECTION


AND SURVEILLENCE OF NATIONAL AND
REGIONAL ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE
IN THE MEMBER COUNTRIES OF
CARICOM.

The Directorate General of International Cooperation, sion making on the monitoring of tendencies to resistance,
along with the National Ministry of Health and Social Devel- the integrated surveillance of resistance with the veterinary
opment through Institute and the National Administration and agricultural sectors, and the improvement of prescrip-
of Health Laboratories and Institutes (ANLIS), —through tion practices.
the institute Dr. Carlos G. Malbran—, the SENASA, CARI- The participation of SENASA is a unique added value
COM and PAHO/WHO subscribed a pledge in 2018 to that consists in sharing the successful experience on ad-
implement a triangular cooperation project in the Carib- justing international guidelines to the national context, the
bean for the two-year period 2019-2021, which aims at management of regulatory frameworks and integrated sur-
providing instruments and capacities for the detection and veillance and the institutional strengthening by the imple-
integrated surveillance (human and animal) of antimicrobial mentation of “Argentine Strategy for the Control of AMR.”
resistance (AMR). This Project for strengthening the detection and surveil-
AMR represents a significant public health and develop- lance of national and regional antimicrobial resistance in the
ment issue due to its impact on morbidity, mortality and member states of CARICOM is the first initiative of this
the economy of countries. This project will set the frame- kind and scale in the region. The proposal is aligned with
work for AMR interventions, strategy and public policies in the commitment of Argentina to fulfill the global pledge of
the English-Speaking Caribbean with the training of health implementing a plan of action for AMR, one of the health is-
professionals and technicians that experts from the Mal- sues developed over 2018 during the Argentine presidency
bran Institute. This institution has coordinated the Program of G20.
of the External Performance Assessment for the network
of American countries for more than twenty years. It’s in-
tended to strengthen the diagnosis capacity and surveillance
of AMR in human pathogens and to monitor the quality of
clinical laboratories of the region.
The initiative is focused on fourteen independent mem-
ber countries of CARICOM: Antigua and Barbuda, Baha-
mas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, This project aims at strengthening
Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grena-
dines, Saint Lucia, Surinam, and Trinidad and Tobago. In all the detection and surveillance of
of them, a national program on quality control in terms of national and regional antimicrobial
AMR will be set, the availability of information among health
professionals will be strengthened in terms of antimicrobial
resistance in CARICOM Member
prescription, a Caribbean data base (WHONET) will be States, being the first initiative of this
crated in pursuit of collecting and systematizing data, and a
nature and scale in the region
three-day regional workshop will be held to train staff in the
use of WHONET and the application of laboratory stan-
dardized procedures. The information will be used in deci-
64 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

BARBADOS

With initiatives that include


knowledge-exchange and TOTAL OF PROJECTS 7
capacity-building in areas
MODALITY
of agribusiness, fisheries
development, education and 4 REGIONAL
SEMINARS

development of SMEs, Argentina


and Barbados strengthen their 2
cooperation ties and consolidate
as strategic South-South partners 1 BILATERAL

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 61

41
ARGENTINEAN
20
BARBADIAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 92
LA COOPERACIÓN ARGENTINA CON CARIBE 65

STRENGTHENING ARTISAN FISHING


TECHNIQUES

Barbados has a coastal area of 320 km2 and it is fully sur-


rounded by the Atlantic Ocean. Its extended marine juris-
diction is estimated at approximately 48,800 km2. The four-
wing flyingfish (Hirundichthys affinis) is the most important
species and it accounted for approximately 62% of the total
annual catches in 2002-2010. The second most important
species is the dolphin fish (Coryphaena hippurus), which
accounted for 22% of the total annual catch.
The execution of the project “Strengthening of Artisan
Fishing Techniques”, carried out by INIDEP experts, along
with the Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture from
Barbados started to develop lobster fishing, an activity not DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
fully developed in the country as the growth of tourism had
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 68
forced the increase of lobster import at a very high cost.
The project aimed at targeting small fishing communi-
ties that, through training on the creation of new artisan
fishing techniques and methods, could improve their catch-
es. The main characteristics of the longline fishing system
were presented and its possible adjustments according to
the local topographic and bathymetric conditions, and its
relation to the resource availability. In addition, the staff of
the Barbados Governmental Fishery Division was trained, Small communities of artisanal
which meant the multiplication of the impact as officials fishermen were trained by argentine
were trained to replicate the knowledge acquired. With
the work done by the Argentine INIDEP experts, techni- experts of the National Institute of
cians from both countries were able to develop collapsible Fishing Research and Development
lobster traps, something that contributed to the significant
development of this type of fishing in the country.
(INIDEP), fostering sustainability of
The missions carried out enabled the improvement of fishing and tourism activities and
fishery resources in Barbados, for the benefit of society,
conservation of natural resources
through the management and development of sustainable
fisheries by introducing new fishing methods and tech-
niques.
66 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

GRANADA

Professionals of the National


Institute of Agricultural TOTAL OF PROJECTS 5
Technology (INTA) and the
MODALITY
National Agrifood Health and
Quality (SENASA) contribute 3 REGIONAL
SEMINARS

to the development of a more


resilient agriculture in Granada 1
by promoting improvements
in productivity and compliance
with phytosanitary standards.
1 BILATERAL

At the same time, Argentine


Cooperation supports the
development of the local
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 56
apiculture industry by training
Small and Medium Producers of
the sector.

37
ARGENTINOS
19
GRENADIAN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 70
LA COOPERACIÓN ARGENTINA CON CARIBE 67

STRNEGTHENING PARTNERSHIP
WORK BETWEEN BEEKEEPERS
AND GUANABANA PRODCUERS IN
GRENADA

With the aim of supporting the capacities of Grenadian


officials to strengthen their partnership working in SMEs,
from 2011 to date, a group of experts from the Secreta-
riat of Small and Medium- Size Companies and Regional
Development (SEPYME) implemented seven stages of the
project for which Argentine experts conducted work-
shops for the Grenada Association of Beekeepers (GAB)
and the Grenada Network of Rural Women Producers Argentine national universities, such as the Beekeeping
(GRENROP). The purpose of these workshops, among Research Center (CEDIA) —both at its location in Ar-
others, was the training and education of local beekee- gentina and in Grenada.
pers on the use and creation of propolis products, a ho-
neycomb byproduct that due to its antibacterial proper-
ties is used for health maintenance in the elaboration of
soap and lotions and other cosmetic products.
Argentina’s vast experience as honey producers, in
addition to the possible synergies between the beekee-
ping and the guanabana (an edible tropical fruit) sectors
allowed the exchange of knowledge acquired by small DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
and medium-size producers of the island, fostering their
development from partnerships and new production te-
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 53
chniques.
Through this project, participants improved their un-
derstanding of cooperatives and partnering groups, and, TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 20
through direct observation of successful cases, valued the
14 ARGENTINEAN 6 GRENADIAN
possibility of achieving common goals from joint efforts.
Moreover, they learned new instruments for handling
small groups of producers from direct work on local
groups that were analyzed, diagnosed, supported the
consolidation of a new collective identity and a common
vision, and, along with its members, an activity plan of
Innovation in production and
concrete actions for joint projects was outlined.
To all this, the training of Grenadian technicians (who associativism techniques improved the
incorporated new analysis methodologies) must be added situation of small local producers
and beekeepers= members of the group with which Ar-
gentine experts were working by expert teams from two of honey and tropical fruits
of the most prestigious beekeeping research centers of .
68 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

GUYANA

With an active participation of


professionals of the “Prof. Dr. Juan TOTAL OF PROJECTS 2
Pedro Garrahan” Hospital and
MODALITY
the National Institute of Infectious
Diseases “Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán“, 1 BILATERAL

Argentina contributes to the


strengthening of health services in
Guyana.
1

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 10

7
ARGENTINEAN
3
GUIANESE

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 36
LA COOPERACIÓN ARGENTINA CON CARIBE 69

IMPROVEMENT OF SAFETY LEVELS OF


THE NATIONAL BLOOD TRANSFUSION
SERVICE

The aim of the project consisted in improving the safety


levels of the Guyanese National Blood Transfusions Ser-
vice (SNTS), through assessment missions and the build-
ing of capacities carried out by hematologist specialists,
and also through training sessions conducted at the Prof.
Dr. Juan Pedro Garrahan Hospital Blood Bank.
The training conducted at Garrahan Hospital focused
on the hospital’s procedures and standards in terms of
quality management and control blood storage areas,
which will strongly help the development of a plan that Argentine professionals provided support
allows for the creation of capacities in all the region with to the National Transfusion Service of
blood banks (in addition to the SNTS of Georgetown
Public Hospital, Guyana also has blood banks in other Guyana, improving blood management
four hospitals throughout the country). services and collection of statistics
Since the implementation of the project, the National
Blood Transfusions Service of Guyana was able to im-
prove its services due to the visit of consultants in the
first stage of the program, who prompted the enhance-
ment of blood administration and statistics collection ar-
eas. After four stages of implementation, there is now a
quality program for handling blood products, guided by
the most modern protocols and procedures in terms of
safety and quality.
ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH

AFRICA

Argentine Cooperation with Africa has


consolidated in the last decades, increasing its
scope and strengthening bilateral ties in areas of
Agribusiness, Technological Innovation and
Human Rights.
TUNISIA
MOROCCO
ARGELIA
EGYPT

SENEGAL

IVORY COAST NIGERIA ETHIOPIA


CAMEROON
KENYA
RWANDA

ANGOLA

BOTSWANA MOZAMBIQUE

SOUTH AFRICA

ARGENTINA

TOTAL OF PROJECTS 29 NUMBER OF EXPERTS 155 DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH


MODALITY
TRANSFERRED KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE

24 BILATERAL

4
975
TRIANGULAR

1 REGIONAL
SEMINAR
92 63
ARGENTINEAN AFRICANS
72 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ANGOLA

TRAINING OF AUDITORS ON
INDUSTRIAL, SCIENTIFIC AND LEGAL
METROLOGY

Legal metrology is a brunch of metrology that seeks to en-


sure measurements related to law and trade, the protec-
tion of consumers, the environment and society in general. DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
In Argentina, the INTI is the official body responsible of KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 64
activities related to legal metrology.
From the relationship between INTI and the Angolan
Institute for Standardization and Quality (IANORQ), be-
tween 2014 and 2018, a project called “Training of Audi- TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 15
tors on Industrial, Scientific and Legal Metrology” was im- 7 ARGENTINEAN 8 ANGOLAN
plemented. The IANORQ is in charge of the development
of a National Quality System through activities on stan-
dardization, validation of compliance (certification, inspec-
tion, assays and calibrations), certification and metrology. The National Industrial Technology
The project’s goal consisted in collaborating with the
organization of the metrological control in Angolan terri- Institute (INTI) has improved the
tory, supporting the elaboration of a proposal for metrol- productivity of Angola’s SMEs through the
ogy technical regulation of non-automatic weighing instru-
ments and the carry out verifications instead of installing
development of business management
measuring instruments. and marketing technologies
This project strengthened the field of legal metrology
control performed on measuring instruments in Angola
and the development of a scientific-industrial metrology
carried out in IANORQ.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH AFRICA 73

EGYPT

DEVELOPMENT OF QUINOA
GROWING

Agriculture plays a central role in Egyptian economy as it rep-


resents the greatest source of employment, accounting for
34% of the labor force. The main challenges this sector is fac-
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
ing are water scarcity and stress conditions (salinity, droughts, KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 87
and high temperatures), which is exacerbated in marginal
lands and produces a strong impact in the socio-economic
properties of such areas. Over the last years, salinity has in-
creasingly affected great extension of agricultural land, which TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 14
has significantly reduced agricultural production. 9 ARGENTINEAN 5 EGYPTIAN
In this context, and in view of the need to find an alterna-
tive solution that allows agriculture producers to productively
use their lands, one of the more practical options to over-
come this problem has emerged through the introduction of Argentina supported agricultural
non-traditional and multi-potential crops highly adapted to
the agriculture system. Among the species suitable for this development and food security in Egypt
context, quinoa is one of the crops that can tolerate saline by introducing quinoa for the first time
soils and is resistant to lack of water. It requires less tillage
compared to other crops and it could be grown both sea in marginal areas of the country
level and mountain areas. Due to these characteristics, qui-
noa is a significant crop in a context that requires addressing
the difficulties imposed by climate change.
In this framework, a project called Production of Qui-
noa in Marginal Areas was carried out and coordinated and cant agriculture yields. This result makes quinoa a cereal
financed by FO.AR and implemented between the National capable of being grown in strongly salinized soils, such as
University of Tucuman, the foundation Fundación Miguel Lillo, Sah El Tina, Al-Fayoum, Farafra, Siwa, Dandara and Sadat
the INTA and Ain Shams University of Cairo. The project City, among others.
used quinoa as a catalyst capable of increasing income of In addition, seven workshops were held (four in Cairo,
small land owners in the project target area (the Fayoum oa- two in Al-Fayoum and one in Dandara) for technicians and
sis), through the application of a technical recommendation scientific researchers as well as small producers and private
package that takes into account the conditions in Egypt for companies. In 2015 and 2016, quinoa was grown for the first
the production of this crop in marginal lands and post-pro- time in Al-Fayoum and was grown again in 2016 and 2017.
duction processes. This has allowed the reaching of small producers and, above
A total of six missions were carried out, two of which all, it allowed the generation of seeds for future crops. The
took place in Argentina and who implied the transfer of nine most relevant outcome of this project was the confirmation
national experts and five Tunisian experts. In April 2017, the that quinoa is capable of growing in an environment without
last project mission took place in Cairo, Dandara and Nu- competing with other crops in the area. Moreover, an out-
weiba, and a total of eighty-seven days of knowledge sharing standing part of this experience was the presentation of the
were completed as part of the South-South Cooperation. results obtained in Al-Fayoum at a scientific congress in Dubai
Among the achieved outcomes, it is worth mention- (International Quinoa Conference) in which both Argentine
ing the performance of assays of certain quinoa varieties, and Egyptian researchers participated.
which, in different levels of adaptation, have shown signifi-
74 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

MOROCCO DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH


KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 71

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 13
6 ARGENTINEAN 7 MOROCCAN
PRODUCTION BY FERMENTATION OF
MICROBIAL STRAINS USABLE IN THE
AGRI-FOOD INDUSTRY
The National Industrial Technology Institute
This project emerged in the context of a 2013-2015 Ac- (INTI) contributed to the development
tion Plan of Argentine Cooperation with Africa and was
developed under the Productive Technological Innovation, of the Moroccan food industry through
in the area of biotechnology, focused on the food industry. the transfer of technologies applied to
Food security is one of the main goals in Morocco’s
agriculture policies. Food insecurity, reproduced through a
productive processes in the dairy sector
preference for the consumption of traditionally prepared
food, specially fermented food, is a limiting element for
the economic, political and social evolution. Traditionally
elaborated food poses a greater risk to health due to the
presence of pathogenic micro-organisms or microbial
toxins. This risk can effectively be reduced with adequate
techniques, respecting hygiene regulations and good man-
ufacturing practices.
In this sense, with the aim of contributing to the devel-
opment of the agro-food industry and reducing the health
risks through the improvement of consumed food, INTI
experts, the Scientific and Technical School of Tangier, and
the Hassan II Science Academy in Morocco elaborated a
cooperation project executed in 2013-2017.
This exchange was focused on the implementation
of fermentation technologies at different scales, such as
micro-organism isolation (yeast and bacteria) of Moroccan
traditional foods and the subsequent selection of those
which produced active substances and improve the quality
and stability of diary and meat food. Isolated micro-organ-
isms were identified and characterized through modern
and reliable techniques and were preserved in a collection
of cultures held by participants.
Through the execution of this project, the work fo-
cused on obtaining the following outcomes: diagnosis of
the situation in Moroccan laboratories and companies
working in the food industry and the creation of a joint
bilateral work team; isolation, identification and character-
ization of micro-organisms useful for the project devel-
opment; scale cultivation and the production of biomass
from selected micro-organisms capable of being used in and achievements generated from this exchange, a second
the Moroccan industry, and the technological transfer phase was scheduled for this project once the laboratory
through the consolidation of a support unit for microbial of the Hassan II Science Academy acquires the bioreactor
strain fermentation at productive scale. Due to the scope needed to continue the foreseen technical capacities.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH AFRICA 75

MOZAMBIQUE

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

Implemented between 2014 and 2018, this project aimed


at strengthening the capacities of the Mozambique Water
Research Institute, through the training of professionals,
specialized in water resources.
The organizations in charge of water management in
Mozambique defined the need to create an institute de-
voted to research and training of professionals on priority
topics related to the water sector of the country. In this
way, the Water Research Institute of Mozambique was cre-
ated, an organization in development and which requested
technical assistance to enhance its institutional growth, in DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
conformity with previously signed agreements.
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 92
In this regard, the need to reinforce the education of
professionals and technicians of different water organiza-
tions became more evident, and both situations ended in
the request for collaboration to the Argentine government
and institutions, in this case the National Water Institute Local professionals were trained in areas of
(INA), to fulfill such demand. The INA is an institute with Integral Management of Water Resources,
forty years of - experience in basic applied research, techni-
cal assistance to national and international organizations and Management of Water in Arid Zones
the training of national and foreign professional, on different and Use of Wastewater for Irrigation
topics related to water resources.
The project’s activities included visits to Argentina of the
technical staff from Mozambique institutions, exchange and
virtual training and activities in Mozambique by INA staff in
order to cover the on-site training.
For the institutional and human resources training,
short-term courses, visits or internships, long-distance
communications and exchange of ideas were carried out.
The thematic areas ranged from comprehensive manage-
ment of water resources, water administration in dry
areas, utilization of waste water for irrigation, strategies
of community participation in water management, infor-
mation systems and hydrological alert for floods, environ-
mental impact assessment, and social evaluation of project
for water management.
76 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

NIGERIA

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL
SKILLS AND CAPACITIES TO IMPROVE
BEEF CATTLE PRODCUTION IN NIGERIA

Nigerian livestock involves a great variety of production


systems, from nomadic pastoralism with scarce technolo-
gy use to feedlot systems with high incorporation of tech-
nology. With the aim of improving meat production, the
Nigerian authorities were interested in promoting systems
that allowed higher yields per hectare. Based on such in-
terest, a cooperation project was designed, in which INTA
participates, and that aims at transferring knowledge on
livestock production technologies and the elaboration of
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
protocols to improve competitiveness of the Nigerian ani- KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 22
mal production chain.
The INTA has a longstanding reputation in the creation
and transfer of technology related to meat and milk pro-
Professionals of the National Institute
duction, and the improvement of value with an environ-
mentally friendly policy for different production systems. of Agricultural Technology (INTA) work
The main demands were focused on requesting support together with the Nigerian National
to improve pastureland production and utilization, fodder
conservation, electrical wiring utilization, restoration of Institute for Animal Research to
degraded soil reproductive and reproductive and sanitary incorporate new livestock production
management of its bovine herd.
technologies and improve the
competitiveness of local farmers
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH AFRICA 77

SOUTH AFRICA

STRENGTHENING TECHNICAL
CAPACITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE GRAIN
PRODUCTION

After launching the 2016-2019 Plan of Argentine Coop-


eration with Africa, it was decided to start the first public-
private cooperation with South Africa, in the framework
of FO.AR, in the African continent. Therefore, a part-
ner scheme was used taking as a background model the
scheme in force since 2011 used between INTA, the Ar-
gentine Chamber of Agriculture Machinery Manufacturers In some intervention areas of the project (Middelburg,
(CAFMA), the Center for Technological Research and De- Nigel, Reitz), there has been a 40% adoption of the direct
velopment (CIDETER) and the South African consortium planting productive system, achieving better crop yields
of companies GRAIN SA. Since 2011, such stakeholders with less supplies. Based on the implementation of the
have subscribed successive three-year agreements, in project, and due to the collection of data from experi-
which it is stipulated the testing of planting in demonstra- mental fields, it was proved that the use of such technol-
tion plots under the Argentine system of sustainable agri- ogy produces a 30% increase in maize yield and 15% of
culture (direct planting). The ultimate goal is the transfer soybean yield, with a 24.5% of cost reduction, in addition
of Argentine technology to South African producers. to soil and water preservation.
Since 2016, the continuity of cooperation activities
was promoted between the aforementioned actors, pro-
posing the inclusion of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and
Worship —through FO.AR— in the project’s activities. In
addition, the incorporation of the Agricultural Research
Council (ARC) and the University of Pretoria (UP) was
also achieved due to the intervention of the South African
counterpart.
The INTA, through its technical teams in the experi- Technicians from the National Institute
mental stations of Manfredi and Marcos Juarez, provides of Agricultural Technology (INTA)
the technical know-how related to the Argentine system
of direct planting. At the same time, in coordination with carried out more than 10 missions to
the CIDETER and CAFMA, machinery is being adapted to South Africa to promote sustainable
South African conditions. GRAIN SA provided the fields in
which the tests were carried out, and simultaneously, per-
grain production through the Argentine
formed the necessary studies to process the information technique of “direct seeding”
collected from them. Each of the selected fields had spe-
cific financing for these activities and a team of researchers
devoted to data collection.
With the aim of disseminating the results obtained in
experimental fields, a methodology was adopted to have
dynamic exhibitions (Farmer´s Days) in plots owned by
producers in the Argentine system and the technological
package associated.
78 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

AFRICAN SCHOOL OF HUMANITARIAN The goal of the course consisted in training special-
FORENSIC ACTION ists from African countries in the application of different
forensic disciplines in the process of documentation and
investigation of human rights’ violations in their countries
The Argentine experience of identifying human remains of origin. At the same time, a network of African human
of people who disappeared in the country during the last rights advocates and forensic experts was developed to
military dictatorship has become a very valuable tool in improve, through a dialogue, the quality of services pro-
the support provided to forensic capacities in the African vided to victims and families, especially in the identification
continent. Since 1994, the EAAF has been working in the of human bodies, the creation of genetic banks and, in
region training and coaching forensic experts, lawyers, at- general, to improve justice administration.
torneys and civil society organizations in issues regarding Since August 2016, when the Fifth Training Course for
human right violations. Multidisciplinary actions have facili- African Forensic Specialists was conducted, the FO.AR has
tated the investigation process of specialists and physicians been collaborating with the financing of this initiative, and
within local forensic systems. In that spirit, the EAAF has along with the International Committee of the Red Cross
worked in the following countries: South Africa, Namibia, (ICRC), the University of Pretoria and the Argentine Em-
Zimbabwe, Kenya, Togo, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Bu- bassy in South Africa, it started supporting the building of
rundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Morocco, Libya and Algeria. regional schools organized by the EAAF.
With the aim of strengthening capacities and the in- In this way, from 2013 to 2018, more than fifteen
stitutional coordination at the regional level, in November countries and more than fifty professionals have partici-
2011, the EAAF organized a regional conference in Jo- pated in the training courses in 2016-2018. This regional
hannesburg that set the basis of a specialization network school had its sixth edition in November 2018, when the
which resulted in the First Course of the African School of EAAF and the ICRC provided training, over three weeks,
Humanitarian Forensic Action, in Durban in 2012. on the handling of dead bodies in disaster situations, com-
plex criminal scenes, the exhumation of graves, ante mor-
tem data collection, anthropological analysis of skeletal
remains, multidisciplinary processes of identification, and
applications and limitations of forensic genetics. The con-
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH duction of training courses and its maintenance over time
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 188 are the evidence of the acknowledgment of countries of
the region to the work done by EAAF and the Argentine
experience on the right to identity, the pursuit of justice
and reparations to victims. It is expected that the EAAF
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 42 and the ICRC inaugurate a new regional school in the
North of Africa in November 2019.
38 ARGENTINEAN 4 SOUTH AFRICAN
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH AFRICA 79

TUNISIA

PROMOTION OF VALUE CHAINS FOR


THE TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT OF
SILIANA

In the context of the cooperation modalities established with


Tunisia and through triangular cooperation, Argentina devel-
oped technical missions to add abilities on handling small ru-
minants to a comprehensive development program for the
Siliana region, financed by the International Agriculture Devel-
opment Fund (FIDA).
One of the pillars for the sustainability of production sys-
tems and local communities in arid and semi-arid zones is the
presence of an animal genetically adapted to these extreme
conditions. Therefore, through this initiative the aim is to im-
prove the capacities of regional representatives to support
the innovation process of production systems, the conserva-
tion of genetic resources and the value added to sheep and
goat production chains. On the one hand, the plan of action is intended for offi-
So far, Argentina has sent two technical missions to Tu- cials, professionals and technicians from different governmen-
nisia through which INTA technicians performed a diagnosis tal organizations, academic institutions and research centers,
of the state of the value chains of goat and sheep meat pro- and on the other hand, for small sheep and goat produc-
duction. This allowed for the identification of areas in which ers with small pasture land and limited land surface. From
training will be provided and, finally, a propositional docu- this triangular experience, it is expected that professionals
ment was elaborated containing the expected results to ad- be trained on conservation processes and genetic improve-
dress the triangular cooperation in Siliana. This is a plan of ment of local sheep and goat breeds and the added value
action developed by INTA for the project called “Promotion to their products; that interdisciplinary and inter-institution
of Value Chains for the Territorial Development of Siliana” teams work on preserving and improving local breeds; and
(PROFITS). With this plan, Argentina, by means of the INTA, that training is provided to these teams on the added value of
provides technical expertise to contribute in the develop- sheep and goat products.
ment of goat production in the region, collaborating with the
improvement of the capacities from the Ministry of Agricul-
ture, Water Resources and Fishery in such region. TOTAL OF PROJECTS
The joint implementation of projects
that range from agricultural production PROJECTS
and biotechnology to social development
and human rights converts Tunisia in
the largest South-South partner of
BILATERAL TRIANGULAR
Argentina in North Africa PROJECTS UNDER
EXECUTION
PROJECTS UNDER
EXECUTION
ARGENTINE
COOPERATION WITH

ASIA
Argentine Cooperation with Asia, Oceania and
Eastern Europe has deepened in recent years.
Projects are carried out in twelve countries on topics
of Agribusiness and Food Security; Justice, Human
Rights and Public Management, and seek to
promote technology-exchange, private sector
involvement and training of argentine officials and
professionals through bilateral scholarship programs.
MONGOLIA
ARMENIA JAPAN
SOUTH KOREA
PALESTINE CHINA
INDIA VIETNAM
THAILAND
PHILIPPINES
SINGAPORE

AUSTRALIA

ARGENTINA

TOTAL OF PROJECTS 26 NUMBER OF EXPERTS


327 DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
TRANSFERRED KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
MODALITY

26 BILATERAL

3
INTERNATIONAL
2
PRIVATE-PULIC
1072
161 166
SEMINARS

ARGENTINEAN ASIAN
82 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ARMENIA

3
STRENGTHENING THE AGRARIAN
TOTAL OF PROJECTS EXTENSION THROUGH PROCESSES OF
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
MODALITY
As a result of an identification exploratory mission car-

3 BILATERAL
ried out by INTA technicians, in 2015-2017, the first bilateral
cooperation project with the agro-industrial sector of the
Republic of Armenia was developed.
The project aimed at reinforcing the technical capacities
of Armenian agricultural professionals for rural extension

2 PUBLIC-PRIVATE
and improvement of productive yields, in the framework
of the 2020 Agricultural and Stockbreeding Plan by the Ar-
menian Ministry of Agriculture. During its execution, work-
shops were conducted for Armenian producers, extension
workers and officials; there were visits to the INTA experi-
mental stations in the Provinces of San Juan and Mendoza
NUMBER OF EXPERTS
26
(training sessions on the extension system were performed
in the system held by INTA in the Argentine territory), and
TRANSFERRED workshops on the use of agricultural machinery for family
agriculture were organized.
Moreover, the lessons learned on Argentine coopera-
tives were disseminated as a model of sustainable agricul-
ture production, exchanges on good practices were carried
out among small producers, and a joint document was writ-
ten with recommendations to support the 2020 Agricul-
ture and Livestock Plan.

17 9
Among the characteristics of the Argentine agriculture
extension system, the Armenian counterpart expressed
their interest in the close relationship between INTA and
ARGENTINEAN ARMENIAN
small and medium-size producers in the field of technical
agricultural assistance. On that basis, and considering the
network of Regional Agricultural Support Centers that the
Armenian Ministry of Agriculture had developed through-
out its territory, the parties agreed that, in a future coop-
DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
91
eration project, they will exclusively work on institutional,
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE technical and productive strengthening of one of those cen-
ters, where the yields of Argentine agriculture technology
and productive models could be observed.
With the aim of continuing and sustaining bilateral co-
operation, in November 2017, a press event was held in the
General Union of Armenian Charity (UGAB) in the City of
Buenos Aires, an opportunity in which business people and
civil society organizations had the chance to get to know the
agricultural development prospects in Armenia, as well as to
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 83

create private-public partnering synergies for the develop-


ment of a bilateral technical cooperation.
Along these lines, one of the outstanding results of the
project is the multi-stakeholder partnership with the private
sector through UGAB, which actively participates in the im-
plementation of new cooperation strategies for the agricul-
tural development of the Republic of Armenia.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
27
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 6
4 ARGENTINEAN 2 ARMENIAN
84 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

STRENGTHENING SPANISH LANGUAGE


EDUCATION

In 2018, a bilateral technical cooperation project called


“Strengthening of Spanish Language Education in the
Republic of Armenia” began. The project involves the
exchange of good practices between the Spanish De-
partment of the Brusov University and the Language
Laboratory of the School of Philosophy and Literature
in the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). The aim is
to strengthen institutional capacities of authorities and
teachers of the Brusov University to teach Spanish as
first and second language. One of the most important
goals is to contribute to the development of didactic and
grammatical content for the elaboration of a primary
school manual in Spanish and Armenian.
To this end, 50% of the Spanish teacher from Brusov
University have been selected to take virtual courses un-
der the Training Program on Spanish Teaching as Second development of locally designed, specific material will cre-
and Foreign Language (Programa ELSE), in charge of the ate more accessibility and facilitate the learning process
LANGUAGE laboratory. In addition, workshops, mas- of students and the teaching process in the classroom. In
ter classes and conferences for Armenian teachers and terms of content, the didactic and grammatical content to
students were held and a certification with international be included in the manual has been decided and the first
validity, the Spanish Certificate Examination on Language sample is already designed.
and Use (CELU) was promoted. An additional aspect of this project is the strengthening
One of the most interesting aspects of the project is of the Language Laboratory of the School of Philosophy
its contribution to the elaboration of a teaching manual and Literature at the UBA in terms of contrastive teaching
in Spanish and Armenian. In this regard, the project will of Russian, Armenian and Spanish, this being a two-way
have a great impact if we consider that today the Brusov cooperation experience with the Republic of Armenia.
University only has a Spanish-Russian bibliography. The In the economic field, the project strengthens the pro-
fessionalization tools in universities, and, therefore, con-
tributes to creating better opportunities for students to
The Language Laboratory of the enter the labor market. In this regard, the CELU interna-
University of Buenos Aires and the State tional certification is a tool to expand the employment
opportunities of young people.
University of Languages and Social
Sciences of Brusov work together to
strengthen Spanish teaching in Armenia
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 85

PHILIPPINES

Experts of the Secretariat of


Agribusiness enhanced food TOTAL OF PROJECTS 3
security in Philippines through
MODALITY
human resources training and
technology-transfer in organic 3
agriculture and dairy production

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 27

23
ARGENTINEAN
4
PHILIPPINE

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 117
86 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

INSTITUTIONAL AND HUMAN RESORUCE visits to laboratories in which the biological products were
STRENGTHENING FOR PLAGUE AND developed for both handling phytosanitary adversities and
PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT TO ENSURE vegetable fertilization.
FOOD SECURITY The visit of Filipino technicians to Argentine institu-
tions, companies and producers allowed the presenta-
tion of a broad overview of the production, regulation,
Vegetable production in the Philippines is a significant monitoring and research carried out in Argentina. The
source of income for 1.6 million low-income producers SENASA informed the Filipino professionals of its work
whose annual average family income is $3,146 USD. With regarding safety control of food of plant origin consumed
the aim of minimizing the use of pesticides and improving in the country. Through these meetings with SENASA
the integrated management of plagues in vegetable pro- officials and technical staff, information was provided on
duction —with focus on tomatoes—, in 2013, a project the National Sanitary Record of Agricultural Producers
was launched, called “Capacity Building and Knowledge (RENSPA), the Program on Waste Control, Pollutants
Exchange on Plague and Pesticide Management to Ensure and Hygiene of Food of Plant Origin and Feed (CREHA
Food Security and Safety in Philippines and Argentina.” Vegetal) and the work of its Vegetable Laboratory. In this
The initiative was jointly implemented by INTA, SENASA latter body, the Philippine delegation could observe how
and the Philippine Council for Research and Development the analysis of waste pollutants of plant products is done.
in Agriculture, Fishery and Natural Resources. As result of the project execution, an exchange of
Through the five missions, which meant a total of fifty good practices was achieved in term of integrated man-
three days of South-South knowledge exchange, Filipino agement of plagues in the vegetable production, the trans-
technicians were trained in terms of regulation and safety fer of techniques to reduce the use of traditional pesti-
control in products of plant origin, by means of different cides and the transfer of regulations and plague control.

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 53

TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 13
11 ARGENTINEAN 2 PHILIPPINE
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 87

MONGOLIA

STRENGTHENING SANITATION AND


LIVESTOCK MATTERS

Nowadays, Mongolia (2017 census) has 364,000 livestock


producers and 66.2 million head of livestock (sheep, goat,
cattle, horses, yaks and camelids), and to that figure it
should be added the amount of estimated newly born
for this year (18 million), which will total 84 million head.
Intensive production of livestock is located around three
big cities (Ulan Bator, Erdenet and Darhan) and is concen-
trated in 2,500 farms dedicated mainly to the production
of meat and milk that include a total of a million animals.
The government of Mongolia has decided to priori-
tize the quality of meat produced over the quantity pro-
duced and, based on that, they are setting their goals.
One of them is to maintain the current animal load, with
an improvement of pasture and water supplies. At the
same time, it aims at improving the quality of processing
plants, mainly through grants or loans at a very low inter-
est rate. One of the main axis of this strategy consists
in improving the control of infectious animal diseases, in
particular foot-and-mouth disease, and the characteristics
and control strategies of the outbreaks in Mongolian ter-
ritory. The main infectious diseases affecting livestock in
the country are foot-to-mouth disease (FMD), peste des
petits ruminants (PPR) and sheep and goat pox.
In this framework, on June 25-29, 2018, SENASA and
INTA staff visited officials of the Ministry of Food, Agricul-
ture and Industry (MOFALI) of Mongolia, with the aim of
analyzing measures to control infectious animal diseases, Professionals of the National Institute of
in particular the foot-to-mouth disease, and the charac- Agricultural Technology (INTA) and the
teristics and control strategies of outbreaks occurred in
order to improve the livestock in the next years. National Agrifood Health and Quality
The main collaboration interests with Argentina are (SENASA) work on foot-and-mouth
based on the development of capacities to carry out cell
cultivation and serological tests for foot-to-mouth disease,
disease prevention and strengthening
and on obtaining the official recognition of the World Or- of the cattle value chain of Mongolia
ganization for Animal Health (OIE) as a disease free zone
with vaccination in the country. This zone includes five
provinces and implies the regionalization of the territory,
the implementation of systematic vaccination campaigns,
the control of livestock movement, and the elaboration of
a sampling strategy based on risk, to estimate viral circula-
tion and to make a more efficient use of resources.
88 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

PALESTINE

GENETIC IMPROVEMENT OF SMALL


RUMINANTS

On August 27-30, 2018, the first stage of the project was


developed to improve small ruminant genetics in Palestine,
which aims at enhancing the meat and milk production in
the country.
Through the visit of six Argentine experts from the
University of Buenos Aires School of Agronomy to the
cities of Jenin, Ramallah and Hebron, Palestinian experts
from the Ministry of Agriculture were trained on the ge-
netic enhancement and production-assisted techniques, and
they received technical assistance for the development of a
genetic improvement program focused on increasing milk
production and the animal selection technique.
Activities included practices on sperm freezing in or-
der to review the protocol used and improve the tech-
niques, an essential element for the enhancement program
through centralized nuclei expected to be implemented
by the Ministry of Agriculture of Palestine. This program
sought to increase milk production through assisted re-
production techniques aimed at increasing the twin birth
rate. In this area, technical assistance will be provided for
the development of specialized centers that concentrate
the process of improvement and animal selection. From
these nuclei, there will be a transfer of small genetically
improved live animals, or the distribution of frozen sperm The School of Agronomy of the University of
to small producers. Buenos Aires carried out the first bilateral
In addition, a workshop on genetic improvement was
held at the Ministry of Agriculture in Ramallah, where more cooperation initiative with Palestine,
than thirty officials attended. Another was held on com- contributing to the genetic improvement
munity programs of genetic improvement.
In the city of Hebron, Argentine experts visited the Tech-
of dairy production and breeding
nical University and met with local scholars to talk about
animal production. Later, they visited four rural facilities in
Bethlehem, dedicated to small ruminant breeding (sheep and
goats). At these encounters, they could explore the main is-
sues affecting them, mainly the environmental limitations (ac-
cess to water and quality forage for animal feeding). A partir de los intercambios técnicos, se espera contri-
From these technical exchanges, Argentina expects to buir al programa de mejoramiento genético de Palestina,
contribute to the genetic improvement program of Pales- de acuerdo a estándares internacionales, con el objetivo
tine in compliance with international standards, with the aim de asistir a pequeños campesinos, los cuales representan
of assisting small farmers, who account for approximately aproximadamente el 85% de la producción local de cabras
85% of the local sheep and goat production. y ovejas.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 89

SINGAPORE

“SMART NATIONS” INITIATIVE

In the framework of the Memorandum of Understanding


for triangular cooperation activities and joint courses for
third countries between the Argentine Republic and Singa-
pore, from February 27th to March 3rd, the seminar Smart
Nation Initiatives was held. This is the first joint initiative
between the General Directorate of International Coop-
eration (DGCIN) under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Worship of the Argentine Republic and the Directorate of
Technical Cooperation under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
of Singapore. The initiative had twenty-two officials from
the some ASEN countries (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia,
Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam), Buenos Aires, and it will be conducted by experts from the
and some invited officials from Timor-Leste. It supports the Ministry of Modernization and Singaporean experts and is
construction of a government that is transparent, innovative intended for the Latin American region.
and receptive for the 21st century that focuses on social Finally, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from Argentina,
inclusion and ensures universal access to new technologies. along with the Airport Security Police (PSA) and the Na-
The Lew Kwan Yew School of Public Policy, under the tional Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC), is currently working
National University of Singapore, and the Argentine Ministry with Singapore in an aviation cybersecurity initiative —an
of Modernization are the technical partners in charge of area where Singapore is leader at global level—, with the
conducting the course and teaching the content, including aim of conducting a workshop for professionals and techni-
subjects on which Argentina has proven capacities, such as cians from Argentine organizations and airline operators, in
digital citizen services, one-stop programs and programs for Buenos Aires in May 2019.
digital inclusion of citizens.
In this first edition, different aspects were addressed in
terms of technology and innovation, in particular the use of
technology in governmental areas, infrastructure and public
services, an issue of strategic relevance for both countries.
The experience of Singapore in the development of Smart
Nation was presented, along with the driving forces behind
the initiative. Additionally, a perspective was shared on how Together with Singapore, the “Smart
to facilitate effective collaboration among governmental
organizations, experts and private sector stakeholders, to Nations” initiative gave Argentina the
implement comprehensive management solutions, advanc- opportunity to share its experience
ing toward the concept of smart nation. The second edition
of this joint training will be held on April 22-26, 2019, in
in areas of governance and digital
inclusion with officials from nine
countries of ASEAN and East Timor
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 26
3 ARGENTINEAN 23 ASEAN EXPERTS
90 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

VIETNAM

With the broader and more


diversified agenda in Asia, Vietnam TOTAL OF PROJECTS 8
is the main South-South partner of
Argentina in the region MODALITY

7 BILATERAL

1 REGIONAL
SEMINAR

NUMBER OF EXPERTS
TRANSFERRED 115

65
ARGENTINEAN
50
VIETNAMESE
6
FOREIGN

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 490
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 91

PRODUCTION OF HIGH-YIELD SOY

This project was developed in 2014-2017 and sought


to increase the production of soy and the resistance to
phytopathologies in Vietnam, through the incorporation
of advanced agriculture techniques of genetic mutation,
marker-assisted selection, and the germplasm enrichment.
During its implementation, carried out by INTA and the
Hanoi Agricultural Institute (AGI) under the Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) in Vietnam, a
total of missions were undertaken, three of which implied
the transfer of Argentine experts to Vietnam, and two
that implied the reception of Vietnamese specialists.
Among the main project activities, it is worth men-
tioning the training and coaching of Vietnamese experts was incorporated. It is worth mentioning that along this
on inoculation techniques, crop management, detection project the counterpart demonstrated enthusiasm and ac-
of genetically modified organism (GMO), soybean ge- tive participation.
netic transformation through Agrobacterium and genetic The project exceeded the originally expected results
reproduction through genome editing. In addition, both and led to the certification of a laboratory for GMO de-
countries exchanged soy genetic material: Argentina of- tection in Vietnam AGI, based on the training conducted
fered advanced reproductive lines (GMO and non-GMO) by INTA, both in Argentina and Vietnam. Such certifica-
with potential adaptation to the Vietnam environment, tion was a necessary step for the deregulation of trans-
and genotype of marker-assisted selection; and Vietnam genic organisms in Vietnam.
provided germplasm lines with interesting features for the In the future, and with the aim of continuing with the
INTA enhancement programs. Lastly, inoculation experi- bilateral cooperation, we expect to advance in actions of
ments were also performed in the field. germplasm exchange, the genetic characterization of a
Due to this initiative, one of the achievement was the bank of soybean varieties and the treatment of seeds with
identification of the beneficial impacts of the application inoculants and fungicides.
of tested technologies for seed inoculation and the appli-
cation of fungicides. Moreover, the concept of biological
inoculant for soy fertilization from atmospheric nitrogen

DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH The National Institute of Agricultural


KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 65 Technology (INTA) contributed to the
genetic improvement of soybeans in
Vietnam, increasing productivity and
TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 12
strengthening disease-resistance of the crop
6 ARGENTINEAN 6 VIETNAMESE
92 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHENING
FOR THE PREVENTION AND GRADUAL
ERADICATION OF FOOT-AND-MOUTH
DISEASE

The goal of this project was to contribute to the efforts


by the government of Vietnam for the eradication of foot-
to-mouth disease (FMD). This zoonotic viral disease, highly
contagious, attacks clove-hoofed animals, such as cattle,
sheep, goats, etc. It causes economic loss for agricultural
producers, as animals do not meet the adequate weight.
The losses also affect the country as a whole, as the most
important and cost-effective meat markets at global level
are the ones of the FMD-free chain.
After having started a control plan and the gradual
eradication of FMD, the Vietnamese government required
counseling to deepen their knowledge in the field and
strengthen professional training in order to improve the
strategies. The joint work done by professionals form
the Ministry of Agriculture of Vietnam and the colleagues
from SENASA, with vast experience on the matter, was
focused on cooperation in that direction.
During the four implementing stages, which implied DAYS OF SOUTH-SOUTH
the transfer of fourteen experts (eight Argentinians and
six Vietnamese) for forty-five days, the specialists from
KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE 45
SENASA analyzed the FMD epidemiological situation in
Vietnam and contribute to define strategies for its control
and eradication. The proposed lines of work consisted in TRANSFERRED EXPERTS 14
increasing the experience on vaccination control carried 6
8 ARGENTINEAN VIETNAMESE
out from local strains to ensure good quality.
The initiative included activities to strengthen the ca-
pacities for diagnosis in Vietnamese laboratories (NAVET-
CO-RAHO) and the training of Vietnamese experts on
laboratory techniques and disease detection mechanisms.
It allowed the advancement in the selection of vaccine and
field strains for the development of adequate vaccines to
prevent FMD in swine and bovine animals.
ARGENTINE COOPERATION WITH ASIA 93

REGIONAL WORKSHOP OF TECHNICAL


COOPERATION ON AGRO-INDUSTRY

On July 30-31, 2018, in the city of Hanoi, the Regional Work- TOTAL EXPERTS
PARTICIPANTS OF THE WORKSHOP
shop of Technical Cooperation on Agro-Industry took place
and it was jointly organized by Argentina and Vietnam. The
purpose was to present and disseminate the results of the
bilateral cooperation projects developed in the last years un-
der FO.AR, in the field of animal feeding, post-harvest tech-
nology, plant health, FMD control and plan biotechnology.
There were more than sixty officials from the Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam, the Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Science and Technology and
the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Other attendees included
members of the universities. The speakers of this workshop
were Argentine experts from INTA and SENASA, and re-
presentatives of the following invited countries: Cambodia,
Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Afghanistan and Mongolia. CAMBODIA

The representatives from those countries discussed the


agricultural situation of their countries, the cooperation ex-
periences with Argentina and other partners, as well as the AFGHANISTAN
need and potential cooperation areas in the future. After
the presentations, attendees participated in working groups
where experts discussed on the potential lines of work in PHILIPPINES
the future.
The activity enabled the identification of new areas for
agricultural technical cooperation based on the need and
capacities of all participating countries, especially in the fo-
llowing areas: technology to enhance rice crop resistance, The Workshop identified new agricultural
improve soy production, technology development for milk
production and cooperation in tropical fruits. cooperation areas based on the needs and
The workshop represented the closing of agriculture capabilities of all participating countries,
cooperation projects and the opening of a new stage based
on the experiences and lessons learned that will be orien- especially in terms of crop resistance, dairy
ted to bilateral actions towards specific goals, in an attempt production and tropical fruit growing
to consolidate cooperation portfolios and programs aligned
with new technologies applied to agro-industry and aimed at
achieving food security.
The importance of this workshop lies in the fact that it
was a tool for strengthening the bilateral relation with Viet-
nam on a key area for both countries, the agriculture, and gentina as leader in the field of technical cooperation, which
it promoted the continuation of the technical cooperation will enable the country, through bilateral and triangular coo-
between these countries, which started in 1998. It was also peration, to strengthen capacities in agro-industry, with the
important for the region, as it allowed the positioning of Ar- aim of promoting food security in the countries involved.
ARGENTINE
MULTILATERAL
COOPERATION
UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM

MERCOSUR

IBERO-AMERICAN GENERAL
SECRETARIAT (SEGIB)

ORGANIZATION OF THE
AMERICAN STATES

FORUM FOR EAST ASIA-LATIN


AMERICA COOPERATION (FEALAC)

EUROPEAN UNION

G20
96 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ARGENTINE MULTILATERAL On this basis, the DGCIN:


COOPERATION
• Implements cooperative projects with
funds, programs and agencies of the
Historically, Argentina has encouraged the creation of fair United Nations System, such as FAO,
and democratic multilateralism within which developing PAHO/WHO, UNICEF, UNAIDS and
countries have an increasing participation and interven- the Perez-Guerrero Trust Fund
tion in decisions affecting global governance. Along these
lines, our multilateral cooperation focuses on establish- • Develops initiatives inside different
ing the country as an active and constructive member of spaces for regional and inter-regional
the international community, capable of leading proposals integration, most notably MERCOSUR,
and undertaking commitments not only in the creation SEGIB, OAS and FOCALAE.
of consensus, but also in the implementation of initiatives
on the ground. Under this premise, the DGCIN is ac- • Is a member of the Inter-Governmental
tively participating in all multilateral and regional spheres, Technical Committee of the Ibero-
considering them vital platforms to promote South-South American Program for the Strengthening
and Triangular Cooperation as they are valuable tools that of South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS),
allow the States to strengthen their capacities in order to where Argentina currently holds the role
achieve their own sustainable goals. of Executive Secretariat and host coun-
Argentina considers that joint work through South- try of the Technical Unit.?
South Cooperation and international and regional organi-
zations —through schemes of Triangular Cooperation—, • Designs the bilateral cooperative
is a mechanism to maximize the impact of cooperative strategy with the European Union in the
actions by adding the input provided by such stakeholders framework of the G20 Development
in terms of global presence, experience on local contexts Working Group.
and capacity to mobilize financial and technical resources.
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 97

UNITED NATIONS
SYSTEM
UNITED NATIONS ince of Chaco, where agricultural practices and strategies
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE were applied and presented as beneficial for the farming
ORGANIZATION (FAO) characteristics of the Central American Dry Corridor.
The seminar concluded with the elaboration of a project
per country, which were implemented on a second stage
through FO.AR.

CONABIA AS FAO REFERENCE CENTER:In 2014,


the Government of the Argentine Republic and FAO
signed an agreement by which the National Advisory
Commission on Agricultural Biotechnology (CONABIA)
was designated as a reference center on issues related
MAIN AREAS: to bio-security at an international level. Since then joint
• Food • Rural development • Food security • Bio- cooperative projects have been announced for the de-
energy • Agricultural production • Animal production velopment and management of aspects inherent to bio-
technology and strengthening institutional capacities in
PARTNER COUNTRIES: countries that require it. In this framework; seminars, ex-
Barbados • Ecuador • El Salvador • Guatemala •
Honduras • Nicaragua • Peru • Saint Lucia

The renowned Argentine experience on disciplines related


to the FAO mission such as; the promotion of plant and
animal health, food safety, fish farming development, man-
agement of plant and animal genetic resources, promotion
of agricultural businesses and policies for rural develop-
ment, among others, have allowed the consolidation of
a partnership to provide cooperation to third countries,
something that has grown over the last decades due to
the subscription of diverse instruments. The last agree-
ment, signed in 2009, aims to facilitate the transfer of
knowledge and technology to countries in Latin America
and the Caribbean, South East Asia, Africa and Eastern
Europe, in support of sustainable agricultural development
and the reduction of food insecurity. In this framework, di-
verse projects of Triangular Cooperation have taken place,
among which the following are the most notable:

PROGRAM FOR INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHEN-


ING IN THE CENTRAL AMERICAN DRY CORRIDOR:
Implemented with Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras and
El Salvador, the program consisted in carrying out di-
verse technical missions and a seminar conducted in our
country and coordinated by INTA experts. Two officials
from each Central American country participated, and
also participated in a field demonstration in the Prov-
98 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

changes and internships were carried out in Saint Lucia, PAN AMERICAN HEALTH
Ecuador and Peru. ORGANIZATION/WORLD
TRIANGULAR COOPERATION WITH BARBADOS:
HEALTH ORGANIZATION
A triangular cooperation initiative is currently taking (PAHO/WHO)
place in Barbados, with the aim of developing capacities
in fish silage, and the collection and analysis of data on
fish loss and waste. At the same time, a study will be
conducted on the production viability and use of fish
silage and other added-value products from fish waste,
in Barbados. Moreover, experts are considering the pos-
sibility of replicating the experience in other countries of
the region, once the activities are finished in Barbados.
MAIN AREAS:
• Public health • Strengthening information systems • In-
ternational health surveillance • Research • Publications •
Resources mobilization and partnerships • Cooperation
between developing countries

PARTNER COUNTRIES:
Antigua and Barbuda • Bahamas • Barbados • Belize •
Dominica • Grenada • Guyana • Haiti • Jamaica • St.
Kitts and Nevis • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines •
Saint Lucia • Suriname • Trinidad and Tobago.

The mission of the Pan American Health Organization


(PAHO) is to promote equality in terms of health, fight-
ing diseases and improving the quality of life of com-
munities. In this regard, technical cooperation represents
a key instrument to fulfill this mission. With the aim of
providing joint technical assistance to countries in Latin
America, the Caribbean and Africa, and contribute to
the economic and social development of such regions, in
2008, Argentina signed a Memorandum of Understand-
ing with PAHO/WHO for the development of a Triangu-
lar Cooperation program.
Under this program, in the last years, Argentina has
participated in projects of technical cooperation sup-
ported by the PAHO in the following areas: strengthen-
ing of integrated surveillance of food borne diseases,
primary mental health care, vector-borne diseases, edi-
torial processes in health sciences, inequality reduction
in the area of the Gran Chaco of South America, road
safety, exchange of experiences between the territories
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 99

of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, and Nunavut, Canada, UNITED NATIONS


among others. In the framework of the aforementioned CHILDREN’S FUND
Memorandum and with the support of FO.AR, experts
from the National Administration of Drugs, Foods and
(UNICEF)
Medical Devices (ANMAT) of the Argentine Republic
have jointly cooperated with PAHO and Caribbean
countries on issues related to pharmacotoxicology,
quality control of drugs and strengthening of regional
reference laboratories.

PROGRAM TO STRENTHEN THE CONTROL OF


QUALITY DRUGS IN LABORATORIES OF CARICOM:
The program suggested the international harmonization
of laboratory practices in Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, MAIN AREAS:
Guyana and Suriname by strengthening the pre-qualifi- • Social inclusion and monitoring of the rights of boys, girls
cation processes with the WHO of the CARICOM Ref- and adolescents • Inclusion and quality of education • Pro-
erence Laboratory (CRDTL), for its recognition by the tection and access to justice • Boys, girls and adolescents’
PAHO/WHO and to support the regulatory authorities health • Social and resources mobilization
of the Caribbean in the quality management system in
the analysis and management of pharmaceutical ingredi- PARTNER COUNTRIES:
ents. The project was developed in 2009 in three con- Armenia • Haiti • Tunisia
secutive stages that allowed the successive accumulation
of experiences. Through training the staff of the Carib- UNICEF jointly works with our country to promote the
bean laboratories in Argentina and the visits of ANMAT protection of the rights of boys, girls and adolescents,
technicians to the regulatory authorities of those Carib- helping satisfy their needs and increasing the opportuni-
bean countries, each of the nations was able to reinforce ties offered to them, with the aim of attaining their full
their capacity and develop new tools to ensure security development. With the aim of undertaking a joint ac-
and drug efficacy. tion to benefit third countries in LASTIN America and
Africa, in 2007, Argentina signed a Memorandum of Un-
PROGRAM TO STRENGTHEN THE QUALITY CON- derstanding with UNICEF with the purpose of facilitating
TROL OF THE NATIONAL PUBLIC HEALTH LABO- knowledge and experience transfer on childhood, mater-
RATORY DR. DEFILLO: The program, implemented in nal health and adolescence. Among the actions taken in
2010 and 2011, included several missions carried out by this framework, it is worth mentioning:
technicians of the National Institute of Drugs (INAME) and
in-service training in institutions which depend on the AN- QUANTIFICATION OF SOCIAL EXPENDITURE AS-
MAT. The specific aim was to strengthen the microbiology SOCIATED TO CHILDHOOD IN HAITI: In 2009, both
area of the Laboratory, in terms of techniques needed for parties led a joint project with the Haitian Ministry of Plan-
routine quality control of injectable drugs and antibiotics ning and External Cooperation on the quantification of so-
(tablets and injections); the project was implemented over cial expenditure on children with the aim of contributing
nine months and was structured around internships and to enhancing the capacities to quantify, analyze and make
training in the area and for the aforementioned purpose. As decisions on public expenditure allocated to children in the
an indirect result of this cooperative experience, today the country.
government of Haiti sends drug samples for their control
and evaluation to the Defillo Laboratory.
100 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

MEASURING MULTIDIMENSIONAL POVERTY FO- JOINT UNITED NATIONS


CUSED ON CHILDHOOD AND ADOLESCENCE IN PROGRAMME ON HIV AND AIDS
ARMENIA: In 2018, a seminar for experience exchange (ONUSIDA)
was held in Armenia between governmental authorities
on the institutionalization of multidimensional poverty
measurement and the social investment devoted to chil-
dhood and adolescence. Among the participants to this
seminar there were representatives from the National
Ministry of Finance and the National Council of Social
Policy Coordination, which implement the Information,
Evaluation and Monitoring System of Social Programs
(SIEMPRO).
MAIN AREAS:
UNIVERSAL CHILD ALLOWANCE MODEL IN TUNI- • HIV prevention and treatment • Human Rights • Gender
SIA: In 2018, a joint mission to Tunisia was organized with equality and women’s empowerment •Data • Resources
the aim of sharing the Argentine experience on a model and financing • Community responses
for the Universal Child Allowance (AUH). Our country
was represented by the National Ministry of Finance. It is PARTNER COUNTRIES:
worth mentioning that this year a second stage of exchan- • Uruguay
ges will take place, in which the National Social Security
Administration (ANSES), the Ministry of Health Social De- On November 20-21, 2018, the first triangular coop-
velopment and the Ministry of Finance, along with their eration project was launched between Argentina, Uru-
peer institutions from Tunisia, will participate. guay and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV
and AIDS (UNAIDS) Regional Office in collaboration
with diverse UN System agencies working on HIV/AIDS
prevention. The aim of this activity is to strengthen the
HIV prevention strategies in Argentina and Uruguay, by
exchanging successful experiences in terms of HIV risk
perception. In this first meeting, some of the information
shared included experiences and results of the imple-
mentation of the study on sexual health of 15-24 year
old males who have sex with other males in Argentina, a
study conducted by the National Ministry of Health and
Social Development in collaboration with UNAIDS.
Based on the experiences shared, the parties agreed
to undertake a new project of triangular cooperation that
will take place in 2019 and 2020 in the framework of the
cooperative program between Argentina and Uruguay.
This project will set as goals the exchange of national ap-
plied methodologies, the confirmation and adjustment of
a socio-sanitary strategy promoting the use of condoms
in the framework of combined HIV and other sexually
transmitted disease prevention and, in particular, address-
ing youth participation as a transversal topic.
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 101

Through the sustainability of the triangular project; PEREZ GUERRERO


the technical teams of the different national programs TRUST FUND
will strengthen the bonds to put into place future joint
work on an issue of great interest for the public health
of both countries.

The Directorate General for International Cooperation


serves as the Argentine focal point of the Perez Guerre-
ro Trust Fund (PGTF), contributing to the fulfillment of
relevant initiatives in the area of research and develop-
ment in which three or more countries from the South
participate. Since 1986, when the PGTF was founded,
Argentina has participated in a total of eighty four proj-
ects (of which more than 63% account for projects
with direct participation, and the rest represent ones in
which our country acted as a partner).
The Argentine institutions participating in these types
of initiatives are the national and regional universities,
public and private; the National Scientific and Technical
Research Council (CONICET); the INTA and the INTI,
among other prestigious organizations, as well as re-
searchers, members of reference and excellence centers,
supported and certified by international organizations.
The issues addressed in the projects are diverse and,
in all cases, they seek to achieve a real multiplying ef-
fect at a national and regional level. One example is the
project Synthesis, Characterization and Evaluation of
Bio-Products of Industrial Application (SCEBIA), coor-
dinated by the School of Biochemistry, Chemistry and
Pharmaceutics, National University of Tucuman, from
Argentina, and jointly implemented with researchers of
universities in Cuba and Mexico. As a result of this ini-
tiative, the three countries were able to promote the
development and application of technologies that facili-
tate the production of bioproducts as an alternative to
agrochemicals.
102 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

MERCOSUR

The General Directorate of International Cooperation, coordinates the


national section of the international Cooperation Group (GCI), sub-
sidiary body of the MERCOSUR Common Market Group (GMC). The
GCI was constituted to lead a coordinated action under the guidance
of the GMC, in the selection, approval and implementation of programs
of technical international cooperation that provide support to MER-
COSUR.
The GCI replaced the former MERCOSUR Technical Cooperation
Committee (CCT), created in 1992 shortly after the integration pro-
cess had started, in response to the need of providing an institutional
framework to the regional bloc in terms of international cooperation
that would promote a coordinated action, given the increasing number
of cooperative programs implemented in the bloc. At the same time,
the idea was to further develop the relationships with other countries,
groups of countries and international organizations.
In the last years, in addition to extra regional cooperation, the
Member States have considered the need to advance in the creation of
policies and strategies of development within the bloc, with the aim of
reducing asymmetries among partners and exchanging knowledge and
experiences horizontally. In this context, the Member States agreed on
the importance to develop different actions linked to the South-South
Cooperation in such a way that this type of cooperation is revalued in
the regional bloc.
In doing so, and in view of the importance that MERCOSUR has giv-
en to international cooperation, in 2014, the Member States approved
the MERCOSUR International Cooperation Policy. It sets the principles,
goals and modalities that must guide the technical cooperation in MER-
COSUR.
Through the bloc working groups, cooperative projects have been
deployed in different thematic areas such as: education, human rights,
migration, gender, statistics, macroeconomic convergence, audiovisual
cooperation, animal and plant health, testing measurement techniques
for energy efficiency declaration of appliances, e-commerce and bio-
technology, among others.
Moreover, MERCOSUR has several cooperation partners, such as
the European Union (EU), the Spanish Agency for International Devel-
opment Cooperation (AECID), Germany, Italy, the PAHO/WHO, the
International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Development
Bank of Latin America (CAF), among others. Within the MERCOSUR
bloc, the South-South Cooperation has broadened through exchange
of knowledge and experiences, good practices and public policies inside
the bloc.
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 103

IBERO-AMERICAN GENERAL
SECRETARIAT (SEGIB)
Argentina is strongly committed to the promotion of
sustainable and inclusive development of the Ibero-
American community. Twenty-six years after the 1st
Ibero-American Summit, our country is still one of the
premier promoters of regional cooperation.
Its commitment to the Programs, Initiatives, and As-
signed Projects of The Ibero-American Cooperation
(PIPAS) —instruments through which commitments are
translated into concrete actions undertaken by Chiefs
of States and Governments in the Ibero-American sum-
mits— being evident in the participation of twenty-four
countries out of twenty-five, Argentina’s participation is
the highest, along with Spain and Mexico.
Twenty-two Ibero-American countries have estab-
lished three priority areas for cooperation: knowledge,
culture and social cohesion. Moreover, all countries in
the region participate in South-South Cooperation pro-
grams, which, in 2017, surpassed 1400 initiatives at re-
gional, bilateral and triangular levels. Argentina works as
the technical unit for the following programs and initia-
tives: Ibermúsicas (for the promotion of music diversity
in the region), Iber-Rutas (for the protection of migrants’ Argentina participates in 24
rights from an inter-cultural perspective), Iber-Artes Vi- out of 25 PIPAS
suales (for the promotion of visual arts), Ibercultura Viva
(for the strengthening of community-based cultural poli- Culture Social Cohesion
cies), and currently, it also acts as Executive Secretariat 58 % 21 %
and host country of the PIFCSS Technical Unit.
The accumulated experience of PIFCSS in terms of
training and education, development of methodologies
Knowledge
and instruments, as well as in the creation of content on
13 %
CSS and CT offers an ideal framework to foster inter-
regional cooperative experiences based on strengthen-
ing the management of these cooperative modalities in Transversal
other regions. The program also supports the SEGIB in 8%
the elaboration of a South-South Cooperation Report,
being the only CSS record in the world and a pioneer at
the international level by making visible the cooperation
carried out by twenty-two countries and the positioning
the South-South Cooperation within the perspective of
our region.
104 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ORGANZIATION OF
THE AMERICAN STATES
(OAS)
Argentina has traditionally cooperated in the framework of the OAS by
actively participating in the different technical cooperation spaces of this
organization with the understanding that they constitute a privileged
place for dialogue with significant stakeholders of the region and other
partners, like the private sector and civil society.
Today our country integrates the Inter-American Agency for Coop-
eration and Development (IACD) Management Board for the period
2018-2020. This agency promotes, coordinates, manages and facilitates
the planning and execution of partnership programs, projects and activi-
ties in American territory. As member of the Management Board, Ar-
gentina contributes in order to maximize the impact of the cooperation
activities and to capture the technical support and other resources of
Member States, non-member States, and public and private sector or-
ganizations. Additionally, our country makes annual voluntary contribu-
tions to the Development Cooperation Fund (DCF), the main technical
cooperation tool of the OAS.
Over the last years, Argentina has led numerous cooperation proj-
ects at a national and regional level in the framework of the OAS in
areas such as education, science and technology, and employment, to
name a few. Among the last projects developed, it is worth mentioning
the Training for Trainers Program, carried out by the National Ministry
of Education, and another for the “Promotion of New opportunities
for Productive Employment in Particular among Vulnerable Population”,
implemented by the Government Secretariat of Science, Technology
and Productive Innovation.
Finally, our country pays invaluable attention to training human re-
sources on priority areas as a potential way to achieve development.
In this regard, it actively participates in OAS scholarship programs (the
Academic Scholarship Regular Program, the Partnerships Program for
Education and Training, and the Professional Development Scholarships
Program).
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 105

FORUM FOR EAST


ASIA-LATIN AMERICA
COOPERATION (FEALAC)
FEALAC is a multilateral cooperative forum, launched in 1999, made
up of thirty-six countries from East Asia and Latin America. The fo-
rum provides an official platform for dialogue between the two regions
which have been the greatest contributors to global economic growth
in the last decades. Its aim is to promote better understanding, political
and economic dialogue and cooperation between Member States.
Argentina is a founding member and has been regional coordinator
twice and host of the 2011 Ministerial Meeting. Today, our country
leads projects on phytosanitary certificates with Australia, university co-
operation, business cooperation with women in Thailand, and touristic
and cultural promotion with Vietnam.

REGIONAL WORKSHOP FOR EXPERIENCE EXCHANGE


ON ELECTRONIC PHYTOSANITARY (E-PHYTO) CERTIFICATE
SYSTEMS

The e-Phyto Solution is an initiative by the International Plant Protec-


tion Convention (IPPC) that encourages the National Plant Protection
Organizations (NPPO) of Member States to implement and develop the
process of replacement of the certificate in paper with an electronic
phytosanitary certificate.
Argentina has electronic phytosanitary certificates that meet inter-
national standards set by international organizations and, by doing so, it
has become one of the world leaders in the field, along with Australia,
New Zealand, the Netherlands, Canada and the United States. It is
worth pointing out that, in Latin America, SENASA is the leader of
electronic phytosanitary certificate implementation.
Diverse countries are currently working on the development of the
infrastructure needed to issue, send and receive electronic certificates
through a central communication hub or through a generic web-based
system (GEN). The latter will facilitate the exchange between countries
that still do not have an electronic phytosanitary certificate system and
those that already have one.
As part of the commitments pledged in FEALAC, in 2017 and
through the visit of SENASA experts to Australia, Argentina and Aus-
tralia undertook cooperative actions financed by the FO.AR, with the
106 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

aim of exchanging experience and knowledge, as both The workshop was attended by technicians of nineteen
countries are relevant actors in the field. Subsequently countries from Latin America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile,
and as a consequence of this successful activity, the ini- Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ec-
tiative to promote the work through a regional seminar uador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama,
came to light, a seminar that would seek the dissemina- Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. Moreover, a Vietnamese ex-
tion of capacities in the countries of our region. pert also participated in the event. Proposed as a space
In this framework, on September 11-13, a regional for the exchange of practical and effective information, the
workshop on Exchange of Experiences in Electronic workshop was organized in panels where representative
Phytosanitary Certification Systems (e-Phyto) was con- experts from Argentina, Australia and the United States
ducted at the Palacio San Martín, organized by the DG- shared their views. In addition, each participating country
CIN and SENASA. presented the state-of-affairs of the NPPOs and discussed
With the financing of FO.AR, the event correspond- the implementation and use of e-Phyto in two work groups.
ed to the second stage of a homonymous project of The evaluations of the work both by public sector ex-
technical cooperation with Australia, aimed at improv- perts and representatives of the Argentine sectorial cham-
ing the institutional capacities for the development and bers revealed the growing interest in using the e-Phyto tool
application of the electronic phytosanitary certificate, both in national, regional and international organizations
and was presented in a timely manner in the framework and in the national private sector, as it reduces the possibil-
of FEALAC. ity of document forgeries, enhances efficiency and facilitates
The workshop, co-sponsored by the Plant Health the speedy clearance of goods in international trade, reduc-
Committee of the Southern Cone (COSAVE) and the ing costs and directly benefiting exporters and consumers.
Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Among the seminar achievements, it is worth high-
(IICA), was attended by experts from Latina America, lighting that several countries of the region, which were
Vietnam, The United States, Australia, the International not yet using the tool, have now incorporated the e-
Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and the United Na- Phyto solution: Brazil started an online register to use
tions Organization (UN) who analyzed the cooperation the platform during the workshop, and Belize, Colom-
on the implementation of an electronic phytosanitary bia, Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic confirmed
certificate that in the future will replace the certificate in that they will implement it in 2019 and 2020 due to the
paper when exporting plan-origin products. knowledge acquired in the meeting.
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 107

EUROPEAN UNION

The bilateral relation with the EU, as well as with its mem-
ber States, is characterized by the shared values in terms
of respect for human rights, democratic institutions, the
principles of law, peaceful means for the resolution of con-
flict, regional and multilateral consensus, and international
peacemaking and security.
In this regard, since the signature of the Framework
Agreement in 1990, the cooperative link has evolved into
a true partnership, leaving behind the original concept of
cooperation as a purely assistant practice.
The actions developed in terms of bilateral coopera-
tion allowed the achievement of significant results with a
positive impact in Argentine partner institutions, contrib-
uting to the institutional strengthening, to technical-pro-
fessional improvement and socio-economic development
of our country.
Argentina is currently developing numerous actions of
technical cooperation involving different thematic areas:
education, health, employment and youth, small and me-
dium-size businesses, climate change, regional economies
and local development, security, science and technology,
and social and labor integration of refugees through the
support provided by the European Union to the Syria Pro-
gram, among others.
In 2016, the work that has been jointly done was ma-
terialized in the signature of several agreements, such as
the Memorandum of Understanding for undertaking co-
108 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

operation activities in third countries, in the framework of


SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION
the outlined priorities for the 2030 Agenda. In the same
year, both stakeholders signed agreements on regional and
urban policy and diplomatic exchange. By signing the bilateral Agreement of Scientific and Te-
In terms of Triangular Cooperation, advancements chnological Cooperation in 1999, Argentina became
were made on the definition of support actions for the the seventh country of the world and the first in Latin
peace process in Colombia, which will enable the Euro- America in subscribing an instrument of that kind with
pean contribution to the project Argentina and Colombia the EU. The signature provided a legal framework to the
have been developing bilaterally on strengthening Genetic cooperation activities jointly undertaken in the field of
Data National Banks. science, technology and innovation.
Moreover, through the European Union for Triangular
Cooperation program called “Adelante”, the INTI is coor- In October 2005, the Liaison Office Argentina-Eu-
dinating a development project on sustainable sericulture, ropean Union in Science, Technology and Innovation
through which technical capacities are exchanged with was created with the aim of promoting the participation
partner countries such as Cuba, Colombia, Brazil, Ecua- of Argentine institutions in research, development and
dor, Italy and Mexico. innovation (R+D+I) programs financed by the EU, and
. promote the strategic link between the parties to nego-
tiate the benefits in the priority areas identified by our
country.
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 109

G20

The Argentine presidency of the G20 during 2018 under the slogan
“Building consensus for equitable and sustainable development” reflects
our country’s calling for the fostering of international policy coordi-
nation and promoting growth processes that create opportunities for
all. In this regard, Argentina sought to leverage the experience with
the South-South and Triangular Cooperation in order to highlight how,
through dialogue and the search for complementarities, it is possible to
create high impact outcomes at a social, economic and environmental
level that favor the well-being and progress of our societies.
In this framework, on April 12th, 2018, the workshop on interna-
tional work “Prospects for Triangular Cooperation in the G20” was
conducted in Buenos Aires with more than 100 representatives of
Member States, international organizations, think-tanks and civil society
organizations. During this event, carried out as follow-up of the first
meeting of the G20 Development Working Group, some of the most
important global stakeholders in the field of Triangular Cooperation
contributed to contextualizing the dialogue around this cooperation
modality in the G20. And also, they provided evidence, through valu-
able interventions and the presentation of documented cases, on the
substantial role this global forum may have in the articulation of the new
Agenda for Sustainable Development, with capacities and experiences
in triangular partnerships within the Group.
During this workshop, taking into account Triangular Cooperation,
the importance of promoting diverse perspectives, stakeholders and in-
struments were highlighted, as its wealth lies on those principles. Other
highlighted aspects included:

• The platform offered by Triangular Cooperation to promote political


dialogue.

• The opportunity offered by the G20 to provide a systemic vision of


international cooperation, taking as a basis the inter-dependencies be-
tween the different agendas.

• The contribution that the Triangular Cooperation may make to re-


gional integration and the need to include stakeholders from civil soci-
ety, the academia and the private sector.

• The differential value provided by countries of the South to the ar-


ticulation of triangular actions at global level enables the testing of con-
textualized and cost-effective strategies, which organize capacities in the
long run. This was evidenced by the great diversity of case studies pre-
sented by the representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Japan, Mexico, Sin-
gapore, the ILO and IFAD, among others. Our country had the chance
of sharing with all attendees the successful experiences on issues such
110 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

as sustainable agriculture, training of human resources,


youth employment and sustainable habitats.
• Finally, some of the participants underlined the rel-
evance of advancing a peer-to-peer learning mechanism
that would allow all G20 stakeholders the capitalization
of diverse approaches and practices, in an effort to en-
hance the volume and impact of our actions.
Lastly, the Triangular Cooperation was included in
the following G20 documents:
a) The Buenos Aires Update included this excerpt
referring to this topic: “To further discuss different means
to implement the G20 Action Plan on the 2030 Agenda,
the G20 DWG convened a workshop on ‘Prospects
for Triangular Cooperation in the G20’. The discus-
sions showed that the G20, as a global forum bringing
together developed and developing countries, can both
enable and benefit from the inclusive and horizontal na-
ture of triangular cooperation. This form of coopera-
tion can foster partnership formation, knowledge shar-
ing, peer-to-peer learning, and capacity building on the
basis of political dialogue and joint cooperation activities
among G20, non-G20 countries, developing countries
and other stakeholders. Moreover, it can contribute to
build and strengthen knowledge networks and develop
outcome-oriented actions that link sustainable develop-
ment demands with existing capacities and experiences.
Against this background, the G20 is looking forward to
the outcomes of the Second High-level United Nations
Conference on South-South Cooperation (BAPA+40).”
b) The Leaders’ Declaration included in paragraph
18: “We reaffirm our commitment to leading the trans-
formation towards sustainable development and support
the 2030 Agenda as the framework for advancing this
goal and the G20 Action Plan. The Buenos Aires Update
outlines the G20 current collective and concrete actions
towards achieving that Agenda, recognizing that South-
South and triangular cooperation have an important role
to implement it.”
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 111

TOWARDS THE SECOND UN


HIGH-LEVEL CONFERENCE ON SOUTH-
SOUTH COOPERATION

The proposal for the Second High-level UN Conference


on South-South Cooperation was initially done in the
framework of the 19th Session of the High-Level Com-
mittee on South-South Cooperation, held in May 2016. In
that meeting, Member States supported the idea of cele-
brating a commemorative ceremony for the 40th anniver-
sary of the adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action
(BAPA) in pursuit of having the international community
adopt a more aligned and consolidated approach on the
role of South-South Cooperation in the 2030 Agenda for sary of the Adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action
Sustainable Development and other international agree- (BAPA+40)”. In her closing statement, the UN Deputy-
ments. Thus, on December 21st, 2016, the General As- Secretary General, Amina J. Mohammed, affirmed: “The
sembly, through Resolution 71/244, called for a UN High- High-Level Conference that will be held in Buenos Aires
Level Conference on South-South Cooperation, choosing will allows us to coordinate efforts, build bridges, con-
Argentina as host country. solidates alliances and establish strategies to increase the
Among the immediate background of the prepara- impact of our actions.”
tory process for this BAPA+40, it is worth mentioning the
2017 DCF Argentina High-level Symposium and Global TOWARDS AN ACTION-ORIENTED OUTCOME
South-South Development Expo, held in Antalya, Turkey, DOCUMENT
the past November. The 2009 Nairobi Conference on South-South Cooperation
During the two and a half days of the symposium, the took place almost a decade after the adoption of the Mil-
representatives of more than fifty States and about twenty lennium Development Goals (MDGs). Although the South-
international organizations, along with members of aca- South Cooperation principles were reaffirmed in that Con-
demia, think tanks, civil society organizations, private sec- ference and new commitments were made to foster this
tor and philanthropic foundations, shared their views, ex- cooperation modality, for distinct reason it was not possible
periences and proposals in pursuit of promoting the role to define and promote its inclusion in the global development
of South-South and Triangular Cooperation in the new strategy established for the Millennium Summit.
Agenda for Sustainable Development. In his closing state- Today both the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Develop-
ment at the Symposium, the Under-Secretary-General ment and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda signal the con-
for Economic and Social Affairs, Liu Zhenmin expressed: tribution of South-South Cooperation to the eradication of
“BAPA+40 will happen against a backdrop of a global poverty and sustainable development. Therefore, the theme
South that is economically empowered and has devel- for the BAPA+40 was “The Role of South-South Coopera-
oped important capabilities. There are new challenges to tion and the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustain-
all states: among them, the real threat to multilateralism. able development: Challenges and Opportunities”
South-South and triangular cooperation can contribute to The 2030 Agenda contemplates the South-South and
a new multilateralism and drive the revitalization of the Triangular Cooperation in two opportunities and both are
global partnership for sustainable development.” included in SDG 17 “Strengthen the means of implemen-
In the 2017 South-South Expo, the theme was “South- tation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable
South Cooperation in the Era of Economic, Social and En- development”. Among other things, this alliance implies a
vironmental Transformation: Road to the 40th Anniver- commitment by our countries to promote greater and bet-
112 REPORT ON SOUTH-SOUTH AND TRIANGULAR COOPERATION

ter South-South and Triangular Cooperation in the field of titative and qualitative aggregate data is a great obstacle at
science, technology and innovation, the exchange of knowl- the time of making decisions, analyzing historical series,
edge and the development of capacities. identify complementarities among cooperating countries
This mandate demonstrates, among other things, that by and recategorizing our initiatives to attain the goal and
engaging partners that face similar challenges and by promot- targets defined in the 2030 Agenda. BAPA+40 could lay
ing the development of capacities taking into account the the foundations, in the United Nations System, to advance
local particularities, the South-South Cooperation has a dif- the creation of knowledge platforms and voluntary report
ferential value that contributes to achieving successful national spaces that increase the access to existing capacities and
frameworks in force with the aim of attaining the SDGs. That experiences in South-South Cooperation and Triangular
is, from the moment we share similar contexts and histori- Cooperation thus promoting new partnerships.
cal paths, our countries can test new contextualized, cost- Finally, the system must become an active channel
effective strategies that organize the capacities in the long run. from which Triangular Cooperation is promoted and can
In this framework, we believe that one of the main become a catalyst of efforts so developed countries can
challenges our countries face consists in promoting an inte- contribute resources and knowledge in this practice, in
grated development approach in South-South Cooperation, line with the SDG 17, to build alliances for development.
according to the 2030 Agenda. The South-South Coop- In this regard, the role of “Country Teams” put them in a
eration, to a greater or lesser extent, has developed within privileged position to identify the capacities and demands
structures of vertical thinking and management. However, of countries in terms of South-South Cooperation and
due to its multiple areas of intervention and its multidis- Triangular Cooperation. The economic regional missions
ciplinary characteristics, it is at the same time a privileged and the funds, programs and agencies’ regional offices
space to promote transversal initiatives and work on the should, in the framework of their specific mandates and in
inter-related aspects between the different structures and a coordinated manner, contribute to the facilitation of the
agendas. In this regard, achieving a balance between the so- South-South and Triangular Cooperation to be boosted.
cial, economic, environmental aspects will require a transi- In view of ensuring that these goals can be achieved,
tion from the traditional sectorial approach towards one we consider it vital to establish follow-up stages that en-
that engages greater levels of inter-institutional coordina- sure the periodic and systematic review of trends, progress
tion, throughout the project management cycle, from their and lessons learned in the South-South Cooperation, in the
formulation to their implementation and evaluation. framework of the United Nations System.
It is also vital to strengthen our capacities for the recol-
lection and production of data. The limited access to quan-
MULTILATERAL ARGENTINE COOPERATION 113