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CONFIDENTIAL MPPU1034/MPU1034

MPPU1034/MPU1034
The Application of
Statistics in Educational
Research 1

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA

FACULTY OF EDUCATION

MID-TERM EXAMINATION
SEMESTER I SESSION 2016/2017

THE APPLICATIONS OF STATISTICS

IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 1
Two hours

DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

Instructions:
1. This question paper consists of five (5) questions
3. The marks allocated for each question are shown in brackets.
5. You are allowed to answer in Bahasa Melayu or in English.
6. Hand in this booklet at the end of the examination.
7. This is an open-book test. You are allowed to make references during the test. You
may also use calculator or notebook for computational purposes. However, you
are strictly not allowed to make any form of discussion.

WARNING: Disciplinary action will be taken against students who are found cheating
during the examination.

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CONFIDENTIAL 2 MPPU1034/MPU1034

This paper contains six (6) printed pages including front page

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1 A researcher measured the time taken by a group of 15 youths in a short-distance

run. The following is the set of data in seconds.
Seorang penyelidik ingin mengkaji masa yang diambil oleh sekumpulan 15 orang
belia dalam satu acara larian jarak dekat. Berikut adalah data yang diperoleh
dalam masa saat.

76.0 75.2 73.3 72.0 69.5 68.0 65.0 64.0

63.0 60.1 57.0 55.5 54.5 48.9 46.0

i. Identify the type of scale of measure of the given data set. [1 mark]
Kenal pasti skala ukuran data yang diberi [1 markah]

ii. Describe the characteristics of the selected scale of measurement. [2 marks]

Terangkan ciri-ciri skala ukuran yang dipilih [2 markah]

iii. Explain how you can reduce the data to an ordinal scale [2 marks]
Terangkan bagaimana anda boleh menurunkan (reduce) skala pengukuran
ini kepada skala ordinal. [2 markah]

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CONFIDENTIAL 4 MPPU1034/MPU1034

2 A population has set of variable scores with a mean µ and a standard deviation σ.
A constant is added to each score in the data set.
Sebuah populasi mempunyai skor pembolehubah dengan min µ dan sisihan
piawai σ. Satu pemalar telah ditambah kepada setiap skor dalam set data
tersebut.

i. What is the change in the value of mean, µ ? [1 mark]

Apakah perubahan pada nilai mean, µ ? [1 markah]

ii. What is the change in the value of the standard deviation, σ? [1 mark]
Apakah perubahan pada nilai sisihan piawai, σ ? [1 markah]

iii. By using either mathematical proof, sketch of distribution or a set of suitable

Dengan menggunakan bukti matematik, lakaran distribusi, atau
menggunakan set data yang sesuai, terangkan jawapan anda untuk 2 (i).

[3 markah]

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CONFIDENTIAL 5 MPPU1034/MPU1034

3 Consider a set of data comprising of 20 scores of statistics test as below:

Pertimbangkan satu set data mengandungi 20 skor ujian statistik seperti berikut:

2 15 8 12 11 4 5 10 9 20
10 11 15 3 12 11 9 8 9 7

i. Find the mean, mode, median, and standard deviation. Show your
calculation. [8 marks]
Cari min, mod, median dan sisihan piawai. Tunjukkan pengiraan anda.
[8 markah]

ii. Group your data into 5 classes and form a table of grouped data. Sketch an
appropriate histogram and frequency polygon for these grouped data.
[10
marks]
Bina data terkumpul dalam 5 kelas dan hasilkan jadual data terkumpul
tersebut. Lakarkan histogram dan poligon frekuensi yang sesuai untuk data
terkumpul ini. [10 markah]

iii. What can you say about the score 15 with respect to the mean? [2 marks]
Dengan merujuk kepada min, apakah yang anda boleh nyatakan mengenai
skor 15? [2 markah]

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CONFIDENTIAL 6 MPPU1034/MPU1034

4 Based on a traffic survey, the mean and standard deviation of time taken for UTM
students who drive to college to find parking spaces are 9.0 minutes and 2.5
minutes respectively. Assuming the time taken by each students to find a parking
space are normally distributed, find:
Berdasarkan satu bancian lalu lintas, min dan sisihan piawai bagi masa yang
diambil oleh pelajar UTM mendapatkan ruang parkir kereta di Universiti
masing-masingnya ialah 9.0 minit dan 2.5 minit. Dengan menganggap bahawa
masa yang diambil oleh pelajar untuk mendapatkan ruang parkir kereta adalah
bertabur secara normal, cari:

i. The probability (or proportion) of the students take more than 15 minutes to
find a parking space. [1 mark]
Kebarangkalian (atau proportion) pelajar mengambil masa lebih dari 15
minit untuk mendapatkan ruang parkir. [1 markah]

ii. The probability (or proportion) of the students take less than 5 minutes to
find a parking space. [1 mark]
Kebarangkalian (atau proportion) pelajar mengambil masa kurang dari 5
minit untuk mendapatkan ruang parkir. [1 markah]

iii. The probability (or proportion) of the students take between 7 and 10
minutes to find a parking space. [3 marks]
Kebarangkalian (atau proportion) pelajar mengambil masa antara 7 hingga
10 minit untuk mendapatkan ruang parkir. [3 markah]

iv. How many minutes represent the 90th percentile? [2 marks]

Berapa minit masa diambil untuk mewakili ‘90th percentile’? [2 markah]

v. How many minutes represent the 45th percentile? [3 marks]

Berapa minit masa diambil untuk menentukan ‘45th percentile?’ [3 markah]

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CONFIDENTIAL 7 MPPU1034/MPU1034

5 i. Sometimes the distribution of sample means are not normal. Explain the
circumstances that may make the distribution of sample means not normal.
[2
marks]
mungkin membuat taburan min sampel tidak normal. [2 markah]

ii. An education consultant claims that a newly introduced program will

generate a mean CGPA of 3.75 with standard deviation 4.00 among
and their sample mean of CGPA was 3.25.
Seorang perunding pendidikan mendakwa bahawa satu program baru
diperkenalkan boleh menghasilkan min CGPA bernilai 3.75 dengan sisihan
piawai 4.00 dalam kalangan mahasiswa. Sampel bersaiz 36 telah mengikuti
program tersebut dengan min sampel CGPA 3.25.

a. Check if this sample mean of CGPA falls within the range of -1.96
standard deviation and +1.96 standard deviation? [2 marks]
Semak samada min sampel CGPA ini terletak dalam julat -1.96 sisihan
piawai dan +1.96 sisihan piawai? [2 markah]

b. Find the probability of sample mean of CGPA greater than 3.25.

[2 marks]
Tentukan kebarangkalian min sampel CGPA lebih besar daripada 3.25
[2 markah]

c. Find the value of sample mean of CGPA that represents the bottom 5%
of the distribution? [4 marks]
Cari nilai min sampel CGPA yang mewakili bawah 5% taburan ini?
[4 markah]

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CONFIDENTIAL 8 MPPU1034/MPU1034

END OF QUESTION

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MPU1034/MPPU1034 CONFIDENTIAL