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The History of the Atom – Atomic Models

Name: _____________________________
My partner(s) in my lab group: _____________________________
Date: _____________________
Science 8 Block : ___

THE BIG IDEA: The behavior of matter can be explained by the


kinetic molecular theory and atomic theory.

CURRICULAR COMPETENCIES:
Processing and analyzing data and information
• Seek patterns and connections in data from their own investigations and secondary sources
• Use scientific understandings to identify relationships and draw conclusions
Applying and innovating
• Co-operatively design projects
Communicating
• Communicate ideas, findings, and solutions to problems, using scientific language, representations,
and digital technologies as appropriate

Below is a list of individuals that have made significant contributions to the concept of the
atomic theory. Your task today is to match the scientist with the appropriate description.
Some scientists will have more than one description associated with them.

Activity 1: Timeline
Under each scientist’s name there is a line. On each line, write the year that they did their
work. These scientists did many things – some having absolutely nothing to do with the
atom. So, be sure that the date you record relates to the atom.
Activity 2: What the scientists did.
Cut out each of the scientist rectangles from Activity one. Spread them out across your work
table, in chronological order. These are going to be your headings. Next, cut each of the
“things they did” descriptions (BELOW).
You are going to research each description and determine which scientist the item goes
under. Once you have all in place – ask your teacher to check it.
Activity 3: Creating a timeline
In your lab group, find an effective and creative way to visually display your timeline.
For each description of what the scientist did, add an explanation or diagram (or both) to
your timeline. Find the best way to display all of this information on your Atomic Model
Timeline.
EXTENSIONS:
• Find other important discoveries that these, or possible OTHER scientists have made,
related to atoms or atomic theory, and add them to your timeline.
• Consider the following question: What is the relationship between the atomic theory
and the kinetic molecular theory?
The History of the Atom – Atomic Models
Name: _____________________________
My partner(s) in my lab group: _____________________________
Date: _____________________
Science 8 Block : ___

EVALUATION RUBRIC

Processing and Applying and Communicating


Analyzing Innovating
information
Using Scientific Co-operative design Final product layout
understandings to
identify
relationships
NYM ACTIVITY 1 & 2 ACTIVITY 3 ACTIVITY 3
Not Yet Incorrect or All of the timeline info The choice of layout is not
meeting Incomplete and discovery info is not the most effective or does
fully or correctly not visually draw in the
displayed reader
AE ACTIVITY 1 & 2 ACTIVITY 3 ACTIVITY 3
Approaching Mostly correct Missing one or more of The choice of layout is
or these criteria: effective AND visually
not as thorough as Effective design draws in the reader
necessary Includes explanations
(and possibly diagrams)
ME ACTIVITY 1 & 2 ACTIVITY 3 ACTIVITY 3
Meeting Correctly and Effective design The choice of layout is
thoroughly Includes explanations effective AND creative
completed (and possibly diagrams) Extra elements and details
have been added to visually
draw in the reader
EE EXTENSIONS EXTENSIONS EXTENSIONS
Exceeding Other important Effective design The choice of layout is
discoveries / Goes above and beyond effective AND creative
scientists are to Include explanations Extra elements and details
added and connections have been added to visually
between theories and draw in the reader in a very
scientists unique format / platform
(and possibly diagrams) (the final product is unique)
Answers the question: What is the relationship between the atomic
theory and the kinetic molecular theory?
Activity 1:
John Dalton Werner Heisenberg
________ ________

JJ Thomson Ernest Rutherford


________ ________

Democritus Niels Bohr


________ ________

James Chadwick Dmitri Mendeleev


________ ________

Activity 2:
Discovered the electron Discovered the neutron

Created a model of the atom with electrons Uncertainty principle
moving around the nucleus in fixed orbits A particle’s position, energy, and time can
never be precisely known

Greek philosopher Hypothesized that the atom was a tiny hard


sphere

Discovered that the proton had a positive Suggested future elements would be
charge discovered and fitted into the periodic table

Hypothesized that atoms cannot be Discovered that the atom is mostly empty
destroyed, are always moving, and are space
indivisible

Did the gold foil experiment Created the first real atomic theory

Found the missing mass of the atom’s Used the cathode ray tube in his discovery
nucleus

Worked with the Quantum Theory of the Proposed the basis of our modern periodic
Atomic Model table

Created the “plum pudding” model of the Believed that atoms of a given element are
atom identical