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SEKOLAH TINGGI TEKNIK – PLN

JAKARTA

Di PT.PLN (PERSERO) UP3B MATARAM

LAPORAN KERJA MAGANG

Disusun Oleh:

IDHAM KHOLID

NIM : 2016-71-108

PROGRAM DIPLOMA TIGA

TEKNIK ELEKTRO

JAKARTA, 2019
i

PENGESAHAN

LAPORAN KERJA MAGANG

DI PT.PLN (PERSERO) UP3B MATARAM

Periode 01 Februari – 31 Mei 2019

Disusun oleh :

IDHAM KHOLID
NIM : 2016-71-108

Diajukan Untuk Memenuhi Persyaratan Pada Kurikulum


Program Pendidikan DIII Teknik Elektro
SEKOLAH TINGGI TEKNIK - PLN

Mataram, 31 Mei 2019

Mengetahui, Disetujui,

Erlina, ST.MT. Edy Ispranyoto, MBA


Kepala Departemen Teknik Elektro Pembimbing Lapangan
ii

PENGESAHAN

LAPORAN KERJA MAGANG

DI PT.PLN (PERSERO) UP3B MATARAM

Periode 01 Februari – 31 Mei 2019

Disusun oleh :

IDHAM KHOLID
NIM : 2016-71-108

Diajukan Untuk Memenuhi Persyaratan Pada Kurikulum


Program Pendidikan DIII Teknik Elektro
SEKOLAH TINGGI TEKNIK - PLN

Mataram, 31 Mei 2019

Mengetahui, Disetujui,

Erlina, ST.MT. Anung Hermawan


Kepala Departemen Teknik Elektro Pembimbing Lapangan

Citra Rezkhi Dewi M.


Koordinator Kerja Magang
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UCAPAN TERIMA KASIH

Dengan ini saya menyampaikan banyak terima kasih kepada :

ANUNG HERMAWAN

Selaku Pembimbing Lapangan yang dengan kesabarannya telah memberikan

petunjuk, saran-saran serta bimbingannya sehingga Laporan Kerja Magang ini

dapat diselesaikan tepat waktu.

Terima kasih yang sama, saya sampaikan kepada Bapak Edo Adrianto selaku

Manajer di PT. PLN (Persero) UP3B MATARAM yang telah mengijinkan saya

melakukan kerja magang di perusahaannya.

Mataram, 31 Mei 2019

IDHAM KHOLID
NIM : 2016-71-108
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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN PEMBIMBING AKADEMIS ..................................... i

LEMBAR PENGESAHAN PEMBIMBING LAPANGAN .................................... ii

UCAPAN TERIMA KASIH ................................................................................ iii

DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................................... iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR .......................................................................................... vi

DAFTAR TABEL .............................................................................................. ix

BAB I PENDAHULUAN .................................................................................... 1

1.1. Latar Belakang Kerja Magang ................................................................ 1

1.2. Tujuan Kerja Magang ............................................................................. 2

1.3. Rumusan Masalah ................................................................................. 3

1.4. Batasan Masalah ................................................................................... 3

1.5. Sistematika penulisan ............................................................................ 3

BAB II PEMBAHASAN TEORI ......................................................................... 5

2.1. Sistem Proteksi Penyulang .................................................................... 5

2.2. Relai Proteksi ......................................................................................... 6

2.2.1. Trafo Arus ................................................................................. 6

2.2.2. Trafo Tegangan ......................................................................... 7

2.2.3. Relai Arus Lebih (Over Current Relay) ...................................... 7

2.2.3.1. Prinsip Kerja Arus Lebih ............................................ 8

2.2.4. Relai Penutup Balik (Recloser).................................................. 9

2.2.5. Pemutus Tenaga ....................................................................... 9

2.2.6. SIPROTEC (SIEMENS) Relay .................................................. 10

2.2.7. Surge Kontrol ............................................................................ 12


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2.2.8. Sistem Pentanahan Gardu Induk ............................................. 13

BAB III LAPORAN HASIL MAGANG ................................................................ 14

3.1. Laporan Kegiatan Harian ........................................................................ 14

3.2. Uraian Kegiatan ...................................................................................... 37

3.2.1. Setting Proteksi OCR/GFR Recloser Schneider pada Jaringan

Distribusi 20 kV ......................................................................... 37

3.2.2. Setting OCR/GFR jenis Relai MICOM P127 ............................. 48

3.2.3. Pengujian OCR/GFR pada Penyulang 20 kV ............................ 55

3.2.4. Pemeliharaan Surge Control (Proteksi Internal) ........................ 73

3.2.4.1. Pemeliharaan Surge Control ..................................... 74

3.2.5. Pemasangan Plat Tembaga Pentanahan/Grounding GI ........... 79

3.2.5.1. Tujuan Utama Sistem Pengetanahan ........................ 80

3.2.5.2. Beberapa kelebihan dari system yang ketanahkan ... 80

BAB IV Penutup

4.1. Kesimpulan ............................................................................................ 86

4.2. Saran...................................................................................................... 87

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

LAMPIRAN
vi

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Diagram Peralatan Sistem Proteksi.............................................. 5

Gambar 2.2 Prinsip Relai Arus Lebih tipe plunger (Elektromagnetik) .............. 8

Gambar 2.3 Prinsip Relai Arus Lebih tipe Statik (Elektronik) ........................... 9

Gambar 3.1 Tampilan engineer menu.............................................................. 38

Gambar 3.2 Tampilan protection menu A ........................................................ 38

Gambar 3.3 Tampilan Global Control ............................................................... 39

Gambar 3.4 Tampilan Trip To Lockout (Autoreclose) ...................................... 39

Gambar 3.5 Tampilan Set Reset Time ............................................................. 40

Gambar 3.6 Tampilan Auto Reclose ON ......................................................... 40

Gambar 3.7 Tampilan Global PICKUP ............................................................. 41

Gambar 3.8 Tampilan Global Pick Up Phase ................................................... 41

Gambar 3.9 Tampilan Saat Entry Password .................................................... 42

Gambar 3.10 Tampilan Phase Set (set nilai OCR) ........................................... 42

Gambar 3.11 Tampilan Earth Set..................................................................... 43

Gambar 3.12 Tampilan Prot Trip Setting .......................................................... 43

Gambar 3.13 Tampilan trip 1............................................................................ 44

Gambar 3.14 Tampilan Prot Trip 1 phase protection ....................................... 44

Gambar 3.15 Tampilan setting kurva ............................................................... 45

Gambar 3.16 Tampilan setting TMS ............................................................... 45

Gambar 3.17 Tampilan setting instant ............................................................. 46

Gambar 3.18 Tampilan setting waktu instant ................................................... 46

Gambar 3.19 Tampilan setting instant GFR ..................................................... 47


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Gambar 3.20 Penyetingan Recloser dengan cara manual ............................... 48

Gambar 3.21 Step 1 ......................................................................................... 50

Gambar 3.22 Step 2 ........................................................................................ 50

Gambar 3.23 Step 3 ........................................................................................ 51

Gambar 3.24 Step 4 ........................................................................................ 51

Gambar 3.25 Step 5 ........................................................................................ 52

Gambar 3.26 Step 6 ........................................................................................ 52

Gambar 3.27 Step 7 ......................................................................................... 53

Gambar 3.28 Step 8 ........................................................................................ 53

Gambar 3.29 Step 9 ......................................................................................... 54

Gambar 3.30 Step 10 ...................................................................................... 55

Gambar 3.31 Tampak Belakang Alat Ukur Omicron ....................................... 58

Gambar 3.32 Modul Hardware dari tegangan dan arus Omicron .................... 59

Gambar 3.33 Saklar On/Off Power Supply ..................................................... 59

Gambar 3.34 Run Program ............................................................................. 60

Gambar 3.35 Tampilan Awal Program Test Universe ...................................... 60

Gambar 3.36 Menu IP Configuration ............................................................... 61

Gambar 3.37 Associate ................................................................................... 61

Gambar 3.38 Tombol Associate ...................................................................... 61

Gambar 3.39 Test Set ..................................................................................... 62

Gambar 3.40 Tes Module ............................................................................... 62

Gambar 3.41 Tampilan Nilai Pick-Up dan Drop-Off ........................................ 63

Gambar 3.42 Tampilan Apabila PC Berhasil Berkomunikasi dgn Omicron ...... 63

Gambar 3.43 Menu Hardware Configuration ................................................... 63


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Gambar 3.44 Tampilan Hardware Configuration ............................................. 64

Gambar 3.45 Tampilan Test Set ..................................................................... 64

Gambar 3.46 Tampilan Voltage Outputs ......................................................... 65

Gambar 3.47 Tampilan Current Outputs ......................................................... 65

Gambar 3.48 Tampilan Test Module ............................................................... 66

Gambar 3.49 Menu Binary/Analog .................................................................. 66

Gambar 3.50 Toolbar Test View ..................................................................... 67

Gambar 3.51 Tampilan Test View ................................................................... 67

Gambar 3.52 Tampilan Ramping .................................................................... 69

Gambar 3.53 Tampilan Switch Off .................................................................. 69

Gambar 3.54 Tampilan Pilihan Arus yang Diperlukan ..................................... 69

Gambar 3.55 Tampilan Autostep .................................................................... 70

Gambar 3.56 Tampilan Hasil Uji ..................................................................... 70

Gambar 3.57 Toolbar View .............................................................................. 70

Gambar 3.58 Toolbar Exit ............................................................................... 71

Gambar 3.59 ISOLAB (Alat Ukur Isolasi Surge Control) ................................ 74

Gambar 3.60 Kondisi Surge Control dalam Keadaan Normal ......................... 77

Gambar 3.61 Kondisi Surge Control dalam Keadaan Rusak ......................... 78

Gambar 3.62 Pemeliharaan Surge Control di Kubikel 150 kV ........................ 78

Gambar 3.63 Pemeliharaan Surge Control di Dekat Panel MCB .................... 79

Gambar 3.64 Pemeliharaan Surge Control di Kubikel 20 kV .......................... 79

Gambar 3.65 Pemasangan Plat Tembaga pada Grounding GI ....................... 85

Gambar 3.66 Pemasangan Plat Tembaga telah Selesai ................................ 85

Gambar 3.67 Pengukuran Tahanan Grounding .............................................. 85


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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 3.1. Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-1 ............................................ 15

Tabel 3.2 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-2 ............................................. 16

Tabel 3.3 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-3 ............................................. 17

Tabel 3.4 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-4 ............................................. 18

Tabel 3.5 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-5 ............................................. 20

Tabel 3.6 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-6 ............................................. 21

Tabel 3.7 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-7 ............................................. 22

Tabel 3.8 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-8 ............................................. 23

Tabel 3.9 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-9 ............................................. 24

Tabel 3.10 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-10 ......................................... 26

Tabel 3.11 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-11 ......................................... 27

Tabel 3.12 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-12 ......................................... 29

Tabel 3.13 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-13 ......................................... 30

Tabel 3.14 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-14 ......................................... 32

Tabel 3.15 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-15 ......................................... 34

Tabel 3.16 Laporan Harian Magang Minggu Ke-16 ......................................... 35