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TEMA

## DISEÑO DE UNA ZAPATA CENTRICA

ASIGNATURA

DOCENTE TUTOR
MGTR. JOHANNA DEL CARMEN SOTELO

INTEGRANTES

## MORENO CHAVEZ JUNIOR JOSE

SALDAÑA MURILLO MILLER
VARGAS SALDAÑA EVER
VILLANUEVA NAVARRO JHON

CHIMBOTE – PERÚ

2017
DE CARGAS
PRIMER PISO

##  Losa Aligerada 20 cm 300 kg/m2

 Viga Principal (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Viga Secundaria (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Columna 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2= 𝜋𝜋(0.20)2 0.126m2
 Sobrecarga 200 kg/m2
 Altura Columna 2.85m
Carga Muerta
• Peso Losa: 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍=AT x 300 kg/m2
AT = (1.91x1.24) + (1.115x1.91) + (1.80x1.115) + (1.8x1.24) AT = 8.737 m2
𝑃𝑃𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 = 8.737x 300 kg/m2 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍= 2621.1 kg
• Peso Viga Principal: Pvp = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvp = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.91+1.8) m x 2400 Pvp = 712.32 kg
𝑚𝑚3

## • Peso Viga Secundaria: Pvs = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvs = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.24+1.115) m x 2400 Pvs = 452.16 kg
𝑚𝑚3

## • Peso Columna: Pc = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pc = (0.126 𝑚𝑚2 ) x (2.85) x 2400 Pc = 861.84 kg
𝑚𝑚3

• Sobrecarga: SC = AT x S
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = [(1.91 + 0.40 + 1.8) x (1.24 + 0.40 + 1.115) ]𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = 11.323 𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2

S = 2264.4 kg
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝑚𝑚2

## CM = 8044.32 kg 8.04 ton

Carga Viva

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶1°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = (AT-AC) x 200
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶1°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝= (11.323 – 0.126) 𝑚𝑚2 x 200 2239.4 kg = 2.24 ton
𝑚𝑚2

SEGUNDO PISO

##  Losa Aligerada 20 cm 300 kg/m2

 Viga Principal (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Viga Secundaria (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Columna 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2= 𝜋𝜋(0.20)2 0.126m2
 Sobrecarga 200 kg/m2
 Altura Columna 2.85m

## • Peso Losa: 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍=AT x 300 kg/m2

AT = (1.91x1.24) + (1.115x1.91) + (1.80x1.115) + (1.8x1.24) AT = 8.737 m2
𝑃𝑃𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 = 8.737x 300 kg/m2 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍= 2621.1 kg
• Peso Viga Principal: Pvp = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvp = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.91+1.8) m x 2400 Pvp = 712.32 kg
𝑚𝑚3

## • Peso Viga Secundaria: Pvs = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvs = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.24+1.115) m x 2400 Pvs = 452.16 kg
𝑚𝑚3

## • Peso Columna: Pc = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pc = (0.126 𝑚𝑚2 ) x (2.85) x 2400 Pc = 861.84 kg
𝑚𝑚3
• Sobrecarga: SC = AT x S
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = [(1.91 + 0.40 + 1.8) x (1.24 + 0.40 + 1.115) ]𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = 11.323 𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2

S = 2264.4 kg
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝑚𝑚2

## CM = 8044.32 kg 8.04 ton

Carga Viva

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶2°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = (AT-AC) x 200
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶2°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = (11.323 – 0.126) 𝑚𝑚2 x 200 2239.4 kg = 2.24 ton
𝑚𝑚2

TERCER PISO

##  Losa Aligerada 20 cm 300 kg/m2

 Viga Principal (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Viga Secundaria (0.20 x 0.40) m2
 Columna 𝜋𝜋𝑟𝑟 2= 𝜋𝜋(0.20)2 0.126m2
 Sobrecarga 200 kg/m2
 Altura Columna 2.55m

## • Peso Losa: 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍=AT x 300 kg/m2

AT = (1.91x1.24) + (1.115x1.91) + (1.80x1.115) + (1.8x1.24) AT = 8.737 m2
𝑃𝑃𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙𝑙 = 8.737x 300 kg/m2 𝑷𝑷𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍𝒍= 2621.1 kg
• Peso Viga Principal: Pvp = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvp = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.91+1.8) m x 2400 Pvp = 712.32 kg
𝑚𝑚3

## • Peso Viga Secundaria: Pvs = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pvs = (0.2 x 0.40)𝑚𝑚2 x (1.24+1.115) m x 2400 Pvs = 452.16 kg
𝑚𝑚3
• Peso Columna: Pc = A x L x 𝜸𝜸𝑪𝑪
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
Pc = (0.126 𝑚𝑚2 ) x (2.55) x 2400 Pc = 771.12 kg
𝑚𝑚3

• Sobrecarga: SC = AT x S
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = [(1.91 + 0.40 + 1.8) x (1.24 + 0.40 + 1.115) ]𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
S = 11.323 𝑚𝑚2 x 200
𝑚𝑚2

S = 2264.4 kg
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝑚𝑚2

## CM = 7953.6 kg 7.95 ton

Carga Viva

𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶3°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = AT x 100
𝑚𝑚2
𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶3°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 11.323 𝑚𝑚2 x 100 1132.3 kg = 1.13 ton
𝑚𝑚2

##  𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶1°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 8.04 ton

 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶2°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 8.04 ton
 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶3°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 7.95 ton

##  𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶1°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 2.24 ton

 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶2°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 2.24 ton
 𝐶𝐶𝐶𝐶3°𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝𝑝 = 1.13 ton

CT = 29.04 ton
Carga Total

## 𝐶𝐶𝑇𝑇 = 24.03 (1.4) + 5.61 (1.7) 𝐶𝐶𝑇𝑇 = 43.179 ton

𝝆𝝆 𝝆𝝆
• Esfuerzo Normal: 𝝈𝝈 = 𝑨𝑨 =
𝑨𝑨 𝝈𝝈
43.179 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 43179 𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘
A= A = 21590 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2
2 𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘/𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2 2 𝑘𝑘𝑘𝑘/𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2

## A = 𝑙𝑙 2 𝑙𝑙2 = 21590 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2 𝑙𝑙 = 146.94 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐

L = 1.5 m
Zapata 1.5m x 1.5m

𝒃𝒃
Comprobación al vuelco: (M + V x h) Fs < (N + P)
𝟐𝟐

 N = 43.179 ton
 M = 14.03 ton/m
 V = 6.5 ton P = a x b x c x 𝛾𝛾𝐶𝐶
𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
 H = 1.4 m P = (1.5 x 1.5 x 1.4)𝑚𝑚3 x 2.4
𝑚𝑚3

##  a = 1.50 m P = 7.56 ton

 b = 1.50 m
 Fs = 1.5
𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
 𝛾𝛾𝐶𝐶 = 2.4
𝑚𝑚2
1.4
 [14.03 + (6.5 x 1.4)] 1.5 < (43.179 + 7.56)
2

##  (43.179 + 7.56) tg 45° x 2/3 > 6.5 x 1.5

29.29 > 9.75 “Si cumple”
DISEÑO DE
ZAPATA
CENTRICA

##  Df = 1.5 m Columna circular: ∅ 40 cm

 𝜸𝜸𝒕𝒕 = 1.65 ton/m3
 𝒔𝒔/𝒄𝒄 = 0.2 ton/m2
 𝝈𝝈𝒕𝒕 = 1.2 kg/cm2 12 ton/m2
 PM = 24.03 ton
 PV = 5.61 ton

## 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡

𝜎𝜎𝑛𝑛 = 12 – 0.2 – (1.5 x 1.65)
𝑚𝑚2 𝑚𝑚2 𝑚𝑚2

𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
𝜎𝜎𝑛𝑛 = 9.33
𝑚𝑚2

𝑷𝑷𝑷𝑷+𝑷𝑷𝑷𝑷+𝑷𝑷𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛.
b) Área de la zapata: Az = 𝝈𝝈𝒏𝒏

## 𝑷𝑷𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛. = (Pv + Pm) x 5% = (5.61 + 24.03) 0.05

𝑃𝑃𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧. = 1.48

(𝟓𝟓.𝟔𝟔𝟔𝟔+𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐.𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎+𝟏𝟏.𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒)𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕
Az = 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 Az = 3.34 m2
𝟗𝟗.𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 𝟐𝟐
𝒎𝒎

𝑻𝑻𝟏𝟏 +𝑻𝑻𝟐𝟐
c) Hallando “T”: T = √𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨 + ( )
𝟐𝟐

𝑇𝑇1 = 0.4m

𝑇𝑇2 = 0.4m

𝟎𝟎.𝟒𝟒+𝟎𝟎.𝟒𝟒
T = √𝟑𝟑. 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 + ( ) T = 1.83m
𝟐𝟐

𝑻𝑻𝟏𝟏 +𝑻𝑻𝟐𝟐
d) Hallando “S”: S = √𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨 - ( 𝟐𝟐
)

0.4+0.4
S = √3.34 - ( ) S = 1.83m
2

e) Comprobando: Az = S x T

S = 2m + 𝑇𝑇2 = 2m + 0.40

T = 2m + 𝑇𝑇1 = 2m + 0.40
Az = S x T

m = 0.72 ≈ 0.75

## • Dimensionamiento del peralte “d” de la Zapata

1.2 WD + 1.6 WL A.C.I
Vc > Vact
∑ 𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄 𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂
 Wu =
𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨
1.2(24.03)+1.6(5.61) 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
Wu = ⇒ Wu = 10.47
1.9 𝑥𝑥 1.9 𝑚𝑚2
𝒎𝒎−𝒅𝒅
 Vact = Wu x ( )
𝒅𝒅
0.75−𝑑𝑑
Vact = 10.47 x ( )
𝑑𝑑

Cortante: ∅ = 0.85
* Vc = ∅ 𝑥𝑥 0.53 𝑥𝑥 √𝐹𝐹′𝐶𝐶
Vc = 0.85 x 0.53 x √210
𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
Vc = 65.3
𝑚𝑚2

Se sabe: Vc ≥ Vact

## Entonces procedemos a igualar:

0.75−𝑑𝑑
65.3 = 10.47 x ( )
𝑑𝑑

## 65.3 d = 7.85 – 10.47 d

75.77 d = 7.85
d = 0.10m
Diseño de cortante por Punzamiento: Escogeremos el menor valor de Vc

𝟒𝟒
a) Vc ≤ ∅ x 0.27 (2 + )√𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
𝑩𝑩𝑩𝑩
4
Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x (2 + ) √210 = 19.95 kg/cm2 =199.5 Tn/m2
1
𝜶𝜶𝜶𝜶
b) Vc ≤ ∅ x 0.27 x ( + 𝟐𝟐)√𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
𝒃𝒃𝒃𝒃

c) Vc ≤ ∅ x 1.1 x √𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
Vc ≤ 0.85 x 1.1 x √210 = 13.55 kg/cm2 = 135.5Tn/m2

## 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 𝑊𝑊𝑊𝑊 [𝑆𝑆 𝑥𝑥 𝑇𝑇−(𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇1)(𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇2)]

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 = =
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴. 2𝑑𝑑(2𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇1+𝑇𝑇2)

Vc = Vact

## 10.47 [1.9 𝑥𝑥 1.9−(𝑑𝑑+0.4)(𝑑𝑑+0.4)]

135.5 ton/m2 = 2𝑑𝑑(2𝑑𝑑+0.4+0.4)

D = 0.12m

## Hay 2 valores de “d”:

 d = 0.10m
 d = 0.12m

Según el reglamento del ACI nos dice que el máximo a utilizar de peralte en una zapata
es 15cm; por tal motivo los datos obtenidos están en lo adecuado, pero procederemos a
utilizar a lo que se utiliza normalmente en Perú de 40 a 50 cm “altura de peralte”.

Comprobando:

## Diseño de Corte por Flexión:

 Vc = 65.3 ton/m2
(𝒎𝒎−𝒅𝒅)
 Vact = Wu
𝒅𝒅
(𝟎𝟎.𝟕𝟕𝟕𝟕−𝟎𝟎.𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒)
Vact = 10.47 x = 9.16 ton/m2
𝟎𝟎.𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒
Vc > Vact 65.3 ton/m2 > 9.16 ton/m2 (SI CUMPLE)

##  bo = 2 x [2(0.4) + 0.40 + 0.40] = 3.2m

 Ap = bo x d = 3.2 x 0.4 = 1.28 m
 𝛼𝛼𝑠𝑠 = 40 Zapata Céntrica

Hallamos Vc:

4
a) Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x (2 + ) √210 x 320 x 40 = 255.41 ton
1
40 𝑥𝑥 40
b) Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x ( + 2) √210 x 320 x 40 = 297.99 ton
320

Hallamos Vact:

Por último:

𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽
𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖 =
𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨

## 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑.𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕

𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖 = ⇒ 24.28
𝟑𝟑.𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐.𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒𝒎𝒎 𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐

## Vdv = 6.963 ton

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 6.963
 Vn = =
∅ 0.75

Vn = 9.28 ton
Vn = 0.53 �𝑭𝑭′𝒚𝒚 x S x d

## Chequeo por flexión:

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 6.963
 Vn = =
∅ 0.75

Vn = 9.28 ton

Wu

M
m

𝑊𝑊𝑚𝑚2
Mmax = Wu x m x m/2 = 𝑥𝑥 𝑆𝑆
2

10.47 𝑥𝑥 0.752
Mmax = x 1.90 = 5.60 tn/m  5.60 x 105 kg/cm
2

## 𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑥𝑥 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓

As = 𝑎𝑎 a=
∅ 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 (𝑑𝑑− ) 0.85 𝑥𝑥 𝑓𝑓′ 𝑐𝑐 𝑥𝑥 𝑏𝑏
2

5.60 𝑥𝑥 105
* As = 40 = 7.41 cm2
0.90 𝑥𝑥 4200 (40− )
2

7.41 𝑥𝑥 4200
*a= = 0.91 cm
0.85 𝑥𝑥 210 𝑥𝑥 190

Al realizar este paso por 3 veces, noté que el área del acero me disminuye, por lo tanto
mi número de varillas serán mínimas y recurriré a trabajar con el primer cálculo obtenido
del “As”
Verificación del acero mínimo:

## Trabajaremos con el As mínimo para obtener mayor cantidad de varillas.

Acero Longitudinal

## Asumimos: ∅ = 1/2" A∅ = 1.27 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 13.68
N= ⇒ ⇒ 10.77 ≈ 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗
𝐴𝐴∅ 1.27

Espaciamiento:

𝒃𝒃−𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐− ∅ 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏−𝟐𝟐(𝟕𝟕.𝟓𝟓)−𝟏𝟏,𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐
S= ⇒ ⇒ 17.37 cm
𝒏𝒏−𝟏𝟏 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏−𝟏𝟏

Se usará: 11 ∅ ½” @ 17 cm

Acero Transversal:

1.90
 As = 13.68 x = 13.68 cm2
1.90
13.68
 N= ⇒ 10.77 ≈ 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗
1.27

 S = 17 cm

Se usará: 11 ∅ ½” @ 17 cm

## Detalle de zapata en planta:

Detalle de zapata en corte:

 𝜸𝜸𝒕𝒕 = 2.10 ton/m3
 𝑾𝑾𝑾𝑾/𝒄𝒄 = 0.5 ton/m2
 𝝈𝝈𝒕𝒕 = 3.5 kg/cm2 35 ton/m2
 𝑭𝑭𝑭𝑭 = 𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐 kg/cm2
 𝑭𝑭𝑭𝑭 = 𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒𝟒 kg/cm2
 WD(CM) = 190 ton
 WL(CV) = 75 ton

## 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡

𝜎𝜎𝑛𝑛 = 35 – 0.5 – (2.10 x 1.5m)
𝑚𝑚2 𝑚𝑚2 𝑚𝑚3

𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
𝜎𝜎𝑛𝑛 = 31.35
𝑚𝑚2

𝑷𝑷𝑷𝑷+𝑷𝑷𝑷𝑷+𝑷𝑷𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛.
b) Área de la zapata: Az = 𝝈𝝈𝒏𝒏

## 𝑷𝑷𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛𝒛. = (WD + WL) x 5% = (190 + 75) 0.05

𝑃𝑃𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧𝑧. = 13.25

(𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏+𝟕𝟕𝟕𝟕+𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏.𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐)𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕
Az = 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 Az = 8.88 𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐
𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑.𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 𝟐𝟐
𝒎𝒎

Az = S x T………..(1)

Comprobando: Az = S x T

Az = S x T

## 4𝑚𝑚2 + 1.80m – 8.70 = 0

+
-b √𝑏𝑏2 − 4𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎

2a

m = 1.27 OK

m = -1.71

Ecuación(1):

Az = 2.85m x 3.15m

Az = 8.98 𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐

## 2. Dimensionamiento del peralte: corte y flexión

1.2 WD + 1.6 WL A.C.I
Vact < 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉
d
d
d d
Wu

Wu=Carga
Ultima Mayora
d m-d
m

∑ 𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄𝒄 𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂𝒂
 Wu =
𝑨𝑨𝑨𝑨
1.2(190)+1.6(75) 𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡
Wu = ⇒ Wu = 38.75
𝟖𝟖.𝟗𝟗𝟗𝟗 𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐 𝑚𝑚2

Cortante Actuante:(Vact)

𝒎𝒎−𝒅𝒅
 Vact = Wu x ( )
𝒅𝒅
Cortante: ∅ = 0.85
* Vc = ∅ 𝑥𝑥 0.53 𝑥𝑥 √𝐹𝐹′𝐶𝐶
Vc = 0.85 x 0.53 x √210
𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡𝑡 𝐾𝐾𝐾𝐾
Vc = 65.3 = 6.53
𝑚𝑚2 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2

## Entonces igualando nos queda:

1.27−𝑑𝑑
65.3 = 38.75 x ( )
𝑑𝑑

104.05 d = 49.21
d = 0.47m

## Escogeremos el menor valor de Vc

𝟒𝟒
a) Vc ≤ ∅ x 0.27 (2 + )√𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
𝑩𝑩𝑩𝑩
4
Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x (2 + ) √210 = 13.30 kg/cm2 =133.3 Tn/𝑚𝑚2
2
𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚
Bc= ≤2
𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿𝐿 𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚𝑚
0.60
Bc= =2 OK
0.30
𝜶𝜶𝜶𝜶
b) Vc ≤ ∅ x 0.27 x ( + 𝟐𝟐)√𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
𝒃𝒃𝒃𝒃

c) Vc ≤ ∅ x 1.1 x √𝑭𝑭′𝑪𝑪
Vc ≤ 0.85 x 1.1 x √210 = 13.55 kg/c𝑚𝑚2 =135.5 Tn/𝑚𝑚2

## 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 𝑊𝑊𝑊𝑊 [𝑆𝑆 𝑥𝑥 𝑇𝑇−(𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇1)(𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇2)]

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢𝑢 = =
𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴. 2𝑑𝑑(2𝑑𝑑+𝑇𝑇1+𝑇𝑇2)

## 38.75 [2.85 𝑥𝑥 3.15−(𝑑𝑑+0.60)(𝑑𝑑+0.30)]

133.3 ton/m2 =
2𝑑𝑑(2𝑑𝑑+0.60+0.30)

+
-b √𝑏𝑏2 − 4𝑎𝑎𝑎𝑎

2a

## Hay 2 valores de “d”:

 d = 0.57m ok tomamos el mayor
 d = 0.47m

Comprobando:

## Diseño de Corte por Flexión:

 Vc = 65.3 ton/m2
(𝒎𝒎−𝒅𝒅)
 Vact = Wu
𝒅𝒅
(𝟏𝟏.𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐−𝟎𝟎.𝟓𝟓𝟓𝟓)
Vact = 38.75 x = 47.58 ton/m2
𝟎𝟎.𝟓𝟓𝟓𝟓

##  bo = 2 x [2(0.57) + 0.60 + 0.30] = 4.08m

 Ap = bo x d = 4.08 x 0.57 = 2.33 m
 𝛼𝛼𝑠𝑠 = 40 Zapata Céntrica

Determinando Vc:

4
d) Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x (2 + ) √210 x 408 x 57 = 309.37 ton
2
40 𝑥𝑥 57
e) Vc ≤ 0.85 x 0.27 x ( + 2) √210 x 408 x 57 = 586.90 ton
408

Hallamos Vact:

Por último:

𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽
𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖 =
𝒃𝒃𝒃𝒃𝒙𝒙𝒙𝒙

## 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑.𝟖𝟖𝟖𝟖 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕 𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕𝒕

𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝑽𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖𝒖 = ⇒ 13.26
𝟒𝟒.𝟎𝟎𝟎𝟎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎𝒎.𝟓𝟓𝟓𝟓𝟓𝟓 𝒎𝒎𝟐𝟐

## Vdu = 77.30 ton

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 77.30
 Vn = =
∅ 0.75

Vn = 103.07 ton OK

Vc = 0.53 √𝑭𝑭′𝒄𝒄 x S x d

## 5) Chequeo por flexión:

𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 77.30
 Vn = =
∅ 0.75

Vn = 103.07 ton Ok

Wu

M
m

𝑊𝑊𝑚𝑚2
Mmax = Wu x m x m/2 = 𝑥𝑥 𝑆𝑆
2

38.75 𝑥𝑥 1.272
Mmáx = x 2.85 = 89.06 tn/m  8.90 x 105 kg/cm
2
𝑀𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 𝑥𝑥 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓
As = 𝑎𝑎 a=
∅ 𝑓𝑓𝑓𝑓 (𝑑𝑑− ) 0.85 𝑥𝑥 𝑓𝑓′ 𝑐𝑐 𝑥𝑥 𝑏𝑏
2

a=d/5

d=0.57

a= 0.114m 11.4 cm

89.06 𝑥𝑥 105
* As = 11.4 = 45.93 cm2
0.90 𝑥𝑥 4200 (57− )
2

45.93 𝑥𝑥 4200
*a= = 3.79 cm
0.85 𝑥𝑥 210 𝑥𝑥 2.85

## Repetimos el cálculo con los nuevos valores obtenidos:

89.06 𝑥𝑥 105
* As = 3.79 = 42.75 cm2
0.90 𝑥𝑥 4200 (57− )
2

42.75𝑥𝑥 4200
*a= = 3.52 cm
0.85 𝑥𝑥 210 𝑥𝑥 2.85

## Asmin = 𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌 𝑥𝑥 𝑏𝑏 𝑥𝑥 𝑑𝑑 =0.0018 x 285 x 57 = 29.24 cm2

Acero Longitudinal

## Asumimos: ∅ = 3/4" A∅ = 2.85 𝑐𝑐𝑐𝑐2

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 42.75
N= ⇒ ⇒ 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗
𝐴𝐴∅ 2.85

Calculamos el Espaciamiento:

𝒃𝒃−𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐− ∅ 𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐−𝟐𝟐(𝟕𝟕.𝟓𝟓)−𝟏𝟏.𝟗𝟗𝟗𝟗
S= ⇒ ⇒ 17.89 cm
𝒏𝒏−𝟏𝟏 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏−𝟏𝟏

Se usará: 15 ∅ 3/4" @ 18 cm
Acero Transversal:

𝑇𝑇 3.15
 As = As x = 42.75 x = 47.25 cm2
𝑆𝑆 2.85

##  Asmin = 𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌𝜌 𝑥𝑥 𝑇𝑇 𝑥𝑥 𝑑𝑑 = 0.0018 𝑥𝑥 315 𝑥𝑥 57 = 32.32 cm2

𝐴𝐴𝐴𝐴 32.32
 N = 𝐴𝐴∅ ⇒ 2.85
= 11.34 ≈ 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗𝒗

Calculamos el Espaciamiento:

𝑻𝑻−𝟐𝟐𝟐𝟐− ∅ 𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑−𝟐𝟐(𝟕𝟕.𝟓𝟓)−𝟏𝟏.𝟗𝟗𝟗𝟗
S= ⇒ ⇒ 29.81 cm
𝒏𝒏−𝟏𝟏 𝟏𝟏𝟏𝟏−𝟏𝟏

Se usará: 11 ∅ 3/4" @ 30 cm

## Detalle de zapata en planta:

11 ∅3/4"@𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑

15 ∅ 3/4" @ 18 cm

11 ∅3/4"@𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑

15 ∅ 3/4" @ 18 cm