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LINK COURSE MODULE

Module 1.0
Introduction to Quantity
Surveying Theories
Technological Institute of the Philippines
In association with
Davis Langdon and Seah (Phils) Inc.
Copyright June 2007
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

What does a Quantity Surveyor do ?

‰ Plans and manages costs on projects from inception to


completion
‰ Improves cost effectiveness
‰ Reduces risk
‰ Secures value for money
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

There is Risk at all Stages of Construction Projects – e.g.


N
TIO
A
M
S OR T ES
N F U
A L TIO ON IN N CE I SP
I I F
F US ND MA
T O M
A
L
D
O Y R A
RE C OR PL FO TU CY
G N F N P R C T
NIN O W IN S T IO SU PE H ER RA R UP
N Y E T
LAN NK O OR LA F LA AT O OR EAT ON NK
P U P E IN L P W C B A
D

PROJECT TIME SCALE


ION IO
N
T T
EP E
IN
C PL
M
CO

We identify, quantify and manage risk, in terms


of cost and value benefit
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

The Cost : Benefit Funnel of a Typical Construction Project – e.g.


Php

BENEFIT
BENEFIT

BEST GOOD SO SO POOR TOO LATE !

COST
COST

Concept Feasibility Design Procure Construct

Time
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

How does he do it?


General Principle:
SYSTEMATIC & WELL-OUTLINED

P
Cost Contract Contract Final
Plan Document Execution Account
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

How does he do it?


‰ Cost planning/Cost analysis
‰ Contractual advice
‰ Procurement advice
‰ Tendering/Preparing Bills of Quantities (BOQ)
‰ Negotiating
‰ Variations
‰ Valuations
‰ Financial statements
‰ Contractors claims
‰ Financial accounts
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories
TRADITIONAL CONSTRUCTION
PROCESS
Stages OWNER
Project

PROJECT
PRE-CONTRACT:
COST PLANNING

CONCEPT QS

PM/TECHNICAL
CONSULTANT
DESIGN
DEVELOPMENT
QS
FORMULATION
CONTRACT

BID/AWARD QS

PM/TECHNICAL
CONTRACTOR
SETTLEMENTS

CONSULTANT
MANAGEMENT
CONTRACT

CONSTRUCTION
QS
&

=> Progress Billing


=> Site Instruction
=> Site Variation

CONTRACTOR
CONSTRUCTION

FINAL PM
ACCOUNT
POST

QS
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

Role of Quantity Surveyor


Stage of Design Architect/PM/ Quantity Surveyor
Engineer
Inception of a Determine and Give broad advise
project & feasibility investigate site. on cost of
Provide ideas of construction and
design solution most efficient
design

Outline Proposal Produce outline Prepare budget


scheme design cost based on
scheme design
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

Role of Quantity Surveyor (Cont’d)


Stage of Design Architect/PM/ Quantity Surveyor
Engineer
Detail design Fully design every Check costs against
part and component budget as design
of the building progresses.

Tender Prepare final „Prepare Bid


documentation tender drawings, documents
schedules and „Prepare pre-
specifications tender estimate
Tender action Prepare technical Prepare tender
evaluation cost report and
advise selection
of contractor
Introduction to Quantity Surveying Theories

Role of Quantity Surveyor (Cont’d)


Stage of Design Architect/PM/ Quantity Surveyor
Engineer
Construction/ Post Monitor and „Prepare interim
Construction supervise evaluation
construction „Advise and agree
variations (change
orders)
„Prepare financial
statement
„Assist in
contractual claims
„Prepare final
account