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DEFINITION OF SPECIFIC MENTAL DISORDERS

1. Mood Disorder – Disturbance in mood or prolonged emotional state.

2. Depression – a mood disorder characterized by overwhelming feeling of sadness, lack of


interest in activities and perhaps excessive guilt or feeling of worthlessness.

3. Mania – a mood disorder characterized by euphoric states, extreme physical activities,


excessive talkativeness, distress and sometimes grandiosity.

4. Bipolar Disorder – a mood disorder in which periods of mania and depression alternate
sometimes with periods of normal mood intervening.

5. Cognitive Distortion – an illogical and maladaptive responses to early negative life


events that leads to feeling incompetence and unworthiness that are reactive.

6. Disorder – disorder in which anxiety is a characteristic feature or the avoidance specific


of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior.

7. Specific Bipolar – anxiety disorder characterized by an intense, paralyzing fear of


something.

8. Social Phobia – anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, inappropriate fears


connected with social situations or performances in front of other people.

9. Agoraphobia – an anxiety disorder that involves multiple intense fear of crowds, public
places and other situations that require separation from a source of security such as the
home.

10. Panic Disorder – an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attack in which
the person suddenly experiences intense fear, terror without any reasonable cause.

11. Generalized Anxiety Disorder – an anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged


vague but intense fear that is not attached to any particular object or circumstance.

12. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – in which a person feels driven to think disturbing
thoughts or to perform senseless rituals.

13. Psychosomatic Disorder – A disorder in which there is real physical illness that is
largely caused by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety.

14. Somatoform Disorder - disorders in which there ia an apparent physical illness for
which there is no organic basis.

15. Somatization Disorder- A somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague


somatic complaints without physical cause.
16. Conversion disorder-Somatoform disorder in which a dramatic specific disability has no
physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems.

17. Conversion disorder-somatoform disorder in which a dramatic specific disability has no


physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems.

18. Hypochondriasis-A somatoforms disorder in which a person becomes so preoccupied


with his or imagined ugliness that normal life is impossible.

19. Body Dysmorphic Disorder – a somatoform disorder in which a person becomes so


preoccupied with his or her imagined ugliness that normal life is impossible.

20. Dissociate Disorder - disorder in which some aspects of the personality seems separated
from the rest.

21. Dissociative Amnesia – a dissociative disorder characterized by loss of memory for the
past events without organic causes.

22. Dissociative Fugue – a dissociative disorder that involves flight from home and the
assumption of a new identity with amnesia for past identity and events.

23. Dissociative Identity Disorder – (also called multiple personality disorder) – a


dissociative disorder characterized by the separation of the personality into 2 or more
distinct personalities.

24. Depersonalization disorder – a dissociative disorder whose essential feature is that the
person suddenly feels changed or different in a strange way.

25. Sexual Dysfuntion – Loss or impairment of the ordinary physical responses of sexual
functions.

26. Erectile Disorder – (Erectile dysfunction) The inability of a man to achieve or maintain
an erection.

27. Females Sexual Arousal Disorder – The inability of a woman to become sexually
aroused or to reach orgasm.

28. Sexual Desire Disorder – Disorders in which the person lacks sexual interest or has an
active distaste for sex.

29. Orgasmic Disorder – inability to reach orgasm in a person able to experience sexual
desire and maintaining arousal.

30. Premature Ejaculation – inability of men to inhibit orgasm as long as desired.


31. Vaginismus – involuntary muscle spasms in the outer part of the vagina that makes
intercourse impossible.

32. Paraphillias – Sexual disorder in which unconventional objects or situation cause sexual
arousal.

33. Fetishism – A paraphilia in which a non human object is the preferred method of
achieving sexual excitement.

34. Voyeurism - Desire to watch others having sexual relations or to spy on nude people.

35. Exhibitionism – Compulsion to expose one’s genitals in public to achieve sexual


arousal.

36. Frotteurism – Compulsion to achieve sexual by touching or rubbing against a non


consenting person in public situations.

37. Transvestic Frotteurism – Wearing the clothes of the opposite sex to achieve sexual
gratification.

38. Sexual Sadism – Obtaining sexual gratification from humiliating or physically harming a
sexual partner.

39. Sexual Masochism – Inability to enjoy sex without accompanying emotional or physical
pain.

40. Pedophilia – Desire to have sexual relations with children as the preferred or exclusive
method of achieving sexual achievements.

41. Gender – Identity Disorders – disorders that involves the desire to become or the
insistence that one really is, a member of the other biological sex.

42. Gender Identity Disorder in Children – Rejection of one’s biological gender in childhood,
along with the clothing and behavior that society considers appropriate to that gender.

43. Personality Disorder – Disorders in which inflexible and maladaptive ways of thinking
and behaving learned early in life causes distress to the person or conflict with others.

44. Schizoid Personality Disorder – Personality disorder in which a person is withdrawn and
feeling for others.

45. Paranoid Personality Disorder – Personality disorder in which the person is


inappropriately suspicious and mistrustful of others.

46. Dependent Personality Disorder – Personality disorder in which the person is unable to
make choices and decisions independently and cannot tolerate being alone.
47. Avoidance Personality Disorder – Personality disorder in which the person fears of
rejection by others lead to social isolation.

48. Narcissitic Personality Disorder – Personality disorder in which the person has an
exaggerated sense of self importance and needs constant admiration.

49. Borderline Personality Disorder – Personality disorder characterized by marked


instability in self image, mood, and interpersonal relationship.

50. Antisocial Personality Disorder – Personality disorder that involves a pattern of violent,
criminal or unethical and exploitative behavior and an inability to feel affection for
others.

51. Schizophrenic Disorders – Severe disorders in which there are disturbances of thoughts
communications and emotions including delusion and hallucinations.

52. Psychotic (Psychosis)-Behavior characterized by a loss of touch with reality


(hallucinations-sensory experiences in the absence of external stimulation) Delusions-
False beliefs about reality that have no basis or facts.

53. Disorganized Schizophrenia-Disorder in which bizarre and child like behaviors are
common.

54. Catatonic Schizophrenia- Schizophrenic disorder in which disturbed motor behavior is


prominent.

55. Paranoid Schizophrenia- Schizophrenic disorder marked by extreme suspiciousness and


complex bizarre delusions.

56. Undiffrented Schizophrenia- Schizophrenic in which there are clear Schizophrenic


symptoms that do not meet the criteria for another sub-type of the disorder.

57. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder-A childhood disorder characterized by


innatention, impulsivenss and hyperactivity.

Psycho stimulant-drugs that increases ability to focus attention in people with ADHD.

58. Autistic Disorder-A childhood disorder characterized by lack of social instinct and
strange motor behavior.

59. Autistic Spectrum Disorder-A range of disorders involving varying degree of impairment
in communication skills, social interactions and restricted respective and stereotyped
pattern of behavior.