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Gather Conditioning in

HampsonRussell
Presenter: Veronica Perez
Content

 HampsonRussell’s Gather Conditioning Overview


 Example of Gather conditioning
 What’s new in HampsonRussell 10.4.1

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HampsonRussell’s Gather
Conditioning Overview

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Seismic Data Conditioning
HampsonRussell (HRS) applications are part of the larger CGG GeoSoftware suite of
products. In terms of seismic data conditioning, they can be differentiated as follows.

HampsonRussell conditioning InsightEarth conditioning Jason applications


 Trace based
 Primarily layer based (i.e.  Load-Once-Use-it-
 Designed to improve following the geological Everywhere (LOUiE)
seismic signal-to-noise, structure)
alignment and amplitudes.  Especially useful for (LOUiE is new in HRS 10.3)
 Is primarily applied to pre acquisition footprint
stack gathers removal.
 Some processes are
applicable to stacked data

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All of these processes are available
within an AVO + license. (The +
includes a Geoview, Seismic, Log
Data Conditioning Processes 1 of 2 and AVO license)

These processes are used to improve the quality of seismic data before input to
reservoir characterization analysis. They can be categorized into 6 types:
Trace mute
Radon noise attenuation
1. Random and coherent noise attenuation Radon multiple attenuation
Super gather
FXY Predictive Filter
De-spike

Time shifts analysis


Time variant trim statics
2. Residual NMO and gather alignment NMO
RNMO
Long Offset residual NMO

3. Amplitude correction AVO offset scaling


Amplitude analysis

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All of these processes are available
within an AVO + license. (The +
includes a Geoview, Seismic, Log
Data Conditioning Processes 2 of 2 and AVO license)

Deconvolution
4. Frequency and bandwidth Bandpass filter
Spectral balancing and blueing

Q compensation
5. Phase distortion

Angle gather
Angle stack
CDP Stack
6. Trace organization and conversion Range limited stack
Corridor stack

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Example of Gather conditioning

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GOM Data Example

 Surface waves
 Random Noise
 Multiples
 Statics

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1.Trace Mute

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1.Trace Mute

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1.Trace Mute
Input Output

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Parabolic Radon Transform

Most of the time, it is difficult to separate the reflections from noise. This separation can be made
easier when the data is not processed in space-time domain, but transformed into another domain.

t-x domain f-k domain


time-space Frequency - wavenumber

t-x domain -p domain


time-space Intercept - slowness

-p domain filter is also called Radon Filter or Slant-Stack Filter

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Parabolic Radon Transform

A sketch of primary P (waterbottom reflection)


and its multiples M1, M2

13 Gather Conditioning on HampsonRussell– Public “Seismic Data Analysis” Oz Yilmaz, 1987


Parabolic Radon Transform
The Parabolic Radon Transform can be
used for random noise suppression or
coherent noise suppression or both.

The filter assumes that, after NMO (or pre-


stack migration), all coherent events can
Primary
be modeled as parabolic shapes.

At each time sample, the Parabolic Radon


Transform uses a “fan” of possible Multiple
parabolas to model the events actually
found in the data. The user specifies the
range of this fan.

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Parabolic Radon Transform
In multiple
In random noise
suppression mode,
mode, the Radon filter
the Radon filter
passes coherent
rejects coherent
events within the Low
events within the Low
and High Delta-T.
and High Delta-T.

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2. Radon Random Noise Suppression
Input Output Difference

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2. Radon Random Noise Suppression
Input Output

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3. Radon Multiple Suppression
Input Output Difference

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3. Radon Multiple Suppression
Input Output

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4. Time-Variant Trim Statics
The trim statics process can fix migration move-out problems on pre-stack data and align the events on the
gathers. Time-variant trim statics performs calculations over a series of user-defined overlapping windows,
and interpolates the shifts between window centers.

Analysis
Calculate
windows time shifts by
Stack to cross
produce a correlation.
single pilot Interpolate
trace. between
windows.

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4. Time-Variant Trim Statics

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4. Time-Variant Trim Statics
Input Output

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4. Time-Variant Trim Statics
Input Output

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5. Radon Random Noise Suppression
Input Output Difference

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5. Radon Random Noise Suppression
Input Output

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Input vs Conditioned Gathers
Input Output

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Input vs Conditioned Gathers > Stacked Data
Raw Gathers Conditioned Gathers

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Input vs Conditioned Gathers > Inversion Analysis
Raw Gathers - 100 Iterations

Correlation: 0.835661
Error: 0.553226

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Input vs Conditioned Gathers > Inversion Analysis
Conditioned Gathers - 50 Iterations

Correlation: 0.964139
Error: 0.269423

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Input vs Conditioned Gathers > Inversion Results
Raw Gathers Conditioned Gathers

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What’s new in HampsonRussell 10.4.1

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Two Seismic Conditioning Options
There are two stand-alone licenses within the HampsonRussell
suite, designed for the conditioning of seismic data.

Gather Conditioning is designed Advanced Seismic


to improve the signal-to-noise Conditioning (ADSC) is
ratio and alignment of a single designed to match the phase,
volume before reservoir amplitude and frequency
characterization analysis. characteristics of two or more
It is primarily applied to pre different volumes together.
stack offset or angle gathers, ADSC is primarily applied to
although some processes are near, mid and far angle stacks,
equally applicable to stacked but some processes can also
data, including angle stacks. be applied to gathers.

Gather Conditioning is a subset ADSC is a subset of features in


of features in an AVO+ license a Pro4D license.
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Advanced Seismic Conditioning (ADSC)

License Features: in both Pro4D and


new Advanced Seismic Conditioning:
9 degree stack 23 degree stack 37 degree stack
1. Create a super volume of angle
stacks
2. Estimate Phase and Time Shifts
3. Apply Phase and Time Shifts
4. Apply Shaping filter
5. Bandwidth Matching
6. Create volume of RMS factors
7. Apply volume of RMS factors
8. Create Data Slices of RMS Factors
Match to the near stack characteristics
9. Apply RMS DataSlice Gain

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Advanced Seismic Conditioning (ADSC)

9 23 37 9 23 37

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Result of ADSC
Output of ADSC
Input to ADSC Output of ADSC
9 23 37 9 23 37

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Inversion After ADSC
Input to ADSC Output of ADSC

Correlation: 0.988451 Correlation: 0.992399


Error: 0.154007 Error: 0.124547
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Multi Node Processing (MNP)
Splits the computing effort for large input seismic datasets amongst two or more
Linux nodes.
Runtime for a big dataset (90GB)

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Contact us for additional information and questions

 cgg.com/GeoSoftware/Software-Support
 cgg.com/GeoSoftware/Regional-Contacts

 Presenter:
– Veronica Perez - veronica.perez@cgg.com
 More questions: gs.insights@cgg.com

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For the full webinar schedule go to cgg.com/GeoSoftware/Webinar-Series

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Thank you
Email additional questions to gs.insights@cgg.com
Learn more at cgg.com/geosoftware

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